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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227536/a-pilot-study-on-the-neurometric-evaluation-of-effective-and-ineffective-antismoking-public-service-announcements
#1
Giulia Cartocci, Enrica Modica, Dario Rossi, Anton Giulio Maglione, Isotta Venuti, Giulia Rossi, Elena Corsi, Fabio Babiloni, Giulia Cartocci, Enrica Modica, Dario Rossi, Anton Giulio Maglione, Isotta Venuti, Giulia Rossi, Elena Corsi, Fabio Babiloni, Enrica Modica, Isotta Venuti, Giulia Rossi, Fabio Babiloni, Anton Giulio Maglione, Dario Rossi, Elena Corsi, Giulia Cartocci
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death and smoking-related illness worldwide. Research has shown that antismoking advertising may help reduce this habit. Nowadays, public service announcements (PSAs) are considered "Effective" or "Ineffective" on the base of official reports concerning behavioral/attitudinal changes toward healthier patterns and health-related savings following the exposure to the PSA. In this pilot study, we described the results of the use of three neurometric indexes for the evaluation of the efficacy of a couple of antismoking PSAs in a reduced sample of voluntary participants...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227470/status-and-solutions-to-medical-device-regulations-for-improving-the-healthcare-landscape-in-africa
#2
A Lissel, F Ottenberg, B R Bracio, A Ravizza, C De Maria, A Ahluwalia, L Di Pietro, P Trommler, A Lissel, F Ottenberg, B R Bracio, A Ravizza, C De Maria, A Ahluwalia, L Di Pietro, P Trommler, C De Maria, A Ahluwalia, L Di Pietro, A Ravizza, P Trommler, A Lissel, F Ottenberg, B R Bracio
For different reasons most African countries have a poor public healthcare system compared to developed countries. Despite an increasing number of patients they often lack skilled health workers as well as basic medical equipment. This paper focuses on the development of an affordable and sustainable system for medical device regulations to provide safe, effective and quality healthcare products for Africa. Furthermore, it is determined whether Open Source Medical Devices are an effective alternative for medical device regulations to increase innovations in Africa...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227469/building-a-more-diverse-biomedical-engineering-workforce-biomedical-engineering-at-the-university-of-the-district-of-columbia-a-historically-black-college-university
#3
Lara A Thompson, A Segun Adebayo, Nian Zhang, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Devdas Shetty, Lara A Thompson, A Segun Adebayo, Nian Zhang, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Devdas Shetty, A Segun Adebayo, Sasan Haghani, Kathleen Dowell, Lara A Thompson, Devdas Shetty, Nian Zhang
Biomedical Engineering (BME) is a new, multidisciplinary, and rapidly growing field, however, the BME Workforce suffers from limited ethnic and gender diversity. Despite the demand and growth of this new field due to its public health importance, only 4 out of the 107 Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) nationwide offers a Bachelor's of Science (B.S.) in Bio-Engineering related fields. In order to contribute to a growing BME Workforce, HBCUs need to react and offer more degree-programs relevant to BME...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227426/characterization-of-patient-specific-biventricular-mechanics-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-hyperelastic-warping
#4
Hua Zou, Xiaodan Zhao, Xi Ce, Lik Chuan Lee, Martin Genet, Yi Su, Rusan Tan, Liang Zhong, Hua Zou, Xiaodan Zhao, Xi Ce, Lik Chuan Lee, Martin Genet, Yi Su, Rusan Tan, Liang Zhong, Rusan Tan, Martin Genet, Hua Zou, Lik Chuan Lee, Yi Su, Liang Zhong, Xiaodan Zhao, Xi Ce
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is considered as a major public health problem. Traditionally, HFPEF is diagnosed based on a "normal" EF, but the studies have explored the potential role of left ventricular mechanics. Furthermore, right ventricular mechanics and bi-ventricular interaction in HFPEF is currently not well understood. In this study, we aim to develop a framework using a hyperelastic warping approach to quantify bi-ventricular and septum strains from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) images...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227254/a-data-science-approach-for-quantifying-spatio-temporal-effects-to-graft-failures-in-organ-transplantation
