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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064148/community-weight-loss-to-combat-obesity-and-disability-in-at-risk-older-adults
#1
W Jack Rejeski, Walter T Ambrosius, Jonathan H Burdette, Michael P Walkup, Anthony P Marsh
BACKGROUND: Among older, overweight, and obese adults with either cardiovascular disease or the metabolic syndrome, reduced mobility and loss of leg strength are important risk factors for morbidity, disability, and mortality. It is unclear whether community-based approaches to weight loss may be an effective solution to this public health challenge. METHODS: An 18-month three-site, randomized controlled trial conducted by YMCA staff, with blinded assessors, enrolled 249 older, overweight, and obese adults with either cardiovascular disease or metabolic syndrome with randomization to three interventions: weight loss alone (WL), weight loss + aerobic training (WL + AT), and weight loss + resistance training (WT + RT)...
January 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046205/dietary-advice-interventions-in-pregnancy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#2
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. With an increasing prevalence worldwide, there is a need to assess strategies, including dietary advice interventions, that might prevent GDM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of dietary advice interventions for preventing GDM and associated adverse health outcomes for women and their babies...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004412/conceptualization-of-physical-exercise-and-keeping-fit-by-child-wheelchair-users-and-their-parents
#3
Jane Noyes, Llinos Haf Spencer, Nathan Bray, Hans-Peter Kubis, Richard P Hastings, Matthew Jackson, Thomas D O'Brien
AIM: To gain a better understanding of how children aged 6-18 years who use wheelchairs and their families conceptualized physical exercise and keeping fit. BACKGROUND: Disabled children with reduced mobility are commonly overweight and unfit. Nurse-led health screening programmes in schools commonly exclude disabled children if they cannot use standard weighing scales or stand against height measuring sticks. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study at two time points over 6 months with children who use wheelchairs and their families...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999659/the-effect-of-obesity-on-treatment-outcomes-for-low-back-pain
#4
Stanley C Ewald, Eric L Hurwitz, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of obesity, as measured by body mass index (BMI), on treatment outcomes for low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Data from the University of California, Los Angeles, and Friendly Hills Healthcare Network low back pain study (collected from 1995 to 2000) were used to perform a secondary data analysis of this randomized clinical trial on adults who sought care for LBP. BMI was the primary predictor variable...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966068/body-mass-does-not-impact-the-clinical-response-to-intravenous-abatacept-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-analysis-from-the-pan-european-registry-collaboration-for-abatacept-panaba
#5
Florenzo Iannone, Delphine S Courvoisier, Jacques Eric Gottenberg, Maria Victoria Hernandez, Elisabeth Lie, Helena Canhão, Karel Pavelka, Merete Lund Hetland, Carl Turesson, Xavier Mariette, Denis Choquette, Axel Finckh
Some evidences suggest that obesity impairs the effectiveness of TNF inhibitors. We examined the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the clinical effectiveness of abatacept in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. This is a pooled analysis of 10 prospective cohorts of RA patients. All patients with available BMI were included in this study. The primary endpoint was drug retention of abatacept in the different BMI categories. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for drug discontinuation...
December 14, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914305/effectiveness-of-a-cross-circuit-exercise-training-program-in-improving-the-fitness-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-enrolled-in-special-education-schools
#6
Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Fen Yang, I-Hua Chu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
This study assessed the effects of a cross-circuit training intervention program on the body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and muscular strength endurance of overweight or obese students with intellectual disability. A total of 43 students with intellectual disability (aged 13-19 years) were enrolled in this program; 28 overweight/obese students were assigned to either an obesity-control group (n=14) or obesity-exercise group (n=14), and those with normal weight were assigned to a normal weight group (n=15)...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904027/retinal-vascular-changes-and-prospective-risk-of-disabling-dementia-the-circulatory-risk-in-communities-study-circs
#7
Hiroshige Jinnouchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Masahiko Kiyama, Hironori Imano, Takeo Okada, Renzhe Cui, Mitsumasa Umesawa, Isao Muraki, Mina Hayama-Terada, Ryo Kawasaki, Tomoko Sankai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hiroyasu Iso
AIM: To investigate the association of retinal vascular changes with a risk of dementia in longitudinal population-based study. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study of 3,718 persons, aged 40-89 years, enrolled between 1983 and 2004. Retinal vascular changes were observed in 351 cases with disabling dementia (average period before the onset, 11.2 years) and in 702 controls matched for sex, age, and baseline year. Incidence of disabling dementia was defined as individuals who received cares for disabilities including dementia-related symptoms and/or behavioral disturbance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888564/communicating-with-children-and-families-about-obesity-and-weight-related-topics-a-scoping-review-of-best-practices
#8
REVIEW
A C McPherson, J Hamilton, S Kingsnorth, T J Knibbe, M Peters, J A Swift, K Krog, L Chen, A Steinberg, G D C Ball
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have called for direction on how best to communicate about weight-related topics with children and families. Established scoping review methodology was used to answer the question: 'How can healthcare professionals best communicate with children and their families about obesity and weight-related topics?' METHODS: We searched four scientific databases, two grey literature repositories and 14 key journals (2005-2016). Inclusion criteria were (i) children up to and including 18 years of age and/or their parents; (ii) communication about healthy weight, overweight, obesity or healthy/active living; and (iii) healthcare setting...
