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BMI and disability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205295/validity-of-proxy-reported-height-and-weight-to-derive-body-mass-index-in-adults-participating-in-special-olympics
#1
Kristin Dobranowski, Meghann Lloyd, Pierre Côté, Robert Balogh
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are common in adults with intellectual disabilities, which complicates their health. To meet their health needs, individuals with intellectual disability frequently rely on proxies to answer questions on their behalf. In the general population, the use of proxy-reported height and weight to compute body mass index (BMI) has been validated, but not among adults with intellectual disability. The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of proxy-reported height, weight and derived BMI among adults with intellectual disability...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202744/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-radiographic-ankle-osteoarthritis-frequency-and-associated-factors-the-johnston-county-osteoarthritis-project
#2
Shahmeer Lateef, Yvonne M Golightly, Jordan B Renner, Joanne M Jordan, Amanda E Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Because there are no epidemiologic data regarding the frequency of ankle osteoarthritis (OA) in a general population, we sought to analyze this disabling condition in a large, well-characterized, community-based cohort of older individuals. METHODS: Cross-sectional data, including ankle radiographs, were from the most recent data collection (2013-2015) of the Johnston County OA Project. Radiographic ankle OA (rAOA) was defined as a Kellgren-Lawrence arthritis grading scale of ≥ 2 on weight-bearing lateral and mortise radiographs...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193498/a-prospective-cohort-study-examining-medical-and-social-factors-associated-with-engagement-in-life-activities-following-total-hip-replacement
#3
Crystal MacKay, Fiona Webster, Viji Venkataramanan, Jessica Bytautas, Anthony V Perruccio, Rosalind Wong, Lisa Carlesso, Aileen M Davis
OBJECTIVES: Studies show limited improvement in the frequency of engaging in life activities after joint replacement. However, there is a paucity of research that has examined factors, including other life events, which influence engagement following total hip replacement (THR). This research sought to identify factors associated with engaging in life activities following THR. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted with 376 people who had a THR for osteoarthritis...
February 10, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187765/does-a-lack-of-physical-activity-explain-the-rheumatoid-arthritis-lipid-profile
#4
Hiba AbouAssi, Margery A Connelly, Lori A Bateman, K Noelle Tune, Janet L Huebner, Virginia B Kraus, Deborah A Winegar, James D Otvos, William E Kraus, Kim M Huffman
BACKGROUND: In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), cardiovascular risk is associated with paradoxical reductions in total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C). Concentrations of small LDL (LDL-P) and HDL (HDL-P) particles are also reduced with increased inflammation and disease activity in RA patients. Here we sought to identify which measure(s) of inflammation, disease activity and cardiometabolic risk contribute most to the RA-associated lipoprotein profile...
February 10, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185300/whole-body-vibration-training-as-a-workplace-based-sports-activity-for-employees-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
Tobias S Kaeding, Annika Karch, Rebecca Schwarz, Tatjana Flor, Torge-Christian Wittke, Momme Kück, Georg Böselt, Uwe Tegtbur, Lothar Stein
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this randomized and controlled study is to examine whether whole-body vibration (WBV) training is able to reduce back pain and physical disability in seated working office employees with chronic low-back pain in a real-world setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 41 subjects (68.3% female/mean age 45.5 ± 9.1 years/mean BMI 26.6 ± 5.2) were randomly allocated to an intervention group (INT (n= 21)) or a control group (CON (n=20). The INT participated in WBV training 2...
February 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183360/fat-mass-and-fat-distribution-are-associated-with-low-back-pain-intensity-and-disability-results-from-a-cohort-study
#6
Sultana Monira Hussain, Donna M Urquhart, Yuanyuan Wang, Jonathan E Shaw, Dianna J Magliano, Anita E Wluka, Flavia M Cicuttini
BACKGROUND: Determining the association between body composition and low back pain (LBP) will improve our understanding of the mechanisms by which obesity affects LBP, and inform novel approaches to managing LBP. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between body composition and LBP intensity and disability. METHODS: A total of 5058 participants (44% men) of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study were assessed for LBP intensity and disability using the Chronic Pain Grade Questionnaire (2013-2014)...
February 10, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180979/the-influence-of-isolated-thoracoplasty-on-the-evolution-of-pulmonary-function-after-treatment-of-severe-thoracic-scoliosis
#7
Heiko Koller, Tobias L Schulte, Oliver Meier, Juliane Koller, Viola Bullmann, Wolfgang Hitzl, Michael Mayer, Tobias Lange, Jens Schmücker
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Isolated thoracoplasty (iTP) on the convex side is performed long time after scoliosis surgery has been performed. ITP is thought to cause a further decline in pulmonary function (PF); however, the amount of decline is ill defined. The objectives of this study were to examine the influence of iTP on the postoperative evolution of PF and rib hump reduction in patients that previously undergone scoliosis surgery. METHODS: Over an 11-year period, 75 patients underwent iTP...