#5
Diego Pinheiro, Farag Hamad, Martin Cadeiras, Ronaldo Menezes, Nezamoddin Nezamoddini-Kachouie, Diego Pinheiro, Farag Hamad, Martin Cadeiras, Ronaldo Menezes, Nezamoddin Nezamoddini-Kachouie, Farag Hamad, Martin Cadeiras, Diego Pinheiro, Ronaldo Menezes, Nezamoddin Nezamoddini-Kachouie
The transplantation of solid organs is one of the most important accomplishments of modern medicine. Yet, organ shortage is a major public health issue; 8,000 people died while waiting for an organ in 2014. Meanwhile, the allocation system currently implemented can lead to organs being discarded and the medical community still investigates factors that affects early graft failure such as distance and ischemic time. In this paper, we investigate early graft failure under a spatio-temporal perspective using a data science unified approach for all six organs that is based on complementary cumulative analysis of both distance and ischemic time...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226792/steady-state-visual-evoked-potential-based-brain-computer-interface-for-cognitive-assessment
#6
Nicolai Westergren, Rasmus L Bendtsen, Troels W Kjaer, Carsten E Thomsen, S Puthusserypady, Helge B D Sorensen, Nicolai Westergren, Rasmus L Bendtsen, Troels W Kjaer, Carsten E Thomsen, S Puthusserypady, Helge B D Sorensen, Troels W Kjaer, Nicolai Westergren, Carsten E Thomsen, Helge B D Sorensen, Rasmus L Bendtsen, S Puthusserypady
Cognitive assessment is of growing importance, with the general population getting older and a rapidly growing incidence of dementia, which is a major public health issue. Treatment of dementia must, to be most effective, start early in the disease process. Thus, early detection of cognitive decline is important. Cognitive decline may be detected using fully-automated computerized assessment. Such systems will provide inexpensive and widely available screenings of cognitive ability. The aim of this pilot study is to develop a real time steady state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) based brain-computer interface (BCI) for neurological cognitive assessment...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226433/preliminary-results-of-residual-deficits-observed-in-athletes-with-concussion-history-combined-eeg-and-cognitive-study
#7
Tamanna T K Munia, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Ajay K Verma, Benjamin D Johnson, Mark Romanick, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Reza Fazel-Rezai, Tamanna T K Munia, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Ajay K Verma, Benjamin D Johnson, Mark Romanick, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Reza Fazel-Rezai, Reza Fazel-Rezai, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Benjamin D Johnson, Tamanna T K Munia, Ajay K Verma, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Mark Romanick
Assessment, treatment, and management of sport-related concussions are a widely recognized public health issue. Although several neuropsychological and motor assessment tools have been developed and implemented for sports teams at various levels and ages, the sensitivity of these tests has yet to be validated with more objective measures to make return-to-play (RTP) decisions more confidently. The present study sought to analyze the residual effect of concussions on a sample of adolescent athletes who sustained one or more previous concussions compared to those who had no concussion history...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226416/the-contribution-of-the-emergency-department-to-opioid-pain-reliever-misuse-and-diversion-a-critical-review
#8
REVIEW
Tatyana Lyapustina, Renan Castillo, Elise Omaki, Wendy Shields, Eileen McDonald, Richard Rothman, Andrea Gielen
Prescription opioid pain reliever (OPR) misuse and diversion is an important and growing public health problem in the United States that is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. Emergency physicians are among the top prescribers of OPRs, yet the relative contribution of emergency department (ED) OPR prescriptions to the overall opioid abuse epidemic remains unclear. This study critically reviews seven peer-reviewed studies that specifically identified the ED as a source of OPRs. Of the OPRs prescribed in the ED, approximately 10% are associated with indicators of inappropriate prescribing, and approximately 42% may ultimately be misused; of the OPRs that are diverted, approximately 10% originate from an ED prescription...
