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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548585/dietary-assesment-of-free-living-elderly-spanish-people-with-disabilities
#1
M Lozano, J M Ramada, J Peiró, A Frígola, M J Esteve
Nutritional research in elderly disabled is difficult in noninstitutionalized people. The dietary intake of a noninstitutionalized disabled population of the eastern region of Spain was evaluated to detect possible nutritional deviations. A total of 329 participants aged 65 and over were recruited. Most participants were overweight. Carbohydrates did not reach 50% of total Kcal/day. Insufficient micronutrient intakes and high consumption of simple carbohydrates and saturated fats (SFA) were found. A decreasing trend of water intake (p < ...
May 26, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544175/prevalence-and-potential-factors-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-status-in-adults-with-intellectual-developmental-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Sobhana Ranjan, Jennifer A Nasser, Kathleen Fisher
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of being overweight and obese is increasing not just in the general population but also in individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Therefore, a need to identify factors contributing to overweight/obesity arises as this population is escalating. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This narrative review article summarizes pertinent research focusing on prevalence and the potential factors associated with overweight and obesity in adults with intellectual disability during the past decade...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544066/type-2-diabetes-and-glucose-intolerance-in-a-population-with-intellectual-disabilities-the-stop-diabetes-cross-sectional-screening-study
#3
A J Dunkley, F Tyrer, L J Gray, S Bhaumik, R Spong, Y Chudasama, S-A Cooper, S Ganghadaran, M Davies, K Khunti
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) may be at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, due to lifestyle factors, medications and other diagnosed conditions. Currently, there is lack of evidence on prevalence and prevention in this population. The aim of this study was to conduct a diabetes screening programme to determine prevalence of previously undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose regulation in people with ID. METHODS: Screening was conducted in a variety of community settings in Leicestershire, UK...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538853/-social-programs-and-reducing-obesity-in-peru-reflections-from-the-research
#4
Francisco Diez-Canseco, Lorena Saavedra-Garcia
In recent decades, overweight or obesity have increased dramatically in middle- and low-income countries; a situation which consolidates chronic non-communicable diseases (NCD) as one of the leading causes of mortality and disability worldwide. Currently, half the people in Peru over the age of 15 years are overweight, and one fifth suffer from obesity. The situation is worsening and increasingly affects people in poverty, who frequently benefit from food supplement programs designed to combat food insecurity and malnutrition...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538598/the-need-for-multidimensional-stratification-of-chronic-low-back-pain-lbp
#5
Yoga Raja Rampersaud, Andrew Bidos, Caroline Fanti, Anthony V Perruccio
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of Canadian LBP patients seeking primary care. OBJECTIVE: Determine which existing primary care LBP stratification schema is associated with distinct sub-populations as characterized by easily identifiable primary epidemiological factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Low back pain (LBP) is among the most frequent reasons for visits to primary care physicians and a leading cause of years lived with disability...
May 22, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530065/-the-relationship-between-overweight-obesity-and-knee-osteoarthritis
#6
REVIEW
Tal Frenkel Rutenberg, Michael Drexler
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in the western world is growing, and with it there is a growing number of patients with osteoarthritis, a condition that leads to pain and disability. The association between body weight and osteoarthritis is mediated by both mechanical and humeral factors such as growth factors, hormones and mediators of the immune system. This review will present the mechanisms which lead to osteoarthritis, and will discuss available treatments which are suitable for the overweight and obese population, along with promising emerging new treatments...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500085/the-most-common-vices-of-men-can-damage-fertility-and-the-health-of-the-next-generation
#7
Tod Fullston, Nicole O McPherson, Deirdre Zander-Fox, Michelle Lane
There is growing evidence from animal and human studies that demonstrate that acquired paternal traits can impair both a male's fertility and the health of his offspring, including advanced age, smoking, stress, trauma, under-nutrition, infection, toxin exposure, and obesity. Curiously, many of these factors manifest as impaired neurological, behavioural, and/or metabolic functioning in offspring. The underlying molecular mechanisms that respond to the paternal environment and act as vectors of intergenerational transmission are beginning to emerge...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462694/obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-affects-the-cholinergic-transmission-and-cognitive-functions
#8
Martinelli Ilenia, Tomassoni Daniele, Moruzzi Michele, Traini Enea, Seyed Khosrow Tayebati
Worldwide, at least 2.8 million people die each year as a result of being overweight or obese, that causes about 35.8 million (2.3%) of global Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALYs). Obesity leads to metabolic syndrome, a pathological condition characterized by adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides and insulin resistance. Population-based investigations have suggested that obesity and metabolic syndrome may be associated with poorer cognitive performance and could be considered a possible risk factor for vascular Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease...
