Read by QxMD icon Read


Katsuhisa Hirano, Tadashi Bando, Soshi Osawa, Tetsuro Shimizu, Tomoyuki Okumura, Tsutomu Fujii
INTRODUCTION: Mesenteric hematoma is a rare condition caused by bleeding localized in the mesenteric vascular tree. This is a first report of spontaneous mesenteric hematoma caused by rivaroxaban. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient was a 71-year-old man who had taken rivaroxaban for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. He had experienced abdominal pain and diarrhea for the prior 3 days. He had little melena and was referred to our institute. He presented with hypotension on arrival...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
C Scemama, G Mangone, R Bonaccorsi, H Pascal-Moussellard
BACKGROUND: Patients with Parkinson's disease often present abnormal posture or severe sagittal malalignment, causing significant disability. Surgical fusion is these cases shows high rates of complications, but may nevertheless provide functional benefit; however, this remains to be assessed. HYPOTHESIS: Long fusion for patients with Parkinson's disease and postural disorder could alleviate disability despite the high risk of complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 18 Parkinson patients treated by long fusion for spinal deformity...
February 20, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Ineke R van Herwijnen, Joanne A M van der Borg, Marc Naguib, Bonne Beerda
Parents interact with children following specific styles, known to influence child development. These styles represent variations in the dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness, resulting in authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or uninvolved parenting. Given the similarities in the parent to child and owner to dog relationships, we determined the extent to which parenting styles exist in the owner to dog relationship using the existing Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire for the parent-child relationship and an adapted version for dog owners...
2018: PloS One
Mawutorli Nyarku, Mandana Mazaheri, Rohan Jayaratne, Matthew Dunbabin, Md Mahmudur Rahman, Erik Uhde, Lidia Morawska
Mobile phones have a large spectrum of applications, aiding in risk prevention and improving health and wellbeing of their owners. So far, however, they have not been used for direct assessment of personal exposure to air pollution. In this study, we comprehensively evaluated the first, and the only available, mobile phone-BROAD Life-equipped with air pollution sensors (PM2.5 and VOC), to answer the question whether this technology is a viable option in the quest of reducing the burden of disease to air pollution...
2018: PloS One
Yee Vern Yong, Asrul Akmal Shafie
BACKGROUND: Patients with asthma need long-term management to maintain optimal control. In addition to routine maintenance, urgent visits and hospitalizations may be required, as these patients are prone to acute exacerbations. The aim of this study was to estimate the costs of maintenance and acute exacerbation managements in patients with asthma in a suburban public hospital in Malaysia. METHODS: An activity-based microcosting approach was applied to estimate the unit cost of events from the hospital's perspective...
June 21, 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
Atshushi Ichimura, Koji Kato, Takayuki Taira, Hiroyuki Otsuka, Tomoko Seki, Yoshihide Nakagawa, Sadaki Inokuchi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether treatment at a psychiatric hospital reduces the risk of repeating parasuicide. METHODS: Participants comprised 4,483 parasuicide patients admitted to an emergency department between July 2003 and March 2012. We analyzed the effectiveness of psychiatric hospitalization in preventing repeated parasuicide. We adjusted for background factors using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Effects of psychiatric hospitalization upon the likelihood of repeated parasuicide within one year varied by age (especially those aged <35 years), indicating that hospitalization was a significant risk factor...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Alex R Kelman, Benjamin S Evare, Alinne Z Barrera, Ricardo F Muñoz, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent and costly mental health problem that affects women as well as their larger communities, with substantial impacts on mother and infant during childbearing years. Face-to-face care has not adequately addressed this global concern due to difficulties in scaling these resources. Internet interventions, which can provide psychological tools to those lacking adequate access, show promise in filling this void. METHOD: We conducted a 2-condition proof-of-concept pilot randomized trial comparing brief Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and brief Internet-based compassionate mind training (CMT) for women who are currently pregnant, became pregnant within the last year, and intend to become pregnant in the future...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Fei Wang, Minji Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects for vascular dementia (VD) of kidney essence deficiency among acupuncture at five mind points combined with modified kidney qi decoction, simple acupuncture at five mind points and simple modified kidney qi decoction. METHODS: A total of 180 VD patients were randomly assigned into a combination group, an acupuncture group and a herb group, 60 cases in each one. The conventional western medication and rehabilitation training were for all the patients...
February 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Maria J Grant
It's conference time again! There is an exciting programme in prospect in this year's biennial Health Libraries Group (#HLG2018) conference covering key elements of library and information workers' daily practice. Uppermost in everyone's mind is the importance of ongoing personal and professional development with the Health Libraries Group Continuing Professional Development Panel putting this into practice as they host regional peer support sessions for presenters in the period leading up to the conference...
