keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disasters

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432910/total-mercury-levels-in-hair-of-children-aged-7years-before-and-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#1
Nozomi Tatsuta, Kunihiko Nakai, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Tomoe Suzuki, Hiroshi Satoh, Katsuyuki Murata
The Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011 caused severe damage to the Sanriku coastal area, where we have been conducting a birth cohort study. The disaster occurred in the middle of 7-year-old examination. The mother-child pairs who participated in our study were compulsorily divided into two groups: the examination was finished for 157 children before the disaster, and for 335 after the disaster. We examined whether the disaster affected total mercury (THg) levels of the cohort, as well as a relationship between the THg levels at birth and at present...
April 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432393/more-functions-of-torpor-and-their-roles-in-a-changing-world
#2
Julia Nowack, Clare Stawski, Fritz Geiser
Increased winter survival by reducing energy expenditure in adult animals is often viewed as the primary function of torpor. However, torpor has many other functions that ultimately increase the survival of heterothermic mammals and birds. In this review, we summarize new findings revealing that animals use torpor to cope with the conditions during and after natural disasters, including fires, storms, and heat waves. Furthermore, we suggest that torpor, which also prolongs longevity and was likely crucial for survival of mammals during the time of the dinosaur extinctions, will be advantageous in a changing world...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431426/anesthesiologists-and-disaster-medicine-a-needs-assessment-for-education-and-training-and-reported-willingness-to-respond
#3
Heather K Hayanga, Daniel J Barnett, Natasha R Shallow, Michael Roberts, Carol B Thompson, Itay Bentov, Gozde Demiralp, Bradford D Winters, Deborah A Schwengel
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR)...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430098/building-physician-networks-as-part-of-the-zika-response
#4
Nia Heard-Garris, Sanjeev Arora, Nicole Lurie
The global community needs to easily identify and respond to new and reemerging threats, such as H1N1, Ebola, and most recently Zika. Clinicians are often the first-line providers to recognize these threats, but yet have few opportunities to learn from each other in real time. In this concept article, we describe the ways clinical information is traditionally shared during a public health emergency and then introduce new mechanisms to facilitate physician communication and learning as a part of the response to Zika...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430097/zika-virus-update-more-on-an-emerging-arboviral-disease-in-the-western-hemisphere
#5
Kelly G Vest
Zika virus has captivated the world with its quick spread throughout the Western Hemisphere. Increased emphasis has been placed on the infection of pregnant women and subsequent adverse and severe effects in the developing fetus and newborn. This article supplements a previous article and provides updated information on new and evolving evidence that strengthens the association between Zika virus and unique congenital and neurologic diseases, updates what is known about the epidemiology of the disease, and provides new and updated material for primary care providers as they counsel patients who may be exposed or infected...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430096/psychological-distress-and-the-risk-of-withdrawing-from-hypertension-treatment-after-an-earthquake-disaster
#6
Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Naho Tsuchiya, Akira Narita, Ichiro Tsuji, Atsushi Hozawa, Hiroaki Tomita
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between psychological distress and the risk of withdrawing from hypertension treatment (HTTx) 1 year after the earthquake disaster in the coastal area affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from 2012, we studied people over 20 years of age living in Shichigahama Town, Miyagi, on the northeastern coast of Japan, which had been severely inundated by the tsunami that followed the GEJE in 2011...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430095/window-of-opportunity-for-new-disease-surveillance-developing-keyword-lists-for-monitoring-mental-health-and-injury-through-syndromic-surveillance
#7
Ursula Lauper, Jian-Hua Chen, Shao Lin
Studies have documented the impact that hurricanes have on mental health and injury rates before, during, and after the event. Since timely tracking of these disease patterns is crucial to disaster planning, response, and recovery, syndromic surveillance keyword filters were developed by the New York State Department of Health to study the short- and long-term impacts of Hurricane Sandy. Emergency department syndromic surveillance is recognized as a valuable tool for informing public health activities during and immediately following a disaster...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430094/predictors-for-the-number-of-warning-information-sources-during-tornadoes
#8
Zhen Cong, Jianjun Luo, Daan Liang, Ali Nejat
People may receive tornado warnings from multiple information sources, but little is known about factors that affect the number of warning information sources (WISs). This study examined predictors for the number of WISs with a telephone survey on randomly sampled residents in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri, approximately 1 year after both cities were struck by violent tornadoes (EF4 and EF5) in 2011. The survey included 1006 finished interviews and the working sample included 903 respondents. Poisson regression and Zero-Inflated Poisson regression showed that older age and having an emergency plan predicted more WISs in both cities...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429923/combined-associations-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-intake-with-health-status-among-survivors-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#9
