keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Public health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743081/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-ppe44-rv2770c-is-involved-in-response-to-multiple-stresses-and-promotes-the-macrophage-expression-of-il-12-p40-and-il-6-via-the-p38-erk-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-axis
#1
Zhaoxiao Yu, Chenhui Zhang, Mingliang Zhou, Qiming Li, Hui Li, Wei Duan, Xue Li, Yonghong Feng, Jianping Xie
Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, remains a formidable threat to global public health. The successful intracellular persistence of M. tuberculosis significantly contributes to the intractability of tuberculosis. Proline-glutamic acid (PE) and proline-proline-glutamic acid (PPE) are mycobacterial exclusive protein families that widely reported to be involved in the bacterial virulence, physiology and interaction with host. Rv2770c (PPE44), a predicted virulence factor, was up-regulated upon the infected guinea pig lungs...
July 22, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742990/employment-status-gender-and-health-in-spanish-women
#2
Sara Esteban Gonzalo, Marta Aparicio, Laura Estaban-Gonzalo
The present study analyzed relationships between employment status, gender role conformity and health among adult Spanish women from a biopsychosocial approach. We first examined the potential relationship between employment status and conformity to feminine norms, second, the relationship between employment status and general and psychological health, and finally, the relationship between conformity to feminine norms and general and psychological health. Unemployed women (n = 103), employed women (n = 144) and full-time homemakers (n = 100) aged 18-70 years completed a survey, including measures of psychological health (GHQ-12), general health (self-rated health) and conformity to feminine norms (CFNI)...
July 25, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742949/strategies-to-increase-the-efficacy-of-using-gut-microbiota-for-the-modulation-of-obesity
#3
REVIEW
J Li, M S Riaz Rajoka, D Shao, C Jiang, M Jin, Q Huang, H Yang, J Shi
Obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges of the 21st century. The adjustment of gut microbiota is often recommended as an efficient strategy to treat obesity. This modulation of gut microbiota can be performed by many methods, including dietary intervention, antibiotic application, the use of prebiotics and probiotics, bariatric surgery and faecal microbiota transplantation. In most cases, positive effects have been observed in response to treatment, but invalid and even contrary effects have also been observed in some cases due to factors that are unrelated to intervention methods, such as genetic factors, patient age or gender, environmental microbiota, climate, geography and lifestyle...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742814/wetlands-wild-bovidae-species-richness-and-sheep-density-delineate-risk-of-rift-valley-fever-outbreaks-in-the-african-continent-and-arabian-peninsula
#4
Michael G Walsh, Allard Willem de Smalen, Siobhan M Mor
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an emerging, vector-borne viral zoonosis that has significantly impacted public health, livestock health and production, and food security over the last three decades across large regions of the African continent and the Arabian Peninsula. The potential for expansion of RVF outbreaks within and beyond the range of previous occurrence is unknown. Despite many large national and international epidemics, the landscape epidemiology of RVF remains obscure, particularly with respect to the ecological roles of wildlife reservoirs and surface water features...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742770/role-of-the-perioperative-surgical-home-in-optimizing-the-perioperative-use-of-opioids
#5
Thomas R Vetter, Zeev N Kain
Several federal agencies have recently noted that the United States is in the midst of an unprecedented "opioid epidemic," with an increasing number of opioid-related overdoses and deaths. Providers currently face 3 population-level, public health challenges in providing optimal perioperative pain care: (1) the continued lack of overall improvement in the excessive incidence of inadequately treated postoperative pain, (2) minimizing or preventing postoperative opioid-related side effects, and (3) addressing current opioid prescribing patterns, and the accompanying problematic surge in prescription opioid diversion, misuse, abuse, addiction, and overdose...
