keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Food

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945048/-glass-transition-of-chinese-medicine-extract-powder-and-its-application
#1
Xiao-Jian Luo, Hui Liu, Hong-Bo Liang, Lei Xiong, Xiao-Yong Rao, Yin Xie, Yan He
Glass transition theory is an important theory in polymer science, which is used to characterize the physical properties. It refers to the transition of amorphous polymer from the glassy state to the rubber state due to heating or the transition from rubber state to glassy state due to cooling. In this paper, the glassy state and glass transition of food and the similar relationship between the composition of Chinese medicine extract powder and food ingredients were described; the determination method for glass transition temperature (Tg) of Chinese medicine extract powder was established and its main influencing factors were analyzed...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945018/-expert-consensus-on-the-design-and-implementation-of-clinical-safety-centralized-monitoring-study-of-chinese-medical-injection
#2
Jun-Hua Zhang, Jing-Tian Ren, Jing-Qing Hu, Yan-Ming Xie, Hai-Bo Song, Ming-Jun Zhu, Rui Gao, Zhong Wang, Wen-Ke Zheng, Xue-Lin Li, Meng Jiang, Yu-Hong Huang, Fang Lu, Li-Yun He, Wei-Xiong Lian, Zhong-Qi Yang, Wei-An Yuan, Si-Yuan Hu, Bao-He Wang, Wei-Liang Wang, De-Quan Ren, Bo-Li Zhang
Along with the increase of clinical application, the safety of traditional Chinese medicine gained more and more attentions. In particular, the safety evaluation of Chinese medical injections has become a mandatory task should be completed by pharmaceutical companies under the supervision of China Food and Drug Administration(CFDA). Due to the weak foundation of previous studies, the safety issues of Chinese medical injections have not been fully understood, and lack of scientific and rational risk management programs...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944993/evaluation-of-prolonged-exposure-to-varenicline-in-adult-rats-hematological-biochemical-and-anatomopathological-studies
#3
Julia Zaccarelli-Magalhães, Natalia Moreira, Thaisa Meira Sandini, Gabriel Ramos de Abreu, Angélica Maria Sánchez-Sarmiento, Esther Lopes Ricci, André Rinaldi Fukushima, Helenice de Souza Spinosa
Varenicline is a synthetic chemical substance produced from the alkaloid cytisine, used for smoking treatment, which acts as a partial agonist for α4β2 and α3β4 nicotinic cholinergic receptors and as a total agonist for α7 receptor. While there are studies regarding varenicline's non-smoking-related effects, as in treatment for drug dependence, there are no studies in the literature evaluating the long-term toxicity of varenicline through a physiological approach. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate possible toxicity through hematological, biochemical and anatomopathological parameters of prolonged exposure (30 days) to varenicline in rats...
September 25, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944963/standardized-ileal-digestibility-and-digestible-indispensable-amino-acid-score-of-porcine-and-bovine-hydrolyzates-in-pigs
#4
Yugal Raj Bindari, Helle Nygaard Laerke, Jan Vaerum Nørgaard
BACKGROUND: Using protein hydrolyzates in food and feed ingredients is a growing area of interest. The present study was conducted to determine the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) and to evaluate protein quality of porcine and bovine hydrolyzates. The SID values were determied in pigs, and these values were used to calculate DIAAS values. RESULTS: The SID of crude protein of hydrolyzates of porcine plasma, bovine muscle, bovine collagen, porcine heart, and porcine muscle was 0...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944960/application-of-high-pressure-homogenization-on-gums-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Ricardo Henrique Belmiro, Alline Artigiani Lima Tribst, Marcelo Cristianini
High pressure homogenization (HPH) is an emerging process in which a fluid product is pumped by pressure intensifiers forcing it to flows through a narrow gap, usually measured in the order of micrometers. Gums are polysaccharides from vegetal, animal or microbial origin, widely employed in food and chemical industries as thickeners, stabilizers, gelling agents and emulsifiers. Choosing a specific gum will depend on its application and purpose, as each form of gum has particular values for viscosity, intrinsic viscosity, stability, emulsifying and gelling properties, being these parameters determined by its structure...
