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overweight and disability

Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Telma Toledo Florêncio, Fabiana Albuquerque Cavalcante, Isabela Lopes Lins, Ana Grotti Clemente, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Short stature in adult life, a possible consequence of poor perinatal conditions, is associated with higher risk of mortality and social disabilities. We aimed to determine whether low-income, overweight/obese, short-stature (SS) women show alterations in body composition, self-body-image perception, and biochemical profile compared to their non-short (NS) counterparts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with women living in shantytowns and mother or relatives to undernourished children treated in a center for recuperation and nutritional education...
2016: PeerJ
Bodil Arnbak, Rikke Krüger Jensen, Claus Manniche, Oliver Hendricks, Peter Kent, Anne Grethe Jurik, Tue Secher Jensen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate subgroups of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings for the spine and sacroiliac joints (SIJs) using latent class analysis (LCA), and to investigate whether these subgroups differ in their demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 1037 patients aged 18-40 years with persistent low back pain (LBP). LCA was applied to MRI findings of the spine and SIJs. The resulting subgroups were tested for differences in self-reported demographic and clinical characteristics...
October 13, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Shu-Zhong Jiang, Wen Lu, Xue-Feng Zong, Hong-Yun Ruan, Yi Liu
The imbalance between energy intake and expenditure is the main cause of excessive overweight and obesity. Technically, obesity is defined as the abnormal accumulation of ≥20% of body fat, over the individual's ideal body weight. The latter constitutes the maximal healthful value for an individual that is calculated based chiefly on the height, age, build and degree of muscular development. However, obesity is diagnosed by measuring the weight in relation to the height of an individual, thereby determining or calculating the body mass index...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Rebecca M Henderson, X Iris Leng, Elizabeth A Chmelo, Tina E Brinkley, Mary F Lyles, Anthony P Marsh, Barbara J Nicklas
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the comparative effect of aerobic training (AT) versus resistance training (RT) on gait speed, a strong predictor of disability. AIMS: To compare the effect of AT versus RT on gait speed and other functional measures. METHODS: Overweight and obese [body mass index (BMI) ≥27.0 kg/m(2)] sedentary men and women aged 65-79 years engaged in 5 months of either 4 days/weeks moderate-intensity treadmill walking, AT, (n = 44) or 3 days/weeks moderate-intensity RT (n = 56)...
September 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Kristen M Beavers, Iris Leng, Stephen R Rapp, Michael E Miller, Denise K Houston, Anthony P Marsh, Don G Hire, Laura D Baker, George A Bray, George L Blackburn, Andrea L Hergenroeder, John M Jakicic, Karen C Johnson, Mary T Korytkowski, Brent Van Dorsten, Stephen B Kritchevsky
OBJECTIVES: To test whether average long-term glucose exposure is associated with cognitive and physical function in middle-aged and younger-old adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Data obtained as part of the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial (NCT00017953) and Look AHEAD Movement and Memory ancillary study (NCT01410097). PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 45 to 76 at baseline (N = 879)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Lisa Anne Hahn, Andrew Mackinnon, Debra L Foley Dr, Vera A Morgan Winthrop, Anna Waterreus, Gerald F Watts Winthrop, David J Castle, Dennis Liu Dr, Cherrie A Galletly
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the prevalence and associations of eight WHO-defined CVD risk factors for death and disability in people with psychosis. METHOD: The study included 1156 people aged 18-64years, diagnosed with psychosis. The 2009 World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Health Risks Report was used as a framework to determine the prevalence and number of eight key risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in men and women with psychosis. Differences in the number and type of risk factors by age and gender were investigated...
September 22, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Saikat Datta, Jayanta Kumar Roy, Manasi Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability globally. The basic element of NCD prevention is the identification of the common risk factors and their prevention and control. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases, in Siliguri city of West Bengal, India using WHO Steps approach. METHODS: Between April 2012 to July 2012, 779 adults of 18-64 years from Siliguri city were chosen by 30-cluster sampling...
December 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Julia Wojzischke, Rebecca Diekmann, Jürgen M Bauer
In later life a high body mass index (BMI) is associated with the lowest age-related mortality rate. The BMI range used by the World Health Organization (WHO) to classify overweight, a BMI of 25-30 kg/m(2), can be regarded as normal weight in old age; nevertheless, obesity is associated with an increased risk of disability and of a deterioration in physical functionality, particularly among older age groups. This relationship to obesity has also been established for frailty. For this reason, a reduction in weight may be appropriate under functional aspects if BMI values exceed 30 kg/m(2); however, such a decision cannot be made on the basis of an individual BMI alone...
October 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Jacek Piątek, Anna Kędziora, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Marta Olszewska, Karol Wierzbicki, Irena Milaniak, Bryan HyoChan Song, Bogusław Kapelak, Tomasz Darocha
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of death and disability in developed countries. Despite the fact that prevalence accrues with age, an increasing number of young patients suffering from CAD is being observed worldwide. The aim of this study is to describe the population of young adults suffering from CAD and requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and to assess early outcomes after the procedure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study analyzed 190 consecutive patients aged ≤50 years old that underwent CABG between 2010 and 2014...
