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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913962/bathing-and-associated-treatments-in-atopic-dermatitis
#1
REVIEW
Julia K Gittler, Jason F Wang, Seth J Orlow
Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common complaints presenting to dermatologists, and patients typically inquire as to appropriate bathing recommendations. Although many dermatologists, allergists, and primary-care practitioners provide explicit bathing instructions, recommendations regarding frequency of bathing, duration of bathing, and timing related to emollient and medication application relative to bathing vary widely. Conflicting and vague guidelines stem from knowledge related to the disparate effects of water on skin, as well as a dearth of studies, especially randomized controlled trials, evaluating the effects of water and bathing on the skin of patients with atopic dermatitis...
December 3, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913772/safety-assessment-of-formic-acid-and-sodium-formate-as-used-in-cosmetics
#2
Wilbur Johnson, Bart Heldreth, Wilma F Bergfeld, Donald V Belsito, Ronald A Hill, Curtis D Klaassen, Daniel C Liebler, James G Marks, Ronald C Shank, Thomas J Slaga, Paul W Snyder, F Alan Andersen
Formic acid functions as a fragrance ingredient, preservative, and pH adjuster in cosmetic products, whereas sodium formate functions as a preservative. Because of its acidic properties, formic acid is a dermal and ocular irritant. However, when used as a pH adjuster in cosmetic formulations, formic acid will be neutralized to yield formate salts, for example, sodium formate, thus minimizing safety concerns. Formic acid and sodium formate have been used at concentrations up to 0.2% and 0.34%, respectively, with hair care products accounting for the highest use concentrations of both ingredients...
November 2016: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913607/autoimmune-comorbidities-in-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-different-patterns-of-association-in-adulthood-and-childhood-adolescence
#3
R M Ruggeri, F Trimarchi, G Giuffrida, R Certo, E Cama, A Campennì, A Alibrandi, F De Luca, M Wasniewska
OBJECTIVE: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), the most common autoimmune thyroid disease at any age, is often associated with other autoimmune diseases. The present study was aimed to describe the type and frequency of non-thyroidal autoimmune diseases (NTADs) in HT patients and to delineate the clinical pattern of diseases clustering in pediatric/adolescent and adult age. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 1053 newly diagnosed HT patients (500 adults (467 F, mean age 40...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913457/treatment-of-blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasm
#4
Jill M Sullivan, David A Rizzieri
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare myeloid malignancy with no defined standard of care. BPDCN presents most commonly with skin lesions with or without extramedullary organ involvement before leukemic dissemination. As a result of its clinical ambiguity, differentiating BPDCN from benign skin lesions or those of acute myeloid leukemia with leukemia cutis is challenging. BPDCN is most easily defined by the phenotype CD4(+)CD56(+)CD123(+)lineage(-)MPO(-), although many patients will present with variable expression of CD4, CD56, or alternate plasmacytoid markers, which compounds the difficulty in differentiating BPDCN from other myeloid or lymphoid malignancies...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912751/anti-aging-and-tyrosinase-inhibition-effects-of-cassia-fistula-flower-butanolic-extract
#5
Pornngarm Limtrakul, Supachai Yodkeeree, Pilaiporn Thippraphan, Wanisa Punfa, Jatupol Srisomboon
BACKGROUND: Natural products made from plant sources have been used in a variety of cosmetic applications as a source of nutrition and as a whitening agent. The flowers of Cassia fistula L, family Fabaceae, have been used as a traditional medicine for skin diseases and wound healing and have been reported to possess anti-oxidant properties. The anti-aging effect of C. fistula flower extract on human skin fibroblast was investigated. METHODS: The butanolic extraction of C...
December 3, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911468/radical-cystectomy-and-cutaneous-ureterostomy-in-4-dogs-with-trigonal-transitional-cell-carcinoma-description-of-technique-and-case-series
#6
Rafael Ricardo Huppes, Leandro Z Crivellenti, Andrigo Barboza De Nardi, Bruno Roque Lima, Cristiane Alves Cintra, Jorge Luiz Costa Castro, Christopher A Adin
OBJECTIVE: To describe radical cystectomy followed by cutaneous ureterostomy as a treatment of invasive bladder neoplasia in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder trigone (n=4). METHODS: Perioperative complications and long-term outcomes of dogs that underwent cutaneous ureterostomy following radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder trigone were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#7
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909641/a-case-series-of-complex-recalcitrant-wounds-treated-with-epidermal-grafts-harvested-from-an-automated-device
#8
Stephen S Cai, Arvind U Gowda, Karan Chopra, Rachel Waldman, Ronald P Silverman, Yvonne M Rasko
INTRODUCTION: Epidermal grafting has several advantages over full-thickness or split-thickness grafts in the treatment of complex non-healing wounds. These include the low risk of donor site complications, minimal patient discomfort, and abstention from the operating room. Traditionally, the lack of reliable epidermal harvesting techniques has limited its clinical utilization. The development of an automated suction blister epidermal graft (SBEG) harvesting device may facilitate clinical utilization of this technique...
