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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910119/the-significance-of-meaningful-and-enjoyable-activities-for-nursing-home-resident-s-experiences-of-dignity
#1
Åshild Slettebø, Berit Saeteren, Synnøve Caspari, Vibeke Lohne, Arne Wilhelm Rehnsfeldt, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Britt Lillestø, Bente Høy, Maj-Britt Råholm, Lillemor Lindwall, Trygve Aasgaard, Dagfinn Nåden
BACKGROUND: Living in a nursing home may be challenging to the residents' experience of dignity. Residents' perception of how their dignity is respected in everyday care is important. AIM: To examine how nursing home residents experience dignity through the provision of activities that foster meaning and joy in their daily life. METHOD: A qualitative design was used and 28 individual semistructured interviews conducted with nursing home residents from six nursing homes in Denmark, Norway and Sweden...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909639/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-stage-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-alberta-canada-a-population-based-study
#2
Hong-Wei Liu, Marc Kerba, Gerald Lim, Zsolt Gabos, Ivo A Olivotto, Anil Abraham Joy, Wilson Roa, Zoann Nugent, Harold Lau
BACKGROUND: Cancer care in Alberta, Canada is publicly funded and provides patients with access to health care facilities and providers. The distribution of patients and health services across Alberta presents challenges to the delivery of cancer care, especially radiation therapy. In this study, we examined the association between patient and health system factors, the use of radiation therapy and survival outcomes in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The provincial cancer registry was used to identify all patients who presented with clinical stage III NSCLC, diagnosed from 2005 to 2007, in Alberta...
October 27, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907264/the-legacy-of-large-regime-shifts-in-shallow-lakes
#3
Joy M Ramstack Hobbs, William O Hobbs, Mark B Edlund, Kyle D Zimmer, Kevin M Theissen, Natalie Hoidal, Leah M Domine, Mark A Hanson, Brian R Herwig, James B Cotner
Ecological shifts in shallow lakes from clear-water macrophyte-dominated to turbid-water phytoplankton-dominated are generally thought of as rapid short-term transitions. Diatom remains in sediment records from shallow lakes in the Prairie Pothole Region of North America provide new evidence that the long-term ecological stability of these lakes is defined by the legacy of large regime shifts. We examine the modern and historical stability of 11 shallow lakes. Currently, four of the lakes are in a clear-water state, three are consistently turbid-water, and four have been observed to change state from year to year (transitional)...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904305/minnesota-pharmacists-and-medical-cannabis-a-survey-of-knowledge-concerns-and-interest-prior-to-program-launch
#4
Joy Hwang, Tom Arneson, Wendy St Peter
OBJECTIVES: To assess Minnesota pharmacists' preparedness for the state's medical cannabis program in terms of professional competency in policies and regulations and in pharmacotherapy, as well as their concerns and perceptions about the impact on their practice. The secondary objective was to identify pharmacists' perceptions about ways to reduce potential gaps in knowledge. METHODS: A Web-based 14-item questionnaire was distributed to all pharmacists whose email addresses were registered with the Minnesota Board of Pharmacy...
November 2016: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903972/gdf15-contributes-to-radioresistance-and-cancer-stemness-of-head-and-neck-cancer-by-regulating-cellular-reactive-oxygen-species-via-a-smad-associated-signaling-pathway
#5
Yan-Liang Li, Joseph T Chang, Li-Yu Lee, Kang-Hsing Fan, Ya-Ching Lu, Yi-Chen Li, Chang-Hsu Chiang, Guo-Rung You, Hsin-Ying Chen, Ann-Joy Cheng
Radiotherapy is an integral part for the treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC), while radioresistance is a major cause leads to treatment failure. GDF15, a member of the TGF-β superfamily, is hypothesized to participate in various types of homeostasis. However, the potential role of this molecule in regulation of radiosensitivity remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that GDF15 contributed to radioresistance of HNC, as determined by both gain- and lost-of-functional experiments. These results were achieved by the induction of mitochondrial membrane potential and suppression of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900748/-effects-of-different-genres-of-music-on-the-psycho-physiological-responses-of-undergraduates
#6
Hsin-Ping Lee, Yu-Chen Liu, Mei-Feng Lin
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate students face tremendous stressors from learning, interpersonal relationships, and life. Stress may cause adaptation exhaustion and stress-related disorders. While the results of recent clinical studies indicate that music interventions may alleviate stress, there is a dearth of research exploring the discrete effects of various genres of music on psycho-physiological status. PURPOSE: To explore the effects of listening to different genres of music on the psycho-physiological responses of undergraduates...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900160/the-relationship-between-visual-function-and-performance-in-rifle-shooting-for-athletes-with-vision-impairment
#7
Joy Myint, Keziah Latham, David Mann, Phil Gomersall, Arnold J Wilkins, Peter M Allen
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sports provide opportunities for those who have an impairment that might otherwise be a barrier to participation in regular sporting competition. Rifle shooting represents an ideal sport for persons with vision impairment (VI) because the direction of the rifle can be guided by auditory information when vision is impaired. However, it is unknown whether those with some remaining vision when shooting with auditory guidance would be at an advantage when compared with those with no vision at all...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899191/genetic-predisposition-to-endocrine-tumors-diagnosis-surveillance-and-challenges-in-care
#8
REVIEW
Elisabeth Joye Petr, Tobias Else
Endocrine tumor syndromes, eg, multiple endocrine neoplasia types 1 and 2, were among the first recognized hereditary predisposition syndromes to tumor development. Over time, the number of endocrine tumor syndromes has significantly expanded, eg, with the recent inclusion of hereditary paraganglioma syndromes. Associations of non-endocrine tumors with hereditary endocrine tumor syndromes and endocrine tumors with non-classical endocrine tumor syndromes have emerged. These findings have certainly expanded the scope of care, necessitating a multidisciplinary approach by a team of medical professionals and researchers, integrating shared patient decision-making at every step of surveillance, diagnosis, and treatment...
