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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162532/the-value-of-prostatic-specific-antigen-in-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-adolescent-girls
#1
Aytekin Tokmak, Serkan Bodur, Selcuk Erkilinc, Sule Ozel, Yaprak Engin-Ustun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate and compare the serum total prostatic specific antigen (PSA) levels in adolescent girls in with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) to show whether evaluation of PSA levels have a diagnostic benefit over existing diagnostic criteria. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: A territory referral center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 89 (15-19 years) non-obese (18-24...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159854/the-effect-of-impaired-glucose-metabolism-on-weight-loss-in-multidisciplinary-childhood-obesity-treatment
#2
Julie T Kloppenborg, Michael Gamborg, Cilius E Fonvig, Tenna R H Nielsen, Oluf Pedersen, Jesper Johannesen, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether children and adolescents exhibiting an impaired glucose metabolism are more obese at treatment entry and less likely to reduce their degree of obesity during treatment. METHODS: The present study is a longitudinal observational study, including children and adolescents from the Children's Obesity Clinic, Holbaek, Denmark. Anthropometrics, pubertal development, socioeconomic status (SES), and fasting concentrations of plasma glucose, serum insulin, serum C-peptide, and whole blood glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were collected at treatment entry and at follow-up...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157589/overweight-and-obesity-add-to-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#3
Sarah N Biggs, Knarik Tamanyan, Lisa M Walter, Aidan J Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Rosemary S C Horne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether overweight and obesity increased the detrimental effects of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on cognition, behavior, mood, and quality of life. METHODS: Children and adolescents (8-16 years) with clinically diagnosed SDB were categorized into two groups: healthy weight (Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score <1.04, N = 11) and overweight/obese (BMI z-score ≥ 1.04, N = 10). Age-matched healthy weight, non-snoring controls (N = 25) were recruited from the community...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154726/comparison-of-apolipoprotein-apob-apoa-1-and-lipoprotein-total-cholesterol-hdl-ratios-in-obese-adolescents
#4
Ramin Alemzadeh, Jessica Kichler
BACKGROUND: Serum (ApoB/ApoA-1) ratio is considered a stronger predictor of systemic inflammation and atherosclerosis than serum total cholesterol/HDL (TC/HDL) ratio among adults. We evaluated the relationships between ApoB/ApoA-1 and TC/HDL ratios with surrogate markers of inflammation and insulin resistance (IR) among obese adolescents. METHODS: Body mass index z-score (BMI-z), body composition, fasting glucose, insulin, lipids, high-sensitive c-reactive protein (hs-CRP), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were evaluated in 143 obese adolescents...
November 20, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147785/qt-interval-and-dispersion-in-drug-free-anorexia-nervosa-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#5
Monica Bomba, Lucio Tremolizzo, Fabiola Corbetta, Franco Nicosia, Francesca Lanfranconi, Gianni Poggioli, Karine Goulene, Marco Stramba-Badiale, Elisa Conti, Francesca Neri, Renata Nacinovich
Long QT values have been reported in patients with anorexia nervosa of the restricting type (ANr) potentially increasing the risk of fatal arrhythmia, especially if psychotropic drug treatment is required. Nevertheless, the previous studies on this topic are biased by drug exposure, long disease durations, and small sample sizes. This study is aimed at assessing QTc and QTcd values in ANr adolescents with recent onset and drug free, as compared to subjects affected by psychiatric disorders other than ANr. We evaluated QTc and its dispersion (QTcd) in a population of 77 drug-free ANr female adolescents and compared to an equal number of healthy controls (H-CTRL) and pathological controls (P-CTRL, mixed psychiatric disorders)...
