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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045623/the-influence-of-circadian-timing-on-olfactory-sensitivity
#1
Rachel S Herz, Eliza Van Reen, David Barker, Cassie J Hilditch, Ashten Bartz, Mary A Carskadon
Olfactory sensitivity has traditionally been viewed as a trait that varies according to individual differences but is not expected to change with one's momentary state. Recent research has begun to challenge this position and time of day has been shown to alter detection levels. Links between obesity and the timing of food intake further raise the issue of whether odor detection may vary as a function of circadian processes. To investigate this question, thirty-seven (21 male) adolescents (M age =13.7 years) took part in a 28-hr forced-desynchrony (FD) protocol with 17...
October 17, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045048/relationship-of-circulating-spexin-with-markers-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-pilot-study-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#2
S Kumar, M J Hossain, A Javed, I J Kullo, P B Balagopal
PURPOSE: Spexin, a novel peptide, has potential implications in obesity, satiety and energy homeostasis. The current study examined the relationship of spexin with various biomarkers of cardiovascular disease and endothelial function in adolescents with obesity. METHODS: Nineteen adolescents with obesity (age, 15.8 ± 1.7 years) were studied. Spexin, leptin and various cardiovascular disease biomarkers were measured. Endothelial function was assessed by high-resolution Doppler ultrasonography of the right brachial artery...
October 18, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038389/association-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-iranian-adolescents-caspian-iii-study
#3
Ramin Tajbakhsh, Ramin Heshmat, Saeid Safiri, Mahya Vafaeenia, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Morteza Mansourian, Shaghayegh Beshtar, Omid Safari, Hamid Asayesh, Hossein Ansari, Mostafa Qorbani, Roya Kelishadi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the association of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with cardiometabolic risk factors in Iranian adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of the 3rd round of a school-based surveillance system entitled "Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and PreventIon of Adult Non-communicable Disease (CASPIAN III)" study was used for this study. A sample of 367 adolescents aged between 10 and 18 years was randomly selected. Glomerular filtration rate was estimated using the original and the updated Schwartz equations...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037203/the-impact-of-an-innovative-web-based-school-nutrition-intervention-to-increase-fruits-and-vegetables-and-milk-and-alternatives-in-adolescents-a-clustered-randomized-trial
#4
Karine Chamberland, Marina Sanchez, Shirin Panahi, Véronique Provencher, Jocelyn Gagnon, Vicky Drapeau
BACKGROUND: The increase in overweight and obesity in adolescents and its health-related consequences highlight the need to develop strategies, which could help them adopt healthy eating habits. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an innovative web-based school nutrition intervention (Team Nutriathlon) aimed at promoting the consumption of vegetables and fruit (V/F) and milk and alternatives (M/A) in high school students and to identify facilitators and/or barriers influencing its success...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036998/-association-between-polymorphism-of-rs10185316-in-insulin-induced-gene-2-and-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents
#5
Y D Yang, J Y Song, F H Liu, X R Shang, H J Wang, J Ma
Objective: To examine the association between polymorphism of rs10185316 in insulin-induced gene 2 (INSIG2) and blood pressure among children and adolescents. Methods: 9 junior middle schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing and 5 schools (3 primary junior middle schools, 2 primary schools) in Haidian District of Beijing were chosen in 2005 and 2007, respectively. According to the Chinese BMI percentile criteria for screening overweight and obesity in school children, we recruited 1 425 overweight or obese children and 605 normal weight children...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032321/acne-in-late-adolescence-is-not-associated-with-a-raised-risk-of-subsequent-malignant-melanoma-among-men
#6
Teresa Mota Garcia, Ayako Hiyoshi, Ruzan Udumyan, Hugo Sjöqvist, Katja Fall, Scott Montgomery
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association of acne in late adolescence with the risk for subsequent malignant melanoma (MM) in men. METHODS: Swedish register-based cohort study of 242,096 males born between 1952 and 1956, who took part in compulsory assessments for Swedish military conscription in late adolescence between 1969 and 1975, with subsequent diagnoses of MM (n=1,058) up to December 31, 2009. Covariates included measures of childhood circumstances and information from adolescence on presence of acne, physical fitness, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), and a summary of diagnoses...
October 12, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032185/the-moderating-effects-of-acculturation-on-the-relation-of-parenting-strategies-to-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-in-hispanic-daughters
#7
Norma Olvera, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Mijin Kim, Alexandria Posada, Madeline Rancine, Consuelo Arbona
There is a dearth of research regarding the association of child and parent traits to the use of unhealthy weight control behaviors among minority girls with obesity. This study examined the moderating effects of mothers' and daughters' acculturation in the relation of parenting strategies (setting limits, monitoring and discipline) to unhealthy weight control behaviors in Hispanic girls with obesity. Participants included 148 Hispanic mother-daughter dyads (Mage = 39.1, SD = 6.4 years; Mage = 11.3, SD = 1...
