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adolescent and BMI

D L Rofey, N E El Nokali, L J Jackson Foster, E Seiler, H L McCauley, E Miller
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of childhood trauma and family history of psychiatric illness on weight loss trajectories of obese, adolescent females with PCOS. DESIGN: Prospective Study SETTING: PCOS and Adolescent Medicine Outpatient Clinics PATIENTS: Participants were, on average, 15.8 years, 80% Caucasian, and had a BMI of 36.8 ± 8.8 kg/m2 . INTERVENTIONS: Healthy Bodies, Healthy Minds is an evidence-based one-on-one intervention consisting of four weekly sessions, four bi-weekly sessions, and three monthly booster sessions...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Silvia Bel-Serrat, Mirjam M Heinen, John Mehegan, Sarah O'Brien, Nazih Eldin, Celine M Murrin, Cecily C Kelleher
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence on the role of sociodemographic variables as risk factors for overweight and obesity in school-aged children is inconsistent. Furthermore, findings seem to be influenced by the obesity definition applied. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate if school sociodemographic indicators were associated with weight status in Irish primary schoolchildren and whether this association was sensitive to different obesity classification systems. METHODS: A nationally representative cross-sectional sample of 7542 Irish children (53...
March 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
Stacy Buckingham-Howes, Bridget Armstrong, Megan C Pejsa-Reitz, Yan Wang, Dawn O Witherspoon, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the mediating role of body dissatisfaction between Body Mass Index (BMI) and subsequent disordered eating (e.g. dieting and restricting/purging) among early adolescent African American girls. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included 701 African American girls in 6th and 7th grades in urban schools serving low-income communities, mean age 12.15 (SD = 0.72) years. Participants were assessed at baseline and approximately 6 months later...
February 28, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Hanifi Ucpunar, Ismet Yalkin Camurcu, Serda Duman, Esra Ucpunar, Hakan Sofu, Avni Ilhan Bayhan
Background and purpose - Patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) are phenotypically overweight or obese and may therefore require clinical follow-up of obesity-related disorders. We evaluated obesity-related disorders such as dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and vitamin-D deficiency during the postoperative period in patients with SCFE. Patients and methods - 51 patients who were operated and followed-up for SCFE and 62 healthy adolescents without SCFE (control group) were included in this retrospective study...
March 9, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
Karolina Zarychta, Carina K Y Chan, Magdalena Kruk, Aleksandra Luszczynska
PURPOSE: Theoretical models, such as the transdiagnostic model of eating disorders highlight the role of cognitive factors (e.g., the way people perceive their bodies) and their associations with maladaptive weight management behaviors resulting in underweight. This paper aims at testing the indirect association of adolescent's body satisfaction and body mass index (BMI) through restrictive dieting, healthy eating or unhealthy eating as well as moderating role of adolescent's weight status...
March 8, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Clare R Wall, Alistair W Stewart, Robert J Hancox, Rinki Murphy, Irene Braithwaite, Richard Beasley, Edwin A Mitchell
Diets which emphasize intakes of plant-based foods are recommended to reduce disease risk and for promoting healthy weight. The aim of this study was to examine the association between fruit, vegetables, pulses and nut intake and body mass index (BMI) across countries in adolescents (13-14 years) and children (6-7 years). Data from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood; 77,243 children's parents and 201,871 adolescents was used to examine the association between dietary intake (Food Frequency Questionnaire) and BMI using general linear models, adjusting for country gross national index...
March 7, 2018: Nutrients
Magali Leyvraz, Raphaël Wahlen, Clemens Bloetzer, Gilles Paradis, Pascal Bovet, Arnaud Chiolero
OBJECTIVE: Blood pressure (BP) screening is advocated in children. However, identification of children with sustained elevated BP is difficult because of high BP variability. We assessed the tracking of BP and the persistence of elevated BP across childhood and adolescence. METHODS: Three cohorts of children from schools in the Seychelles were examined on two occasions at 3-4-year intervals. Obesity was defined as BMI at least 95th sex-specific, and age-specific percentile...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
Jinbo He, Zhihui Cai, Xitao Fan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current meta-analysis was to evaluate the accuracy of using BMI based on self-reported height and weight (BMIsr) to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. DESIGN: A systematic literature search was conducted to select studies that compared the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity based on BMIsr and BMIm (BMI based on measured height and weight). A random-effect model was assumed to estimate summary prevalence rates and prevalence ratio (PR)...
