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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346354/compassion-from-a-palliative-care-perspective
#1
Antonio Fernando, Conor Rea, Phillipa J Malpas
BACKGROUND: Compassion is a core virtue in medicine and lies at the heart of good medical care. It connects us to each other and reflects our need for relationships with others. AIM: Our aim is to explore how palliative care patients perceive, understand and experience compassion from health professionals, and to inform clinical practice. METHODS: Seven hospice managers in the North Island of New Zealand were contacted and invited to join the study...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346139/blood-biomarkers-for-evaluation-of-perinatal-encephalopathy-state-of-the-art
#2
Ernest M Graham, Allen D Everett, Jean-Christophe Delpech, Frances J Northington
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The rapid progress in biomarker science is on the threshold of significantly changing clinical care for infants in the neonatal ICU. Infants with neonatal brain injuries will likely be the first group whose management is dramatically altered with point-of-care, rapidly available brain biomarker analysis. Providing an interim update on progress in this area is the purpose of this review. RECENT FINDINGS: Highlighted findings from the past 18 months of publications on biomarkers in neonatal brain injury include; Specific nonbrain markers of cardiac health and global asphyxia continue to provide information on brain injury after hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)...
January 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346005/ethical-issues-in-social-media-research-for-public-health
#3
Ruth F Hunter, Aisling Gough, Niamh O'Kane, Gary McKeown, Aine Fitzpatrick, Tom Walker, Michelle McKinley, Mandy Lee, Frank Kee
Social media (SM) offer huge potential for public health research, serving as a vehicle for surveillance, delivery of health interventions, recruitment to trials, collection of data, and dissemination. However, the networked nature of the data means they are riddled with ethical challenges, and no clear consensus has emerged as to the ethical handling of such data. This article outlines the key ethical concerns for public health researchers using SM and discusses how these concerns might best be addressed. Key issues discussed include privacy; anonymity and confidentiality; authenticity; the rapidly changing SM environment; informed consent; recruitment, voluntary participation, and sampling; minimizing harm; and data security and management...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#4
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345096/psychiatric-sequelae-of-corticosteroid-use-in-hematology-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#5
Dianne Clifton, Margaret Ross, Clare O'Callaghan
Despite widespread steroid usage for treating hematological conditions, minimal attention focuses on associated psychiatric side-effects. In the present study, we examined hematology patients' experiences of high-dose steroid treatment. This was undertaken by the use of a qualitative, descriptive design, which included convenience sampling and the inductive, cyclic, and constant comparative thematic analysis of interview transcripts. Eighteen patients participated, who were diagnosed with lymphoma, myeloma, leukemia, or idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura...
January 18, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344801/toxoplasma-gondii-in-sympatric-domestic-and-wild-ungulates-in-the-mediterranean-ecosystem
#6
S Almería, O Cabezón, J Paniagua, D Cano-Terriza, S Jiménez-Ruiz, A Arenas-Montes, J P Dubey, I García-Bocanegra
Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic protozoan of worldwide distribution. The present study provides information on risk factors affecting T. gondii infection in domestic and free-ranging wild ungulates sharing habitats in Mediterranean ecosystems in Spain. Serum samples from 482 extensively reared domestic ruminants and 2351 wild ungulates were tested for T. gondii antibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT, cut-off 1:25). Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence was 41.2% of 194 sheep, 18.6% of 199 cattle and 5...