October 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031643/physical-fitness-and-psychological-health-in-overweight-obese-children-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-activebrains-project
#8
M Rodriguez-Ayllon, C Cadenas-Sanchez, I Esteban-Cornejo, J H Migueles, J Mora-Gonzalez, P Henriksson, M Martín-Matillas, A Mena-Molina, P Molina-García, F Estévez-López, G M Enriquez, J C Perales, J R Ruiz, A Catena, F B Ortega
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of physical fitness (i.e. cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and speed/agility) with psychological distress and psychological well-being in overweight/obese pre-adolescent children. DESIGN: 110 overweight/obese children (10.0±1.1years old, 61 boys) from the ActiveBrains project (http://profith.ugr.es/activebrains) participated in this cross-sectional study. METHODS: Physical fitness was evaluated by the ALPHA battery test...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029897/worldwide-trends-in-body-mass-index-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-from-1975-to-2016-a-pooled-analysis-of-2416-population-based-measurement-studies-in-128%C3%A2-9-million-children-adolescents-and-adults
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in mean body-mass index (BMI) and a comprehensive set of BMI categories that cover underweight to obesity in children and adolescents, and to compare trends with those of adults. METHODS: We pooled 2416 population-based studies with measurements of height and weight on 128·9 million participants aged 5 years and older, including 31·5 million aged 5-19 years...
October 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027646/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-obese-toddlers-and-preschool-children
#10
Saadoun Bin-Hasan, Sherri Katz, Zoe Nugent, Joy Nehme, Zihang Lu, Abdullah Khayat, Suhail Al-Saleh, Reshma Amin, Indra Narang
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder estimated at 1-5% in the school-aged children. With the obesity prevalence reaching staggering rates globally, OSA in obese adolescents is estimated to be 4-5-folds higher than their lean peers. There is a paucity of data regarding obesity-related OSA in children 6 years and less. This is particularly relevant as OSA is associated with neurocognitive deficits. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of OSA among obese toddlers and preschool children and further to determine what other factors may be associated with the presence of OSA...
October 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027597/lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-activity-in-obese-adolescents-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes
#11
Julia Seyfarth, Thomas Reinehr, Annika Hoyer, Christina Reinauer, Christina Bächle, Beate Karges, Ertan Mayatepek, Michael Roden, Sabine E Hofer, Susanna Wiegand, Joachim Woelfle, Wieland Kiess, Joachim Rosenbauer, Reinhard W Holl, Thomas Meissner
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) was identified as a strong predictor for cardiovascular events. Furthermore, it is highly associated with obesity. The role of Lp-PLA2 in diabetes mellitus is controversial and analyses, especially in adolescents with type 2 diabetes (T2D), are missing. Therefore, we compared Lp-PLA2 activity between two obese age-, sex-, and BMI-matched cohorts of adolescents with and without T2D. Relationships between Lp-PLA2 activity and age, BMI, hemoglobin A1c, lipids, and adipokines were evaluated...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026505/indicator-for-success-of-obesity-reduction-programs-in-adolescents-body-composition-or-body-mass-index-evaluating-a-school-based-health-promotion-project-after-12-weeks-of-intervention
#12
Naser Kalantari, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Shahram Rafieifar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Atefeh Aminifard, Hanieh Malmir, Narjes Ashoori, Sheyda Abdi, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Saeid Doaei
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adolescence is the strongest risk factor for obesity in adulthood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on different anthropometric indices in 12-16-year-old boy adolescents after 12 Weeks of Intervention. METHODS: A total of 96 male adolescents from two schools participated in this study. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (53 students) and control school (43 students). Height and weight of students were measured and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026489/delphi-survey-for-designing-a-intervention-research-study-on-childhood-obesity-prevention
#13
Min Jeong Kim, Eunju Sung, Eun Young Choi, Young-Su Ju, Eal-Whan Park, Yoo-Seock Cheong, Sunmi Yoo, Kyung Hee Park, Hyung Jin Choi, Seolhye Kim
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity in South Korea has increased owing to economic improvement and the prevailing Westernized dietary pattern. As the incidence of chronic diseases caused by obesity is also expected to increase, effective interventions to prevent childhood obesity are needed. Therefore, we conducted a Delphi study to determine the priorities of a potential intervention research on childhood obesity prevention and its adequacy and feasibility. METHODS: The two-round Delphi technique was used with a panel of 10 childhood obesity experts...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026216/associations-of-maternal-and-cord-blood-adipokines-with-offspring-adiposity-in-project-viva-is-there-an-interaction-with-child-age
