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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102165/occupational-activity-in-patients-10-years-after-hip-replacement-surgery
#1
Teresa Pop, Ewelina Czenczek-Lewandowska, Bogumił Lewandowski, Justyna Leszczak, Justyna Podgórska-Bednarz, Joanna Baran
BACKGROUND: Advanced hip osteoarthritis requires total joint replacement surgery to improve daily activity, including occupational activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate employment status among patients 10 years after hip replacement surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 63 patients who underwent total hip replacement surgery at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology between 2003 and 2005 were enrolled in the study. At the time of the study (2014), all patients from the study group were of working age...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078503/efficacy-of-pulsed-nd-yag-laser-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Tarek Helmy Ahmed Aly, Aly Elsayed Mohamed Elsayed, Ammar Suliman Mohamed Fadil
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pulsed Nd:YAG laser plus glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate (GCS) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by examining changes in pain and knee function, as well as synovial thickness (ST) and femoral cartilage thickness (FCT). Sixty-seven male patients participated, with a mean (SD) age of 53.85 (4.39) years, weight of 84.01 (4.70) kg, height of 171.51 (3.96) cm, and BMI of 28.56 (1.22). Group 1 was treated with high-intensity laser therapy (HILT), GCS, and exercises (HILT + GCS + EX)...
January 11, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077822/factors-associated-with-work-ability-index-wai-among-intensive-care-units-icus-nurses
#3
Akbar Rostamabadi, Zahra Zamanian, Zahra Sedaghat
: Objectives Work ability is a crucial occupational health issue in health care settings where a high physical and psychosocial work capacity is required and a high risk of disabling injuries and illnesses is predictable. This study aims to examine the association between the work ability index (WAI) and individual characterizations, workload, fatigue, and diseases among intensive care units' (ICUs') nurses. METHODS: The study sample included 214 nurses selected by a random sampling method from a target population consisting of 321 registered nurses working in eight ICUs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077124/important-patient-characteristics-differ-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#4
Patricia D Franklin, Hermes Miozzari, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Pierre Hoffmeyer, David C Ayers, Anne Lübbeke
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty are often generalized internationally. Patient-dependent factors and preoperative symptom levels may differ across countries. We compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. METHODS: Patient characteristics were collected prospectively on all elective primary TKAs and THAs performed at a large Swiss hospital and in a US national sample...
January 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071980/metabolic-syndrome-hypertension-and-nervous-system-injury-epidemiological-correlates
#5
Giovanna Ricci, Isabel Pirillo, Daniele Tomassoni, Ascanio Sirignano, Iolanda Grappasonni
: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common and complex disorder combining hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. MetS represents a risk factor for changes in cognitive functions in older age, and several studies have suggested that MetS may be linked to dementia. This article reviews the main evidences about the relationship between MetS and neurodegenerative disease. Starting from an epidemiological point of view, the article analyzes medico-social aspects related to MetS, considering the reduction of work capacity and the condition of disability that it involves...
January 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999659/the-effect-of-obesity-on-treatment-outcomes-for-low-back-pain
#6
Stanley C Ewald, Eric L Hurwitz, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of obesity, as measured by body mass index (BMI), on treatment outcomes for low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Data from the University of California, Los Angeles, and Friendly Hills Healthcare Network low back pain study (collected from 1995 to 2000) were used to perform a secondary data analysis of this randomized clinical trial on adults who sought care for LBP. BMI was the primary predictor variable...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966068/body-mass-does-not-impact-the-clinical-response-to-intravenous-abatacept-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-analysis-from-the-pan-european-registry-collaboration-for-abatacept-panaba
#7
Florenzo Iannone, Delphine S Courvoisier, Jacques Eric Gottenberg, Maria Victoria Hernandez, Elisabeth Lie, Helena Canhão, Karel Pavelka, Merete Lund Hetland, Carl Turesson, Xavier Mariette, Denis Choquette, Axel Finckh
Some evidences suggest that obesity impairs the effectiveness of TNF inhibitors. We examined the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the clinical effectiveness of abatacept in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. This is a pooled analysis of 10 prospective cohorts of RA patients. All patients with available BMI were included in this study. The primary endpoint was drug retention of abatacept in the different BMI categories. Multivariable Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for drug discontinuation...
