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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632113/paracandidimonas-soli-gen-nov-sp-nov-isolated-from-soil
#1
Peter Kämpfer, Hans-Jürgen Busse, John A McInroy, Stefanie P Glaeser
A slightly yellow-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, strain IMT-305T, was isolated from soil in Alabama, USA. Phylogenetic analysis based on the nearly full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence placed the strain in between the genera Pusillimonas, Parapusillimonas and Candidimonas with highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain of Parapusillimonas granuli (97.5 %) and Candidimonas nitroreducens (97.4 %). The genomic G+C content of strain IMT-305T was 63.9 mol%. The main cellular fatty acids were C18:1ω7c, C17:0 cyclo, C16:0 and C16:1ω7c/iso-C15:0 2-OH (detected as summed feature 3)...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626161/morning-and-evening-blood-pressures-are-associated-with-intima-media-thickness-in-a-general-population%C3%A3-the-hisayama-study
#2
Satoko Sakata, Jun Hata, Masayo Fukuhara, Koji Yonemoto, Naoko Mukai, Daigo Yoshida, Hiro Kishimoto, Toshio Ohtsubo, Takanari Kitazono, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya
BACKGROUND: The association of morning and evening home blood pressures (HBPs) with carotid atherosclerosis has been uncertain in general populations, so we aimed to investigate it in a general Japanese population.Methods and Results:We performed a cross-sectional survey of 2,856 community-dwelling individuals aged ≥40 years to examine the association of morning and evening HBPs with carotid mean intima-media thickness (IMT). The age- and sex-adjusted geometric averages of carotid mean IMT increased significantly with increasing morning HBP (optimal: 0...
June 14, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622081/effects-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-professional-women-football-players-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#3
Bruno Archiza, Daniela Kuguimoto Andaku, Flávia Cristina Rossi Caruso, José Carlos Bonjorno, Cláudio Ricardo de Oliveira, Paula Angélica Ricci, André Capaldo do Amaral, Stela Márcia Mattiello, Cleiton Augusto Libardi, Shane A Phillips, Ross Arena, Audrey Borghi-Silva
This study was conducted to determine the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on respiratory and peripheral muscles oxygenation during a maximal exercise tolerance test and on repeated-sprint ability (RSA) performance in professional women football players. Eighteen athletes were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: SHAM (n = 8) or IMT (n = 10). After a maximal incremental exercise test, all participants performed (on a different day) a time-to-exhaustion (Tlim) test. Peripheral and respiratory muscles oxygenation by near-infrared spectroscopy, breath-by-breath ventilatory and metabolic variables, and blood lactate concentration were measured...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619026/elevated-serum-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-levels-as-an-indicator-of-lower-extremity-atherosclerotic-disease-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Xingxing He, Xiang Hu, Xiaojing Ma, Hang Su, Lingwen Ying, Jiahui Peng, Xiaoping Pan, Yuqian Bao, Jian Zhou, Weiping Jia
BACKGROUND: Recently, basic and clinical studies have provided evidence supporting the relationship between circulating levels of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 and the development of atherosclerosis. Given that diabetes is an established risk factor for lower extremity atherosclerotic disease (LEAD), the goal of the present study was to explore the relationship between serum FGF23 levels and LEAD, as well as the related factors, in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
June 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616825/correlation-of-cardio-metabolic-parameters-with-vitamin-d-status-in-healthy-premenopausal-women
#5
S Giovinazzo, A Alibrandi, A Campennì, F Trimarchi, R M Ruggeri
PURPOSE: Vitamin D has been associated with metabolic disorders and increasing risk of cardiovascular diseases, with conflicting results. Aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship, if any, between cardio-metabolic risk factors and serum 25(OH)D concentrations in healthy women in premenopausal age. METHODS: We enrolled 200 healthy women, aged 19-50 years (mean age ± SD, 38 ± 11 years). In each subject, we measured serum 25(OH)D in relation to metabolic biomarkers and cardiovascular parameters...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614235/pulmonary-spindle-cell-carcinoma-with-unusual-morphology-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Dian-Jun Qi, Bing Liu, Liang Feng, Lin Zhao, Ping Yan, Jiang Du, Qing-Fu Zhang
