keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CRM

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915950/improving-team-performance-through-simulation-based-learning
#1
REVIEW
Mark S Volk
American health care is facing an epidemic of medical errors. A major cause of these errors is poor teamwork. Crisis resource management (CRM) is a set of teamwork principles derived from the airline industry. Medical simulation is an educational tool that affords health care providers a means of improving teamwork by learning and practicing CRM. This article (1) discusses the case for teaching team training, (2) reviews the principles of medical simulation as they pertain to team training, (3) provides practical guidelines for using medical simulation in otolaryngology education, (4) discusses current evidence for the efficacy of medical simulation...
October 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889736/biosensing-strategy-for-simultaneous-and-accurate-quantitative-analysis-of-mycotoxins-in-food-samples-using-unmodified-graphene-micromotors
#2
Águeda Molinero-Fernández, María Moreno-Guzmán, Miguel Ángel López, Alberto Escarpa
A high-performance graphene-based micromotor strategy for simultaneous, fast and reliable assessment of two highly concern mycotoxins (fumonisin B1, (FB1) and ocratoxin A, (OTA)) has successfully been developed. The assay principle is based on the selective recognition from aptamers to the target mycotoxins and further "on-the-move" fluorescence quenching of the free aptamer in the outer layer of unmodified reduced graphene (rGO; sensing layer), micromotors. Template-prepared rGO/platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) tubular micromotors, were synthesized rapidly and inexpensively by the direct electrodeposition within the conical pores of a polycarbonate template membrane...
September 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884251/the-influence-of-hospital-volume-on-long-term-oncological-outcome-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#3
Frederik H W Jonker, Jan A W Hagemans, Jacobus W A Burger, Cornelis Verhoef, Wernard A A Borstlap, Pieter J Tanis
PURPOSE: The association between hospital volume and outcome in rectal cancer surgery is still subject of debate. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of hospital volume on outcomes of rectal cancer surgery in the Netherlands in 2011. METHODS: In this collaborative research with a cross-sectional study design, patients who underwent rectal cancer resection in 71 Dutch hospitals in 2011 were included. Annual hospital volume was stratified as low (< 20), medium (20-50), and high (≥ 50)...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882106/sumoylation-in-p27kip1-via-ranbp2-promotes-cancer-cell-growth-in-cholangiocarcinoma-cell-line-qbc939
#4
Jun Yang, Yan Liu, Bing Wang, Hongzhen Lan, Ying Liu, Fei Chen, Ju Zhang, Jian Luo
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma is one of the deadly disease with poor 5-year survival and poor response to conventional therapies. Previously, we found that p27kip1 nuclear-cytoplasmic translocation confers proliferation potential to cholangiocarcinoma cell line QBC939 and this process is mediated by crm-1. However, no other post-transcriptional regulation was found in this process including sumoylation in cholangiocarcinoma. RESULTS: In this study, we explored the role of sumoylation in the nuclear-cytoplasmic translocation of p27kip1 and its involvement of QBC939 cells' proliferation...
September 7, 2017: BMC Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881884/clinical-outcomes-and-benefits-for-staging-of-surgical-lymph-node-mapping-after-esophagectomy
#5
S M Lagarde, A W Phillips, M Navidi, B Disep, S M Griffin
Dissection of lymph nodes (LN) immediately after esophagectomy is utilized by some surgeons to aid determination of LN stations involved in esophageal cancer. Some suggest that this increases LN yield and gives information regarding the pattern of lymphatic spread, others feel that this may compromise a circumferential resection margin (CRM) assessment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of ex vivo dissection on the assessment of the CRM and the pattern of lymph node dissemination in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) undergoing radical surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and their prognostic impact...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876659/abdominoperineal-resection-in-the-prone-position-early-outcomes-at-a-tertiary-institution-in-the-western-cape-south-africa
#6
N Stevenson, A V V Lambrechts
BACKGROUND: Abdominoperineal resection (APR) in the prone position is a new technique in the developing world, where colorectal cancer incidence is rising fast and the patient population is different from those in the developed world. Literature is lacking on the outcomes of this technique under these conditions. METHOD: All patients who underwent APR in the prone position for rectal adenocarcinoma from February 2011 to February 2017 were reviewed. Main endpoints were stage at presentation, neoadjuvant treatment, circumferential resection margin involvement, perineal wound complications, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and days discharged after surgery...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872817/carboplatin-loaded-raman-encoded-chitosan-coated-silver-nanotriangles-as-multimodal-traceable-nanotherapeutic-delivery-systems-and-ph-reporters-inside-human-ovarian-cancer-cells
#7
Monica Potara, Timea Nagy-Simon, Ana Maria Craciun, Sorina Suarasan, Emilia Licarete, Florica Imre-Lucaci, Simion Astilean
Ovarian cancer is a common cause of cancer death in women and is associated with the highest mortality rates of all gynecological malignancies. Carboplatin (CBP) is the most used cytotoxic agent in the treatment of ovarian cancer. Herein, we design and assess a CBP nanotherapeutic delivery system which allows combinatorial functionalities of chemotherapy, pH sensing, and multimodal traceable properties inside live NIH:OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer cells. In our design, a pH-sensitive Raman reporter, 4-mercaptobenzoic acid (4MBA) is anchored onto the surface of chitosan-coated silver nanotriangles (chit-AgNTs) to generate a robust surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) traceable system...