February 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161318/effects-of-daily-physical-activity-level-on-manual-wheelchair-propulsion-technique-in-full-time-manual-wheelchair-users-during-steady-state-treadmill-propulsion
#8
Jennifer Dysterheft, Ian Rice, Yvonne Learmonth, Dominque Kinnett-Hopkins, Robert Motl
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether differences in propulsion technique as a function of intra-individual variability occur as a result of shoulder pain and physical activity (PA) level in full time manual wheelchair users (MWU). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 14 MWU completed the study. Participants were 18-64 years old, used a wheelchair for > 80% ambulation, and free of any condition that could be worsened by PA...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160254/association-between-low-lean-mass-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-653-women-with-hip-fracture-does-the-definition-of-low-lean-mass-matter
#9
Marco Di Monaco, Carlotta Castiglioni, Roberto Di Monaco, Rosa Tappero
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Loss of both muscle and bone mass results in fragility fractures with increased risk of disability, poor quality of life, and death. Our aim was to assess the association between low appendicular lean mass (aLM) defined according to different criteria and low bone mineral density (BMD) in hip-fracture women. METHODS: Six hundred fifty-three women admitted to our rehabilitation hospital underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry 19.1 ± 4...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152396/insulin-resistance-atherogenicity-and-iron-metabolism-in-multiple-sclerosis-with-and-without-depression-associations-with-inflammatory-and-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-and-uric-acid
#10
Sayonara Rangel Oliveira, Ana Paula Kallaur, Josiane Lopes, Andrea Name Colado Simão, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche, Elaine Regina Delicato de Almeida, Helena Kaminami Morimoto, Wildea Lice de Carvalho Jennings de Pereira, Daniela Frizon Alfieri, Tamires Flauzino, Caio de Meleck Proença, Anna Maria Gomes, Damacio Ramón Kaimen-Maciel, Michael Maes
Depression is accompanied by metabolic disorders in iron metabolism, lipoproteins, and insulin resistance. We measured plasma levels of ferritin, iron, lipids, insulin, and glucose and computed the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA2IR) and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) in MS patients with and without depression and healthy controls. Explanatory variables were serum uric acid, interleukin (IL)-6, lipid hydroperoxides (CL-LOOH), albumin, and C-reactive protein (CRP). Depression was assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), neurological disability using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), and disease progression using ∆EDSS over five years earlier...
December 27, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125943/a-comparison-of-physical-activity-physical-fitness-levels-bmi-and-blood-pressure-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability-who-do-and-do-not-take-part-in-special-olympics-ireland-programmes
#11
Denise Walsh, Sarahjane Belton, Sarah Meegan, Kirsty Bowers, Deidre Corby, Anthony Staines, Treasa McVeigh, Michael McKeon, Edel Hoey, Dominic Trépel, Peter Griffin, Mary Rose Sweeney
People with an intellectual disability are less physically active, live more sedentary lives, have lower fitness levels and are more likely to be overweight or obese than the general population. No evidence exists on the impact of participation in Special Olympics Ireland (SOI) on physical activity and physical fitness levels. Adults with intellectual disabilities (16-64 years) were recruited from services and SOI clubs. Physical measures included waist circumference, height, weight, blood pressure, heart rate and 6-min walking test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125441/impact-of-elevated-body-mass-index-and-obesity-on-long-term-surgical-outcomes-for-patients-with-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-analysis-of-a-combined-prospective-dataset
#12
Jefferson R Wilson, Lindsay A Tetreault, Gregory Schroeder, James S Harrop, Srinivas Prasad, Alex Vaccaro, Christopher Kepler, Ashwini Sharan, Michael G Fehlings
STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of a combined prospective dataset. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of preoperative body mass index (BMI) on surgical outcomes in degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although elevated BMI has been shown to have a deleterious impact on outcomes after lumbar spine surgery, limited evidence is available regarding its impact in DCM. METHODS: Analyses were completed using a combined North American/International prospective surgical DCM dataset from 26 participating centers...
