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overweight and disability

Cheng-Chen Pan, Christophe Maïano, Alexandre J S Morin
BACKGROUND: Little research has looked at the associations between sex, weight status and culture, and the physical self-perceptions and body dissatisfaction of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) involved in Special Olympics (SO) sports. AIMS: To examine sex- (male vs female), weight status- (non-overweight/obese vs. overweight/obese), and culture-based (North American vs. Asian) differences in physical self-concept and body dissatisfaction among SO athletes...
March 12, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares, Alisson Fernandes Bolina, Flavia Aparecida Dias, Pollyana Cristina Dos Santos Ferreira, Nilce Maria de Freitas Santos
This study aimed to verify the association of overweight with functional disability, self-reported morbidities and quality of life (QoL) among rural elderly dwellers. This is a domestic and cross-sectional survey conducted in the rural region of a municipality of Southeast Brazil. Three hundred seventy non-overweight elderly people and 192 overweight elderly people were evaluated with the following tools: semi-structured; Katz and Lawton and scales; World Health Organization Quality of Life - BREF and World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment for Older Adults...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Gro Beate Samdal, Eivind Meland, Geir Egil Eide, Sveinung Berntsen, Eirik Abildsnes, Tonje H Stea, Thomas Mildestvedt
AIMS: We examine the characteristics of participants entering Norwegian Healthy Life Centres, their reasons for attending and whether socio-economic status, motivation, self-efficacy and social support relate to physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is part of a randomised controlled trial. Inclusion criteria are that participants should be ≥ 18 years old and able to take part in a physical activity group intervention. Exclusion criteria are severe mental illness and general learning disability...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Maribel Ramírez Torres, Roxana E Ruiz Valenzuela, Julián Esparza-Romero, Miriam T López Teros, Heliodoro Alemán-Mateo
BACKGROUND: Impaired physical performance (IPP) and physical disability (PD) are two serious public health problems in older adult populations worldwide. While studies show that changes in body composition are important risk factors for developing these conditions, there is little evidence that the fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) indices (FFMI and FMI, respectively) are associated with IPP in older men and women. This study assessed the association among FFMI, FMI, and IPP using Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) in Mexican men and women aged over 60 years...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Rosario de la Torre-Olivares, Carmen Moreno-Lorenzo, Jose Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Carmen Villaverde-Gutierrez, Adelaida Maria Castro Sánchez, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the motor disability level of ambulatory adults with overweight and cerebral palsy (CP) and to investigate the functional factors associated with weight gain in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty adults with CP were classified according to their body mass index (BMI). Mobility, physical disability, functional independence, gait and balance, gross motor function, and maximum walking speed were assessed to evaluate their physical status...
March 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Guzin Zeren Ozturk, Memet Taskın Egici, Mulazim Hussain Bukhari, Dilek Toprak
Objective: Overweight or obesity may cause many chronic illnesses. Furthermore, several studies have shown that high body mass index is associated with mortality and morbidity among the elderly. Therefore, obesity or being overweight could adversely affect the performance of activities of daily living. In this study our aim was to investigate the association between Body Mass Index and Activity of Daily Living in Homecare Patients. Method: The records of 2016 from the homecare unit of Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Lawrence O Gostin
It is staggering to observe the new normal in America: 37.9 percent of adults are obese, and 70.7 percent are either obese or overweight. One out of every five minors is obese. The real tragedy, of course, is the disability, suffering, and early death that devastates families and communities. But all of society pays, with the annual medical cost estimated at $147 billion. The causal pathways are complex, but if we drill down, sugar is a deeply consequential pathway to obesity, and the single greatest dietary source is sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
Henan Li, Glenn Fujiura, Sandra Magaña, Susan Parish
BACKGROUND: U.S. adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have poorer health status and greater risks for being overweight and obese, which are major drivers of health care expenditures in the general population. Health care expenditures and IDD have not been studied using nationally representative samples, and the impact of overweight and obesity have not been examined. AIM: Using nationally representative data, we aimed to compare the health care expenditures of not-overweight, overweight and obese U...
February 7, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
J Westley Ohman, Ahmmad A Abuirqeba, Senthil N Jayarajan, Joshua Balderman, Robert W Thompson
BACKGROUND: Body weight affects outcomes of surgical treatment for various conditions, but its effects on the treatment of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) are unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of body weight on technical and functional outcomes of surgical treatment for NTOS. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was conducted for 265 patients that underwent supraclavicular decompression for NTOS between January 1, 2014 and March 31, 2016...
February 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
T G Gaulton, L A Fleisher, M D Neuman
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with osteoarthritis and the need for joint surgery. Obese patients who undergo joint surgery may have a higher risk of morbidity compared with normal or overweight patients but less is known about their risk of postoperative disability. The primary objective of our study was to determine the association between obesity and the development of new dependence in activities of daily living within 2 years after joint surgery. METHODS: We obtained data from the Health and Retirement Study, a longitudinal survey of older Americans...