September 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868888/selective-micellar-extraction-of-ultratrace-levels-of-uranium-in-aqueous-samples-by-task-specific-ionic-liquid-followed-by-its-detection-employing-total-reflection-x-ray-fluorescence-spectrometry
#8
Abhijit Saha, Kaushik Sanyal, Neetika Rawat, Sadhan Bijoy Deb, Manoj Kumar Saxena, Bhupendra Singh Tomar
A task specific ionic liquid (TSIL) bearing phosphoramidate group, viz., N-propyl(diphenylphosphoramidate)trimethylammonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide, was synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, (31)P NMR, and IR spectroscopies, elemental (C H N S) analysis, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Using this TSIL a cloud point extraction (CPE) or micelle mediated extraction procedure was developed for preconcentration of uranium (U) in environmental aqueous samples. Total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry was utilized to determine the concentration of U in the preconcentrated samples...
September 14, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862030/eliminating-critical-incident-tracking-network-patient-safety-events-at-a-veterans-affairs-institution-through-crew-resource-management-training
#9
SreyRam Kuy, Ramon A L Romero
The objective of this study was to determine whether rates of Critical Incident Tracking Network (CITN) patient safety adverse events change after implementation of crew resource management (CRM) training at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital. CRM training was conducted for all surgical staff at a VA hospital. Compliance with briefing and debriefing checklists was assessed for all operating room procedures. Tracking of adverse patient safety events utilizing the VA CITN events was performed. There was 100% adherence to performance of briefings and debriefings after initiation of CRM training...
September 2017: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842009/sample-preparation-for-arsenic-speciation-analysis-in-baby-food-by-generation-of-substituted-arsines-with-atomic-absorption-spectrometry-detection
#10
Charles S Huber, Maria Goreti R Vale, Morgana B Dessuy, Milan Svoboda, Stanislav Musil, Jiři Dědina
A slurry sampling procedure for arsenic speciation analysis in baby food by arsane generation, cryogenic trapping and detection with atomic absorption spectrometry is presented. Several procedures were tested for slurry preparation, including different reagents (HNO3, HCl and tetramethylammonium hydroxide - TMAH) and their concentrations, water bath heating and ultrasound-assisted agitation. The best results for inorganic arsenic (iAs) and dimethylarsinate (DMA) were reached when using 3molL(-1) HCl under heating and ultrasound-assisted agitation...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842005/new-procedure-of-quantitative-mapping-of-ti-and-al-released-from-dental-implant-and-mg-ca-fe-zn-cu-mn-as-physiological-elements-in-oral-mucosa-by-la-icp-ms
#11
Adam Sajnóg, Anetta Hanć, Ryszard Koczorowski, Danuta Barałkiewicz
A new procedure for determination of elements derived from titanium implants and physiological elements in soft tissues by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) is presented. The analytical procedure was developed which involved preparation of in-house matrix matched solid standards with analyte addition based on certified reference material (CRM) MODAS-4 Cormorant Tissue. Addition of gelatin, serving as a binding agent, essentially improved physical properties of standards...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841964/improved-voltammetric-method-for-simultaneous-determination-of-pt-and-rh-using-second-derivative-signal-transformation-application-to-environmental-samples
#12
Carlos E Monteiro, Antonio Cobelo-Garcia, Miguel Caetano, Margarida M Correia Dos Santos
The determination of Platinum-group elements (PGE) in relevant environmental matrices is a challenging task. Sensitive and accurate analytical procedures for simultaneous determination of Pt and Rh are still needed. In this study, we report for the first time on the use of second derivative signal transformation to the ultra-trace simultaneous determination of Pt and Rh by Adsorptive Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry (AdCSV). With that step, the ill-defined peaks typically observed in the original voltammograms are transformed into well-shaped peaks, resulting in accurate detection...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832745/predictors-of-mediastinitis-risk-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-applicability-of-score-in-1-322-cases
#13
Fabiana Dos Santos Oliveira, Letícia Delfino Oliveira de Freitas, Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva, Laura Maggi da Costa, Renato Abdala Karam Kalil, Maria Antonieta Pereira de Moraes
Background: Mediastinitis is a severe surgical complication of low incidence, but high lethality. Scores used in the preoperative period to stratify the risk of postoperative mediastinitis may contribute to improve the results. Objective: To test the applicability of the MagedanzSCORE in predicting the risk factors for mediastinitis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting at a cardiology reference hospital. Methods: Historical cohort study with adult patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting...
