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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454068/biochar-based-water-treatment-systems-as-a-potential-low-cost-and-sustainable-technology-for-clean-water-provision
#1
REVIEW
Willis Gwenzi, Nhamo Chaukura, Chicgoua Noubactep, Fungai N D Mukome
Approximately 600 million people lack access to safe drinking water, hence achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 (Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030) calls for rapid translation of recent research into practical and frugal solutions within the remaining 13 years. Biochars, with excellent capacity to remove several contaminants from aqueous solutions, constitute an untapped technology for drinking water treatment. Biochar water treatment has several potential merits compared to existing low-cost methods (i...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449363/health-literacy-interventions-for-immigrant-populations-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
M Fernández-Gutiérrez, P Bas-Sarmiento, M J Albar-Marín, O Paloma-Castro, J M Romero-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is considered a social health determinant that influences improvement in health, patient empowerment and reduction in inequalities. There is a lack of health literacy interventions for vulnerable social groups (i.e. immigrants), and nurses have shown little familiarity with the concept. AIM: This study aimed to identify and analyse whether interventions directed at immigrant populations improve the functional (basic reading, writing and arithmetic skills), interactive (social and cognitive skills) and critical (advanced cognitive and social skills in critically analyzing information and making informed decisions) dimensions of health literacy, taking into account the role played by nursing in these interventions...
April 27, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448452/a-wireless-sensor-network-for-growth-environment-measurement-and-multi-band-optical-sensing-to-diagnose-tree-vigor
#3
Shinichi Kameoka, Shuhei Isoda, Atsushi Hashimoto, Ryoei Ito, Satoru Miyamoto, Genki Wada, Naoki Watanabe, Takashi Yamakami, Ken Suzuki, Takaharu Kameoka
We have tried to develop the guidance system for farmers to cultivate using various phenological indices. As the sensing part of this system, we deployed a new Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). This system uses the 920 MHz radio wave based on the Wireless Smart Utility Network that enables long-range wireless communication. In addition, the data acquired by the WSN were standardized for the advanced web service interoperability. By using these standardized data, we can create a web service that offers various kinds of phenological indices as secondary information to the farmers in the field...
April 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448307/explaining-performance-in-health-care-how-and-when-top-management-competencies-make-the-difference
#4
Milena Vainieri, Francesca Ferrè, Giorgio Giacomelli, Sabina Nuti
BACKGROUND: One of the most distinctive management competencies is related to the ability to structure the strategic vision, develop long-term plans, and communicate them efficiently to the employees in order to empower them to enact. These managerial competencies in complex organizations are strongly related to the capacity to engage professionals as a predictor of high-performing organizations. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between top management competencies, information sharing, and organizational performance in public health care system and to look at the management role in assuring information sharing on organizational strategies to achieve professionals' engagement...
April 26, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446847/knowledge-experiences-and-training-needs-of-health-professionals-about-disaster-preparedness-and-response-in-southwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Negalign Berhanu, Hailay Abrha, Yohannes Ejigu, Kifle Woldemichael
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, the magnitude and intensity of disasters have been vividly rising globally due to the forces of nature or man. This study aimed at assessing the perceived knowledge, experiences and training needs of health professionals regarding disasters, their prevention and management in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional survey was conducted on 377 health professionals taken from 9 randomly selected districts out of 18...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446384/the-directorate-general-for-health-and-consumers-1999-2014-an-assessment-of-its-functional-capacities
#6
Timo Clemens, Kristine Sørensen, Nicole Rosenkötter, Kai Michelsen, Helmut Brand
Capacity assessment has become a popular measure in the health sector to assess the ability of various stakeholders to pursue agreed activities. The European Commission (EC) is increasingly dealing with a variety of health issues to coordinate and complement national health policies. This study analyses the functional capacity of the Directorate-General for Health and Consumers (DG SANCO) between 1999 and 2004. It applies the UNDP Capacity Assessment Framework and uses a literature review, a document review of EU policy documents and expert interviews to assess the capacity of DG SANCO to fulfill its mandate for public health and health systems...
April 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446229/expanding-protection-motivation-theory-investigating-an-application-to-animal-owners-and-emergency-responders-in-bushfire-emergencies
#7
Rachel Westcott, Kevin Ronan, Hilary Bambrick, Melanie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) was developed by Rogers in 1975, to describe how individuals are motivated to react in a self-protective way towards a perceived health threat. Rogers expected the use of PMT to diversify over time, which has proved true over four decades. The purpose of this paper is to explore how PMT can be used and expanded to inform and improve public safety strategies in natural hazards. As global climate change impacts on the Australian environment, natural hazards seem to be increasing in scale and frequency, and Emergency Services' public education campaigns have necessarily escalated to keep pace with perceived public threat...
