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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914305/effectiveness-of-a-cross-circuit-exercise-training-program-in-improving-the-fitness-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-enrolled-in-special-education-schools
#1
Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Fen Yang, I-Hua Chu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
This study assessed the effects of a cross-circuit training intervention program on the body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and muscular strength endurance of overweight or obese students with intellectual disability. A total of 43 students with intellectual disability (aged 13-19 years) were enrolled in this program; 28 overweight/obese students were assigned to either an obesity-control group (n=14) or obesity-exercise group (n=14), and those with normal weight were assigned to a normal weight group (n=15)...
November 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897994/disability-physical-inactivity-and-impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-are-not-different-in-metabolically-healthy-vs-unhealthy-obese-subjects
#2
Lorenzo M Donini, Gianluca Merola, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Carla Lubrano, Lucio Gnessi, Stefania Mariani, Silvia Migliaccio, Andrea Lenzi
BACKGROUND: Obesity represents a major health hazard, affecting morbidity, psychological status, physical functionality, quality of life, and mortality. The aim of the present study was to explore the differences between metabolically healthy (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy (MUO) obese subjects with regard to physical activity, disability, and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). METHODS: All subjects underwent a multidimensional evaluation, encompassing the assessment of body composition, metabolic biomarkers and inflammation, physical activity level (IPAQ questionnaire), disability (TSD-OC test), and HR-QoL (SF-36 questionnaire)...
November 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885548/health-related-quality-of-life-in-long-term-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#3
T Nayiager, L Anderson, A Cranston, U Athale, R D Barr
PURPOSE: Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the commonest form of cancer in this age group, suffer considerable morbidity during treatment, with the majority returning to good health soon after therapy has been completed, as reflected in health-related quality of life (HRQL). However, survivors are at risk of many adverse health outcomes later, including obesity, measured by body mass index (BMI), that is compounded by limited physical activity. This study examined the HRQL of long-term survivors of ALL and its relationship to BMI and physical activity...
November 24, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880969/the-prevalence-of-cruciate-ligament-and-meniscus-knee-injury-in-young-adults-and-associations-with-gender-body-mass-index-and-height-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ran Thein, Oded Hershkovich, Barak Gordon, Gideon Burstein, Shay Tenebaum, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamis, Arnon Afek, Yitshak Kreiss
Anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal injuries are associated with secondary osteoarthrosis which may lead to functional impairment and economic burden. The prevalence of knee injury has not been studied in depth. Our purpose was to report the prevalence of knee ligament and meniscal injuries and their associations with gender, body mass index (BMI), and height in young adults and to characterize individuals with meniscal injuries who gained full recovery. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876009/lifestyle-medication-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-mental-and-physical-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#5
George A Jelinek, Alysha M De Livera, Claudia H Marck, Chelsea R Brown, Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, Tracey J Weiland
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (QOL) is a key outcome for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). While modifiable lifestyle factors, like smoking, physical activity and vitamin D, have strong associations with development and progression of MS, few studies have examined such associations with QOL. METHODS: Using patient-reported data from 2312 people with MS from 54 countries, regression models explored associations of socio-demographic, therapeutic and lifestyle factors with QOL, using the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 (MSQOL-54)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873376/extended-long-term-effects-of-cervical-vagal-nerve-stimulation-on-headache-intensity-frequency-and-affective-cognitive-headache-perception-in-drug-resistant-complex-partial-seizure-patients
#6
Bogdan Pintea, Kevin Hampel, Jan Boström, Rainer Surges, Hartmut Vatter, Ilana S Lendvai, Thomas M Kinfe
OBJECTIVES: Invasive vagal nerve stimulation (iVNS) is an established treatment option for drug-resistant focal seizures and has been assumed to diminish frequent co-incidental daily headache/migraine. However, long-term effects on cognitive/affective head pain perception, headache intensity/frequency are lacking. We therefore investigated potential iVNS-induced effects in patients with drug-resistant focal seizure and daily headache/migraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical database was used to select 325 patients with drug-resistant epilepsy treated by either iVNS plus best medical treatment (BMT) or BMT alone, compared to a healthy control group (HC)...
November 22, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853860/patients-who-underwent-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-are-more-physically-active-than-the-general-dutch-population
#7
J M T A Meessen, W F Peter, R Wolterbeek, S C Cannegieter, C Tilbury, M R Bénard, H M J van der Linden, R Onstenk, R Tordoir, S B Vehmeijer, S H M Verdegaal, H M Vermeulen, R G H H Nelissen, T P M Vliet Vlieland
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) bring relief of pain and functional disability to patients with end-stage osteoarthritis, and however, the literature on their impact on patients' level of physical activity (PA) is scarce. Cross-sectional study in patients who underwent THA/TKA surgery in the preceding 6-22 months and a random sample of persons aged >40 years from the Dutch general population, participating in a national survey. PA in minutes per week (min/week) and adherence to the Dutch recommendation for PA (NNGB yes/no) were measured by the short questionnaire to assess health-enhancing PA...
