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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356340/overweight-or-underweight-and-the-risk-of-decline-in-activities-of-daily-living-in-a-22-year-cohort-study-of-a-japanese-sample
#1
Shohei Okamoto, Tomonori Okamura, Daisuke Sugiyama, Takehito Hayakawa, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Naoko Miyagawa, Shuji Kurita, Naoyuki Takashima, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Aya Kadota, Akira Fujiyoshi, Katsuyuki Miura, Akira Okayama, Hirotsugu Ueshima
AIM: The present study aimed to clarify the association between body mass index (BMI) and the activities of daily living (ADL). Although BMI is likely to be concerned regarding the relationship with specific diseases or mortality, few studies have focused on the relationship of BMI and ADL. METHODS: A total of 3353 Japanese participants of a 22-year cohort study from 1990 to 2012 aged 45-74 years at baseline were divided into four groups according to their BMI levels: ≤18...
January 22, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311038/changes-in-energy-intake-and-diet-quality-during-an-18-month-weight-management-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#2
Lauren T Ptomey, Felicia L Steger, Jaehoon Lee, Debra K Sullivan, Jeannine R Goetz, Jeffery J Honas, Richard A Washburn, Cheryl A Gibson, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are at risk for poor diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine whether two different weight-loss diets affect energy intake, macronutrient intake, and diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) during a 6-month weight-loss period and 12-month weight-management period, and to examine differences in energy intake, macronutrient intake, and HEI-2010 between groups...
January 6, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310621/common-risk-indicators-for-oral-diseases-and-obesity-in-12-year-olds-a-south-pacific-cross-sectional-study
#3
Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Hélène Pichot, Bernard Rouchon, Bruno Pereira, Martine Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing need to prevent obesity and oral diseases in adolescents worldwide, few studies have investigated the link existing between these conditions and their common risk factors. This study aims to evaluate the oral health and weight status of New Caledonian Children (aged 6,9,12 years) and to identify, amongst 12-year-olds, risk indicators that may characterize the groups of children affected by oral diseases, obesity or both diseases. METHODS: This survey evaluated in 2011-2012 the oral health and stature-weight status and related risk indicators in a national representative sample of 6, 9 and 12 years-old children in New Caledonia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308672/distal-radius-fractures-does-obesity-affect-fracture-pattern-treatment-and-functional-outcomes
#4
Michael D Montague, Jesse T Lewis, Obadah Moushmoush, Jaiyoung Ryu
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are 16% of fractures treated by orthopedic surgeons. Obesity's influence on DRF complexity has not been studied. This study was undertaken to determine if body mass index (BMI) affects DRF pattern, treatment, and functional outcomes. METHODS: Part 1 was a retrospective review of patients who sustained a DRF after a fall from standing height with no prior reduction or treatment. Radiographs were classified as "simple" or "complex...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286319/cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-non-pharmaceutical-ischemic-stroke-therapy-in-aged-subjects
#5
REVIEW
Raluca Elena Sandu, Danut Dumbrava, Roxana Surugiu, Daniela-Gabriela Glavan, Andrei Gresita, Eugen Bogdan Petcu
The incidence of ischemic stroke in humans increases exponentially above 70 years both in men and women. Comorbidities like diabetes, arterial hypertension or co-morbidity factors such as hypercholesterolemia, obesity and body fat distribution as well as fat-rich diet and physical inactivity are common in elderly persons and are associated with higher risk of stroke, increased mortality and disability. Obesity could represent a state of chronic inflammation that can be prevented to some extent by non-pharmaceutical interventions such as calorie restriction and hypothermia...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280646/-anthropometric-characteristics-and-functional-fitness-of-chilean-community-dwelling-older-adults
#6
Francisco A Guede Rojas, Luis Javier Chirosa, Sergio Fuentealba, César A Vergara, David L Ulloa, Sergio E Salazar, Héctor A Márquez, Paola A Barboza
INTRODUCTION: Anthropometry and functional fitness (FF) are fundamental aspects for functional independence conservation of older adults (OA). However, little has been investigated in chilean OA. OBJECTIVE: To analyze anthropometric and FF characteristics of non-disabled OA. METHODS: One hundred and sixteen subjects participated in the study. It was determined the prevalence of weight categories (Body Mass Index [BMI]) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) (Waist Circumference [WC], Waist-Hip Ratio [WHR] and Waist-to-Height ratio [WHtR])...