July 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742766/exploration-into-the-business-priorities-related-to-corporate-engagement-in-community-health-improvement-partnerships
#6
Nicolaas P Pronk, Catherine Baase, Jeanette May, Paul Terry, Karen Moseley
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors that matter to business in making decisions regarding engagement in community health improvement efforts. METHODS: Using qualitative methods, domains of interest were identified through literature reviews and expert interviews. Relevance of the domains in terms of potential priorities for action was tested through employer and community stakeholder interviews. RESULTS: Factors that employers considered important to sustained community collaboration as a business priority included (1) credibility of the convener, (2) broad representation of the community, (3) strong mission and goals, (4) individual commitment to health, (5) organizational commitment to health, and (6) demonstrated commitment from leadership...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742418/health-risk-behavior-among-justice-involved-male-and-female-youth-exploratory-multi-group-latent-class-analysis
#7
Richard Dembo, Jessica Faber, Jennifer Cristiano, Ralph J DiClemente, Julie M Krupa, Asha Terminello, Jennifer Wareham
BACKGROUND: Youth involved in the juvenile justice system experience a disproportionate prevalence of serious mental health issues, substance abuse, and are at an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual practices. Gender differences exist, with girls at a markedly greater risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease. OBJECTIVES: The present study seeks to determine if there are subgroups of male and female youth who differ in their health risk behavior. If so, do any male or female subgroups at different levels of health risk differ in regard to their sociodemographic and psychological factors, and finally, what are intervention/service delivery implications of these differences...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742410/content-analysis-of-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-drinking-among-individuals-with-the-lived-experience-of-homelessness-and-alcohol-use-disorders
#8
Susan E Collins, Emily Taylor, Connor Jones, Laura Haelsig, Véronique S Grazioli, Jessica L Mackelprang, Jessica Holttum, Molly Koker, Alyssa Hatsukami, Madeline Baker, Seema L Clifasefi
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are more prevalent among people who are homeless than in the general population. Thus, homeless individuals experience disproportionately high levels of alcohol-related problems and associated publicly funded criminal justice and healthcare system utilization. Available treatment services, however, are not effective at engaging and treating this population. To better tailor treatment services to their needs, it is imperative we understand this population's perceptions of their alcohol use...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742382/occurrence-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-listeria-species-and-staphylococcus-aureus-in-cattle-slaughterhouses-of-kerala-south-india
#9
Tanuja K G M Gowda, Latha C, Sunil B, Inge Van Damme
A total of 765 samples were collected from beef carcasses, knives, cutting table surfaces, beef, hands, air, and water from four cattle slaughterhouses of Kerala, South India, to determine the occurrence and antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria species and Staphylococcus aureus. Listeria spp. were isolated from beef carcasses (2.0%), knives (3.7%), cutting table surfaces (1.9%), beef (0.7%), and water (1.3%). The identified species were Listeria monocytogenes (0.1%), Listeria innocua (0.9%), and Listeria ivanovii (0...
July 25, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742315/w%C3%A5-adys%C3%A5-aw-biega%C3%A5-ski-md-1857-1917
#10
Hanna Stypułkowska-Misiurewicz
Dr W. Biegański was an eminent doctor of internal medicine mostly the acute infectious diseases and tuberculosis, he was scientist doing the research on the origin of the diseases and on the medical ethics, but more he was also a social activist taking care on the public health of the society in his time still living under the Russian rule. W. Biegański living on the XIX/XX century in small provincial town, grace to his knowledge, self education and energy created the important scientific center in the municipal small hospital...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742287/quality-of-life-of-intermittent-urinary-catheterization-users-and-their-caregivers-a-scoping-review
#11
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Fernando Manuel Dias Henriques, Daniela Cardoso, Manuel Alves Rodrigues
AIMS: This study aimed to examine and map the scientific evidences regarding quality of life in neurogenic bladder patients and consequently their caregivers by means of a scoping review. DESIGN: This is a scoping review proposal of the Joanna Briggs Institute. METHODS: It was conducted to examine and map the scientific evidences about quality of life (QoL) in neurogenic bladder patients and their caregivers, to identify the meanings attributed to QoL and its relation with intermittent urinary catheterization...
August 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742281/structured-identification-of-response-options-to-address-environmental-health-risks-at-the-agbogbloshie-electronic-waste-site
#12
Danielle Cazabon, Julius N Fobil, George Essegbey, Niladri Basu
Electronic waste (E-waste) is a growing problem across low- and middle-income countries. Agbogbloshie (Accra, Ghana) is among the world's largest and most notorious e-waste sites, with an increasing number of studies documenting a range of environmental health risks. This study aimed to provide national, regional, and international stakeholders with a summary of expert opinion on the most pressing problems arising from e-waste activities at Agbogbloshie, as well as suggested solutions to address these problems...
July 25, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742094/epidemiology-clinical-features-and-risk-factors-for-human-rabies-and-animal-bites-during-an-outbreak-of-rabies-in-maputo-and-matola-cities-mozambique-2014-implications-for-public-health-interventions-for-rabies-control
#13
Cristolde Salomão, Amílcar Nacima, Lutero Cuamba, Lorna Gujral, Olga Amiel, Cynthia Baltazar, Julie Cliff, Eduardo Samo Gudo
BACKGROUND: In Mozambique, the majority of rabies outbreaks are unreported and data on the epidemiological features of human rabies and animal bites are scarce. An outbreak of human rabies in adjacent Maputo and Matola cities in 2014 prompted us to investigate the epidemiology, clinical features and risk factors of human rabies and animal bites in the two cities. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We reviewed cases of human rabies and animal bites from April to July 2014, and carried out a community investigation in July and August in the neighborhoods where cases of human rabies resided...
