keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

obesity and disability

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329773/total-energy-expenditure-and-body-composition-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#1
Michele Polfuss, Kathleen J Sawin, Paula E Papanek, Linda Bandini, Bethany Forseth, Andrea Moosreiner, Kimberley Zvara, Dale A Schoeller
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence is increased in children with developmental disabilities, specifically in children with spina bifida and Down syndrome. Energy expenditure, a critical aspect of weight management, has been extensively studied in the typically developing population, but not adequately studied in children with developmental disabilities. OBJECTIVE: Determine energy expenditure, fat-free mass and body fat percentile and the impact of these findings on recommended caloric intake in children with spina bifida and Down syndrome...
December 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327328/genetic-analysis-of-very-obese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Herman D Cortes, Rachel Wevrick
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is defined by the triad of deficits in social interactions, deficits in communication, and repetitive behaviors. Common co-morbidities in syndromic forms of ASD include intellectual disability, seizures, and obesity. We asked whether very obese children with ASD had different behavioral, physical and genetic characteristics compared to children with ASD who were not obese. We found that very obese children with ASD had significantly poorer scores on standardized behavioral tests...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321841/reversed-gender-ratio-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-smith-magenis-syndrome
#3
Heidi Elisabeth Nag, Ann Nordgren, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Terje Nærland
Background: A substantial amount of research shows a higher rate of autistic type of problems in males compared to females. The 4:1 male to female ratio is one of the most consistent findings in autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Lately, the interest in studying ASD in genetic disorders has increased, and research has shown a higher prevalence of ASD in some genetic disorders than in the general population.Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a rare and complex genetic syndrome caused by an interstitial deletion of chromosome 17p11...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321684/leptin-and-the-maintenance-of-elevated-body-weight
#4
REVIEW
Warren W Pan, Martin G Myers
Obesity represents the single most important risk factor for early disability and death in developed societies, and the incidence of obesity remains at staggering levels. CNS systems that modulate energy intake and expenditure in response to changes in body energy stores serve to maintain constant body adiposity; the adipocyte-derived hormone leptin and its receptor (LEPR) represent crucial regulators of these systems. As in the case of insulin resistance, a variety of mechanisms (including feedback inhibition, inflammation, gliosis and endoplasmic reticulum stress) have been proposed to interfere with leptin action and impede the systems that control body energy homeostasis to promote or maintain obesity, although the relative importance and contribution of each of these remain unclear...
January 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311038/changes-in-energy-intake-and-diet-quality-during-an-18-month-weight-management-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#5
Lauren T Ptomey, Felicia L Steger, Jaehoon Lee, Debra K Sullivan, Jeannine R Goetz, Jeffery J Honas, Richard A Washburn, Cheryl A Gibson, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are at risk for poor diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine whether two different weight-loss diets affect energy intake, macronutrient intake, and diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) during a 6-month weight-loss period and 12-month weight-management period, and to examine differences in energy intake, macronutrient intake, and HEI-2010 between groups...
January 6, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310742/utility-of-arterial-stiffness-assessment-in-children
#6
Chaitanya Panchangam, Eric Dean Merrill, Geetha Raghuveer
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and the atherosclerotic process begins in childhood. Prevention or containment of risk factors that accelerate atherosclerosis can delay the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Although current recommendations are to periodically screen for commonly prevailing risk factors for atherosclerosis in children, a single test that could quantify the cumulative effect of all risk factors on the vasculature, thus assessing arterial health, would be helpful in further stratifying risk...
January 9, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310621/common-risk-indicators-for-oral-diseases-and-obesity-in-12-year-olds-a-south-pacific-cross-sectional-study
#7
Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Hélène Pichot, Bernard Rouchon, Bruno Pereira, Martine Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing need to prevent obesity and oral diseases in adolescents worldwide, few studies have investigated the link existing between these conditions and their common risk factors. This study aims to evaluate the oral health and weight status of New Caledonian Children (aged 6,9,12 years) and to identify, amongst 12-year-olds, risk indicators that may characterize the groups of children affected by oral diseases, obesity or both diseases. METHODS: This survey evaluated in 2011-2012 the oral health and stature-weight status and related risk indicators in a national representative sample of 6, 9 and 12 years-old children in New Caledonia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308672/distal-radius-fractures-does-obesity-affect-fracture-pattern-treatment-and-functional-outcomes
#8
Michael D Montague, Jesse T Lewis, Obadah Moushmoush, Jaiyoung Ryu
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are 16% of fractures treated by orthopedic surgeons. Obesity's influence on DRF complexity has not been studied. This study was undertaken to determine if body mass index (BMI) affects DRF pattern, treatment, and functional outcomes. METHODS: Part 1 was a retrospective review of patients who sustained a DRF after a fall from standing height with no prior reduction or treatment. Radiographs were classified as "simple" or "complex...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297775/understanding-high-incidence-of-severe-obesity-and-very-low-food-security-in-food-pantry-clients-implications-for-social-work
#9
Michelle L Kaiser, Anne Cafer
The United States is facing two interconnected social and public health crises of severe obesity and food insecurity within the social-ecological environment. Marginalized groups experience the highest rates and the greatest impacts in terms of morbidity, mortality, and financial burdens. Consequences include experiencing multimorbidities, mental health issues, and decreased quality of life. Food pantries have served as spaces to obtain food to meet household needs, but for some, food pantries have become long-term solutions...
