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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168774/carotenoids-from-marine-organisms-biological-functions-and-industrial-applications
#1
REVIEW
Christian Galasso, Cinzia Corinaldesi, Clementina Sansone
As is the case for terrestrial organisms, carotenoids represent the most common group of pigments in marine environments. They are generally biosynthesized by all autotrophic marine organisms, such as bacteria and archaea, algae and fungi. Some heterotrophic organisms also contain carotenoids probably accumulated from food or partly modified through metabolic reactions. These natural pigments are divided into two chemical classes: carotenes (such as lycopene and α- and β-carotene) that are composed of hydrogen and carbon; xanthophylls (such as astaxanthin, fucoxanthin and lutein), which are constituted by hydrogen, carbon and oxygen...
November 23, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165474/sugar-and-mineral-enriched-fraction-from-olive-mill-wastewater-for-promising-cosmeceutical-application-characterization-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#2
Maria Domenica Di Mauro, Barbara Tomasello, Roberta Carla Giardina, Sandro Dattilo, Veronica Mazzei, Fulvia Sinatra, Massimo Caruso, Nicola D'Antona, Marcella Renis
Nowadays, agro-food by-products represent a potential low-cost source of biologically active ingredients which have been paid significant attention as nutraceuticals, medicine, food and cosmetics. In a previous study we evaluated the total sugars, metals and polyphenols of olive mill wastewater (OMWW) from a Cerasuola olive cultivar. In the present work we selectively recovered a sugar and mineral enriched fraction (SMEF) from Cerasuola OMWW by a green adsorption/desorption process. The SMEF was mainly found to be composed of monosaccharides and potassium by HPLC-ELSD and ICP-MS...
November 22, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164778/open-label-study-assessing-the-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-topical-skincare-and-sun-protection-products-following-intense-pulsed-light-treatment
#3
Isabela T Jones, Isabella Guiha, Sabrina G Fabi
BACKGROUND: The visible signs of photodamage can be improved by intense pulsed light (IPL). Active ingredients in cosmeceuticals also have effects on skin quality and pigmentation, and can camouflage post-treatment side effects. Combination therapies utilizing different treatment modalities have been shown to optimize clinical outcomes for skin rejuvenation and patient satisfaction. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of a combination of IPL with a daily topical skincare and sunscreen regimen for the treatment of facial photodamage and for the improvement of IPL treatment tolerability...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162919/production-of-recombinant-human-procollagen-type-i-c-terminal-propeptide-and-establishment-of-a-sandwich-elisa-for-quantification
#4
Woo-Young Seo, Jeong-Ho Kim, Du-San Baek, Su-Jung Kim, Sujin Kang, Won Suk Yang, Ji-Ae Song, Moo-Seung Lee, Sunghoon Kim, Yong-Sung Kim
Procollagen type I carboxy-terminal propeptide (PICP), derived from type I procollagen, has been identified as an indicator of type I collagen synthesis in bone matrix formation and skin recovery. PICP is a heterotrimeric glycoprotein consisting of two α1 chains (PICPα1) and one α2 chain (PICPα2). Here, we report the recombinant expression of human PICP using a mammalian expression system. Co-expression of PICPα1 and PICPα2 in HEK293F cells resulted in the production of functional PICP in the correctly assembled heterotrimeric form...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152918/cosmeceutical-effect-of-ethyl-acetate-fraction-of-kombucha-tea-by-intradermal-administration-in-the-skin-of-aged-mice
#5
Nafiseh Pakravan, Elaheh Mahmoudi, Seyed-Ali Hashemi, Jamal Kamali, Reza Hajiaghayi, Mitra Rahimzadeh, Vajiheh Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Natural ingredients have been always an interesting approach to prolong youthful appearance of skin. One of the natural compounds is Kombucha tea (KT), which has been mainly used as an energy drink in Asian countries for a long time. Previous reports indicated that it has pharmaceutical and favorable wound repairing effects. The beneficial properties of KT are thought to be mainly due to the presence of fermentation products such as flavonoids and other polyphenols with inhibition of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes and anti-inflammatory effects...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152848/skin-care-and-cosmeceuticals-attitudes-and-trends-among-trainees-and-educators
#6
H Jill Feetham, H Sam Jeong, Jacqueline McKesey, Heather Wickless, Heidi Jacobe
INTRODUCTION: Patients often seek skin care recommendations from their dermatologist. The objective of this study was to determine the degree of education dermatology residents receive on skin care and cosmeceutical products, the source of education, and the attitude of trainees and their educators toward skin care and cosmeceuticals. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of dermatology residents and faculty via an online survey administered June 2015 and August 2015, respectively...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108541/cosmeceuticals-for-male-skin
#7
REVIEW
Zoe Diana Draelos
The male cosmeceutical market is still underdeveloped. Although women embrace skin care as a part of general health, this concept has not gained wide male acceptance. Shaving is probably the most beneficial daily grooming event men commonly undertake for skin appearance and may account for the failure of antiaging cosmeceuticals to attract attention in this segment. In addition, there are many physiologic differences between male and female skin, with less of a need for moisturization and photoprotection in men...