October 30, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909086/the-12-item-psoriatic-arthritis-impact-of-disease-questionnaire-construct-validity-reliability-and-interpretability-in-a-clinical-setting
#9
Marco Di Carlo, Andrea Becciolini, Valentina Lato, Chiara Crotti, Ennio Giulio Favalli, Fausto Salaffi
OBJECTIVE: To study, in a real-life setting, the construct validity, the reliability, and the interpretability of the 12-item Psoriatic Arthritis Impact of Disease (PsAID-12) questionnaire in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: In 144 consecutive patients with PsA (81 men and 63 women, mean age of 51.4 ± 12.8 yrs, and 77 receiving biologic treatment), the PsAID-12 and other patient-reported outcomes (PRO) were collected, such as the Dermatology Life Quality Index...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908679/skin-surface-brachytherapy-a-survey-of-contemporary-practice-patterns
#10
Anna O Likhacheva, Phillip M Devlin, Shervin M Shirvani, Christopher A Barker, Phillip Beron, Ajay Bhatnagar, Stephen W Doggett, Lawrence Hochman, Charles Hsu, Michael Kasper, Martin Keisch, Subhakar Mutyala, Bradley Prestidge, Silvia Rodriguez Villalba, Vershalee Shukla, Srinath Sundararaman, Mitchell Kamrava
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to define current patterns of care among radiation oncologists who use skin surface brachytherapy for the treatment of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in academic and community settings. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A 30-question electronic survey was administered to clinician members of the American Brachytherapy Society. The respondents were asked to provide details regarding their clinical practice and their approach to skin surface brachytherapy...
November 28, 2016: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907197/clinical-experience-of-patients-receiving-doripenem-containing-regimens-for-the-treatment-of-healthcare-associated-infections
#11
Chien-Ming Chao, Chi-Chung Chen, Hui-Ling Huang, Yin-Ching Chuang, Chih-Cheng Lai, Hung-Jen Tang
In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical experience of patients receiving doripenem-containing regimens for the treatment of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) in a tertiary care center and assessed the clinical usefulness of doripenem therapy in this clinical setting. In this retrospective study, the medical records of all adult patients who had ever received doripenem-containing therapy for the treatment of HCAIs were reviewed between September 1, 2012 and August 31, 2014, and the following data were extracted: age, gender, type of infection, disease severity, underlying comorbidities or conditions, and laboratory results...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906732/safety-profile-of-children-in-an-enclosure-bed
#12
Eileen Sherburne, Julia A Snethen, Sheryl Kelber
PURPOSE: Pediatric nurses care for many children in the hospital setting whose behavioral challenges can impact safety. One intervention utilized to prevent injury and improve safety when caring for this population of children has been the enclosure bed. Scant information was found in the literature that discusses the use of the enclosure bed in the pediatric setting. The purpose of this article is to examine the use of the enclosure bed in the pediatric setting. A secondary aim is to identify the population of children where an enclosure bed was implemented and the safety factors associated with use of the enclosure bed...
