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Twinning capacity building

Jim van Os, Simone Verhagen, Anne Marsman, Frenk Peeters, Maarten Bak, Machteld Marcelis, Marjan Drukker, Ulrich Reininghaus, Nele Jacobs, Tineke Lataster, Claudia Simons, Richel Lousberg, Sinan Gülöksüz, Carsten Leue, Peter C Groot, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Philippe Delespaul
BACKGROUND: The experience sampling method (ESM) builds an intensive time series of experiences and contexts in the flow of daily life, typically consisting of around 70 reports, collected at 8-10 random time points per day over a period of up to 10 days. METHODS: With the advent of widespread smartphone use, ESM can be used in routine clinical practice. Multiple examples of ESM data collections across different patient groups and settings are shown and discussed, varying from an ESM evaluation of a 6-week randomized trial of mindfulness, to a twin study on emotion dynamics in daily life...
June 2017: Depression and Anxiety
Francisco Pedrosa, Faisal Shaikh, Gaston Rivera, Raul Ribeiro, Ibrahim Qaddoumi
BACKGROUND: A gap in childhood cancer outcomes remains between developed and developing countries. Persistence of this gap may be caused by financial, social, or educational disparities. Twinning and distance learning initiatives may improve such disparities. Integrating telemedicine into pediatric oncology twinning programs enhances education and facilitates patient-centered capacity building. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an analysis of Web-based meetings held from August 2005 through July 2009 between the International Outreach Program at St...
October 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Yung-Chen Lin, Dongheun Kim, Zhen Li, Binh-Minh Nguyen, Nan Li, Shixiong Zhang, Jinkyoung Yoo
We report on strain-induced structural defect formation in core Si nanowires of a Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructure and the influence of the structural defects on the electrochemical performances in lithium-ion battery anodes based on Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructures. The induced structural defects consisting of stacking faults and dislocations in the core Si nanowire were observed for the first time. The generation of stacking faults in the Si/Ge core/shell nanowire heterostructure is observed to prefer settling in either only the Ge shell region or in both the Ge shell and Si core regions and is associated with the increase of the shell volume fraction...
January 19, 2017: Nanoscale
Zakiya Al Lamki
Cancer is a global health problem particularly in developing countries where the burden of cancer is ever increasing and claiming the lives of about 100,000 children under the age of 15 years every year. Majority of these occur in the Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) where 90% of world children live. Contributing factors to this trend is the reduction of communicable diseases and emergence of new infections, improvement of nutrition and socio-economic conditions, industrialization and urbanization. However, due to its complexity, childhood cancer is given the least priority by the governments' funding...
2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
Danielle Rodin, Surbhi Grover, Shekinah N Elmore, Felicia M Knaul, Rifat Atun, Lisa Caulley, Cristian A Herrera, Joshua A Jones, Aryeh J Price, Anusheel Munshi, Ajeet K Gandhi, Chiman Shah, Mary Gospodarowicz
Radiotherapy (RT) is a powerful tool for the palliation of the symptoms of advanced cancer, although access to it is limited or absent in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). There are multiple factors contributing to this, including assumptions about the economic feasibility of RT in LMICs, the logical challenges of building capacity to deliver it in those regions, and the lack of political support to drive change of this kind. It is encouraging that the problem of RT access has begun to be included in the global discourse on cancer control and that palliative care and RT have been incorporated into national cancer control plans in some LMICs...
July 2016: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Gilles Raguin
Partnerships between hospitals in high income countries and low resource countries are uniquely capable of fulfilling the tripartite needs of care, training, and research required to address health care crises in low resource countries. Of particular interest, at a time when the EBOLA crisis highlights the weaknesses of health systems in resource-poor settings, the institutional resources and expertise of hospitals can also contribute to strengthening health systems with long-term sustainability.We describe a partnership network between French Hospitals and hospitals/health structures in 19 countries that demonstrates the power and efficacy of health partnership in the response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa and south East Asia...
2016: Globalization and Health
Anthony R Fooks, Trevor W Drew, Changchun Tu
In 2009, the UK's OIE Reference Laboratory for rabies, based at the APHA in Weybridge, was awarded a project to twin with the Changchun Veterinary Research Institute in the People's Republic of China to help the institute develop the skills and methods necessary to become an OIE Reference Laboratory itself. Here, Tony Fooks, Trevor Drew and Changchun Tu describe the OIE's twinning project and the success that has since been realised in China.
