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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684667/demographics-and-socioeconomic-status-as-predictors-of-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Amani Jambhekar, Amy Maselli, Shawn Robinson, Krystyna Kabata, Piotr Gorecki
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have established that race and socioeconomic factors may influence weight loss after bariatric surgery. Few studies have focused on laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The objective of this study is to determine if demographic factors may predict postoperative weight loss following LSG. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on 713 consecutive primary LSG operations performed with the same technique between February 2010 and May 2016 by a single surgeon (PG) were analyzed...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683839/obesity-impacts-swelling-of-ankle-and-foot-joints-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#2
Veena K Ranganath, Erin L Duffy, Vikram K Garg, Thasia Woodworth, Mihaela Taylor, Harold E Paulus, Roy D Altman, David A Elashoff
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of disease activity in obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients presents challenges particularly in the clinical assessment of swollen joints. This study examines the effect of obesity on the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) core set measures used in assessing RA disease activity with specific focus on the swollen joint count (SJC). METHODS: We examined a cross-sectional cohort of 323 early seropositive RA patients (symptom duration ≤15 months)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675748/association-between-obesity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-mexican-population
#3
Gerardo A Zavala, Spyros Kolovos, Alessandro Chiarotto, Judith E Bosmans, Maiza Campos-Ponce, Jorge L Rosado, Olga P Garcia
PURPOSE: Obesity and depression are among the leading causes of disability in Mexico, but their association has not been explored yet. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between obesity and depression in Mexican population. METHODS: We used data from the health and nutrition survey (ENSANUT 2012), which is representative of the Mexican population. Obesity was determined using the body mass index (BMI) and abdominal obesity by measuring waist circumference...
April 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671639/lifelong-parenting-of-adults-with-developmental-disabilities-growth-trends-over-20-years-in-midlife-and-later-life
#4
Eun Ha Namkung, Jan S Greenberg, Marsha R Mailick, Frank J Floyd
This research examined how parenting adults with developmental disabilities affects parental well-being beyond midlife and into old age. Parents of adults with developmental disabilities ( n = 249) and parents of adults without disabilities ( n = 9,016), studied in their early 50s and mid-60s, were longitudinally tracked into their early 70s. Compared to parents of adults without disabilities, parents of adults with disabilities showed a pattern of normative functioning in their 50s, followed by poorer well-being in their mid-60s, and further declines in health and well-being into the early 70s...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671638/gait-characteristics-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#5
Alyt Oppewal, Dederieke A M Festen, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp
Gait is a relevant and complex aspect of motor functioning. Disturbances are related to negative health outcomes. Gait characteristics of 31 adults with intellectual disability (ID) without Down syndrome (DS) (42.77±16.70 years) were investigated, and associations with age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and level of ID were assessed. Sex and BMI were significantly associated with some of the gait parameters, while age and level of ID were not. Gait characteristics of adults with ID seem to be comparable to those of the general population of older adults (average 20 years older), except that adults with ID seem to spend less time in stance and double support phase and walk more variable and with a broader base of support...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666169/impact-of-transitional-care-on-endocrine-and-anthropometric-parameters-in-prader-willi-syndrome
#6
Anne-Cécile Paepegaey, Muriel Coupaye, Asma Jaziri, Florence Menesguen, Béatrice Dubern, Michel Polak, Jean-Michel Oppert, Maithe Tauber, Graziella Pinto, Christine Poitou
CONTEXT: The transition of patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) to adult life for medical care is challenging because of multiple comorbidities, including hormone deficiencies, obesity, and cognitive and behavioral disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To assess endocrine management, and metabolic and anthropometric parameters of PWS adults who received (n=31) or not (n=64) transitional care, defined as specialized pediatric care followed by a structured care pathway to a multidisciplinary adult team...
April 17, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666038/correlation-of-serum-ccl3-mip-1%C3%AE-levels-with-disease-severity-in-postmenopausal-osteoporotic-females
#7
Hui Wan, Tie-Yong Qian, Xiao-Jing Hu, Ci-You Huang, Wei-Feng Yao
BACKGROUND: The pro-inflammatory protein chemokine cytokine ligand 3 is well-established as a vital regulator of bone resorption and osteoclasts stimulation. AIMS: We sought to investigate if serum chemokine cytokine ligand 3 levels correlated with disease severity in postmenopausal osteoporosis females. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional Study. METHODS: 82 postmenopausal osteoporotic females, 76 postmenopausal non-osteoporotic women and 80 healthy female at childbearing age were recruited...
