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Immune globulin treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446185/chart-validation-of-inpatient-icd-9-cm-administrative-diagnosis-codes-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-ami-among-intravenous-immune-globulin-igiv-users-in-the-sentinel-distributed-database
#1
Eric M Ammann, Marin L Schweizer, Jennifer G Robinson, Jayasheel O Eschol, Rami Kafa, Saket Girotra, Scott K Winiecki, Candace C Fuller, Ryan M Carnahan, Charles E Leonard, Cole Haskins, Crystal Garcia, Elizabeth A Chrischilles
BACKGROUND: The Sentinel Distributed Database (SDD) is a large database of patient-level administrative health care records, primarily derived from insurance claims and electronic health records, and is sponsored by the US Food and Drug Administration for medical product safety evaluations. Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common study endpoint for drug safety studies that rely on health records from the SDD and other administrative databases. PURPOSE: In this chart validation study, we report on the positive predictive value (PPV) of inpatient International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification AMI administrative diagnosis codes (410...
February 15, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399100/effect-of-hbig-combined-with-hepatitis-b-vaccine-on-blocking-hbv-transmission-between-mother-and-infant-and-its-effect-on-immune-cells
#2
Junling Gong, Xing Liu
The effect of hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) combined with hepatitis B vaccine on blocking hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission between mother and infant and its effect on immune cells were studied. Ninety newborn infants confirmed to be HBV surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive were divided equally into three groups. Group A newborns received the hepatitis B vaccine at 0, 1 and 6 months after birth (10 µg/time). Group B newborns received an intramuscular injection of 100 IU HBIG 2 h after birth before the same treatment as group A...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391076/gamunex%C3%A2-in-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-a-postmarketing-retrospective-observational-study
#3
Zaeem A Siddiqi, Kecia Courtney, Kim Hanna, Elsa Mondou, Vera Bril
BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Gamunex® (immune globulin [human] 10%; hereinafter "Gamunex") when administered intravenously in the initial treatment of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). The study was conducted as a postapproval commitment for Health Canada. METHODS: A medical chart review for hospitalized patients diagnosed with GBS and treated with Gamunex (Gamunex 10% and IGIVnex® 10%; N=109; n=69 evaluable) was conducted at seven Canadian study centers in reverse chronological order...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384925/chart-validation-of-inpatient-icd-9-cm-administrative-diagnosis-codes-for-ischemic-stroke-among-igiv-users-in-the-sentinel-distributed-database
#4
Eric M Ammann, Enrique C Leira, Scott K Winiecki, Nandakumar Nagaraja, Sudeepta Dandapat, Ryan M Carnahan, Marin L Schweizer, James C Torner, Candace C Fuller, Charles E Leonard, Crystal Garcia, Madelyn Pimentel, Elizabeth A Chrischilles
The Sentinel Distributed Database (SDD) is a large database of patient-level medical and prescription records, primarily derived from insurance claims and electronic health records, and is sponsored by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for drug safety assessments. In this chart validation study, we report on the positive predictive value (PPV) of inpatient ICD-9-CM acute ischemic stroke (AIS) administrative diagnosis codes (433.x1, 434.xx, and 436) in the SDD.As part of an assessment of the risk of thromboembolic adverse events following treatment with intravenous immune globulin (IGIV), charts were obtained for 131 potential post-IGIV AIS cases...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330815/supplementing-dietary-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-powder-and-vitamin-e-in-broiler-chickens-evaluation-of-humoral-immune-response-lymphoid-organs-and-blood-proteins
#5
Hossein Rostami, Alireza Seidavi, Mohammad Dadashbeiki, Yadollah Asadpour, João Simões, Assar Ali Shah, Vito Laudadio, Caterina Losacco, Antonella Perillo, Vincenzo Tufarelli
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) powder (RP) and vitamin E (VE) at different levels on humoral immunity of broilers during a 42-day production cycle. A total of 270 1-day-old male chicks were assigned to nine groups with three replicates of ten birds each, and diets were supplemented with 0, 0.5, or 1.0% RP and 0, 100, or 200 mg/kg VE, respectively. Commercial-inactivated vaccines against avian influenza (AI) and Newcastle disease (ND) viruses, and living infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) vaccine were administered by spray method...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325970/the-role-of-adjuvant-immunomodulatory-agents-for-treatment-of-severe-influenza
#6
REVIEW
David S Hui, Nelson Lee, Paul K Chan, John H Beigel
A severe inflammatory immune response with hypercytokinemia occurs in patients hospitalized with severe influenza, such as avian influenza A(H5N1), A(H7N9), and seasonal A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infections. The role of immunomodulatory therapy is unclear as there have been limited published data based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Passive immunotherapy such as convalescent plasma and hyperimmune globulin have some studies demonstrating benefit when administered as an adjunctive therapy for severe influenza...
