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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231640/mind-the-gap-mechanisms-regulating-the-endothelial-barrier
#1
REVIEW
Mariya Y Radeva, Jens Waschke
The endothelial barrier consists of intercellular contacts localized in the cleft between endothelial cells, which is covered by the glycocalyx in a sieve-like manner. Both types of barrier-forming junctions, i.e. the adherens junction (AJ) serving mechanical anchorage and mechanotransduction and the tight junction (TJ) sealing the intercellular space to limit paracelullar permeability, are tethered to the actin cytoskeleton. Under resting conditions, the endothelium thereby builds a selective layer controlling the exchange of fluid and solutes with the surrounding tissue...
February 23, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231556/compliant-support-surfaces-affect-sensory-reweighting-during-balance-control
#2
I M Schut, D Engelhart, J H Pasma, R G K M Aarts, A C Schouten
To maintain upright posture and prevent falling, balance control involves the complex interaction between nervous, muscular and sensory systems, such as sensory reweighting. When balance is impaired, compliant foam mats are used in training methods to improve balance control. However, the effect of the compliance of these foam mats on sensory reweighting remains unclear. In this study, eleven healthy subjects maintained standing balance with their eyes open while continuous support surface (SS) rotations disturbed the proprioception of the ankles...
February 9, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230691/original-research-how-to-create-a-poster-that-attracts-an-audience
#3
Sandra L Siedlecki
: : Background: Nurses developing a poster presentation for the first time who look for guidance in the literature will find many articles offering recommendations on format and style, but these are based on opinion rather than evidence. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the attributes of a poster that improved the chance that nursing conference attendees would read it. METHODS: A mixed-methods descriptive study employing survey methodology was used to assess the perceptions of nurses attending poster sessions at a two-day nursing conference...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230586/cranial-reconstruction-using-autologous-bone-and-methylmethacrilate
#4
Nenad Novaković, Ana Malivuković, Ljubodrag Minić, Milan Lepić, Stefan Mandić-Rajčević, Lukas Rasulić
BACKGROUND: Having in mind the importance of reconstruction of the calvaria, our goal was to compare the complication rates following the use of autologous bone and methylmethacrilate grafts, and explain the factors influencing them. METHODS: The authors collected information of all the patients undergoing cranial reconstructive surgery (N = 149) at the Military Medical Academy in Belgrade. Procedures were performed either using a craniotomy bone flap, removed and replaced in the same act, or using methylmethacrilate...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230462/a-nonrandomized-comparison-study-of-self-hypnosis-yoga-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-reduce-emotional-distress-in-breast-cancer-patients
#5
Isabelle Bragard, Anne-Marie Etienne, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville, Philippe Coucke, Eric Lifrange, Hélène Schroeder, Aurélie Wagener, Gilles Dupuis, Guy Jerusalem
The authors asked breast cancer (BC) patients to participate in 1 of 3 mind-body interventions (cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), yoga, or self-hypnosis) to explore their feasibility, ease of compliance, and impact on the participants' distress, quality of life (QoL), sleep, and mental adjustment. Ninety-nine patients completed an intervention (CBT: n = 10; yoga: n = 21; and self-hypnosis: n = 68). Results showed high feasibility and high compliance. After the interventions, there was no significant effect in the CBT group but significant positive effects on distress in the yoga and self-hypnosis groups, and, also, on QoL, sleep, and mental adjustment in the self-hypnosis group...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230460/meditation-and-hypnosis-two-sides-of-the-same-coin
#6
Enrico Facco
Hypnosis and meditation, as a whole, form a heterogeneous complex of psychosomatic techniques able to control mind and body regulation. Hypnosis has been pragmatically used for limited therapeutic targets, while Eastern meditation has much wider philosophical and existential implications, aiming for a radical liberation from all illusions, attachments, suffering and pain. The available data on the history, phenomenology, and neuropsychology of hypnosis and meditation show several common features, such as the following: (a) induction based on focused attention; (b) capability to reach an intentional control of both biologic-somatic activities and conscious-unconscious processes;...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230411/the-bilingual-adaptation-how-minds-accommodate-experience
#7
Ellen Bialystok
According to some estimates, more than half of the world's population is multilingual to some extent. Because of the centrality of language use to human experience and the deep connections between linguistic and nonlinguistic processing, it would not be surprising to find that there are interactions between bilingualism and cognitive and brain processes. The present review uses the framework of experience-dependent plasticity to evaluate the evidence for systematic modifications of brain and cognitive systems that can be attributed to bilingualism...
