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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093920/inspiratory-muscle-training-is-effective-to-reduce-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-and-length-of-hospital-stay-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Filipa Kendall, José Oliveira, Bárbara Peleteiro, Paulo Pinho, Pedro Teixeira Bastos
PURPOSE: This study systematically review and meta-analyse the effectiveness of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) and length of hospital stay (LOS), both in the preoperative and/or postoperative periods of cardiac, pulmonary, and abdominal surgical patients. Sensitive analysis was performed to examine which patients benefit more from IMT according to methodological features (quality of studies and sample size), patient's characteristics (pulmonary risk stratification, age, and body mass index), type of surgery, period of training, and training protocols (training doses and level of supervision)...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093467/blood-pressure-trajectories-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-associated-with-cardiovascular-risk-results-from-the-23-year-longitudinal-georgia-stress-and-heart-study
#2
Guang Hao, Xiaoling Wang, Frank A Treiber, Gregory Harshfield, Gaston Kapuku, Shaoyong Su
The purpose of this study is to identify subgroups of individuals with similar trajectories in blood pressure (BP) from childhood to young adulthood and to determine the relationship of BP trajectories with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI). BP was measured ≤16 times during a 23-year period in 683 participants from childhood to young adulthood. IMT and LVMI were measured in 551 participants and 546 participants, respectively. Using latent class models, 3 trajectory groups in BP from childhood to young adulthood were identified, including high-increasing, moderate-increasing, and low-increasing groups...
January 16, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074153/effects-of-metabolic-syndrome-on-aortic-pulse-wave-velocity
#3
Dong-Hyeon Lee, Ho-Joong Youn, Woo-Baek Chung, Yun-Seok Choi, Jong-Min Lee, Chul-Soo Park, Hae-Ok Jung, Hui-Kyung Jeon, Man-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the value and evaluate the validity of non-invasive methods for the detection of vascular stiffness in never-treated individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: A total of 59 subjects (mean age, 60 ± 12 years; male:female = 35:24) were enrolled in the study and were categorized into the positive MetS (MetS[+]: N = 32) and negative group (MetS[-]: N = 27), according to the parameters set by the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067320/relationship-between-frequency-of-hypoglycemic-episodes-and-changes-in-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-insulin-treated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Tomoya Mita, Naoto Katakami, Toshihiko Shiraiwa, Hidenori Yoshii, Nobuichi Kuribayashi, Takeshi Osonoi, Hideaki Kaneto, Keisuke Kosugi, Yutaka Umayahara, Masahiko Gosho, Iichiro Shimomura, Hirotaka Watada
The effect of hypoglycemia on the progression of atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains largely unknown. This is a post hoc analysis of a randomized trial to investigate the relationship between hypoglycemic episodes and changes in carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). Among 274 study subjects, 104 patients experienced hypoglycemic episodes. Increases in the mean IMT and left maximum IMT of the common carotid arteries (CCA) were significantly greater in patients with hypoglycemia compared to those without hypoglycemia...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062141/reduced-subclinical-carotid-vascular-disease-and-arterial-stiffness-in-vegetarian-men-the-carvos-study
#5
Julio Acosta-Navarro, Luiza Antoniazzi, Adriana Midori Oki, Maria Carlos Bonfim, Valeria Hong, Pedro Acosta-Cardenas, Celia Strunz, Eleonora Brunoro, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Wilson Salgado Filho, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis, the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The objective of this study was to verify if vegetarian (VEG) diet could be related a better profile of subclinical vascular disease evaluated by arterial stiffness and functional and structural properties of carotid arteries, compared to omnivorous (OMN) diet. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 44 VEG and 44 OMN apparently healthy men ≥35years of age, in order to not have confounding risk factors of subclinical atherosclerosis, were assessed for anthropometric data, blood pressure, blood lipids, glucose, C reactive protein (CRP), and arterial stiffness determined by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061822/cardiovascular-risk-and-endothelial-function-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-design-of-the-multi-site-longitudinal-endoafrica-study-in-the-western-cape-province-of-south-africa
#6
Hans Strijdom, Patrick De Boever, Gerhard Walzl, M Faadiel Essop, Tim S Nawrot, Ingrid Webster, Corli Westcott, Nyiko Mashele, Frans Everson, Stephanus T Malherbe, Kim Stanley, Harald H Kessler, Evelyn Stelzl, Nandu Goswami
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence of an interaction between HIV-infection, anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Epidemiological studies in Europe and North America have been observing a shift towards an increased incidence of coronary heart disease and acute myocardial infarctions in HIV-infected populations compared to the general population even after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Despite South Africa (and sub-Saharan Africa, SSA) being regarded as the epicentre of the global HIV epidemic, very little is known about the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and precursors of vascular disease in HIV-infected populations in this region...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061145/effects-of-exercise-on-carotid-arterial-wall-thickness-in-obese-pediatric-populations-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Antonio García-Hermoso, Katherine González-Ruiz, Hector Reynaldo Triana-Reina, Jordi Olloquequi, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
BACKGROUND: In pediatric populations, the use of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of cardiovascular risk has increased. However, previous studies examining the effects of exercise training on arterial structure and function in obese children and adolescents have shown inconsistent findings. The primary aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to expand on the current body of literature by providing a quantitative estimate of the change in carotid IMT following exercise training as well as to provide an exploratory analysis of potential moderators associated with the variation in response to an exercise training intervention in overweight and obese youth...