January 8, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301129/amegakaryocytic-thrombocytopenia-and-subsequent-aplastic-anemia-associated-with-apparent-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#7
Ilana Levy, Ruth Laor, Nizar Jiries, Jacob Bejar, Aaron Polliack, Tamar Tadmor
Acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (AAT), a rare entity characterized by severe thrombocytopenia and the absence of megakaryocytes in the bone marrow, may mimic or precede the diagnosis of aplastic anemia (AA). Here, we describe a patient who presented with apparent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated immune thrombocytopenia resistant to several lines of therapies, which was in fact a form of AAT with some features of AA. He eventually responded to therapy with eltrombopag, cyclosporine A (CSA), and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and recovered completely...
January 5, 2018: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296761/alternative-donor-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#8
Andrew L Gilman, Michael J Eckrich, Stacy Epstein, Carrie Barnhart, Mark Cannon, Tracy Fukes, Michelle Hyland, Krishna Shah, Darci Grochowski, Elizabeth Champion, Anastasia Ivanova
Most patients who could be cured of sickle cell disease (SCD) with stem cell transplantation do not have a matched sibling donor. Successful use of alternative donors, including mismatched family members, could provide a donor for almost all patients with SCD. The use of a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen may decrease late adverse effects. Ten patients with symptomatic SCD underwent CD34+ cell-selected, T-cell-depleted peripheral blood stem cell transplantation from a mismatched family member or unrelated donor...
July 11, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289977/anti-pd-1-induced-high-grade-hepatitis-associated-with-corticosteroid-resistant-t-cells-a-case-report
#9
Helen M McGuire, Elena Shklovskaya, Jarem Edwards, Paul R Trevillian, Geoffrey W McCaughan, Patrick Bertolino, Catriona McKenzie, Ralph Gourlay, Stuart J Gallagher, Barbara Fazekas de St Groth, Peter Hersey
Effective treatment or prevention of immune side effects associated with checkpoint inhibitor therapy of cancer is an important goal in this new era of immunotherapy. Hepatitis due to immunotherapy with antibodies against PD-1 is uncommon and generally of low severity. We present an unusually severe case arising in a melanoma patient after more than 6 months uncomplicated treatment with anti-PD-1 in an adjuvant setting. The hepatitis rapidly developed resistance to high-dose steroids, requiring anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) to achieve control...
