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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109194/family-health-strategy-and-equity-in-prenatal-care-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-minas-gerais-brazil
#1
Mônica Viegas Andrade, Kenya Valéria Micaela de Souza Noronha, Allan Claudius Queiroz Barbosa, Michelle Nepomuceno Souza, Júlia Almeida Calazans, Lucas Resende de Carvalho, Thiago Augusto Hernandes Rocha, Núbia Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Prenatal care coverage is still not universal or adequately provided in many low and middle income countries. One of the main barriers regards the presence of socioeconomic inequalities in prenatal care utilization. In Brazil, prenatal care is supplied for the entire population at the community level as part of the Family Health Strategy (FHS), which is the main source of primary care provided by the public health system. Brazil has some of the greatest income inequalities in the world, and little research has been conducted to investigate prenatal care utilization of FHS across socioeconomic groups...
January 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109172/integrated-treatment-options-for-male-perpetrators-of-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Cory A Crane, Caroline J Easton
ISSUES: Male-to-female intimate partner violence remains a worldwide public health issue with adverse physical and psychological consequences for victims, perpetrators and children. Personality disorders, addiction, trauma and mood symptoms are established risk factors for intimate partner violence perpetration and factor prominently into a recovery-oriented treatment approach. APPROACH: We reviewed the partner violence literature for detailed reports of traditional as well as innovative, integrated treatment approaches...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109121/cannabis-use-and-dating-violence-among-college-students-a-call-for-research
#3
Ryan C Shorey, Ellen Haynes, Catherine Strauss, Jeff R Temple, Gregory L Stuart
Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem on college campuses. Although there is a robust literature documenting that alcohol use is consistently associated with increased risk for perpetrating dating violence, little research has examined the role of cannabis in dating violence perpetration. With increasing legalisation of cannabis throughout the world, it is imperative to understand what role, if any, cannabis may play in the important public health problem of dating violence. In this commentary, we discuss the current state of the research on cannabis and dating violence and suggest avenues for additional research in this area...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108914/recent-approaches-to-estimate-associations-between-source-specific-air-pollution-and-health
#4
REVIEW
Jenna R Krall, Matthew J Strickland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Estimating health effects associated with source-specific exposure is important for better understanding how pollution impacts health and for developing policies to better protect public health. Although epidemiologic studies of sources can be informative, these studies are challenging to conduct because source-specific exposures (e.g., particulate matter from vehicles) often are not directly observed and must be estimated. We reviewed recent studies that estimated associations between pollution sources and health to identify methodological developments designed to address important challenges...
January 20, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108913/religion-and-public-health-moral-tradition-as-both-problem-and-solution
#5
Michael Rozier
Despite strong religious influence in the development of medicine and medical ethics, religion has been relatively absent in the rise of preventive medicine and population health. Episodic, clinical medicine has a powerful hold on the religious imagination in health care. Nevertheless, Hebrew Scripture, elements of rabbinical teaching, and modern concepts of social justice all can be used to inspire action in health care that goes beyond clinical medicine. The Christian tradition can call upon the corporal works of mercy, virtue ethics, and Catholic social teaching, as well as the modern history Catholic sisters in the U...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108879/patterns-of-social-affiliations-and-healthcare-engagement-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
Rachel L Behler, Benjamin T Cornwell, John A Schneider
Little work has examined how individuals' social affiliations-the venues in which they meet friends and engage in informal social interaction-influence their engagement with public health services. We investigate how links to these local places shape access to information and exposure to health-seeking behavior. Using longitudinal data from a respondent-driven sample of 618 young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in Chicago, we identify different sets of social venues that connect YBMSM. We then examine how YBMSM's connections within this network influence their receipt of HIV prevention and treatment services and knowledge of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108850/baicalein-promotes-neuronal-and-behavioral-recovery-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage-via-suppressing-apoptosis-oxidative-stress-and-neuroinflammation
#7
Ning Wei, Yinghai Wei, Binru Li, Linlin Pang
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is an important public health problem in neurology, which is not only associated with high mortality but also leading to disability. Yet no satisfactory treatment has been developed. The secondary injury that resulted from a number of self-destructive processes such as neuroinflammation, apoptosis and oxidative stress, is the key factor contributing to ICH-induced brain damage. Baicalein has been proved to improve neuronal functional recovery in rat model of subarachnoid hemorrhage and ischemic brain damage...
