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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101983/working-to-define-professionalism-in-pediatric-anesthesiology-a-qualitative-study-of-domains-of-the-expert-pediatric-anesthesiologist-as-valued-by-interdisciplinary-stakeholders
#1
Justin L Lockman, Alan Jay Schwartz, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND: Unprofessional behavior is a significant problem throughout graduate medical education programs and medical centers. Some authors have suggested that professionalism curricula should be focused toward faculty, not trainees, to interrupt the modeling of unprofessionalism. Developing such curricula requires a needs assessment and is challenging given data indicating that the definition of professionalism varies based on medical specialty. Thus, a specialty-specific definition of professionalism is needed as a first step in any curriculum development...
February 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097604/theory-based-explanation-as-intervention
#2
Kara Weisman, Ellen M Markman
Cogent explanations are an indispensable means of providing new information and an essential component of effective education. Beyond this, we argue that there is tremendous untapped potential in using explanations to motivate behavior change. In this article we focus on health interventions. We review four case studies that used carefully tailored explanations to address gaps and misconceptions in people's intuitive theories, providing participants with a conceptual framework for understanding how and why some recommended behavior is an effective way of achieving a health goal...
January 17, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096794/tobacco-use-patterns-knowledge-attitudes-towards-tobacco-and-availability-of-tobacco-control-training-among-school-personnel-from-a-rural-area-in-poland
#3
Dorota Kaleta, Kinga Polańska, Adam Rzeźnicki, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Piotr Wojtysiak
BACKGROUND: Tobacco-free school environment as well as non-smoking teachers and school personnel provide positive role models for children and young people. In Poland, smoking should be banned in colleges, schools, educational establishments and educational care facilities. However, for the existing law to be effective, awareness of all people in school curriculum and enforcement of the law are crucial. The aim of the study was to evaluate tobacco use patterns, knowledge and attitudes towards tobacco as well as availability of tobacco control training among school personnel in a rural area in Poland...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096704/neonatal-resuscitation-advances-in-training-and-practice
#4
REVIEW
Taylor Sawyer, Rachel A Umoren, Megan M Gray
Each year in the US, some four hundred thousand newborns need help breathing when they are born. Due to the frequent need for resuscitation at birth, it is vital to have evidence-based care guidelines and to provide effective neonatal resuscitation training. Every five years, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) reviews the science of neonatal resuscitation. In the US, the American Heart Association (AHA) develops treatment guidelines based on the ILCOR science review, and the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) translates the AHA guidelines into an educational curriculum...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091963/pilot-test-of-survey-to-assess-dental-and-dental-hygiene-student-human-papillomavirus-related-oropharyngeal-cancer-knowledge-perceptions-and-clinical-practices
#5
Holdunn Rutkoski, Brynn Fowler, Ryan Mooney, Lisa Pappas, Barbara L Dixon, Lilliam M Pinzon, James Winkler, Deanna Kepka
This was the first study to develop and pilot test an assessment tool for the examination of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) knowledge, perceptions, and clinical practices of oral health students. An interdisciplinary team developed the tool using surveys that examined this topic in other populations. The tool was then pilot tested at two different dental programs. Results from the pilot informed revisions to the final version of the tool. Of the 46 student participants, 18 were first-year dental hygiene and 28 were first-year dental students...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090105/student-knowledge-skills-and-self-efficacy-gains-after-completing-an-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-in-geriatrics
#6
Krista L Donohoe, Aulbrey G Drisaldi, Fawaz M Alotaibi, Tabatha N Bonas, Edward M Shibley, Patricia W Slattum
Objective. To assess changes in pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy after completing an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) in geriatrics. Design. During the 2013-2014 academic year, 30 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Pharmacy students were required to complete a 5-week Geriatrics APPE at Plaza Professional Pharmacy in Richmond, Virginia. All students completed a 25-point knowledge-based pre- and post-assessment to measure students' self-efficacy. The average time required to accurately fill one unit dose prescription card before and after completing the APPE was also evaluated...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089411/apheresis-medicine-education-in-the-united-states-of-america-state-of-the-discipline
#7
REVIEW
Monica B Pagano, Gay Wehrli, Darlene Cloutier, Eileen Galvin Karr, Ileana Lopez-Plaza, Joseph Schwartz, Chester Andrzejewski, Jeffrey L Winters, Edward C C Wong, Yanyun Wu, Nicole D Zantek
Apheresis Medicine is a medical discipline that involves a variety of procedures (based on the targeted component to be removed or collected), indications (therapeutic vs. donation), and personnel (operators, management, and medical oversight). Apheresis services are accredited and/or regulated by a number of agencies and organizations. Given the complexity and the heterogeneity of apheresis services, it has been particularly challenging to formulate educational goals and define curriculums that easily cover all aspects of Apheresis Medicine...
