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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241640/association-of-anti-cyclic-citrullinated-protein-antibodies-erosions-and-rheumatoid-factor-with-disease-activity-and-work-productivity-a-patient-registry-study
#1
Evo Alemao, Zhenchao Guo, Michelle L Frits, Christine K Iannaccone, Nancy A Shadick, Michael E Weinblatt
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate associations between the presence of anti-cyclic citrullinated protein antibodies (anti-CCP) and rheumatoid factor (RF) and other outcomes, including joint erosions and both clinical and economic endpoints, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Data from the Brigham and Women's Hospital Rheumatoid Arthritis Sequential Study (BRASS), a prospective registry of adult RA patients with established or recent-onset RA, were analyzed...
October 13, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240042/range-of-motion-limitations-of-the-upper-body-in-obese-female-workers
#2
Nicola Cau, Veronica Cimolin, Luisa Brugliera, Giuseppe Ventura, Manuela Galli, Paolo Capodaglio
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide, and the economic consequences of an increased percentage of obese workers are relevant in terms of health costs and absences from work. Obesity is associated with reduced participation in the workforce, increased absence from work, disability and health costs, lower salaries and reduced productivity. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at quantifying the limitations in range of motion (ROM) of the upper limb and the trunk of obese workers during basic occupational tasks...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233615/diet-quality-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-pilot-study-data
#3
Tonya S Orchard, Rebecca R Andridge, Lisa D Yee, Maryam B Lustberg
BACKGROUND: Modifiable lifestyle factors, such as diet quality, could reduce inflammation and improve quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors, but data are inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether diet quality, as measured by Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score, is associated with inflammation, health status, or functional outcomes affecting QOL in survivors of early-stage breast cancer. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, secondary analysis of baseline data collected from breast cancer survivors after completion of primary therapy and before random assignment to a pilot nutritional intervention aimed at reducing side effects of aromatase inhibitor treatment...
December 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231277/do-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-have-a-lower-peak-heart-rate-and-maximal-oxygen-uptake
#4
Thessa Irena Maria Hilgenkamp, Tracy Baynard
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have very low physical activity and low peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak ), potentially explained by physiologically lower peak heart rates (HRpeak ). METHOD: The present authors performed a retrospective analysis of a large data set of individuals with intellectual disability (n = 100), with Down syndrome (DS) (n = 48) and without intellectual disability (n = 224) using multiple linear regression analyses, to determine if individuals with intellectual disability exhibit lower HRpeak and VO2peak than individuals without intellectual disability, controlling for age, sex and body mass index (BMI)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219759/does-the-obesity-paradox-predict-functional-outcome-in-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#5
Neha S Dangayach, Harpreet Singh Grewal, Gian Marco De Marchis, Roberta K Sefcik, Rachel Bruce, Aarti Chhatlani, E Sander Connolly, M Cristina Falo, Sachin Agarwal, Jan Claassen, J Michael Schmidt, Stephan A Mayer
OBJECTIVE Being overweight or mildly obese has been associated with a decreased risk of death or hospitalization in patients with cardiovascular disease. Similarly, overweight patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) have improved survival up to 1 year after admission. These counterintuitive observations are examples of the "obesity paradox." Does the obesity paradox exist in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)? In this study the authors examined whether there was an association between obesity and functional outcome in patients with ICH...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218004/decoding-of-self-paced-lower-limb-movement-intention-a-case-study-on-the-influence-factors
#6
Dong Liu, Weihai Chen, Ricardo Chavarriaga, Zhongcai Pei, José Del R Millán
Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) have been applied as new rehabilitation tools for motor disabled individuals. Active involvement of cerebral activity has been shown to enhance neuroplasticity and thus to restore mobility. Various studies have focused on the detection of upper-limb movement intention, while the fewer study has investigated the lower-limb movement intention decoding. This study presents a BMI to decode the self-paced lower-limb movement intention, with 10 healthy subjects participating in the experiment...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211262/body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-of-latin-american-adult-athletes-with-intellectual-disability
#7
John T Foley, Meghann Lloyd, Lesley Turner, Viviene A Temple
OBJECTIVES: To examine both body mass index (BMI) status and waist circunference (WC) in a large international sample of adult Special Olympics participants from Latin America. It also explored the association of age and sex with obesity in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMI and WC records from a total of 4174 (2683 male and 1491 female) participant records from the Special Olympics International Health Promotion database were examined. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was quite high (i...