January 6, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056529/anterior-tragal-crease-is-associated-with-atherosclerosis
#8
Pawinee Rerknimitr, Korbkarn Pongpairoj, Chanat Kumtornrat, Ratchathorn Panchaprateep, Cameron P Hurst, Aurauma Chutinet, Pravit Asawanonda, Nijasri C Suwanwela
The utility of the ear crease sign, anterior tragal crease (ATC), as a marker of atherosclerosis is yet to be established. The intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (IMT-CCA) has been used as a noninvasive surrogate marker for atherosclerosis. History of traditional risk factors for atherosclerosis was obtained from 147 volunteers; ear examination was also performed and venous blood was drawn for laboratory analysis. The volunteers then underwent an ultrasonography measurement of the IMT-CCA. In univariate analysis, presence of ATC, age, underlying hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cigarette smoking, low-density lipoprotein, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were significantly associated with the IMT-CCA...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056290/-ct-findings-of-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-different-pathological-types
#9
X T Zhao, S W Yue, Q Cheng, P Liu, L Y Chang, X X Zhao, P Liang
Objective: To explore the computed tomography(CT) features of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor(IMT) in different pathological types, and improve the diagnostic level of this disease. Methods: The CT features of 29 cases pathologically confirmed IMTs were retrospectively reviewed along with a literature review to analyze the CT features and pathological correlations, and three kinds of pathological classification of IMT in patients with gender , shape, boundary and location were respectively analyzed by Chi-Square test...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050384/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-kidney-a-rare-renal-tumor
#10
Alvin Jose Pothadiyil, Suresh Bhat, Fredrick Paul, Jithesh Mampatta, Mahesh Srinivas
Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumour (IMT) or 'pseudotumour' of the kidney is a rare benign tumour of unknown aetiology affecting mostly young adults. A subset of IMT is neoplastic and harbours translocations of activin receptor-like kinase-1 (ALK-1) gene and can recur or rarely metastasize. Presentation varies from an incidentaloma to gross haematuria. Clinical examination and radiological investigations are usually inconclusive. Often, biopsy is inconclusive necessitating a management similar to that of Renal Cell Cancer (RCC)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050323/intravitreal-bevacizumab-treatment-in-type-2-idiopathic-macular-telangiectasia
#11
Tuğba Aydoğan, Gürkan Erdoğan, Cihan Ünlü, Ahmet Ergin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab treatment in type 2 idiopathic macular telangiectasia (IMT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six eyes of 5 patients with type 2 IMT who received intravitreal bevacizumab between 2009 and 2014 were included in this study. All the patients had an ophthalmological examination including best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), dilated fundus examination, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescein angiography...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049936/high-pulse-wave-velocity-has-a-strong-impact-on-early-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-a-japanese-general-male-population
#12
Takuro Kubozono, Masaaki Miyata, Shin Kawasoe, Satoko Ojima, Shiro Yoshifuku, Hironori Miyahara, Shigeho Maenohara, Mitsuru Ohishi
BACKGROUND: Although there have been several reports on the risk factors associated with intima-media thickness (IMT), many questions remain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between IMT and cardiovascular risk factors in a Japanese general population.Methods and Results:The study group consisted of 1,583 male subjects undergoing routine health checkups. IMT of the common carotid artery was measured by high-resolution ultrasonography. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured using an automated device...