December 29, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086848/using-intervention-mapping-to-develop-the-parents-as-agents-of-change-pac-%C3%A2-intervention-for-managing-pediatric-obesity
#8
Geoff D C Ball, Aislin R Mushquash, Rachel A Keaschuk, Kathryn A Ambler, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity has become increasingly prevalent over recent decades. In view of the psychosocial and physical health risks, and the high likelihood that children with obesity will grow to become adults with obesity, there is a clear need to develop evidence-based interventions that can be delivered in the health care system to optimize the health and well-being of children with obesity and their families. The aim of this paper is to describe the development, implementation, and planned evaluation of a parent-based weight management intervention designed for parents of 8-12 year olds with obesity...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086770/social-pediatrics-weaving-horizontal-and-vertical-threads-through-pediatric-residency
#9
Meta van den Heuvel, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Rebecca Levy, Adelle Atkinson, Elizabeth Ford-Jones, Michelle Shouldice
BACKGROUND: Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients' social, environmental and political contexts. It's an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize social pediatric education in our pediatric residency training in order to identify strengths and gaps. METHODS: A social pediatrics curriculum map was developed, attending to 3 different dimensions: (1) the intended curriculum as prescribed by the Objectives of Training for Pediatrics of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), (2) the formal curriculum defined by rotation-specific learning objectives, and (3) the informal/hidden curriculum as reflected in resident and teacher experiences and perceptions...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086760/education-of-pediatric-subspecialty-fellows-in-transport-medicine-a-national-survey
#10
Geoffrey E Mickells, Denise M Goodman, Ranna A Rozenfeld
BACKGROUND: The transport of critically ill patients to children's hospitals is essential to current practice. The AAP Section on Transport Medicine has raised concerns about future leadership in the field as trainees receive less exposure to transport medicine. This study identifies the priorities of pediatric subspecialty fellows, fellowship directors and nursing directors in transport medicine education. METHODS: Internet based surveys were distributed to fellows, fellowship directors and nursing directors of transport teams affiliated with ACGME-approved fellowships in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine (NPM), Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (PCCM), and Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079423/nurse-education-and-the-development-of-the-nursing-associate-role
#11
Alan Glasper
Emeritus Professor Alan Glasper, from the University of Southampton, discusses the recently launched curriculum for nursing associates and what this might mean for the delivery of care.
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076342/knowledge-beliefs-and-attitudes-report-on-patient-care-and-safety-in-undergraduate-students-validating-the-modified-apsq-iii-questionnaire
#12
Ezequiel García Elorrio, Dolores Macchiavello, Viviana Rodriguez, Yael Catalano, Giuliana Corna, Josefina Dahinten, Marina Ontivero
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety aims to achieve healthcare free of damage. The World Health Organization indicates that this objective is achieved through communication, analysis, and prevention of adverse events in patients. Organizational culture has been identified as one of the main factors for interventions aimed to reduce medical errors; and an essential component of safety culture is the attitude of health professionals towards medical error. Attitudes can be improved through appropriate education in biomedical careers but its inclusion in Argentina is scarce...
December 20, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069663/cybercycling-effects-on-classroom-behavior-in-children-with-behavioral-health-disorders-an-rct
#13
April Bowling, James Slavet, Daniel P Miller, Sebastien Haneuse, William Beardslee, Kirsten Davison
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise is linked with improved cognition and behavior in children in clinical and experimental settings. This translational study examined if an aerobic cybercycling intervention integrated into physical education (PE) resulted in improvements in behavioral self-regulation and classroom functioning among children with mental health disabilities attending a therapeutic day school. METHODS: Using a 14-week crossover design, students (N = 103) were randomly assigned by classroom (k = 14) to receive the 7-week aerobic cybercycling PE curriculum during fall 2014 or spring 2015...