March 5, 2016: Veterinary Record
Eric Coissac, Peter M Hollingsworth, Sébastien Lavergne, Pierre Taberlet
DNA barcoding has had a major impact on biodiversity science. The elegant simplicity of establishing massive scale databases for a few barcode loci is continuing to change our understanding of species diversity patterns, and continues to enhance human abilities to distinguish among species. Capitalizing on the developments of next generation sequencing technologies and decreasing costs of genome sequencing, there is now the opportunity for the DNA barcoding concept to be extended to new kinds of genomic data...
April 2016: Molecular Ecology
Asha John
This is a short reflection of four wonderful weeks spent in Nepal supporting, advocating and strengthening the existing work of the Midwifery Society of Nepal and the Global midwifery twinning project (GMTP) with the Royal College of Midwives. Although Nepal is on target to achieve reduction in its maternal mortality rate for millennium goal 5 there is still no registered protected title of 'midwife' In order to establish a strong midwifery workforce in Nepal, the three pillars that need to be highlighted are: midwifery education, midwifery regulation and professional midwifery association...
September 2015: Practising Midwife
Michael J Zyphur, Wen-Dong Li, Zhen Zhang, Richard D Arvey, Adam P Barsky
Increasing levels of financial inequality prompt questions about the relationship between income and well-being. Using a twins sample from the Survey of Midlife Development in the U. S. and controlling for personality as core self-evaluations (CSE), we found that men, but not women, had higher subjective financial well-being (SFWB) when they had higher incomes. This relationship was due to 'unshared environmental' factors rather than genes, suggesting that the effect of income on SFWB is driven by unique experiences among men...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Jessie McGowan, Sergei Muratov, Anna Tsepke, Arman Issina, Eva Slawecki, Eddy S Lang
OBJECTIVES: In a twinning partnership between the Canadian Society for International Health and Kazakhstan's Ministry of Health, a project to build capacity and a process for the adaptation and implementation of international clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) was undertaken. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A pragmatic CPG adaptation process was developed that took into consideration national and local contexts. A 15-step process ranging from topic prioritization to copyright clearance to final Ministry of Health approval was developed...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Aklilu Azazh, Lori Di Prete Brown, Roman Aydiko Ayele, Sisay Teklu, Assefu W/Tsadik, Muluwork Tefera, Tigist Bacha, Haymanot Geremew, Girma Tefera, Heidi Busse
INTRODUCTION: A Twinning Partnership between the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) and Addis Ababa University (AAU) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia was formed to strengthen the development of emergency medical services at AAU's Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASHI) through medical education and exchanges. The Twinning philosophy which emphasizes collaboration and joint learning was an ideal program in which QI program was incorporated to maximize success, promote sustainability, and reinforce basic principles for effective healthcare service delivery...
July 2014: Ethiopian Medical Journal
Muluwork Tefera, Tigist Bacha, Sabrina Butteris, Getachew Teshome, Joshua Ross, Scott Hagen, Jim Svenson, Heidi Busse, Girma Tefera
BACKGROUND: In the world emergencies occur everywhere, and each day they consume ressources regardless of whether there are systems capable of achieving good outcomes. Low-income countries suffer the most highest rates of every category of injury--from traffic and the highest rates of acute complications of communicable diseases including tuberculosis, malaria and HIV. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of pediatrics emergency medicine at Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital METHODS: A twinning partnership model was used in developing a pediatric emergency medicine training program helps in development of pediatrics emergency system...
July 2014: Ethiopian Medical Journal
Le Minh Giang, Lung Bich Ngoc, Vu Huy Hoang, Kevin Mulvey, Richard A Rawson
Drawing from published and gray literature, this manuscript focuses on the following topics: (1) changing patterns of substance use and abuse in Vietnam since the early 1990s; (2) the roles of substance use in the HIV epidemic; (3) the responses of the Vietnamese government and other entities (both domestic and international) to substance use disorders (SUDs) and HIV; and (4) the current research capacity in Vietnam and ways in which furthering research in Vietnam could enrich our knowledge of the linkages between SUDs and HIV and of effective measures to reduce their public health consequences...