September 25, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944899/smilax-glabra-rhizoma-affects-the-pharmacokinetics-and-tissue-distribution-of-methotrexate-by-increasing-the-p%C3%A2-glycoprotein-mrna-expression-in-rats-after-oral-administration
#6
Yang Li, Shigui Deng, Ya Ζhao, Lijuan Liu, Ruizhi Zhao
Methotrexate (MTX) is a widely used immunosuppressant and anticancer agent with high toxicity. Smilax glabra Rhizoma (SGR) has the effect of detoxification and immunoregulation, and has been used as both food and folk medicine in many countries. Co‑administration of MTX and SGR occurs in several diseases. However, whether they work synergistically or are incompatible remains unknown. In the present study, MTX was administrated to rats alone or combined with SGR. Blood and tissue samples were collected at designated times...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944806/egg-derived-bioactive-peptides-with-ace-inhibitory-properties-a-literature-update
#7
REVIEW
Charlotte Grootaert, Bea Matthijs, Stefan Voorspoels, Sam Possemiers, Guy Smagghe, John Van Camp
Egg proteins contain a wide set of peptide sequences which have an impact on cardiovascular health. Their modes-of-action involve, among others, the inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. In this review, we focus particularly on ACE-inhibition and discuss recent findings in: (i) production methods for egg protein-derived ACE-inhibitory peptides, (ii) in vitro functionality of these peptides, (iii) their intestinal digestion and absorption in order to reach the target tissue, (iv) the impact of ACE-inhibitory egg-derived peptides in vivo and (v) future perspectives for the implementation of egg-derived ACE-inhibitory peptides as functional foods...
September 25, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944746/using-two-sex-life-tables-to-determine-fitness-parameters-of-four-bactrocera-species-diptera-tephritidae-reared-on-a-semi-artificial-diet
#8
W Jaleel, J Yin, D Wang, Y He, L Lu, H Shi
Fruit flies in the genus Bactrocera are global, economically important pests of agricultural food crops. However, basic life history information about these pests, which is vital for designing more effective control methods, is currently lacking. Artificial diets can be used as a suitable replacement for natural host plants for rearing fruit flies under laboratory conditions, and this study reports on the two-sex life-table parameters of four Bactrocera species (Bactrocera correcta, Bactrocera dorsalis, Bactrocera cucurbitae, and Bactrocera tau) reared on a semi-artificial diet comprising corn flour, banana, sodium benzoate, yeast, sucrose, winding paper, hydrochloric acid and water...
September 25, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944718/obesity-is-associated-with-altered-mid-insula-functional-connectivity-to-limbic-regions-underlying-appetitive-responses-to-foods
#9
Jason A Avery, Joshua N Powell, Florence J Breslin, Rebecca J Lepping, Laura E Martin, Trisha M Patrician, Joseph E Donnelly, Cary R Savage, W Kyle Simmons
Obesity is fundamentally a disorder of energy balance. In obese individuals, more energy is consumed than is expended, leading to excessive weight gain through the accumulation of adipose tissue. Complications arising from obesity, including cardiovascular disease, elevated peripheral inflammation, and the development of Type II diabetes, make obesity one of the leading preventable causes of morbidity and mortality. Thus, it is of paramount importance to both individual and public health that we understand the neural circuitry underlying the behavioral regulation of energy balance...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944714/gymnemic-acids-lozenge-reduces-short-term-consumption-of-high-sugar-food-a-placebo-controlled-experiment
#10
Eric Stice, Sonja Yokum, Jeff M Gau
Gymnemic acids (GA) suppress sweet taste and reduce consumption of high-sugar foods (HSF) which has been attributed to the reduction in pleasure. Herein we tested whether GA reduces the desire to eat HSF, before any HSF is tasted post GA dosing, which would implicate another mechanism of action not previously examined. In this double-blind experiment, 67 adults selected a favourite candy, consumed one standardized serving, rated candy pleasantness along with desire for more candy, and were randomly assigned to consume a GA or placebo lozenge...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944651/salivary-immunoglobulin-a-in-healthy-adolescent-females-effects-of-maximal-exercise-physical-activity-body-composition-and-diet