November 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237284/pain-worsening-with-physical-activity-during-migraine-attacks-in-women-with-overweight-obesity-a-prospective-evaluation-of-frequency-consistency-and-correlates
#7
Samantha G Farris, J Graham Thomas, Ana M Abrantes, Richard B Lipton, Jelena Pavlovic, Todd A Smitherman, Megan B Irby, Donald B Penzien, Julie Roth, Kevin C O'Leary, Dale S Bond
Background Migraine is a neurological disease involving recurrent attacks of moderate-to-severe and disabling head pain. Worsening of pain with routine physical activity during attacks is a principal migraine symptom; however, the frequency, individual consistency, and correlates of this symptom are unknown. Given the potential of this symptom to undermine participation in daily physical activity, an effective migraine prevention strategy, further research is warranted. This study is the first to prospectively evaluate (a) frequency and individual consistency of physical activity-related pain worsening during migraine attacks, and (b) potential correlates, including other migraine symptoms, anthropometric characteristics, psychological symptoms, and daily physical activity...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#8
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219759/does-the-obesity-paradox-predict-functional-outcome-in-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#9
Neha S Dangayach, Harpreet Singh Grewal, Gian Marco De Marchis, Roberta K Sefcik, Rachel Bruce, Aarti Chhatlani, E Sander Connolly, M Cristina Falo, Sachin Agarwal, Jan Claassen, J Michael Schmidt, Stephan A Mayer
OBJECTIVE Being overweight or mildly obese has been associated with a decreased risk of death or hospitalization in patients with cardiovascular disease. Similarly, overweight patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) have improved survival up to 1 year after admission. These counterintuitive observations are examples of the "obesity paradox." Does the obesity paradox exist in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)? In this study the authors examined whether there was an association between obesity and functional outcome in patients with ICH...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211262/body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-of-latin-american-adult-athletes-with-intellectual-disability
#10
John T Foley, Meghann Lloyd, Lesley Turner, Viviene A Temple
OBJECTIVES: To examine both body mass index (BMI) status and waist circunference (WC) in a large international sample of adult Special Olympics participants from Latin America. It also explored the association of age and sex with obesity in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMI and WC records from a total of 4174 (2683 male and 1491 female) participant records from the Special Olympics International Health Promotion database were examined. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was quite high (i...
July 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209020/a-genotype-first-approach-identifies-an-intellectual-disability-overweight-syndrome-caused-by-phip-haploinsufficiency
#11
Sandra Jansen, Alexander Hoischen, Bradley P Coe, Gemma L Carvill, Hilde Van Esch, Daniëlle G M Bosch, Ulla A Andersen, Carl Baker, Marijke Bauters, Raphael A Bernier, Bregje W van Bon, Hedi L Claahsen-van der Grinten, Jozef Gecz, Christian Gilissen, Lucia Grillo, Anna Hackett, Tjitske Kleefstra, David Koolen, Malin Kvarnung, Martin J Larsen, Carlo Marcelis, Fiona McKenzie, Marie-Lorraine Monin, Caroline Nava, Janneke H Schuurs-Hoeijmakers, Rolph Pfundt, Marloes Steehouwer, Servi J C Stevens, Connie T Stumpel, Fleur Vansenne, Mirella Vinci, Maartje van de Vorst, Petra de Vries, Kali Witherspoon, Joris A Veltman, Han G Brunner, Heather C Mefford, Corrado Romano, Lisenka E L M Vissers, Evan E Eichler, Bert B A de Vries
Genotype-first combined with reverse phenotyping has shown to be a powerful tool in human genetics, especially in the era of next generation sequencing. This combines the identification of individuals with mutations in the same gene and linking these to consistent (endo)phenotypes to establish disease causality. We have performed a MIP (molecular inversion probe)-based targeted re-sequencing study in 3,275 individuals with intellectual disability (ID) to facilitate a genotype-first approach for 24 genes previously implicated in ID...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188882/nutrient-intake-during-diet-induced-weight-loss-and-exercise-interventions-in-a-randomized-trial-in-older-overweight-and-obese-adults
#12
G D Miller, D P Beavers, D Hamm, S L Mihalko, S P Messier
OBJECTIVES: Dietary restriction in obese older adults undergoing weight loss may exacerbate nutrient deficiencies common in this group; the nutritional health of older adults is a factor in their quality of life, disability, and mortality. This study examined the effect of an 18-month weight loss program based in social cognitive theory incorporating partial meal replacements, on nutrient intake in older overweight and obese adults. DESIGN: The following analysis is from the Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) trial, a single-blind, randomized controlled trial...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175884/epidemiology-of-obesity-and-overweight-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Sibhatu Biadgilign, Tennyson Mgutshini, Demewoz Haile, Bereket Gebremichael, Yonatan Moges, Kelemu Tilahun
INTRODUCTION: Globally, overweight and obesity were estimated to cause 3.4 million deaths, 3.9% of years of life lost and 3.8% of disability-adjusted life years in 2010. Despite the fact that obesity and overweight is a problem of high-income countries, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), in particular urban settings of sub-Saharan African countries, face the challenge of an increasing trend. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis will be to determine the prevalence of obesity and overweight individuals in sub-Saharan Africa and to help guide policy planners in the decision-making process for the increase in non-communicable diseases in Africa...