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084170/ethnobotanic-ethnopharmacologic-aspects-and-new-phytochemical-insights-into-moroccan-argan-fruits
#8
REVIEW
Farid Khallouki, Mohamed Eddouks, Akdad Mourad, Andrea Breuer, Robert Wyn Owen
This review summarizes available data on argan fruit botany, geographical distribution, traditional uses, environmental interest, socioeconomic role, phytochemistry, as well as health beneficial effects and examination of future prospects. In particular, ethnomedical uses of argan fruits are carried out throughout Morocco where it has been used against various diseases. Different classes of bioactive compounds have been characterized including essential oils, fatty acids, triacylglycerols, flavonoids and their newly reported acylglycosyl derivatives, monophenols, phenolic acids, cinnamic acids, saponins, triterpenes, phytosterols, ubiquinone, melatonin, new aminophenols along with vitamin E among other secondary metabolites...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034918/resveratrol-from-diet-to-topical-usage
#9
REVIEW
Veronica Sanda Chedea, Simona Ioana Vicaş, Claudia Sticozzi, Federica Pessina, Maria Frosini, Emanuela Maioli, Giuseppe Valacchi
The stilbene derivative resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-stilbene; RESV) has become the subject of interest of many researchers and the pharmaceutical industries due to its well-acclaimed beneficial biological activities. Although earlier research tended to focus on the effects of RESV on cardiovascular disorders, many other studies have described the beneficial effects of RESV in the areas of cancer chemoprevention and inflammation and interest of researchers on this compound is still increasing. It is now well accepted that the effect of RESV is not just due to its so called "antioxidant" activity but mainly (if not only) because of the ability of this compound to trigger cell signaling pathways and gene expression involved in cellular defense systems...
October 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028862/alternatives-to-standard-injectables-and-devices-for-rejuvenation
#10
Sabine Zenker
<p>INTRODUCTION: Looking at alternatives to standard injectables and devices for rejuvenation, typical indications for facial rejuvenation are poor skin quality, pigmentary changes, and the loss of shape. Looking for effective treatments for those indications in the aesthetic field, one can notice a kind of "retro"-trend: easy-to-perform, non- or minimally-invasive, low-investment-requiring procedures are regaining a lot of popularity. And, over time, those treatments are becoming well defined and far more specific...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021700/ginsenoside-rg12-a-new-dammarane-type-triterpene-saponin-from-panax-ginseng-root
#11
Dong Gu Lee, Jaemin Lee, Ik-Hyun Cho, Hak-Jae Kim, Sang-Won Lee, Young-Ock Kim, Chun-Gun Park, Sanghyun Lee
BACKGROUND: Panax ginseng has been used as Korean medicine for various diseases. It has antioxidant, hypotensive, sedative, analgesic, and endocrine activities. Dammarane-type triterpenes from the plant have various beneficial effects. METHODS: A dammarane-type triterpene saponin was isolated from P. ginseng root through chromatography such as repeated column chromatography and medium pressure liquid chromatography. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: New dammarane-type triterpene saponin was isolated for the first time from nature...
October 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980914/bioactive-chemical-compounds-in-eremurus-persicus-joub-spach-boiss-essential-oil-and-their-health-implications
#12
B Salehi, S A Ayatollahi, A Segura-Carretero, F Kobarfard, M D M Contreras, M Faizi, M Sharifi-Rad, S A Tabatabai, J Sharifi-Rad
The genus Eremurus is native to Eastern Europe and temperate Asia. Particularly, Eremurus persicus (Joub. & Spach) Boiss. is highly valued in traditional foods and medicine. Scientific knowledge about E. persicus chemical composition and bioactivity is required. Therefore, the present study is aimed to determine the volatile composition of E. persicus essential oil (EO) by means of gas chromatography coupled to flame ionization/mass spectrometry detection. Moreover, the antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities of the EO were tested...
September 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979664/oily-skin-a-review-of-treatment-options
#13
REVIEW
Dawnielle C Endly, Richard A Miller
One of the most common dermatologic concerns is oily skin, and the demand for effective treatment options is ever apparent. This review article addresses numerous topical treatment options such as retinoids, olumacostat glasaretil, and various cosmeceutical agents. several systemic and procedural techniques that incorporate isotretinoin, spironolactone, oral contraceptives, botulinum toxin, photodynamic therapy, and lasers are reviewed as well. Each treatment option is analyzed in terms of the proposed mechanism of action, efficacy reported in the literature, and potential adverse effects...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962062/dermal-histology-in-mouse-skin-exposed-to-cosmeceuticals
#14
Tapan K Bhattacharyya, Hope Bueller, Yvonne Hsia, J Regan Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946635/hypopigmenting-effects-of-brown-algae-derived-phytochemicals-a-review-on-molecular-mechanisms
#15
REVIEW
Mohammed Shariful Azam, Jinkyung Choi, Min-Sup Lee, Hyeung-Rak Kim
There is a rapid increase in the demand for natural hypopigmenting agents from marine sources for cosmeceutical and pharmaceutical applications. Currently, marine macroalgae are considered as a safe and effective source of diverse bioactive compounds. Many research groups are exploring marine macroalgae to discover and characterize novel compounds for cosmeceutical, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical applications. Many types of bioactive secondary metabolites from marine algae, including phlorotannins, sulfated polysaccharides, carotenoids, and meroterpenoids, have already been documented for their potential applications in the pharmaceutical industry...