April 15, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658446/colorectal-cancers-survivors-adherence-to-lifestyle-recommendations-and-cross-sectional-associations-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Jose J L Breedveld-Peters, Janna L Koole, Eloise Müller-Schulte, Bernadette W A van der Linden, Cherelle Windhausen, Martijn J L Bours, Eline H van Roekel, Matty P Weijenberg
The lifestyle recommendations of the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) are primarily intended for cancer prevention. In the absence of specific recommendations for cancer survivors, we investigated adherence of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors to the WCRF/AICR lifestyle recommendations and associations with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The cross-sectional part of the Energy for life after ColoRectal cancer (EnCoRe) study was conducted in 155 CRC survivors (stage I-III), 2-10 years post diagnosis...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617634/surgical-weight-loss-to-improve-functional-status-trajectories-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-swift-trial-rationale-design-and-methods
#9
Peter N Benotti, Christopher D Still, G Craig Wood, Jamie L Seiler, Christopher J Seiler, Shane P Thomas, Anthony T Petrick, Michael Suk, Brian A Irving
Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA, also known as total knee replacement) is a highly effective surgical intervention for the restoration of physical function and improving quality of life in patients with disabling knee osteoarthritis. Recent data suggest that obesity is a major risk factor in the pathogenesis and progression of knee osteoarthritis, with increases in body mass index (BMI, kg/m2 ) directly correlating with the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis. However, recent data also suggest that there are increased risks associated with TKAs when performed in patients with morbid obesity (BMI > 40 kg/m2 )...
April 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595379/child-malnutrition-in-ifanadiana-district-madagascar-associated-factors-and-timing-of-growth-faltering-ahead-of-a-health-system-strengthening-intervention
#10
Sarah McCuskee, Andres Garchitorena, Ann C Miller, Lara Hall, Mohammed Ali Ouenzar, Victor R Rabeza, Ranto H Ramananjato, Hery-Tiana Rahaniraka Razanadrakato, Marius Randriamanambintsoa, Michele Barry, Matthew H Bonds
BACKGROUND: Child malnutrition, a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, is particularly severe in Madagascar, where 47% of children under 5 years are stunted (low height-for-age) and 8% are wasted (low weight-for-height). Widespread poverty and a weak health system have hindered attempts to implement life-saving malnutrition interventions in Madagascar during critical periods for growth faltering. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to shed light on the most important factors associated with child malnutrition, both acute and chronic, and the timing of growth faltering, in Ifanadiana, a rural district of Madagascar...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590148/gender-nutritional-status-and-disability-free-life-expectancy-among-older-people-in-santiago-chile
#11
Ximena Moreno, Cecilia Albala, Lydia Lera, Bárbara Leyton, Bárbara Angel, Hugo Sánchez
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to estimate life expectancy (LE), disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) and disabled life expectancy (DLE) among older adults from Santiago, Chile, and to determine the existence of differences by gender and by body mass index (BMI) categories in these indicators. METHODS: A sample of 1216 people aged 60 or more, from the Chilean cohort of the Study of Health, Ageing and Well-Being was recruited in 2000; two follow-up assessments were carried out in a 10-year period...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578476/urinary-incontinence-due-to-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-causing-disability-and-lowering-quality-of-life
#12
Aleksandra Truszczyńska-Baszak, Edyta Wysocka, Małgorzata Starzec, Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Adam Tarnowski
OBJECTIVES: Lumbar spinal stenosis may lead to urinary inconsistence and negatively impact quality of life. The aim of the study was to assess the incidence of urinary incontinence and quality of life in female patients with spinal canal stenosis comparing to control group. METHODS: The study population consisted of 50 women diagnosed with severe lumbar spinal canal stenosis. Their mean age was 55.32 ± 12.97 years. The clinical control group consisted of 30 women who did not suffer from any spine disorders...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575884/responsiveness-of-people-with-moderate-and-significant-intellectual-disability-to-physical-stimulation
#13
Marzena Ślężyńska, Grzegorz Mięsok, Kamila Mięsok
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the research was to verify whether intellectually disabled people are responsive to motor stimulation, and whether the specific physical exercises, besides traditional rehabilitation and occupational therapy, would result in physical fitness enhancement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research was carried out on 259 persons with moderate and significant intellectual disability, participants of occupational therapy workshops. They were divided into two groups: a control group that underwent traditional rehabilitation treatment and occupational therapy, and an experimental group that additionally performed feasible physical exercises for 10 months...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575346/the-association-between-gait-and-physical-fitness-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#14
A Oppewal, T I M Hilgenkamp
BACKGROUND: Gait deviations are often seen in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Their low physical fitness levels may be associated with these deviations. Understanding the impact of fitness on gait in this population is important for developing interventions to improve gait. In a cross-sectional study, we assessed the association between multiple physical fitness components and spatiotemporal gait parameters in adults with ID. METHOD: Gait characteristics of 31 adults (42...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575241/randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-of-supported-self-management-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-an-intellectual-disability-ok-diabetes
#15
A House, L Bryant, Amy M Russell, A Wright-Hughes, L Graham, R Walwyn, J M Wright, C Hulme, J L O'Dwyer, G Latchford, A Stansfield, R Ajjan, A Farrin
AIMS: To undertake a feasibility randomized controlled trial of supported self-management vs treatment as usual in a population of adults with obesity, Type 2 diabetes and an intellectual disability. METHODS: We conducted an individually randomized feasibility trial. Participants were adults aged >18 years with a mild or moderate intellectual disability, living in the community with Type 2 diabetes, on any therapy other than insulin. Participants had mental capacity to consent to research and the intervention...