November 16, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844227/a-novel-use-of-the-spine-tango-registry-to-evaluate-selection-bias-in-patient-recruitment-into-clinical-studies-an-analysis-of-patients-participating-in-the-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-outcome-study-lsos
#8
H-J Becker, S Nauer, F Porchet, F S Kleinstück, D Haschtmann, T F Fekete, J Steurer, A F Mannion
PURPOSE: Patients enrolled in clinical studies typically represent a sub-set of all who are eligible, and selection bias may compromise the generalizability of the findings. Using Registry data, we evaluated whether surgical patients recruited by one of the referring centres into the Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Outcome Study (LSOS; a large-scale, multicentre prospective observational study to determine the probability of clinical benefit after surgery) differed in any significant way from those who were eligible but not enrolled...
November 14, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832209/handgrip-strength-and-factors-associated-in-poor-elderly-assisted-at-a-primary-care-unit-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#9
Valéria Teresa Saraiva Lino, Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Gisele O'Dwyer, Mônica Kramer de Noronha Andrade, Inês Echenique Mattos, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a condition diagnosed when the patient presents low muscle mass, plus low muscle strength or low physical performance. Muscle weakness in the oldest (dynapenia) is a major public health concern because it predicts future all-cause mortality and is associated with falls, disability, cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Grip strength is a simple method for assessment of muscle function in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the grip strength and identify factors associated with handgrip strength variation in elderly people with low socioeconomic status...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824658/influences-of-resistance-training-on-physical-function-in-older-obese-men-and-women-with-sarcopenia
#10
Katja Stoever, Anke Heber, Sabine Eichberg, Klara Brixius
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sarcopenic obesity is associated with disability, gait problems, and falls. Activities of daily living such as walking and climbing stairs are physically difficult or impossible for the individual with severe obesity. These aspects also limit participation in recreational activities or exercise programs. However, good muscle function is crucial to maintain functional independence. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of resistance training on physical function in older, obese persons with sarcopenia...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816937/contributors-to-poor-mobility-in-older-adults-integrating-white-matter-hyperintensities-and-conditions-affecting-other-systems
#11
Andrea L Rosso, Stephanie A Studenski, W T Longstreth, Jennifer S Brach, Robert M Boudreau, Caterina Rosano
BACKGROUND: Age-related mobility limitations are debilitating and common. Cerebral white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and conditions affecting other systems are known contributors, but have been studied in isolation. METHODS: In 2,703 adults aged 65 years or older, we assessed cross-sectional and longitudinal gait speed and mobility disability (self-reported difficulty walking half mile) in those with and without high burden of MRI-defined WMH along with six other conditions (OCs) affecting mobility: gender-specific weak grip; poor self-reported vision; gender-specific lowest quartile of forced vital capacity; self-reported joint pain; ankle-arm index less than 0...
November 5, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815217/global-tilt-and-lumbar-lordosis-index-two-parameters-correlating-with-health-related-quality-of-life-scores-but-how-do-they-truly-impact-disability
#12
L Boissière, M Takemoto, A Bourghli, J M Vital, F Pellisé, A Alanay, C Yilgor, E Acaroglu, F J Perez-Grueso, F Kleinstück, I Obeid
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Many radiological parameters have been reported to correlate with patient's disability including sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic tilt (PT), and pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis (PI-LL). European literature reports other parameters such as lumbar lordosis index (LLI) and the global tilt (GT). If most parameters correlate with health-related quality of life scores (HRQLs), their impact on disability remains unclear. PURPOSE: This study aimed to validate these parameters by investigating their correlation with HRQLs...
November 1, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782116/screening-for-muscle-loss-in-patients-established-on-peritoneal-dialysis-using-bioimpedance
#13
G H B Greenhall, A Davenport
: Background/objectivesKidney dialysis patients with sarcopenia have increased mortality. Screening for low muscle mass may allow interventions at an earlier stage to help improve outcomes. We wished to determine the prevalence of low muscle mass in a cohort of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.Subjects/methodsWe measured lean body mass index (LBMI) in 490 PD patients by bioimpedance, grading patients using two different classifications of sarcopenia. RESULTS: LBMI was 9...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760064/the-association-between-body-mass-index-bmi-and-back-or-leg-pain-in-patients-with-spinal-conditions-results-from-the-genodisc-study
#14
Anand Hari Segar, Jill P G Urban, Jeremy C T Fairbank, Andrew Judge
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between obesity, quantified by body mass index (BMI), and both back and leg pain in spinal patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Obesity and back pain are massive public health problems. Given the poor correlation between pain and a pathological change in the spine, further investigation is required into other, nonpathological predictors such as obesity...
