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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909349/who-is-prone-to-wander-and-when-examining-an-integrative-effect-of-working-memory-capacity-and-mindfulness-trait-on-mind-wandering-under-different-task-loads
#1
Yu-Jeng Ju, Yunn-Wen Lien
We proposed an integration hypothesis of mind wandering in which the tendency of mind wandering is only related to working memory capacity (WMC) when a self-regulation process is required (i.e., under a high task load); however, this tendency is related to mindfulness regardless of task load. A within-group experiment with 160 participants was conducted. Task load was manipulated as high or low using modified 0-back and 2-back tasks, during which participants' self-caught mind wanderings and the types of mind wandering (aware vs...
June 13, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908772/first-in-vitro-fertilization-baby-this-is-how-it-happened
#2
REVIEW
Simon Fishel
On July 25, 1978, the first human was born following extracorporeal fertilization, an event that opened up a new medical science: expanding our knowledge of and developing novel treatments for infertility, radically changing the opportunities for families with inherited monogenic disorders, generating the new discipline of clinical embryology, and paving the way for studies into stem cell biology. In vitro fertilization (IVF), as it became known in its simplest form, went even further: it engaged the myriad of minds in human society...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908572/medicinal-plants-with-traditional-use-ethnobotany-in-the-indian-subcontinent
#3
Reena Rupani, Afton Chavez
Traditional medicine uses cultural knowledge and practices to promote health maintenance as well as diagnose and treat disease. In developing countries, the majority of people rely on traditional medicines; however, many of these practices have not been rigorously and systematically studied or reported. We review the current understanding and research behind traditional therapies prevalent in the Indian subcontinent, including mind-body and energy-based healing, botanical medicine, and herbal remedies. Topics covered include Ayurveda, yoga, naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa, homeopathy, and medicinal plants such as neem, guggul, tulsi, amla, and turmeric...
May 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908397/estimating-global-ecosystem-service-values-and-its-response-to-land-surface-dynamics-during-1995-2015
#4
Srikanta Sannigrahi, Sandeep Bhatt, Shahid Rahmat, Saikat Kumar Paul, Somnath Sen
Changes in land use due to the industrial revolution, increasing population, ever-increasing desire for economic growth is a global concern. The aforementioned changes can have a significant impact on global and regional ecosystem services which are indispensable for human well-being and their subsistence. This study identifies several approaches (Costanza et al., de Groot et al., and Xie et al.) to estimate the value of global terrestrial ecosystem services. High resolution (300 m) land use products provided by European Space Agency-Climate Change Initiative (ESA-CCI) were used to quantify the global ecosystem service values (ESV) for 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 respectively...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907511/developing-and-assessing-electronic-checklists-for-safety-mindfulness-workload-and-performance
#5
Gregg S Tracton, Lukasz M Mazur, Prithima Mosaly, Lawrence B Marks, Shiva Das
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to propose a set of innovative principles for the effective design of electronic checklists to enhance safety mindfulness (a specific safety mindful mindset that offers the opportunity to operate more preemptively during routine quality assurance tasks) and discuss some of our preliminary results from testing our proposed electronic checklist with dosimetrists and physicists. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A multidisciplinary team designed, developed, and evaluated the utility of the electronic checklist (vs paper-based checklist) to promote safety mindfulness...
May 16, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907335/trial-protocol-the-use-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-improving-bracing-compliance-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906869/threshold-q-voter-model
#7
Allan R Vieira, Celia Anteneodo
We introduce the threshold q-voter opinion dynamics where an agent, facing a binary choice, can change its mind when at least q_{0} among q neighbors share the opposite opinion. Otherwise, the agent can still change its mind with a certain probability ɛ. This threshold dynamics contemplates the possibility of persuasion by an influence group even when there is not full agreement among its members. In fact, individuals can follow their peers not only when there is unanimity (q_{0}=q) in the lobby group, as assumed in the q-voter model, but also, depending on the circumstances, when there is simple majority (q_{0}>q/2), Byzantine consensus (q_{0}>2q/3), or any minimal number q_{0} among q...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906691/intraductal-tubulopapillary-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-presenting-as-recurrent-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#8
Sodai Sakamoto, Yosuke Tsuruga, Yuki Fujii, Hiroki Shomura, Atsuo Hattori, Keizo Kazui
INTRODUCTION: The 2010 World Health Organization classification of intraductal neoplasms of the pancreas includes intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasms (ITPNs) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, the latter being a rare and new concept. ITPN sometimes cause acute pancreatitis; therefore, distinguishing ITPN from idiopathic acute pancreatitis is important but challenging. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of a 72-year-old male who had recurrent pancreatitis for the past 2 years, his diagnosis was idiopathic acute pancreatitis...
