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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295273/importance-of-pain-acceptance-in-relation-to-headache-disability-and-pain-interference-in-women-with-migraine-and-overweight-obesity
#1
Jason Lillis, J Graham Thomas, Elizabeth K Seng, Richard B Lipton, Jelena M Pavlović, Lucille Rathier, Julie Roth, Kevin C O'Leary, Dale S Bond
BACKGROUND: Pain acceptance involves willingness to experience pain and engaging in valued activities while pain is present. Though pain acceptance could limit both headache-related disability and pain interference in individuals with migraine, few studies have addressed this issue. This study evaluated whether higher levels of total pain acceptance and its two subcomponents, pain willingness and activity engagement, were associated with lower levels of headache-related impairment in women who had both migraine and overweight/obesity...
March 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277392/impaired-kidney-function-and-associated-factors-among-rural-adults-with-disabilities-in-taiwan
#2
Chu-Yeh Chen, Wen-Nan Chiu, Yu-Chen Lin, Sui-Hwi Jane, Hsin-Hung Chiang, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: The results of numerous studies indicate that people with disabilities seek more healthcare than those who are not disabled, particularly for conditions such as chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. However, little is known about the incidence of impaired kidney function and its associated factors among adults with disabilities in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and factors associated with impaired kidney function among adults with disabilities...
April 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263374/determinants-of-dropout-and-nonadherence-in-a-dementia-prevention-randomized-controlled-trial-the-prevention-of-dementia-by-intensive-vascular-care-trial
#3
Cathrien R L Beishuizen, Nicola Coley, Eric P Moll van Charante, Willem A van Gool, Edo Richard, Sandrine Andrieu
OBJECTIVES: To explore and compare sociodemographic, clinical, and neuropsychiatric determinants of dropout and nonadherence in older people participating in an open-label cluster-randomized controlled trial-the Prevention of Dementia by Intensive Vascular care (preDIVA) trial-over 6 years. DESIGN: Secondary analysis. SETTING: One hundred sixteen general practices in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 70 to 78 (N = 2,994)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252367/the-economic-consequences-of-obesity-and-overweight-among-adults-in-quebec
#4
Chantal Blouin, Denis Hamel, Nathalie Vandal, Amadou Diogo Barry, Ernest Lo, Guy Lacroix, Johanne Laguë, Marie-France Langlois, Sylvie Martel, Pierre-Carl Michaud, Louis Pérusse
OBJECTIVES: This article presents the first study of the economic consequences of obesity and overweight in the Canadian province of Quebec. The article examines three types of direct costs: hospitalizations, medical visits and drug consumption; and one type of indirect cost: productivity loss due to disability. METHODS: The National Population Health Survey, conducted in all Canadian provinces by Statistics Canada between 1994 and 2011, provides self-reported longitudinal data for body mass index and the frequency of health care utilization and disability...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244554/body-mass-index-and-its-relationship-with-disability-chronic-diseases-and-frailty-in-older-people-a-comparison-of-the-lipschitz-and-who-classifications
#5
F P A S Pessanha, L P Lustosa, J A O Carneiro, K Pfrimer, P G Fassini, N M C Alves, T L Pontes, J C Moriguti, N K C Lima, E Ferriolli
BACKGROUND: Anthropometric parameters are closely associated with the pathophysiology of frailty and with clinic and functional parameters assessed for its diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible association of the nutritional status of older people as assessed by Body Mass Index (BMI) and functional disability, self-reported chronic diseases and frailty, comparing the use of two different classifications of BMI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244552/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-community-dwelling-chilean-elders-according-to-an-adapted-version-of-the-european-working-group-on-sarcopenia-in-older-people-ewgsop-criteria
#6
L Lera, C Albala, H Sánchez, B Angel, M J Hormazabal, C Márquez, P Arroyo
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is the progressive loss of mass and skeletal muscle strength and has serious consequences on older people's health. The Chilean older population has a high life-expectancy, but the prevalence of functional dependence is also high. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of sarcopenia in Chilean older adults and its relationship with age, gender, and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220042/healthy-obesity-and-risk-of-accelerated-functional-decline-and-disability
#7
J A Bell, S Sabia, A Singh-Manoux, M Hamer, M Kivimäki
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Some obese adults have a normal metabolic profile and are considered 'healthy', but whether they experience faster ageing than healthy normal-weight adults is unknown. We compared decline in physical function, worsening of bodily pain and likelihood of future mobility limitation and disability between these groups. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a population-based observational study using repeated measures over 2 decades (Whitehall II cohort data)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215627/caregivers-effect-on-weight-management-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#8
L T Ptomey, C A Gibson, J Lee, D K Sullivan, R A Washburn, A M Gorczyca, J E Donnelly
INTRODUCTION: Caregivers of adults with IDD often play a large role in the ability of adults with IDD to lose weight. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine to examine the effects of the caregivers' perceived burdens and self-efficacy and their relationship to an individual (family member or paid staff) on weight changes across a weight management intervention for adults with IDD. METHODS: Overweight/obese adults with mild to moderate IDD, along with assigned caregivers who served as their study partner, were randomized to an 18-month weight management intervention...
