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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137674/the-development-of-the-parents-a-tool-for-parents-to-assess-residents-non-technical-skills-in-pediatric-emergency-departments
#1
Katherine A Moreau, Kaylee Eady, Kenneth Tang, Mona Jabbour, Jason R Frank, Meaghan Campbell, Stanley J Hamstra
BACKGROUND: Parents can assess residents' non-technical skills (NTS) in pediatric emergency departments (EDs). There are no assessment tools, with validity evidence, for parental use in pediatric EDs. The purpose of this study was to develop the Parents' Assessment of Residents Enacting Non-Technical Skills (PARENTS) educational assessment tool and collect three sources of validity evidence (i.e., content, response process, internal structure) for it. METHODS: We established content evidence for the PARENTS through interviews with physician-educators and residents, focus groups with parents, a literature review, and a modified nominal group technique with experts...
November 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126405/electronic-portfolio-use-in-pediatric-residency-and-perceived-efficacy-as-a-tool-for-teaching-lifelong-learning
#2
Annabel Frank, Kimberly Gifford
BACKGROUND: Residency programs use electronic portfolios (efolios) to organize data, track resident performance, and sometimes teach and assess lifelong learning (LLL) skills. Published studies on efolios in graduate medical education are mostly descriptions of implementation at individual institutions. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was sent to 199 pediatric residency program directors across the United States. Efolio usage patterns were described and compared between program directors that perceived efolios effective at fostering LLL and those that did not...
November 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116309/characteristics-of-role-models-who-influenced-medical-residents-to-choose-surgery-as-a-specialty-exploratory-study
#3
Carlos Eli Piccinato, Maria de Lourdes Veronese Rodrigues, Laura de Andrade Rocha, Luiz Ernesto de Almeida Troncon
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Choosing a medical specialty and making decisions concerning a career are difficult processes for medical students and newly graduated physicians.This exploratory study aimed to investigate the influence of role models on the choice of surgery as a career, and to determine the most influential model characteristics. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative analysis on responses to a self-administered questionnaire, in different teaching-learning settings...
November 6, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113003/-comparison-of-safety-insertion-techniques-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-nurses-and-physicians-a-non-randomized-interventional-pilot-study-on-a-simulation-model
#4
Monika Engelke, Karl-Ernst Grund, Dieter Schilling, Ulrike Beilenhoff, Elisabeth Kern-Waechter, Olaf Engelke, Ferdinand Stebner, Christiane Kugler
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) insertion represents a standardized procedure for enteral nutrition in patients with long-term eating difficulties for various reasons. In a clinical setting, delegation of stomach puncture and placement of a PEG tube, within the context of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy amongst nurses, occurs. In Germany, there are no studies yet showing the differences between physicians and nurses regarding the safety of percutaneous stomach puncture.In a non-randomized quasi-experimental interventional study on a simulation model, the safety of stomach puncture within the context of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy between physicians and nurses with special training was compared...
November 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107161/evaluation-of-problem-and-simulator-based-learning-on-lumbar-puncture-of-adult-neurology-residency-training
#5
Chenjing Sun, Xiaokun Qi
BACKGROUND: Lumbar puncture (LP) is an essential part of adult neurology residency training. It needs not only technological training but also non-technological training. However, the current assessment tools basically focus on the operated technology of LP. We propose a better training method-problem and simulator-based learning (PSBL) on LP residency training to develop overall skills of neurology residents. METHODS: We enrolled 60 neurology postgraduate-year-1 residents (PGY-1s) from our standardized residents training center and randomly divided them into two groups: the traditional teaching group and PSBL group...
October 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082634/learning-curve-and-advantages-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-as-a-first-line-diagnostic-and-staging-procedure
#6
Ching-Kai Lin, Chao-Lun Lai, Lih-Yu Chang, Yueh-Feng Wen, Chao-Chi Ho
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is now the standard for mediastinal lymph node staging of lung cancer. Training and maintenance of technical skills is very important in order to apply new techniques in clinical use. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA from November 2009 to December 2015. We assessed the learning curve, accuracy (%), and whether this procedure shortened the duration of lung cancer staging...