April 26, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446163/exploratory-analysis-of-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#8
Lars Harbaum, Kaaja M Baaske, Marcel Simon, Tim Oqueka, Christoph Sinning, Antonia Glatzel, Nicole Lüneburg, Karsten Sydow, Carsten Bokemeyer, Hans Klose
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation emerges as a feature of the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in experimental models. Alterations of circulating cell subsets have been observed in patients with PAH. We aimed to assess associations of the white blood cell count with disease severity and outcome in patients with PAH. METHODS: The total and differential white blood cell count was related to functional parameters, pulmonary hemodynamics and transplantation-free survival in 77 patients with PAH in an observational single center study...
April 26, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446141/a-mobile-application-of-breast-cancer-e-support-program-versus-routine-care-in-the-treatment-of-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Xiangyu Liu, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
BACKGROUND: Women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy suffer from a number of symptoms and report receiving inadequate support from health care professionals. Innovative and easily accessible interventions are lacking. Breast Cancer e-Support is a mobile Application program (App) that provides patients with individually tailored information and a support group of peers and health care professionals. Breast Cancer e-Support aims to promote women's self-efficacy, social support and symptom management, thus improving their quality of life and psychological well-being...
April 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445263/acupuncture-for-enhancing-early-recovery-of-bowel-function-in-cancer-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#10
Yi-Hua Liu, Yang Ye, Jia-Bin Zheng, Xue-Qian Wang, Ying Zhang, Hong-Sheng Lin
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients undergoing surgical procedure often suffer from bowel dysfunction and postoperative ileus (POI). Cancer management for early recovery of bowel function is still a challenging topic. Acupuncture has been commonly used in a variety of gastrointestinal diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of acupuncture therapy to reduce the duration of POI and enhance bowel function in cancer patients. METHODS: We will systematically screen all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published through electronically and hand searching...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445215/promoting-learning-and-patient-care-through-shared-reflection-a-conceptual-framework-for-team-reflexivity-in-health-care
#11
Jan B Schmutz, Walter J Eppich
Health care teams are groups of highly skilled experts who may often form inexpert teams because of a lack of collective competence. Because teamwork and collaboration form the foundation of effective clinical practice, factors that promote collective competence demand exploration. The authors review team reflexivity (TR), a concept from psychology and management literatures, and how it could contribute to the collective competence of health care teams. TR captures a team's ability to reflect collectively on group objectives, strategies, goals, processes, and outcomes of past, current, and future performance to process key information and adapt accordingly...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444848/biologically-meaningful-scents-a-framework-for-understanding-predator-prey-research-across-disciplines
#12
Michael H Parsons, Raimund Apfelbach, Peter B Banks, Elissa Z Cameron, Chris R Dickman, Anke S K Frank, Menna E Jones, Ian S McGregor, Stuart McLean, Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Elisa E Sparrow, Daniel T Blumstein
Fear of predation is a universal motivator. Because predators hunt using stealth and surprise, there is a widespread ability among prey to assess risk from chemical information - scents - in their environment. Consequently, scents often act as particularly strong modulators of memory and emotions. Recent advances in ecological research and analytical technology are leading to novel ways to use this chemical information to create effective attractants, repellents and anti-anxiolytic compounds for wildlife managers, conservation biologists and health practitioners...
April 26, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444574/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-psychoeducational-intervention-on-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-mental-disorders
#13
Viviane Tabeleão, Elaine Tomasi, Luciana de Avila Quevedo
The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a psychoeducational intervention on caregivers of patients assisted by the Center for Psychosocial Health Care (CPHC) focusing on the patient's psychopathology. This was a randomized clinical trial with 130 caregivers with higher mean burden scores assessed using the Zarit Burden Interview Scale (ZBI) (66 caregivers in the intervention group and 64 in the control group). The intervention included six home visits of psychoeducational interventions according to each mental disorder identified in the CPHC records...