RATIONALE: Pulmonary spindle cell carcinoma (PSCC) is a highly malignant carcinoma that often exhibits the histopathological characteristic of cell pleomorphism. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a PSCC case in a 59-year-old woman with multiple metastases. The pathological manifestation of this case did not show high-grade pleomorphism or atypia, and was easily mimicked by other borderline or low-grade malignant tumors such as an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT)...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610945/atherosclerosis-associated-with-dynamic-inflammation-changes-after-multifactorial-intervention-in-short-duration-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-10-year-follow-up-trial
#7
Chunhong Shi, Lili Men, Cuiping Yu, Junjie Yao, Ran Bai, Yu Yang, Lipeng Sun, Guohua Sun, Guirong Song, Yuhong Zhang, Qian Xing, Jianling Du
PURPOSE: To analyze the impact of dynamic changes in inflammation on atherosclerosis in short-duration type 2 diabetes after multifactorial intervention. METHODS: In this randomized controlled study, a total of 150 type 2 diabetes patients who had a mean age of 49.8±7.3years, 51% male, with disease duration <1year and without evidence of atherosclerosis were randomized into an intensive intervention group (IG), in which patients received multiple risk factors intervention by the special project team and tried to reach the pre-determined intervention goals, and a conventional group (CG), in which patients received standard diabetes care by the clinic doctor...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609831/impact-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-on-subclinical-carotid-atherosclerosis-a-pooled-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#8
Roberta Lupoli, Andrea Vaccaro, Pasquale Ambrosino, Paolo Poggio, Manuela Amato, Matteo Nicola Dario Di Minno
Context: Vitamin D deficiency patients have an increased cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and carotid plaques are markers of subclinical atherosclerosis and predictors of CV events. Objective: To perform a meta-analysis of studies evaluating the impact of Vitamin D deficiency on common carotid artery IMT (CCA-IMT) and on the prevalence of carotid plaques. Data Sources: Studies were systematically searched in the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and EMBASE databases...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602434/carotid-plaque-thickness-and-common-carotid-imt-show-additive-value-in-cardiovascular-risk-prediction-and-reclassification
#9
Mauro Amato, Fabrizio Veglia, Ulf de Faire, Philippe Giral, Rainer Rauramaa, Andries J Smit, Sudhir Kurl, Alessio Ravani, Beatrice Frigerio, Daniela Sansaro, Alice Bonomi, Calogero C Tedesco, Samuela Castelnuovo, Elmo Mannarino, Steve E Humphries, Anders Hamsten, Elena Tremoli, Damiano Baldassarre
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Carotid plaque size and the mean common carotid intima-media thickness measured in plaque-free areas (PF CC-IMTmean) have been identified as predictors of vascular events (VEs), but their complementarity in risk prediction and stratification is still unresolved. The aim of this study was to evaluate the independence of carotid plaque thickness and PF CC-IMTmean in cardiovascular risk prediction and risk stratification. METHODS: The IMPROVE-study is a European cohort (n = 3703), where the thickness of the largest plaque detected in the whole carotid tree was indexed as cIMTmax...
May 19, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602121/frailty-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-older-persons-the-age-gene-environment-susceptibility-reykjavik-study
#10
Nicola Veronese, Kristin Sigeirsdottir, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Elisa Marques, Didier Chalhoub, Caroline Phillips, Lenore Launer, Stefania Maggi, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris
Frailty is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but the studies available have not considered the presence of sub-clinical atherosclerotic disease as potential confounders. We investigated the association between frailty and the onset of CVD independently of sub-clinical atherosclerotic disease. For this reason, a sample of 3818 older participants participating in the Age, Gene/Environment SusceptibilityReykjavik Study (AGESReykjavik) without CVD at baseline was followed for a median of 8...