January 21, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108804/antigenic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-rabies-virus-isolated-from-bats-mammalia-chiroptera-from-municipalities-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-southeastern-brazil
#8
Benedito Donizete Menozzi, Rafael de Novaes Oliveira, Laís Moraes Paiz, Virgínia Bodelão Richini-Pereira, Helio Langoni
Bats have aroused growing attention in the public health sphere because they are considered the main reservoir of rabies virus (RABV) in the Americas, in places where canine rabies is under control. Antigenic and genetic studies of RABV isolates have been used to describe the epidemiological profile of rabies and to identify possible hosts/reservoirs for different epidemiological cycles. This study describes the antigenic and genotypic characterization of 19 RABV isolates from central nervous system samples of non-hematophagous bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera)...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108592/social-class-variation-the-effect-of-the-economic-recession-and-childhood-obesity-at-3-years-of-age-in-ireland
#9
Samira Barbara Jabakhanji, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot, Fiona Boland, Regien Biesma
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported a social class gradient within overweight prevalence (1-4). Additionally, cross-country comparisons report high overweight trends and a change in food consumption patterns in countries affected by an economic crisis (5-11). The aim of this study was to assess the association between social class and recession on obesity levels in 3-year-old Irish children. METHODS: The population-based infant cohort of the national Growing Up in Ireland (GUI) study was used...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108546/automatic-health-record-review-to-help-prioritize-gravely-ill-social-security-disability-applicants
#10
Kenneth Abbott, Yen-Yi Ho, Jennifer Erickson
OBJECTIVE: Every year, thousands of patients die waiting for disability benefits from the Social Security Administration. Some qualify for expedited service under the Compassionate Allowance (CAL) initiative, but CAL software focuses exclusively on information from a single form field. This paper describes the development of a supplemental process for identifying some overlooked but gravely ill applicants, through automatic annotation of health records accompanying new claims. We explore improved prioritization instead of fully autonomous claims approval...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108530/use-of-performance-metrics-for-the-measurement-of-universal-coverage-for-maternal-care-in-mexico
#11
Edson Serván-Mori, David Contreras-Loya, Octavio Gomez-Dantés, Gustavo Nigenda, Sandra G Sosa-Rubí, Rafael Lozano
This study provides evidence for those working in the maternal health metrics and health system performance fields, as well as those interested in achieving universal and effective health care coverage. Based on the perspective of continuity of health care and applying quasi-experimental methods to analyse the cross-sectional 2009 National Demographic Dynamics Survey (n = 14 414 women), we estimated the middle-term effects of Mexico's new public health insurance scheme, Seguro Popular de Salud (SPS) (vs women without health insurance) on seven indicators related to maternal health care (according to official guidelines): (a) access to skilled antenatal care (ANC); (b) timely ANC; (c) frequent ANC; (d) adequate content of ANC; (e) institutional delivery; (f) postnatal consultation and (g) access to standardized comprehensive antenatal and postnatal care (or the intersection of the seven process indicators)...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108380/the-taste-of-heat-how-humoral-qualities-act-as-a-cultural-filter-for-chemosensory-properties-guiding-herbal-medicine
#12
Matthias S Geck, Stefano Cabras, Laura Casu, Alberto J Reyes García, Marco Leonti
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Organoleptic properties, and more specifically chemosensory cues, have been shown to guide therapeutic applications of medicinal plants. Humoral qualities, on the other hand, are widely believed to be an abstract concept, mainly applied post hoc to validate therapy. However, the nexus between humoral qualities, chemosensory properties, and medicinal plant uses has never been systematically assessed. AIM OF THE STUDY: To systematically analyse the correlations between chemosensory properties, humoral qualities, and medicinal uses of selected botanical drugs...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108370/application-of-environmental-dna-analysis-for-the-detection-of-opisthorchis-viverrini-dna-in-water-samples
#13
Hiroki Hashizume, Megumi Sato, Marcello Otake Sato, Sumire Ikeda, Tippayarat Yoonuan, Surapol Sanguankiat, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Kazuhiko Moji, Toshifumi Minamoto
Opisthorchiasis, which can lead to cholangiocarcinoma in cases of chronic infection, is a major public health problem in Southeast Asian countries. The trematode, Opisthorchis viverrini, is the causative agent of the disease. Accurate and rapid monitoring of O. viverrini is crucial for disease prevention and containment. Therefore, in this study we sought to develop a novel species-specific real-time PCR assay for detecting O. viverrini using environmental DNA (eDNA). The diagnostic sensitivity of the newly developed real-time PCR assay was similar to that of the traditional PCR assay for 50 fecal samples collected in Lao PDR (21 and 19 samples were positive by real-time PCR and traditional PCR, respectively)...
