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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791651/relationship-between-adiponectin-and-leptin-on-osteocalcin-in-obese-adolescents-during-weight-loss-therapy
#1
Raquel Munhoz da Silveira Campos, Deborah Cristina Landi Masquio, Flávia Campos Corgosinho, Joana Pereira de Carvalho-Ferreira, Bárbara Dal Molin Netto, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Lian Tock, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello, Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a multifactorial disease characterized by the presence of the pro-inflammatory state associated with the development of many comorbidities, including bone turnover marker alterations. This study aimed to investigate the role of the inflammatory state on bone turnover markers in obese adolescents undergoing interdisciplinary weight loss treatment for one year. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty four post-pubescent obese adolescents with primary obesity, a body mass index (BMI) greater than > 95th percentile of the CDC reference growth charts, participated in the present investigation...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789273/insulin-resistance-is-related-to-psychiatric-disorders-among-obese-children
#2
Deniz Özalp Kızılay, Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Semra Şen, Yekta Özkan, Betül Ersoy
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to investigate psychiatric consequences of obesity (OBy) and the relationship between metabolic syndrome components and psychiatric disorders in children. Our secondaryaim was to elucidate which of the anthropometric parameters or metabolic components were most strongly associated with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The study included 88 obese(OB)and overweight (OW) children with a body mass index (BMI) greater than 85th percentile...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788390/cognitive-performance-as-predictor-and-outcome-of-adolescent-bariatric-surgery-a-nonrandomized-pilot-study
#3
Eleanor R Mackey, Marni Jacobs, Evan P Nadler, Alexandra Olson, Alaina Pearce, J Bradley C Cherry, Sheela N Magge, Michele Mietus-Snyer, Chandan Vaidya
Objectives: Evidence in adults suggests that improvements in cognitive performance may follow weight loss resulting from bariatric surgery, and baseline cognitive performance may be associated with weight loss following surgery. This has not been evaluated in adolescents. Method: Participants were 38 adolescents of age 14-21 years composed of three groups: (1) 12 adolescents with severe obesity who received vertical sleeve gastrectomy during the study (VSG); (2) 14 adolescents with severe obesity who were wait-listed for VSG (WL); and (3) 12 healthy weight controls (HC)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785038/reduced-peak-stimulated-growth-hormone-is-associated-with-hyperuricemia-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#4
Shuang Liang, Dejian Zhang, Jianhong Qi, Xiaobo Song, Jiang Xue
The purpose of the study is to investigate whether reduced peak GH response to arginine-levodopa test is associated with hyperuricemia in obese children and adolescents. The study population consisted of a total sample of 78 obese and 30 normal-weight children and adolescents without known hypopituitarism. All participants underwent clinical examination and GH stimulation testing. IGF-1, lipid profile and other metabolic markers were assessed. The obese subjects were then divided into two groups according to the serum levels of uric acid...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784890/assessment-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-level-and-lifestyle-behavior-interventions-applying-social-cognitive-theory-for-overweight-and-obese-girl-adolescents
#5
Mohammad Bagherniya, Firoozeh Mostafavi Darani, Manoj Sharma, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Ramesh Allipour Birgani, Golnaz Ranjbar, Ali Taghipour, Mohammad Safraian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and physical inactivity and considered as one of the most important contributing factors. We aimed to evaluate a school-based physical activity intervention using social cognitive theory (SCT) to increase physical activity behavior in order to prevent obesity among overweight and obese adolescent girls. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial study. METHODS: A seven-month randomized controlled trial based on SCT was implemented with 172 overweight and obese girl students (87 in intervention and 85 in control group), with the presence of their parents and teachers...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779834/economic-evaluation-of-a-multi-disciplinary-community-based-intervention-programme-for-new-zealand-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#6
Yvonne C Anderson, William Leung, Cameron C Grant, Tami L Cave, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Nicola M Pereira, Paul L Hofman, Trudy A Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Whānau Pakari, a home-based, 12-month multi-disciplinary child obesity intervention programme was cost-effective when compared with the prior conventional hospital-based model of care. METHODS: Whānau Pakari trial participants were recruited January 2012-August 2014, and randomised to either a high-intensity intervention (weekly sessions for 12 months with home-based assessments and advice, n=100) or low-intensity control (home-based assessments and advice only, n=99)...