April 28, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449347/caregiving-for-older-adults-with-obesity-in-the-united-states
#9
Claire K Ankuda, John Harris, Katherine Ornstein, Deborah A Levine, Kenneth M Langa, Amy S Kelley
OBJECTIVES: To determine the difference in receipt of activity of daily living (ADL) assistance between obese and normal-weight older adults. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: National Health and Aging Trends Study, 2011-2015. PARTICIPANTS: U.S. adults aged 65 and older with ADL disability and a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5 kg/m(2) or greater (N = 5,612) MEASUREMENTS: BMI was classified as normal weight (18...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443804/25-oh-d-levels-in-relation-to-gender-overweight-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-a-cross-sectional-cohort-of-northern-italian-workers-evidence-in-support-of-preventive-health-care-programs
#10
Luisella Vigna, Letizia Cassinelli, Amedea Silvia Tirelli, Irene Felicetta, Filomena Napolitano, Laura Tomaino, Michela Mutti, Claudia Eleonora Barberi, Luciano Riboldi
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the welfare of workers and the prevention of chronic disabling diseases has become a topic of great interest. This study investigates serum levels of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in a cohort of overweight-obese and insulin-resistant northern Italian indoor workers in apparent good health followed a nutritional education program. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study on 385 patients (females = 291, males = 94), age range 18-69 years and body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m(2), was performed at the Department of Occupational Medicine Milan, Italy, latitude 45...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427374/prenatal-determinants-of-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adolescence-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1986-study
#11
Marjaana Tikanmäki, Tuija Tammelin, Marja Vääräsmäki, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Satu Miettola, Anneli Pouta, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Eero Kajantie
BACKGROUND: Lower levels of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are key risk factors of chronic adult diseases. Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness are predicted by birth weight, but the underlying parental and pregnancy-related factors remain largely unknown. We examined how prenatal determinants are associated with physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescence. METHODS: Of the 16-year-old members of the population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (NFBC 1986), 6682 singletons with no major physical disability reported their amount of physical activity outside school hours, and 4706 completed a submaximal cycle ergometer test assessing cardiorespiratory fitness...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419637/self-reported-prevalence-description-and-management-of-pain-in-adults-with-haemophilia-methods-demographics-and-results-from-the-pain-functional-impairment-and-quality-of-life-p-fiq-study
#12
M Witkop, A Neff, T W Buckner, M Wang, K Batt, C M Kessler, D Quon, L Boggio, M Recht, K Baumann, R Z Gut, D L Cooper, C L Kempton
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilia is characterized by frequent haemarthrosis, leading to acute/chronic joint pain. AIM: To assess self-reported prevalence, description and management of pain in adult males with mild-to-severe haemophilia and history of joint pain/bleeding. METHODS: Participants completed a pain survey and five patient-reported outcome instruments assessing pain, functional impairment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). RESULTS: Of 381 participants enrolled, median age was 34 years; 77% had haemophilia A, 71% had severe disease and 65% were overweight/obese...
April 16, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410138/clinical-functional-behavioural-and-epigenomic-biomarkers-of-obesity
#13
Claudio L Lafortuna, Armando R Tovar, Fabio Rastelli, Sarah A Tabozzi, Martina Caramenti, Ximena Orozco-Ruiz, Miriam Aguilar-Lopez, Martha Guevara-Cruz, Azalia Avila-Nava, Nimbe Torres, Gloria Bertoli
Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent conditions worldwide, linked to an increased risk for death, disability and disease due to metabolic and biochemical abnormalities affecting the biological human system throughout different domains. Biomarkers, defined as indicators of biological processes in health and disease, relevant for body mass excess management have been identified according to different criteria, including anthropometric and molecular indexes, as well as physiological and behavioural aspects...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381510/physical-activity-but-not-body-mass-index-predicts-less-disability-before-and-after-stroke
#14
Pamela M Rist, Benjamin D Capistrant, Elizabeth Rose Mayeda, Sze Y Liu, M Maria Glymour
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether physical activity and body mass index (BMI) predict instrumental or basic activities of daily living (I/ADL) trajectories before or after stroke compared to individuals who remained stroke-free. METHODS: Using a prospective cohort, the Health and Retirement Study, we followed adults without a history of stroke in 1998 (n = 18,117) for up to 14 years. We estimated linear regression models of I/ADL trajectories comparing individuals who remained stroke-free throughout follow-up (n = 16,264), those who survived stroke (n = 1,374), and those who died after stroke and before the next interview wave (n = 479)...
