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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340384/effects-of-waste-eggshells-and-sic-addition-on-specific-strength-and-thermal-expansion-of-hybrid-green-metal-matrix-composite
#1
Satpal Sharma, Shashi Prakash Dwivedi
Chicken eggshell waste is an industrial byproduct, and its disposal constitutes a serious environmental hazard. Chicken eggshell can be used in commercial products to produce new materials with low cost and density. Low density material which can sustain at higher temperature is a remarkable area of research. Keeping these facts in the mind, the present investigation aims to study the physical behaviour, specific strength and thermal expansion of AA2014/SiC/carbonized eggshell hybrid green metal matrix composites...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338962/higher-order-intentionality-tasks-are-cognitively-more-demanding
#2
Penelope A Lewis, Amy Birch, Alexander Hall, R I M Dunbar
A central assumption that underpins much of the discussion of the role played by social cognition in brain evolution is that social cognition is unusually cognitively demanding. This assumption has never been tested. Here, we use a task in which participants read stories and then answered questions about the stories in a behavioural experiment (39 participants) and an fMRI experiment (17 participants) to show that mentalising requires more time for responses than factual memory of a matched complexity and also that higher orders of mentalising is disproportionately more demanding and requires the recruitment of more neurons in brain regions known to be associated with theory of mind, including insula, posterior STS, temporal pole, and cerebellum...
March 13, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338892/embodiment-and-schizophrenia-a-review-of-implications-and-applications
#3
Wolfgang Tschacher, Anne Giersch, Karl Friston
In recent decades, embodiment has become an influential concept in psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Embodiment denotes the study of the reciprocal (causal) relationships between mind and body, with the mind not only affecting the body but also vice versa. Embodied cognition comes to the fore in sensorimotor coupling, predictive coding, and nonverbal behavior. Additionally, the embodiment of the mind constitutes the basis of social interaction and communication, as evident in research on nonverbal synchrony and mimicry...
March 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338644/clinical-hypnosis-an-effective-mind-body-modality-for-adolescents-with-behavioral-and-physical-complaints
#4
REVIEW
Anju Sawni, Cora Collette Breuner
Mind-body medicine is a system of health practices that includes meditation/relaxation training, guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, yoga, art/music therapy, prayer, t'ai chi, and psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Clinical hypnosis is an important mind-body tool that serves as an adjunct to conventional medical care for the adolescent patient. Clinical hypnosis specifically uses self-directed therapeutic suggestions to cultivate the imagination and facilitate the mind-body connection, leading to positive emotional and physical well-being...
March 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337952/prenatal-maternal-stress-shapes-children-s-theory-of-mind-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#5
G Simcock, S Kildea, G Elgbeili, D P Laplante, V Cobham, S King
Research shows that stress in pregnancy has powerful and enduring effects on many facets of child development, including increases in behavior problems and neurodevelopmental disorders. Theory of mind is an important aspect of child development that is predictive of successful social functioning and is impaired in children with autism. A number of factors related to individual differences in theory of mind have been identified, but whether theory of mind development is shaped by prenatal events has not yet been examined...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337821/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-added-to-care-as-usual-for-lung-cancer-patients-and-or-their-partners-a-multi-centre-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
M P J Schellekens, D G M van den Hurk, J B Prins, A R T Donders, J Molema, R Dekhuijzen, M A van der Drift, A E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer patients report among the highest distress rates of all cancer patients. Partners report similar distress rates. The present study examined the effectiveness of additional Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (CAU + MBSR) versus solely care as usual (CAU) to reduce psychological distress in lung cancer patients and/or their partners. METHODS: We performed a multicentre, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial. MBSR is an 8-week group-based intervention, including mindfulness practice and teachings on stress...