July 24, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741905/preventing-childhood-obesity-in-latin-america-an-agenda-for-regional-research-and-strategic-partnerships
#14
B Caballero, S Vorkoper, N Anand, J A Rivera
The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity in Latin America poses a major public health challenge to the region. In response, many countries are implementing obesity prevention programmes aimed at modifying known risk factors. However, the limited scientific evidence inhibits the development and implementation of novel, effective interventions across the region. To address these gaps, the NIH Fogarty International Center convened a workshop of researchers, policymakers, programme implementers and public health advocates who are actively engaged in the region to prevent childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741872/breast-disease-in-men-in-metropolitan-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#15
Renata Thaís de Almeida Barbosa, Maria Auxiliadora F Vertamatti, Claudia Arab, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Ricardo Lencioni Mazzei, Ivo Carelli Filho, Ricardo Faure, Izabella Brandão Mendes, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
Although rare, breast cancer in males represents 1% of all cancer in men, and has shown increasing incidence in 25 years. To analyze age, gender, type of procedure performed and diagnosis of all cases of breast diseases in a public hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil, with special focus on men. Cross-sectional study of breast surgery in 2010-2014 at Hospital Municipal Universitario de Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brazil. In the period 999 breast surgery were carried out. Patients with benign diseases were about 30 years old and patients with malignant diseases were over 50...
July 25, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741846/confinement-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-artificial-enzyme-based-hollow-structure-for-eliminating-photocatalytic-adverse-effect-of-uv-filters
#16
Enguo Ju, Kai Dong, Zhenzhen Wang, Yan Zhang, Fangfang Cao, Zhaowei Chen, Fang Pu, Jinsong Ren, Xiaogang Qu
Skin cancers caused by UV irradiation have been a major public health problem. One simple and effective way to avoid the above detrimental effects is the use of UV-protective sunscreens. However, there has been considerable concern with the issue of production of reactive oxygen species by the photo-degradation of commercial UV filters. Herein, we reported for the first time that the integration of ZnO nanoparticles and CeOx nanoparticles into hollow microspheres (ZnO/CeOx HMS) could provide broad UV spectrum protection and scavenge generated ROS under UV irradiation...
July 25, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741616/rural-and-urban-residence-during-early-life-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-population-based-inception-and-birth-cohort-study
#17
Eric I Benchimol, Gilaad G Kaplan, Anthony R Otley, Geoffrey C Nguyen, Fox E Underwood, Astrid Guttmann, Jennifer L Jones, Beth K Potter, Christina A Catley, Zoann J Nugent, Yunsong Cui, Divine Tanyingoh, Nassim Mojaverian, Alain Bitton, Matthew W Carroll, Jennifer deBruyn, Trevor J B Dummer, Wael El-Matary, Anne M Griffiths, Kevan Jacobson, M Ellen Kuenzig, Desmond Leddin, Lisa M Lix, David R Mack, Sanjay K Murthy, Juan Nicolás Peña Sánchez, Harminder Singh, Laura E Targownik, Maria Vutcovici, Charles N Bernstein
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and rural/urban household at the time of diagnosis, or within the first 5 years (y) of life. METHODS: Population-based cohorts of residents of four Canadian provinces were created using health administrative data. Rural/urban status was derived from postal codes based on population density and distance to metropolitan areas. Validated algorithms identified all incident IBD cases from administrative data (Alberta: 1999-2008, Manitoba and Ontario: 1999-2010, and Nova Scotia: 2000-2008)...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741465/engineering-of-chimeric-protein-based-on-e-protein-domain-iii-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-and-ompf-porin-of-yersinia-pseudotuberculosis
#18
Anna M Stenkova, Natalia S Chopenko, Ludmila A Davydova, Andrey N Mazeika, Evgeniya P Bystritskaya, Olga Y Portnyagina, Stanislav D Anastyuk, Dmitrii S Kulbatskii, Ekaterina N Lyukmanova, Dmitriy A Dolgikh, Eduard Y Kostetsky, Nina M Sanina
Tick-borne encephalitis poses a serious public health threat in the endemic regions. The disease treatment is restricted to symptomatic therapy, so great expectations are in the development of the prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines. The domain III of E protein of the tick-borne encephalitis virus is the main antigenic domain which includes virus-specific epitopes recognized by neutralizing antibodies. We have expressed, isolated and characterized the chimeric protein based on the fusion of domain III of E protein of the tick-borne encephalitis virus and bacterial porin OmpF from Yersinia pseudotuberculosis...
July 24, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741363/bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-intraluminal-migration-of-the-abdominal-wall-mesh
#19
Ana Soto Sánchez, Juan Manuel Sánchez González, Luisa Gambra Michel
Eventration is an important public health problem due to its high incidence of around 12-15% in all laparotomies performed. The repair of an eventration has a 5-15% risk of complications. In recent years, the repair with prosthetic material has resulted in additional complications.
July 25, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741204/remarks-on-the-current-quality-of-groundwater-in-vietnam
#20
EDITORIAL
Tran Le Luu
This paper reviews the current quality of groundwater in Vietnam. In Vietnam, groundwater is obtained primarily from tubewells, which have high concentrations of pollutants such as As, Fe, Mn, and NH4(+). In the areas where groundwater tests were conducted, arsenic levels ranged from 0.1-3050 μg/L, which substantially exceed the standard of 10 μg/L which has been established by the WHO. Contamination sources are distributed over a large area from the Red River Delta in the north to the Mekong River Delta in the south, putting as many as ten million people at risk of adverse health effects...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
keyword
keyword
1444
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"