#11
Hermann J Engels, Bradley J Kendall, Mariane M Fahlman, Neha P Gothe, Kelsey C Bourbeau
BACKGROUND: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effect of acute maximal exercise (VO2max test) on salivary immunoglobulin A (SIgA) responses in adolescent females. A secondary aim was to examine the relationship between resting SIgA levels and VO2max, physical activity, body composition, and diet. METHODS: Fifty healthy female adolescents completed a laboratory based VO2max test, assessment of body composition via hydrodensitometry, a validated physical activity questionnaire (PAQ- A), and a 3-day food diary...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944625/allergy-to-peanut-soybean-and-other-legumes-recent-advances-in-allergen-characterization-stability-to-processing-and-ige-cross-reactivity
#12
REVIEW
Beatriz Cabanillas, Uta Jappe, Natalija Novak
Peanut and soybean are members of the Leguminosae family. They are two of the eight foods that account for the most significant food allergies in the US and Europe. Allergic reactions to other legume species can be of importance in other regions of the world. The major allergens from peanut and soybean have been extensively analyzed and members of new protein families identified as potential marker allergens for symptom severity. Important recent advances concerning their molecular properties or clinical relevance have been made...
September 25, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944596/diet-quality-in-patients-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-undergoing-dialysis
#13
Lauren A Roach, Kelly Lambert, Jane L Holt, Barbara J Meyer
BACKGROUND: People on haemodialysis (HD) are at risk of consuming a poor quality diet. This includes inadequate intake of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA). OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate diet quality, with a particular focus on n-3 LCPUFA intake, in a population of incentre HD patients. DESIGN: Dietary intake was measured using three 24 hour recalls; the Polyunsaturated food frequency questionnaire (PUFA FFQ) and the Total Diet Score (TDS)...
September 24, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944587/finding-the-genetic-mechanisms-of-folate-deficiency-and-neural-tube-defects-leaving-no-stone-unturned
#14
REVIEW
Kit Sing Au, Tina O Findley, Hope Northrup
Neural tube defects (NTDs) occur secondary to failed closure of the neural tube between the third and fourth weeks of gestation. The worldwide incidence ranges from 0.3 to 200 per 10,000 births with the United States of American NTD incidence at around 3-6.3 per 10,000 dependent on race and socioeconomic background. Human NTD incidence has fallen by 35-50% in North America due to mandatory folic acid fortification of enriched cereal grain products since 1998. The US Food and Drug Administration has approved the folic acid fortification of corn masa flour with the goal to further reduce the incidence of NTDs, especially among individuals who are Hispanic...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944532/a-decline-in-primary-production-in-the-north-sea-over-twenty-five-years-associated-with-reductions-in-zooplankton-abundance-and-fish-stock-recruitment
#15
Elisa Capuzzo, Christopher P Lynam, Jon Barry, David Stephens, Rodney M Forster, Naomi Greenwood, Abigail McQuatters-Gollop, Tiago Silva, Sonja M van Leeuwen, Georg H Engelhard
Phytoplankton primary production is at the base of the marine food web; changes in primary production have direct or indirect effects on higher trophic levels, from zooplankton organisms to marine mammals and seabirds. Here we present a new time-series on gross primary production in the North Sea, from 1988 to 2013, estimated using in situ measurements of chlorophyll and underwater light. This shows that recent decades have seen a significant decline in primary production in the North Sea. Moreover, primary production differs in magnitude between six hydrodynamic regions within the North Sea...