May 17, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779266/associations-of-mental-health-with-cardiovascular-risk-phenotypes-and-adiposity-in-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-community-based-study
#7
Kate Lycett, Clare McNamara, Fiona K Mensah, David Burgner, Jessica A Kerr, Josh Muller, Melissa Wake
AIM: Cardiovascular disease and mental illness commonly co-occur in later life, but it is unknown how early these associations arise. We aimed to determine the extent to which: (i) childhood mental health is associated with functional and structural cardiovascular risk phenotypes and adiposity in late childhood/adolescence, and (ii) associations between mental health and cardiovascular phenotypes may be explained by differential body mass index. METHODS: This cross-sectional study drew on three longitudinal community-based cohort studies (two enriched for overweight/obesity) in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, with harmonized follow-up in 2014...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777227/in-utero-exposure-to-gestational-diabetes-and-adiposity-does-breastfeeding-make-a-difference
#8
L L Hui, A M Li, E A S Nelson, G M Leung, S L Lee, C M Schooling
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Short-term breastfeeding from mothers with gestational diabetes (GDM) may programme metabolism and increase offspring diabetes risk. We examined the association of in utero GDM exposure with adiposity from infancy to adolescence, and whether any association was modified by breastfeeding during early infancy. METHODS: In the prospective Chinese birth cohort "Children of 1997" (n = 7342, 88% follow-up rate), generalised estimate equations with multiple imputation were used to assess associations of in utero GDM exposure with age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) z-score during infancy (3 and 9 months), childhood (2- < 8 years) and adolescence (8-16 years), adjusted for sex, parity, maternal age, birth place, preeclampisa, smoking, and family socio-economic position...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775549/growth-trajectories-of-young-children-s-objectively-determined-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-body-mass-index
#9
Zan Gao
PURPOSE: This study examined trajectories in children's physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and body mass index (BMI) for both genders, and relationships among these trajectories, from childhood through early adolescence. METHODS: A total of 261 seconds and third-grade children (135 girls; Meanage  = 7.81; 73% White) from two U.S. elementary schools participated in this study. Their objective PA, sedentary behavior, and BMI were measured yearly from 2012 to 2015...
May 18, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773921/race-ethnicity-union-status-and-change-in-body-mass-index-in-young-adulthood
#10
Rhiannon A Kroeger, Reanne Frank
This study used data from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) and fixed-effects regression to consider whether associations between change in union status and change in BMI were moderated by race/ethnicity. The results indicated that intimate unions were differentially associated with gains in BMI along race/ethnic lines, especially for women. Compared to White women, marriage was associated with larger increases in BMI for Black, Hispanic and Multiracial women, and cohabitation was associated with larger increases for Black and Hispanic women...
April 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773212/associations-between-rev-erb%C3%AE-sleep-duration-and-body-mass-index-in-european-adolescents
#11
Marcus Vinicius Nascimento Ferreira, Louisa Goumidi, Heráclito Barbosa Carvalho, Augusto César F De Moraes, Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Anthony Kafatos, Denes Molnar, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Stefaan De Henauw, Angel Gutierrez, Laura Censi, Ascensión Marcos, Kurt Widhalm, Frederic Gottrand, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Aline Meirhaeghe, Luis A Moreno
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Although the REV-ERBα is considered an important regulator of both clock function and metabolism, its relationship with sleep duration and obesity is less clear. The objective of this study was to examine the association between the REV-ERBα clock gene and two outcomes - sleep duration and body mass index (BMI) - in European adolescents. METHODS: A sample of 831 adolescents (392 boys) aged 11.5-18.8 years from 10 European centers was used...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773151/changes-in-body-image-and-onset-of-disordered-eating-behaviors-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-over-a-five-year-longitudinal-follow-up
#12
Alda Troncone, Crescenzo Cascella, Antonietta Chianese, Ilaria Galiero, Angela Zanfardino, Santino Confetto, Laura Perrone, Dario Iafusco
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes over a five-year period in body image accuracy and dissatisfaction, as well as relationships with disordered eating behaviors (DEBs), in young patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Of 81 children (42 male, 39 female) with type 1 diabetes first assessed at ages 5.1-10.06 years, 67 (83%) were re-enrolled and interviewed as adolescents (aged 10.07-15.08 years) at follow-up. DEBs were assessed using a parent-report standardized measure...
June 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772464/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-body-appreciation-scale-2-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-danish-portuguese-and-swedish
#13
J E Lemoine, H Konradsen, A Lunde Jensen, C Roland-Lévy, P Ny, A Khalaf, S Torres
In recent years, the study of body image shifted from focusing on the negative aspects to a more extensive view of body image. The present study seeks to validate a measure of positive body image, the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a) in Denmark, Portugal, and Sweden. Participants (N = 1012) were adolescents and young adults aged from 12 to 19. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the one-dimensional factor structure of the scale. Multi-group confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the scale was invariant across sex and country...