February 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114971/molecular-alterations-in-skeletal-muscle-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-are-related-to-disease-activity-physical-inactivity-and-disability
#13
Kim M Huffman, Ryan Jessee, Brian Andonian, Brittany N Davis, Rachel Narowski, Janet L Huebner, Virginia B Kraus, Julie McCracken, Brian F Gilmore, K Noelle Tune, Milton Campbell, Timothy R Koves, Deborah M Muoio, Monica J Hubal, William E Kraus
BACKGROUND: To identify molecular alterations in skeletal muscle in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that may contribute to ongoing disability in RA. METHODS: Persons with seropositive or erosive RA (n = 51) and control subjects matched for age, gender, race, body mass index (BMI), and physical activity (n = 51) underwent assessment of disease activity, disability, pain, physical activity and thigh muscle biopsies. Muscle tissue was used for measurement of pro-inflammatory markers, transcriptomics, and comprehensive profiling of metabolic intermediates...
January 23, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112078/abdominal-obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-disability-in-brazilian-older-adults
#14
Ligiana Pires Corona, Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Maria Lúcia Lebrão
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of abdominal obesity in the incidence of disability in older adults living in São Paulo, Brazil, in a 5-year period. DESIGN: Longitudinal study, part of the SABE Study (Health, Wellbeing and Aging). We assessed the disability incidence in the period (reported difficulty in at least one activity of daily living (ADL) in 2010) in relation to abdominal obesity in 2006 (waist circumference ≥102 cm in men and ≥88 cm in women). We used Poisson regression to evaluate the association between obesity and disability incidence, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors including BMI...
January 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102165/occupational-activity-in-patients-10-years-after-hip-replacement-surgery
#15
Teresa Pop, Ewelina Czenczek-Lewandowska, Bogumił Lewandowski, Justyna Leszczak, Justyna Podgórska-Bednarz, Joanna Baran
BACKGROUND: Advanced hip osteoarthritis requires total joint replacement surgery to improve daily activity, including occupational activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate employment status among patients 10 years after hip replacement surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 63 patients who underwent total hip replacement surgery at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology between 2003 and 2005 were enrolled in the study. At the time of the study (2014), all patients from the study group were of working age...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078503/efficacy-of-pulsed-nd-yag-laser-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Tarek Helmy Ahmed Aly, Aly Elsayed Mohamed Elsayed, Ammar Suliman Mohamed Fadil
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pulsed Nd:YAG laser plus glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate (GCS) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by examining changes in pain and knee function, as well as synovial thickness (ST) and femoral cartilage thickness (FCT). Sixty-seven male patients participated, with a mean (SD) age of 53.85 (4.39) years, weight of 84.01 (4.70) kg, height of 171.51 (3.96) cm, and BMI of 28.56 (1.22). Group 1 was treated with high-intensity laser therapy (HILT), GCS, and exercises (HILT + GCS + EX)...
January 11, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077822/factors-associated-with-work-ability-index-wai-among-intensive-care-units-icus-nurses
#17
Akbar Rostamabadi, Zahra Zamanian, Zahra Sedaghat
: Objectives Work ability is a crucial occupational health issue in health care settings where a high physical and psychosocial work capacity is required and a high risk of disabling injuries and illnesses is predictable. This study aims to examine the association between the work ability index (WAI) and individual characterizations, workload, fatigue, and diseases among intensive care units' (ICUs') nurses. METHODS: The study sample included 214 nurses selected by a random sampling method from a target population consisting of 321 registered nurses working in eight ICUs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077124/important-patient-characteristics-differ-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#18
Patricia D Franklin, Hermes Miozzari, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Pierre Hoffmeyer, David C Ayers, Anne Lübbeke
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty are often generalized internationally. Patient-dependent factors and preoperative symptom levels may differ across countries. We compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. METHODS: Patient characteristics were collected prospectively on all elective primary TKAs and THAs performed at a large Swiss hospital and in a US national sample...
January 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071980/metabolic-syndrome-hypertension-and-nervous-system-injury-epidemiological-correlates
#19
Giovanna Ricci, Isabel Pirillo, Daniele Tomassoni, Ascanio Sirignano, Iolanda Grappasonni
: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a common and complex disorder combining hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. MetS represents a risk factor for changes in cognitive functions in older age, and several studies have suggested that MetS may be linked to dementia. This article reviews the main evidences about the relationship between MetS and neurodegenerative disease. Starting from an epidemiological point of view, the article analyzes medico-social aspects related to MetS, considering the reduction of work capacity and the condition of disability that it involves...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999659/the-effect-of-obesity-on-treatment-outcomes-for-low-back-pain
#20
Stanley C Ewald, Eric L Hurwitz, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of obesity, as measured by body mass index (BMI), on treatment outcomes for low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Data from the University of California, Los Angeles, and Friendly Hills Healthcare Network low back pain study (collected from 1995 to 2000) were used to perform a secondary data analysis of this randomized clinical trial on adults who sought care for LBP. BMI was the primary predictor variable...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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