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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150234/-medical-studies-in-france-how-to-cope-with-such-a-disaster
#1
EDITORIAL
Patrice Diot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150050/cytogenetic-changes-in-the-bhopal-population-exposed-to-methyl-isocyanate-mic-in-1984-then-and-30-years-later
#2
Bani Bandana Ganguly, Shouvik Mandal
Following the 1984 Bhopal methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas disaster, genetic alterations were sporadically reported on small cohorts. However, the outcome of the multi-center cytogenetic screening conducted at that time remains unknown and no follow-up studies on the long-term effects of MIC exposure have been published. The present work examines genetic changes in the exposed population,with the aim of identifying any long-term effects of MIC. G-Banded metaphases were studied in lymphocytes of 130 individuals. Chromosomal aberrations (CA) were broadly grouped as abnormal cells (Abc), aberrations (Abn), and aberration/abnormal cell (Abn/Abc)...
December 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149652/estimation-of-stature-from-hand-and-handprint-measurements-in-iban-population-in-sarawak-malaysia-and-its-applications-in-forensic-investigation
#3
Nuranis-Raihan Zulkifly, Roswanira Abd Wahab, Elizabeth Layang, Dzulkiflee Ismail, Wan Nur Syuhaila Mat Desa, Salina Hisham, Naji A Mahat
Handprints and dismembered hands are commonly found during crime scene investigations and disaster victim identifications, respectively. It has been indicated that the accuracy of handprint and hand measurements for estimating stature maybe population specific. Since Iban is the largest ethnic population in Sarawak, Malaysia and because the application of anthropometry of hand and handprint within this population as well as other populations within the Southeast Asian countries remain unreported, this present study that investigated the reliability and accuracy of these two anthropometric aspects acquires forensic significance...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149395/shaken-baby-syndrome-what-certainty-do-we-have
#4
Matthieu Vinchon
BACKGROUND: Shaken baby syndrome is a common and devastating disease in infants. In spite of its frequency, many controversies persist, regarding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. AIM OF THE STUDY: We reviewed several salient and challenging issues related to SBS, like its pathogenesis, predisposing factors, differential diagnosis, and prevention programs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We derive arguments from the literature and from our prospective registry of accidental and non-accidental traumas in infants...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149316/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-in-the-formal-and-informal-health-system-responses-to-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes
#5
Olivia Crane, Julie Balen, Bhimsen Devkota, Sudha Ghimire, Simon Rushton
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized for their potential contributions to health service delivery in Low-and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). As well as playing a role in improving the provision of health services under everyday 'normal' circumstances, ICTs can also be important in preparing for, mitigating, responding to and recovering from disasters. This research explores the use of ICTs in a natural disaster situation in Nepal, a country affected by a series of strong earthquakes in 2015...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149064/who-participates-in-the-great-shakeout-why-audience-segmentation-is-the-future-of-disaster-preparedness-campaigns
#6
Rachel M Adams, Beth Karlin, David P Eisenman, Johanna Blakley, Deborah Glik
Background: In 2008, the Southern California Earthquake Center in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program launched the first annual Great ShakeOut, the largest earthquake preparedness drill in the history of the United States. Materials and Methods: We collected online survey data from 2052 campaign registrants to assess how people participated, whether audience segments shared behavioral patterns, and whether these segments were associated with five social cognitive factors targeted by the ShakeOut campaign...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148090/assessment-of-cumulative-health-risk-in-the-world-trade-center-general-responder-cohort
#7
Ghalib A Bello, Susan L Teitelbaum, Roberto G Lucchini, Christopher R Dasaro, Moshe Shapiro, Julia R Kaplan, Michael A Crane, Denise J Harrison, Benjamin J Luft, Jacqueline M Moline, Iris G Udasin, Andrew C Todd
BACKGROUND: Multiple comorbidities have been reported among rescue/recovery workers responding to the 9/11/2001 WTC disaster. In this study, we developed an index that quantifies the cumulative physiological burden of comorbidities and predicts life expectancy in this cohort. METHODS: A machine learning approach (gradient boosting) was used to model the relationship between mortality and several clinical parameters (laboratory test results, blood pressure, pulmonary function measures)...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145313/the-importance-of-family-caregiving-to-achieving-palliative-care-at-home-a-case-report-of-end-of-life-breast-cancer-in-an-area-struck-by-the-2011-fukushima-nuclear-crisis-a-case-report