May 14, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771559/body-mass-index-across-adolescence-and-substance-use-problems-in-early-adulthood
#14
Ashley N Gearhardt, Rebecca Waller, Jennifer M Jester, Luke W Hyde, Robert A Zucker
Excessive substance use and obesity are underpinned by a number of shared risk factors (e.g., reward dysfunction, impulsivity). Food and drugs of abuse engage similar reward-related neural circuitry and the food-drug competition hypothesis proposes that excess consumption of food may diminish desire for drugs of abuse by competing for neural receptors associated with reward and motivation. Adolescence is a high-risk period for both increased substance use and excessive weight gain. In the present study, the authors tested whether, consistent with the food-drug competition hypothesis, elevated body mass index (BMI) across adolescence predicted fewer substance use problems in young adulthood...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769106/peer-mentor-versus-teacher-delivery-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-the-effects-of-bmi-and-daily-activity-protocol-of-a-school-based-group-randomized-controlled-trial-in-appalachia
#15
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa, Abigail Shoben
BACKGROUND: Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are particularly sedentary. Obesity prevention through improving physical activity is a top priority in Rural Healthy People 2020. Obesity prevalence among Appalachian teens exceeds the national rates of 13.9% and has consistently been greater than 26%. Organized sports has not been effective at improving daily physical activity or health outcomes for Appalachian teens...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768692/prevalence-of-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-obese-children-or-adolescents-and-association-between-thyroid-hormone-and-the-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Hye Young Jin
AIM: Subclinical hypothyroidism is defined as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels with the normal concentrations of thyroxine (T4) or free thyroxine (fT4), and its clinical significance is unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in children and adolescents and determine the relationship between lipid profiles, insulin resistance and thyroid hormones. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed using data from a subset of the KNHANES VI...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768018/psychostimulants-influence-on-body-mass-index-and-height-in-a-pediatric-population-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Yvette E Lentferink, Ewoudt M W van de Garde, Catherijne A J Knibbe, Marja M J van der Vorst
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often treated with psychostimulants. Psychostimulants' adverse effects on body mass index standard deviation score (BMI-sds) and height in children/adolescents with ADHD have been reported. However, literature is inconsistent, and it is unclear whether the observed effects are dosage- and/or BMI-dependent. Therefore, the aim of this retrospective observational study is to evaluate the influence of psychostimulants on BMI-sds and height-sds in a pediatric cohort with ADHD from an outpatient clinic, and to study the correlation between psychostimulant dosage and BMI-sds and height-sds change...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767752/stunting-at-24-months-is-not-related-to-incidence-of-overweight-through-young-adulthood-in-an-urban-south-african-birth-cohort
#18
Sara K Hanson, Richard J Munthali, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Linda M Richter, Shane A Norris, Aryeh D Stein
Background: The role that childhood stunting plays in the development of overweight and obesity later in life is not well understood, particularly in adolescence and young adulthood, because most studies have only followed up through midchildhood. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the relation between stunting and age-specific patterns of overweight and obesity incidence from early childhood to young adulthood in the context of a country in the process of the nutrition transition while these children were growing up...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766325/anthropometric-outcomes-of-a-motivational-interviewing-school-based-randomized-trial-involving-adolescents-with-overweight
#19
Silvia Freira, Marina Serra Lemos, Helena Fonseca, Geoffrey Williams, Marta Ribeiro, Fernanda Pena, Maria do Céu Machado
Motivational interviewing (MI) is an effective method to promote weight loss that can be delivered by non-mental health providers. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether MI was superior to conventional counseling to improve the anthropometric outcomes of adolescents with obesity/overweight. It was a controlled cluster randomized trial with parallel design in a school setting. The study included two groups: Motivational Interviewing Group (MIG) and control group (Conventional Intervention Group, CIG)...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762538/insufficient-sleep-duration-and-overweight-obesity-among-adolescents-in-a-chinese-population
#20
Qing-Hai Gong, Si-Xuan Li, Hui Li, Jun Cui, Guo-Zhang Xu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and overweight/obesity among Chinese adolescents. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among Chinese adolescents in 2016. In total, 2795 school-aged Chinese children aged 12 to 13 years participated in this study. Participants were asked to complete self-administered surveys during a 45-min class period in their classroom. Details of the questionnaire about health-related behaviors included sleep habits, physical activity, screen time, cigarette use, and alcohol use...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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