January 3, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296097/physical-activity-derived-from-questionnaires-and-wrist-worn-accelerometers-comparability-and-the-role-of-demographic-lifestyle-and-health-factors-among-a-population-based-sample-of-older-adults
#10
Chantal M Koolhaas, Frank Ja van Rooij, Magda Cepeda, Henning Tiemeier, Oscar H Franco, Josje D Schoufour
Background: Agreement between questionnaires and accelerometers to measure physical activity (PA) differs between studies and might be related to demographic, lifestyle, and health characteristics, including disability and depressive symptoms. Methods: We included 1,410 individuals aged 51-94 years from the population-based Rotterdam Study. Participants completed the LASA Physical Activity Questionnaire and wore a wrist-worn accelerometer on the nondominant wrist for 1 week thereafter...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290130/women-fare-best-following-surgery-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-comparison-of-the-most-and-least-satisfied-patients-utilizing-data-from-the-quality-outcomes-database
#11
Andrew K Chan, Erica F Bisson, Mohamad Bydon, Steven D Glassman, Kevin T Foley, Eric A Potts, Christopher I Shaffrey, Mark E Shaffrey, Domagoj Coric, John J Knightly, Paul Park, Kai-Ming Fu, Jonathan R Slotkin, Anthony L Asher, Michael S Virk, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Silky Chotai, Anthony M DiGiorgio, Alvin Y Chan, Regis W Haid, Praveen V Mummaneni
OBJECTIVE The American Association of Neurological Surgeons launched the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD), a prospective longitudinal registry that includes demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome (PRO) data, to measure the safety and quality of neurosurgical procedures, including spinal surgery. Differing results from recent randomized controlled trials have established a need to clarify the groups that would most benefit from surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. In the present study, the authors compared patients who were the most and the least satisfied following surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286319/cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-non-pharmaceutical-ischemic-stroke-therapy-in-aged-subjects
#12
REVIEW
Raluca Elena Sandu, Danut Dumbrava, Roxana Surugiu, Daniela-Gabriela Glavan, Andrei Gresita, Eugen Bogdan Petcu
The incidence of ischemic stroke in humans increases exponentially above 70 years both in men and women. Comorbidities like diabetes, arterial hypertension or co-morbidity factors such as hypercholesterolemia, obesity and body fat distribution as well as fat-rich diet and physical inactivity are common in elderly persons and are associated with higher risk of stroke, increased mortality and disability. Obesity could represent a state of chronic inflammation that can be prevented to some extent by non-pharmaceutical interventions such as calorie restriction and hypothermia...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281599/unpacking-barriers-to-healthy-lifestyles-from-the-perspective-of-youth-with-disabilities-and-their-parents
#13
Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar, Alexander Agudelo Orozco, Melina Mate, Claudia Garcia
Adolescents and young adults with disabilities experience several health inequalities and challenges in maintaining healthy lifestyles. As a group, individuals with disabilities experience higher rates of obesity compared to youth without disabilities. This study was designed to examine the types of challenges experienced by youth with disabilities and parents of youth with disabilities in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Strong evidence indicates that having a healthy lifestyle and preventing obesity are not only the result of an individual's behavior related to physical activity and consumption of healthy products but also several complex factors in the person's environment...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280230/high-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-hypertension-and-obesity-among-persons-with-a-recorded-diagnosis-of-intellectual-disability-or-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
E Flygare Wallén, G Ljunggren, A C Carlsson, D Pettersson, P Wändell
BACKGROUND: Obesity and lack of physical activity are frequently reported in persons with intellectual disability (ID) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We hypothesised a higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in this population. METHOD: We used administrative data for all primary and specialist outpatient and inpatient healthcare consultations for people with at least one recorded diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, hypertension or obesity from 1998 to 2015...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258975/public-perceptions-regarding-use-of-virtual-reality-in-health-care-a-social-media-content-analysis-using-facebook
#15
