keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

obesity and disability

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220042/healthy-obesity-and-risk-of-accelerated-functional-decline-and-disability
#1
J A Bell, S Sabia, A Singh-Manoux, M Hamer, M Kivimäki
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Some obese adults have a normal metabolic profile and are considered 'healthy', but whether they experience faster ageing than healthy normal-weight adults is unknown. We compared decline in physical function, worsening of bodily pain, and likelihood of future mobility limitation and disability between these groups. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This was a population-based observational study using repeated measures over 2 decades (Whitehall II cohort data)...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215627/caregivers-effect-on-weight-management-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#2
L T Ptomey, C A Gibson, J Lee, D K Sullivan, R A Washburn, A M Gorczyca, J E Donnelly
INTRODUCTION: Caregivers of adults with IDD often play a large role in the ability of adults with IDD to lose weight. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine to examine the effects of the caregivers' perceived burdens and self-efficacy and their relationship to an individual (family member or paid staff) on weight changes across a weight management intervention for adults with IDD. METHODS: Overweight/obese adults with mild to moderate IDD, along with assigned caregivers who served as their study partner, were randomized to an 18-month weight management intervention...
February 12, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214668/diabetes-and-disability-in-older-australians-the-australian-diabetes-obesity-and-lifestyle-ausdiab-study
#3
Digsu N Koye, Jonathan E Shaw, Dianna J Magliano
AIMS: To examine the association between diabetes and disability in older Australians and to identify factors that explain this association. METHODS: We analysed data from a subsample of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study (AusDiab) cohort. Disability was measured using the Katz questionnaire in those aged 60years or over and was defined as some difficulty in any of the Katz activities of daily living (ADL) questions. RESULTS: Among 2373 study participants aged 60years or above who had a disability assessment at the third wave of follow-up (2011-12), 255 (11%) reported at least some disability...
February 7, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211971/atypical-angelman-syndrome-due-to-a-mosaic-imprinting-defect-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Anna Le Fevre, Jasmin Beygo, Cheryl Silveira, Benjamin Kamien, Jill Clayton-Smith, Alison Colley, Karin Buiting, Tracy Dudding-Byth
Angelman syndrome (AS) is characterized by severe intellectual disability, limited, or absent speech and a generally happy demeanor. The four known etiological mechanisms; deletions, uniparental disomy, imprinting defects, and UBE3A mutation all affect expression of the UBE3A gene at 15q11-q13. An atypical phenotype is seen in individuals who are mosaic for a chromosome 15q11-q13 imprinting defect on the maternal allele. These patients present with a milder phenotype, often with hyperphagia and obesity or non-specific intellectual disability...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205295/validity-of-proxy-reported-height-and-weight-to-derive-body-mass-index-in-adults-participating-in-special-olympics
#5
Kristin Dobranowski, Meghann Lloyd, Pierre Côté, Robert Balogh
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are common in adults with intellectual disabilities, which complicates their health. To meet their health needs, individuals with intellectual disability frequently rely on proxies to answer questions on their behalf. In the general population, the use of proxy-reported height and weight to compute body mass index (BMI) has been validated, but not among adults with intellectual disability. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of proxy-reported height, weight and derived BMI among adults with intellectual disability...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185600/health-and-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-sexual-difficulties-in-men-results-from-a-study-of-australian-men-aged-18-to-55%C3%A2-years
#6
Marisa Schlichthorst, Lena A Sanci, Jane S Hocking
BACKGROUND: Sexual difficulties (SD) are common among men of all ages and can have considerable impact on quality of life and indications for future health. SD are associated with mental and physical wellbeing and with relationship satisfaction, yet they are rarely discussed with medical professionals who are often ill equipped to assess and manage them. This paper provides an updated overview on the status of SD in Australian men from 18 to 55 years of age and will form a baseline comparison for future analyses of SD based on Ten to Men data...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185597/diabetes-in-young-adult-men-social-and-health-related-correlates
#7
Rachel L Koelmeyer, Shyamali C Dharmage, Dallas R English
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a global public health issue. It is associated with significant disability, morbidity and mortality risks and substantial healthcare costs. Of great concern is the fact that its prevalence is rising, particularly amongst the young, while epidemiological data regarding the incidence, prevalence and complications of early-onset type 2 diabetes is noted to be sparse. METHODS: We used data from the baseline wave of Ten to Men, a national cohort study of Australian males, to investigate the social and health-related correlates of Australian males aged 18-49 years reporting being diagnosed with diabetes...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183360/fat-mass-and-fat-distribution-are-associated-with-low-back-pain-intensity-and-disability-results-from-a-cohort-study
#8
Sultana Monira Hussain, Donna M Urquhart, Yuanyuan Wang, Jonathan E Shaw, Dianna J Magliano, Anita E Wluka, Flavia M Cicuttini
BACKGROUND: Determining the association between body composition and low back pain (LBP) will improve our understanding of the mechanisms by which obesity affects LBP, and inform novel approaches to managing LBP. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between body composition and LBP intensity and disability. METHODS: A total of 5058 participants (44% men) of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study were assessed for LBP intensity and disability using the Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire (2013-2014)...