#8
Akihiko Ozaki, Masaharu Tsubokura, Claire Leppold, Toyoaki Sawano, Manabu Tsukada, Tsuyoshi Nemoto, Kazuhiro Kosugi, Yoshitaka Nishikawa, Shigeaki Kato, Hiromichi Ohira
RATIONALE: The primary setting of palliative care has shifted from inpatient care to patients' residences. Family caregiving is essential for patients with life-limiting illnesses to receive palliative care at home, however little information is available regarding potential interventions to achieve palliative homecare for those without sufficient support from family members in various settings, including disasters. PATIENT CONCERNS: In March 2011, Fukushima, Japan experienced an earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144432/climate-change-and-schools-environmental-hazards-and-resiliency
#9
Perry E Sheffield, Simone A M Uijttewaal, James Stewart, Maida P Galvez
The changing climate is creating additional challenges in maintaining a healthy school environment in the United States (U.S.) where over 50 million people, mostly children, spend approximately a third of their waking hours. Chronic low prioritization of funds and resources to support environmental health in schools and lack of clear regulatory oversight in the U.S. undergird the new risks from climate change. We illustrate the extent of risk and the variation in vulnerability by geographic region, in the context of sparse systematically collected and comparable data particularly about school infrastructure...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144284/integrated-assessment-and-scenarios-simulation-of-urban-water-security-system-in-the-southwest-of-china-with-system-dynamics-analysis
#10
Su Yin, Guan Dongjie, Su Weici, Gao Weijun
The demand for global freshwater is growing, while global freshwater available for human use is limited within a certain time and space. Its security has significant impacts on both the socio-economic system and ecological system. Recently, studies have focused on the urban water security system (UWSS) in terms of either water quantity or water quality. In this study, water resources, water environment, and water disaster issues in the UWSS were combined to establish an evaluation index system with system dynamics (SD) and geographic information systems (GIS)...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141628/gene-expression-analyses-of-the-small-intestine-of-pigs-in-the-ex-evacuation-zone-of-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant
#11
Motoko Morimoto, Ayaka Kato, Jin Kobayashi, Kei Okuda, Yoshikazu Kuwahara, Yasushi Kino, Yasuyuki Abe, Tsutomu Sekine, Tomokazu Fukuda, Emiko Isogai, Manabu Fukumoto
BACKGROUND: After the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, radioactive contaminants were released over a widespread area. Monitoring the biological effects of radiation exposure in animals in the ex-evacuation zone should be continued to understand the health effects of radiation exposure in humans. The present study aimed to clarify the effects of radiation by investigating whether there is any alteration in the morphology and gene expressions of immune molecules in the intestine of pigs and inobuta (wild boar and domestic pig hybrid) in the ex-evacuation zone in 2012...
November 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136338/the-perspectives-of-medical-specialists-from-different-disciplines-on-the-management-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-an-interview-study
#12
David J Tunnicliffe, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Jonathan C Craig, Shilpanjali Jesudason, Peter Tugwell, Ming-Wei Lin, Sean G O'Neill, Daniel Sumpton, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease that can affect multiple organ systems, with specialists from many disciplines often involved, which may lead to inconsistent care. We aimed to describe the attitudes and perspectives of specialists from different medical disciplines on the management of people with SLE. METHODS: Face-to-face, semi-structured interviews were conducted with rheumatologists (n=16), nephrologists (n=16), and immunologists (n=11) providing care to adults with SLE from 19 centers across Australia in 2015...
November 14, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136270/60-seconds-to-survival-a-pilot-study-of-a-disaster-triage-video-game-for-prehospital-providers
#13
Mark X Cicero, Travis Whitfill, Kevin Munjal, Manu Madhok, Maria Carmen G Diaz, Daniel J Scherzer, Barbara M Walsh, Angela Bowen, Michael Redlener, Scott A Goldberg, Nadine Symons, James Burkett, Joseph C Santos, David Kessler, Ryan N Barnicle, Geno Paesano, Marc A Auerbach
INTRODUCTION: Disaster triage training for emergency medical service (EMS) providers is not standardized. Simulation training is costly and time-consuming. In contrast, educational video games enable low-cost and more time-efficient standardized training. We hypothesized that players of the video game "60 Seconds to Survival" (60S) would have greater improvements in disaster triage accuracy compared to control subjects who did not play 60S. METHODS: Participants recorded their demographics and highest EMS training level and were randomized to play 60S (intervention) or serve as controls...
