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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213684/quality-of-life-improves-in-children-and-adolescents-during-a-community-based-overweight-and-obesity-treatment
#1
Pernille M Mollerup, Tenna R H Nielsen, Christine Bøjsøe, Julie T Kloppenborg, Jennifer L Baker, Jens-Christian Holm
PURPOSE: The quality of life is compromised in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the quality of life improves during a community-based overweight and obesity treatment, and whether improvements depend on reductions in the degree of obesity. METHODS: Quality of life was assessed using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 in children and adolescents aged 3-18 years with overweight or obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile] upon entry into a community-based chronic care overweight and obesity treatment based upon The Children's Obesity Clinic's Treatment protocol, and upon follow-up after 10-30 months of treatment...
February 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210936/does-obesity-affect-the-non-invasive-measurement-of-cardiac-output-performed-by-electrical-cardiometry-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Eva Welisch, Ralf Rauch, Michael Miller, Teresa Sohee Park, Kambiz Norozi
Electrical cardiometry (EC) is a non-invasive and inexpensive method for hemodynamic assessment and monitoring. However, its feasibility for widespread clinical use, especially for the obese population, has yet to be determined. In this study, we evaluated the agreement and reliability of EC compared to transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTE) in normal, overweight, and obese children and adolescents. We measured stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) of 131 participants using EC and TTE simultaneously...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210748/risk-factors-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-suburban-adolescents-from-a-malaysian-district
#3
Wai Fong Chew, Pooi Pooi Leong, Sook Fan Yap, A Malik Yasmin, Kong Bung Choo, Gary Kim Kuan Low, Nem Yun Boo
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the risk factors associated with abdominal obesity (AO) in suburban adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adolescents aged 15-17 years from five randomly selected secondary schools in the Hulu Langat district of Selangor State, Malaysia. Waist circumference (WC) was measured at the midpoint between the lower margin of last palpable rib and the top of iliac crest. Information on sociodemographic data, dietary habits, physical activity levels and duration of sleep was obtained via interviewer-administered questionnaires...
February 17, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208043/the-australasian-diabetes-data-network-first-national-audit-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Helen Phelan, Helen Clapin, Loren Bruns, Fergus J Cameron, Andrew M Cotterill, Jennifer J Couper, Elizabeth A Davis, Kim C Donaghue, Craig A Jefferies, Bruce R King, Richard O Sinnott, Elaine B Tham, Jerry K Wales, Timothy W Jones, Maria E Craig
OBJECTIVES: To assess glycaemic control, anthropometry and insulin regimens in a national sample of Australian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of de-identified, prospectively collected data from the Australasian Diabetes Data Network (ADDN) registry. SETTING: Five paediatric diabetes centres in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Children and adolescents (aged 18 years or under) with type 1 diabetes of at least 12 months' duration for whom data were added to the ADDN registry during 2015...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199074/inflammatory-markers-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-as-potential-bridges-linking-bipolar-disorder-and-cardiovascular-risk-among-adolescents
#5
Jessica K Hatch, Gustavo Scola, Omodele Olowoyeye, Jordan E Collins, Ana C Andreazza, Alan Moody, Anthony J Levitt, Bradley H Strauss, Krista L Lanctot, Benjamin I Goldstein
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with increased rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inflammatory markers are leading biomarkers in BD. We examined whether these biomarkers underlie the link between BD and CVD proxies among adolescents with bipolar spectrum disorders. METHODS: Subjects were 60 adolescents, 13-19 years old (40 with BD and 20 healthy controls [HCs]). Semistructured interviews determined diagnoses based on DSM-IV...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196030/physical-activities-and-lifestyle-factors-related-to-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#6
Kota Watanabe, Takehiro Michikawa, Ikuho Yonezawa, Masashi Takaso, Shohei Minami, Shigeru Soshi, Takashi Tsuji, Eijiro Okada, Katsumi Abe, Masamichi Takahashi, Keiko Asakura, Yuji Nishiwaki, Morio Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: In addition to genetic factors, environmental and lifestyle factors are thought to play an important role in the onset of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This cross-sectional study was conducted to explore lifestyle factors related to AIS. METHODS: This study included 2,759 Japanese female junior high school students who planned a secondary screening after an initial moiré topography screening indicated possible scoliosis. The students and their mothers, or guardians, were asked to fill out a questionnaire consisting of 38 questions about demographic factors, lifestyle-related factors, social factors, household environment, participation in sports, health status, and factors related to the mother's pregnancy and delivery...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194666/increasing-burden-of-chronic-liver-disease-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-the-usa-a-silent-epidemic
#7
Iliana Doycheva, Kymberly D Watt, Ghassoub Rifai, Rachel Abou Mrad, Rocio Lopez, Nizar N Zein, William D Carey, Naim Alkhouri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic liver disease (CLD) starts or becomes established in the adolescent and young adult (AYA) age group. This study aimed to estimate trends in CLD prevalence among US AYAs and to assess factors associated with CLD. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 14,547 AYAs (population-weighted N = 68,274,386) aged 15-39 years enrolled in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1988 to 2012 were used. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was defined as elevated alanine aminotransferase (>19 U/L for females and >30 U/L for males) in subjects with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2); alcoholic liver disease (ALD) as excessive alcohol use (≥3 drinks/day for men and ≥2 drinks/day for women) and elevated aminotransferases after excluding alternative etiologies...