2016: Heart Surgery Forum
Kelly R Ylitalo, Carrie A Karvonen-Gutierrez
Falls are an important health concern because they are associated with loss of independence and disability, particularly among women. We determined the age- and sex-specific prevalence of injurious falls among adults in the United States and examined the impact of obesity on fall risk. Self-reported falls, injurious falls, and health histories were obtained from 280,035 adults aged 45-79years in the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Body mass index was categorized as underweight (<18.5kg/m(2)), normal weight (18...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
Jeroen S de Munter, Per Tynelius, Gerd Ahlström, Finn Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Obesity is more common in people with mobility disability than in non-disabled individuals, but less is known about the longitudinal effects leading to this health state. OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential bidirectional association between mobility disability and obesity. METHODS: Participants were identified in the population-based Stockholm Public Health Cohort (2002-2010, n = 17 945). Observations with schizophrenia, depression, eating disorder, or cancer within 5 years during and prior to baseline were excluded...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
A O Razina, S D Runenko, E E Achkasov
The review of literature presents the results of recent epidemiological studies in obese people in Russia and abroad taking into account gender, age, ethnic, social, and geographicalfactors. The increase of obesity prevalence among different population groups including children and adolescents was registered. The risks of health problems associated with overweight and obesity probably leading to disability and mortality were analyzed. It was shown that the energy imbalance played a key role in the etiopathogenesis of obesity among many other factors...
2016: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
Behdin Nowrouzi, Basem Gohar, Behnam Nowrouzi-Kia, Victoria Mintsopoulos, Alicia McDougall, Gillian Jordan, Jennifer Casole, Michel Lariviere, Angelo Tremblay
The objective of this study was to conduct a literature review examining predictors of lost-time injury, illness and disability (IID) in the workplace, with a focus on obesity as a predictor, and to evaluate the relationship between obesity and losttime IID. The study objective was also to analyze workplace disability prevention and interventions aimed at encouraging a healthy lifestyle among employees and reducing obesity and IID, as well as to identify research gaps. The search was conducted in several major online databases...
2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Kathleen Fisher, Thomas L Hardie, Sobhana Ranjan, Justin Peterson
US surveys report higher prevalence of obesity in adults with intellectual disability. Health records of 40 adults with intellectual disability were retrospectively reviewed for data on health status, problem lists with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes, medication lists, and health encounters over 18 months. Mean age was 49.5 years, 53% were males. Prevalence of overweight, obese, and morbidly obese was 28%, 58%, and 23%, respectively. Primary diagnosis was intellectual disability (50% mild, 33% moderate, 10% severe, and 8% profound), 85% had mental health disorders (67...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Rachel Elizabeth Ward, Vindhya Lakshmi Veerula, Navid Ezra, Jeffrey B Travers, Nico Mousdicas
BACKGROUND: Chronic itch is a disruptive and disabling condition that can lead to psychological stress and depression. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe an entity of generalized, symmetric, neuropathic pruritus, which we term "multilevel symmetric neuropathic pruritus," and offer possible explanations accounting for its pathogenesis. METHODS: A case series of 14 patients was evaluated at academic institutions from 2011 to 2015. RESULTS: All patients exhibited detectable degenerative vertebral changes, as seen by spinal x-ray or magnetic resonance imaging...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Elena Roura, Raimon Milà-Villarroel, Sara Lucía Pareja, Alba Adot Caballero
Worldwide obesity has more than doubled in the last forty years. Even more worrying is the fact that the number of overweight and obese children and adolescents has considerably increased. Socioeconomic development, as well as educational, agricultural and marketing policies have significantly changed dietary and physical activity habits among the youngest, who are thus susceptible to develop chronic and disabling diseases such as diabetes, some cancers and cardiovascular disorders. Adolescence is a critical age, in which the adoption of healthy habits may have dramatic effects on the health state in adulthood...
2016: PloS One
Eric Emerson, Janet Robertson, Susannah Baines, Chris Hatton
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of and inequities in the distribution of child obesity will require developing interventions that are sensitive to the situation of 'high risk' groups of children. Children with intellectual disability appear to be one such group. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of obesity in children with and without intellectual disability in a longitudinal representative sample of British children and identify risk factors associated with obesity at age 11. METHODS: Information was collected on a nationally representative sample of over 18,000 at ages 9 months, 3, 5, 7 and 11 years...
2016: BMC Public Health
Nipun Shrestha, Zeljko Pedisic, Sarah Neil-Sztramko, Katriina T Kukkonen-Harjula, Veerle Hermans
This narrative review summarized findings from previous reviews and the most recently published studies, regarding the following: (1) the association between two occupational risk factors-shift work and sedentary work-and obesity, (2) the effects of obesity on workplace productivity and (3) the effectiveness of workplace interventions aimed at preventing or reducing obesity. Despite some inconsistencies in findings, there is convincing evidence that shift work increases the risk of obesity, while most studies did not show a significant association between sedentary work and obesity...
September 2016: Current Obesity Reports
A Savage, E Emerson
BACKGROUND: Children with intellectual disability (ID) in high income countries are at significantly greater risk of obesity than their non-disabled peers. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 3 to 4-year-old children who are/are not at risk of ID in low and middle income countries. METHOD: Secondary analysis of Round 4 and 5 UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) from 20 low and middle income countries that included a total of 83 597 3 to 4-year-old children...
November 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Rosario de la Torre-Olivares, Carmen Moreno-Lorenzo, Jose Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Carmen Villaverde-Gutierrez, Adelaida Maria Castro Sánchez, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
PURPOSE: To describe the motor disability level of ambulatory adults with overweight and cerebral palsy (CP) and to investigate the functional factors associated with weight gain in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty adults with CP were classified according to their body mass index (BMI). Mobility, physical disability, functional independence, gait and balance, gross motor function, and maximum walking speed were assessed to evaluate their physical status...
July 22, 2016: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
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