June 10, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596448/association-of-vegetable-nitrate-intake-with-carotid-atherosclerosis-and-ischemic-cerebrovascular-disease-in-older-women
#11
Catherine P Bondonno, Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Richard L Prince, Kerry L Ivey, Joshua R Lewis, Amanda Devine, Richard J Woodman, Jon O Lundberg, Kevin D Croft, Peter L Thompson, Jonathan M Hodgson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A short-term increase in dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) improves markers of vascular health via formation of nitric oxide and other bioactive nitrogen oxides. Whether this translates into long-term vascular disease risk reduction has yet to be examined. We investigated the association of vegetable-derived nitrate intake with common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT), plaque severity, and ischemic cerebrovascular disease events in elderly women (n=1226). METHODS: Vegetable nitrate intake, lifestyle factors, and cardiovascular disease risk factors were determined at baseline (1998)...
June 8, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595894/arterial-function-parameters-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-severe-hypertriglyceridemia
#12
Egidija Rinkūnienė, Eglė Butkutė, Roma Puronaitė, Žaneta Petrulionienė, Vilma Dženkevičiūtė, Vytautas Kasiulevičius, Aleksandras Laucevičius
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia (hTG) is 1 of the dyslipidemia manifestations in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, for several decades, the role of hTG in cardiovascular risk was not well established. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the parameters of the vascular structure and function in patients with MetS and different degree of hTG. METHODS: Patients (aged 40-65 years) with MetS were divided into 3 groups by triglyceride (TG) levels according to National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III Guidelines: severe hTG (TG ≥ 500 mg/dL), moderate hTG (TG 200-499 mg/dL), and a control (TG < 150 mg/dL) groups...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592724/association-of-airflow-limitation-with-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-a-japanese-community%C3%A3-the-hisayama-study
#13
Kunihiro Kudo, Jun Hata, Koichiro Matsumoto, Yuki Shundo, Satoru Fukuyama, Hiromasa Inoue, Takanari Kitazono, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Yoichi Nakanishi
BACKGROUND: There has been no large-scale observational study examining the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or airflow limitation and carotid atherosclerosis in the general population across a wide range of generations in Asia. In the present study we assessed the association between airflow limitation and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in a general Japanese population, with consideration of a comprehensive array of cardiovascular risk factors.Methods and Results:In all, 2,099 community-dwelling Japanese subjects were included in the study...
June 6, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592434/effect-of-rosuvastatin-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-children-with-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia-the-charon-study
#14
Marjet J A M Braamskamp, Gisle Langslet, Brian W McCrindle, David M Cassiman, Gordon A Francis, Claude Gagne, Daniel Gaudet, Katherine M Morrison, Albert Wiegman, Traci Turner, Elinor Miller, D Meeike Kusters, Joel S Raichlen, Paul D Martin, Evan A Stein, John J P Kastelein, Barbara A Hutten
Background -Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) is an autosomal dominant disorder leading to premature atherosclerosis. Children with HeFH exhibit early signs of atherosclerosis, manifested by increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). In this study, we assessed the effect of 2-year treatment with rosuvastatin on carotid IMT in HeFH children. Methods -Children with HeFH (aged 6 to <18 years) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) >4.9 mmol/L or >4.1 mmol/L in combination with other risk factors, received rosuvastatin for 2 years, starting at 5 mg once daily, with up-titration to 10 mg (aged 6 to <10 years) or 20 mg (aged 10 to <18 years)...