November 26, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880969/the-prevalence-of-cruciate-ligament-and-meniscus-knee-injury-in-young-adults-and-associations-with-gender-body-mass-index-and-height-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ran Thein, Oded Hershkovich, Barak Gordon, Gideon Burstein, Shay Tenebaum, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamis, Arnon Afek, Yitshak Kreiss
Anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal injuries are associated with secondary osteoarthrosis which may lead to functional impairment and economic burden. The prevalence of knee injury has not been studied in depth. Our purpose was to report the prevalence of knee ligament and meniscal injuries and their associations with gender, body mass index (BMI), and height in young adults and to characterize individuals with meniscal injuries who gained full recovery. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876009/lifestyle-medication-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-mental-and-physical-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
George A Jelinek, Alysha M De Livera, Claudia H Marck, Chelsea R Brown, Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, Tracey J Weiland
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (QOL) is a key outcome for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). While modifiable lifestyle factors, like smoking, physical activity and vitamin D, have strong associations with development and progression of MS, few studies have examined such associations with QOL. METHODS: Using patient-reported data from 2312 people with MS from 54 countries, regression models explored associations of socio-demographic, therapeutic and lifestyle factors with QOL, using the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 (MSQOL-54)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860281/counting-up-the-risks-how-common-are-risk-factors-for-morbidity-and-mortality-in-young-people-with-psychosis
#11
Lisa Anne Hahn, Andrew Mackinnon, Debra L Foley, Vera A Morgan, Anna Waterreus, Gerald F Watts, David J Castle, Dennis Liu, Cherrie A Galletly
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular (CV)-related morbidity and mortality in young people with psychosis aged 18 to 24 years. METHODS: The study included 132 people aged 18 to 24 years who participated in the 2010 second Australian national survey of people living with psychosis. The 2009 World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Health Risks report was used as a framework to determine which specific risk factors were present in each in these young people...
November 17, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810602/weight-management-for-adolescents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-rationale-and-design-for-an-18month-randomized-trial
#12
J E Donnelly, L T Ptomey, J R Goetz, D K Sullivan, C A Gibson, J L Greene, R H Lee, M S Mayo, J J Honas, R A Washburn
Adolescents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are an underserved group in need of weight management. However, information regarding effective weight management for this group is limited, and is based primarily on results from small, non-powered, non-randomized trials that were not conducted in accordance with current weight management guidelines. Additionally, the comparative effectiveness of emerging dietary approaches, such as portion-controlled meals (PCMs) or program delivery strategies such as video chat using tablet computers have not been evaluated...