March 25, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563431/weight-status-and-dental-problems-in-early-childhood-classification-tree-analysis-of-a-national-cohort
#16
Michael Crowe, Michael O' Sullivan, Oscar Cassetti, Aifric O' Sullivan
A poor quality diet may be a common risk factor for both obesity and dental problems such as caries. The aim of this paper is to use classification tree analysis (CTA) to identify predictors of dental problems in a nationally representative cohort of Irish pre-school children. CTA was used to classify variables and describe interactions between multiple variables including socio-demographics, dietary intake, health-related behaviour, body mass index (BMI) and a dental problem. Data were derived from the second (2010/2011) wave of the 'Growing Up in Ireland' study (GUI) infant cohort at 3 years, n = 9793...
August 31, 2017: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550658/association-of-sarcopenia-with-depressive-symptoms-and-functional-status-among-ambulatory-community-dwelling-elderly
#17
Asli Kilavuz, Reci Meseri, Sumru Savas, Hatice Simsek, Sevnaz Sahin, Derya Hopanci Bicakli, Fulden Sarac, Mehmet Uyar, Fehmi Akcicek
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia, functional disability, and depression are common problems in the elderly. Sarcopenia is associated with physical disability, functional impairment, depression, cardiometabolic diseases, and even mortality. This study aims to determine the association of sarcopenia with depression and functional status among ambulatory community-dwelling elderly aged 65 years and older. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The sample of this cross-sectional study consisted of 28,323 people, aged 65 years and older, living in Bornova, Izmir...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548857/c-reactive-protein-can-be-an-early-predictor-of-poststroke-apathy-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#18
Liping Chen, Siqing Xiong, Yi Liu, Meiqing Lin, Jirui Wang, Renjia Zhong, Jiuhan Zhao, Wenjing Liu, Lu Zhu, Xiuli Shang
BACKGROUND: Apathy is a multidimensional syndrome referring to a primary lack of motivation that occurs frequently in survivors of stroke. Higher C-reactive protein (CRP) level was associated with higher apathy scores among Alzheimer disease cases. However, data on the relationship between CRP levels and apathy in patients with stroke are lacking. So, we hypothesized an association between CRP and poststroke apathy (PSA). METHODS: Two hundred ninety-two consecutive patients with stroke were recruited within 7 days after stroke...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547442/assessment-of-sarcopenia-in-virally-suppressed-hiv-infected-asians-receiving-treatment
#19
Siti Azdiah Abdul Aziz, Megan Mcstea, Nor Syuhada Ahmad Bashah, Meng Li Chong, Sasheela Ponnampalavanar, Sharifah Faridah Syed Omar, Helmi Sulaiman, Iskandar Azwa, Maw Pin Tan, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Reena Rajasuriar, Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman
OBJECTIVES: In a clinic-based, treated HIV-infected cohort, we identified individuals with sarcopenia and compared with age, sex and ethnically matched controls; and investigated associated risk factors and health outcomes. DESIGN: Sarcopenia (age-related muscle loss) causes significant morbidity to the elderly, leading to frequent hospitalizations, disability and death. Few have characterized sarcopenia in the HIV-infected who experience accelerated aging. METHODS: Sarcopenia was defined as low muscle mass with weak grip strength and/or slow gait speed using lower 20th percentiles of controls...
March 15, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538049/the-importance-of-specific-rehabilitation-for-an-obese-patient-with-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-a-case-report
#20
Alberto Raggi, Licia Grazzi, Stefania Bianchi Marzoli, Paola Ciasca, Luisa Chiapparini, Alessandra Erbetta, Giuseppe Faragò, Matilde Leonardi, Domenico D'Amico
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is associated with obesity, and weight loss is important to reduce intracranial pressure and improve visual function. A 38-year-old woman with IIH followed an extreme diet, which resulted in 30% weight loss (BMI moved from 34.9 to 24.6). Weight loss resulted in a significant reduction of papilloedema, normalization of intracranial pressure and improvement in headache pattern, but also induced a state of initial malnutrition, relevant depression and disability. She was discharged with the indication to start a controlled diet and improve physical activity: clinical situation get back to stability, with the patient loosing further weight (BMI=21...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
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