March 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230391/improvements-in-emotion-regulation-following-mindfulness-meditation-effects-on-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-in-younger-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Chloe C Boyle, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Catherine M Crespi, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness meditation reduces psychological distress among individuals with cancer. However, mechanisms for intervention effects have not been fully determined. This study tested emotion regulation strategies as mediators of intervention effects in a sample of younger women treated for breast cancer, a group at risk for psychological distress. We focused on two distinct strategies targeted by the intervention-rumination and self-kindness-and further examined the broader construct of mindfulness as a potential mediator...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229856/-how-to-analyze-periodontal-morphotypes-in-order-to-reduce-the-risk-of-periodontal-recession
#9
Mathilde Jalladaud, Mike Lahmi, Corinne Lallam
INTRODUCTION: The periodontal morphotype is a leading feature to be born in mind during surgical, implant, prosthetic, restorative as well as orthodontic treatment. A fragile morphotype will rapidly trigger severe and worrying clinical repercussions for the patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to minimize the risks involved, sound knowledge of the different morphotypes and of the techniques for clinically evaluating them is a major requirement. These factors need to be regularly reassessed since morphotypes can vary throughout the course of treatment...
March 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229806/-i-can-t-concentrate-a-feasibility-study-with-young-refugees-in-sweden-on-developing-science-driven-interventions-for-intrusive-memories-related-to-trauma
#10
Emily A Holmes, Ata Ghaderi, Ellinor Eriksson, Klara Olofsdotter Lauri, Olivia M Kukacka, Maya Mamish, Ella L James, Renée M Visser
BACKGROUND: The number of refugees is the highest ever worldwide. Many have experienced trauma in home countries or on their escape which has mental health sequelae. Intrusive memories comprise distressing scenes of trauma which spring to mind unbidden. Development of novel scalable psychological interventions is needed urgently. AIMS: We propose that brief cognitive science-driven interventions should be developed which pinpoint a focal symptom alongside a means to monitor it using behavioural techniques...
March 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229508/meditation-training-for-people-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
F Pagnini, A Marconi, A Tagliaferri, G M Manzoni, R Gatto, V Fabiani, G Gragnano, G Rossi, E Volpato, P Banfi, A Palmieri, F Graziano, G Castelnuovo, M Corbo, E Molinari, N Riva, V Sansone, C Lunetta
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Studies investigating psychological interventions for the promotion of well-being in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are lacking. The purpose of the current study was to examine the use of an ALS-specific mindfulness-based intervention for improving quality of life in this population. METHODS: A randomized, open-label and controlled clinical trial was conducted on the efficacy of an ALS-specific meditation programme in promoting quality of life...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229416/human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-as-an-individual-specific-and-renewable-source-of-adult-stem-cells
#12
Glen Lester Sequiera, Sekaran Saravanan, Sanjiv Dhingra
This chapter deals with the employment of human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) as a candidate to differentiate into mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). This would enable to help establish a regular source of human MSCs with the aim of avoiding the problems associated with procuring the MSCs either from different healthy individuals or patients, limited extraction potentials, batch-to-batch variations or from diverse sources such as bone marrow or adipose tissue. The procedures described herein allow for a guided and ensured approach for the regular maintenance of hiPSCs and their subsequent differentiation into MSCs using the prescribed medium...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228962/conforming-with-current-regulation-in-turkey-regarding-the-freezing-of-oocytes-a-case-report-of-the-first-pregnancy-in-turkey-achieved-through-oocyte-vitrification
#13
Semra Kahraman, Kahraman Ulker, Caroline Pirkevi Çetinkaya, Yesim Kumtepe Colakoglu, Hakan K Yelke, Cihangir Yilanlioglu
OBJECTIVES: To present the first pregnancy achieved in Turkey with frozen-warmed oocytes in a case with previous nine unsuccessful assisted reproductive technology (ART) attempts. METHODS: The clinical follow-up of a 33-year-old female applying to our ART centre after a long and complicated history of infertility is described. RESULTS: In April 2013, the woman attempted our centre for her 10th ART trial. She informed us on oocyte pick-up (OPU) day that her husband had been hospitalized following a car crush in Albania and was unable to travel to our clinic to give a sperm sample...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228721/patients-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-exhibit-reduced-autonomic-modulation-during-an-emotion-recognition-task
#14
Gonzalo Varas-Díaz, Enzo P Brunetti, Gonzalo Rivera-Lillo, Pedro E Maldonado