February 10, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180024/ciliopathies-genetics-in-pediatric-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Machteld M Oud, Ideke J C Lamers, Heleen H Arts
Ciliary disorders, which are also referred to as ciliopathies, are a group of hereditary disorders that result from dysfunctional cilia. The latter are cellular organelles that stick up from the apical plasma membrane. Cilia have important roles in signal transduction and facilitate communications between cells and their surroundings. Ciliary disruption can result in a wide variety of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders with overlapping phenotypes. Because cilia occur widespread in our bodies many organs and sensory systems can be affected when they are dysfunctional...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179814/prenatal-stress-immune-programming-of-sex-differences-in-comorbidity-of-depression-and-obesity-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Jill M Goldstein, Laura Holsen, Grace Huang, Bradley D Hammond, Tamarra James-Todd, Sara Cherkerzian, Taben M Hale, Robert J Handa
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the number one cause of disability worldwide and is comorbid with many chronic diseases, including obesity/metabolic syndrome (MetS). Women have twice as much risk for MDD and comorbidity with obesity/MetS as men, although pathways for understanding this association remain unclear. On the basis of clinical and preclinical studies, we argue that prenatal maternal stress (ie, excess glucocorticoid expression and associated immune responses) that occurs during the sexual differentiation of the fetal brain has sex-dependent effects on brain development within highly sexually dimorphic regions that regulate mood, stress, metabolic function, the autonomic nervous system, and the vasculature...
December 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176906/comparison-of-outcomes-between-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-and-traditional-posterior-lumbar-intervertebral-fusion-in-obese-patients-with-lumbar-disk-prolapse
#11
Ya-Peng Wang, Ji-Long An, Ya-Peng Sun, Wen-Yuan Ding, Yong Shen, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the curative effect between minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and the posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in obese patients with lumbar disk prolapse. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, 72 patients who underwent lumbar disk prolapse therapy in the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University between March 2011 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed and were divided into two groups, MIS-TLIF group (n=35) and PLIF group (n=37), according to different surgical procedures...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155181/nutrition-frailty-and-sarcopenia
#12
Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Eva Kiesswetter, Michael Drey, Cornel C Sieber
Frailty and sarcopenia are important concepts in the quest to prevent physical dependence, as geriatrics are shifting towards identifications of early stages of disability. Definitions of both sarcopenia and frailty are still developing, and both concepts clearly overlap in their physical aspects. Malnutrition (both undernutrition and obesity) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of frailty and sarcopenia. The quality of the diet along the lifespan has a close relation with the incidence of both entities, and nutritional interventions may be able to reduce the incidence or revert either of them...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150289/relationship-between-gender-and-clinical-characteristics-associated-factors-and-hypertension-treatment-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#13
Katarzyna Maria Hanus, Aleksander Prejbisz, Jerzy Gąsowski, Marek Klocek, Roman Topór-Mądry, Wiktoria Leśniak, Marek Kabat, Danuta Czarnecka, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Krzysztof Narkiewicz, Andrzej Januszewicz
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recent meta-analysis indicate that the pooled prevalence of resistant hypertension (RHT) barely differed between sex. However differences between women and men with RHT in patients characteristics, associated factors and hypertension management are still not well-described. METHODS: In the cross-sectional questionnaire-based observational study we included 7306 hypertensive females and 5069 hypertensive males, ≥18 years old and treated for at least 12 months with antihypertensive drugs...