May 2, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381227/social-determinants-of-breast-cancer-in-the-caribbean-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Catherine R Brown, Ian R Hambleton, Shawn M Hercules, Miriam Alvarado, Nigel Unwin, Madhuvanti M Murphy, E Nigel Harris, Rainford Wilks, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan, Natasha Sobers-Grannum
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in the Caribbean and accounts for >1 million disability adjusted life years. Little is known about the social inequalities of this disease in the Caribbean. In support of the Rio Political Declaration on addressing health inequities, this article presents a systematic review of evidence on the distribution, by social determinants, of breast cancer risk factors, frequency, and adverse outcomes in Caribbean women...
April 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357702/lower-inhibitory-control-interacts-with-greater-pain-catastrophizing-to-predict-greater-pain-intensity-in-women-with-migraine-and-overweight-obesity
#16
Rachel Galioto, Kevin C O'Leary, J Graham Thomas, Kathryn Demos, Richard B Lipton, John Gunstad, Jelena M Pavlović, Julie Roth, Lucille Rathier, Dale S Bond
BACKGROUND: Pain catastrophizing (PC) is associated with more severe and disabling migraine attacks. However, factors that moderate this relationship are unknown. Failure of inhibitory control (IC), or the ability to suppress automatic or inappropriate responses, may be one such factor given previous research showing a relationship between higher PC and lower IC in non-migraine samples, and research showing reduced IC in migraine. Therefore, we examined whether lower IC interacts with increased PC to predict greater migraine severity as measured by pain intensity, attack frequency, and duration...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351022/reference-values-and-factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-healthy-adolescents-and-adults
#17
Jennifer N Baldwin, Marnee J McKay, Niamh Moloney, Claire E Hiller, Elizabeth J Nightingale, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Insufficient attention has been given to individuals who report musculoskeletal symptoms yet experience minimal disability. OBJECTIVES: To examine musculoskeletal symptoms among healthy individuals, and compare demographic, psychological and physical factors between individuals with and without symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. METHOD: Data were from the 1000 Norms Project which recruited 1000 individuals aged 3-101 years...
June 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332246/weight-management-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-dietary-approaches
#18
Lauren T Ptomey, Richard R Saunders, Muriel Saunders, Richard A Washburn, Matthew S Mayo, Debra K Sullivan, Cheryl A Gibson, Jeannine R Goetz, Jeff J Honas, Erik A Willis, Jessica C Danon, Ron Krebill, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity among individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is equal to or greater than the general population. METHODS: Overweight/obese adults (BMI ≥25 kg/m(2) ) with mild-to-moderate intellectual and developmental disabilities were randomized to an enhanced stop light diet (eSLD = SLD + portion-controlled meals, n = 78) or a conventional diet (CD, n = 72) for an 18 months trial (6 months weight loss, 12 months maintenance)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329340/baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-aspree-aspirin-in-reducing-events-in-the-elderly-study
#19
John J McNeil, Robyn L Woods, Mark R Nelson, Anne M Murray, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Elsdon Storey, Raj C Shah, Rory S Wolfe, Andrew M Tonkin, Anne B Newman, Jeff D Williamson, Jessica E Lockery, Karen L Margolis, Michael E Ernst, Walter P Abhayaratna, Nigel Stocks, Sharyn M Fitzgerald, Ruth E Trevaks, Suzanne G Orchard, Lawrence J Beilin, Geoffrey A Donnan, Peter Gibbs, Colin I Johnston, Richard H Grimm
Background: There are no primary prevention trials of aspirin with relevant geriatric outcomes in elderly people. ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) is a placebo-controlled trial of low-dose aspirin that will determine whether 5 years of daily 100-mg enteric-coated aspirin extends disability-free and dementia-free life in a healthy elderly population and whether these benefits outweigh the risks. Methods: Set in primary care, this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial has a composite primary endpoint of death, incident dementia or persistent physical disability...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295273/importance-of-pain-acceptance-in-relation-to-headache-disability-and-pain-interference-in-women-with-migraine-and-overweight-obesity
#20
Jason Lillis, J Graham Thomas, Elizabeth K Seng, Richard B Lipton, Jelena M Pavlović, Lucille Rathier, Julie Roth, Kevin C O'Leary, Dale S Bond
BACKGROUND: Pain acceptance involves willingness to experience pain and engaging in valued activities while pain is present. Though pain acceptance could limit both headache-related disability and pain interference in individuals with migraine, few studies have addressed this issue. This study evaluated whether higher levels of total pain acceptance and its two subcomponents, pain willingness and activity engagement, were associated with lower levels of headache-related impairment in women who had both migraine and overweight/obesity...
March 13, 2017: Headache
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