October 30, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074364/improving-surgical-safety-and-nontechnical-skills-in-variable-resource-contexts-a-novel-educational-curriculum
#7
Yihan Lin, John W Scott, Sojung Yi, Kathryn K Taylor, Georges Ntakiyiruta, Faustin Ntirenganya, Paulin Banguti, Steven Yule, Robert Riviello
OBJECTIVE: A substantial proportion of adverse intraoperative events are attributed to failures in nontechnical skills. To strengthen these skills and improve surgical safety, the Non-Technical Skills for Surgeons (NOTSS) taxonomy was developed as a common framework. The NOTSS taxonomy was adapted for low- and middle-income countries, where variable resources pose a significant challenge to safe surgery. The NOTSS for variable-resource contexts (VRC) curriculum was developed and implemented in Rwanda, with the aim of enhancing knowledge and attitudes about nontechnical skills and promoting surgical safety...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064518/simuleringstr%C3%A3-ning-ger-%C3%A3-kad-kunskap-och-b%C3%A3-ttre-f%C3%A3-rdigheter-men-os%C3%A3-kerhet-r%C3%A3-der-avseende-klinisk-nytta-d%C3%A3-m%C3%A3-nga-studier-brister-i-evidens
#8
Italo Masiello, Anna Mattsson
Medical simulation training - an overview of the evidence Medical simulation training has become an important model for training of technical and non-technical clinical skills, aiming at preventing avoidable mistakes. The evidence for effects of simulation training is increasing, and several systematic reviews on the effect of medical simulation training have been published. This article summarizes the evidence for medical simulation training based on systematic reviews of medical simulation published in the last three years...
October 23, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041781/nursing-students-perceptions-of-soft-skills-training-in-ghana
#9
Luke Laari, Barbara M Dube
BACKGROUND: The quality of nursing care rendered today is markedly reducing and the amount of time spent with patients listening to and explaining issues concerning their conditions is gradually diminishing. The therapeutic touch and the listening ear of the nurse are no longer accessible to the patient. Understanding what non-technical skills are and their relevance for healthcare practitioners has become a new area of consideration. Although recent literature has highlighted the necessity of introducing soft skills training and assessment within medical education, nursing education is yet to fully embrace this skills training...
September 22, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034649/implementation-a-medical-simulation-curriculum-in-emergency-medicine-residency-program
#10
Amirhossein Jahanshir, Maryam Bahreini, Mohsen Banaie, Mohammad Jallili, Shahram Hariri, Fatemeh Rasooli, Hamed Sotoodehnia, Javad Seyed Hosseini, Arash Safaie, Ehsan Karimi, Ali Labaf, Hadi Mir Fazaelian, Elnaz Vahidi
Applying simulation in medical education is becoming more and more popular. The use of simulation in medical training has led to effective learning and safer care for patients. Nowadays educators have confronted with the challenge of respecting patient safety or bedside teaching. There is widespread evidence, supported by robust research, systematic reviews and meta-analysis, on how much effective simulation is. Simulation supports the acquisition of procedural, technical and non-technical skills through repetitive practice with feedbacks...
August 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024977/safer-paediatric-surgical-teams-a-5-year-evaluation-of-crew-resource-management-implementation-and-outcomes
#11
Carl Savage, F Andrew Gaffney, Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb, Pia Olsson Ackheim, Gunilla Henricson, Irini Antoniadou, Mats Hedsköld, Karin Pukk Härenstam
Objective: Evaluate longitudinal changes in technical and non-technical skills (teamwork, situation monitoring, communication and leadership), safety culture, and clinical outcomes before and after implementation of a crew resource management (CRM) safety program. Design: A multi-level prospective single case study in accordance with the SQUIRE-guidelines for reporting quality improvement efforts. Setting: Large university paediatric surgical service...