June 4, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906670/emotion-perception-non-social-cognition-and-symptoms-as-predictors-of-theory-of-mind-in-schizophrenia
#9
Anja Vaskinn, Stein Andersson, Tiril Østefjells, Ole A Andreassen, Kjetil Sundet
BACKGROUND: Theory of mind (ToM) can be divided into cognitive and affective ToM, and a distinction can be made between overmentalizing and undermentalizing errors. Research has shown that ToM in schizophrenia is associated with non-social and social cognition, and with clinical symptoms. In this study, we investigate cognitive and clinical predictors of different ToM processes. METHODS: Ninety-one individuals with schizophrenia participated. ToM was measured with the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC) yielding six scores (total ToM, cognitive ToM, affective ToM, overmentalizing errors, undermentalizing errors and no mentalizing errors)...
June 5, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906240/minding-the-mind-body-literature-or-is-that-the-mind-app-body
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906030/the-effect-of-home-buddhist-mindfulness-meditation-on-depressive-symptom-in-major-depressive-patients
#11
Wanpen Turakitwanakan, Patirop Pongpaplud, Maethaphan Kitporntheranunt
Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the important cause of disability in the world. Major depressive patients that are not respond to the first and second drugs are about 67% and 33%, respectively. Therefore the effective treatment is urgently needed. Objective: To examine the effect of Buddhist mindfulness meditation combined with standard treatment on depression and quality of life in major depressive patient compared to the control group. Material and Method: It was a quasi experimental study...
November 2017: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905768/brain-activity-and-network-interactions-in-the-impact-of-internal-emotional-distraction
#12
A D Iordan, S Dolcos, F Dolcos
Emotional distraction may come from the external world and from our mind, as internal distraction. Although external emotional distraction has been extensively investigated, less is known about the mechanisms associated with the impact of internal emotional distraction on cognitive performance, and those involved in coping with such distraction. These issues were investigated using a working memory task with emotional distraction, where recollected unpleasant autobiographical memories served as internal emotional distraction...
June 14, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905616/implementation-of-perioperative-music-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#13
Jessica E Carter, Srinivas Pyati, Frances A Kanach, Ann Miller W Maxwell, Charles M Belden, Christopher M Shea, Thomas Van de Ven, Jillian Thompson, Helen Hoenig, Karthik Raghunathan
BACKGROUND: Complementary integrative health therapies have a perioperative role in the reduction of pain, analgesic use, and anxiety, and increasing patient satisfaction. However, long implementation lags have been quantified. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) can help mitigate this translational problem. METHODS: We reviewed evidence for several nonpharmacological treatments (CFIR domain: characteristics of interventions) and studied external context and organizational readiness for change by surveying providers at 11 Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals (domains: outer and inner settings)...
June 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905356/-biologics-in-rhinology-forthcoming-personalized-concepts-the-future-starts-today
#14
Adam M Chaker
Sinunasale Erkrankungen zählen mit zu den häufigsten chronischen Erkrankungen und führen zu einer erheblichen Störung der Lebensqualität, ein komorbides Asthma ist häufig. Trotz leitliniengerechter Therapie ist anzunehmen, dass mind. 20% der Patienten ihre Erkrankungssymptome nicht adäquat kontrollieren können. Neben den etablierten chirurgischen und konservativen Therapieoptionen finden sich nun vielversprechende Therapieansätze, die bspw. mittels therapeutischer Antikörper mechanistisch gezielt in die Pathophysiologie der Erkrankungen eingreifen können...