February 2, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149655/osteoarthritis-toward-a-comprehensive-understanding-of-pathological-mechanism
#14
REVIEW
Di Chen, Jie Shen, Weiwei Zhao, Tingyu Wang, Lin Han, John L Hamilton, Hee-Jeong Im
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common degenerative joint disease and a major cause of pain and disability in adult individuals. The etiology of OA includes joint injury, obesity, aging, and heredity. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms of OA initiation and progression remain poorly understood and, currently, there are no interventions available to restore degraded cartilage or decelerate disease progression. The diathrodial joint is a complicated organ and its function is to bear weight, perform physical activity and exhibit a joint-specific range of motion during movement...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143435/genetic-characterization-of-italian-patients-with-bardet-biedl-syndrome-and-correlation-to-ocular-renal-and-audio-vestibular-phenotype-identification-of-eleven-novel-pathogenic-sequence-variants
#15
Gabriella Esposito, Francesco Testa, Miriam Zacchia, Anna Alessia Crispo, Valentina Di Iorio, Giovanna Capolongo, Luca Rinaldi, Marcella D'Antonio, Tiziana Fioretti, Pasquale Iadicicco, Settimio Rossi, Annamaria Franzè, Elio Marciano, Giovanbattista Capasso, Francesca Simonelli, Francesco Salvatore
BACKGROUND: Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare genetic disorder that features retinal degeneration, obesity, polydactyly, learning disabilities and renal abnormalities. The diagnosis is often missed at birth, the median age at diagnosis being 9 years. In the attempt to shed light on BBS and improve its diagnosis and treatment, we evaluated the genotype-phenotype relationship in patients with a molecular diagnosis of BBS. METHODS: We analyzed three common BBS genes, BBS1, BBS10 and BBS2, in 25 Italian patients fulfilling the clinical criteria of BBS...
February 1, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131875/gender-differences-in-cardiovascular-prophylaxis-focus-on-antiplatelet-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Paolo Di Giosia, Gabriella Passacquale, Marco Petrarca, Paolo Giorgini, Alberto Maria Marra, Albert Ferro
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents the leading cause of death worldwide, and equally affects both sexes although women develop disease at an older age than men. A number of clinical evidence has identified the female sex as an independent factor for poor prognosis, with the rate of mortality and disability following an acute cardiovascular (CV) event being higher in women than men. It has been argued that the different level of platelet reactivity between sexes may account for a different responsiveness to anti-platelet therapy, with consequent important implications on clinical outcomes...
January 25, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125943/a-comparison-of-physical-activity-physical-fitness-levels-bmi-and-blood-pressure-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability-who-do-and-do-not-take-part-in-special-olympics-ireland-programmes
#17
Denise Walsh, Sarahjane Belton, Sarah Meegan, Kirsty Bowers, Deidre Corby, Anthony Staines, Treasa McVeigh, Michael McKeon, Edel Hoey, Dominic Trépel, Peter Griffin, Mary Rose Sweeney
People with an intellectual disability are less physically active, live more sedentary lives, have lower fitness levels and are more likely to be overweight or obese than the general population. No evidence exists on the impact of participation in Special Olympics Ireland (SOI) on physical activity and physical fitness levels. Adults with intellectual disabilities (16-64 years) were recruited from services and SOI clubs. Physical measures included waist circumference, height, weight, blood pressure, heart rate and 6-min walking test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125441/impact-of-elevated-body-mass-index-and-obesity-on-long-term-surgical-outcomes-for-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-analysis-of-a-combined-prospective-dataset
#18
Jefferson R Wilson, Lindsay A Tetreault, Gregory Schroeder, James S Harrop, Srinivas Prasad, Alex Vaccaro, Christopher Kepler, Ashwini Sharan, Michael G Fehlings
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of a combined prospective dataset. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of preoperative body mass index (BMI) on surgical outcomes in degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although elevated BMI has been shown to have a deleterious impact on outcomes after lumbar spine surgery, limited evidence is available regarding its impact in DCM. METHODS: Analyses were completed using a combined North American/International prospective surgical DCM dataset from 26 participating centers...
February 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112078/abdominal-obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-disability-in-brazilian-older-adults
#19
Ligiana Pires Corona, Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lúcia Lebrão
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of abdominal obesity in the incidence of disability in older adults living in São Paulo, Brazil, in a 5-year period. DESIGN: Longitudinal study, part of the SABE Study (Health, Wellbeing and Aging). We assessed the disability incidence in the period (reported difficulty in at least one activity of daily living (ADL) in 2010) in relation to abdominal obesity in 2006 (waist circumference ≥102 cm in men and ≥88 cm in women). We used Poisson regression to evaluate the association between obesity and disability incidence, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors including BMI...
January 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103494/factors-associated-with-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-by-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#20
Roger J Stancliffe, Lynda L Anderson
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have sedentary lifestyles. AIMS: (a) compare adults with IDD with the general adult population on adherence to U.S. physical activity (PA) guidelines, and (b) determine what factors predict adherence to PA guidelines by adults with IDD. METHODS: We compared adults with IDD from the 2011-2012 National Core Indicators Adult Consumer Survey (NCI-ACS) with the general U...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
keyword
keyword
14473
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"