September 7, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994033/the-effect-of-simulator-fidelity-on-acquiring-non-technical-skills-a-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#12
Yuqi Gu, Tobias Witter, Patty Livingston, Purnima Rao, Terry Varshney, Tom Kuca, M Dylan Bould
INTRODUCTION: As simulator fidelity (i.e., realism) increases from low to high, the simulator more closely resembles the real environment, but it also becomes more expensive. It is generally assumed that the use of high-fidelity simulators results in better learning; however, the effect of fidelity on learning non-technical skills (NTS) is unknown. This was a non-inferiority trial comparing the efficacy of high- vs low-fidelity simulators on learning NTS. METHODS: Thirty-six postgraduate medical trainees were recruited for the trial...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993439/intraoperative-non-technical-skills-a-critical-target-for-improving-surgical-outcomes
#13
EDITORIAL
Kara Vande Walle, Caprice Greenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985089/examining-participant-perceptions-of-an-interprofessional-simulation-based-trauma-team-training-for-medical-and-nursing-students
#14
Rune Bruhn Jakobsen, Sarah Frandsen Gran, Bergsvein Grimsmo, Kari Arntzen, Erik Fosse, Jan C Frich, Per Hjortdahl
High quality care relies on interprofessional teamwork. We developed a short simulation-based course for final year medical, nursing and nursing anaesthesia students, using scenarios from emergency medicine. The aim of this paper is to describe the adaptation of an interprofessional simulation course in an undergraduate setting and to report participants' experiences with the course and students' learning outcomes. We evaluated the course collecting responses from students through questionnaires with both closed-ended and open-ended questions, supplemented by the facilitators' assessment of students' performance...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974071/impact-of-sleep-deprivation-on-anaesthesia-residents-non-technical-skills-a-pilot-simulation-based-prospective-randomized-trial
#15
A Neuschwander, A Job, A Younes, A Mignon, C Delgoulet, P Cabon, J Mantz, A Tesniere
Background: Sleep deprivation is common in anaesthesia residents, but its impact on performance remains uncertain. Non-technical skills (team working, situation awareness, decision making, and task management) are key components of quality of care in anaesthesia, particularly in crisis situations occurring in the operating room. The impact of sleep deprivation on non-technical skills is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that in anaesthesia residents sleep deprivation is associated with impaired non-technical skills...
July 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971216/-does-annual-simulation-training-influence-the-safety-climate-of-a-university-hospital-prospective-5%C3%A2-year-investigation-using-dimensions-of-the-safety-attitude-questionnaire
#16
M St Pierre, C Gall, G Breuer, J Schüttler
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based training with a focus on non-technical skills can have a positive influence on safety relevant attitudes of participants. If an organization succeeds in training sufficient staff, it may experience a positive change in the safety climate. As the effects of a single training are of a transient nature, annual training sessions may lead to an incremental improvement of safety relevant attitudes of employees over time. In spring 2012 the Department of Anesthesia at the University Hospital of Erlangen established an annual simulation-based training for staff members (e...
October 2, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969656/inadequate-programming-insufficient-communication-and-non-compliance-with-the-basic-principles-of-maternal-death-audits-in-health-districts-in-burkina-faso-a-qualitative-study
#17
Boukaré Congo, Djénéba Sanon, Tieba Millogo, Charlemagne Marie Ouedraogo, Wambi Maurice E Yaméogo, Ziemlé Clement Meda, Seni Kouanda
BACKGROUND: Implementation of quality maternal death audits requires good programming, good communication and compliance with core principles. Studies on compliance with core principles in the conduct of maternal death audits (MDAs) exist but were conducted in urban areas, at the 2nd or 3rd level of the healthcare system, in experimental situations, or in a context of skills-building projects or technical platforms with an emphasis on the review of "near miss". This study aims to fill the gap of evidence on the implementation of MDAs in rural settings, at the first level of care and in the routine care situation in Burkina Faso...
September 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968282/recent-advances-of-simulation-in-obstetric-anesthesia
#18
Leslie A Schornack, Curtis L Baysinger, May C M Pian-Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Simulation training in obstetric anesthesia has become widespread in recent years. Simulations are used to train staff and trainees, assess and improve team performance, and evaluate the work environment. This review summarizes current research in these categories. RECENT FINDINGS: Simulation to improve individual technical skills has focused on induction of general anesthesia for emergent cesarean delivery, an infrequently encountered scenario by anesthesia trainees...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952885/predictors-of-attitudes-towards-non-technical-skills-in-farming
#19
Amy Irwin, Jill Poots
OBJECTIVES: Farming is a high risk sector with up to 170,000 worldwide fatalities reported per year; it is therefore vital to identify methods of mitigating the dangers of this industry. Research within high-risk industries, such as aviation, shipping, and agriculture, has identified the importance of non-technical skills (NTS) in maintaining effective, safe performance and reducing error and injury. However, there is a lack of research evaluating factors that may contribute to NTS attitudes and behaviors...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924602/factors-defining-expertise-in-screening-colonoscopy
#20
Kinesh Patel, Anna Pinto, Omar Faiz, Matt Rutter, Siwan Thomas-Gibson
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  There is very little literature defining characteristics of expert endoscopists. It is hypothesised that previously undetermined human factors may correlate with high performance in screening colonoscopists. The aim of this study was to determine factors contributing towards expertise in screening colonoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A focus group was used to hypothesise skills considered to be relevant to high performance in colonoscopy...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
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