January 17, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344632/factors-associated-with-outcomes-and-costs-after-pediatric-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#7
Gileh-Gol Akhtar-Danesh, Aristithes G Doumouras, Cecily Bos, Helene Flageole, Dennis Hong
Importance: The prevalence of pediatric cholelithiasis is increasing with the epidemic of childhood obesity. With this rise, the outcomes and costs of pediatric laparoscopic cholecystectomy become an important public health and economic concern. Objective: To assess patient and health system factors associated with the outcomes and costs after laparoscopic cholecystectomy among Canadian children. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a retrospective, population-based study of children 17 years and younger undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy from April 1, 2008, until March 31, 2015...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344396/adversity-of-prolonged-extreme-cold-exposure-among-adult-clients-diagnosed-with-coronary-artery-diseases-a-primer-for-recommending-community-health-nursing-intervention
#8
Eladio Martin S Gumabay, Raquel C Ramirez, Judy Mae M Dimaya, Mae M Beltran
Aim: This research study explored the lived experiences of adults diagnosed with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) when exposed to a prolonged period of extreme cold. Design: This research study utilized descriptive qualitative research design. Methods: Face-to-face interview sessions with audio recording were conducted. There were 30 informants who participated in the study. Descriptive phenomenology with Colaizzi's method of data analysis was used...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344356/risk-factors-and-outcomes-for-multidrug-resistant-gram-negative-bacilli-bacteremia
#9
Swati Patolia, Getahun Abate, Nirav Patel, Setu Patolia, Sharon Frey
Background: The incidence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms is increasing along with mortality. Identifying risk factors for the development of MDR Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) bacteremia could greatly impact patient care and management. Methods: Data from the electronic health record of patients with GNB over 13-month period were collected at a single university medical center. Baseline demographic data, risk factor, microbiological data, recurrence of bacteremia, and mortality were recorded...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344051/experiences-of-fathers-with-inpatient-premature-neonates-phenomenological-interpretative-analysis
#10
Tahmineh Dadkhahtehrani, Narges Eskandari, Zohre Khalajinia, Hoda Ahmari-Tehran
Background: Birth and hospitalization of premature neonates create enormous challenges for the family with serious impacts on parents' mental and emotional health. The present study was designed to explore the experiences of fathers with premature neonates hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Materials and Methods: In this interpretative phenomenological study, data were collected using in-depth interviews guided with a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed by interpretative phenomenological analysis...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343950/examining-30-day-copd-readmissions-through-the-emergency-department
#11
Michael E Rezaee, Charlotte E Ward, Bonita Nuanez, Daniel A Rezaee, Jeffrey Ditkoff, Alexandra Halalau
Background: Thirty-day readmission in COPD is common and costly, but potentially preventable. The emergency department (ED) may be a setting for COPD readmission reduction efforts. Objective: To better understand COPD readmission through the ED, ascertain factors associated with 30-day readmission through the ED, and identify subgroups of patients with COPD for readmission reduction interventions. Patients and methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 2009 to September 2015 in patients with COPD of age ≥18 years...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343412/implementing-genome-driven-personalized-cardiology-in-clinical-practice
#12
REVIEW
Ares Pasipoularides
Genomics designates the coordinated investigation of a large number of genes in the context of a biological process or disease. It may be long before we attain comprehensive understanding of the genomics of common complex cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) such as inherited cardiomyopathies, valvular diseases, primary arrhythmogenic conditions, congenital heart syndromes, hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerotic heart disease, hypertensive syndromes, and heart failure with preserved/reduced ejection fraction. Nonetheless, as genomics is evolving rapidly, it is constructive to survey now pertinent concepts and breakthroughs...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343280/pregabalin-versus-placebo-in-targeting-pro-nociceptive-mechanisms-to-prevent-chronic-pain-after-whiplash-injury-in-at-risk-individuals-a-feasibility-study-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
J Nikles, G Keijzers, G Mitchell, S Schug, R Ware, S A McLean, L Connelly, S Gibson, S F Farrell, M Sterling
BACKGROUND: Whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) are an enormous and costly burden to Australian society. Up to 50% of people who experience a whiplash injury will never fully recover. Whiplash is resistant to treatment and no early management approach has yet been shown to prevent chronic pain. The early presence of central sensitization is associated with poor recovery. Pregabalin's effects on central sensitization indicate the potential to prevent or modulate these processes after whiplash injury and to improve health outcomes, but this has not been investigated...
