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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761882/the-prevalence-of-obesity-in-children-and-young-people-with-down-syndrome
#1
Muireann O' Shea, Carol O' Shea, Louise Gibson, Jennifer Leo, Catherine Carty
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity is a growing concern among individuals with intellectual disabilities; however, little is known about the prevalence among children and youth with Down syndrome (CYDS). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among CYDS in South West Ireland. METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured height and weight of 61 CYDS aged 4-16 years. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and percentage body fat (PBF) was measured using bio-electrical impendence analysis (BIA)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756721/-pseudotumor-cerebri-associated-with-hypovitaminosis-a-b6-and-d-about-two-cases
#2
Ana M Silva, José Méndez, Marisol Toma, Alejandra González, Federico Bois
Idiopathic endocranial hypertension is infrequently associated with hypovitaminosis A and D. The case of an 8-year-old female with 24-hour blurred vision and bilateral papilledema is presented. Nuclear magnetic resonance was normal. Opening pressure of cerebrospinal fluid: 260 mmH2O. She presented vitamin A and D deficiency and started replacement therapy. The second case corresponds to a 12-year-old male with fever and odynophagia of 3 days. History of glomerulonephritis and overweight. He had bipalpebral edema and papilledema...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748963/body-mass-index-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
E Sebastião, R W Motl
OBJECTIVE: This study examined body fatness and its association with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) accounting for disability status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved a secondary data analysis from a previous study of 62 pwMS. Body fatness was indirect measured as body mass index (BMI), and CRF was measured as peak oxygen consumption from an incremental exercise test with spirometry. Participants were allocated into 3 different groups based on established BMI categories (ie, normal, overweight, and obese), and data were analyzed using SPSS...
May 11, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727867/coronal-knee-malalignment-in-young-adults-and-its-link-to-body-measures
#4
Oded Hershkovich, Ran Thein, Barak Gordon, Gideon Burstein, Shay Tenenbaum, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Arnon Afek
Our aim was to report the prevalence of knee varus-valgus malalignment (KVVM) and its association with body mass index (BMI) and body height in a healthy and fit young adult population. Information on the disability codes associated with KVVM according to the Regulations of Medical Fitness Determination was retrieved from a medical database containing records of 17-year-old males and females before their recruitment into mandatory military service. Logistic regression models assessed the association between the BMI and body height to KVVM...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723172/health-care-provider-counseling-for-weight-loss-among-adults-with-arthritis-and-overweight-or-obesity-united-states-2002-2014
#5
Dana Guglielmo, Jennifer M Hootman, Louise B Murphy, Michael A Boring, Kristina A Theis, Brook Belay, Kamil E Barbour, Miriam G Cisternas, Charles G Helmick
In the United States, 54.4 million adults report having doctor-diagnosed arthritis (1). Among adults with arthritis, 32.7% and 38.1% also have overweight and obesity, respectively (1), with obesity being more prevalent among persons with arthritis than among those who do not have arthritis (2). Furthermore, severe joint pain among adults with arthritis in 2014 was reported by 23.5% of adults with overweight and 31.7% of adults with obesity (3). The American College of Rheumatology recommends weight loss for adults with hip or knee osteoarthritis and overweight or obesity,* which can improve function and mobility while reducing pain and disability (4,5)...
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717801/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-successful-aging-in-brazilian-older-adults-frailty-in-brazilian-older-people-study-fibra-rj
#6
Ana C Canêdo, Claudia S Lopes, Roberto A Lourenço
AIM: We aimed to estimate the factors associated with the biomedical dimension of successful aging (SA) and its prevalence in older Brazilian individuals. The conceptual framework for this approach relies on the considerable variation in the biophysiological effects of aging and the need to understand the factors that influence this process. METHODS: Data from a total of 845 older adults were analyzed. SA operationalization included the following criteria: good physical and cognitive performance, absence of disabilities, and good health conditions...