October 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757568/bone-mineral-density-and-vitamin-d-status-in-children-with-epilepsy-cerebral-palsy-and-cerebral-palsy-with-epilepsy
#15
Ayse Tosun, Seda Erisen Karaca, Tolga Unuvar, Yakup Yurekli, Cigdem Yenisey, Imran Kurt Omurlu
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) disorders and possible risk factors in patients with epilepsy only (EO), cerebral palsy only (CPO), and cerebral palsy-epilepsy (CP + E). METHODS: A total of 122 patients [EO (n = 54), CPO (n = 30), CP + E (n = 38)] and 30 healthy children were evaluated. BMD was only measured in patient groups, not in control subjects. BMD of lumbar vertebrae was determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
October 18, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749606/investigating-generalisability-of-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-management-of-chronic-widespread-pain-cwp-the-musician-study
#16
Gareth T Jones, Elizabeth A Jones, Marcus J Beasley, Gary J Macfarlane
The generalisability of randomised controlled trials will be compromised if markers of treatment outcome also affect trial recruitment. In a large trial of chronic widespread pain (CWP), we aimed to determine the extent to which randomised participants represented eligible patients, and whether factors predicting randomisation also influenced trial outcome. Adults from eight UK general practices were surveyed to determine eligibility for a trial of two interventions (exercise, and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT))...
September 29, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743488/the-effect-of-lung-transplantation-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-era-of-the-lung-allocation-score-a-u-s-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Jonathan P Singer, Patricia P Katz, Allison Soong, Pavan Shrestha, Debbie Huang, Jennifer Ho, Malori Mindo, John R Greenland, Steven R Hays, Jeffrey Golden, Jasleen Kukreja, Mary Ellen Kleinhenz, Rupal J Shah, Paul D Blanc
Under the U.S. Lung Allocation Score (LAS) system, older and sicker patients are prioritized for lung transplantation (LT). The impact of these changes on health-related quality of life (HRQL) after transplant has not been determined. In a single-center prospective cohort study, from 2010-2016 we assessed HRQL before and repeatedly after LT for up to 3 years using the SF12-Physical and Mental Health, the respiratory-specific Airway Questionnaire 20-Revised, and the Euroqol 5D/Visual Analog Scale utility measures by multivariate linear mixed models jointly modeled with death...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740396/impact-of-obesity-on-complications-and-outcomes-a-comparison-of-fusion-and-nonfusion-lumbar-spine-surgery
#18
Ikemefuna Onyekwelu, Steven D Glassman, Anthony L Asher, Christopher I Shaffrey, Praveen V Mummaneni, Leah Y Carreon
OBJECTIVE Prior studies have shown obesity to be associated with higher complication rates but equivalent clinical outcomes following lumbar spine surgery. These findings have been reproducible across lumbar spine surgery in general and for lumbar fusion specifically. Nevertheless, surgeons seem inclined to limit the extent of surgery, perhaps opting for decompression alone rather than decompression plus fusion, in obese patients. The purpose of this study was to ascertain any difference in clinical improvement or complication rates between obese and nonobese patients following decompression alone compared with decompression plus fusion for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733284/global-regional-and-national-comparative-risk-assessment-of-79-behavioural-environmental-and-occupational-and-metabolic-risks-or-clusters-of-risks-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 provides an up-to-date synthesis of the evidence for risk factor exposure and the attributable burden of disease. By providing national and subnational assessments spanning the past 25 years, this study can inform debates on the importance of addressing risks in context. METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease Study to estimate attributable deaths, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and trends in exposure by age group, sex, year, and geography for 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks from 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729026/urinary-iodine-and-thyroid-determinants-in-pregnancy-a-follow-up-study-in-sri-lanka
#20
Eric De Zoysa, Manjula Hettiarachchi, Chandrani Liyanage
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency and thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy is associated with number of adverse outcomes that includes mental and physical disabilities creating a huge human and economic burden in later life. Several indicators are used to assess the iodine status of a population: thyroid size by palpation and/or by ultrasonography, urinary iodine excretion and the blood thyroid hormone profile. METHODS: This prospective study was designed to assess the iodine nutrition during the course of pregnancy with reference to urine iodine concentration (UIC) and thyroid determinants among 425 pregnant women from Galle district, Sri Lanka...
October 12, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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