August 17, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803647/determination-of-selected-endogenous-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-and-ratios-in-urine-by-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-isotope-pattern-deconvolution
#14
J Pitarch-Motellón, J V Sancho, M Ibáñez, O Pozo, A F Roig-Navarro
An isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) method for the determination of selected endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids (EAAS) in urine by UHPLC-MS/MS has been developed using the isotope pattern deconvolution (IPD) mathematical tool. The method has been successfully validated for testosterone, epitestosterone, androsterone and etiocholanolone, employing their respective deuterated analogs using two certified reference materials (CRM). Accuracy was evaluated as recovery of the certified values and ranged from 75% to 108%...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803344/outcome-one-year-after-robot-assisted-rectal-cancer-surgery-a-consecutive-cohort-study
#15
Sanne Harsløf, Anders Stouge, Niels Thomassen, Sissel Ravn, Søren Laurberg, Lene Hjerrild Iversen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate outcome after robot-assisted rectal cancer surgery (RARCS). We focused on conversion rate, postoperative complications, pathological evaluation (adequacy of resection margins), and bowel function (low anterior resection syndrome (LARS)) 1 year after surgery. METHODS: An observational study of prospectively registered patients with data obtained from medical records. Data comprise the initial 208 rectal cancer patients operated with robot-assisted surgery at a single Danish university hospital from October 2011 to October 2014...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799954/effects-of-systemic-glutamatergic-manipulations-on-conditioned-eyeblink-responses-and-hyperarousal-in-a-rabbit-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Lauren B Burhans, Carrie A Smith-Bell, Bernard G Schreurs
Glutamatergic dysfunction is implicated in many neuropsychiatric conditions, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Glutamate antagonists have shown some utility in treating PTSD symptoms, whereas glutamate agonists may facilitate cognitive behavioral therapy outcomes. We have developed an animal model of PTSD, based on conditioning of the rabbit's eyeblink response, that addresses two key features: conditioned responses (CRs) to cues associated with an aversive event and a form of conditioned hyperarousal referred to as conditioning-specific reflex modification (CRM)...
October 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793779/comparative-susceptibility-of-rhesus-macaques-of-indian-and-chinese-origin-to-vaginal-shiv-transmission-as-models-for-hiv-prevention-research
#17
Ronald Veazey, Binhua Ling
Historically, Indian origin rhesus macaques (iRM) have been preferred for SIV/HIV prevention, pathogenesis, and treatment studies, yet their supply is limited. Chinese origin rhesus macaques (cRM) are currently more available yet little is known regarding the relative susceptibility of this subspecies to vaginal transmission of SIV or SHIV. Here we compared the susceptibility of 40 cRM and 21 iRM to a single vaginal challenge with SHIVsf162P. Our results showed cRM have comparable primary SHIV infection as iRM, underscoring their equal importance in studies of HIV transmission and prevention...
August 10, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770271/-r1-resection-of-esophageal-carcinoma
#18
REVIEW
I Gockel, C Wittekind
The microscopic identification of residual tumor tissue in the oral or aboral resection margins (R1 resection) of esophageal specimens following oncologic esophageal resection, increases the risk of tumor recurrence and disease-related morbidity. Esophageal resection with its associated risks is only meaningful, if an R0 situation can be safely achieved. The relevance of microscopic involvement of the circumferential resection margin (CRM) in esophageal carcinoma in its different definitions by the British and the American Societies of Pathology has up to now never been investigated in a prospective study...
August 2, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770270/-r1-resection-in-rectal-cancer
#19
REVIEW
H-R Raab
R1 resections in rectal cancer particularly affect the circumferential resection margin (CRM) and lead to increased local recurrence rates, more distant metastases and a poorer prognosis. The proximity of the tumor to the CRM is already sufficient to increases these risks; therefore, according to the guidelines, it is now necessary to distinguish between R0 wide (≥1 mm distance), R0 close (<1 mm) and R1. The surgical technique is decisive for avoiding R1 situations. The preparation follows the boundary layers and envelope fascia in a standardized radical way and if necessary deviates away from these structures and the tumor under en bloc resection of neighboring structures...
August 2, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764535/note-a-portable-automatic-capillary-viscometer-for-transparent-and-opaque-liquids
#20
A Soltani Ghalehjooghi, S Minaei, N Gholipour Zanjani, B Beheshti
A portable automatic capillary viscometer, equipped with an AVR microcontroller, was designed and developed. The viscometer was calibrated with Certified Reference Material (CRM) s200 and utilized for measurement of kinematic viscosity. A quadratic equation was developed for calibration of the instrument at various temperatures. Also, a model was developed for viscosity determination in terms of the viscometer dimensions. Development of the portable viscometer provides for on-site monitoring of engine oil viscosity...
July 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
keyword
keyword
14430
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"