November 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807526/the-effects-of-strength-exercise-and-walking-on-lumbar-function-pain-level-and-body-composition-in-chronic-back-pain-patients
#13
Jung-Seok Lee, Suh-Jung Kang
The beneficial effects of a strength exercise program and a combined exercise program of strength training plus walking were examined in overweight with chronic back pain patients. The participants were randomly placed in the strength exercise group (SEG, n=15), combined exercise group (CEG, n=15), and control group (CG, n=6). All subjects performed exercise twice per week, 50 min per session with a professional instructors for 12 weeks. In order to evaluate exercise intervention effects, lumbar function was measured by back strength and flexibility...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783259/technology-based-interventions-for-weight-management-current-randomized-controlled-trial-evidence-and-future-directions
#14
Andrea T Kozak, Joanna Buscemi, Misty A W Hawkins, Monica L Wang, Jessica Y Breland, Kathryn M Ross, Anupama Kommu
Obesity is a prevalent health care issue associated with disability, premature morality, and high costs. Behavioral weight management interventions lead to clinically significant weight losses in overweight and obese individuals; however, many individuals are not able to participate in these face-to-face treatments due to limited access, cost, and/or time constraints. Technological advances such as widespread access to the Internet, increased use of smartphones, and newer behavioral self-monitoring tools have resulted in the development of a variety of eHealth weight management programs...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761335/higher-central-fat-and-poor-self-body-image-in-short-stature-overweight-obese-women-living-in-brazilian-shantytowns
#15
Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Telma Toledo Florêncio, Fabiana Albuquerque Cavalcante, Isabela Lopes Lins, Ana Grotti Clemente, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Short stature in adult life, a possible consequence of poor perinatal conditions, is associated with higher risk of mortality and social disabilities. We aimed to determine whether low-income, overweight/obese, short-stature (SS) women show alterations in body composition, self-body-image perception, and biochemical profile compared to their non-short (NS) counterparts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with women living in shantytowns and mother or relatives to undernourished children treated in a center for recuperation and nutritional education...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733191/identification-of-subgroups-of-inflammatory-and-degenerative-mri-findings-in-the-spine-and-sacroiliac-joints-a-latent-class-analysis-of-1037-patients-with-persistent-low-back-pain
#16
Bodil Arnbak, Rikke Krüger Jensen, Claus Manniche, Oliver Hendricks, Peter Kent, Anne Grethe Jurik, Tue Secher Jensen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate subgroups of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings for the spine and sacroiliac joints (SIJs) using latent class analysis (LCA), and to investigate whether these subgroups differ in their demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 1037 patients aged 18-40 years with persistent low back pain (LBP). LCA was applied to MRI findings of the spine and SIJs. The resulting subgroups were tested for differences in self-reported demographic and clinical characteristics...
October 13, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703502/obesity-and-hypertension
#17
Shu-Zhong Jiang, Wen Lu, Xue-Feng Zong, Hong-Yun Ruan, Yi Liu
The imbalance between energy intake and expenditure is the main cause of excessive overweight and obesity. Technically, obesity is defined as the abnormal accumulation of ≥20% of body fat, over the individual's ideal body weight. The latter constitutes the maximal healthful value for an individual that is calculated based chiefly on the height, age, build and degree of muscular development. However, obesity is diagnosed by measuring the weight in relation to the height of an individual, thereby determining or calculating the body mass index...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682435/gait-speed-response-to-aerobic-versus-resistance-exercise-training-in-older-adults
#18
Rebecca M Henderson, X Iris Leng, Elizabeth A Chmelo, Tina E Brinkley, Mary F Lyles, Anthony P Marsh, Barbara J Nicklas
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the comparative effect of aerobic training (AT) versus resistance training (RT) on gait speed, a strong predictor of disability. AIMS: To compare the effect of AT versus RT on gait speed and other functional measures. METHODS: Overweight and obese [body mass index (BMI) ≥27.0 kg/m(2)] sedentary men and women aged 65-79 years engaged in 5 months of either 4 days/weeks moderate-intensity treadmill walking, AT, (n = 44) or 3 days/weeks moderate-intensity RT (n = 56)...
September 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676466/effects-of-longitudinal-glucose-exposure-on-cognitive-and-physical-function-results-from-the-action-for-health-in-diabetes-movement-and-memory-study
#19
Kristen M Beavers, Iris Leng, Stephen R Rapp, Michael E Miller, Denise K Houston, Anthony P Marsh, Don G Hire, Laura D Baker, George A Bray, George L Blackburn, Andrea L Hergenroeder, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, Mary T Korytkowski, Brent Van Dorsten, Stephen B Kritchevsky
OBJECTIVES: To test whether average long-term glucose exposure is associated with cognitive and physical function in middle-aged and younger-old adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Data obtained as part of the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial (NCT00017953) and Look AHEAD Movement and Memory ancillary study (NCT01410097). PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 45 to 76 at baseline (N = 879)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667368/the-value-of-counting-who-defined-cardiovascular-risk-factors-for-death-and-disability-in-a-national-sample-of-adults-with-psychosis
#20
Lisa Anne Hahn, Andrew Mackinnon, Debra L Foley, Vera A Morgan, Anna Waterreus, Gerald F Watts, David J Castle, Dennis Liu, Cherrie A Galletly
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the prevalence and associations of eight WHO-defined CVD risk factors for death and disability in people with psychosis. METHOD: The study included 1156 people aged 18-64years, diagnosed with psychosis. The 2009 World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Health Risks Report was used as a framework to determine the prevalence and number of eight key risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in men and women with psychosis. Differences in the number and type of risk factors by age and gender were investigated...
September 22, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
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