December 29, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040090/masquelet-technique-myth-or-reality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Ilaria Morelli, Lorenzo Drago, David A George, Enrico Gallazzi, Sara Scarponi, Carlo L Romanò
INTRODUCTION: The induced membrane technique (IMT) or Masquelet technique, is a two-step surgical procedure used to treat pseudoarthroses and bony defects. Many authors have introduced variants to the technique. This study aims to compare the surgical variants of IMT and to evaluate its efficacy in achieving infection eradication and bone union. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out following the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed and other medical databases were explored using keywords "Masquelet technique" and "induced membrane technique"...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038798/cardiovascular-risk-in-chronic-autoimmune-thyroiditis-and-subclinical-hypothyroidism-patients-a-cluster-analysis
#14
Giovanni Carbotta, Francesco Tartaglia, Alessandro Giuliani, Sabino Carbotta, Luciana Tromba, Ilaria Jacomelli, Livia De Anna, Angela Fumarola
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (CAT) are linked to an increased risk of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study was to look for positive markers of CHD and correlations with thyroid blood tests in patients with SCH or CAT, but no symptoms of CHD, so as to identify CHD risk conditions that otherwise would likely be missed. METHODS: We measured a series of thyroid, clinical-metabolic and cardiovascular parameters in 30 consecutive endocrinology patients enrolled in our ambulatory endocrinological referral center of "Sapienza" University of Rome...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036103/elevated-tumour-necrosis-factor-alpha-was-associated-with-intima-thickening-in-obese-children
#15
Bo Luo, Yi-Can Yang, Qing Zhou, Xiao-Hui Wu, Ke Huang, Chao-Chun Zou
AIM: This study investigated the relationship between intima-media thickness (IMT) and immune parameters in obese children from five to 16 years of age. METHODS: We enrolled 185 obese children with a mean age of 10.65±2.10 years and 211 controls with a mean age of 10.32±1.81 years. Glycometabolism, lipid metabolism, sex hormones, immune indices and carotid IMT were measured. RESULTS: Serum interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, white blood cells and common and internal carotid artery IMTs in the obese group were higher than those in the control group (p<0...
December 30, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032568/seven-day-intensive-preoperative-rehabilitation-for-elderly-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Yutian Lai, Jian Huang, Mei Yang, Jianhua Su, Jing Liu, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: As a newly developed treatment, preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been studied in depth. However, few studies have assessed the relationship between advanced age and a shorter term intensive pattern of preoperative PR in patients with lung cancer (LC) and especially those patients waiting for therapeutic LC surgeries. This study investigated short-term preoperative PR combined with inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and aerobic endurance training in elderly patients scheduled to undergo LC lobectomy...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029686/comparison-of-four-different-nerve-conduction-techniques-of-the-superficial-fibular-sensory-nerve
#17
Mathew R Saffarian, Nathan C Condie, Erica A Austin, Katie E McCausland, Michael T Andary, James R Sylvain, Iian R Mull, Eric D Zemper, Mary L Jannausch
INTRODUCTION: There are many different nerve conduction study (NCS) techniques to study the superficial fibular sensory nerve (SFSN). OBJECTIVES: We present reference distal latency values and comparative data regarding 4 different NCS for the SFSN. METHODS: Four different NCS techniques, Spartan technique (ST), Izzo techniques-medial and intermediate dorsal cutaneous branches- (IMT and IIT), and Daube technique, were performed on (114) healthy volunteers...
December 28, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029513/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumour
#18
Michael McDermott
While initially controversial, the proposal that a subset of inflammatory pseudotumours were myofibroblastic neoplasms is now acknowledged. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour is a spindle cell neoplasm of intermediate biological potential that may arise in a wide range of anatomic sites but has a particular propensity for the lung and abdominal soft tissues. Depending on its location, IMT may present with a variety of clinical symptoms and it may also express a variable pathologic phenotype, leading to a broad range of clinical and pathological differentials...
August 31, 2016: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028950/prospective-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-the-state-of-periodontal-tissues-and-changes-in-selected-cardiovascular-parameters-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Magdalena Napora, Ewa Grabowska, Renata Górska
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is considered a risk factor in many systemic diseases, including cardiovascular pathologies and diabetes. Diabetes can also exacerbate early vascular changes, mainly due to the synthesis of advanced glycosylation end-products and oxidative stress. It has not yet been fully explained whether the additional presence of periodontal disease can affect the course of atherosclerosis and left ventricle hypertrophy in diabetic patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between periodontal and cardiovascular diseases and their progression in patients with type 2 diabetes...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028513/evaluation-of-endothelial-function-in-exogenous-subclinical-hyperthyroidism-and-the-effect-of-treatment
#20
Sayed Mohammad Hosseini, Elham Khosravi Bakhtyari, Kiyan Heshmat-Ghahdarijani, Noushin Khalili
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHy) is a widespread condition in which cardiovascular manifestations are frequently occur, but there is still a debate about the vascular responsiveness in it. Measuring flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and intimae-media thickness (IMT) are used to evaluate endothelial function in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with a diagnosis of exogenous SHy and 25 full matched healthy subjects were enrolled. At first FMD of brachial artery and IMT of common carotid artery were obtained from all the participants...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
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