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BMI and disability

Bruna Yhang Da Costa Silva, Helena Alves De Carvalho Sampaio, Nitin Shivappa, James Hébert, Larissa Da Silva Albuquerque, Antônio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, José Artur Costa D'Almeida, Carla Soraya Costa Maia, Maria Luisa Pereira De Melo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) consists of a tool that assesses dietary inflammatory potential based on the assignment of an inflammatory score to a variety of nutrients, seasonings and bioactive compounds. Pro-inflammatory diets are associated to weight and abdominal fat excess. High Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist Circumference (WC) seem to contribute to a worse prognosis in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate the relation between anthropometric indexes and body adiposity with the clinical condition and the Dietary Inflammatory Index of MS individuals...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Assaf Buch, Eli Carmeli, Gabi Shefer, Lital Keinan-Boker, Yitshal Berner, Yonit Marcus, Rebecca Goldsmith, Naftali Stern
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether specific obesity phenotypes in community-dwelling elderly: (a) affect differently the relationship between frailty and functional impairment and (b) are related to cognitive impairment. STUDY DESIGN: A post-hoc cross-sectional analysis of the last Israeli national health and nutrition survey of the elderly (≥ 65 yrs.; n = 1619). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We implemented a previously validated frailty model based on frailty-related variables that were obtained in the survey...
August 2018: Maturitas
R M Dodds, D Kuh, A A Sayer, R Cooper
BACKGROUND: Poor performance in physical tests such as grip strength and walking speed is a risk factor for disability in old age, although whether such measures improve the discrimination of clinical prediction models when traditional clinical risk factors are already known is not clear. The prevalence of disability in mid-life is relatively low and hence screening in this age group may present an opportunity for early identification of those at increased future risk who may benefit most from preventative interventions...
June 6, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Jiachen Lin, Lie Qian, Changqing Jiang, Xiuyuan Chen, Fan Feng, Lifeng Lao
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) is a common type of fracture, and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is an eligible solution to it. Previous studies have revealed that both the volume and filling pattern of bone cement correlate with the clinical outcomes after PKP procedure. However, the role of bone cement distribution remains to be illustrated. METHODS: To retrospectively evaluate the relationship between the bone cement distribution and the clinical outcomes of unilateral PKP, we enrolled 73 OVCF patients receiving unilateral PKP treatment...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Shilabant Sen Sribastav, Jun Long, Peiheng He, Wei He, Fubiao Ye, Zemin Li, Jianru Wang, Hui Liu, Hua Wang, Zhaomin Zheng
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk factors associated with the severity of pain intensity in patients with non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) in Southern China. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of activity limitation and work absence throughout the world, so a firm understanding of the risk factor associated with NSLBP can provide early and prompt interventions that are aimed at attaining long-term results...
June 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Mohammad Amin Valizadeh, Ahmadreza Afshar, Ebrahim Hassani, Ali Tabrizi, Shaghayeg Rezalo, Nilsa Dourandish
Background: Chronic plantar heel pain (CPHP) is one of the common, disabling, and painful problems in the foot. Obesity is one of the known causes of CPHP. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the body mass and the treatment of chronic plantar heel pain. Methods: In a cohort study, 80 CPHP patients, including 16 men and 64 women, who referred to orthopedic clinic from 2014 to 2016, were investigated. All the patients were initially treated by corticosteroid injections...
February 2018: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
D Origo, A G Tarantino, A Nonis, L Vismara
BACKGROUND: Coccydynia is a disorder associated with pain/discomfort at the base of the spine. The role of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in chronic coccydynia as well as for low back pain (LBP) and radicular pain (RP) associated with coccydynia, has not previously been investigated. This study seeks to analyse the effects of OMT on chronic coccydynia compared to physical therapy and pharmacological treatment (PTPT). The secondary objective is to analyse the effect of OMT on LBP and RP associated with coccydynia...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
F Proessl, C W Swanson, T Rudroff, B W Fling, B L Tracy
BACKGROUND: Traditional laboratory-based kinetic and kinematic gait analyses are expensive, time-intensive, and impractical for clinical settings. Inertial sensors have gained popularity in gait analysis research and more recently smart devices have been employed to provide quantification of gait. However, no study to date has investigated the agreement between smart device and inertial sensor-based gait parameters during prolonged walking. RESEARCH QUESTION: Compare spatiotemporal gait metrics measured with a smart device versus previously validated inertial sensors...
May 28, 2018: Gait & Posture
Jun Hao Tan, Gabriel Liu, Ruimin Ng, Nishant Kumar, Hee-Kit Wong, Gabriel Liu
PURPOSE: Obesity is a global health problem. It increases the risk of surgical complications and re-operations. While both MIS-TLIF and O-TLIF are reported to have comparably good long-term outcomes for non-obese patients, no consensus has been reached for obese patients. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the published literature was performed: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials database in accordance to the PRISMA 2009 checklist...
June 1, 2018: European Spine Journal
Qingqing Huang, Xiping Liang, Shiqiang Wang, Xiaosong Mu
Both migraine and obesity are prevalent disorders in the general population, which are characterized by disability and impaired quality of life. Although so many researches had studied the association between migraine and obesity, there are still no full knowledge of the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and migraine, especially chronic migraine (CM). In this study, we analyzed a previous epidemiological survey data of primary headache patients in Chongqing, which surveyed consecutive neurological outpatients through face-to-face interview with physicians using a headache questionnaire...
