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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089709/objective-assessment-of-dietary-patterns-by-use-of-metabolic-phenotyping-a-randomised-controlled-crossover-trial
#1
Isabel Garcia-Perez, Joram M Posma, Rachel Gibson, Edward S Chambers, Tue H Hansen, Henrik Vestergaard, Torben Hansen, Manfred Beckmann, Oluf Pedersen, Paul Elliott, Jeremiah Stamler, Jeremy K Nicholson, John Draper, John C Mathers, Elaine Holmes, Gary Frost
BACKGROUND: Accurate monitoring of changes in dietary patterns in response to food policy implementation is challenging. Metabolic profiling allows simultaneous measurement of hundreds of metabolites in urine, the concentrations of which can be affected by food intake. We hypothesised that metabolic profiles of urine samples developed under controlled feeding conditions reflect dietary intake and can be used to model and classify dietary patterns of free-living populations. METHODS: In this randomised, controlled, crossover trial, we recruited healthy volunteers (aged 21-65 years, BMI 20-35 kg/m(2)) from a database of a clinical research unit in the UK...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089404/the-schhs-hip-fracture-clinical-network-experience-improving-care-and-outcomes-through-an-interprofessional-approach
#2
Gillian Puckeridge, Morné Terblanche, Debbie Massey
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are a major global health care issue, with the 1.26 million estimated cases in 1990 predicted to increase to 4.5 million by 2050. Varying models of care have been developed to improve outcomes following fragility hip fractures. Most of these care models embrace an interprofessional approach to care. Specialist orthopedic nurses play an important role in the management of fragility hip fracture patients and their contribution to the interprofessional health care team is an important predictor of patient outcomes...
December 18, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079815/morning-breathing-exercises-prolong-lifespan-by-improving-hyperventilation-in-people-living-with-respiratory-cancer
#3
Wei-Jie Wu, Shan-Huan Wang, Wei Ling, Li-Jun Geng, Xiao-Xi Zhang, Lan Yu, Jun Chen, Jiang-Xi Luo, Hai-Lu Zhao
Disturbance of oxygen-carbon dioxide homeostasis has an impact on cancer. Little is known about the effect of breath training on cancer patients. Here we report our 10-year experience with morning breathing exercises (MBE) in peer-support programs for cancer survivors.We performed a cohort study to investigate long-term surviving patients with lung cancer (LC) and nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) who practiced MBE on a daily basis. End-tidal breath holding time (ETBHT) after MBE was measured to reflect improvement in alveolar O2 pressure and alveolar CO2 pressure capacity...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076306/parallel-diurnal-fluctuation-of-testosterone-androstenedione-dehydroepiandrosterone-and-17ohprogesterone-as-assessed-in-serum-and-saliva-validation-of-a-novel-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-salivary-steroid-profiling
#4
Marco Mezzullo, Alessia Fazzini, Alessandra Gambineri, Guido Di Dalmazi, Roberta Mazza, Carla Pelusi, Valentina Vicennati, Renato Pasquali, Uberto Pagotto, Flaminia Fanelli
BACKGROUND: Salivary androgen testing represents a valuable source of biological information. However, the proper measurement of such low levels is challenging for direct immunoassays, lacking adequate accuracy. In the last few years, many conflicting findings reporting low correlation with the serum counterparts have hampered the clinical application of salivary androgen testing. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) makes it possible to overcome previous analytical limits, providing new insights in endocrinology practice...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075178/the-scope-of-physiotherapy-services-provided-in-public-icus-in-greece-a-pilot-study
#5
Eirini Grammatopoulou, Theodoros N Charmpas, Eftychia G Strati, Nikolaos Tsamis, Afroditi Evagelodimou, Vlassia Belimpasaki, Emmanouil K Skordilis
The aim of the present study was to determine the scope of physiotherapy services provided in Greek ICUs in Athens. A cross-sectional study was conducted with two postal questionnaires administered separately, one for ICU directors and one for ICU physiotherapists. Responses were received from 19 ICU directors and 103 physiotherapists employed in all the adult public mixed medical and surgical ICUs across Athens. The response rate for the survey completion was 100% for ICU directors and 68.7% for physiotherapists...