January 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904178/topical-steroid-awareness-and-abuse-a-prospective-study-among-dermatology-outpatients
#13
T S Nagesh, A Akhilesh
BACKGROUND: Topical steroids are one of the most commonly abused drugs. There are only a few studies available which have highlighted the severity of this problem in India. However, these studies have concentrated mainly on the topical steroid abuse and its side effects over the face. AIMS: The aim of this study was to know the awareness among the people about various commonly available topical steroids and their combinations irrespective of usage and to know the extent of misuse of these drugs...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904177/a-clinicopathological-analysis-of-primary-cutaneous-lymphomas-a-6-year-observational-study-at-a-tertiary-care-center-of-south-india
#14
Anza Khader, Shiny Padinjarayil Manakkad, Mohammed Shaan, Sarita Sasidharan Pillai, Najeeba Riyaz, P Binitha Manikoth, Muhammed Kunnummel, Sunitha Balakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Little data are available concerning clinical and pathological patterns of cutaneous lymphomas in India. AIM: To analyze the clinical and histopathological characteristics of cutaneous lymphomas in Indian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single-center, prospective, observational study carried out from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015. The patients underwent clinical examination, human T-cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) screening, skin biopsy with hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry staining...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903309/the-rise-and-fall-of-hospitalizations-for-skin-infections-in-new-zealand-2004-2014-trends-by-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-deprivation
#15
A Lim, J Rumball-Smith, R Jones, I Kawachi
Since the 1990s, New Zealand (NZ) has seen an increasing incidence of paediatric skin infections leading to hospitalization. We sought to describe the epidemiology of these infections over time. Hospital discharge data were analysed for all children admitted to any NZ public hospital from 2004 to 2014. We found the age-standardized incidence of hospitalizations due to skin infections increased during this period from 522/100 000 in 2004 to a peak of 644/100 000 in 2011, after which it declined to 524/100 000 in 2014...
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903249/management-lacrimal-sac-abscesses-using-lacrimal-probe-and-crawford-silicon-tube
#16
Lin Lin, Li Yang, Xiuming Jin, Yingying Zhao, Fangli Fan
BACKGROUND: Treatment of lacrimal sac abscess of the traditional surgical approach may result in complications from cutaneous fistula formation, damage the sac, cause skin scarring and even have the potential for inducing cicatricial ectropion. We designed a new treatment scheme that is expected to achieve internal drainage with the use of lacrimal probe and crawford silicon tube. METHODS: A prospective study was performed for the management of lacrimal sac abscesses...
November 30, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900750/-the-management-of-itching-in-burn-patients-during-the-rehabilitation-stage
#17
Shu-Fen Lo, Li-Jung Chang, Ting-Yuan Shiue, Ching-Yi Pan, Hui-Chuan Wu
Pruritus, a distressing symptom that affects burn patients, not only interferes with activities of daily living but also causes disturbed sleep, which has been associated with anxiety, depression, and other types of negative moods. Furthermore, the uncontrolled scratching that often accompanies pruritus causes tissue damage and may damage or destroy the skin graft. In this paper, the authors first describe the definition and mechanism of pruritus and next use itching-assessment tools to identify the triggering factors...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900223/modified-one-stage-dorsal-inlay-buccal-mucosa-graft-technique-for-ventral-penile-urethral-and-penile-skin-erosion-a-step-by-step-guide
#18
Lennert Van Putte, Gunter De Win
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of a modified single-stage technique for the repair of a ventral penile urethral erosion with involvement of the penile skin, as penile urethral erosion is a rare but potential complication of chronic indwelling catheterisation with a lack of available recommendations for reconstructive options. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 44-year-old male with paraplegia, neurogenic bladder dysfunction and chronic sacral decubitus, presented with a large mid-penile erosion of the ventral penile shaft and urethra, which was caused by chronic transurethral indwelling catheterisation while being hospitalised in an intensive care unit...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899204/stevens-johnson-syndrome-in-childhood
#19
N Blanco, B Gutiérrez, I Valls, D Puertas, C Martín, M Rivera, Á Hernández, A Torrelo
INTRODUCTION: Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis are two serious immune diseases within the context of bullous mucocutaneous syndrome. These have varying degrees of involvement of the skin and usually at least two mucous membranes. CLINICAL CASES: Three clinical cases are presented, two of them with significant ophthalmological sequelae, who had received drug treatment as a possible trigger, and another milder clinical case caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae...
November 26, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899137/ethnobotanical-survey-of-cosmetic-plants-used-in-marquesas-islands-french-polynesia
#20
Xénia Jost, Jean-Luc Ansel, Gaël Lecellier, Phila Raharivelomanana, Jean-François Butaud
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic plants and their uses have often been neglected in ethnobotanical surveys which focus mainly on plants with medicinal or food uses. Thus, this survey was carried out to specifically investigate cosmetics in a small community and to establish a cosmetopoeia, based on the model of pharmacopoeia for medicinal plants. The geographic spread of the survey covered the Marquesas Islands, one of the five archipelagos of French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean). This archipelago was also recently investigated for its pharmacopoeia...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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