February 12, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205295/validity-of-proxy-reported-height-and-weight-to-derive-body-mass-index-in-adults-participating-in-special-olympics
#9
Kristin Dobranowski, Meghann Lloyd, Pierre Côté, Robert Balogh
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are common in adults with intellectual disabilities, which complicates their health. To meet their health needs, individuals with intellectual disability frequently rely on proxies to answer questions on their behalf. In the general population, the use of proxy-reported height and weight to compute body mass index (BMI) has been validated, but not among adults with intellectual disability. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of proxy-reported height, weight and derived BMI among adults with intellectual disability...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125943/a-comparison-of-physical-activity-physical-fitness-levels-bmi-and-blood-pressure-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability-who-do-and-do-not-take-part-in-special-olympics-ireland-programmes
#10
Denise Walsh, Sarahjane Belton, Sarah Meegan, Kirsty Bowers, Deidre Corby, Anthony Staines, Treasa McVeigh, Michael McKeon, Edel Hoey, Dominic Trépel, Peter Griffin, Mary Rose Sweeney
People with an intellectual disability are less physically active, live more sedentary lives, have lower fitness levels and are more likely to be overweight or obese than the general population. No evidence exists on the impact of participation in Special Olympics Ireland (SOI) on physical activity and physical fitness levels. Adults with intellectual disabilities (16-64 years) were recruited from services and SOI clubs. Physical measures included waist circumference, height, weight, blood pressure, heart rate and 6-min walking test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125441/impact-of-elevated-body-mass-index-and-obesity-on-long-term-surgical-outcomes-for-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-analysis-of-a-combined-prospective-dataset
#11
Jefferson R Wilson, Lindsay A Tetreault, Gregory Schroeder, James S Harrop, Srinivas Prasad, Alex Vaccaro, Christopher Kepler, Ashwini Sharan, Michael G Fehlings
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of a combined prospective dataset. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of preoperative body mass index (BMI) on surgical outcomes in degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although elevated BMI has been shown to have a deleterious impact on outcomes after lumbar spine surgery, limited evidence is available regarding its impact in DCM. METHODS: Analyses were completed using a combined North American/International prospective surgical DCM dataset from 26 participating centers...
February 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064148/community-weight-loss-to-combat-obesity-and-disability-in-at-risk-older-adults
#12
W Jack Rejeski, Walter T Ambrosius, Jonathan H Burdette, Michael P Walkup, Anthony P Marsh
BACKGROUND: Among older, overweight, and obese adults with either cardiovascular disease or the metabolic syndrome, reduced mobility and loss of leg strength are important risk factors for morbidity, disability, and mortality. It is unclear whether community-based approaches to weight loss may be an effective solution to this public health challenge. METHODS: An 18-month three-site, randomized controlled trial conducted by YMCA staff, with blinded assessors, enrolled 249 older, overweight, and obese adults with either cardiovascular disease or metabolic syndrome with randomization to three interventions: weight loss alone (WL), weight loss + aerobic training (WL + AT), and weight loss + resistance training (WT + RT)...