February 22, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226384/-the-use-of-nudging-for-primary-prevention-a-review-and-perspectives-for-germany
#9
Mathias Krisam, Peter von Philipsborn, Björn Meder
Nudging as a means of influencing human behaviour has received increasing attention by policy makers, including those in the field of public health. Nudges are generally understood as specific aspects of a choice architecture that make certain behaviours more likely to occur without mandating them through binding rules, and without relying on economic incentives. Following the example of the United States and Great Britain, the German government has established a working group tasked with advising the federal government on the use of nudging and other behavioural interventions in policy making...
February 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226360/-research-progress-of-peripheral-blood-count-test-in-the-evaluation-of-prognosis-of-gastric-cancer
#10
Zhengshui Xu, Hua Cheng
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common tumor in the world, and remains a major public health problem and one of the leading causes of death. Recently many researches have demonstrated that systemic inflammatory response is associated with prognosis and response to therapy in gastric cancer, and the peripheral blood count test can partly reflect the systemic inflammatory response. Based on the peripheral blood count test, there are a lot of research regarding the relation between the platelet count (PLT), neutrophil, lymphocyte, white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio(NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) with their prognostic role in gastric cancer...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226336/educational-outreach-to-opioid-prescribers-the-case-for-academic-detailing
#11
Margot Trotter Davis, Brian Bateman, Jerry Avorn
Nonmedical use of opioid medications constitutes a serious health threat as the rates of addiction, overdoses, and deaths have risen in recent years. Increasingly, inappropriate and excessively liberal prescribing of opioids by physicians is understood to be a central part of the crisis. Public health officials, hospital systems, and legislators are developing programs and regulations to address the problem in sustained and systematic ways that both insures effective treatment of pain and appropriate limits on the availability of opioids...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226303/got-yoga-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-thematic-content-and-models-appearance-related-attributes-in-advertisements-spanning-four-decades-of-yoga-journal
#12
Erin Vinoski, Jennifer B Webb, Jan Warren-Findlow, Kirstyn A Brewer, Katheryn A Kiffmeyer
Yoga has become an increasingly common health practice among U.S. adults over the past decade. With this growth in popularity, yoga-related print media have been criticized for shifting away from yoga's traditional philosophies and promoting a thin, lean ideal physique representing the "yoga body." The purpose of this study was to (a) analyze the presence and content of advertisements over the 40-year publication history of Yoga Journal magazine and (b) explore female advertisement models' socio-demographic and appearance-related attributes over time...
February 16, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226273/acute-respiratory-infections-among-returning-hajj-pilgrims-jordan-2014
#13
Mohammad Mousa Al-Abdallat, Brian Rha, Sultan Alqasrawi, Daniel C Payne, Ibrahim Iblan, Alison M Binder, Aktham Haddadin, Mohannad Al Nsour, Tarek Alsanouri, Jawad Mofleh, Brett Whitaker, Stephen L Lindstrom, Suxiang Tong, Sami Sheikh Ali, Rebecca Moritz Dahl, LaShondra Berman, Jing Zhang, Dean D Erdman, Susan I Gerber
BACKGROUND: The emergence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) has prompted enhanced surveillance for respiratory infections among pilgrims returning from the Hajj, one of the largest annual mass gatherings in the world. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology and etiologies of respiratory illnesses among pilgrims returning to Jordan after the 2014 Hajj. STUDY DESIGN: Surveillance for respiratory illness among pilgrims returning to Jordan after the 2014 Hajj was conducted at sentinel health care facilities using epidemiologic surveys and molecular diagnostic testing of upper respiratory specimens for multiple respiratory pathogens, including MERS-CoV...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226261/effectiveness-of-public-health-messaging-and-communication-channels-during-smoke-events-a-rapid-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer A Fish, Micah D J Peters, Imogen Ramsey, Greg Sharplin, Nadia Corsini, Marion Eckert
Exposure to smoke emitted from wildfire and planned burns (i.e., smoke events) has been associated with numerous negative health outcomes, including respiratory symptoms and conditions. This rapid review investigates recent evidence (post-2009) regarding the effectiveness of public health messaging during smoke events. The objectives were to determine the effectiveness of various communication channels used and public health messages disseminated during smoke events, for general and at-risk populations. A search of 12 databases and grey literature yielded 1775 unique articles, of which 10 were included in this review...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226252/linkage-of-traffic-crash-and-hospitalization-records-with-limited-identifiers-for-enhanced-public-health-surveillance
#15
Sarah Conderino, Lawrence Fung, Slavenka Sedlar, Jennifer M Norton
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle traffic (MVT) crashes kill or seriously injure approximately 4250 people in New York City (NYC) each year. Traditionally, NYC surveillance practices use hospitalization and crash data separately to monitor trends in MVT-related injuries, but key information linking crash circumstances to health outcomes is lost when analyzing these data sources in isolation. Our objective was to match crash reports to hospitalization records to create a traffic injury surveillance dataset that can be used to describe crash circumstances and related injury outcomes...
