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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653499/exercise-s-effect-on-mobility-disability-in-older-adults-with-and-without-obesity-the-life-study-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Stephen B Kritchevsky, Laura Lovato, Elizabeth P Handing, Steven Blair, Anda Botoseneanu, Jack M Guralnik, Christine Liu, Abby King, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, W Jack Rejeski, Bonnie Spring, Todd Manini
OBJECTIVE: Some data suggest that obesity blunts the benefits of exercise on mobility in older adults. This study tested the homogeneity of the effect of a physical activity intervention on major mobility disability (MMD) across baseline obesity classifications in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. LIFE randomized 1,635 sedentary men and women aged 70 to 89 years to a moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) or health education program. METHODS: MMD, defined as the inability to walk 400 m, was determined over an average follow-up of 2...
July 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645552/mortality-following-augmentation-cystoplasty-a-transitional-urologist-s-viewpoint
#2
REVIEW
D A Husmann
INTRODUCTION: Three complications have been hypothesized to increase patient mortality following enterocystoplasty: spontaneous bladder perforation, bladder neoplasia, and chronic renal failure (CRF). The present study examined risk of their occurrence and discussed ways to improve the quality of care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present transitional clinic followed 385 patients with a history of bladder augmentation using either ileal, sigmoid, or ascending colon...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643062/loss-of-medicaid-insurance-after-successful-bariatric-surgery-an-unintended-outcome
#3
J Hunter Mehaffey, Eric J Charles, Irving L Kron, Bruce Schirmer, Peter T Hallowell
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery leads to dramatic weight loss and improved overall health, which may affect insurance status for certain patients. Traditional Medicaid provides coverage for children, pregnant women, and disabled adults, while expanded Medicaid provides insurance coverage to all adults with incomes up to 138% of the federal poverty level. We hypothesized that successful bariatric surgery would lead to improved health status but an unintended loss of Medicaid coverage. METHODS: All patients who underwent bariatric surgery at a single institution in a non-expansion state from 1985 through 2015 were identified using a prospectively collected database...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633384/correlates-of-dyspnoea-and-its-association-with-adverse-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-adults-aged-80-and-over
#4
Eralda Hegendörfer, Bert Vaes, Catharina Matheï, Gijs Van Pottelbergh, Jean-Marie Degryse
Background: adults aged 80 and over, a fast growing age-group, with increased co-morbidity and frailty have not been the focus of previous research on dyspnoea. We investigate the correlates of dyspnoea and its association with adverse outcomes in a cohort of adults aged 80 and over. Methods: about 565 community-dwelling adults aged 80 and over of the BELFRAIL prospective cohort had assessment of Medical Research Council dyspnoea scale (MRC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), physical performance tests, grip strength, 15 items geriatric depression scale, activities of daily living (ADL), body mass index (BMI) and demographics data...
June 14, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620795/levator-ani-defects-and-the-severity-of-symptoms-in-women-with-anterior-compartment-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#5
Sissel H Oversand, Anne C Staff, Leiv Sandvik, Ingrid Volløyhaug, Rune Svenningsen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsions in a selected cohort of patients with primary anterior compartment pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to assess whether LAM avulsions, as an independent factor, affect the degree of POP symptoms and sexual dysfunction. Additionally, clinical and demographic variables of women with and those without avulsions were compared. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort study including 197 women scheduled for anterior compartment POP surgery...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620273/state-dependent-decoding-algorithms-improve-the-performance-of-a-bidirectional-bmi-in-anesthetized-rats
#6
Vito De Feo, Fabio Boi, Houman Safaai, Arno Onken, Stefano Panzeri, Alessandro Vato
Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) promise to improve the quality of life of patients suffering from sensory and motor disabilities by creating a direct communication channel between the brain and the external world. Yet, their performance is currently limited by the relatively small amount of information that can be decoded from neural activity recorded form the brain. We have recently proposed that such decoding performance may be improved when using state-dependent decoding algorithms that predict and discount the large component of the trial-to-trial variability of neural activity which is due to the dependence of neural responses on the network's current internal state...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608804/phytosterols-and-omega-3-supplementation-exert-novel-regulatory-effects-on-metabolic-and-inflammatory-pathways-a-proteomic-study
#7
Carmen Lambert Judit Cubedo, Teresa Padró, Joan Sánchez-Hernández, Rosa M Antonijoan, Antonio Perez, Lina Badimon
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains one of the major causes of death and disability worldwide. In addition to drug treatment, nutritional interventions or supplementations are becoming a health strategy for CVD prevention. Phytosterols (PhyS) are natural components that have been shown to reduce cholesterol levels; while poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), mainly omega-3 (ω3) fatty acids, have shown to reduce triglyceride levels. Here we aimed to investigate whether the proteins in the main lipoproteins (low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL)) as well as proteins in the lipid free plasma fraction (LPDP) were regulated by the intake of PhyS-milk or ω3-milk, in overweight healthy volunteers by a proteomic based systems biology approach...