July 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202429/low-back-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-plantar-heel-pain
#8
Shane McClinton, Carolyn F Weber, Bryan Heiderscheit
BACKGROUND: Lack of response to plantar heel pain (PHP) treatment may be related to unmanaged low back pain (LBP) and low back dysfunction, but a relationship between LBP and PHP has not been established. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the prevalence of LBP among individuals with and without PHP and to assess the association between low back disability and foot/ankle function. METHODS: A cross-sectional study compared the prevalence and likelihood of LBP in individuals with (n=27) and without (n=27) PHP matched to age, sex, BMI, foot posture, and foot mobility...
September 28, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188882/nutrient-intake-during-diet-induced-weight-loss-and-exercise-interventions-in-a-randomized-trial-in-older-overweight-and-obese-adults
#9
G D Miller, D P Beavers, D Hamm, S L Mihalko, S P Messier
OBJECTIVES: Dietary restriction in obese older adults undergoing weight loss may exacerbate nutrient deficiencies common in this group; the nutritional health of older adults is a factor in their quality of life, disability, and mortality. This study examined the effect of an 18-month weight loss program based in social cognitive theory incorporating partial meal replacements, on nutrient intake in older overweight and obese adults. DESIGN: The following analysis is from the Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) trial, a single-blind, randomized controlled trial...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161335/shoulder-complaints-in-wheelchair-athletes-a-systematic-review
#10
Omar W Heyward, Riemer J K Vegter, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H V van der Woude
BACKGROUND: In recent years the popularity of disabled sports and competition among disabled athletes has grown considerably. With this rise in exposure of, and participation in wheelchair sports comes an increase in related stressors, including musculoskeletal load. External mechanical loading may increase the risk of shoulder complaints. The objective of this literature review was to 1) identify and describe the prevalence and/or incidence of shoulder complaints in wheelchair athletes in the literature, to 2) examine the factors and underlying mechanisms that could be potentially involved, and 3) provide some insights into the development of preventative measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146385/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-implementation-of-good-life-with-osteoarthritis-in-denmark-gla-d-tm-group-education-and-exercise-for-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-is-feasible-in-canada
#11
Aileen M Davis, Deborah Kennedy, Rosalind Wong, Susan Robarts, Søren T Skou, Rhona McGlasson, Linda C Li, Ewa Roos
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the feasibility of implementing Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D(TM)) in Canada for people with mild to severe hip/knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Patients triaged to non-surgical management participated in two education sessions and 12 supervised, neuromuscular exercise classes. We used the RE-AIM implementation framework evaluating outcomes of Reach, Effectiveness/Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance. Patients completed surveys pre-program and at 3 months follow-up...
November 13, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143404/tool-for-osteoarthritis-risk-prediction-toarp-over-8-years-using-baseline-clinical-data-x-ray-and-mri-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#12
Gabby B Joseph, Charles E McCulloch, Michael C Nevitt, Jan Neumann, Alexandra S Gersing, Martin Kretzschmar, Benedikt J Schwaiger, John A Lynch, Ursula Heilmeier, Nancy E Lane, Thomas M Link
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA), a multifactorial disease causing joint degeneration, often leads to severe disability. The rising rates of disability highlight the need for implementing preventative measures at early stages of the disease, which would especially benefit subjects at high risk for OA development. PURPOSE: To develop a risk prediction tool for moderate-severe OA (TOARP) over 8 years based on subject characteristics, knee radiographs, and MRI data at baseline using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141602/association-between-sarcopenia-and-low-back-pain-in-local-residents-prospective-cohort-study-from-the-gaina-study
#13
Shinji Tanishima, Hiroshi Hagino, Hiromi Matsumoto, Chika Tanimura, Hideki Nagashima
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common ailments that people experience in their lifetime. On the other hands, Sarcopenia also leads to several physical symptoms and contributes to reducing the quality of life of elderly people.The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between sarcopenia and low back pain among the general population. METHODS: The subjects included 216 adults (79 men and 137 women; mean age, 73.5 years) undergoing a general medical examination in Hino, Japan...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141250/a-small-supernumerary-marker-derived-from-the-pericentromeric-region-of-chromosome-5-case-report-and-delineation-of-partial-trisomy-5p-phenotype
#14
Letizia Camerota, Mariabernarda Pitzianti, Diana Postorivo, Anna M Nardone, Claudio Ligas, Costanzo Moretti, Augusto Pasini, Francesco Brancati
A 17-year-old girl presented with a distinct phenotype mainly featuring craniofacial dysmorphism, including a disproportioned large, round, elongated face; hypertelorism; deep-set eyes with short palpebral fissures; obesity (BMI 37), and a neuropsychiatric disorder with high-functioning autism. Postnatal conventional cytogenetic analyses from peripheral blood revealed a mosaic small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) with a mos 47,XX,+mar[7]/46,XX[43] karyotype. By cenM-FISH technique, the sSMC was identified as a ring derivative of chromosome 5...
