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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353228/association-of-lifelong-occupation-and-educational-level-with-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-different-european-regions-results-from%C3%A2-the-improve-study
#1
Calogero C Tedesco, Fabrizio Veglia, Ulf de Faire, Sudhir Kurl, Andries J Smit, Rainer Rauramaa, Philippe Giral, Mauro Amato, Alice Bonomi, Alessio Ravani, Beatrice Frigerio, Samuela Castelnuovo, Daniela Sansaro, Elmo Mannarino, Steve E Humphries, Anders Hamsten, Elena Tremoli, Damiano Baldassarre
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to examine the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and subclinical atherosclerosis, as assessed by carotid intima-media-thickness (C-IMT) and to investigate whether the effect of social inequality on C-IMT is mediated by cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and whether it is dissimilar in men and women, and in different European countries. METHODS: We assessed the association of lifelong occupation and educational level with C-IMT in the IMPROVE study cohort including 3703 subjects (median age 64...
December 20, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352732/long-term-effects-of-crizotinib-in-alk-positive-tumors-excluding-nsclc-a-phase-1b-open-label-study
#2
Carlo Gambacorti-Passerini, Sergey Orlov, Li Zhang, Fadi Braiteh, Huiqiang Huang, Taito Esaki, Keizo Horibe, Jin-Seok Ahn, Joseph T Beck, William Jeffrey Edenfield, Yuankai Shi, Matthew Taylor, Kenji Tamura, Brian A Van Tine, Shang-Ju Wu, Jolanda Paolini, Paulina Selaru, Tae Min Kim
Crizotinib, an inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), MET, and ROS1, is approved for treatment of patients with ALK-positive or ROS1-positive advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, ALK rearrangements are also implicated in other malignancies, including anaplastic large-cell lymphoma and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs). In this ongoing, multicenter, single-arm, open-label phase 1b study (PROFILE 1013; NCT01121588), patients with ALK-positive advanced malignancies other than NSCLC were to receive a starting dose of crizotinib 250 mg twice daily...
January 20, 2018: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351739/a-study-of-the-association-of-rs12040273-with-susceptibility-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-a-chinese-han-population
#3
Bo Yang, Shan Yan, Jianjun Yan, Yafei Li, Mohammad Reeaze Khurwolah, Liansheng Wang, Zhong Chen
BACKGROUND: The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12040273, a variant of UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine, polypeptide GalNAc-transferase 2, has recently been reported to be significantly associated with development of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in a Chinese population based on a genome-wide association study. Because IMT is a potent marker of coronary artery disease (CAD), the aim of this study was to evaluate the relation of rs12040273 to susceptibility and severity of CAD in a Chinese Han population...
January 19, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336647/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-tongue-report-of-a-pediatric-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Chiara Caporalini, Selene Moscardi, Angela Tamburini, Nicola Pierossi, Marco Di Maurizio, Anna Maria Buccoliero
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is an uncommon mesenchymal lesion composed of myofibroblastic and fibroblastic spindle cells, accompanied by inflammatory infiltration. IMT may occur in the tongue. Five cases have been previously reported at this site. CASE REPORT: An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor arose in the tongue of a 10 month old infant, confirmed by anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) immunohistochemical staining and the clinical response to the tyrosine kinase inhibitor...
January 16, 2018: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333662/serum-levels-of-psoriasin-s100a7-and-koebnerisin-s100a15-as-potential-markers-of-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#5
S M Awad, D A Attallah, R H Salama, A M Mahran, E Abu El-Hamed
BACKGROUND: Psoriasin (S100A7) and koebnerisin (S100A15) are proinflammatory proteins upregulated in psoriasis, but their relation to atherosclerosis remains unclear. AIM: To evaluate the role of serum psoriasin and koebnerisin as possible markers for subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with psoriasis. METHODS: Serum levels of psoriasin and koebnerisin were measured by ELISA in 45 patients with psoriasis and in 45 healthy controls (HCs)...
January 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331960/pregnancy-loss-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-mexican-women
#6
Sandra A Hartasanchez, Mario Flores-Torres, Adriana Monge, Elsa Yunes, Beatriz Rodriguez, Carlos Cantu-Brito, Daniela Colaci, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Martin Lajous
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease in women often develops without conventional risk factors. Prenatal loss is a common pregnancy outcome that may result in physiological changes can increase the potential future risk of cardiovascular disease. Insufficient information exists regarding the impact of pregnancy loss on early markers of cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1767 disease-free women from the MTC (Mexican Teachers' Cohort) who had been pregnant was used to evaluate the relationship between pregnancy loss and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330707/effects-of-periodontal-treatment-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-lifestyle-related-diseases-japanese-prospective-multicentre-observational-study
#7
Chieko Kudo, Wee Soo Shin, Nobuhiro Sasaki, Kazuo Harai, Kai Kato, Hiroaki Seino, Eiji Goke, Takemasa Fujino, Nobuichi Kuribayashi, Youko Onuki Pearce, Masato Taira, Ryoji Matsushima, Masato Minabe, Shogo Takashiba
Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disease in arterial blood vessels, is one of the major causes of death in worldwide. Meanwhile, periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by infection with periodontal pathogens such as P. gingivalis (Porphyromonas gingivalis). Several studies have reported association between periodontal infection and atherosclerosis, but direct investigation about the effects of periodontal treatment on atherosclerosis has not been reported. We have planned Japanese local clinics to determine the relationship between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis under collaborative with medical and dental care...