January 11, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072731/focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-lagged-behind-the-onset-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-by-7-years-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Yang Liu, Hong-Yan Wen, Li-Hua Wang, Chen Wang
INTRODUCTION: The co-existence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), presenting either together or in succession, is very rare. A variety of histopathological features in the clinical renal disease may occur in RA. Only 8 studies have previously reported this poorly understood connection. CLINICAL FINDINGS/DIAGNOSES: A case of a 54-year-old male with RA lasting for more than 7 years developed cheirarthritis as the first signs...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072711/the-coexistence-of-sapho-syndrome-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report
#7
Wenrui Xu, Chen Li, Weihong Zhang
RATIONAL: SAPHO (Synovitis-Acne-Pustulosis-Hyperstosis-Osteitis) syndrome is a rare disease featured by its dermatological and osteoarthritic disorders, the latter of which mainly affecting the anterior chest wall, spine, and sacroiliac joint. However, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease, mainly affecting the synovial tissue of small joints in hands and feet. Here, we present an extremely rare case diagnosed with both SAPHO syndrome and RA, with an onset interval of 10 years...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065769/habitual-and-recent-sleep-durations-graded-and-interactive-risk-for-impaired-glycemic-control-in-a-biracial-population
#8
Donald L Bliwise, Sophia A Greer, Michael K Scullin, Lawrence S Phillips
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We examined how habitual sleep duration interacts with recent sleep (two nights) to predict morning oral glucose tolerance test results. We hypothesized short habitual and recent sleep durations would be additive for poor glucose control. METHODS: A biracial population of adults (n = 1,559) without known diabetes and recruited from the workforce of two urban universities was assessed for glycated hemoglobin and underwent oral glucose tolerance testing...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063861/common-and-distinct-characteristics-associated-with-trajectories-of-morning-and-evening-energy-in-oncology-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#9
Hamza Abid, Kord M Kober, Betty Smoot, Steven M Paul, Marilyn Hammer, Jon D Levine, Kathryn Lee, Fay Wright, Bruce A Cooper, Yvette P Conley, Christine Miaskowski
CONTEXT: While energy conservation strategies are recommended in clinical practice guidelines, little is known about changes in energy levels in oncology patients undergoing cancer treatment. OBJECTIVES: To identify variations in the trajectories of morning and evening energy levels and to determine which characteristics predicted initial levels as well as the trajectories of morning and evening energy. METHODS: Outpatients receiving chemotherapy (CTX) completed demographic and symptom questionnaires six times over two CTX cycles...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063683/diphasic-dyskinesias-during-levodopa-carbidopa-intestinal-gel-lcig-infusion-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Meloni Mario, Solla Paolo, Mascia Mario Marcello, Marrosu Francesco, Cannas Antonino
OBJECTIVES: Levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel infusion (LCIG) is indicated in patients with advanced levodopa-responsive Parkinson's disease (PD) for the treatment of motor fluctuations and dyskinesias. Here we describe 4 PD patients who developed disabling diphasic dyskinesias after LCIG initiation. METHODS: The clinical data of 33 PD patients consecutively treated with LCIG therapy were obtained through direct clinical observation and detailed review of medical records...
December 31, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060925/associations-of-self-reported-sleep-quality-with-circulating-interferon-gamma-inducible-protein-10-interleukin-6-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-healthy-menopausal-women
#11
Wan-Yu Huang, Chih-Cheng Huang, Chia-Chu Chang, Chew-Teng Kor, Ting-Yu Chen, Hung-Ming Wu
INTRODUCTION: Sleep disturbance is very common in menopausal women and poor sleep quality has been linked to systemic inflammation. However, the impact of poor sleep quality on health outcomes of menopausal women remains unclear. This study evaluated the relationships between sleep quality and inflammation in menopausal women. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study enrolled 281 healthy women aged 45 to 60 years. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to measure quality of sleep...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058148/pain-perception-in-phacoemulsification-with-topical-anesthesia-and-evaluation-of-factors-related-with-pain
#12
Zeynep Dadacı, Mehmet Borazan, Nurşen Öncel Acır
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of pain during and after phacoemulsification with topical anesthesia in patients with senile cataract and investigation of factors related with pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-two adult patients scheduled for routine clear corneal phacoemulsification with topical anesthesia who had no previous cataract surgery in their fellow eyes were included in the study. Verbal pain scale and visual analog scale were used to measure pain intensity...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057622/seasonal-ambient-changes-influence-inpatient-falls
#13
Chie Magota, Hiroyuki Sawatari, Shin-Ichi Ando, Mari K Nishizaka, Kaoru Tanaka, Kaori Horikoshi, Izumi Hoashi, Hashiguchi Nobuko, Tomoko Ohkusa, Akiko Chishaki
BACKGROUND: falls by inpatients often result in serious injuries and deterioration in a patient's physical abilities and quality of life, especially among older individuals. Although various factors have been found to be associated with falls, the combined effects of behavioural and ambient factors are not fully evaluated. OBJECTIVE: we investigated the influence of both behavioural and ambient factors on inpatient falls, focusing on seasonal and diurnal variations...