June 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608254/determinants-of-physical-functioning-in-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Hakan Nur, Bilge Saruhan Sertkaya, Tiraje Tuncer
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an important health problem with its high prevalence and association with pain and functional disability in physical tasks and activities especially in women. AIMS: To explore the impacts of widely seen demographic, pathological, psychological, and impairment factors on physical functioning in women with knee OA using the performance-based and self-reported measures. METHODS: One hundred and ten women with knee OA participated in this study...
June 12, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605423/source-3-1-year-outcomes-post-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-using-the-latest-generation-of-the-balloon-expandable-transcatheter-heart-valve
#9
Olaf Wendler, Gerhard Schymik, Hendrik Treede, Helmut Baumgartner, Nicolas Dumonteil, Franz-Josef Neumann, Giuseppe Tarantini, José Luis Zamorano, Alec Vahanian
Aims: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has developed from a procedure for patients with aortic stenosis inoperable or high risk for surgery, into a treatment option even for intermediate risk elderly patients. This development has been facilitated by the clinical learning curve and constant improvements of transcatheter heart valves used. We present total 1-year results of SOURCE 3, the European post-approval multicentre registry of the latest generation balloon expandable SAPIEN 3TM (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA)...
June 12, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604487/does-additional-uncinate-resection-increase-pseudarthrosis-following-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#10
Dong-Ho Lee, Jae Hwan Cho, Jong-Min Baik, Youn-Suk Joo, Sehan Park, Woo-Kie Min, Chang Ju Hwang, Choon Sung Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether unilateral or bilateral uncinate resection (UR) combined with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) increases the risk of pseudarthrosis at long-term follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Uncoforaminotomy (or UR), performed along with ACDF, facilitates better and faster improvement of arm pain. As uncovertebral joints are important for maintaining stability, they may affect the fusion process by causing segmental instability if resected during ACDF...
June 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602617/objective-measures-of-activity-in-the-elderly-distribution-and-associations-with-demographic-and-health-factors
#11
Chantal M Koolhaas, Frank J A van Rooij, Josje D Schoufour, Magda Cepeda, Henning Tiemeier, Soren Brage, Oscar H Franco
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the distribution of activity over the full 24-hour spectrum in late old age and its association with demographic and health factors. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the distribution of physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and sleep, and associated factors in the elderly population. METHODS: Our study included 1210 participants (51.9% women) aged 70-94 years [mean age 77.5 years, standard deviation (SD) 5.0] from the population-based Rotterdam Study...
June 8, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599951/age-gender-and-percentage-of-circulating-osteoprogenitor-cop-cells-the-cop-study
#12
Piumali Gunawardene, Ahmed Al Saedi, Lakshman Singh, Sandra Bermeo, Sara Vogrin, Steven Phu, Pushpa Suriyaarachchi, Robert J Pignolo, Gustavo Duque
Circulating osteoprogenitor (COP) cells are blood-borne cells which express a variety of osteoblastic markers and are able to form bone nodules in vivo. Whereas a high percentage of COP cells (%COP) is associated with vascular calcification, low %COP has been associated with disability and frailty. However, the reference range of %COP in age- and gender-matching populations, and the age-related changes in %COP remain unknown. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 144 healthy volunteers in Western Sydney (20-90year-old, 10 male and 10 female subjects per decade)...
June 6, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586511/factors-affecting-dance-exercise-performance-among-students-at-a-special-needs-school
#13
Yukiko Ito, Izumi Hiramoto, Hideya Kodama
BACKGROUND: In Japan, dance exercise has been introduced as a compulsory element of health and physical education. However, there is a considerable discrepancy in the levels of performance among students with intellectual disabilities (ID) at a special needs school. AIM: To demonstrate factors affecting the performance of dance exercise in students with ID. METHODS: A 4-month dance exercise program was implemented for junior high school students at a special needs school, and performance of 32 students at 22 sessions was assessed quantitatively by amount of calorie use by exercise and the proficiency scores of performances...