April 25, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444048/state-health-managers-perceptions-of-the-public-health-action-organizational-contract-in-the-state-of-cear%C3%A3-brazil
#14
Neusa Goya, Luiz Odorico Monteiro de Andrade, Ricardo José Soares Pontes, Fábio Solon Tajra, Ivana Cristina de Holanda Cunha Barreto
The Public Health Action Organizational Contract (COAP) / Decree 7.508/2011 aimed to seal health agreements made between federated entities to promote the cooperative governance and management of Health Regions. A qualitative study was carried out adopting a hermeneutic approach to understand state health managers' perceptions of the elaboration and effects of the COAP in the State of Ceará. Open-ended interviewees and documental analysis were conducted. It was observed that the COAP led to the strengthening of regionalization in the government sphere; institutional gains through the implementation of ombudsmen and the National System of Pharmaceutical Care Management; increased information about the state health system's workforce; and health budget transparency...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444041/primary-health-care-and-the-coordination-of-care-in-health-regions-managers-and-users-perspective
#15
Aylene Bousquat, Ligia Giovanella, Estela Márcia Saraiva Campos, Patty Fidelis de Almeida, Cleide Lavieri Martins, Paulo Henrique Dos Santos Mota, Maria Helena Magalhães de Mendonça, Maria Guadalupe Medina, Ana Luiza d'Ávila Viana, Márcia Cristina Rodrigues Fausto, Daniel Baffini de Paula
This paper aims to analyze the healthcare coordination by Primary Health Care (PHC), with the backdrop of building a Health Care Network (RAS) in a region in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. We conducted a case study with qualitative and quantitative approaches, proceeding to the triangulation of data between the perception of managers and experience of users. We drew analysis realms and variables from the three pillars of healthcare coordination - informational, clinical and administrative/organizational. Stroke was the tracer event chosen and therapeutic itineraries were conducted with users and questionnaires applied to the managers...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444039/the-health-regionalization-process-from-the-perspective-of-the-transation-cost-theory
#16
Leyla Gomes Sancho, Daniela Savi Geremia, Sulamis Dain, Fabiano Geremia, Cláudio José Silva Leão
This study analyzes the incidence of transaction costs in the regionalization process of health policies in the Brazilian federal system. In this work, regionalized health actions contracted and agreed between federal agencies have assumed a transactional nature. A conceptual theoretical essay of reflective nature was prepared with the purpose of questioning and proposing new approaches to improve the health regionalization process. The main considerations suggest that institutional management tools proposed by the standards and regulations of the Unified Health System have a low potential to reduce transaction costs, especially due to hardships in reconciling common goals among the entities, environment surrounded by uncertainty, asymmetries and incomplete information, bounded rationality and conflict of interest...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443972/online-information-as-support-to-the-families-of-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-disease
#17
Verônica de Azevedo Mazza, Vanessa Ferreira de Lima, Ana Karoline da Silva Carvalho, Gisele Weissheimer, Larissa Gramazio Soares
Objective: To describe the use of online information as support to families of children and adolescents with chronic disease. Methods: This is an integrative review conducted in August 2015, with an online search in the following databases: PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature, and Science Direct. Results: Twelve studies were selected from the 293 studies found in the databases. After analysis, the following two categories emerged: Potentialities of the use of online information by families of children and adolescents with chronic disease, and Weaknesses of the use of online information by families of children and adolescents with chronic disease...
April 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443805/-a-population-targeted-approach-to-connect-prevention-care-and-welfare-visualising-the-trend
#18
L C Lemmens, H W Drewes, M Lette, C A Baan
OBJECTIVE: To map initiatives in the Netherlands using a population-targeted approach to link prevention, care and welfare. DESIGN: Descriptive investigation, based on conversations and structured interviews. METHOD: We searched for initiatives in which providers in the areas of prevention, care and welfare together with health insurers and/or local authorities attempted to provide the 'triple aim': improving the health of the population and the quality of care, and managing costs...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443720/modulatory-effects-of-a-nutraceutical-supplement-on-saos-2-cells-reveal-its-phlebotonic-activity
#19
Sergio Ammendola, Mario Di Loreto, Anna Scotto d'Abusco
OBJECTIVE: Herbal extract compositions are largely used to manage vein diseases. We prepared a new composition of herbs, named FLEBO OK™, that, when administered as a nutraceutical to patients affected by peripheral vascular diseases, was able to improve their health conditions. We analyzed the effects of this nutraceutical composition on in vitro cultured cells with the aim to obtain information about its mechanisms of action. METHODS: A culture of human osteoblast cell line Saos-2 was stimulated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α or interleukin (IL)-1β to induce the expression of some chemokines and matrix metalloproteases (MMPs)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442454/impact-of-information-and-communication-technologies-on-nursing-care-results-of-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#20
Geneviève Rouleau, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, José Côté, Julie Payne-Gagnon, Emilie Hudson, Carl-Ardy Dubois
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are becoming an impetus for quality health care delivery by nurses. The use of ICTs by nurses can impact their practice, modifying the ways in which they plan, provide, document, and review clinical care. OBJECTIVE: An overview of systematic reviews was conducted to develop a broad picture of the dimensions and indicators of nursing care that have the potential to be influenced by the use of ICTs. METHODS: Quantitative, mixed-method, and qualitative reviews that aimed to evaluate the influence of four eHealth domains (eg, management, computerized decision support systems [CDSSs], communication, and information systems) on nursing care were included...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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