September 25, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944520/human-activities-as-a-driver-of-spatial-variation-in-the-trophic-structure-of-fish-communities-on-pacific-coral-reefs
#16
Jonathan L W Ruppert, Laurent Vigliola, Michel Kulbicki, Pierre Labrosse, Marie-Josée Fortin, Mark G Meekan
Anthropogenic activities such as land-use change, pollution and fishing impact the trophic structure of coral reef fishes, which can influence ecosystem health and function. Although these impacts may be ubiquitous, they are not consistent across the tropical Pacific Ocean. Using an extensive database of fish biomass sampled using underwater visual transects on coral reefs, we modelled the impact of human activities on food webs at Pacific-wide and regional (1,000s-10,000s km) scales. We found significantly lower biomass of sharks and carnivores, where there were higher densities of human populations (hereafter referred to as human activity); however, these patterns were not spatially consistent as there were significant differences in the trophic structures of fishes among biogeographic regions...
September 25, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944518/scenarios-reveal-pathways-to-sustain-future-ecosystem-services-in-an-agricultural-landscape
#17
Jiangxiao Qiu, Stephen R Carpenter, Eric G Booth, Melissa Motew, Samuel C Zipper, Christopher J Kucharik, Xi Chen, Steven P Loheide, Jenny Seifert, Monica G Turner
Sustaining food production, water quality, soil retention, flood and climate regulation in agricultural landscapes is a pressing global challenge given accelerating environmental changes. Scenarios are stories about plausible futures, and scenarios can be integrated with biophysical simulation models to explore quantitatively how the future might unfold. However, few studies have incorporated a wide range of drivers (e.g., climate, land-use, management, population, human diet) in spatially explicit, process-based models to investigate spatial-temporal dynamics and relationships of a portfolio of ecosystem services...
September 25, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944426/experimental-evaluation-of-the-efficiency-of-lipid-module-enriched-with-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-astaxantin
#18
Yu S Sidorova, V А Sarkisyan, N A Petrov, A A Kochetkova, V K Mazo
Rats of the experimental group for 30 days received a ration in which the fat component (sunflower oil) was completely substituted with a lipid module enriched with docosahexaenoic acid and astaxanthin. Anxiety of animals in elevated plus-maze test and muscle tone in the grip strength test were evaluated before and after the experiment. Exhausting treadmill exercise was simulated after 30 days of feeding the lipid module. Modification of the lipid component of the diet (enrichment with docosahexaenoic acid and astaxanthin) reduced fatigue during exhausting physical exercise, increased muscle tone, and produced an anxiolytic effect...
September 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944415/nectar-and-oleiferous-trichomes-as-floral-attractants-in-bulbophyllum-saltatorium-lindl-orchidaceae
#19
Małgorzata Stpiczyńska, Bartosz J Płachno, Kevin L Davies
Although many Orchidaceae have deceit flowers that produce no reward, the most common reward, when present, is nectar. Bulbophyllum, however, is unusual in that the labellar secretions of most species investigated to date lack sugars, and, therefore, cannot be considered true nectar. The African species Bulbophyllum saltatorium is an exception in that it produces not only nectar but also possesses specialized, capitate oleiferous trichomes. The nectary of B. saltatorium is borne on the labellum and is represented by a deep, narrow, median longitudinal groove, having a small aperture, and flanked by trichomes...
September 24, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944309/particle-coatings-but-not-silver-ions-mediate-genotoxicity-of-ingested-silver-nanoparticles-in-a-mouse-model
#20
Sameera Nallanthighal, Cadia Chan, Dhruba J Bharali, Shaker A Mousa, Elizabeth Vásquez, Ramune Reliene
Incorporation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in toothpaste, food containers, dietary supplements and other consumer products can result in oral exposure to AgNPs and/or silver ions (Ag(+)) released from the surface of AgNPs. To examine whether ingestion of AgNPs or Ag(+) results in genotoxic damage and whether AgNP coatings modulate the effect, we exposed mice orally to 20 nm citrate-coated AgNPs, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-coated AgNPs, silver acetate or respective vehicles at a 4 mg/kg dose (equivalent to 800x the EPA reference dose for Ag) for 7 days...
January 2017: NanoImpact
keyword
keyword
1445
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"