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overweight and IDD

Lauren T Ptomey, Debra K Sullivan, Jaehoon Lee, Jeannine R Goetz, Cheryl Gibson, Joseph E Donnelly
Adolescents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are at an increased risk of obesity, with up to 55% considered overweight and 31% obese. However, there has been minimal research on weight management strategies for adolescents with IDD. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two weight loss diets, an enhanced Stop Light Diet (eSLD) and a conventional diet (CD), and to determine the feasibility of using tablet computers as a weight loss tool in overweight and obese adolescents with IDD...
January 2015: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
A Osman, B A Khalid
There is an increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus around the world associated with rapid sociocultural development and changing lifestyles. Increased prevalence of obesity, with a higher consumption of animal products and lower consumption of fruits and vegetables, increases the risk of diabetes mellitus and other chronic degenerative diseases. Insulin-dependent diabetes (IDD) is caused by insulin deficiency, whereas the main feature of non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDD) which accounts for more than 90% of diabetics, is hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance, which may eventually lead to actual insulin deficiency...
March 1994: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Lauren Ptomey, Jeannine Goetz, Jaehoon Lee, Joseph Donnelly, Debra Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted to examine diet quality of overweight and obese adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine diet quality, as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005), of overweight and obese adults with IDD. METHODS: Data were obtained from community-dwelling overweight individuals. 3-day food records were administered and completed with assistance by staff or family members and then reviewed by a dietitian...
December 1, 2013: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
J E Donnelly, R R Saunders, M Saunders, R A Washburn, D K Sullivan, C A Gibson, L T Ptomey, J R Goetz, J J Honas, J L Betts, M R Rondon, B K Smith, M S Mayo
Weight management for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) has received limited attention. Studies on weight management in this population have been conducted over short time frames, in small samples with inadequate statistical power, infrequently used a randomized design, and have not evaluated the use of emerging effective dietary strategies such as pre-packaged meals (PMs). Low energy/fat PMs may be useful in individuals with IDD as they simplify meal planning, limit undesirable food choices, teach appropriate portion sizes, are convenient and easy to prepare, and when combined with fruits and vegetables provide a high volume, low energy dense meal...
September 2013: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Libo Jiang, Xiaolei Zhang, Xuhao Zheng, Ao Ru, Xiao Ni, Yaosen Wu, Naifeng Tian, Yixing Huang, Enxing Xue, Xiangyang Wang, Huazi Xu
This research was aimed to study the mechanisms by which diabetes aggravates intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) and to discuss the relationship between autophagy and IDD in nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. Sixteen weeks after injecting streptozotocin (STZ), the intervertebral discs (IVDs) were studied by histology, Alcian blue, 1,9-dimethylmethylene blue (DMMB), immunohistochemistry, and RT-PCR to explore the IDD. The apoptosis and senescence of NP cells was investigated by terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase (TDT)-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot for caspase3, caspase8, caspase9, and p16lnk4A (increased in cellular senescence)...
May 2013: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
G Vila, M Delhaye, C Bertrand, M C Mouren-Siméoni, J J Robert
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the correlation between psychopathological disorders in type 1 insulin-dependent diabetic (IDD) children and adolescents and the occurrence of micro-angiopathic complications. METHODS: Two hundred and five IDD children (104 girls and 101 boys with a mean age of 13.4 +/- 3.5 years on inclusion) were longitudinally monitored between 1994 and 2000. Somatic complications were systematically searched for during a yearly control visit to the day hospital...
February 2, 2002: La Presse Médicale
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