March 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337813/health-care-experiences-among-women-diagnosed-with-gestational-breast-cancer
#7
K Hammarberg, E Sullivan, N Javid, G Duncombe, L Halliday, F Boyle, C Saunders, A Ives, J E Dickinson, J Fisher
Gestational breast cancer (GBC) presents many challenges for women and the clinicians who care for them. The aim of this study was to explore the health care experiences of women diagnosed with GBC to inform and improve clinical care of women in this predicament. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 women who had been diagnosed with GBC in the previous 5 years. The overarching themes for perceived quality of care were "communication" and "comprehensive care." "Communication" had two sub themes: "interdisciplinary communication" (the way health professionals from different disciplines communicated with each other about the management of the woman's care) and "patient communication" (how they communicated this to the woman)...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337731/arthroplasty-registries-around-the-world-valuable-sources-of-hip-implant-revision-risk-data
#8
REVIEW
Richard E Hughes, Aditi Batra, Brian R Hallstrom
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: National and regional arthroplasty registries have proliferated since the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register was started in 1975. Registry reports typically present implant-specific estimates of revision risk and patient- and technique-related factors that can inform clinical decision-making about implants and techniques. However, annual registry reports are long and it is difficult for clinicians to extract comparable revision risk data. Since implants may appear in multiple registry reports, it is even more difficult to gather relevant data for clinical decision-making about implant selection...
March 23, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337432/the-current-and-future-role-of-heart-rate-variability-for-assessing-and-training-compassion
#9
James N Kirby, James R Doty, Nicola Petrocchi, Paul Gilbert
The evolution of mammalian caregiving involving hormones, such as oxytocin, vasopressin, and the myelinated vagal nerve as part of the ventral parasympathetic system, enables humans to connect, co-regulate each other's emotions and create prosociality. Compassion-based interventions draw upon a number of specific exercises and strategies to stimulate these physiological processes and create conditions of "interpersonal safeness," thereby helping people engage with, alleviate, and prevent suffering. Hence, compassion-based approaches are connected with our evolved caring motivation and attachment and our general affiliative systems that help regulate distress...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337170/why-your-body-can-jog-your-mind
#10
Manuela Macedonia, Claudia Repetto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337165/motivation-measures-in-sport-a-critical-review-and-bibliometric-analysis
#11
Rachel B Clancy, Matthew P Herring, Mark J Campbell
Motivation is widely-researched, in both sport psychology and other fields. As rigorous measurement is essential to understanding this latent construct, a critical appraisal of measurement instruments is needed. Thus, the purpose of this review was to evaluate the six most highly cited motivation measures in sport. Peer-reviewed articles published prior to August 2016 were searched to identify the six most highly cited motivation questionnaires in sport: Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI), Situational Motivational Scale (SIMS), Perceptions of Success Questionnaire (POSQ), Behavioural Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ), and Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337156/lack-of-evidence-that-neural-empathic-responses-are-blunted-in-excessive-users-of-violent-video-games-an-fmri-study
#12
Gregor R Szycik, Bahram Mohammadi, Thomas F Münte, Bert T Te Wildt
The use of violent video games has been often linked to increase of aggressive behavior. According to the General Aggression Model, one of the central mechanisms for this aggressiveness inducing impact is an emotional desensitization process resulting from long lasting repeated violent game playing. This desensitization should evidence itself in a lack of empathy. Recent research has focused primarily on acute, short term impact of violent media use but only little is known about long term effects. In this study 15 excessive users of violent games and control subjects matched for age and education viewed pictures depicting emotional and neutral situations with and without social interaction while fMRI activations were obtained...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336989/meeting-and-greeting-in-the-clinical-setting-are-we-doing-what-patients-want
#13
A Davies-House, N Ball, C Balmer
Objective To determine how patients want to be greeted by clinicians on a first encounter in the clinical setting.Setting A UK dental teaching hospital in 2015/16.Materials and methods Data was collected prospectively via 450 patient questionnaires. The results were stratified by generational cohort and compared to assess if there was an association between patient preferences and the generational theory.Results Patients preferred to be greeted informally by their first name and didn't mind how the clinician introduced themselves or preferred them to use their first name also...