October 2016: Seminars in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899116/the-correlation-between-antimutagenic-activity-and-total-phenolic-content-of-extracts-of-31-plant-species-with-high-antioxidant-activity
#9
Tshepiso Jan Makhafola, Esameldin Elzein Elgorashi, Lyndy Joy McGaw, Luc Verschaeve, Jacobus Nicolaas Eloff
BACKGROUND: Antimutagenic activity of plant extracts is important in the discovery of new, effective cancer preventing agents. There is increasing evidence that cancer and other mutation-related diseases can be prevented by intake of DNA protective agents. The identification of antimutagenic agents present in plants presents an effective strategy to inhibit pathogenic processes resulting from exposure to mutagenic and/or carcinogenic substances present in the environment. There are no reports on the antimutagenic activities of the plant species investigated in this study...
November 29, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898677/collagen-fiber-orientation-and-dispersion-in-the-upper-cervix-of-non-pregnant-and-pregnant-women
#10
Wang Yao, Yu Gan, Kristin M Myers, Joy Y Vink, Ronald J Wapner, Christine P Hendon
The structural integrity of the cervix in pregnancy is necessary for carrying a pregnancy until term, and the organization of human cervical tissue collagen likely plays an important role in the tissue's structural function. Collagen fibers in the cervical extracellular matrix exhibit preferential directionality, and this collagen network ultrastructure is hypothesized to reorient and remodel during cervical softening and dilation at time of parturition. Within the cervix, the upper half is substantially loaded during pregnancy and is where the premature funneling starts to happen...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898614/human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-and-incidence-of-ocular-surface-squamous-neoplasia
#11
Joy N Carroll, Zachary I Willis, Annabelle de St Maurice, Sahar Kohanim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Ophthalmology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898555/ovarian-torsion
#12
Joy Dugan, Way Chiang, Lauren Sobel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897242/cortical-synaptic-and-dendritic-spine-abnormalities-in-a-presymptomatic-tdp-43-model-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#13
Matthew J Fogarty, Paul M Klenowski, John D Lee, Joy R Drieberg-Thompson, Selena E Bartlett, Shyuan T Ngo, Massimo A Hilliard, Mark C Bellingham, Peter G Noakes
Layer V pyramidal neurons (LVPNs) within the motor cortex integrate sensory cues and co-ordinate voluntary control of motor output. In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) LVPNs and spinal motor neurons degenerate. The pathogenesis of neural degeneration is unknown in ALS; 10% of cases have a genetic cause, whereas 90% are sporadic, with most of the latter showing TDP-43 inclusions. Clinical and experimental evidence implicate excitotoxicity as a prime aetiological candidate. Using patch clamp and dye-filling techniques in brain slices, combined with high-resolution confocal microscopy, we report increased excitatory synaptic inputs and dendritic spine densities in early presymptomatic mice carrying a TDP-43(Q331K) mutation...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895614/mimological-reveries-disconfirming-the-hypothesis-of-phono-emotional-iconicity-in-poetry
#14
Maria Kraxenberger, Winfried Menninghaus
The present study retested previously reported empirical evidence suggesting an iconic relation between sound and emotional meaning in poetry. To this end, we analyzed the frequency of certain phoneme classes in 48 German poems and correlated them with ratings for emotional classification. Our analyses provide evidence for a link between the emotional classification of poems (joyful vs. sad) and the perception of tonal contrast as reflected in the attribution of phenomenological sound qualia (bright vs. dark)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893684/ct-findings-of-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-can-recognizable-features-be-found
#15
Dongjun Lee, Ji Young Rho, Seunghun Kang, Koun Joy Yoo, Hye Jeong Choi
The purpose of this study was to clarify the recognizable computed tomography (CT) features of small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).Contrast enhanced CT scans were reviewed retrospectively for mass location, mediastinal extension, and other concomitant findings in 142 patients with pathologically proven SCLC. SCLC was classified into hilar mass only (type I), hilar mass with ipsilateral mediastinal extension (type II), hilar mass with bilateral mediastinal extension (type III), and peripheral mass (type IV). When mediastinal lymphadenopathy (m-LAP) was indistinguishable from a hilar mass, we defined it as a mediastinal conglomerate mass (m-CM)...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891618/co2-studies-remain-key-to-understanding-a-future-world
