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obesity and adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656036/laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-psychological-aspects-decision-makers-of-surgery-and-2-year-outcomes-a-case-series
#1
E Riquin, F Schmitt, N Bouhours-Nouet, M Beaumesnil, M Dinomais, J Malka, M Robin, R Coutant, P Duverger
BACKGROUND: The results of medical treatment of severe obesity in the adolescent population (balanced diet and physical activity) are often unsatisfactory, and bariatric surgery is questioned. The psychological determinants for requesting bariatric surgery in these adolescents are unclear. The objective of this study was to report the psychiatric and psychological aspects as well as the determinants of the medical decision for surgery in a cohort of obese adolescents requesting bariatric surgery by laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding...
April 11, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652667/glycated-hemoglobin-a1c-as-a-screening-test-for-detecting-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#2
Jong Seo Yoon, Cheol Hwan So, Hae Sang Lee, Jin Soon Hwang
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic cutoff points for indicators of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the pediatric population have not been defined thus far. METHODS: A retrospective, single-center study was conducted from April 2003 to May 2016. We enrolled 236 overweight or obese children and adolescents aged 4-17 years. Thirty-nine (26.9%) of 145 patients had T2DM according to the oral glucose tolerance test results. RESULTS: A glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level of 6...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651819/biochemical-predictors-of-early-onset-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-young-children-with-obesity
#3
Ju Young Kim, Jinmin Cho, Hye Ran Yang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and their associated risk factors are not well-established in young children with obesity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of early onset NAFLD and identify its biochemical predictors in obese children aged less than 10 years. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, laboratory tests, and abdominal ultrasonography (USG) were performed in all subjects...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651318/the-prevalence-of-elevated-blood-pressure-in-a-sample-of-slovene-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#4
Tjaša Hertiš, Tadej Petek, Nataša Marčun Varda
Introduction: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of prehypertensive and elevated blood pressure in the hypertensive range (elevated BP) and obtain some anthropometric measures in Slovene children and adolescents. Methods: In the cross-sectional study lasting one year, we measured BP using mercury sphygmomanometers, as well as height, weight, waist, and hip circumferences in schools. Data from regular check-ups (oscillometric measurements) were also added to increase the sample size...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650509/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factor-clustering-in-children-and-adolescents-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Young-Gyun Seo, Min-Kyu Choi, Jae-Heon Kang, Hye-Ja Lee, Han Byul Jang, Sang Ick Park, Young Soo Ju, Kyung Hee Park
OBJECTIVE: The early identification of predictors related to cardiovascular disease risk factor clustering (CVD-RFC) can help prevent chronic disease. We aimed to identify the risk factors for CVD-RFC in adolescents. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal cohort study design was used to obtain data included in these analyses from school-aged children who participated in the Korean Child-Adolescent Study 2008-2014. A total of 1309 children aged 6-15 years were enrolled...
April 12, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650237/relation-between-wrist-circumference-and-left-ventricular-structure-in-overweight-children
#6
Simona Zampetti, Giuseppe Campagna, Gaetano Leto, Federica Lucantoni, Luca D'Onofrio, Lidia Marandola, Chiara Moretti, Claudio Chiesa, Lucia Pacifico, Raffaella Buzzetti
The aim of this study was to assess the relation of wrist circumference with changes in left ventricular (LV) structure in a population of overweight/obese children and adolescents. One hundred and six children and adolescents were consecutively enrolled. In all subjects body weight, height, wrist circumference, waist circumference, body mass index-standard deviation score, fasting glucose, insulin, lipid profile, and blood pressure were evaluated. All subjects underwent echocardiographic assessment, and the following parameters were evaluated: LV dimension at end diastole and LV dimension at end systole, LV posterior wall thickness at end diastole and LV posterior wall thickness at end systole, interventricular septal thickness at end diastole and interventricular septal thickness at end systole, LV mass, and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT)...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649809/body-mass-index-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children-and-adolescents-with-high-birth-weight
#7
Daniel L Ledo, Fabíola Isabel Suano-Souza, Maria do Carmo P Franco, Maria Wany L Strufaldi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to identify a possible association among high birth weight with overweight/obesity, high arterial blood pressure, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance in children and adolescents. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with 719 children and adolescents (6-12 years) stratified according to birth weight (low birth weight [LBW] <2,500 g, adequate birth weight [ABW] 2,500-3,999 g, and high birth weight [HBW] ≥4,000 g). Data collected were anthropometric data, arterial blood pressure levels, lipid profile, and insulin resistance (fasting glucose and insulin, used to calculate homeostatic model assessment-IR)...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649791/the-long-term-impact-of-high-levels-of-alpha-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-in-energy-balance-among-obese-adolescents