January 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046205/dietary-advice-interventions-in-pregnancy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. With an increasing prevalence worldwide, there is a need to assess strategies, including dietary advice interventions, that might prevent GDM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of dietary advice interventions for preventing GDM and associated adverse health outcomes for women and their babies...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004412/conceptualization-of-physical-exercise-and-keeping-fit-by-child-wheelchair-users-and-their-parents
#14
Jane Noyes, Llinos Haf Spencer, Nathan Bray, Hans-Peter Kubis, Richard P Hastings, Matthew Jackson, Thomas D O'Brien
AIM: To gain a better understanding of how children aged 6-18 years who use wheelchairs and their families conceptualized physical exercise and keeping fit. BACKGROUND: Disabled children with reduced mobility are commonly overweight and unfit. Nurse-led health screening programmes in schools commonly exclude disabled children if they cannot use standard weighing scales or stand against height measuring sticks. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study at two time points over 6 months with children who use wheelchairs and their families...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999659/the-effect-of-obesity-on-treatment-outcomes-for-low-back-pain
#15
Stanley C Ewald, Eric L Hurwitz, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of obesity, as measured by body mass index (BMI), on treatment outcomes for low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Data from the University of California, Los Angeles, and Friendly Hills Healthcare Network low back pain study (collected from 1995 to 2000) were used to perform a secondary data analysis of this randomized clinical trial on adults who sought care for LBP. BMI was the primary predictor variable...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966068/body-mass-does-not-impact-the-clinical-response-to-intravenous-abatacept-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-analysis-from-the-pan-european-registry-collaboration-for-abatacept-panaba
#16
Florenzo Iannone, Delphine S Courvoisier, Jacques Eric Gottenberg, Maria Victoria Hernandez, Elisabeth Lie, Helena Canhão, Karel Pavelka, Merete Lund Hetland, Carl Turesson, Xavier Mariette, Denis Choquette, Axel Finckh
Some evidences suggest that obesity impairs the effectiveness of TNF inhibitors. We examined the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the clinical effectiveness of abatacept in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. This is a pooled analysis of 10 prospective cohorts of RA patients. All patients with available BMI were included in this study. The primary endpoint was drug retention of abatacept in the different BMI categories. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for drug discontinuation...
December 14, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914305/effectiveness-of-a-cross-circuit-exercise-training-program-in-improving-the-fitness-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-enrolled-in-special-education-schools
#17
Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Fen Yang, I-Hua Chu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
This study assessed the effects of a cross-circuit training intervention program on the body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and muscular strength endurance of overweight or obese students with intellectual disability. A total of 43 students with intellectual disability (aged 13-19 years) were enrolled in this program; 28 overweight/obese students were assigned to either an obesity-control group (n=14) or obesity-exercise group (n=14), and those with normal weight were assigned to a normal weight group (n=15)...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904027/retinal-vascular-changes-and-prospective-risk-of-disabling-dementia-the-circulatory-risk-in-communities-study-circs
#18
Hiroshige Jinnouchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Masahiko Kiyama, Hironori Imano, Takeo Okada, Renzhe Cui, Mitsumasa Umesawa, Isao Muraki, Mina Hayama-Terada, Ryo Kawasaki, Tomoko Sankai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hiroyasu Iso
AIM: To investigate the association of retinal vascular changes with a risk of dementia in longitudinal population-based study. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study of 3,718 persons, aged 40-89 years, enrolled between 1983 and 2004. Retinal vascular changes were observed in 351 cases with disabling dementia (average period before the onset, 11.2 years) and in 702 controls matched for sex, age, and baseline year. Incidence of disabling dementia was defined as individuals who received cares for disabilities including dementia-related symptoms and/or behavioral disturbance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888564/communicating-with-children-and-families-about-obesity-and-weight-related-topics-a-scoping-review-of-best-practices
#19
REVIEW
A C McPherson, J Hamilton, S Kingsnorth, T J Knibbe, M Peters, J A Swift, K Krog, L Chen, A Steinberg, G D C Ball
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have called for direction on how best to communicate about weight-related topics with children and families. Established scoping review methodology was used to answer the question: 'How can healthcare professionals best communicate with children and their families about obesity and weight-related topics?' METHODS: We searched four scientific databases, two grey literature repositories and 14 key journals (2005-2016). Inclusion criteria were (i) children up to and including 18 years of age and/or their parents; (ii) communication about healthy weight, overweight, obesity or healthy/active living; and (iii) healthcare setting...
November 26, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880969/the-prevalence-of-cruciate-ligament-and-meniscus-knee-injury-in-young-adults-and-associations-with-gender-body-mass-index-and-height-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ran Thein, Oded Hershkovich, Barak Gordon, Gideon Burstein, Shay Tenebaum, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamis, Arnon Afek, Yitshak Kreiss
Anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal injuries are associated with secondary osteoarthrosis which may lead to functional impairment and economic burden. The prevalence of knee injury has not been studied in depth. Our purpose was to report the prevalence of knee ligament and meniscal injuries and their associations with gender, body mass index (BMI), and height in young adults and to characterize individuals with meniscal injuries who gained full recovery. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
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