December 14, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965828/-moving-on-and-feeling-good-a-feasibility-study-to-explore-the-lifestyle-behaviours-of-young-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-as-they-transition-from-school-to-adulthood-a-study-protocol
#8
Fiona Mitchell, Andrew Jahoda, Catherine Hankey, Lynsay Matthews, Heather Murray, Craig Melville
BACKGROUND: The transition from adolescence to adulthood is a 'high-risk' period for weight gain in the general population. There is speculation that this may also be a risk period for adults with intellectual disabilities; however, there has been no research which has monitored change in health indicators. Since adults with intellectual disabilities have higher rates of obesity and engage in more sedentary behaviour and less physical activity than the general population, there is a need to understand more about the lifestyle behaviours of this population during the transition to adulthood...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958268/making-brain-machine-interfaces-robust-to-future-neural-variability
#9
David Sussillo, Sergey D Stavisky, Jonathan C Kao, Stephen I Ryu, Krishna V Shenoy
A major hurdle to clinical translation of brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) is that current decoders, which are trained from a small quantity of recent data, become ineffective when neural recording conditions subsequently change. We tested whether a decoder could be made more robust to future neural variability by training it to handle a variety of recording conditions sampled from months of previously collected data as well as synthetic training data perturbations. We developed a new multiplicative recurrent neural network BMI decoder that successfully learned a large variety of neural-to-kinematic mappings and became more robust with larger training data sets...
December 13, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933229/mid-term-shoulder-functional-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-after-shoulder-replacement-in-obese-patients
#10
Heather K Vincent, Aimee M Struk, Austin Reed, Thomas W Wright
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and loss of function are directly associated with obesity. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We hypothesized that significant interactions would exist between total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) and obesity status on functional and quality of life (QOL) outcomes over the long term. Clinical and QOL outcomes (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Evaluation form, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index, University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating scale, Medical Outcomes Short Form 12 (SF-12), range of motion (ROM), and strength) were longitudinally compared in patients with low and high body mass index (BMI) after a TSA or a RSA...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932368/longitudinal-associations-between-body-composition-sarcopenic-obesity-and-outcomes-of-frailty-disability-institutionalisation-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-men-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project
#11
Vasant Hirani, Vasi Naganathan, Fiona Blyth, David G Le Couteur, Markus J Seibel, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Robert G Cumming
BACKGROUND: to explore the longitudinal associations between body composition measures, sarcopenic obesity and outcomes of frailty, activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) disability, institutionalisation and mortality. METHODS: men aged ≥ 70 years (2005-07) from the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project were assessed at baseline (n = 1,705), 2 (n = 1,366) and 5 years (n = 954). The main outcome measures were frailty (adapted Fried criteria), ADL, including personal care and mobility and IADL disability (ability to perform tasks for independent living), institutionalisation and mortality...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914305/effectiveness-of-a-cross-circuit-exercise-training-program-in-improving-the-fitness-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-enrolled-in-special-education-schools
#12
Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Fen Yang, I-Hua Chu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
This study assessed the effects of a cross-circuit training intervention program on the body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and muscular strength endurance of overweight or obese students with intellectual disability. A total of 43 students with intellectual disability (aged 13-19 years) were enrolled in this program; 28 overweight/obese students were assigned to either an obesity-control group (n=14) or obesity-exercise group (n=14), and those with normal weight were assigned to a normal weight group (n=15)...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897994/disability-physical-inactivity-and-impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-are-not-different-in-metabolically-healthy-vs-unhealthy-obese-subjects
#13
Lorenzo M Donini, Gianluca Merola, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Carla Lubrano, Lucio Gnessi, Stefania Mariani, Silvia Migliaccio, Andrea Lenzi
BACKGROUND: Obesity represents a major health hazard, affecting morbidity, psychological status, physical functionality, quality of life, and mortality. The aim of the present study was to explore the differences between metabolically healthy (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy (MUO) obese subjects with regard to physical activity, disability, and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). METHODS: All subjects underwent a multidimensional evaluation, encompassing the assessment of body composition, metabolic biomarkers and inflammation, physical activity level (IPAQ questionnaire), disability (TSD-OC test), and HR-QoL (SF-36 questionnaire)...
November 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885548/health-related-quality-of-life-in-long-term-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#14
T Nayiager, L Anderson, A Cranston, U Athale, R D Barr
PURPOSE: Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the commonest form of cancer in this age group, suffer considerable morbidity during treatment, with the majority returning to good health soon after therapy has been completed, as reflected in health-related quality of life (HRQL). However, survivors are at risk of many adverse health outcomes later, including obesity, measured by body mass index (BMI), that is compounded by limited physical activity. This study examined the HRQL of long-term survivors of ALL and its relationship to BMI and physical activity...