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905153/chromosome-14q11-2-q21-1-duplication-a-rare-cause-of-west-syndrome
#15
Özdem Ertürk Çetin, Cengiz Yalçınkaya, Birsen Karaman, Veysi Demirbilek, Beyhan Tüysüz
Proximal duplication of chromosome 14q, including the FOXG1 gene located on 14q12, is a rare condition characterised by developmental delay, dysmorphic craniofacial features, epilepsy, and severe speech delay. Here, we report a patient with West syndrome whose chromosome analysis revealed 14q11.2-21.1 duplication. The patient was admitted due to infantile epileptic spasms at eight months of age, motor developmental delay, and dysmorphic features. Chromosome and array-CGH analysis revealed de novo 14q11.2-21...
June 15, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904975/the-eyes-don-t-see-what-the-mind-doesn-t-know-pleural-endometriosis-on-effusion-cytology
#16
Parikshaa Gupta, Nalini Gupta, Amanjit Bal, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Valliappan Muthu, Arvind Rajwanshi
Thoracic endometriosis is the presence of endometrial tissue in the pleura, lung parenchyma and/or airways. It is an extremely rare occurence and is challenging to diagnose clinically due to variable clinical presentations. A high index of clinical suspicion and recognition of the association of the clinical symptoms with menstruation is important to establish a clinical diagnosis of pleural endometriosis. The definitive diagnosis requires tissue diagnosis, demonstrating the presence of endometrial tissue in pleura, either by cytological or histopathological examination...
June 14, 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904872/mindfulness-meditation-for-chronic-migraine-in-pediatric-population-a-pilot-study
#17
Emanuela Sansone, Alberto Raggi, Eleonora Grignani, Matilde Leonardi, Domenico D'Amico, Chiara Scaratti, Licia Grazzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904745/promoting-safety-mindfulness-recommendations-for-the-design-and-use-of-simulation-based-training-in-radiation-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Lukasz M Mazur, Lawrence B Marks, Ron McLeod, Waldemar Karwowski, Prithima Mosaly, Gregg Tracton, Robert D Adams, Lesley Hoyle, Shiva Das, Bhishamjit Chera
There is a need to better prepare radiation therapy (RT) providers to safely operate within the health information technology (IT) sociotechnical system. Simulation-based training has been preemptively used to yield meaningful improvements during providers' interactions with health IT, including RT settings. Therefore, on the basis of the available literature and our experience, we propose principles for the effective design and use of simulated scenarios and describe a conceptual framework for a debriefing approach to foster successful training that is focused on safety mindfulness during RT professionals' interactions with health IT...
April 2018: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904499/pituitary-stalk-interruption-syndrome-presenting-in-a-euthyroid-adult-with-short-stature
#19
Atif Nawaz, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Jehanzeb Shahid
Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is a distinct and rare clinical entity responsible for congenital hypopituitarism resulting in deficiency of pituitary hormones with deficiency of the growth hormone (100%) and gonadotropins (97.2%) being its most common presentation at the time of hospital encounter (Wang et al., 2015). Isolated sparing of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with deficiency of the remaining anterior pituitary hormones may be present in PSIS, as is true in our case. Therefore, it should be kept in mind at the time of examination in suspected cases of PSIS...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904489/intracardiac-extension-of-intravenous-leiomyoma-a-rare-phenomenon-a-case-report
#20
Aileen Peña, Marvin Tamaña
Leiomyoma of uterine origin is a common histologically benign neoplasm in women; however, growth intravenously with intracardiac extension is a rare phenomenon. This is a diagnostic challenge that can present with varied clinical manifestations and multiple differential diagnosis. This is a case of a 45-year-old female patient with chest heaviness and an intracardiac mass on 2-dimensional (2D) echocardiogram. Previous history of hysterectomy was likewise noted. Imaging workup, including 2D echocardiogram and contrast-enhanced chest and abdomen computed tomography scans, was performed which demonstrated a large, heterogeneous, elongated filling defect in the right atrium and right ventricle extending to the inferior vena cava, left renal vein, and left gonadal vein...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
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