January 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108363/endothelial-maintenance-in-health-and-disease-importance-of-sex-differences
#14
REVIEW
Neja Mudrovcic, Samsul Arefin, Amaryllis H Van Craenenbroeck, Karolina Kublickiene
The vascular endothelium has emerged as more than just an inert monolayer of cells lining the vascular bed. It represents the interface between the blood stream and vessel wall, and has a strategic role in regulating vascular homeostasis by the release of vasoactive substances. Endothelial dysfunction contributes to the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Recognition of sex-specific factors implicated in endothelial cell biology is important for the identification of clinically relevant preventive and/or therapeutic strategies...
January 17, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108230/timeliness-and-risk-factors-associated-with-delay-for-pneumococcal-conjugate-10-valent-routine-immunization-in-brazilian-children
#15
Ana Lucia Sartori, Ruth Minamisava, Eliane Terezinha Afonso, Gabriela Moreira Policena, Grécia Carolina Pessoni, Ana Luiza Bierrenbach, Ana Lucia Andrade
BACKGROUND: Vaccination coverage is the usual metrics to evaluate the immunization programs performance. For the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate (PCV10) vaccine, measuring the delay of vaccination is also important, particularly as younger children are at increased risk of disease. Routinely collected administrative data was used to assess the timeliness of PCV10 vaccination, and the factors associated with delay to receive the first and second doses, and the completion of the PCV10 3+1 schedule...
January 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108189/the-longitudinal-impact-of-an-internet-safety-decision-aid-for-abused-women
#16
Nancy E Glass, Nancy A Perrin, Ginger C Hanson, Tina L Bloom, Jill T Messing, Amber S Clough, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Andrea C Gielen, James Case, Karen B Eden
INTRODUCTION: Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) navigate complex, dangerous decisions. Tailored safety information and safety planning, typically provided by domestic violence service providers, can prevent repeat IPV exposure and associated adverse health outcomes; however, few abused women access these services. The Internet represents a potentially innovative way to connect abused women with tailored safety planning resources and information. The purpose of this study was to compare safety and mental health outcomes at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months among abused women randomized to: (1) a tailored, Internet-based safety decision aid; or (2) control website (typical safety information available online)...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107976/sensitive-fluorescent-detection-of-h2o2-and-glucose-in-human-serum-based-on-inner-filter-effect-of-squaric-acid-iron-iii-on-the-fluorescence-of-upconversion-nanoparticle
#17
Hongyu Chen, Aijin Fang, Li He, Youyu Zhang, Shouzhuo Yao
Diabetes mellitus is an epidemic disease that it has became a worldwide public health problem. Thus, blood glucose monitoring has attracted extensive attention. Here, we report a nanosensor based on inner filter effect (IFE) between upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) and squaric acid (SQA)-iron(III) for the highly sensitive and selective detection of glucose levels in human serum. In this assay, GOx-catalyzed oxidization of glucose produces gluconic acid and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The latter can catalytically oxidize iron(II) to iron(III) which can rapidly (<1min) coordinate with the SQA to produce (SQA)-iron(III)...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107885/comorbidities-with-chronic-physical-conditions-and-gender-profiles-of-illness-in-schizophrenia-results-from-prest-a-new-health-dataset
#18
Andrea Gabilondo, Edurne Alonso-Moran, Roberto Nuño-Solinis, Juan F Orueta, Alvaro Iruin
OBJECTIVE: Using data from a large health dataset, the objectives are to describe the epidemiology of comorbidities with chronic physical conditions in schizophrenia, to identify gender profiles of illness and to discuss findings in the light of previous research. METHODS: The PREST health database was used which combines high quality and complementary data from numerous public health care resources in the Basque Country (Spain). RESULTS: A total number of 2,255,406 patients were included in this study and 7331 had a diagnosis of schizophrenia...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107814/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-self-perceived-oral-health-among-adults-in-chile
#19
Francisco Gallego, Cristián Larroulet, Leonor Palomer, Andrea Repetto, Diego Verdugo
BACKGROUND: This paper studies the socioeconomic disparities in self-perceived oral health among Chilean adults and in the perceived physical, functional, psychological and social consequences of oral health. METHODS: In February 2011, 1,413 residents of Metropolitan Area of Santiago, Chile, were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire and examined by dentists for dental status and oral health conditions. Only adults 18 to 60 years old affiliated with the public healthcare system were eligible to participate...
January 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107786/introduction-to-global-health-promotion
#20
Jennifer Torres
Global health education is becoming increasingly prominent in universities throughout the country especially in programs focused on health and behavioral sciences, law, economics, and political science. Introduction to Global Health Promotion is a book that can be used by both instructors and students in the field of global health. The book provides theories and models, human rights, and technology relevant to the field. In addition the book is designed to share best evidence for promoting health and reducing morbidity and mortality in a variety of areas...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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