January 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Erica Gobbi, Márcia Greguol, Attilio Carraro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore possible benefits of a peer-tutored physical education programme (PTPE) in comparison with school physical education (SPE) in high school students with intellectual disability. METHOD: Nineteen students with intellectual disabilities (15 boys, mean age 17.4 ± 1.7 years) were monitored during three PTPE and three SPE classes. A factorial RM-ANOVA was used to test differences on objective measured physical activity (PA), enjoyment and exertion during the two conditions, considering participants' weight condition as independent factor...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Y Goryakin, L Suhlrie, M Cecchini
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity is a risk factor for obesity, overweight and for a number of chronic diseases. Although primary care may be an ideal setting to encourage people to do more exercise, there are still significant gaps in the literature on the effectiveness of primary care-initiated policies to promote physical activity. METHODS: In this paper, we systematically review and meta-analyse the evidence on the impact of primary care-initiated interventions to promote exercise on the body mass index and on physical activity energy expenditure levels among people at an increased risk of having potentially disabling non-communicable diseases (but healthy enough to exercise)...
January 23, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Shohei Okamoto, Tomonori Okamura, Daisuke Sugiyama, Takehito Hayakawa, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Naoko Miyagawa, Shuji Kurita, Naoyuki Takashima, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Aya Kadota, Akira Fujiyoshi, Katsuyuki Miura, Akira Okayama, Hirotsugu Ueshima
AIM: The present study aimed to clarify the association between body mass index (BMI) and the activities of daily living (ADL). Although BMI is likely to be concerned regarding the relationship with specific diseases or mortality, few studies have focused on the relationship of BMI and ADL. METHODS: A total of 3353 Japanese participants of a 22-year cohort study from 1990 to 2012 aged 45-74 years at baseline were divided into four groups according to their BMI levels: ≤18...
January 22, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Lauren T Ptomey, Felicia L Steger, Jaehoon Lee, Debra K Sullivan, Jeannine R Goetz, Jeffery J Honas, Richard A Washburn, Cheryl A Gibson, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are at risk for poor diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine whether two different weight-loss diets affect energy intake, macronutrient intake, and diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) during a 6-month weight-loss period and 12-month weight-management period, and to examine differences in energy intake, macronutrient intake, and HEI-2010 between groups...
January 6, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Hélène Pichot, Bernard Rouchon, Bruno Pereira, Martine Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing need to prevent obesity and oral diseases in adolescents worldwide, few studies have investigated the link existing between these conditions and their common risk factors. This study aims to evaluate the oral health and weight status of New Caledonian Children (aged 6,9,12 years) and to identify, amongst 12-year-olds, risk indicators that may characterize the groups of children affected by oral diseases, obesity or both diseases. METHODS: This survey evaluated in 2011-2012 the oral health and stature-weight status and related risk indicators in a national representative sample of 6, 9 and 12 years-old children in New Caledonia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Michael D Montague, Jesse T Lewis, Obadah Moushmoush, Jaiyoung Ryu
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are 16% of fractures treated by orthopedic surgeons. Obesity's influence on DRF complexity has not been studied. This study was undertaken to determine if body mass index (BMI) affects DRF pattern, treatment, and functional outcomes. METHODS: Part 1 was a retrospective review of patients who sustained a DRF after a fall from standing height with no prior reduction or treatment. Radiographs were classified as "simple" or "complex...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Raluca Elena Sandu, Danut Dumbrava, Roxana Surugiu, Daniela-Gabriela Glavan, Andrei Gresita, Eugen Bogdan Petcu
The incidence of ischemic stroke in humans increases exponentially above 70 years both in men and women. Comorbidities like diabetes, arterial hypertension or co-morbidity factors such as hypercholesterolemia, obesity and body fat distribution as well as fat-rich diet and physical inactivity are common in elderly persons and are associated with higher risk of stroke, increased mortality and disability. Obesity could represent a state of chronic inflammation that can be prevented to some extent by non-pharmaceutical interventions such as calorie restriction and hypothermia...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Francisco A Guede Rojas, Luis Javier Chirosa, Sergio Fuentealba, César A Vergara, David L Ulloa, Sergio E Salazar, Héctor A Márquez, Paola A Barboza
INTRODUCTION: Anthropometry and functional fitness (FF) are fundamental aspects for functional independence conservation of older adults (OA). However, little has been investigated in chilean OA. OBJECTIVE: To analyze anthropometric and FF characteristics of non-disabled OA. METHODS: One hundred and sixteen subjects participated in the study. It was determined the prevalence of weight categories (Body Mass Index [BMI]) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) (Waist Circumference [WC], Waist-Hip Ratio [WHR] and Waist-to-Height ratio [WHtR])...
November 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Samantha G Farris, J Graham Thomas, Ana M Abrantes, Richard B Lipton, Jelena Pavlovic, Todd A Smitherman, Megan B Irby, Donald B Penzien, Julie Roth, Kevin C O'Leary, Dale S Bond
Background Migraine is a neurological disease involving recurrent attacks of moderate-to-severe and disabling head pain. Worsening of pain with routine physical activity during attacks is a principal migraine symptom; however, the frequency, individual consistency, and correlates of this symptom are unknown. Given the potential of this symptom to undermine participation in daily physical activity, an effective migraine prevention strategy, further research is warranted. This study is the first to prospectively evaluate (a) frequency and individual consistency of physical activity-related pain worsening during migraine attacks, and (b) potential correlates, including other migraine symptoms, anthropometric characteristics, psychological symptoms, and daily physical activity...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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