January 12, 2018: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327164/incremental-predictive-value-of-carotid-arterial-strain-in-patients-with-stroke
#8
Woo-In Yang, Ki-Woon Kang, Hye Young Lee, Chi-Young Shim, Geu-Ru Hong, Namsik Chung, Jong-Won Ha
Although increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a well-known risk factor for stroke, carotid IMT alone is not sufficient for risk stratification. The assessment of arterial properties using velocity vector imaging (VVI) represents a new method for quantifying structural changes. We sought to investigate the characteristics and the clinical value of carotid arterial mechanics using VVI in patients with stroke. Fifty male patients (55 ± 5 years) with stroke, 30 healthy age-matched volunteers (54 ± 8 years), and 30 healthy young male volunteers (29 ± 5 years) were evaluated...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325542/visceral-adipose-tissue-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hiv-infected-patients-undergoing-cart-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Maria Teresa Beires, André Silva-Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, António José Madureira, Jorge Pereira, Davide Carvalho, António Sarmento, Paula Freitas
BACKGROUND: Combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) in HIV-infected patients has been associated with lipodystrophy, metabolic abnormalities, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Ultrasound measures of carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) have been used as a valid measure of subclinical atherosclerosis and as a tool to predict the risk of cardiovascular events. Our aim was to evaluate the progression of cIMT in HIV-infected patients subjected to cART, with and without lipodystrophy, over a one-year period...
January 11, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322004/thoughts-modulate-the-expression-of-inflammatory-genes-and-may-improve-the-coronary-blood-flow-in-patients-after-a-myocardial-infarction
#10
Carlo Dal Lin, Mariela Marinova, Giorgio Rubino, Elisabetta Gola, Alessandra Brocca, Giorgia Pantano, Laura Brugnolo, Cristiano Sarais, Umberto Cucchini, Biancarosa Volpe, Chiara Cavalli, Maura Bellio, Emilia Fiorello, Sofia Scali, Mario Plebani, Sabino Iliceto, Francesco Tona
Background: Mental stress is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Meditation and music listening are two techniques that are able to counteract it through the activation of specific brain areas, eliciting the so-called Relaxing Response (RR). Epidemiological evidence reveals that the RR practice has a beneficial prognostic impact on patients after myocardial infarction. We aimed to study the possible molecular mechanisms of RR underlying these findings. Methods: We enrolled 30 consecutive patients after myocardial infarction and 10 healthy controls...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321582/serum-podocalyxin-levels-correlate-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-implicating-its-role-as-a-novel-biomarker-for-atherosclerosis
#11
Mayumi Shoji, Minoru Takemoto, Kazuki Kobayashi, Toshihiro Shoji, Satoka Mori, Jun-Ichi Sagara, Hiroyuki Kurosawa, Yoshiaki Hirayama, Kenichi Sakamoto, Takahiro Ishikawa, Masaya Koshizaka, Yoshiro Maezawa, Koutaro Yokote
Podocalyxin is a cell surface sialomucin, which is expressed in not only glomerular podocytes but also vascular endothelial cells. Urinary podocalyxin is used as a marker for glomerular disease. However, there are no reports describing serum podocalyxin (s-Podxl) levels. Therefore, the association between s-Podxl levels and clinical parameters were examined with 52 patients. s-Podxl level was evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The median s-Podxl level was 14.2 ng/dL (interquartile range: 10...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310405/uterine-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-more-common-than-expected-case-report-and-review
#12
Vincenzo Dario Mandato, Riccardo Valli, Valentina Mastrofilippo, Alessandra Bisagni, Lorenzo Aguzzoli, Giovanni Battista La Sala
RATIONALE: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm composed of spindled to epithelioid cells with prominent myxoid stroma and inflammatory infiltrate. It has a low but definite malignant potential. However, its management has never been standardized. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSIS: We present the first case of uterine IMT laparoscopically treated. Moreover, we reviewed the English literature regarding uterine IMT published between 1987 and June 2017...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309514/follicle-stimulating-hormone-levels-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-older-postmenopausal-women
#13
Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson, Jyrki K Virtanen, Tarja Nurmi, Leo Niskanen, Jaakko Mursu, Sari Voutilainen, Kimmo Ronkainen, Jussi Kauhanen, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen
Recent studies of perimenopausal women suggest that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels may be associated with atherosclerosis, independent of estradiol. Whether FSH is related to atherosclerosis in older postmenopausal women, who have completed the menopausal transition, remains unknown. We assessed the relationship of serum FSH and estradiol levels with carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) among 587 postmenopausal participants in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (Kuopio, Finland)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308915/carotid-artery-ultrasound-texture-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-subclinical-arterial-disease-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#14
Carol C Mitchell, Claudia E Korcarz, Matthew C Tattersall, Adam D Gepner, Rebekah L Young, Wendy S Post, Joel D Kaufman, Robyn L McClelland, James H Stein
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study determined if the ultrasound texture feature "contrast" was associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and subclinical arterial disease. METHODS: We evaluated ultrasound images of the right common carotid artery from a convenience sample of 151 participants and examined relationships between contrast, CVD risk factors, carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), and coronary artery calcium (CAC). Gray level difference statistics (GLDS) algorithms were used to evaluate the texture feature "contrast" from carotid ultrasound images...