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336804/beyond-privacy-and-exposure-ethical-issues-within-citizen-facing-analytics
#14
Peter Grindrod
We discuss the governing forces for analytics, especially concerning citizens' behaviours and their transactions, that depend on which of three spheres of operation an institution is in (corporate, public sector/government and academic). We argue that aspirations and missions also differ by sphere even as digital spaces have drawn these spheres ever closer together. We propose that citizens' expectations and implicit permissions for any exploitation of their data require the perception of a fair balance of benefits, which should be transparent (accessible to citizens) and justifiable...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336020/embrace-action-mind-body-and-spirit
#15
EDITORIAL
Nathalie Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335501/communication-matters-exploring-the-intersection-of-family-and-practitioner-end-of-life-communication
#16
Leah M Omilion-Hodges, Nathan M Swords
After establishing a baseline understanding of some of the factors that influence and shape family end of life communication, empirical research centered on the communication tendencies of nationally-recognized palliative care clinicians is presented. Because death is no longer confined to the bedroom and individuals are increasingly turning to hospitals and health care institutes to assist with end of life, the role of palliative care practitioners is vital. To that end, common communication-rooted issues that may transpire among various medical personnel are explored...
March 19, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334988/attitudes-and-lifestyle-changes-following-jog-your-mind-results-from-a-multi-factorial-community-based-program-promoting-cognitive-vitality-among-seniors
#17
Sophie Laforest, Agathe Lorthios-Guilledroit, Kareen Nour, Manon Parisien, Michel Fournier, Dave Ellemberg, Danielle Guay, Charles-Émile Desgagnés-Cyr, Nathalie Bier
This study examined the effects on attitudes and lifestyle behavior of Jog your Mind, a multi-factorial community-based program promoting cognitive vitality among seniors with no known cognitive impairment. A quasi-experimental study was conducted. Twenty-three community organizations were assigned either to the experimental group (offering the program) or to the control group (creating a waiting list). They recruited 294 community-dwelling seniors. The aims of the study were to verify the effects of the program on attitudes and behaviors related to cognitive vitality and to explore its effects on cognitive vitality...
February 27, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334685/serum-ifn-%C3%AE-induced-protein-10-ip-10-as-a-biomarker-for-severity-of-acute-respiratory-infection-in-healthy-adults
#18
Mary S Hayney, Kelsey M Henriquez, Jodi H Barnet, Tola Ewers, Heather M Champion, Sean Flannery, Bruce Barrett
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory chemokine, interferon-gamma inducible protein of 10kDa (IP-10), is a biomarker associated with several conditions. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated serum concentrations of IP-10 in healthy individuals who developed acute respiratory infection (ARI). The hypothesis is that serum IP-10 concentrations correlate with ARI severity and detection of viral pathogens. STUDY DESIGN: Data come from a randomized controlled trial measuring the effects of mindfulness meditation or exercise on ARI (Clinical Trials ID: NCT01654289)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334519/perspectives-of-health-and-self-care-among-older-persons-to-be-implemented-in-an-interactive-ict-platform
#19
Carina Göransson, Yvonne Wengström, Kristina Ziegert, Ann Langius-Eklöf, Irene Eriksson, Annica Kihlgren, Karin Blomberg
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To acquire knowledge regarding the contents to be implemented in an interactive ICT-platform perceived to be relevant to health and self-care among older persons based on the literature, healthcare professionals and the older persons themselves. BACKGROUND: The growing ageing population places demands on the healthcare system to promote healthy ageing and to strengthen the older person's self-care ability. This requires innovative approaches to facilitate communication between the older person and healthcare professionals, and to increase the older person's participation in their care...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333955/producing-or-reproducing-reasoning-socratic-dialog-is-very-effective-but-only-for-a-few
#20
Andrea Paula Goldin, Olivia Pedroncini, Mariano Sigman
Successful communication between a teacher and a student is at the core of pedagogy. A well known example of a pedagogical dialog is 'Meno', a socratic lesson of geometry in which a student learns (or 'discovers') how to double the area of a given square 'in essence, a demonstration of Pythagoras' theorem. In previous studies we found that after engaging in the dialog participants can be divided in two kinds: those who can only apply a rule to solve the problem presented in the dialog and those who can go beyond and generalize that knowledge to solve any square problems...
2017: PloS One
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