November 24, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880969/the-prevalence-of-cruciate-ligament-and-meniscus-knee-injury-in-young-adults-and-associations-with-gender-body-mass-index-and-height-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#15
Ran Thein, Oded Hershkovich, Barak Gordon, Gideon Burstein, Shay Tenebaum, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamis, Arnon Afek, Yitshak Kreiss
Anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal injuries are associated with secondary osteoarthrosis which may lead to functional impairment and economic burden. The prevalence of knee injury has not been studied in depth. Our purpose was to report the prevalence of knee ligament and meniscal injuries and their associations with gender, body mass index (BMI), and height in young adults and to characterize individuals with meniscal injuries who gained full recovery. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876009/lifestyle-medication-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-mental-and-physical-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
George A Jelinek, Alysha M De Livera, Claudia H Marck, Chelsea R Brown, Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, Tracey J Weiland
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (QOL) is a key outcome for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). While modifiable lifestyle factors, like smoking, physical activity and vitamin D, have strong associations with development and progression of MS, few studies have examined such associations with QOL. METHODS: Using patient-reported data from 2312 people with MS from 54 countries, regression models explored associations of socio-demographic, therapeutic and lifestyle factors with QOL, using the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54 (MSQOL-54)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873376/extended-long-term-effects-of-cervical-vagal-nerve-stimulation-on-headache-intensity-frequency-and-affective-cognitive-headache-perception-in-drug-resistant-complex-partial-seizure-patients
#17
Bogdan Pintea, Kevin Hampel, Jan Boström, Rainer Surges, Hartmut Vatter, Ilana S Lendvai, Thomas M Kinfe
OBJECTIVES: Invasive vagal nerve stimulation (iVNS) is an established treatment option for drug-resistant focal seizures and has been assumed to diminish frequent co-incidental daily headache/migraine. However, long-term effects on cognitive/affective head pain perception, headache intensity/frequency are lacking. We therefore investigated potential iVNS-induced effects in patients with drug-resistant focal seizure and daily headache/migraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical database was used to select 325 patients with drug-resistant epilepsy treated by either iVNS plus best medical treatment (BMT) or BMT alone, compared to a healthy control group (HC)...
November 22, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853860/patients-who-underwent-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-are-more-physically-active-than-the-general-dutch-population
#18
J M T A Meessen, W F Peter, R Wolterbeek, S C Cannegieter, C Tilbury, M R Bénard, H M J van der Linden, R Onstenk, R Tordoir, S B Vehmeijer, S H M Verdegaal, H M Vermeulen, R G H H Nelissen, T P M Vliet Vlieland
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) bring relief of pain and functional disability to patients with end-stage osteoarthritis, and however, the literature on their impact on patients' level of physical activity (PA) is scarce. Cross-sectional study in patients who underwent THA/TKA surgery in the preceding 6-22 months and a random sample of persons aged >40 years from the Dutch general population, participating in a national survey. PA in minutes per week (min/week) and adherence to the Dutch recommendation for PA (NNGB yes/no) were measured by the short questionnaire to assess health-enhancing PA...
November 16, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844227/a-novel-use-of-the-spine-tango-registry-to-evaluate-selection-bias-in-patient-recruitment-into-clinical-studies-an-analysis-of-patients-participating-in-the-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-outcome-study-lsos
#19
H-J Becker, S Nauer, F Porchet, F S Kleinstück, D Haschtmann, T F Fekete, J Steurer, A F Mannion
PURPOSE: Patients enrolled in clinical studies typically represent a sub-set of all who are eligible, and selection bias may compromise the generalizability of the findings. Using Registry data, we evaluated whether surgical patients recruited by one of the referring centres into the Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Outcome Study (LSOS; a large-scale, multicentre prospective observational study to determine the probability of clinical benefit after surgery) differed in any significant way from those who were eligible but not enrolled...
November 14, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832209/handgrip-strength-and-factors-associated-in-poor-elderly-assisted-at-a-primary-care-unit-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#20
Valéria Teresa Saraiva Lino, Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues, Gisele O'Dwyer, Mônica Kramer de Noronha Andrade, Inês Echenique Mattos, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a condition diagnosed when the patient presents low muscle mass, plus low muscle strength or low physical performance. Muscle weakness in the oldest (dynapenia) is a major public health concern because it predicts future all-cause mortality and is associated with falls, disability, cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Grip strength is a simple method for assessment of muscle function in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the grip strength and identify factors associated with handgrip strength variation in elderly people with low socioeconomic status...
2016: PloS One
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