#16
REVIEW
Katie M Becklin, S Michael Walker, Danielle A Way, Joy K Ward
I. II. III. IV. V. References SUMMARY: Characterizing plant responses to past, present and future changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2 ]) is critical for understanding and predicting the consequences of global change over evolutionary and ecological timescales. Previous CO2 studies have provided great insights into the effects of rising [CO2 ] on leaf-level gas exchange, carbohydrate dynamics and plant growth. However, scaling CO2 effects across biological levels, especially in field settings, has proved challenging...
November 28, 2016: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890103/the-genetic-structure-of-native-americans-in-north-america-based-on-the-globalfiler%C3%A2-strs
#17
Kelly L McCulloh, Jillian Ng, Robert F Oldt, Jessica A Weise, Joy Viray, Bruce Budowle, David Glenn Smith, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy
Current forensic STR databases, such as CODIS, lack population genetic data on Native American populations. Information from a geographically diverse array of tribes is necessary to provide improved statistical estimates of the strength of associations with DNA evidence. The Globalfiler® STR markers were used to characterize the genetic structure of ten tribal populations from seven geographic regions in North America, including those not presently represented in forensic databases. Samples from the Arctic region, Baja California, California/Great Basin, the Southeast, Mexico, the Midwest, and the Southwest were analyzed for allele frequencies, observed and expected heterozygosities, and F-statistics...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888735/leisure-participation-and-subjective-well-being-exploring-gender-differences-among-elderly-in-shanghai-china
#18
Wei Zhang, Qiushi Feng, Joy Lacanienta, Zhihong Zhen
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between leisure participation and subjective well-being and the role gender in this issue among elderly Chinese in Shanghai, China. METHODS: Principal components analysis and logistic regressions are used to analyze the cross-sectional data of the 2013 Shanghai Elderly Life and Opinion Survey that contains 2884 respondents (60+ with a mean age of 72.6) recruited from a multistage cluster sampling design. Subjective well-being is measured by happiness and life satisfaction, and leisure participation is examined by the type and diversity of leisure activities...
November 19, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888309/selective-quantification-of-doss-in-marine-sediment-and-sediment-trap-solids-by-lc-qtof-ms
#19
Matt J Perkins, Samantha B Joye, Jennifer A Field
At the onset of the 2010 Gulf oil spill, analytical methods for the quantification of the surfactants in Corexit did not exist in the peer-reviewed literature. To date, only a single study reports the presence of bis-(2-ethylhexyl) sodium sulfosuccinate (DOSS) in deep-sea Gulf sediment collected in 2010 from a single location. There are no data on the occurrence of DOSS in association with settling solids (i.e., sediment-trap solids). To address this data gap, DOSS was initially quantified by liquid chromatography tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in sediment and sediment-trap solids collected from multiple sites in the Gulf between 2010 and 2013...
November 25, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887669/couple-interdependence-impacts-hiv-related-health-behaviours-among-pregnant-couples-in-southwestern-kenya-a-qualitative-analysis
#20
Anna Joy Rogers, Lillian Achiro, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Abigail M Hatcher, Zachary Kwena, Pamela L Musoke, Janet M Turan, Elly Weke, Lynae A Darbes
INTRODUCTION: HIV infection is frequently transmitted within stable couple partnerships. In order to prevent HIV acquisition in HIV-negative couples, as well as improve coping in couples with an HIV-positive diagnosis, it has been suggested that interventions be aimed at strengthening couple relationships, in addition to addressing individual behaviours. However, little is known about factors that influence relationships to impact joint decision-making related to HIV. METHODS: We conducted qualitative in-depth interviews with 40 pregnant women and 40 male partners in southwestern Kenya, an area of high HIV prevalence...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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