#8
Ana Claudia Pelissari Kravchychyn, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Sofia Emanuelle de Castro Ferreira Vicente, Yasmin Alaby Martins Ferreira, Patrícia Leão Silva, Aline de Piano Ganen, Lila Missae Oyama, Lian Tock, Marco Túlio de Mello, Sérgio Tufik, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
BACKGROUND: Deregulation of orexigenic and anorexigenic pathways occurs among adolescents with obesity. Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a key catabolic mediator of energy homeostasis and an important anorexigenic neuropeptide in the control of energy balance and thermogenesis. However, it was not well explored if α-MSH can modulate long-term weight loss therapy responses in a dependent manner according to its concentration. Our hypothesis is that a high α-MSH concentration at baseline promotes better modulation of anorexigenic/orexigenic pathways in obese adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649377/vitamin-d-status-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-obesity-effect-of-physical-activity-in-nonvitamin-d-supplemented-adolescents
#9
Md Jobayer Hossain, Alexa Levinson, Donald George, Jose Canas, Seema Kumar, P Babu Balagopal
BACKGROUND: The relationship among inadequate vitamin D status, obesity, and cardiometabolic risk and the potential impact of physical activity-based interventions on vitamin D status are poorly characterized in children. This study aimed to address these issues. METHODS: We studied a total of 21 adolescents (15 obese and 6 normal weight; age: 14-18 years; Tanner stage>IV). Adolescents with obesity (n = 15) underwent a randomized controlled (8 in the intervention group and 7 in the control group) 3-month physical activity-based lifestyle intervention...
March 13, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648569/the-childhood-role-in-development-of-primary-hypertension
#10
Bonita Falkner
Primary hypertension is not just an adult disorder. Current US population data on children and adolescents demonstrate a prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and hypertension combined of over 10%. Recent reports from prospective cohort studies describe an association of high BP in childhood with hypertension in young adulthood. Excess adiposity is strongly associated with higher BP in childhood and increases risk for hypertension in adulthood. In addition to overweight/obesity, other exposures that raise the risk for high BP include low birthweight, dietary sodium, and stress...
April 10, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643156/indecho-study-cohort-study-investigating-birth-size-childhood-growth-and-young-adult-cardiovascular-risk-factors-as-predictors-of-midlife-myocardial-structure-and-function-in-south-asians
#11
Senthil K Vasan, Ambuj Roy, Viji Thomson Samuel, Belavendra Antonisamy, Santosh K Bhargava, Anoop George Alex, Bhaskar Singh, Clive Osmond, Finney S Geethanjali, Fredrik Karpe, Harshpal Sachdev, Kanhaiya Agrawal, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Nikhil Tandon, Nihal Thomas, Prasanna S Premkumar, Prrathepa Asaithambi, Sneha F X Princy, Sikha Sinha, Thomas Vizhalil Paul, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Caroline H D Fall
INTRODUCTION: South Asians have high rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia and central obesity). Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dysfunction are features of these disorders and important predictors of CVD mortality. Lower birth and infant weight and greater childhood weight gain are associated with increased adult CVD mortality, but there are few data on their relationship to LV function. The IndEcho study will examine associations of birth size, growth during infancy, childhood and adolescence and CVD risk factors in young adulthood with midlife cardiac structure and function in South Asian Indians...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626353/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-maladaptive-eating-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-or-obesity
#12
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Kathryn E Smith, Ross D Crosby, Hope K Boyd, Elizabeth Dougherty, Scott G Engel, Alissa Haedt-Matt
OBJECTIVES: Contextual factors related to maladaptive eating behavior in youth with overweight/obesity are poorly understood. This pilot study sought to elucidate immediate internal and external cues related to perceptions of overeating and loss of control (LOC) over eating in a heterogeneous sample of children and adolescents with overweight/obesity assessed in their natural environments. METHOD: Community-based youth [N = 40; 55% female (n = 22)], aged 8-14 y (M age = 11...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624412/prenatal-development-and-adolescent-obesity-two-distinct-pathways-to-diabetes-in-adulthood
#13
Janne Boone-Heinonen, Rebecca M Sacks, Erin E Takemoto, Elizabeth R Hooker, Nathan F Dieckmann, Curtis S Harrod, Kent L Thornburg
OBJECTIVE: Higher body-mass index (BMI) and lower birth weight (BW) are associated with elevated risk of diabetes in adulthood, but the extent to which they compose two distinct pathways is unclear. METHODS: We used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a cohort of adolescents (1994-1995) followed for 14 years over four waves into adulthood (n = 13,413). Sex-stratified path analysis was used to examine pathways from BW [kg; linear (BW) and quadratic (BW2 )] to latent trajectories in BMI from adolescence to adulthood to prevalent diabetes or prediabetes (pre/diabetes) in adulthood, adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics...