December 30, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285129/kushenin-combined-with-adefovir-dipivoxil-affects-the-hbv-dna-load-in-serum-immune-functions-and-liver-functions-of-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#10
Jing Feng, Jiandong Huang, Zhiqin Li
This study aimed to explore the effect of kushenin combined with adefovir dipivoxil on the load of hepatitis B virus DNA (HBV-DNA) in serum, in immune functions and in liver functions of patients with chronic hepatitis B. A sample of 80 patients with chronic hepatitis B was selected who were admitted to Weifang People's Hospital for treatment between January, 2013 and December, 2015. They were divided into the observation group (n=40) and the control group (n=40). The patients in both groups received adefovir dipivoxil, while those in the observation group additionally received the kushenin...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245365/teratoma-associated-anti-nmdar-encephalitis-two-cases-report-and-literature-review
#11
Zhigang Liang, Shaowan Yang, Xuwen Sun, Bing Li, Wei Li, Zhuli Liu, Guoping Yu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to discuss the pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, diagnosis, and treatment of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. CASE REPORT: The diagnosis and treatment of 2 cases with teratoma-associated anti-NMDAR encephalitis were summarized and the clinical data of patients reported by domestic and international studies were reviewed in this study. The 2 cases were both adolescent females who showed mental abnormalities as their main clinical manifestation...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231470/-impacts-of-mild-moxibustion-on-immune-indices-and-nailfold-microcirculation-in-the-subhealthy-group
#12
Lu He, Chunhua Wang, Ling Hu, Feng Hao, Zijian Wu, Ronglin Cai, Jie Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in the clinical therapeutic effects of the regulation of subhealthy condition between the mild moxibustion on alternate days and Chinese herbal medicine. METHODS: Seventy-two participants of subhealthy condition were assigned into a mild moxibustion group (36 cases) and a medication group (36 cases) according to random number table. In the mild moxibustion group, the intervention of mild moxibustion with moxa stick was applied to Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), once every other day...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229452/efficacy-of-human-botulism-immune-globulin-for-the-treatment-of-infant-botulism-the-first-12-years-post-licensure
#13
Jessica R Payne, Jessica M Khouri, Nicholas P Jewell, Stephen S Arnon
OBJECTIVES: To report the efficacy of Human Botulism Immune Globulin Intravenous (BIG-IV) in the first 12 years following its licensure in 2003 and to characterize its use nationwide in treating patients with infant botulism. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records and billing information were collected for US patients treated with BIG-IV from 2003 to 2015. Length of hospital stay (LOS) and hospital charge information for treated patients were compared with the BIG-IV Pivotal Clinical Trial Placebo Group to quantify decreases in LOS and hospital charges...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187875/prognostic-effect-of-albumin-to-globulin-ratio-in-patients-with-solid-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jiaxi He, Hui Pan, Wenhua Liang, Dakai Xiao, Xuewei Chen, Minzhang Guo, Jianxing He
Background: Albumin and globulin are main components of serum protein. The level of albumin and globulin partially represents the nutrition status and immune system. Albumin-to-globulin ratio (AGR) has been reported as a prognostic factor in various cancers. We therefore performed a meta-analysis to elucidate the prognosis effect of AGR on survival outcomes in solid tumors. Method: Six electronic database were searched for the relevant articles that assessing the prognostic value of pre-treatment AGR in solid tumor patients...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186076/the-role-of-anti-thymocyte-globulin-or-alemtuzumab-based-serotherapy-in-the-prophylaxis-and-management-of-graft-versus-host-disease
#15
REVIEW
Robert Ali, Jeremy Ramdial, Sandra Algaze, Amer Beitinjaneh
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant is an established treatment modality for hematologic and non-hematologic diseases. However, it is associated with acute and long-term sequelae which can translate into mortality. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a glaring obstacle, especially with the advent of reduced-intensity conditioning. Serotherapy capitalizes on antibodies which target T cells and other immune cells to mitigate this effect. This article focuses on the utility of two such agents: anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) and alemtuzumab...