January 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343213/the-community-is-just-a-small-circle-citizen-participation-in-the-free-maternal-and-child-healthcare-programme-of-enugu-state-nigeria
#14
Daniel C Ogbuabor, Obinna E Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in knowledge about how citizen participation impacts governance of free healthcare policies for universal health coverage in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: This study provides evidence about how social accountability initiatives influenced revenue generation, pooling and fund management, purchasing and capacity of health facilities implementing the free maternal and child healthcare programme (FMCHP) in Enugu State, Nigeria...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342932/interstitial-glucose-and-physical-exercise-in-type-1-diabetes-integrative-physiology-technology-and-the-gap-in-between
#15
REVIEW
Othmar Moser, Jane E Yardley, Richard M Bracken
Continuous and flash glucose monitoring systems measure interstitial fluid glucose concentrations within a body compartment that is dramatically altered by posture and is responsive to the physiological and metabolic changes that enable exercise performance in individuals with type 1 diabetes. Body fluid redistribution within the interstitial compartment, alterations in interstitial fluid volume, changes in rate and direction of fluid flow between the vasculature, interstitium and lymphatics, as well as alterations in the rate of glucose production and uptake by exercising tissues, make for caution when interpreting device read-outs in a rapidly changing internal environment during acute exercise...
January 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341969/pursuing-normality-reflections-on-cancer-survivorship-care-of-lymphoma-survivors
#16
Louise S Madsen, Charlotte Handberg
BACKGROUND: The present study explored the reflections on cancer survivorship care of lymphoma survivors in active treatment. Lymphoma survivors have survivorship care needs, yet their participation in cancer survivorship care programs is still reported as low. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the reflections on cancer survivorship care of lymphoma survivors to aid the future planning of cancer survivorship care and overcome barriers to participation...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341860/risk-management-of-free-radicals-involved-in-air-travel-syndromes-by-antioxidants
#17
Jeum-Nam Kim, Byung-Mu Lee
Frequent air travelers and airplane pilots may develop various types of illnesses. The environmental risk factors associated with air travel syndromes (ATS) or air travel-related adverse health outcomes raised concerns and need to be assessed in the context of risk management and public health. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to determine ATS, risk factors, and mechanisms underlying ATS using scientific data and information obtained from Medline, Toxline, and regulatory agencies. Additional information was also extracted from websites of organizations, such as the International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers (IAMAT), and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341857/development-of-visibility-forecasting-modelling-framework-for-the-lower-fraser-valley-of-british-columbia-using-canada-s-regional-air-quality-deterministic-prediction-system
#18
Rita So, Andrew Teakles, Jonathan Baik, Roxanne Vingarzan, Keith Jones
Visibility degradation, one of the most noticeable indicators of poor air quality, can occur despite relatively low levels of particulate matter when the risk to human health is low. The availability of timely and reliable visibility forecasts can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the anticipated air quality conditions to better inform local jurisdictions and the public. This paper describes the development of a visibility forecasting modelling framework, which leverages the existing air quality and meteorological forecasts from Canada's operational Regional Air Quality Deterministic Prediction System (RAQDPS) for the Lower Fraser Valley of British Columbia...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341110/eurogin-roadmap-2017-triage-strategies-for-the-management-of-hpv-positive-women-in-cervical-screening-programmes
#19
REVIEW
K Cuschieri, G Ronco, A Lorincz, L Smith, G Ogilvie, L Mirabello, F Carozzi, H Cubie, N Wentzensen, P Snijders, M Arbyn, J Monsonego J, S Franceschi
Cervical cancer screening will rely, increasingly, on HPV testing as a primary screen. The requirement for triage tests which can delineate clinically significant infection is thus prescient. In this EUROGIN 2017 roadmap, justification behind the most evidenced triages is outlined, as are challenges for implementation. Cytology is the triage with the most follow-up data; the existence of an HR-HPV positive, cytology negative group presents a challenge and re-testing intervals for this group (and choice of re-test) require careful consideration...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339936/satellite-stories-capturing-professional-experiences-of-academic-health-sciences-librarians-working-in-delocalized-health-sciences-programs
#20
Jackie Phinney, Amanda Rose Horsman
Objective: Health sciences training programs have progressively expanded onto satellite campuses, allowing students the opportunity to learn in communities away from an academic institution's main campus. This expansion has encouraged a new role for librarians to assume, in that a subset of health sciences librarians identify as "satellite librarians" who are permanently located at a distance from the main campus. Due to the unique nature of this role and lack of existing data on the topic, the authors investigated the experiences and perceptions of this unique group of information professionals...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
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