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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675419/a-cross-sectional-study-into-the-prevalence-of-dairy-cattle-lameness-and-associated-herd-level-risk-factors-in-england-and-wales
#1
Bethany E Griffiths, Dai Grove White, Georgios Oikonomou
Lameness is one of the most pressing issues within the dairy industry; it has severe economic implications while causing a serious impact on animal welfare. A study conducted approximately 10 years ago found the within farm lameness prevalence in the UK to be 36.8%. Our objective here is to provide an update on within farm lameness prevalence in the UK, and to provide further evidence on farm level risk factors. A convenience sample of 61 dairy farms were recruited across England and Wales from September 2015 to December 2016...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669539/cross-sectional-associations-between-weight-related-health-behaviors-and-weight-misperception-among-u-s-adolescents-with-overweight-obesity
#2
Samantha L Hahn, Kelley A Borton, Kendrin R Sonneville
BACKGROUND: Weight misperception occurs when there is a discrepancy between one's actual and perceived weight status. Among adolescents with overweight/obesity, many believe that correcting weight misperception is imperative to inspire weight-related behavior change. However, past research has shown that adolescents with overweight/obesity who misperceive their weight status gain less weight over time compared to accurate perceivers. Therefore, our objective was to examine possible mechanisms underlying this relationship...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665984/emergency-department-overcrowding-quality-improvement-in-a-taiwan-medical-center
#3
Chen-Mei Hsu, Li-Lin Liang, Yun-Te Chang, Wang-Chuan Juang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Overcrowding of hospital emergency departments (ED) is a worldwide health problem. The Taiwan Joint Commission on Hospital Accreditation has stressed the importance of finding solutions to overcrowding, including, reducing the number of patients with >48 h stay in the ED. Moreover, the Ministry of Health and Welfare aims at transferring non-critical patients to district or regional hospitals. We report the results of our Quality Improvement Project (QIP) on ED overcrowding, especially focusing on reducing length of stay (LOS) in ED...
April 14, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660025/morning-cortisol-is-associated-with-stress-and-sleep-in-elite-military-men-a-brief-report
#4
Lisa M Hernández, Rachel R Markwald, Shiloah A Kviatkovsky, Lori N Perry, Marcus K Taylor
Introduction: Accumulating evidence suggests that trends in salivary cortisol after awakening may be reliable biological predictors of morbidity and mortality. In a sample of elite military men, our lab recently established summary parameters of morning cortisol as well as their stability across 2 d of repeated sampling. Materials and Methods: In this follow-on study, we evaluated summary parameters and their relationships to theoretically relevant demographic (i...
April 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658803/evening-types-demonstrate-reduced-ssri-treatment-efficacy
#5
E M McGlashan, S P A Drummond, S W Cain
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have a profound effect on the circadian system's response to environmental light, which may impact treatment outcomes for patients depending on their habitual light exposure patterns. Here, we investigated the relationship between time-of-day preference, depressive symptoms and self-reported antidepressant treatment response. Evening types reported having taken a higher number of antidepressant medications in the previous 5 years and lower SSRI efficacy than morning types...
April 16, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657095/epidemiology-of-bus-fires-in-mainland-china-from-2006-to-2015
#6
Yong Liu, Pan Wu, Jon Kee Ho, Haiping Hua, Haojiao Chen, Ying Cen, Songxue Guo, Chunmao Han, Xingang Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study analyses the epidemiological characteristics of bus fires in mainland China over the past 10 years to develop prevention strategies and emergency procedures for such incidence and the resulting casualties. METHODS: We collected reports on bus fires from the media and news websites and looked up on Medline, PubMed, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases for relevant publications in English or Chinese from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2015...
April 12, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652699/impact-of-the-glymphatic-system-on-the-kinetic-and-distribution-of-gadodiamide-in-the-rat-brain-observations-by-dynamic-mri-and-effect-of-circadian-rhythm-on-tissue-gadolinium-concentrations
#7
Toshiaki Taoka, Gregor Jost, Thomas Frenzel, Shinji Naganawa, Hubertus Pietsch
OBJECTIVES: The glymphatic system is a recently hypothesized waste clearance system of the brain in which perivascular space constitutes a pathway similar to the lymphatic system in other body regions. Sleep and anesthesia are reported to influence the activity of the glymphatic system. Because rats are nocturnal animals, the glymphatic system is expected to be more active during the day. We attempted to elucidate the influence of the glymphatic system for intravenously injected gadodiamide in the rat brain by 2 experiments...