Michelle Sophie Keller, Hannah J Park, Maria Elena Cunningham, Joshua Eleazar Fouladian, Michelle Chen, Brennan Mason Ross Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) technology provides an immersive environment that enables users to have modified experiences of reality. VR is increasingly used to manage patients with pain, disability, obesity, neurologic dysfunction, anxiety, and depression. However, public opinion regarding the use of VR in health care has not been explored. Understanding public opinion of VR is critical to ensuring effective implementation of this emerging technology. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine public opinion about health care VR using social listening, a method that allows for the exploration of unfiltered views of topics discussed on social media and online forums...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258769/calcium-and-vitamin-d-in-human-health-hype-or-real
#16
REVIEW
Sunil J Wimalawansa, DSc Mohammed S Razzaque, Nasser M Al-Daghri
The incidence and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency are increasing worldwide. It is estimated that over 50% of population in the world have low in vitamin D (i.e., hypovitaminosis D; levels below 30 ng/mL). 80% of our vitamin D requirement comes from the ultraviolet rays from sunlight, and for the remainder, we rely from the diet and supplements. The latter become important when one is exposing to less than optimal amounts of sunlight, inability of the skin to generate vitamin D efficiently, and/or having secondary causes that leads to increase catabolism of vitamin D...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240555/daily-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-by-disability-status-among-adults-in-23-states-and-the-district-of-columbia
#17
Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Dianna D Carroll, Catherine A Okoro
INTRODUCTION: Information on dietary intake, including sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), for adults with disabilities is limited. Such information can inform interventions to prevent chronic disease and promote health among adults with disabilities. The objective of this study was to describe the associations between SSB consumption and disability among adults. METHODS: We examined data on adults aged 18 years or older in 23 states and the District of Columbia who participated in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 150,760)...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240042/range-of-motion-limitations-of-the-upper-body-in-obese-female-workers
#18
Nicola Cau, Veronica Cimolin, Luisa Brugliera, Giuseppe Ventura, Manuela Galli, Paolo Capodaglio
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide, and the economic consequences of an increased percentage of obese workers are relevant in terms of health costs and absences from work. Obesity is associated with reduced participation in the workforce, increased absence from work, disability and health costs, lower salaries and reduced productivity. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at quantifying the limitations in range of motion (ROM) of the upper limb and the trunk of obese workers during basic occupational tasks...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237284/pain-worsening-with-physical-activity-during-migraine-attacks-in-women-with-overweight-obesity-a-prospective-evaluation-of-frequency-consistency-and-correlates
#19
Samantha G Farris, J Graham Thomas, Ana M Abrantes, Richard B Lipton, Jelena Pavlovic, Todd A Smitherman, Megan B Irby, Donald B Penzien, Julie Roth, Kevin C O'Leary, Dale S Bond
Background Migraine is a neurological disease involving recurrent attacks of moderate-to-severe and disabling head pain. Worsening of pain with routine physical activity during attacks is a principal migraine symptom; however, the frequency, individual consistency, and correlates of this symptom are unknown. Given the potential of this symptom to undermine participation in daily physical activity, an effective migraine prevention strategy, further research is warranted. This study is the first to prospectively evaluate (a) frequency and individual consistency of physical activity-related pain worsening during migraine attacks, and (b) potential correlates, including other migraine symptoms, anthropometric characteristics, psychological symptoms, and daily physical activity...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236131/trends-in-incidence-and-long-term-outcomes-of-myelomeningocele-in-british-columbia
#20
Taylor North, Alexander Cheong, Paul Steinbok, Julia Ae Radic
PURPOSE: Myelomeningocele is typically a disabling condition that results in neurologic, orthopedic, and urologic morbidity. The aim of this study was to examine the trends over time in both incidence and outcomes of myelomeningocele (MMC) in British Columbia (BC). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all children with MMC followed in the British Columbia Children's Hospital (BCCH) Spinal Cord Clinic between 1971 and 2016. The incidence of new MMC cases and the long-term outcomes of MMC were compared between two 10-year cohorts...
December 13, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
14473
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"