Miho Nozue, Nobuo Nishi, Megumi Tsubota-Utsugi, Miki Miyoshi, Yuki Yonekura, Kiyomi Sakata, Seiichiro Kobayashi, Akira Ogawa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Each of the effects of physical activity and dietary intake on health is well known, but combined associations of physical activity and dietary intake on health has not been reported yet. Physical activity and dietary intake are key factors for maintaining health of survivors of the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. This study aimed to examine combined associations of physical activity and dietary intake with survivors' health status. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We used data from 6668 participants of a cross-sectional survey taken 3 years (2013) after the disaster...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428815/service-user-and-care-giver-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study-on-barriers-and-facilitating-factors
#10
Dristy Gurung, Nawaraj Upadhyaya, Jananee Magar, Nir Prakash Giri, Charlotte Hanlon, Mark J D Jordans
BACKGROUND: Service user and caregiver involvement has become an increasingly common strategy to enhance mental health outcomes, and has been incorporated in the mental healthpolicies of many developed nations. However, this practice is non-existent or fragmented in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Instances of service user and caregiver involvement have been rising slowly in a few LMICs, but are rarely described in the literature. Very little is known about the context of user and caregiver participation in mental health system strengthening processes in a low-income, disaster- and conflict-affected state such as Nepal...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428163/public-response-to-scientific-misconduct-assessing-changes-in-public-sentiment-toward-the-stimulus-triggered-acquisition-of-pluripotency-stap-cell-case-via-twitter
#11
Alberto Gayle, Motomu Shimaoka
BACKGROUND: In this age of social media, any news-good or bad-has the potential to spread in unpredictable ways. Changes in public sentiment have the potential to either drive or limit investment in publicly funded activities, such as scientific research. As a result, understanding the ways in which reported cases of scientific misconduct shape public sentiment is becoming increasingly essential-for researchers and institutions, as well as for policy makers and funders. In this study, we thus set out to assess and define the patterns according to which public sentiment may change in response to reported cases of scientific misconduct...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427481/triage-and-the-lost-art-of-decoding-vital-signs-restoring-physiologically-based-triage-skills-in-complex-humanitarian-emergencies
#12
Frederick M Burkle
Triage management remains a major challenge, especially in resource-poor settings such as war, complex humanitarian emergencies, and public health emergencies in developing countries. In triage it is often the disruption of physiology, not anatomy, that is critical, supporting triage methodology based on clinician-assessed physiological parameters as well as anatomy and mechanism of injury. In recent times, too many clinicians from developed countries have deployed to humanitarian emergencies without the physical exam skills needed to assess patients without the benefit of remotely fed electronic monitoring, laboratory, and imaging studies...
April 21, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427361/lifestyle-related-factors-that-explain-disaster-induced-changes-in-socioeconomic-status-and-poor-subjective-health-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#13
Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Wen Zhang, Hironori Nakano, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle-related factors are determinants of subjective health. However, changes in SES are inevitable in times of natural disaster, while lifestyle-related factors remain modifiable. The aim of this study was to use a cross-sectional approach to examine lifestyle-related factors that may attenuate the negative impact of disaster-induced changes in SES on poor subjective health. METHODS: We analyzed 33,350 men and women aged 20-64 years who were living in evacuation zones due to the radiation accident in Fukushima, Japan...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425006/religiosity-gender-and-natural-disasters-a-qualitative-study-of-disaster-stricken-regions-in-iran
#14
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh, Katayoun Jahangiri, Reza Khani Jazani
While religiosity is emerging as one of the more important subjects in disaster management, identifying gender differences in using religion as a coping method has attracted very little attention. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of religiosity on disaster-affected women and men in the setting of Iran. A field-based investigation using a qualitative approach was carried out to achieve the study's purpose. Data were collected using in-depth unstructured interviews with 25 participants who had been damaged by recent disasters...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421650/keeping-up-with-the-kids-diffusion-of-innovation-in-pediatric-emergency-medicine-among-emergency-physicians
#15
Robert L Cloutier, Rakesh D Mistry, Stephen Cico, Chris Merritt, Samuel H F Lam, Marc Auerbach, L Melissa Skaugset, Jean Klig, Meg Wolff, Myto Duong, Jennifer Walthall
With 30,000,000 emergency department (ED) visits annually, children account for nearly one fourth of all ED visits in the United States. Despite these statistics, EDs across the country remain underprepared to care for pediatric patients [1, 2]. Based on published data, only 45% of EDs report having a pediatric quality improvement plan in place, one third of hospitals do not weigh children in kilograms, less than half have disaster plans in place for pediatric patients and more than 15% are missing critical pediatric emergency equipment [1]...