April 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136269/earthquake-loss-estimates-help-and-challenge-medical-disaster-responders
#14
Max Wyss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134867/the-best-of-leaders-at-the-worst-of-times-medical-scientist-and-war-premier
#15
Nicholas Coni
Professor Juan Negrín López was Prime Minister of the democratically elected left-wing government of Spain for the latter two-and-a-half years of the three-year Civil War which ravaged the country between 1936 and 1939. The side loyal to the government lost, partly because of the generous aid received by their opponents from Germany and Italy, partly because of the Anglo-French agreement, observed by most countries but ignored by Germany and Italy, to outlaw arms supplies to either side, partly because of internal dissent, and partly because of the greater military capability of the enemy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133932/post-earthquake-zika-virus-surge-disaster-and-public-health-threat-amid-climatic-conduciveness
#16
Miguel Reina Ortiz, Nicole K Le, Vinita Sharma, Ismael Hoare, Edy Quizhpe, Enrique Teran, Eknath Naik, Hamisu M Salihu, Ricardo Izurieta
A recent major earthquake (M7.8), coupled with appropriate climatic conditions, led to significant destruction in Ecuador. Temperature variations, which may be induced by anthropogenic climate change, are often associated with changes in rainfall, humidity and pressure. Temperature and humidity are associated with ecological modifications that may favour mosquito breeding. We hypothesized that the disruptive ecological changes triggered by the earthquake, in the context of appropriate climatic conditions, led to an upsurge in Zika virus (ZIKV) infections...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133217/association-between-sleep-disturbance-and-new-onset-subjective-knee-pain-in-great-east-japan-earthquake-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-the-miyagi-prefecture
#17
Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Yumi Sugawara, Yutaka Yabe, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Yasuhito Sogi, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Ichiro Tsuji, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and Tsunami devastated the northeastern coast of Japan on March 11, 2011. This study aimed to determine whether sociopsychological factors, such as sleep disturbance and psychological distress, influenced new-onset subjective knee pain in survivors during the post-disaster phase of the GEJE. METHODS: From November 2012 to February 2013 (2 years after the GEJE) and from November 2013 to February 2014 (3 years after the GEJE), survivors (≥18 years) completed self-reported questionnaires...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132277/legal-responses-to-hiv-and-aids-lessons-from-swaziland
#18
Musa N Shongwe
Since 1999, the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Swaziland has been declared a national disaster, and today HIV and AIDS still pose a great threat to the survival and development of Swaziland and its people. The impact of the pandemic necessitated a multi-faceted response from the government. This paper critically evaluates the Swaziland legal response to HIV and AIDS. The objective is to assess whether and to what extent Swazi law addresses human rights issues related to HIV and AIDS. Through the application of a human rights based theory, the paper analyses the domestication of Swaziland's treaty commitments, and the constitutional and the statutory frameworks...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131374/social-capital-s-role-in-recovery-evidence-from-communities-affected-by-the-2010-pakistan-floods
#19
Muhammad Siddique Akbar, Daniel P Aldrich
Pakistan suffered large-scale flooding in summer 2010 that caused damage amounting to approximately USD 43 billion, claimed the lives of at least 1,700 people, and negatively affected some 20 million others. Observers have debated the degree to which social capital plays a role in recovery after a catastrophe of this magnitude. Using new survey data on 450 residents impacted by the disaster, this study found that, controlling for various confounding factors, the social capital levels of victims serve as robust correlates of life recovery...
November 13, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130037/posttraumatic-psychiatric-disorders-and-resilience-in-healthcare-providers-following-a-disastrous-earthquake-an-interventional-study-in-taiwan
#20
Ya-Ting Ke, Hsiu-Chin Chen, Chien-Ho Lin, Wen-Fu Kuo, An-Chi Peng, Chien-Chin Hsu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Hung-Jung Lin
Background: Posttraumatic psychiatric disorders (PTPDs) are common in disaster workers; however, their incidence and resilience in healthcare providers (HCPs) following a disastrous earthquake are still unclear. Therefore, we conducted an interventional study to clarify this issue. Methods: After a medical response to the scene of a collapsed huge building, we conducted an assessment of the HCPs using an immediate self-administered questionnaire and a follow-up questionnaire 1 month later...
2017: BioMed Research International
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