March 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Maheswari Ekambaram, Matilde Irigoyen, Johelin DeFreitas, Sharina Rajbhandari, Jessica Lynn Geaney, Leonard Edward Braitman
BACKGROUND: In adolescents, there is limited evidence on the independent and additive effect of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain on infant birth weight. Data also show that this effect may vary by race. We sought to examine the impact of maternal prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain on birth weight and risk of large for gestational age (LGA) in term newborns of minority adolescent mothers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 411 singleton live term infants born to mothers ≤ 18 years...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Christina Wraw, Ian J Deary, Geoff Der, Catharine R Gale
OBJECTIVE: The present study tested the association between both mothers' and offspring's intelligence and offspring's body mass index (BMI) in youth. METHOD: Participants were members of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY-79) Children and Young Adults cohort (n = 11,512) and their biological mothers who were members of the NLSY-79 (n = 4932). Offspring's IQ was measured with the Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT). Mothers' IQ was measured with the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT)...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Ana Carolina Corrêa Café, Carlos Alexandre de Oliveira Lopes, Rommel Larcher Rachid Novais, Wendell Costa Bila, Daniely Karoline da Silva, Márcia Christina Caetano Romano, Joel Alves Lamounier
OBJECTIVE: To systematize literature references addressing the association of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) and milk intake with body mass index (BMI) in adolescents. DATA SOURCE: A search was carried out in PubMed (US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health) and BVS (Virtual Library in Health). The descriptors used were: adolescents, young adult, beverages, drinking, obesity, overweight, BMI, and nutritional status. The following filters were applied: age ranging from 10 to 19 years, studies published in Portuguese or English language between 2011-2015...
January 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Michelle Marie Harbin, Hanan Zavala, Justin R Ryder, Julia Steinberger, Alan R Sinaiko, David R Jacobs, Donald R Dengel
To examine the association of age, sex, and obesity status on endothelial-independent dilation (EID) among children and adolescents.
 Study Design: This study examined 264 children (143 males) between 8 to 18 years old (mean±SD: age=14.3±2.7 years). Endothelial-independent dilation was assessed via ultrasound imaging of the brachial artery following administration of 0.3 milligrams of sublingual nitroglycerin. A one-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni post-hoc comparisons assessed sex-differences in percent peak EID dilation (EID%-peak) and EID area under the curve (EID%-AUC), while analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) adjusted for race, age, body mass index percentile (BMI-percentile), and brachial artery diameter...
March 7, 2018: Physiological Measurement
Ibrahim Duran, Josefa Schulze, KyriakoS Martakis, Christina Stark, Eckhard Schoenau
AIM: To assess the diagnostic performance of body mass index (BMI) cut-off values according to recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Obesity Federation (WOF), and the German Society for Adiposity (DAG) to identify excess body fat in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: The present study was a monocentric retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data among children and adolescents with CP participating in a rehabilitation programme...
March 7, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Luca De Carli, Elena Spada, Silvano Milani, Gian Pasquale Ganzit, Lucia Ghizzoni, Melissa Raia, Alessandra Coscia, Enrico Bertino, Simona Bo
BACKGROUND: Since populations are becoming increasingly multi-ethnic, the use of local or international charts is a matter of debate. This study aimed to evaluate how the choice of cut-off thresholds affected prevalence of underweight (UW), overweight (OW), obesity (OB) in 1200 11-12-year Italian adolescents, and how their somatic growth depended on parental origin. METHODS: The height, weight and body mass index were expressed as standard deviation score (SDS) using Italian (ISPED-2006) and UK (UK-1990) charts...