2018: Behavioural Neurology
Allan House, Louise Bryant, Amy M Russell, Alexandra Wright-Hughes, Liz Graham, Rebecca Walwyn, Judy M Wright, Claire Hulme, John L O'Dwyer, Gary Latchford, Shaista Meer, Jacqueline C Birtwistle, Alison Stansfield, Ramzi Ajjan, Amanda Farrin
BACKGROUND: Obesity and type 2 diabetes are common in adults with a learning disability. It is not known if the principles of self-management can be applied in this population. OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate a case-finding method and undertake an observational study of adults with a learning disability and type 2 diabetes, to develop a standardised supported self-management (SSM) intervention and measure of adherence and to undertake a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT) of SSM versus treatment as usual (TAU)...
May 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Joanna E Bulkley, Carmit K McMullen, Marcia Grant, Christopher Wendel, Mark C Hornbrook, Robert S Krouse
PURPOSE: Surgical treatment for rectal cancer (RC) can result in an intestinal ostomy that requires lifelong adaptation and investment of physical, cognitive, and financial resources. However, little is known about the extent of ongoing challenges related to ostomy self-care among long-term RC survivors. We analyzed the prevalence of self-reported ostomy self-care challenges and the physical and environmental factors that can support or undermine ostomy self-care. METHODS: We mailed surveys to long-term (≥ 5 years post-diagnosis) RC survivors, including 177 adults with ostomies who were members of integrated health systems in northern California, Oregon, and Washington State...
May 29, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Md Badrul Alam Miah, Mohammad Abu Yousuf
Millions of people in Bangladesh and the world have a metabolic disease named diabetes. It is also responsible for occurring different kinds of diseases such as heart attack, kidney disease, blindness and renal failure. Diabetes is a deadly, disabling disease whose risk is increasing at an alarming rate day by day perspective to Bangladesh. The detection process of diabetes is a tedious and multilayered task from some important risk factors. Like other diseases, Type2 diabetes also depends on some factors that are known as risk factors of Type2 diabetes...
May 23, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Liam R Maclachlan, Mark Matthews, Paul W Hodges, Natalie J Collins, Bill Vicenzino
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a prevalent and debilitating musculoskeletal condition, considered to have a mechanical aetiology. As such, the physical impairments associated with PFP are well documented and have helped characterise different physical phenotypes. But little is known about the relationship between PFP and psychological well-being. In this study, we aimed to: (1) compare psychological profiles between groups with and without PFP; (2) compare psychological profiles and condition severity between PFP subgroups; and (3) explore relationships between psychological factors and their contribution to disability...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Ahmad Salimzadeh, Elham Alipoor, Sahar Dehghani, Mehdi Yaseri, Mostafa Hosseini, Christine Feinle-Bisset, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar
AIMS: Chronic joint pain and stiffness, and functional disability, are the major debilitating features of osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of 12-week supplementation with a garlic supplement on knee osteoarthritis outcomes in overweight or obese women. METHODS: Seventy-six postmenopausal overweight or obese women (25≤BMI≤40 kg/m2 ) with medically diagnosed knee OA participated in this randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-design trial...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Muireann O' Shea, Carol O' Shea, Louise Gibson, Jennifer Leo, Catherine Carty
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity is a growing concern among individuals with intellectual disabilities; however, little is known about the prevalence among children and youth with Down syndrome (CYDS). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity among CYDS in South West Ireland. METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured height and weight of 61 CYDS aged 4-16 years. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and percentage body fat (PBF) was measured using bio-electrical impendence analysis (BIA)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Luciana de Araujo Cazotti, Anamaria Jones, Diego Roger-Silva, Luiza Helena Coutinho Ribeiro, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the Pilates method on pain, function, quality of life, and consumption of pain medication in patients with mechanical neck pain. DESIGN: The design was a randomized controlled trial, with a blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: The study took place in the outpatient clinic of the rheumatology department, referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-four patients with chronic mechanical neck pain were randomly allocated into 2 groups: the Pilates group (PG) and control group (CG)...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
E Sebastião, R W Motl
OBJECTIVE: This study examined body fatness and its association with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) accounting for disability status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved a secondary data analysis from a previous study of 62 pwMS. Body fatness was indirect measured as body mass index (BMI), and CRF was measured as peak oxygen consumption from an incremental exercise test with spirometry. Participants were allocated into 3 different groups based on established BMI categories (ie, normal, overweight, and obese), and data were analyzed using SPSS...
May 11, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Mireia Moreno, Jordi Gratacós, Victoria Navarro-Compán, Eugenio de Miguel, Pilar Font, Teresa Clavaguera, Luis Francisco Linares, Beatriz Joven, Xavier Juanola
OBJECTIVES: To study whether disease status at treatment initiation has changed after the issue of the ASAS classification criteria. METHODS: REGISPONSERBIO registers patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) on biological treatment since 2013. It includes patients starting biological treatment (incident) or already on biological therapies (prevalent). Patients in both groups were compared in terms of: age at disease onset and at treatment start, disease duration, gender, HLA-B27, body mass index (BMI), BASDAI, BASFI, C-reactive protein, ESR, metrological data, ASQoL, WAPAI, extra-articular manifestations, comorbidities, radiological study, type of biological treatment and concomitant treatments...
May 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Yi-Chen Huang, Mark L Wahlqvist, Yuan-Ting C Lo, Chin Lin, Hsing-Yi Chang, Meei-Shyuan Lee
Nutritional factors contributing to disability and mortality are modifiable in later life. Indices would add utility. We developed a gender-specific Healthy Ageing Nutrition Index (HANI) for all-cause mortality in free-living elderly. We stratified 1898 participants aged ≥65 y from the 1999-2000 Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan by region and randomly allocated them into development and validation sets. Linkage to the National Death Registry database until December 31, 2008 enabled mortality prediction using Cox proportional-hazards models...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
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