May 2, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707921/obesity-weight-loss-and-progression-of-disability-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Joshua F Baker, Bryant R England, Ted R Mikuls, Harlan Sayles, Grant W Cannon, Brian C Sauer, Michael D George, Liron Caplan, Kaleb Michaud
BACKGROUND: Obese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) report greater disability in cross-sectional studies. The longitudinal effects of obesity, however, are not well-characterized. We evaluated associations between obesity, weight loss, and worsening of disability in two large registry studies with long-term follow-up. METHODS: This study included patients with RA from the National Data Bank of Rheumatic Diseases (Forward) (N=23,323) and the Veterans Affairs RA (VARA) registry study (N=1,697)...
April 29, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685052/exploring-the-health-promoting-potential-of-the-parkrun-phenomenon-what-factors-are-associated-with-higher-levels-of-participation
#8
Verity Cleland, Meredith Nash, Melanie J Sharman, Suzi Claflin
PURPOSE: " parkrun" is a free and increasingly popular weekly 5-km walk/run international community event, representing a novel setting for physical activity (PA) promotion. However, little is known about who participates or why. This study aimed to identify sociodemographic, health, behavioral, individual, social, and environmental factors associated with higher levels of participation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Tasmania, Australia; June 2016...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622830/prevalence-perception-and-correlates-of-low-back-pain-among-healthcare-workers-in-tertiary-health-institutions-in-sokoto-nigeria
#9
Kehinde J Awosan, Semen S Yikawe, Oche M Oche, Muhammad Oboirien
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability worldwide. Healthcare workers are particularly prone to it because of the physical and emotional factors associated with their profession. Objectives: To determine the prevalence, perception and correlates of LBP among healthcare workers in tertiary health institutions in Sokoto, Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 320 healthcare workers selected by multistage sampling technique from July to September 2016...
December 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576973/gender-disparities-in-the-association-between-socio-demographics-and-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-among-adults-with-disabilities-in-shanghai-china
#10
Youran Zhang, Gang Chen, Qi Zhang, Jun Lu, Huijiong Yu
Background: Non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors can co-exist with disability and cause a greater burden on the health status of adults with disabilities. A lack of egalitarian social policies in China may result in gender disparities in the NCD risk factors of adults with disabilities. However, little is known about the gender disparities in the association between socio-demographics and NCD risk factors among adults with disabilities in China; consequently, we examined this association among adults with disabilities in Shanghai, China...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563431/weight-status-and-dental-problems-in-early-childhood-classification-tree-analysis-of-a-national-cohort
#11
Michael Crowe, Michael O' Sullivan, Oscar Cassetti, Aifric O' Sullivan
A poor quality diet may be a common risk factor for both obesity and dental problems such as caries. The aim of this paper is to use classification tree analysis (CTA) to identify predictors of dental problems in a nationally representative cohort of Irish pre-school children. CTA was used to classify variables and describe interactions between multiple variables including socio-demographics, dietary intake, health-related behaviour, body mass index (BMI) and a dental problem. Data were derived from the second (2010/2011) wave of the 'Growing Up in Ireland' study (GUI) infant cohort at 3 years, n = 9793...
August 31, 2017: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545462/impact-of-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-disability-free-life-expectancy-the-look-ahead-study
#12
Edward W Gregg, Ji Lin, Barbara Bardenheier, Haiying Chen, W Jack Rejeski, Xiaohui Zhuo, Andrea L Hergenroeder, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Anne L Peters, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Edward H Ip, Mark A Espeland
OBJECTIVE: The impact of weight loss intervention on disability-free life expectancy in adults with diabetes is unknown. We examined the impact of a long-term weight loss intervention on years spent with and without physical disability. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Overweight or obese adults with type 2 diabetes age 45-76 years ( n = 5,145) were randomly assigned to a 10-year intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) or diabetes support and education (DSE). Physical function was assessed annually for 12 years using the SF-36...
March 15, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544161/physical-self-concept-and-body-dissatisfaction-among-special-olympics-athletes-a-comparison-between-sex-weight-status-and-culture
#13
Cheng-Chen Pan, Christophe Maïano, Alexandre J S Morin
BACKGROUND: Little research has looked at the associations between sex, weight status and culture, and the physical self-perceptions and body dissatisfaction of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) involved in Special Olympics (SO) sports. AIMS: To examine sex- (male vs female), weight status- (non-overweight/obese vs. overweight/obese), and culture-based (North American vs. Asian) differences in physical self-concept and body dissatisfaction among SO athletes...