June 6, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583376/depression-and-health-behaviors-in-women-with-peripartum-cardiomyopathy
#14
Lindsey Rosman, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, John Cahill, Karl L Wuensch, Samuel F Sears
BACKGROUND: Depression and health behavior engagement are a critical issue for recovery and secondary prevention in heart failure patients. No prior studies have examined these important clinical outcomes in young women diagnosed with Peripartum Cardiomyopathy (PPCM). We sought to characterize the prevalence of depression and health behaviors in PPCM patients and examine whether depression is associated with reduced engagement in health behaviors. METHODS: A nation-wide, cohort of 177 PPCM patients (mean age of 34...
June 2, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573749/obesity-impedes-functional-improvement-in-youth-with-chronic-pain-an-initial-investigation
#15
A M Stoner, K E Jastrowski Mano, S J Weisman, K R Hainsworth
BACKGROUND: Youth with chronic pain are at higher risk for obesity than the general population. In youth with chronic pain, obesity exacerbates pain-specific activity limitations, and in adults with chronic pain, obesity perpetuates a cycle of disability. The current study examined whether weight status predicts functional disability outcomes over time in youth with chronic pain. METHODS: Data were obtained from a retrospective chart review of patients who consented to participate in a longitudinal outcomes study...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571173/flat-foot-in-a-random-population-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-functionality
#16
Salvador Pita-Fernandez, Cristina Gonzalez-Martin, Francisco Alonso-Tajes, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Sonia Pertega-Diaz, Sergio Perez-Garcia, Rocio Seijo-Bestilleiro, Vanesa Balboa-Barreiro
INTRODUCTION: Flat foot is a common deformity in adults. It is characterized by medial rotation and plantar flexion of the talus, eversion of the calcaneus, collapsed medial arch and abduction of the forefoot. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of flat foot and its impact on quality of life, dependence, foot pain, disability and functional limitation among random population of 40-year-old and above. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study in a random population sample from Cambre (A Coruña-Spain) (n=835) was performed (α =0...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554703/differences-in-prevalence-treatment-and-control-rates-of-hypertension-between-male-and-female-in-the-area-of-blida-algeria
#17
A Bachir Cherif, A Bouamra, A Taleb, R Nedjar, A Bouraghda, F Hamida, M Temmar, M T Bouafia
PURPOSE: To compare differences in prevalence rates, treatment and control of hypertension (AHT) between males and females in general medicine consultation in the area of Blida (Algeria). METHODS: We included 3622 patients in the study (42% males and 58% females), with a mean age of 48.14±10.11 years, examined between January 2014 and June 2016 in general medicine consultation in the area of Blida (Algeria). Data was collected with individual questionnaires. Measurement of blood pressure was made using validated semi-automatic devices (OMRON HEM model 705CP)...
May 26, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549902/does-corrective-spine-surgery-improve-the-standing-balance-in-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#18
Mitsuru Yagi, Hideaki Ohne, Shinjiro Kaneko, Masafumi Machida, Yoshiyuki Yato, Takashi Asazuma
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The effect of corrective spine surgery on standing stability in adult spinal deformity (ASD) has not been fully documented. PURPOSE: To compare pre- and postoperative standing balance and posture in patients with ASD. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective case series. PATIENT SAMPLE: Standing balance before and after corrective spine surgery was compared in 35 consecutive female patients with ASD (65...
May 23, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544480/obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-developing-functional-limitation-among-older-adults-a-conditional-inference-tree-analysis
#19
Feon W Cheng, Xiang Gao, Le Bao, Diane C Mitchell, Craig Wood, Martin J Sliwinski, Helen Smiciklas-Wright, Christopher D Still, David D K Rolston, Gordon L Jensen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk factors of developing functional decline and make probabilistic predictions by using a tree-based method that allows higher order polynomials and interactions of the risk factors. METHODS: The conditional inference tree analysis, a data mining approach, was used to construct a risk stratification algorithm for developing functional limitation based on BMI and other potential risk factors for disability in 1,951 older adults without functional limitations at baseline (baseline age 73...
May 24, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516238/foot-pain-severity-is-associated-with-the-ratio-of-visceral-to-subcutaneous-fat-mass-fat-mass-index-and-depression-in-women
#20
Tom P Walsh, John B Arnold, Tiffany K Gill, Angela M Evans, Alison Yaxley, Catherine L Hill, E Michael Shanahan
Body composition and poor mental health are risk factors for developing foot pain, but the role of different fat deposits and psychological features related to chronic pain are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between body composition, psychological health and foot pain. Eighty-eight women participated in this study: 44 with chronic, disabling foot pain (mean age 55.3 SD 7.0 years, BMI 29.5 SD 6.7 kg/m(2)), and 44 age and BMI matched controls. Disabling foot pain was determined from the functional limitation domain of the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index...
July 2017: Rheumatology International
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