November 29, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183643/selective-targeting-of-pro-inflammatory-th1-cells-by-microrna-148a-specific-antagomirs-in%C3%A2-vivo
#16
Patrick Maschmeyer, Georg Petkau, Francesco Siracusa, Jakob Zimmermann, Franziska Zügel, Anja Andrea Kühl, Katrin Lehmann, Sarah Schimmelpfennig, Melanie Weber, Claudia Haftmann, René Riedel, Markus Bardua, Gitta Anne Heinz, Cam Loan Tran, Bimba Franziska Hoyer, Falk Hiepe, Sebastian Herzog, Jürgen Wittmann, Nikolaus Rajewsky, Fritz Georg Melchers, Hyun-Dong Chang, Andreas Radbruch, Mir-Farzin Mashreghi
In T lymphocytes, expression of miR-148a is induced by T-bet and Twist1, and is specific for pro-inflammatory Th1 cells. In these cells, miR-148a inhibits the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bim and promotes their survival. Here we use sequence-specific cholesterol-modified oligonucleotides against miR-148a (antagomir-148a) for the selective elimination of pro-inflammatory Th1 cells in vivo. In the murine model of transfer colitis, antagomir-148a treatment reduced the number of pro-inflammatory Th1 cells in the colon of colitic mice by 50% and inhibited miR-148a expression by 71% in the remaining Th1 cells...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180294/homeopathic-treatment-as-an-alternative-prophylactic-to-minimize-bacterial-infection-and-prevent-neonatal-diarrhea-in-calves
#17
Bruno F Fortuoso, Andreia Volpato, Luana Rampazzo, Patrícia Glombowsky, Luiz Gustavo Griss, Gabriela M Galli, Lenita M Stefani, Matheus D Baldissera, Emanuel B Ferreira, Gustavo Machado, Aleksandro S da Silva
Bovine neonatal diarrhea is common due low immunity in newborn calves, poor management (or absence) of sanitary barriers, and other factors. Newborn calves with diarrhea in the first days of life suffer failure to thrive and may die if left untreated. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether prophylactic administration of a homeopathic product (Dia 100®) can control bovine neonatal diarrhea in calves born on a farm with substantial sanitary challenges. We counted total bacteria and protozoan parasites in fecal samples...
November 24, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172399/methylprednisolone-versus-intravenous-immune-globulin-as-an-initial-therapy-in-adult-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia
#18
Chul Hee Kim, Yoon Seok Choi, Ji Young Moon, Duck Yong Kim, So Yeon Lee, Hyo Jin Lee, Hwan Jung Yun, Samyong Kim, Deog Yeon Jo, Ik Chan Song
Background/Aims: Few studies have addressed whether there are differences in clinical efficacy between intravenous methylprednisolone (methyl-Pd) and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) use. Methods: We retrospectively compared platelet responses and toxicities associated with these two treatments in adult patients with immune thrombocytopenia. Patients received intravenous methyl-Pd therapy followed by oral prednisolone (Pd) from 1993 to 2002 and IVIg together with oral Pd from 2003 to 2008...
November 27, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147612/low-dose-post-transplant-cyclophosphamide-can-mitigate-gvhd-and-enhance-the-g-csf-atg-induced-gvhd-protective-activity-and-improve-haploidentical-transplant-outcomes
#19
Yu Wang, Ying-Jun Chang, Lu Chen, Lan-Ping Xu, Zhi-Lei Bian, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Chen-Hua Yan, Kai-Yan Liu, Xiao-Jun Huang
Use of high-dose, post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) results in low rates of graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) and favorable immune reconstitution, although with higher rates of relapse and somewhat high rates of graft failure. We hypothesized that permissible dose reduction of PTCy might be feasible. The current study attempts to establish a murine model and focus on regulatory T cells (Tregs) to clarify the immunological mechanisms for GVHD prevention by low-dose PTCy. In addition, a prospective, clinical cohort study in haploidentical, T-cell replete transplantation is initiated to support the rational...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062199/immunological-and-histopathological-changes-in-sheep-affected-with-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-treated-immunotherapeutically
#20
Faten A M Abo-Aziza, A A Zaki, A El-Shemy, Sahar S Abd Elhalem, Amany S Amer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recently, it has been recorded unexpected percentage of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) in sheep. Despite the improvement in surgical treatment, the outcome of animals remains limited by metastatic relapse. Although antibodies for cancer treatment have been practiced for many decades, the use of this methodology in animals is deficient. This study aimed to establish cSCC therapy by tumor cell protein antibody (Ab1) or secondary antibody (Ab2) raised by two series of immunization in the same strain of rabbits...
September 2017: Veterinary World
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