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Dialysis, SLE, hypertension , lupus,

Mohamed A El-Naggari, Dana Al-Nabhani, Ibtisam El-Nour, Alaa El-Manzalawy, Anas-Alwogud A Abdelmogheth
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurological condition with a combination of clinical and radiological features. Clinical symptoms include headaches, confusion, seizures, disturbed vision or an altered level of consciousness. Classic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings indicate subcortical and cortical oedema, affecting mainly the posterior cerebral region. We report two paediatric cases of PRES with underlying renal diseases presenting at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Muscat, Oman, in April 2010 and August 2011...
August 2015: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Amy E Lin, Nadine Shehata, Heather Reich, David Barth, Carl Laskin, Stephen Lapinsky, Shital Gandhi
OBJECTIVES: We outline a case of a woman with lupus (SLE) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APLA) at 26 weeks' gestation who develops a complex multiorgan condition with a broad differential. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 34 year old woman, G1P0, presented at 26 weeks gestation with a 5 day history of epigastric pain and emesis. She has a history of lupus anticoagulant (LAC), anticardiolipin (ACL) and anti-dsDNA (ADD) positive SLE and APLA syndrome diagnosed at age 13 with multiple small cerebral infarcts...
January 2015: Pregnancy Hypertension
O O Adelowo, T Umeizudike, H Olaosebikan, J O Awobusuyi
BACKGROUND: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-systemic autoimmune disease. Renal involvement is a common complication, causing considerable mortality and morbidity. SLE is rarely reported among black Africans, though recent reports from Nigeria indicate otherwise. Nephritis, though a common complication of SLE has rarely been reported as the initial diagnosis of lupus among black Africans. AIMS: The aim of our study is to highlight the clinical, laboratory and histological features in Nigerian patients presenting with features of nephritis and subsequent diagnosis of SLE...
June 2014: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
O O Adelowo, T Umeizudike, H Olaosebikan, J O Awobusuyi
BACKGROUND: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a multi-systemic autoimmune disease. Renal involvement is a common complication, causing considerable mortality and morbidity. SLE is rarely reported among black Africans, though recent reports from Nigeria indicate otherwise. Nephritis, though a common complication of SLE has rarely been reported as the initial diagnosis of lupus among black Africans. AIMS: The aim of our study is to highlight the clinical, laboratory and histological features in Nigerian patients presenting with features of nephritis and subsequent diagnosis of SLE...
June 2014: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Gh Gluhovschi, Silvia Velciov, Ligia Petrica, Cristina Gluhovschi
The kidneys, as an integral part of the body, are in close functional relationship with other organs. Dysfunction of the relationship with one organ will affect the kidney. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) leads in time to alteration of the relationship of the kidney with other organs, sometimes with severe consequences. Thus, cardiovascular involvement in CKD leads to increased severity of CKD, with an increase in mortality rate. At present, the relationship between the kidney and the lung has been less studied...
April 2014: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
G J Pons-Estel, V Saurit, G S Alarcón, L Hachuel, G Boggio, D Wojdyla, J L Alfaro-Lozano, I García de la Torre, L Massardo, M H Esteva-Spinetti, M Guibert-Toledano, L A Ramirez Gómez, L T Lavras Costallat, M J Sauza Del Pozo, L H Silveira, F Cavalcanti, B A Pons-Estel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to examine the role of place of residency in the expression and outcomes of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a multi-ethnic Latin American cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: SLE patients (< two years of diagnosis) from 34 centers constitute this cohort. Residency was dichotomized into rural and urban, cut-off: 10,000 inhabitants. Socio-demographic, clinical/laboratory and mortality rates were compared between them using descriptive tests...
November 2012: Lupus
Huseyin Kadikoy, Waqar Haque, Vu Hoang, Joseph Maliakkal, John Nisbet, Abdul Abdellatif
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterized by acute onset of headache, nausea, focal neurological deficits or seizures along with radiological findings of white matter defects in the parietal and occipital lobes. Causes of PRES include uremia, hypertensive encephalopathy, eclampsia and immunosuppressive medications. Usually, the treatment of choice involves correcting the underlying abnormality. We describe an unusual case of recurrent PRES caused by uremia during a lupus flare in a patient with biopsy-proven Class IV Lupus Nephritis (LN) with vasculitis...
May 2012: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
V A H Sato, I D B Marques, P T Goldenstein, L P F Carmo, L B Jorge, S M O Titan, R T Barros, V Woronik
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinicopathological features and treatment response in patients with lupus nephritis (LN), comparing the childhood- and late-onset forms of the disease. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical presentation, treatment and evolution in patients diagnosed with LN by renal biopsy between 1999 and 2008. Patients were grouped by age-≤18 years (n = 23); and ≥50 years (n = 13)-and were followed for the first year of treatment. RESULTS: The baseline features of the childhood- and late-onset groups, respectively, were as follows: mean age, 15 ± 2 and 54 ± 5 years; female gender, 87% and 92%; hypertension, 87% and 77%; Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index, 29 ± 9 and 17 ± 7 (p = 0...
August 2012: Lupus
Hung-An Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Chung-Tei Chou, Chih-Chiang Chien, Chin-Chen Chu, Ming-Jen Sheu, Yeong-Jang Lin, Pei-Chih Chen, Chun-Hsiung Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prognosis of patients with and without systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on dialysis and to determine the factors that affect survival after dialysis. METHODS: We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHRI-NHIRD-99182) and collected data on patients who started maintenance dialysis between 2001 and 2003. Patients were followed from the initiation of dialysis until death, discontinuation of dialysis, or the end of 2008...