November 16, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138687/analysis-of-the-biceps-brachii-muscle-by-varying-the-arm-movement-level-and-load-resistance-band
#15
Nuradebah Burhan, Mohammad 'Afif Kasno, Rozaimi Ghazali, Md Radzai Said, Shahrum Shah Abdullah, Mohd Hafiz Jali
Biceps brachii muscle illness is one of the common physical disabilities that requires rehabilitation exercises in order to build up the strength of the muscle after surgery. It is also important to monitor the condition of the muscle during the rehabilitation exercise through electromyography (EMG) signals. The purpose of this study was to analyse and investigate the selection of the best mother wavelet (MWT) function and depth of the decomposition level in the wavelet denoising EMG signals through the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) method at each decomposition level...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136750/-a-perspective-cohort-study-on-influence-factors-of-survival-outcome-among-the-elderly-aged-%C3%A2-80-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#16
Y B Lyu, J Zhang, J S Luo, W H Shi, Z X Yin, L Q Su, J L Fang, J N Wang, X M Shi
Objective: To investigate the influence factors of survival outcome among elderly aged ≥80 years old. Methods: In baseline survey in 2009, 930 participants aged ≥80 years old were enrolled from 7 longevity areas, to collect the information of socioeconomic factors, life style, cognitive function, activities of daily living and diseases, as well as physical examination to test biomarkers of blood and urine. The survival status was followed up at 2012 and 2014 survey. Stepwise Cox proportional hazards models were used to screen influence factors of 5-year survival...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129487/-evaluation-of-dysphagia-results-after-one-year-of-incorporating-videofluoroscopy-into-its-study-introduction
#17
Ruth García Romero, Ignacio Ros Arnal, María José Romea Montañés, José Antonio López Calahorra, Cristina Gutiérrez Alonso, Beatriz Izquierdo Hernández, Carlos Martín de Vicente
INTRODUCTION: Dysphagia is very common in children with neurological disabilities. These patients usually suffer from respiratory and nutritional problems. The videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) is the most recommended test to evaluate dysphagia, as it shows the real situation during swallowing. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the results obtained in our centre after one year of the implementation of VFSS, the clinical improvement after confirmation, and the prescription of an individualised treatment for the patients affected...
November 9, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129039/combined-diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#18
REVIEW
Emily Shepherd, Judith C Gomersall, Joanna Tieu, Shanshan Han, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a wide range of adverse health consequences for women and their infants in the short and long term. With an increasing prevalence of GDM worldwide, there is an urgent need to assess strategies for GDM prevention, such as combined diet and exercise interventions. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet interventions in combination with exercise interventions for pregnant women for preventing GDM, and associated adverse health consequences for the mother and her infant/child...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126897/self-efficacy-and-physical-activity-among-adults-with-visual-impairments
#19
Justin A Haegele, T Nicole Kirk, Xihe Zhu
BACKGROUND: According to empirical evidence, adults with visual impairments are generally less physically active than their sighted peers, however less is known about what specific motivational factors influence physical activity participation among this population. While research has identified self-efficacy as one important motivational factor for physical activity, no previous research has examined this association among individuals with visual impairments. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of the current study was to examine the association between self-efficacy and physical activity for adults with visual impairments...
October 31, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106548/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-identifying-older-people-at-risk-of-hip-fracture-cross-sectional-study-with-comparative-group
#20
Raquel Ramírez-Martín, María Victoria Castell Alcalá, Teresa Alarcón, Rocío Queipo, Peggy Paola Ríos Germán, Ángel Otero Puime, Juan Ignacio González-Montalvo
Background: Hip fracture (HF) is by far the most common serious fragility fracture. Its care is a major challenge to all healthcare systems. Aim: To determine whether there are characteristics of older people identified via comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) that help identify those with an increased risk of HF. Methods: The demographic, functional, cognitive and nutritional data of a cohort of patients admitted for acute HF were compared with those of a population cohort representing community-dwelling older people in the same urban district without HF...
November 16, 2017: Family Practice
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