January 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065519/enhancing-pediatric-trainees-and-students-knowledge-in-providing-care-to-transgender-youth
#14
Stanley R Vance, Madeline B Deutsch, Stephen M Rosenthal, Sara M Buckelew
PURPOSE: To enhance pediatric trainees' and students' knowledge of the psychosocial and medical issues facing transgender youth through a comprehensive curriculum. METHODS: During the 2015-2016 academic year, we administered a transgender youth curriculum to fourth-year medical students, pediatric interns, psychiatry interns, and nurse practitioner students on their 1-month adolescent and young adult medicine rotation. The curriculum included six interactive, online modules and an observational experience in a multidisciplinary pediatric gender clinic...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064168/the-competencies-of-registered-nurses-working-in-care-homes-a-modified-delphi-study
#15
Miriam Ruth Stanyon, Sarah Elizabeth Goldberg, Anita Astle, Amanda Griffiths, Adam Lee Gordon
BACKGROUND: registered Nurses (RNs) working in UK care homes receive most of their training in acute hospitals. At present the role of care home nursing is underdeveloped and it is seen as a low status career. We describe here research to define core competencies for RNs working in UK care homes. METHODS: a two-stage process was adopted. A systematic literature review and focus groups with stakeholders provided an initial list of competencies. The competency list was modified over three rounds of a Delphi process with a multi-disciplinary expert panel of 28 members...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063685/dental-care-practices-and-oral-health-training-for-professional-caregivers-in-long-term-care-facilities-an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-address-oral-health-disparities
#16
Richie Kohli, Sandra Nelson, Samantha Ulrich, Tony Finch, Karen Hall, Eli Schwarz
The objectives of this study were to: 1) Assess and analyze the knowledge and attitudes of caregivers towards dental care for older adults in long-term care facilities; and 2) Train administrators, medical staff, and caregivers in the oral health competencies necessary to provide daily oral health care for residents of Assisted Living Communities in Oregon. Our results indicate that although the majority of caregivers felt comfortable with regard to their oral health background and daily activities, they expressed a need for additional training in several areas...
January 4, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062351/training-the-workforce-description-of-a-longitudinal-interdisciplinary-education-and-mentoring-program-in-palliative-care
#17
Stacie Levine, Sean O'Mahony, Aliza Baron, Aziz Ansari, Catherine Deamant, Joel Frader, Ileana Leyva, Michael Marschke, Michael Preodor
CONTEXT: The rapid increase in demand for palliative care (PC) services has led to concerns regarding workforce shortages and threats to the resiliency of PC teams. OBJECTIVES: To describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a regional interdisciplinary training program in PC. METHODS: Thirty nurse and physician "fellows" representing 22 health systems across the Chicago region participated in a two-year PC training program...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061800/does-a-pbl-based-medical-curriculum-predispose-training-in-specific-career-paths-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
Jordan Tsigarides, Laura R Wingfield, Myutan Kulendran
BACKGROUND: North American medical schools have used problem-based learning (PBL) structured medical education for more than 60 years. However, it has only recently been introduced in other medical schools outside of North America. Since its inception, there has been the debate on whether the PBL learning process predisposes students to select certain career paths. OBJECTIVES: To review available evidence to determine the predisposition of specific career paths when undertaking a PBL-based medical curriculum...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060031/attitudes-of-nursing-students-about-pressure-injury-prevention
#19
Layla J Garrigues, Juliana C Cartwright, Donna Z Bliss
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the attitudes of baccalaureate nursing students toward their role in pressure injury prevention (PIP) and describe how clinical experiences influence their attitudes. Understanding students' attitudes and experiences related to PIP may facilitate development of evidence-based interventions for PIP by nurses. DESIGN: Qualitative exploratory descriptive design. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Participants were 16 senior nursing students enrolled in a prelicensure baccalaureate nursing program in an accredited school of nursing...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056969/voluntary-attendance-of-small-group-brainstorming-tutoring-courses-intensify-new-clerk-s-excellence-in-clinical-care-a-pilot-study
#20
Ling-Yu Yang, Chia-Chang Huang, Hui-Chi Hsu, Ying-Ying Yang, Ching-Chi Chang, Chiao-Lin Chuang, Wei-Shin Lee, Jen-Feng Liang, Hao Min Cheng, Chin-Chou Huang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shung-Tai Ho, Ralph Kirby
BACKGROUND: Clerkship provides a unique way of transferring the knowledge and skills gathered during medical school's curriculum into real-ward clinical care environment. The annual program evaluation has indicated that the training of clerks in diagnostic and clinical reasoning skills needed to be enhanced. Recently, "clinical excellence" program have been promoted in our institution to augment the excellence in clinical care of new clerks. Current study aims to evaluate whether this pilot program improve the "clinical excellence" of new clerks...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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