April 12, 2018: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651510/-vomiting-and-collapse-of-a-28-year-old-male-long-distance-runner-in-middle-european-summer
#8
J Herold, A Mitrasch, E Lorenz, U Lodes, I Tanev, R Braun-Dullaeus, F Meyer
BACKGROUND: Hyperthermia often ends fatally and must therefore be promptly recognized and adequately treated. CASE: A 28-year-old man participated in a long-distance race (3 km) on a hot summer day (28 °C). The runner collapsed, had to vomit but continued the run and reached the finish. Neurologically, the patient presented with intermittent cerebral seizures. External cooling batteries were immediately applied and cold infusions were started. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit of the university hospital (body temperature 40...
April 12, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645010/adding-patient-reported-outcomes-to-a-multisite-registry-to-quantify-quality-of-life-and-experiences-of-disease-and-treatment-for-youth-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#9
Elissa R Weitzman, Lauren E Wisk, Parissa K Salimian, Kara M Magane, Fatma Dedeoglu, Aimee O Hersh, Yukiko Kimura, Kenneth D Mandl, Sarah Ringold, Marc Natter
Background: Children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) often have poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) despite advances in treatment. Patient-centered research may shed light on how patient experiences of treatment and disease contribute to HRQOL, pinpointing directions for improving care and enhancing outcomes. Methods: Parent proxies of youth enrolled in the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) Registry shared patient-reported outcomes about their child's HRQOL and experiences of disease and treatment burden (pain interference, morning stiffness, history of medication side effects and methotrexate intolerance)...
2018: Journal of patient-reported outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642757/associations-between-chronotype-morbidity-and-mortality-in-the-uk-biobank-cohort
#10
Kristen L Knutson, Malcolm von Schantz
Later chronotype (i.e. evening preference) and later timing of sleep have been associated with greater morbidity, including higher rates of metabolic dysfunction and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, no one has examined whether chronotype is associated with mortality risk to date. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that being an evening type is associated with increased mortality in a large cohort study, the UK Biobank. Our analysis included 433 268 adults aged 38-73 at the time of enrolment and an average 6...
April 11, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625018/sugar-sensor-genes-in-the-murine-gastrointestinal-tract-display-a-cephalocaudal-axis-of-expression-and-a-diurnal-rhythm
#11
Patrick O'Brien, Rhys Hewett, Christopher Corpe
Distributed along the length of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are nutrient sensing cells that release numerous signalling peptides influencing GI function, nutrient homeostasis and energy balance. Recent studies have shown a diurnal rhythm in GI nutrient sensing, but the mechanisms responsible for rhythmicity are poorly understood. In this report we studied murine GI sugar sensor gene and protein expression levels in the morning (7am) and evening (7pm). Sweet taste receptor (tas1r2/tas1r3/gnat3/ gnat1) sugar transporter (slc5a1, slc2a2, slc2a5) and putative sugar sensor (slc5a4a and slc5a4b) gene expression levels were highest in tongue, proximal and distal small intestine, respectively...
April 6, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623062/lucid-dreaming-intensity-but-not-frequency-is-inversely-related-to-psychopathology
#12
Liat Aviram, Nirit Soffer-Dudek
Lucid dreaming (LD) is awareness that one is dreaming, during the dream state. However, some define and assess LD relying also on controlling dream events, although control is present only in a subset of lucid dreams. LD has been claimed to represent well-being, and has even been used as a therapeutic agent. Conversely, LD is associated with mixed sleep-wake states, which are related to bizarre cognitions, stress, and psychopathology, and have been construed as arousal permeating and disrupting sleep. We propose that previous conflicting findings regarding relations between LD and both psychopathology and well-being, stem from the non-differentiated assessment of frequency and control...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622043/aripiprazole-induced-sleep-related-eating-disorder-a-case-report
#13
Nobuyuki Kobayashi, Masahiro Takano
BACKGROUND: Sleep-related eating disorder is characterized by parasomnia with recurrent episodes of nocturnal eating or drinking during the main sleep period. Several drugs, including atypical antipsychotics, induce sleep-related eating disorder. However, aripiprazole has not previously been associated with sleep-related eating disorder. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old Japanese man visited our clinic complaining of depression. The patient was treated with sertraline, which was titrated up to 100 mg for 4 weeks...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619938/sunscreen-use-at-danish-beaches-and-how-to-improve-coverage
#14
Ida M Heerfordt
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from the sun is the main risk factor for development of skin cancer. The incidence of skin cancer in Denmark and worldwide is high and increasing. The overall aim was to achieve basic knowledge about sun protection with sunscreen among beachgoers in Denmark. Other aims were to establish a method to investigate sunscreen distribution on the body and to test two approaches to optimize the used amount and body distribution of sunscreen. Furthermore, time and duration of a beach visit and use of protective clothes among beachgoers were determined to investigate the risk the beachgoers expose themselves to...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617177/challenges-in-conducting-a-community-based-influenza-vaccine-trial-in-a-rural-community-in-northern-india
#15
Rakesh Kumar, Ritvik Amarchand, Venkatesh Vinayak Narayan, Siddhartha Saha, Kathryn E Lafond, Suresh K Kapoor, Lalit Dar, Seema Jain, Anand Krishnan
Evidence on influenza vaccine effectiveness from low and middle countries (LMICs) is limited due to limited institutional capacities; lack of adequate resources; and lack of interest by ministries of health for influenza vaccine introduction. There are concerns that the highest ethical standards will be compromised during trials in LMICs leading to mistrust of clinical trials. These factors pose regulatory and operational challenges to researchers in these countries. We conducted a community-based vaccine trial to assess the efficacy of live attenuated influenza vaccine and inactivated influenza vaccine in rural north India...