March 12, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538571/overweight-in-rural-elderly-association-with-health-conditions-and-quality-of-life
#14
Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares, Alisson Fernandes Bolina, Flavia Aparecida Dias, Pollyana Cristina Dos Santos Ferreira, Nilce Maria de Freitas Santos
This study aimed to verify the association of overweight with functional disability, self-reported morbidities and quality of life (QoL) among rural elderly dwellers. This is a domestic and cross-sectional survey conducted in the rural region of a municipality of Southeast Brazil. Three hundred seventy non-overweight elderly people and 192 overweight elderly people were evaluated with the following tools: semi-structured; Katz and Lawton and scales; World Health Organization Quality of Life - BREF and World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment for Older Adults...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516790/participants-at-norwegian-healthy-life-centres-who-are-they-why-do-they-attend-and-how-are-they-motivated-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Gro Beate Samdal, Eivind Meland, Geir Egil Eide, Sveinung Berntsen, Eirik Abildsnes, Tonje H Stea, Thomas Mildestvedt
AIMS: We examine the characteristics of participants entering Norwegian Healthy Life Centres, their reasons for attending and whether socio-economic status, motivation, self-efficacy and social support relate to physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is part of a randomised controlled trial. Inclusion criteria are that participants should be ≥ 18 years old and able to take part in a physical activity group intervention. Exclusion criteria are severe mental illness and general learning disability...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501367/the-fat-mass-index-not-the-fat-free-mass-index-is-associated-with-impaired-physical-performance-in-older-adult-subjects-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Maribel Ramírez Torres, Roxana E Ruiz Valenzuela, Julián Esparza-Romero, Miriam T López Teros, Heliodoro Alemán-Mateo
BACKGROUND: Impaired physical performance (IPP) and physical disability (PD) are two serious public health problems in older adult populations worldwide. While studies show that changes in body composition are important risk factors for developing these conditions, there is little evidence that the fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) indices (FFMI and FMI, respectively) are associated with IPP in older men and women. This study assessed the association among FFMI, FMI, and IPP using Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) in Mexican men and women aged over 60 years...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499006/evaluation-of-functional-status-associated-with-overweight-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Rosario de la Torre-Olivares, Carmen Moreno-Lorenzo, Jose Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Carmen Villaverde-Gutierrez, Adelaida Maria Castro Sánchez, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the motor disability level of ambulatory adults with overweight and cerebral palsy (CP) and to investigate the functional factors associated with weight gain in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty adults with CP were classified according to their body mass index (BMI). Mobility, physical disability, functional independence, gait and balance, gross motor function, and maximum walking speed were assessed to evaluate their physical status...
March 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492082/association-between-body-mass-index-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-homecare-patients
#18
Guzin Zeren Ozturk, Memet Taskın Egici, Mulazim Hussain Bukhari, Dilek Toprak
Objective: Overweight or obesity may cause many chronic illnesses. Furthermore, several studies have shown that high body mass index is associated with mortality and morbidity among the elderly. Therefore, obesity or being overweight could adversely affect the performance of activities of daily living. In this study our aim was to investigate the association between Body Mass Index and Activity of Daily Living in Homecare Patients. Method: The records of 2016 from the homecare unit of Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457232/tackling-obesity-and-disease-the-culprit-is-sugar-the-response-is-legal-regulation
#19
Lawrence O Gostin
It is staggering to observe the new normal in America: 37.9 percent of adults are obese, and 70.7 percent are either obese or overweight. One out of every five minors is obese. The real tragedy, of course, is the disability, suffering, and early death that devastates families and communities. But all of society pays, with the annual medical cost estimated at $147 billion. The causal pathways are complex, but if we drill down, sugar is a deeply consequential pathway to obesity, and the single greatest dietary source is sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427860/health-care-expenditures-of-overweight-and-obese-u-s-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#20
Henan Li, Glenn Fujiura, Sandra Magaña, Susan Parish
BACKGROUND: U.S. adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have poorer health status and greater risks for being overweight and obese, which are major drivers of health care expenditures in the general population. Health care expenditures and IDD have not been studied using nationally representative samples, and the impact of overweight and obesity have not been examined. AIM: Using nationally representative data, we aimed to compare the health care expenditures of not-overweight, overweight and obese U...
April 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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