February 13, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192551/effectiveness-of-computer-automation-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-childhood-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Tamara S Hannon, Tamara M Dugan, Chandan K Saha, Steven J McKee, Stephen M Downs, Aaron E Carroll
Importance: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasingly common in young individuals. Primary prevention and screening among children and adolescents who are at substantial risk for T2D are recommended, but implementation of T2D screening practices in the pediatric primary care setting is uncommon. Objective: To determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a computerized clinical decision support system to identify pediatric patients at high risk for T2D and to coordinate screening for and diagnosis of prediabetes and T2D...
February 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192499/vitamin-d-status-in-pediatric-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#9
Benjamin Udoka Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Ninfa Candela
IMPORTANCE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with significant morbidity in children and adolescents, and the therapeutic efficacy of available treatment options is limited. The role of vitamin D supplementation in pediatric IBS is unclear as the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS is unknown. Equally, the relationship of vitamin D status with psychosomatic symptoms in children and adolescents is unclear. AIM: To characterize the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS using a case-control study design...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187267/use-of-appreciative-inquiry-to-engage-parents-as-codesigners-of-a-weight-management-intervention-for-adolescents
#10
Shirley M Moore, Cheryl M Killion, Sharon Andrisin, Frances Lissemore, Tonia Primm, Oluwatomisin Olayinka, Elaine A Borawski
BACKGROUND: Focus groups are often used to involve families as codesigners of weight management interventions. Focus groups, however, are seldom designed to elicit families' strengths and positive experiences. The purpose of this study was to describe the use of the Appreciative Inquiry process in the conduct of focus groups to engage families in the design of a weight management intervention for adolescents. METHODS: A convenience sample of 44 parents (84% female; 82% minority) of adolescent children with a BMI ≥ 85th percentile, who were in the 6th-8th grade in a large urban school, participated in focus groups designed to elicit family-positive experiences and strengths regarding healthy living...
February 10, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183455/cardiometabolic-risk-markers-adipocyte-fatty-acid-binding-protein-afabp-and-the-impact-of-high-intensity-interval-training-hiit-in-obese-adolescents
#11
Susann Blüher, Jakob Käpplinger, Sabine Herget, Sandra Reichardt, Yvonne Böttcher, Andrea Grimm, Jürgen Kratzsch, David Petroff
OBJECTIVE: The impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) as well as the association between the adipocyte fatty binding protein (aFABP) and cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight adolescents was investigated. METHODS: Twenty-eight adolescents (13-18years; BMI≥90th percentile according to German reference values) were offered HIIT twice weekly for 6months. At baseline and after program completion, anthropometric, clinical and metabolic characteristics were assessed and a fasting blood sample was obtained...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181473/is-underweight-associated-with-more-positive-body-image-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-in-adolescent-girls-and-boys
#12
Adam Kantanista, Magdalena Król-Zielińska, Joanna Borowiec, Wiesław Osiński
The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between body image and prevalence of underweight, normal weight, and overweight in adolescents. The study included 1702 girls and 1547 boys, aged 14-16 years, who completed questionnaire assessing body satisfaction. The participants' BMI status: underweight, normal weight or overweight was determined on the basis of BMI cut-off values. Results revealed that more girls (p < .001) showed low body satisfaction (44.8%) and fewer girls (p < .001) had high body satisfaction (17...
February 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180149/the-obalon-swallowable-intragastric-balloon-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-morbid-obesity
#13
Francesco De Peppo, Romina Caccamo, Ottavio Adorisio, Emanuela Ceriati, Paola Marchetti, Antonio Contursi, Arianna Alterio, Claudia Della Corte, Malnia Manco, Valerio Nobili
Background and study aims Incidence of morbid obesity has grown dramatically in the last half century and this phenomenon affects with particular severity the pediatric population. Dietary restrictions and careful programs to improve lifestyle are often ineffective to manage this particular group of patients, due to poor compliance typical of the adolescence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new intragastric balloon for treatment of morbidly obese children. Patients and methods A new swallowable intragastric balloon (Obalon) has been used for the first time in 17 obese children in order to assess its safety and effectiveness in terms of reduction in excess weight...