April 4, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609597/targeted-application-of-an-organophosphate-based-paint-applied-on-windows-and-doors-against-anopheles-coluzzii-resistant-to-pyrethroids-under-real-life-conditions-in-vall%C3%A3-e-du-kou-burkina-faso-west-africa
#16
Serge B Poda, Dieudonné D Soma, Aristide Hien, Moussa Namountougou, Olivier Gnankiné, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Florence Fournet, Thierry Baldet, Santiago Mas-Coma, Beatriz Mosqueira, Roch K Dabiré
BACKGROUND: A novel strategy applying an organophosphate-based insecticide paint on doors and windows in combination with long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) was tested for the control of pyrethroid-resistant malaria vectors in a village setting in Vallée du Kou, a rice-growing area west of Burkina Faso. METHODS: Insecticide Paint Inesfly 5A IGR™, comprised of two organophosphates and an insect growth regulator, was applied to doors and windows and tested in combination with pyrethroid-treated LLINs...
April 2, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608582/asthma-and-copd-overlap-aco-is-related-to-a-high-burden-of-sleep-disturbance-and-respiratory-symptoms-results-from-the-rhine-and-swedish-ga2len-surveys
#17
Stephanie Mindus, Andrei Malinovschi, Linda Ekerljung, Bertil Forsberg, Thórarinn Gíslason, Rain Jõgi, Karl A Franklin, Mathias Holm, Ane Johannessen, Roelinde Middelveld, Vivi Schlünssen, Cecilie Svanes, Kjell Torén, Eva Lindberg, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: The term Asthma and COPD Overlap (ACO) describes a condition where asthma and COPD overlap. We aimed to investigate associations between ACO and insomnia and respiratory symptoms, and to investigate the prevalence of ACO and the characteristics of subjects with ACO in two Northern European population studies. METHODS: The study comprised 25 429 subjects aged ≥ 40 years who participated in one of two Northern European general population surveys. Both surveys included questions on asthma, COPD, respiratory and sleep-related symptoms, including difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, early-morning awakening, and excessive daytime sleepiness...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607099/building-a-safety-culture-in-global-health-lessons-from-guatemala
#18
REVIEW
Henry E Rice, Randall Lou-Meda, Anthony T Saxton, Bria E Johnston, Carla C Ramirez, Sindy Mendez, Eli N Rice, Bernardo Aidar, Brad Taicher, Joy Noel Baumgartner, Judy Milne, Allan S Frankel, J Bryan Sexton
Programmes to modify the safety culture have led to lasting improvements in patient safety and quality of care in high-income settings around the world, although their use in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) has been limited. This analysis explores (1) how to measure the safety culture using a health culture survey in an LMIC and (2) how to use survey data to develop targeted safety initiatives using a paediatric nephrology unit in Guatemala as a field test case. We used the Safety, Communication, Operational Reliability, and Engagement survey to assess staff views towards 13 health climate and engagement domains...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603017/an-open-label-pilot-study-of-a-home-wearable-light-therapy-device-for-postpartum-depression
#19
Leslie M Swanson, Helen J Burgess, Jennifer Zollars, J Todd Arnedt
We sought to establish the feasibility and preliminary effects of home-wearable light therapy for postpartum depression, and its effects on circadian measures. Eight women within 6 months postpartum were prescribed 60 min of daily morning light therapy for 5 weeks. The device was well tolerated. Significant improvements were observed in self-report and clinician-rated depression symptoms, with little change in objective circadian measures. Home-wearable light therapy is feasible for postpartum women and may be a promising treatment for postpartum depression...
March 30, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602823/urinary-excretion-of-platinum-from-south-african-precious-metals-refinery-workers
#20
Stephanus J L Linde, Anja Franken, Johannes L du Plessis
BACKGROUND: Urinary platinum (Pt) excretion is a reliable biomarker for occupational Pt exposure and has been previously reported for precious metals refinery workers in Europe but not for South Africa, the world's largest producer of Pt. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify the urinary Pt excretion of South African precious metals refinery workers. METHODS: Spot urine samples were collected from 40 workers (directly and indirectly exposed to Pt) at two South African precious metals refineries on three consecutive mornings prior to their shifts...
March 30, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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