#14
L-J Li, S L Rifas-Shiman, I M Aris, J G Young, C Mantzoros, M-F Hivert, E Oken
OBJECTIVES: Higher leptin and lower adiponectin correlate with adult and childhood adiposity, but it is unclear how exposure to these adipokines during gestation relates to offspring growth. We aimed to investigate the relationships of maternal and cord adipokines with offspring adiposity across childhood to early adolescence, as well as interactions with child age. METHODS: In mother-child pairs in the Project Viva cohort, we measured adipokines in mothers at 2nd trimester (n=1106) and in cord blood at birth (n=657)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025201/the-triglyceride-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-in-overweight-korean-children-and-adolescents
#15
Dong-Yoon Yoo, Yu Sun Kang, Eun Byul Kwon, Eun-Gyong Yoo
PURPOSE: The triglyceride-to-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio has recently been reported as a biomarker of cardiometabolic risk in obese children and adolescents. The purpose of this study is to describe the TG/HDL-C ratio and related factors in overweight and normal weight Korean children and to evaluate whether the high TG/HDL-C ratio is associated with insulin resistance in overweight children and adolescents. METHODS: Data from 255 overweight (aged 8...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025133/offspring-risk-of-obesity-in-childhood-adolescence-and-adulthood-in-relation-to-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-sex-specific-association
#16
Shanshan Li, Yeyi Zhu, Edwina Yeung, Jorge E Chavarro, Changzheng Yuan, Alison E Field, Stacey A Missmer, James L Mills, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024955/offspring-risk-of-obesity-in-childhood-adolescence-and-adulthood-in-relation-to-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-sex-specific-association
#17
Shanshan Li, Yeyi Zhu, Edwina Yeung, Jorge E Chavarro, Changzheng Yuan, Alison E Field, Stacey A Missmer, James L Mills, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Animal data suggest sexually dimorphic programming of obesity in response to altered intrauterine environment, but the longitudinal impact of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on sex-specific risk of offspring obesity in humans is unclear. Methods: We conducted a prospective analysis of 15 009 US individuals (7946 female and 7063 male) from the Growing-Up Today Study, who were followed from 1996 (ages 9-14 years) through 2010. Height and weight from validated questionnaires were used to derive body mass index (BMI) at different ages...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024367/commissioning-guidance-for-weight-assessment-and-management-in-adults-and-children-with-severe-complex-obesity
#18
REVIEW
R Welbourn, J Hopkins, J B Dixon, N Finer, C Hughes, R Viner, J Wass
The challenge of managing the epidemic of patients with severe and complex obesity disease in secondary care is largely unmet. In England, the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence and the National Health Service England have published guidance on the provision of specialist (non-surgical) weight management services. We have undertaken a systematic review of 'what evidence exists for what should happen in/commissioning of: primary or secondary care weight assessment and management clinics in patients needing specialist care for severe and complex obesity?' using an accredited methodology to produce a model for organization of multidisciplinary team clinics that could be developed in every healthcare system, as an update to a previous review...
October 10, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023978/weight-gain-after-treatment-of-graves-disease-in-children
#19
G Todd Alonso, Shona Rabon, Perrin C White
OBJECTIVE: The frequency of and risk factors for weight gain in children treated for Graves disease have not been described. We evaluated change in BMI Z score and predictors of weight gain in this population. DESIGN: Retrospective review of data from January 2000 to July 2011. PATIENTS: 222 children and adolescents with Graves' disease (ages 2-18 years) evaluated following radioactive iodine administration (RAI) (n=101), thyroidectomy (n=9), and initiation of medical therapy (n=112)...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023233/compa%C3%A3-eros-high-school-students-mentor-middle-school-students-to-address-obesity-among-hispanic-adolescents
#20
Katherine R Arlinghaus, Jennette P Moreno, Layton Reesor, Daphne C Hernandez, Craig A Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Promotoras, Hispanic community health workers, are frequently employed to promote health behavioral change with culturally bound Hispanic lifestyle behaviors. Peer health mentors have been used in schools to promote healthy nutrition and physical activity behaviors among students. This study investigates the efficacy of combining these 2 approaches by training high school health mentors, called compañeros, to engage Hispanic middle school students in a school-based obesity intervention as a strategy to promote and sustain reductions in standardized body mass index (zBMI)...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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