April 6, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623017/rising-incidence-of-obesity-in-saudi-residents-a-threatening-challenge-for-the-surgeons
#14
Azzam Al-Kadi, Arshad M Malik, Ali E Mansour
Objective: Obesity is thought to correlate very strongly with individuals general lifestyles. This study was conducted to determine whether lifestyle patterns were potential risk factors for morbid obesity in Saudi residents. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Unaizah City, Qassim Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, over a 1-year period from March 2013 to March 2014. The study included 646 residents from the general public of Unaizah who were selected by convenient sampling at a mall and a public sector university, regardless of age and gender, and were given questionnaires regarding the details of their lifestyle patterns...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620921/vast-differences-in-psychotropic-prescription-rates-but-not-outcomes-for-obese-adolescents-in-immersion-treatment-across-geographical-regions
#15
Ross Krawczyk, Daniel S Kirschenbaum, Kristen J Caraher
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is recognized as a worldwide epidemic. Treatment of this problem has proven difficult, but many promising interventions exist, including immersion treatment. The purpose of this study is to examine the potential influence of psychotropic medications on immersion treatment outcomes in a real-world treatment setting. METHODS: This study examines the prescription rates of psychotropic medications and treatment process and outcomes of 642 adolescents in ten different cognitive behavioral therapeutic immersion weight-loss camps in the United States and in the United Kingdom...
April 5, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620919/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-chinese-school-age-children-and-adolescents-from-2010-to-2015
#16
Jing Zhang, Xinyue Li, Nicola Hawley, Zhijie Zheng, Zhen Zou, Linglin Tan, Qian Chen, Hong Shi, Hongyu Zhao, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: In China, recent rapid economic growth has been associated with increasing prevalence of childhood obesity. This study aimed to provide the most updated prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity among school-age children and adolescents in Shanghai, China, in 2010-2015. METHODS: Annual physical examination data were collected from 66,410, 43,812, 104,887, 113,667, 119,401, and 109,068 school children and adolescents aged 6-17 in Minhang District, Shanghai, in 2010-2015...
April 5, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619385/the-relationship-between-anthropometric-index-and-primary-dysmenorehea-in-female-high-school-students
#17
Mostafa Rad, Marzieh Torkamannejad Sabzevari, Sedigheh Rastaghi, Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi
INTRODUCTION: Primary dysmenorrhea, painful menstruation without pelvic pathologic complications, is one of the most common problems in women's gynecology and is one of the main causes for women referring to the clinic. Overweight and obesity may play a role in the etiology of primary dysmenorrhea. As a result, this study was conducted to determine the association between primary dysmenorrhea and anthropometric indices in female high school Students. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 high school female students with primary dysmenorrhea in 2017 in Sabzevar...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619157/glomerular-hyperfiltration-as-predictor-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-children-and-adolescents-the-childhood-and-adolescence-surveillance-and-prevention-of-adult-v-study
#18
Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Farahnak Assadi, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Shirin Djalalinia, Ali Shahsavari, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Gita Shafiee, Azadeh Aminianfar, Sajjad Esmaeili, Tahereh Aminaei, Morteza Mansourian, Ramin Heshmat
Background: The prevalence of glomerular hyperfiltration and chronic kidney disease is increasing worldwide in parallel with obesity hypertension epidemic. The effect of increases in glomerular filtrations (GFR) in children with metabolic syndrome has not been studied. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between GFR and cardiometabolic risk factors in a large sample of pediatric population. Methods: In this nationwide survey, 3800 participants were selected by cluster random sampling from 30 provinces in Iran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618327/overweight-adolescents-views-on-physical-activity-experiences-of-participants-in-an-internet-based-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#19
Turid Kristin Bigum Sundar, Knut Løndal, Per Lagerløv, Kari Galvin, Sølvi Helseth
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese adolescents are reported to be less physically active than their peers. Research-based knowledge about their views may contribute to a better understanding of key factors that may foster or undermine motivation for physical activity, and provide knowledge for the future development of interventions. This paper explores experiences of physical activity among overweight adolescents, age 13-14 years, participants in Young & Active, a web-based controlled trial intervention to increase physical activity (ClinicalTrials...
April 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615064/childhood-and-adolescent-phenol-and-phthalate-exposure-and-the-age-of-menarche-in-latina-girls
#20
Alexandra M Binder, Camila Corvalan, Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Verónica Mericq, Ana Pereira, Karin B Michels
BACKGROUND: The age of menarche has been associated with metabolic and cardiovascular disease, as well as cancer risk. The decline in menarcheal age over the past century may be partially attributable to increased exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). METHODS: We assessed the influence of 26 phenol and phthalate biomarkers on the timing of menarche in a longitudinal cohort of Chilean girls. These EDCs were quantified in urine collected prior to the onset of breast development (Tanner 1; B1), and during adolescence (Tanner 4; B4)...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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