April 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420244/occupation-based-practices-and-homelessness-a-scoping-review
#16
Laurence Roy, Catherine Vallée, Bonnie H Kirsh, Carrie Anne Marshall, Rebecca Marval, Alissa Low
BACKGROUND: Persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness have occupational needs that are seldom addressed in the Canadian system of care. The lack of documented evidence on occupational therapy practices in this field hinders the development of the profession. PURPOSE: This article identifies current and potential practices that aim to enable or support the occupations of persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted, including evidence from both occupational therapy and non-occupational therapy sources...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418737/public-health-emergency-response-in-taiwan
#17
Yi-Feng Su, Cheng-Hao Wu, Tsui-Feng Lee
In recent years, growth of international travel and trade, as well as climate change, has resulted in the frequent emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases such as Ebola, Zika, and MERS. In 2016, Taiwan used the Joint External Evaluation (JEE) tool to evaluate its public health emergency response capacities and understand important areas for improvement. This article presents Taiwan's disaster and public health emergency response organizational structure, real-time integrated information, response processes, and command center structure...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418689/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-chemical-inhalational-disasters-biology-of-lung-injury-development-of-novel-therapeutics-and-medical-preparedness
#18
Eleanor M Summerhill, Gary W Hoyle, Sven-Eric Jordt, Bronwen J Jugg, James G Martin, Sadis Matalon, Steven E Patterson, David J Prezant, Alfred M Sciuto, Erik R Svendsen, Carl W White, Livia Veress
This report is based upon the proceedings from the Inhalational Lung Injury Workshop jointly sponsored by the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the National Institute of Health (NIH)/National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Countermeasures Against Chemical Threats (CounterACT) program on May 21, 2013 in Philadelphia, PA. The CounterACT program facilitates research leading to the development of new and improved medical countermeasures for chemical threat agents. The workshop was initiated by the Terrorism and Inhalational Disasters (TID) Section of the Environmental, Occupational, and Population Health Assembly (EOPH) of the ATS...
April 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417198/biases-in-the-production-and-reception-of-collective-knowledge-the-case-of-hindsight-bias-in-wikipedia
#19
Aileen Oeberst, Ina von der Beck, Mitja D Back, Ulrike Cress, Steffen Nestler
The Web 2.0 enabled collaboration at an unprecedented level. In one of the flagships of mass collaboration-Wikipedia-a large number of authors socially negotiate the world's largest compendium of knowledge. Several guidelines in Wikipedia restrict contributions to verifiable information from reliable sources to ensure recognized knowledge. Much psychological research demonstrates, however, that individual information processing is biased. This poses the question whether individual biases translate to Wikipedia articles or whether they are prevented by its guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416042/earthquakes-fuel-crisis-power-outages-and-health-care-in-nepal-implications-for-the-future
#20
Bipin Adhikari, Shiva Raj Mishra, Sujan Babu Marahatta, Nils Kaehler, Kumar Paudel, Janak Adhikari, Shristi Raut
Earthquakes are a major natural calamity with pervasive effects on human life and nature. Similar effects are mimicked by man-made disasters such as fuel crises and power outages in developing countries. Natural and man-made disasters can cause intangible human suffering and often leave scars of lifelong psychosocial damage. Lessons from these disasters are frequently not implemented. The main objective of this study was to review the effects of the 2015 earthquakes, fuel crisis, and power outages on the health services of Nepal and formulate recommendations for the future...
April 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
keyword
keyword
14463
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"