November 2011: Journal of Rheumatology
Carlos Franco, Wonsuk Yoo, Domingo Franco, Zeng Xu
UNLABELLED: Lupus nephritis is one of the most serious manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). African Americans generally have a more severe presentation and more often progress to end stage renal disease (ESRD) than Caucasians. Several studies point to higher creatinine, low complement levels, thrombocytopenia, anemia, hypertension, and proliferative glomerulonephritis as predictors of ESRD in lupus nephritis within multi-ethnic cohorts. The purpose of the current study was to correlate clinical, serological, and immunological variables with the development of ESRD requiring dialysis in the African American population...
2010: Bulletin of the NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases
R K Kasama, N H Shusterman, M V Rocco
We present the first reported case of a patient who developed de novo systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) after the initiation of dialysis for chronic renal failure. The etiology of his renal failure was secondary to biopsy-proven idiopathic membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis in conjunction with accelerated hypertension. The physical, biochemical or serologic findings of SLE did not become apparent until 4 years after the initiation of hemodialysis. This deviates from the natural history of SLE; typically, once dialysis is initiated, disease and serologic activity diminish with time to the point where therapy is no longer required...
June 1996: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
S Germain, C Nelson-Piercy
Management of pregnant women with renal disease involves awareness of, and allowance for, physiological changes including decreased serum creatinine and increased proteinuria. For women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), pregnancy increases likelihood of flare. These can occur at any stage, and are more difficult to diagnose, as symptoms overlap those of normal pregnancy. Renal involvement is no more common in pregnancy. Worsening proteinuria may be lupus flare but differential includes pre-eclampsia...
2006: Lupus
W W Bolten, E Waldorf-Bolten
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the prototype of a systemic autoimmune disorder, in which immune complexes or cytotoxic antibodies give rise to tissue damage and organ failure, which often results in death. Due to more sensitive diagnostic tools and more sufficient therapeutic methods, the five-year survival rate in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus has improved dramatically during the past decades from less than 50% to 95%. Mortality is still 4 to 5 times higher and is mostly caused by uncontrolled disease flares, infections, and thromboses...
December 1, 2004: Versicherungsmedizin
L K Tan, H K Tan, C T Lee, A S A Tan
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal and fetal outcomes in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 27 pregnancies in 18 women with SLE in a single centre. RESULTS: The mean age was 30 years and most patients were nulliparous. Twenty-six of 27 pregnancies were in disease remission at the time of booking. Renal impairment was present in 7 pregnancies (6 women), of whom 2 were in end-stage renal disease on dialysis...
May 2002: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Yasuo Kuwabara, Masayuki Sasaki, Hideki Hirakata, Hirofumi Koga, Makoto Nakagawa, Tao Chen, Koichiro Kaneko, Kouji Masuda, Masatoshi Fujishima
BACKGROUND: Our previous study reported that cerebral oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) increased in hemodialysis patients with anemia. The increased OEF suggests that the cerebral vasodilatory capacity might be impaired in these patients. To clarify this issue, we measured the CO2 response in patients with anemia secondary to chronic renal failure (CRF) using positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS: Ten anemic patients with CRF (6 females and 4 males) and 6 age-matched normal controls were studied...
February 2002: Kidney International
A Primavera, D Audenino, N Mavilio, L Cocito
OBJECTIVES: Reversible posterior leucoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) may develop in patients with renal insufficiency, hypertension, and immunosuppression, and is managed by prompt antihypertensive and anticonvulsant treatment. Four patients with renal insufficiency and fluid overload associated with Wegener's granulomatosis (one patient) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (three patients) are described, whose clinical picture and neuroimaging indicated RPLS. CASE REPORTS: All patients had headache, seizures, visual abnormalities, and transient motor deficit, and were hypertensive at the onset of the symptoms...
May 2001: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
D M Smith, E M Fortune-Faulkner, B L Spurbeck
Lupus nephritis (LN) is a complex disease. The pathophysiology involves the glomerulus and mesangium, and its manifestations are exhibited in extensive renal lesions. The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a classification system to assist clinicians in understanding the severity of renal involvement. The diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and LN can be difficult because of their often vague symptoms and the long list of differential diagnoses. However, it is important to identify LN quickly to have an impact on a patient's prognosis...
April 2000: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
C C Mok, R W Wong, C S Lau
Despite the improvement in survival of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and associated nephritis in the past 20 years, few studies of the long-term outcome of large cohorts of patients with well-defined histological classes of lupus nephropathy are available. We examined the long-term outcome of 183 patients with lupus nephritis (LN) followed up by the Division of Rheumatology at Queen Mary Hospital (Hong Kong) between 1976 and 1997. Their renal biopsies were classified according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria...
August 1999: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
E N Barton, W Williams, A G Morgan, R P Burden
Seventy ward referrals for renal disease were prospectively studied at each of two tertiary hospitals: University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI), Kingston, Jamaica and Nottingham City Hospital (NCH), England. At UHWI, the referral population was significantly younger, 89% being less than 60 years of age compared to 40% at NCH (p < 0.05). The leading cause of acute renal failure (ARF) at UHWI was systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) followed by acute tubular necrosis (ATN). The leading causes of ARF at NCH were ATN and obstructive uropathy...
December 1996: West Indian Medical Journal
R Brik, S Padeh, M Mukamel, P Navon, Y Uziel, P Kornmehl, D Taub, Y Barash
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a rare disease in children that might possibly be modulated by genetic and environmental factors. In order to delineate the characteristic features of SLE among Israeli children, we reviewed the medical records of 38 cases from 8 pediatric rheumatology clinics. All fulfilled the 1982 American Rheumatism Association revised criteria for SLE. The illness became apparent at the age of 16 years or younger and the mean age of onset was 11.9 +/- 2.4 y (range 7-16) and the mean duration of follow-up 4...
October 1995: Harefuah
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