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating event for individuals, who frequently develop motor and sensory impairment as well as autonomic dysfunction. Previous studies reported that autonomic activity plays a major role in social cognition and that difficulties in the ability to interpret social information are commonly observed in a variety of mental disorders, which in turn correlate with a poor autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulation. It is well established that subjects with SCI have an alteration in ANS regulation mechanisms...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228299/maternal-hyperhomocysteinemia-and-congenital-heart-defects-a-prospective-case-control-study-in-indian-population
#15
Reyaz A Malik, Mohd R Lone, Asif Ahmed, Kaisar A Koul, Rahid R Malla
OBJECTIVE: Very few studies have been conducted in this part of world to identify relation between maternal serum homocysteine levels and congenital heart disease in their offsprings. With this perspective in mind, this study was carried out. METHODS: Fifty women were enrolled in this study. Thirty of these had delivered neonates who were diagnosed to have congenital heart diseases. These were treated as cases. Twenty of these women had delivered neonates who did not have any congenital heart diseases and were treated as controls...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228099/impact-of-adding-additional-providers-to-resident-workload-and-the-resident-experience-on-a-medical-consultation-rotation
#16
Michele Fang, Eric Linson, Manish Suneja, Ethan F Kuperman
BACKGROUND: Excellence in Graduate Medical Education requires the right clinical environment with an appropriate workload where residents have enough patients to gain proficiency in medicine with optimal time for reflection. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has focused more on work hours rather than workload; however, high resident workload has been associated with lower resident participation in education and fatigue-related errors. Recognizing the potential risks associated with high resident workload and being mindful of the costs of reducing resident workload, we sought to reduce residents' workload by adding an advanced practice provider (APP) to the surgical comanagement service (SCM) and study its effect on resident satisfaction and perceived educational value of the rotation...
February 22, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227340/mechanomyography-signals-in-spastic-muscle-and-the-correlation-with-the-modified-ashworth-scale
#17
E L Santos, M C Santos, E Krueger, G N Nogueira-Neto, P Nohama, E L Santos, M C Santos, E Krueger, G N Nogueira-Neto, P Nohama, G N Nogueira-Neto, M C Santos, E Krueger, E L Santos, P Nohama
The modified Ashworth scale (MAS) is the most widely used measurement technique to assess levels of spasticity. In MAS, the evaluator graduates spasticity considering his/her subjective analysis of the muscular endurance during passive stretching. Therefore, it is a subjective scale. Mechanomyography (MMG) allows registering the vibrations generated by muscle contraction and stretching events that propagate through the tissue until the surface of the skin. With this in mind, this study aimed to investigate possible correlations between MMG signal and muscle spasticity levels determined by MAS...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225959/the-need-of-dermatologists-psychiatrists-and-psychologists-joint-care-in-psychodermatology
#18
Roberto Doglia Azambuja
The mind-skin connection has been studied since the nineteenth century. The last 40 years have set the development of new research areas which allowed the clarifying of how these two dimensions interact. The diseases that involve skin and mind constitute the field of psychodermatology and require that specialists in dermatology, psychiatry and psychology together and integrated take part in it, since skin, nervous system and mind are simultaneously affected. This paper aims to expose how psychodermatoses are currently conceptualized and the need of integration of these three specialties for conveniently treating the patients...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225838/-mental-simulation-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#19
Daniel G Politis, Wanda Y Rubinstein, María E Tabernero
: There is a common network for perception and execution of actions necessary for the acquisition of Theory of Mind, and the mirror neuron system could be the neural substrate. OBJECTIVE: To study the presence of apraxia and their relationship to Theory of Mind in patients with behavioral variant of Frontotemporal Dementia. METHODS: 24 patients were assessed, and the cognitive praxis assessment battery and theory of mind were administered...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225795/multicenter-experiences-in-temporal-bone-cancer-surgery-based-on-89-cases
#20
Małgorzata Wierzbicka, Kazimierz Niemczyk, Antoni Bruzgielewicz, Marcin Durko, Janusz Klatka, Tomasz Kopeć, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Wioletta Pietruszewska, Marcin Szymański, Witold Szyfter
OBJECTIVE: To present outcomes of extensive surgery: lateral, subtotal, total petrosectomies in patients with temporal bone invasion resulting from specific primary cancers. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Four tertiary referral centers. MATERIAL: 89 patients with cancer of the temporal bone treated between January 2006 and December 2010. INTERVENTION: Multidisciplinary team approach including surgical resection, reconstruction, and postoperative radiotherapy...
2017: PloS One
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