January 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176415/visceral-fat-is-associated-with-the-racial-differences-in-liver-fat-between-black-and-white-adolescent-boys-with-obesity
#14
SoJung Lee, Jennifer L Kuk
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether racial differences in liver fat are associated with the differences in abdominal fat distribution or cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). METHODS: Participants included 57 black and white obese boys (12-18 years). Total and abdominal fat was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and magnetic resonance imaging, respectively. CRF was measured using a maximal graded treadmill test with the use of standard open-circuit spirometry techniques until volitional fatigue...
February 8, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169886/prehypertension-among-2-19-million-adolescents-and-future-risk-for-end-stage-renal-disease
#15
Adi Leiba, Gilad Twig, Asaf Vivante, Karl Skorecki, Eliezer Golan, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ehud Grossman, Rita Dichtiar, Jeremy D Kark, Tamar Shohat
OBJECTIVE: Persistent hypertension in adulthood is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Whether lower blood pressure (BP) values, in the range of prehypertension, are also associated with future occurrence of ESRD is unclear. Even less clear is the potential risk of early prehypertension appearing in adolescence. To address this question, we examined whether BP measurements in the prehypertensive range at age 16-19 years predict adult ESRD. METHODS: Medical data on 2194 635 16-19-year-old adolescents examined for medical fitness prior to military service from 1977 to 2013 were linked to the Israeli ESRD registry in this nationwide population-based cohort study...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169572/relation-of-adolescents-physical-activity-to-after-school-recreation-environment
#16
Christina M Thornton, Kelli L Cain, Terry L Conway, Jacqueline Kerr, Brian E Saelens, Lawrence D Frank, Karen Glanz, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: The after-school period provides an opportune context for adolescent physical activity. This study examined how characteristics of after-school recreation environments related to adolescent physical activity. METHODS: Participants were 889 adolescents aged 12-17 (M = 14.1, SD = 1.4) from two US regions. Adolescents reported on whether their school offered after-school supervised physical activity, access to play areas/fields, and presence of sports facilities...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169561/bike-desks-in-the-classroom-energy-expenditure-physical-health-cognitive-performance-brain-functioning-and-academic-performance
#17
Tine Torbeyns, Bas de Geus, Stephen Bailey, Lieselot Decroix, Jeroen Van Cutsem, Kevin De Pauw, Romain Meeusen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is positively associated with physical health, cognitive performance, brain functioning and academic performance. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of bike desks in the classroom on adolescents' energy expenditure, physical health, cognitive performance, brain functioning and academic performance. METHODS: Forty-four adolescents were randomly assigned to control (CG) or intervention group (IG). During five months, the IG used a bike desk for four class hours/week...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168346/overweight-is-not-predictive-of-bracing-failure-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-results-from-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Fabio Zaina, Sabrina Donzelli, Stefano Negrini
PURPOSE: Overweight was found to be a negative predictor of brace effectiveness for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), with a threefold higher risk of progression than in normal weight patients. The aim of this study is to investigate overweight, as a predictor of brace results in AIS patients. METHODS: Design: retrospective cohort study. POPULATION: 351 AIS patients (306 females), mean age 12.9 ± 1.4, mean Cobb 35.6 ± 11.4°, mean ATR 11 ± 4...
February 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166853/using-reduced-rank-regression-methods-to-identify-dietary-patterns-associated-with-obesity-a-cross-country-study-among-european-and-australian-adolescents
#19
Inge Huybrechts, Sandrine Lioret, Theodora Mouratidou, Marc J Gunter, Yannis Manios, Mathilde Kersting, Frederic Gottrand, Anthony Kafatos, Stefaan De Henauw, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Kurt Widhalm, Marcela Gonzales-Gross, Denes Molnar, Luis A Moreno, Sarah A McNaughton
This study aims to examine repeatability of reduced rank regression (RRR) methods in calculating dietary patterns (DP) and cross-sectional associations with overweight (OW)/obesity across European and Australian samples of adolescents. Data from two cross-sectional surveys in Europe (2006/2007 Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study, including 1954 adolescents, 12-17 years) and Australia (2007 National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, including 1498 adolescents, 12-16 years) were used...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165360/body-composition-nutritional-profile-and-muscular-fitness-affect-bone-health-in-a-sample-of-schoolchildren-from-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#20
Mónica Adriana Forero-Bogotá, Mónica Liliana Ojeda-Pardo, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RíoValle, Carmen Flores Navarro-Pérez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Javier Martínez-Torres, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF) and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6% girls). Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA) was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
February 3, 2017: Nutrients
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