March 5, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
José Darío Martínez-Ezquerro, Mario Enrique Rendón-Macías, Gerardo Zamora-Mendoza, Jacobo Serrano-Meneses, Beatriz Rosales-Rodríguez, Deyanira Escalante-Bautista, Maricela Rodríguez-Cruz, Raúl Sánchez-González, Yessica Arellano-Pineda, Mardia López-Alarcón, María Cecilia Zampedri, Haydeé Rosas-Vargas
BACKGROUND: The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) rs6265 (G196A; Val66Met) single nucleotide polymorphism has been associated with BMI and obesity in distinct populations, both adult and pediatric, with contradictory results involving either Val or Met as the risk variant. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the association between the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and BMI in Mexican children and adolescents. METHODS: BDNF Val66Met genotyping by restriction fragment length polymorphism and nutritional status characterized by their BMI-for-age z-scores (BAZ) from pediatric volunteers (n = 498) were analyzed by Fisher's exact test association analysis...
March 2, 2018: Archives of Medical Research
Citlalli Alvarez Zaragoza, Edgar Manuel Vasquez Garibay, Andrea A García Contreras, Alfredo Larrosa Haro, Enrique Romero Velarde, Alejandro Rea Rosas, José Luis Cabrales de Anda, Israel Vega Olea
This study demonstrated the relationship of low bone mineral density (BMD) with the degree of motor impairment, method of feeding, anthropometric indicators, and malnutrition in children with quadriplegic cerebral palsy (CP). The control of these factors could optimize adequate bone mineralization, avoid the risk of osteoporosis, and would improve the quality of life. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship between low BMD and nutritional status in children with quadriplegic CP...
March 4, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Anil K Giri, Vaisak Parekatt, Om Prakash Dwivedi, Priyanka Banerjee, Khushdeep Bandesh, Gauri Prasad, Nikhil Tandon, Dwaipayan Bharadwaj
Obesity involves alterations in transcriptional programs that can change in response to genetic and environmental signals through chromatin modifications. Since chromatin modifications involve different biochemical, neurological and molecular signaling pathways related to energy homeostasis, we hypothesize that genetic variations in chromatin modifier genes can predispose to obesity. Here, we assessed the associations between 179 variants in 35 chromatin modifier genes and overweight/obesity in 1283 adolescents (830 normal weight and 453 overweight/obese)...
March 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Gilad Twig, Asaf Vivante, Tarif Bader, Estela Derazne, Avishai M Tsur, Moran Levi, Nehama Goldberger, Adi Leiba, Jeremy D Kark
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) in adolescence with mortality attributed to kidney disease. METHODS: In this study, 2,294,139 Jewish Israeli adolescents with measured weight and height at 17 years old during the military fitness assessment were analyzed with a follow-up extending up to 45 years. All kidney-related outcomes, coded by the Central Bureau of Statistics from death notifications as the underlying cause of death, were obtained by linkage...
March 2, 2018: Obesity
Sridhar Vajapeyam, Kirsten Ecklund, Robert V Mulkern, Henry A Feldman, Jennifer M O'Donnell, Amy D DiVasta, Clifford J Rosen, Catherine M Gordon
PURPOSE: Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)+estrogen/progestin therapy for adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa (AN) has the potential to arrest bone loss. The primary aim of this study was to test the effects of DHEA+estrogen/progestin therapy in adolescent girls with AN on bone marrow in the distal femur using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy. METHODS: Seventy adolescent girls with AN were enrolled in a double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial at two urban hospital-based programs...
February 26, 2018: Bone
Nurah M Hammoud, Gerard H A Visser, Lenie van Rossem, Douwe H Biesma, Jan M Wit, Harold W de Valk
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is reported to be associated with childhood obesity, however the magnitude of this association and relation to intrauterine growth is uncertain. We, therefore, aimed to assess whether the growth trajectories of large for gestational age (LGA) and non-LGA offspring of mothers with GDM (OGDM) are different until early adolescence. We also aimed to explore whether growth trajectories of OGDM differ from those of offspring of mothers with type 1 or 2 diabetes (ODM1, ODM2)...
February 28, 2018: Diabetologia
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