January 8, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308592/abuse-deterrent-features-of-an-extended-release-morphine-drug-product-developed-using-a-novel-injection-molding-technology-for-oral-drug-delivery
#15
Nikolaj Skak, Torben Elhauge, Jeffrey M Dayno, Karsten Lindhardt
OBJECTIVE: A novel technology platform (Guardian™ Technology, Egalet Corporation, Wayne, PA) was used to manufacture morphine abuse-deterrent (AD), extended-release (ER), injection-molded tablets (morphine-ADER-IMT; ARYMO® ER [morphine sulfate] ER tablets; Egalet Corporation), a recently approved morphine product with AD labeling. The aim of this article is to highlight how the features of Guardian™ Technology are linked to the ER profile and AD characteristics of morphine-ADER-IMT...
November 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306892/association-of-body-flexibility-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-japanese-middle-aged-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Masataka Suwa, Takayuki Imoto, Akira Kida, Takashi Yokochi, Mitsunori Iwase, Kenji Kozawa
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of body flexibility with carotid arterial remodelling, including intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque formation in middle-aged men. METHODS: The subjects of this cross-sectional study included 1354 Japanese men aged 35-59 years without histories of stroke or cardiac diseases. The arm extensibility test, which can estimate flexibility of the upper extremity (composed of shoulder external rotation and forearm supination), and the sit-and-reach test were performed...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303008/behavioural-modes-of-adherence-to-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-grounded-theory-study
#17
Dorthe Sørensen, Marie Ernst Christensen
PURPOSE: Our aim was to develop a theoretical account of the behavioural pattern of adherence to home-based inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), performed as two daily sessions of 30 breaths with mechanical threshold loading. METHODS: This was a qualitative study based on the classic grounded theory method. We conducted interviews with people living with COPD recruited after completion of 6 weeks of outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program in 2015...
January 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286567/crizotinib-in-alk-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumors-current-experience-and-future-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Till-Martin Theilen, Jan Soerensen, Konrad Bochennek, Martina Becker, Dirk Schwabe, Udo Rolle, Thomas Klingebiel, Thomas Lehrnbecher
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) and its subtype epithelioid inflammatory myofibroblastic sarcoma (EIMS) are rare soft-tissue tumors. As about 50% of IMT and 100% of EIMS contain activating rearrangements of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene, targeted kinase inhibition of ALK by compounds such as crizotinib is a potential treatment option. We performed a literature review and analyzed a total of 30 patients with IMT/EIMS treated with crizotinib. A total of 12 patients achieved complete or partial remission...
December 29, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285176/efficacy-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-in-treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-associated-with-carotid-arteriosclerosis
#19
Yong-Qian Jiang, Jin-Shan Xue, Juan Xu, Zhi-Xiang Zhou, You-Lin Ji
Sleep apnea negatively impacts patients' ability to oxygenate the bloodstream during sleep and has far-reaching, deleterious effects. The present study sought to assess the correlation between obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), carotid atherosclerosis, and blood pressure variability (BPV), and to evaluate the therapeutic effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Patients with OSAHS were classified as mild, moderate, or severe according to their condition and compared with healthy control participants...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276107/relationship-of-femoral-artery-ultrasound-measures-of-atherosclerosis-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Simon Hsu, Dena E Rifkin, Michael H Criqui, Natalie C Suder, Pranav Garimella, Charles Ginsberg, Antoinette M Marasco, Belinda J McQuaide, Emma J Barinas-Mitchell, Matthew A Allison, Christina L Wassel, Joachim H Ix
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is strongly associated with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Detection of subclinical PAD may allow early interventions for or prevention of PAD in persons with CKD. Whether the presence of atherosclerotic plaque and femoral intima-media thickness (IMT) are associated with kidney function is unknown. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional observational study of 1029 community-living adults. We measured superficial and common femoral artery IMT and atherosclerotic plaque presence by ultrasound...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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