December 2013: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Birgit Karin Schindler, Marta Esteban, Holger Martin Koch, Argelia Castano, Stephan Koslitz, Ana Cañas, Ludwine Casteleyn, Marike Kolossa-Gehring, Gerda Schwedler, Greet Schoeters, Elly Den Hond, Ovnair Sepai, Karen Exley, Louis Bloemen, Milena Horvat, Lisbeth E Knudsen, Anke Joas, Reinhard Joas, Pierre Biot, Dominique Aerts, Ana Lopez, Olga Huetos, Andromachi Katsonouri, Katja Maurer-Chronakis, Lucie Kasparova, Karel Vrbík, Peter Rudnai, Miklos Naray, Cedric Guignard, Marc E Fischer, Danuta Ligocka, Beata Janasik, M Fátima Reis, Sónia Namorado, Cristian Pop, Irina Dumitrascu, Katarina Halzlova, Eleonora Fabianova, Darja Mazej, Janja Snoj Tratnik, Marika Berglund, Bo Jönsson, Andrea Lehmann, Pierre Crettaz, Hanne Frederiksen, Flemming Nielsen, Helena McGrath, Ian Nesbitt, Koen De Cremer, Guido Vanermen, Gudrun Koppen, Michael Wilhelm, Kerstin Becker, Jürgen Angerer
COPHES/DEMOCOPHES has its origins in the European Environment and Health Action Plan of 2004 to "develop a coherent approach on human biomonitoring (HBM) in Europe". Within this twin-project it was targeted to collect specimens from 120 mother-child-pairs in each of the 17 participating European countries. These specimens were investigated for six biomarkers (mercury in hair; creatinine, cotinine, cadmium, phthalate metabolites and bisphenol A in urine). The results for mercury in hair are described in a separate paper...
July 2014: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Heidi Busse, Aklilu Azazh, Sisay Teklu, Janis P Tupesis, Assefu Woldetsadik, Ryan J Wubben, Girma Tefera
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality due to the lack of an organized emergency medical care system are currently high in Ethiopia. Doctors, nurses, and other medical staff often have limited or no formal training on how to handle emergencies. Because of insufficient human and resource capacity needed to assess and treat acutely ill patients, many who are injured may die unnecessarily, at the site of injury, during transport, or at the hospital. OBJECTIVES: This article describes the development of a twinning partnership between Addis Ababa University (AAU), the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW), and the nonprofit organization People to People (P2P), to strengthen emergency care at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH) and increase the number of trained emergency medical professionals...
December 2013: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Kelechi Eguzo, Brian Camazine
BACKGROUND: The burden due to cancers is an emerging public health concern especially in resource-limited countries like Nigeria. The WHO estimates that cancer kills more people than tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and malaria combined. As people in Nigeria and other developing countries are beginning to survive infectious diseases, there is an observed epidemiologic transition to chronic diseases, such as cancers. In 2008, 75 out of 1,000 Nigerians died of cancer. Despite the rising incidence and public health importance, Nigeria lacks an organized and comprehensive strategy to deal with cancers...
2013: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Burkhard O Wagner, Elham Refaat Abdel Aziz, Anja Schwetje, Fatma Abou Shouk, Juliane Koch-Jugl, Michael Braedt, Keya Choudhury, Roland Weber
The sustainable management of chemicals and their associated wastes-especially legacy stockpiles-is always challenging. Developing countries face particular difficulties as they often have insufficient treatment and disposal capacity, have limited resources and many lack an appropriate and effective regulatory framework. This paper describes the objectives and the approach of the Egyptian-German Twinning Project under the European Neighbourhood Policy to improve the strategy of managing hazardous substances in the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA) between November 2008 and May 2011...
April 2013: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Athula Sumathipala, Sisira Siribaddana, Mathew Hotopf, Peter McGuffin, Nick Glozier, Harriet Ball, Yulia Kovas, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Lalani Yatawara, Carmine Pariante, Helena Zavos, Chesmal Siriwardhana, Gayani Pannala, Kaushalya Jayaweera, Anushka Adikari, Dinesha Gunewardane
The Sri Lankan Twin Registry (SLTR), established in 1997, is a unique resource for twin and genetic research in a low- and middle-income country (LMIC). It comprises of a volunteer cohort of 14,120 twins (7,060 pairs) and 119 sets of triplets, and a population-based cohort of 19,040 (9,520 pairs) twins and 89 sets of triplets. Several studies have been conducted using this registry, including the Colombo Twin and Singleton Study (CoTaSS 1; 4,387 twins, 2,311 singletons), which have explored the prevalence and heritability of a range of psychiatric disorders as well as gene-environmental interplay...
February 2013: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Quyen D Chu, Thu Nguyen, Phuong Nguyen, Hung S Ho
"Twinning" refers to a constructive partnership between hospitals in developed and developing nations. Such an effort may contribute immensely to capacity building for the developing nation, but one of the reasons given for the lack of sustainability is cost. We share a detailed operating cost analysis of our recent experience with an institution in Vietnam. We were awarded a 1-year $54,000 grant from the Vietnam Education Foundation (VEF) to conduct a live tele-video conferencing course on the "Fundamentals of Clinical Surgery" with Thai Binh Medical University (TBMU)...
April 2012: International Surgery
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