November 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160901/dietary-advanced-glycation-end-products-have-sex-and-age-dependent-effects-on-vertebral-bone-microstructure-and-mechanical-function-in-mice
#14
Svenja Illien-Jünger, Paolo Palacio-Mancheno, William F Kindschuh, Xue Chen, Grazyna E Sroga, Deepak Vashishth, James C Iatridis
Back pain is a leading cause of global disability that can arise from vertebral fracture and osteoporosis. While poor general health and obesity are among the strongest risk factors for back pain, there is remarkably little known about how diet influences spinal diseases. Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) are implicated in increased fracture risk, yet no studies investigated how dietary AGEs affect spinal health. We tested the hypothesis that high dietary AGE ingestion will diminish vertebral structure and function in a sex- and age-dependent manner...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126897/self-efficacy-and-physical-activity-among-adults-with-visual-impairments
#15
Justin A Haegele, T Nicole Kirk, Xihe Zhu
BACKGROUND: According to empirical evidence, adults with visual impairments are generally less physically active than their sighted peers, however less is known about what specific motivational factors influence physical activity participation among this population. While research has identified self-efficacy as one important motivational factor for physical activity, no previous research has examined this association among individuals with visual impairments. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of the current study was to examine the association between self-efficacy and physical activity for adults with visual impairments...
October 31, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117264/obesity-and-the-burden-of-health-risks-among-the-elderly-in-ghana-a-population-study
#16
Godfred O Boateng, Ellis A Adams, Mavis Odei Boateng, Isaac N Luginaah, Mary-Margaret Taabazuing
BACKGROUND: The causes and health risks associated with obesity in young people have been extensively documented, but elderly obesity is less well understood, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the relationship between obesity and the risk of chronic diseases, cognitive impairment, and functional disability among the elderly in Ghana. It highlights the social and cultural dimensions of elderly obesity and discusses the implications of related health risks using a socio-ecological model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107176/the-effects-of-multi-component-weight-management-interventions-on-weight-loss-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Leanne Harris, Craig Melville, Heather Murray, Catherine Hankey
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities have been shown to experience higher rates of obesity in comparison to the general population. AIM: To examine the effectiveness of randomised controlled trials of multi-component weight management interventions for adults with intellectual disabilities and overweight/obesity. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A systematic search of six electronic databases was conducted from database inception to January 2016...
October 27, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077624/correlates-of-a-recent-history-of-disabling-low-back-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-persons-the-pain-in-the-elderly-painel-study
#18
Luciana A C Machado, Joana U Viana, Sílvia L A da Silva, Flávia G P Couto, Liliane P Mendes, Paulo H Ferreira, Manuela L Ferreira, João M D Dias, Rosângela C Dias
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlates of a recent history of disabling low back pain (LBP) in older persons. METHODS: The PAINEL Study was derived from the FIBRA Network Study. Data were collected through face-to-face/telephone interviews and clinical examination. A series of logistic regressions assessed associations between a recent history of disabling LBP and sociodemographic, physical/lifestyle and psychological factors. RESULTS: Of the 378 community-dwelling elders included in the study (age 75...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072425/a-numerical-investigation-into-the-effects-of-overweight-and-obesity-on-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Changjiang Wang, Yuan Guo, Junfen Shi, Weiyi Chen
Overweight and obesity increase risks of knee osteoarthritis, which is a major cause of disability. Severe knee osteoarthritis can be treated by knee arthroplasty. Total knee arthroplasty has been used in overweight and obese patients; however, clinical reports showed that the outcome of this group of patients was not good as normal-weight patients. Two computer models were created in this paper to simulate the effect of excess loads on the distal femoral bone and contact pressures in total knee arthroplasty during a gait cycle...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065570/a-numerical-investigation-into-the-effects-of-overweight-and-obesity-on-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Changjiang Wang, Yuan Guo, Junfen Shi, Weiyi Chen
Overweight and obesity increase risks of knee osteoarthritis, which is a major cause of disability. Severe knee osteoarthritis can be treated by knee arthroplasty. Total knee arthroplasty has been used in overweight and obese patients; however, clinical reports showed that the outcome of this group of patients was not good as normal-weight patients. Two computer models were created in this paper to simulate the effect of excess loads on the distal femoral bone and contact pressures in total knee arthroplasty during a gait cycle...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
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