February 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226229/a-perspective-on-the-role-of-computational-models-in-immunology
#16
Arup K Chakraborty
This is an exciting time for immunology because the future promises to be replete with exciting new discoveries that can be translated to improve health and treat disease in novel ways. Immunologists are attempting to answer increasingly complex questions concerning phenomena that range from the genetic, molecular, and cellular scales to that of organs, whole animals or humans, and populations of humans and pathogens. An important goal is to understand how the many different components involved interact with each other within and across these scales for immune responses to emerge, and how aberrant regulation of these processes causes disease...
February 6, 2017: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226226/microglia-function-in-the-central-nervous-system-during-health-and-neurodegeneration
#17
Marco Colonna, Oleg Butovsky
Microglia are resident cells of the brain that regulate brain development, maintenance of neuronal networks, and injury repair. Microglia serve as brain macrophages but are distinct from other tissue macrophages owing to their unique homeostatic phenotype and tight regulation by the central nervous system (CNS) microenvironment. They are responsible for the elimination of microbes, dead cells, redundant synapses, protein aggregates, and other particulate and soluble antigens that may endanger the CNS. Furthermore, as the primary source of proinflammatory cytokines, microglia are pivotal mediators of neuroinflammation and can induce or modulate a broad spectrum of cellular responses...
February 9, 2017: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226218/assessing-cartilage-biomechanical-properties-techniques-for-evaluating-the-functional-performance-of-cartilage-in-health-and-disease
#18
Benjamin A Lakin, Brian D Snyder, Mark W Grinstaff
Osteoarthritis (OA) affects millions of people and results in weakened hyaline cartilage due to overloading. During joint articulation, hyaline cartilage must withstand high loads while maintaining low friction to prevent wear and tissue loss. Thus, cartilage compressive stiffness and the coefficient of friction are important indicators of the tissue's functional performance. These mechanical properties are often measured ex vivo using mechanical testing regimens, but arthroscopic handheld probes (e.g., for indentation testing, ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography) and noninvasive imaging modalities (e...
February 2, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226217/sulfation-of-glycosaminoglycans-and-its-implications-in-human-health-and-disorders
#19
Diana Soares da Costa, Rui L Reis, Iva Pashkuleva
Sulfation is a dynamic and complex posttranslational modification process. It can occur at various positions within the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) backbone and modulates extracellular signals such as cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions; different sulfation patterns have been identified for the same organs and cells during their development. Because of their high specificity in relation to function,GAGsulfation patterns are referred to as the sulfation code. This review explores the role of GAG sulfation in different biological processes at the cell, tissue, and organism levels...
February 2, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226200/effectiveness-of-group-based-self-management-education-for-individuals-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-meta-regression
#20
K Odgers-Jewell, L E Ball, J T Kelly, E A Isenring, D P Reidlinger, R Thomas
AIMS: Patient education for the management of Type 2 diabetes can be delivered in various forms, with the goal of promoting and supporting positive self-management behaviours. This systematic review aimed to determine the effectiveness of group-based interventions compared with individual interventions or usual care for improving clinical, lifestyle and psychosocial outcomes in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Six electronic databases were searched. Group-based education programmes for adults with Type 2 diabetes that measured HbA1c and followed participants for ≥ 6 months were included...
February 22, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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