March 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
Felipe Hernández-Perlines, Wenkai Xu
This study analyzes the effect of conditional mediation of environment-absorptive capacity in international entrepreneurial orientation of family businesses. Results involve data from 218 Spanish family businesses, analyzed with SmartPLS 3.2.7 software. This paper presents a relevant contribution both to the academic field and the performance of family firms, helping to understand the process of transforming international entrepreneurial orientation into a better international performance through absorptive capacity while family businesses invest their efforts in aligning international entrepreneurial orientation and absorptive capacity with international results, bearing in mind the positive moderator effect of environment...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Francesca Pistoia, Marco Sarà, Antonio Carolei, Simona Sacco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Varun Warrier, Simon Baron-Cohen
Difficulties in 'theory of mind' (the ability to attribute mental states to oneself or others, and to make predictions about another's behaviour based on these attributions) have been observed in several psychiatric conditions. We investigate the genetic architecture of theory of mind in 4,577 13-year-olds who completed the Emotional Triangles Task (Triangles Task), a first-order test of theory of mind. We observe a small but significant female-advantage on the Triangles Task (Cohen's d = 0.19, P < 0...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Bingbing Li, Xu Li, Yangu Pan, Jiang Qiu, Dajun Zhang
A self-enhancing humor style (SEHS) plays an important role in the regulation of negative emotion through humorous perspective-taking. Following the mind-reading theories of humor, we investigated the relationship between gray-matter volume (GMV) of brain areas related to theory of mind and SEHS in young college students, using voxel-based morphometry analysis. We then performed a voxel-wise analysis of covariance to assess any moderation effect of cognitive empathy on the relationship. Results demonstrated that higher SEHS scores were associated with larger GMV of the precuneus in the group with high cognitive empathy, but there was no association in the group with low cognitive empathy...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Alistair Appleby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Tuomas Koivumäki, Antonella Fogliata, Michele Zeverino, Eeva Boman, Joanna Sierpowska, Raphaël Moeckli, Véronique Vallet, Luca Cozzi, Janne Heikkilä, Anssi Väänänen, Kristiina Vuolukka, Saara Sillanmäki, Jan Seppälä
PURPOSE: The dosimetric differences between four radiation therapy techniques for left sided whole breast irradiation were evaluated side by side in the same patient population. METHODS: Radiotherapy treatment plans were retrospectively created with Accuray TomoDirect (TD), Elekta Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (E-VMAT), Varian RapidArc (RA) and Field-in-field (FinF) technique for 20 patients, who had received left breast irradiation during deep-inspiration breath-hold...
January 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Stephen Balter
This article is focused on occupational radiogenic brain tumors and some radioprotective techniques used to manage this risk. Published case reports have stimulated concern among operators. The anatomical pattern of tumor locations is not consistent with measured radiation dose distributions at operators' heads. In addition, the lack of statistically positive findings in these reports, and a recently published survey on radiologist's mortality both indicate that the current level of fluoroscopists' radiation safety practices is likely to be adequate...
March 2018: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Jeremy P Jamieson, Alia J Crum, J Parker Goyer, Marisa E Marotta, Modupe Akinola
The dominant perspective in society is that stress has negative consequences, and not surprisingly, the vast majority of interventions for coping with stress focus on reducing the frequency or severity of stressors. However, the effectiveness of stress attenuation is limited because it is often not possible to avoid stressors, and avoiding or minimizing stress can lead individuals to miss opportunities for performance and growth. Thus, during stressful situations, a more efficacious approach is to optimize stress responses (i...
February 22, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Christian Grundahl Frankær, Kishwar J Hussain, Martin Rosenberg, Anders Jensen, Bo W W Laursen, Thomas Just Sørensen
: A new four-component organically modified silicate (ORMOSIL) material was developed with optical pH sensors in mind. Through a sol-gel process, the porosity of an ORMOSIL framework was optimized to allow rapid diffusion of protons, ideal for fast response to pH in an optical sensor. The optically transparent material was produced by catalyzing the dual polymerization of 3-(glycidoxy)propyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and propyltriethoxysilane (PrTES) with boron trifluoride diethyl etherate. The performance of the resulting material in fluorescence based optical pH sensors was evaluated by incorporation of active dye components in the inorganic polymer framework...
February 23, 2018: ACS Sensors
Vinaya Manchaiah, Pierre Ratinaud, Aristotle Tympas, Berth Danermark, Per Germundsson
Background and Objectives: Societal factors seem to exercise a strong influence on hearing aid uptake, use, and satisfaction. In particular, knowledge, perception, and attitude of people will have bearing towards their and others health behavior and decisions. The current study aimed at understanding the perception of hearing aids by adults belonging to the general population in different countries. Subjects and Methods: The study employed a crosssectional design...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Tiffaney Renfro, Erin Johnson, Danielle N Lambert, Gina Wingood, Ralph J DiClemente
As human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to disproportionately affect African American women, practitioners remain committed to developing innovative strategies to reduce HIV prevalence. These strategies include training community organizations, such as churches, and utilizing digital media to make intervention dissemination more sustainable. This article describes one such effort to train lay community members within predominantly Black churches in Atlanta, GA, to implement an HIV prevention intervention...
February 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"