November 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139644/body-image-issues-in-lithuanian-magazines-aimed-for-children-and-adolescents-in-relation-to-body-mass-index-and-body-size-perception-of-16-19-y-old-girls-during-the-last-15-years
#6
Janina Tutkuviene, Agne Misiute, Ieva Strupaite, Gintare Paulikaite, Erika Pavlovskaja
Mass media plays an important role in forming body image and makes the significant impact on body size perception in children and adolescents. The aim of present study was to reveal trends in depiction of body image cues in Lithuanian magazines aimed for children and adolescents in relation to changes of real body mass index (BMI) and body size perception of 16-19 y. old girls in the year 2000 and the 2015. Three popular journals published both in the year 2000 and the 2015, were chosen for in-depth analysis of their contents (the periodicity of different topics was counted and compared)...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136487/the-healthy-fitness-zone-continuum-score-as-a-measure-of-change-in-body-mass-index-of-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-georgia-2012-2014
#7
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk, Yang Bai
OBJECTIVES: The FitnessGram Healthy Fitness Zone continuum (HFZc) score reflects the relative difference of a person's body mass index (BMI) from the established FitnessGram standard. As such, it may provide added utility for public health programming and research on obesity among school-aged children and adolescents. We used the standard BMI Z (BMIz) score and the alternative HFZc score to describe changes in BMI of school-aged children and adolescents in Georgia over time. METHODS: We compiled 2012-2014 BMI data from the Georgia FitnessGram database...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135487/update-on-endocrine-aspects-of-childhood-obesity
#8
Charumathi Baskaran, Nurgun Kandemir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although childhood obesity has leveled off in the last decade, 'severe obesity' continues to be on the rise. Various genetic, environmental and hormonal factors contribute to obesity. This article reviews the most current understanding of obesity's multifactorial origin and recent recommendations for its management in childhood and adolescence. RECENT FINDINGS: Epigenetics plays a key role in transmitting obesity risk to offspring. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms at genetic loci for adipokines and their receptors are associated with obesity...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135081/adverse-childhood-experiences-aces-and-adiposity-in-adolescents-a-cross-cohort-comparison
#9
Ana Luiza G Soares, Alicia Matijasevich, Ana M B Menezes, Maria Cecília Assunção, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Laura D Howe, Helen Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adiposity in adolescents from two cohorts in different socioeconomic contexts. METHODS: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC, United Kingdom) and the 1993 Pelotas Cohort (Brazil) were used. Six ACEs were assessed in both cohorts up to age 15. At 15 years, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and at 18 years, BMI, fat mass index, and android fat percentage were assessed...
November 14, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132947/associations-between-weight-loss-kidney-function-decline-and-risk-of-esrd-in-the-chronic-kidney-disease-in-children-ckid-cohort-study
#10
Elaine Ku, Joel D Kopple, Charles E McCulloch, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth, Robert H Mak, Barbara A Grimes, Mark Mitsnefes
BACKGROUND: Anorexia and malnutrition are associated with poor outcomes in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We assessed changes in body mass index (BMI) as kidney function declines and its association with risk for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) among 854 participants followed between 2005 to 2013 in the CKD in Children (CKiD) Study. PREDICTORS: Repeated measurements of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by serum creatinine concentration in our trajectory analysis using mixed models; change in BMI z score (per year) after eGFR decreased to <35mL/min/1...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131386/education-school-type-and-screen-time-were-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-in-2-930-adolescents
#11
Dieter Furthner, Margit Ehrenmueller, Roland Lanzersdorfer, Gerhard Halmerbauer, Klaus Schmitt, Ariane Biebl
AIM: This cross-sectional study analysed the influence of socioeconomic factors on screen time, overweight and obesity. METHODS: We asked adolescents aged 10, 14 and 17 from 10 school types in urban and rural regions in Upper Austria to complete questionnaires from December 2012 to February 2013. Their parents were also asked to complete questionnaires. RESULTS: The questionnaires were completed by 2,930 adolescents and 2,209 parents. Total weekend screen time was significantly associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) in 10-year-old boys (p<0...
November 13, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131049/changing-characteristics-of-obese-children-and-adolescents-entering-pediatric-lifestyle-intervention-programs-in-germany-over-the-last-11-years-an-adiposity-patients-registry-multicenter-analysis-of-65-453-children-and-adolescents
#12
Barbara Bohn, Susanna Wiegand, Wieland Kiess, Thomas Reinehr, Rainer Stachow, Johannes Oepen, Helmut Langhof, Thomas Hermann, Kurt Widhalm, Martin Wabitsch, Ines Gellhaus, Reinhard Holl
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether characteristics of children and adolescents who start lifestyle intervention (LI) for obesity in Germany changed over the last decade. METHODS: 65,453 subjects (<21 years) from the APV database (Adiposity Patients Registry) with a BMI ≥ 90th percentile were included (years 2005-2015). Logistic regression models (confounders: age, sex, migration background) were created for overweight, obesity, extreme obesity, and obesity-related comorbidities...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131017/initial-presentation-of-type-2-diabetes-in-adolescents-predicts-durability-of-successful-treatment-with-metformin-monotherapy-insights-from-the-pediatric-diabetes-consortium-t2d-registry
#13
Fida Bacha, Peiyao Cheng, Robin L Gal, Craig Kollman, William V Tamborlane, Georgeanna J Klingensmith, Katherine Manseau, Jamie Wood, Roy W Beck
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many adolescents with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have rapid deterioration of glycemic control on metformin monotherapy within 2 years of diagnosis. METHODS: Enrollment data from the Pediatric Diabetes Consortium T2D Registry were used to categorize 276 youth with a T2D duration ≥2 years into two groups: (1) participants with HbA1c <7.5% on metformin monotherapy (group 1, n = 75) and (2) participants treated with insulin ± metformin (group 2, n = 201)...