September 24, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933269/drug-delivery-and-cosmeceutical-applications-of-polylactic-acid-based-novel-constructs-a-review
#16
Hafiz M N Iqbal, Federico Ruiz-Ruiz, Elena Ivonne Mancera-Andrade, Roberto Parra-Saldivar, Tajalli Keshavarz
In recent years, there has been a great research interest in bio-based biopolymers due to their potential as alternative polymers to the traditional petroleum-based synthetic counterparts. Research is underway around the globe on the development of 'greener' technologies. Recently, bio-based bio-constructs are being engineered for target applications in different bio- and non-bio sectors of the modern world to address growing concerns of a global dependence on non-renewable petroleum-based resources. The utilization of properly designed and structured materials thus allows for the creation of well-defined environment that induces a series of directed measures, and so on...
September 19, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930258/an-aloe-vera-based-cosmeceutical-cream-delays-and-mitigates-ionizing-radiation-induced-dermatitis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-curative-radiotherapy-a-clinical-study
#17
Suresh Rao, Sanath Kumar Hegde, Manjeshwar Poonam Baliga-Rao, Princy Louis Palatty, Thomas George, Manjeshwar Shrinath Baliga
Background: This study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of topical application of an Aloe vera-based cream (AVC) for the prevention of ionizing radiation (X ray)-induced dermatitis in head and neck cancer patients requiring therapeutic radiation treatment (>62 Gy). Methods: From July 2012 to December 2012, a total of 60 head and neck cancer patients requiring curative radiotherapy (RT) of more than 66 Gy were prospectively enrolled and treated with AVC or a comparator Johnson's Baby Oil (JBO). Acute skin reaction was monitored and classified according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) four-point rating scale on a weekly basis...
June 24, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930256/vetiver-essential-oil-in-cosmetics-what-is-new
#18
Pauline Burger, Anne Landreau, Marie Watson, Laurent Janci, Viviane Cassisa, Marie Kempf, Stéphane Azoulay, Xavier Fernandez
Background: Vetiver is a key ingredient for the perfume industry nowadays. However, with the constant and rapid changes of personal tastes, this appeal could vanish and this sector could decline quite quickly. New dissemination paths need to be found to tap this valuable resource. Methods: In this way, its potential use in cosmetics either as an active ingredient per se (with cosmeceutical significance or presenting antimicrobial activity) has hence been explored in vitro. Results: In this contribution, we demonstrated that vetiver essential oil displays no particularly significant and innovative cosmetic potential value in formulations apart from its scent already largely exploited...
June 16, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919860/a-multidirectional-perspective-for-novel-functional-products-in-vitro-pharmacological-activities-and-in-silico-studies-on-ononis-natrix-subsp-hispanica
#19
Serife Yerlikaya, Gokhan Zengin, Adriano Mollica, Mehmet C Baloglu, Yasemin Celik Altunoglu, Abdurrahman Aktumsek
The genus Ononis has important value as traditional drugs and foods. In the present work, we aimed to assess the chemical profiles and biological effects of Ononis natrix subsp. hispanica extracts (ethyl acetate, methanol, and water). For chemical profile, total and individual phenolic components were detected. For biological effects, antioxidant (DPPH, ABTS, CUPRAC, FRAP, phosphomolybdenum, and metal chelating assays), enzyme inhibitory (against cholinesterase, tyrosinase, α-amylase and α-glucosidase), antimicrobial, DNA protection and cytotoxic abilities were tested...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900868/stability-of-organoleptic-agents-in-pharmaceuticals-and-cosmetics
#20
REVIEW
Akash Patil, Supriya Bhide, Mustafa Bookwala, Bhavik Soneta, Vijaykumar Shankar, Ahmed Almotairy, Mashan Almutairi, S Narasimha Murthy
Organoleptic agents constitute an important niche in the field of pharmaceutical excipients. These agents encompass a range of additives responsible for coloring, flavoring, sweetening, and texturing formulations. All these agents have come to play a significant role in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics due to their ability to increase patient compliance by elevating a formulation's elegance and esthetics. However, it is essential to review their physical and chemical attributes before use, as organoleptic agents, similar to active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs), are susceptible to physical and chemical instability leading to degradation...
September 12, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
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