June 7, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588845/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-mimicking-a-relapse-in-a-patient-with-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-report-of-an-unusual-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Murat Özbalak, Ege Sinan Torun, Metin Özdemirli, Ali Rıza Uçar, Timur Selçuk Akpınar, Cemil Taşçıoğlu, Burhan Ferhanoğlu
New PET-positive lesions in previously treated patients with lymphomatous malignancies need further investigations. Relapse, sarcoidosis and secondary malignancies are the most important differential diagnosis. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT) is a rare complication after treatment of Hodgkin's disease and every PET-positive lesion should be biopsied to prevent unnecessary intervention.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584795/carotid-atherosclerosis-and-electrocardiographic-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-the-general-population-the-namwon-study
#16
Nam-Ho Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Sun-Seog Kweon, Jum Suk Ko, Young-Hoon Lee
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis and left ventricular hypertrophy on electrocardiogram (ECG-LVH) on adults living in the community. A total of 9,266 adults who participated in the Namwon Study were included in this analysis. Carotid atherosclerosis, including intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaques, were assessed using high-resolution B-mode ultrasound. ECG-LVH was determined using the Sokolow-Lyon voltage (SokV) and Cornell voltage (CorV) criteria. The prevalence of ECG-LVH was 12...
May 2017: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582505/subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-and-changes-in-self-reported-mobility-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#17
Susan A Everson-Rose, Carlos F Mendes de Leon, Nicholas S Roetker, Pamela L Lutsey, Alvaro Alonso
BACKGROUND.: We examined associations of three markers of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) (intimal-medial thickening (IMT); coronary artery calcification (CAC); and ankle-brachial index (ABI)) with changes in self-reported walking over time. METHODS.: Data were from 6,490 MESA participants (aged 45-84 years), free of clinical CVD at baseline. Outcomes, assessed four times over 11 years, included self-reported walking pace (none to striding pace; score, 0-4), and total walking time (minutes/week)...
June 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574286/changes-of-intima-media-thickness-in-marathon-runners-a-mid-term-follow-up
#18
Jan Müller, Valeria Dahm, Elke S Lorenz, Axel Pressler, Bernhard Haller, Viola Grabs, Martin Halle, Johannes Scherr
Objective Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is used to assess cardiovascular risk and progression of atherosclerosis. It is known that regular physical activity of moderate intensity has beneficial effects on the vasculature. However, it is still discussed controversially whether prolonged exercise, including participation in exhaustive competitive sports such as long-distance races, has also beneficial effects or might even be harmful regarding the cardiovascular system. Patients and methods Thirty-eight male marathon runners (45...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573489/ultrasonic-evaluation-of-renal-cortex-arterial-area-enables-differentiation-between-hypertensive-and-glomerulonephritis-related-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Arkadiusz Lubas, Grzegorz Kade, Robert Ryczek, Piotr Banasiak, Przemysław Dyrla, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Daniel Schneditz, Stanisław Niemczyk
PURPOSE: Identifying the primary etiology of cardio-renal syndrome in a timely manner remains an ongoing challenge in nephrology. We hypothesized that hypertensive kidney damage can be distinguished from chronic glomerulonephritis at an early stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) using ultrasound (US) Doppler sonography. METHODS: Fifty-six males (age 54 ± 15, BMI 28.3 ± 3.5 kg/m(2)) with hypertension and stable CKD at stages 2-4 [38 with essential hypertension (HT-CKD); 18 with glomerulonephritis (GN-CKD)] were studied...
June 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562203/is-hepatic-triglyceride-content-associated-with-aortic-pulse-wave-velocity-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-the-netherlands-epidemiology-of-obesity-study
#20
Ralph L Widya, Renée de Mutsert, Jos J M Westenberg, Karin B Gast, Martin den Heijer, Saskia le Cessie, Johannes W A Smit, J Wouter Jukema, Frits R Rosendaal, Albert de Roos, Hildo J Lamb
Purpose To test the hypothesis that hepatic triglyceride content is associated with subclinical vascular impairment and is not confounded by various cardiometabolic risk factors. Materials and Methods This study was approved by the institutional review board, and all participants gave written informed consent. In this cross-sectional analysis of baseline measurements of the Netherlands Epidemiology of Obesity study, a population-based cohort study, 1899 participants (52% men; mean age, 55 years ± 6 [standard deviation]) underwent magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy and MR imaging to assess hepatic triglyceride content, aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), and visceral fat...
May 29, 2017: Radiology
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