October 31, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130700/-dissatisfaction-with-body-image-and-its-relation-to-nutritional-status-cardiometabolic-risk-and-cardiorespiratory-capacity-in-public-school-children
#14
Pedro Antonio Delgado Floody, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Felipe García Pinillos, Pedro Latorre Román
INTRODUCTION: The increase in abdominal fat and excess weight are related to dissatisfaction with body image, which nowadays is highly prevalent nationally and internationally. AIM: The purpose of the study was to relate dissatisfaction levels to body image, nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in pre-adolescent students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-nine students participated in the study, 165 girls (11...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130699/inflammation-and-insulin-resistance-according-to-body-composition-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#15
Esther González-Gil, Luis Gracia-Marco, Javier Santabárbara, Denes Molnar, Francisco Jose Amaro Gahete, Frederic Gottrand, Aline Arouca, Antonios Kafatos, Kurt Widhalm, Yannis Manios, Alfonso Siani, Marcela González-Gross, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Ligia Esperanza Díaz, Catherine Leclerq, Jean Dallongeville, Ascensión Marcos, Luis A Moreno Aznar
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation is related to insulin resistance in adults, especially on those individuals with high levels of body composition. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between a set of inflammatory biomarkers and insulin resistance by levels of body composition in a sample of European adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine hundred and sixty-two adolescents (442 boys and 520 girls) from nine European countries met the inclusion criteria of having measurements for the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) and a set of inflammation-related biomarkers: C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL-6), complement factors C3 and C4 and selected cell adhesion molecules...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130340/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-a-sicilian-student-population
#16
Daniela Metro, Roberta Tardugno, Mattia Papa, Carlo Bisignano, Luigi Manasseri, Giorgio Calabrese, Teresa Gervasi, Giacomo Dugo, Nicola Cicero
Since the last decades, socio-economic changes have a key role on eating habits affecting the nutritional status and health of people, in particular children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to compare the diet of student population both normal weight and overweight and obese in order to understand their eating habits by comparing the different diets of the student referring to the Mediterranean diet. The study comprised 337 Sicilian students aged 9 to 13 years, 96 in primary schools and 241 in secondary schools, respectively, in three Sicilian cities namely, Messina, San Piero Patti and Ragusa...
November 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126188/insulin-like-growth-factor-1-and-receptor-contribute-genetic-susceptibility-to-hypertension-in-a-han-chinese-population
#17
Yingshui Yao, Lijun Zhu, Zhengmei Fang, Song Yang, Yanchun Chen, Yuelong Jin, Xianghai Zhao, Hailong Zhao, Qian Zhuang, Xiaotian Chen, Chong Shen
BACKGROUND: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) have been suggested to mediate the pathophysiological response to elevated blood pressure. This study aims to evaluate the association of IGF-1 and IGF-1R with hypertension. METHODS: Overall, 2012 hypertensive cases and 2210 controls were included in a case-control study, and ten tagSNPs were selected. The association of these SNPs with hypertension was further evaluated in a follow-up analysis and in an adolescent population...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125519/advanced-skeletal-maturity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-myelomeningocele
#18
Ronald Roiz, Nicole M Mueske, Alexander Van Speybroeck, Deirdre D Ryan, Vicente Gilsanz, Tishya A L Wren
PURPOSE: Atypical skeletal development is common in youth with myelomeningocele (MM), though the underlying reasons have not been fully elucidated. This study assessed skeletal maturity in children and adolescents with MM and examined the effects of sex, age, sexual development, ethnicity, anthropometrics and shunt status. METHODS: Forty-three males and 35 females with MM, 6-16 years old, underwent hand radiographs for bone age determination. The difference between bone age and chronological age was evaluated using Wilcoxon sign rank tests...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122096/association-between-bmi-and-dental-caries-among-school-children-and-adolescents-in-jiangsu-province-china
#19
Wei Li, Taha Hussein Musa, Rong Gao, Xiao Shan Li, Wei Xiang Wang, Lei Hong, Ping Min Wei
Obesity and dental caries are increasing epidemics, especially among children and adolescents. This epidemiological observational cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the possible association between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries among 111,792 school children and adolescents in Jiangsu Province. We found that 13.14% participants of the study sample were overweight, and 7.37% were obese. The prevalence of dental caries was 12.95% in overweight and 7.89% in obese students. There were significant differences in caries prevalence by sex, region, age group, and BMI...
October 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119810/changes-in-physical-fitness-of-a-home-based-physical-exercise-program-in-childhood-obesity-a-quasi-experimental-uncontrolled-study
#20
Juan Francisco Lisón, Alejandro Bruñó-Soler, Isabel Torró, Eva Segura-Ortí, Julio Alvarez-Pitti
Few studies have evaluated the changes in physical fitness (PF) of obese children and adolescents of a physical activity program for the treatment of obesity, and even fewer have explored the modality of home-based physical exercise. The objective of this study is to evaluate the changes in PF and body composition (BC) of a home-based physical exercise for treating childhood obesity. Thirty-three overweight/obese children and adolescents participated for six months in a home-based intervention that combined aerobics and muscular strength exercises...
June 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
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