January 4, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056006/human-rabies-puerto-rico-2015
#14
Ashley Styczynski, Cuc Tran, Emilio Dirlikov, María Ramos Zapata, Kyle Ryff, Brett Petersen, Anibal Cruz Sanchez, Marrielle Mayshack, Laura Castro Martinez, Rene Condori, James Ellison, Lillian Orciari, Pamela Yager, Rafael González Peña, Dario Sanabria, Julio Cádiz Velázquez, Dana Thomas, Brenda Rivera García
On December 1, 2015, the Puerto Rico Department of Health (PRDH) was notified by a local hospital of a suspected human rabies case. The previous evening, a Puerto Rican man aged 54 years arrived at the emergency department with fever, difficulty swallowing, hand paresthesia, cough, and chest tightness. The next morning the patient left against medical advice but returned to the emergency department in the afternoon with worsening symptoms. The patient's wife reported that he had been bitten by a mongoose during the first week of October, but had not sought care for the bite...
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055262/cross-cultural-validity-of-morningness-eveningness-stability-scale-improved-messi-in-iran-spain-and-germany
#15
Arash Rahafar, Christoph Randler, Juan F Díaz-Morales, Ali Kasaeian, Zeinab Heidari
Morningness-Eveningness Stability Scale improved (MESSi) is a newly constructed measure to assess circadian types and amplitude. In this study, we applied this measure to participants from three different countries: Germany, Spain and Iran. Confirmatory factorial analysis (CFA) of MESSi displayed mediocre fit in the three countries. Comparing increasingly stringent models using multigroup confirmatory factor analyses indicated at least partial measurement invariance (metric invariance) by country for Morning Affect and Distinctness subscales...
January 5, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052111/8-way-randomized-controlled-trial-of-doxylamine-pyridoxine-and-dicyclomine-for-nausea-and-vomiting-during-pregnancy-restoration-of-unpublished-information
#16
Rujun Zhang, Navindra Persaud
OBJECTIVES: We report information about an unpublished 1970s study ("8-way" Bendectin Study) that aimed to evaluate the relative therapeutic efficacy of doxylamine, pyridoxine, and dicyclomine in the management of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. We are publishing the trial's findings according to the restoring invisible and abandoned trials (RIAT) initiative because the trial was never published. DESIGN: Double blinded, multi-centred, randomized placebo-controlled study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049127/association-between-morning-symptoms-and-physical-activity-in-copd-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Amanda R van Buul, Marise J Kasteleyn, Niels H Chavannes, Christian Taube
Morning symptoms are common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Many COPD patients consider the morning as the most troublesome part of the day, in which they experience more symptoms and physical activity limitations.To systematically report evidence of the association between morning symptoms and physical activity in COPD patients, a literature search was conducted using relevant MESH terms and text words in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, COCHRANE, CINAHL and PsycINFO. Quality of the articles was assessed with validated checklists...
January 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047918/su-f-t-464-development-of-a-secondary-check-procedure-to-evaluated-flatness-and-symmetry-discrepancies-detected-during-daily-morning-qa
#18
M Wagar, S Friesen, Y Lyatskaya, D O'Farrell, M Bhagwat
PURPOSE: A daily QA device is used to monitor output, flatness and symmetry constancy for all linac photon and electron energies. If large deviations from baseline in flatness or symmetry are reported it becomes necessary to crosscheck the measurements with a second device. Setting up another device such as Matrixx (IBA Dosimetry) can be time consuming, due to its warm-up time, and trained personnel may not be readily available to analyze the results. Furthermore, this discrepancy is frequently isolated to a single energy...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027388/spinal-anesthesia-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-lumbar-spine-surgery
#19
Noah L Lessing, Charles C Edwards, Charles H Brown, Emily C Ledford, Clayton L Dean, Charles Lin, Charles C Edwards
Spinal anesthesia is increasingly viewed as a reasonable alternative to general anesthesia for lumbar spine surgery. However, the results of spinal anesthesia in elderly patients undergoing lumbar spine decompression and combined decompression and fusion procedures are limited in the literature. The aim of this study was to report a single institution's experience using spinal anesthesia in elderly patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery. A retrospective review was conducted using a prospectively collected database of consecutive lumbar spine surgeries performed under spinal anesthesia in patients 70 years or older at a single center between December 2013 and October 2015...
December 27, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013123/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-intranasal-insulin-on-cognition-and-mood-in-individuals-with-treatment-resistant-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Danielle S Cha, Michael W Best, Christopher R Bowie, Laura Ashley Gallaugher, Hanna O Woldeyohannes, Joanna K Soczynska, Gary Lewis, Glenda MacQueen, Barbara J Sahakian, Sidney H Kennedy, Jane P Lui, Rodrigo B Mansur, Roger S McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Cognitive dysfunction in major depressive disorder (MDD) is identified as a primary therapeutic target; no current treatment is approved for the treatment of cognitive dysfunction in MDD. We examined whether intranasal insulin offered a beneficial effect across measures of cognitive function in adults with MDD. METHODS: Thirty-five adults (18-65 years of age: 47.09±9.89) meeting criteria for a major depressive episode as per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-IV-Treatment Revised were included in this randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design study...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
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