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Exercise prescription

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324808/a-novel-prescription-pedometer-assisted-walking-intervention-and-weight-management-for-chinese-occupational-population
#1
Yingxiang Yu, Yiran Lv, Bin Yao, Liguang Duan, Xiaoyuan Zhang, Lan Xie, Cuiqing Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Information technology has been previously used for the research and practice of health promotion. Appropriate and effective health promotion methods used by professional groups remain to be investigated. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a weight management program among the Chinese occupational population using and a novel information technology exercise prescription. STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A 3-month open, self-monitored intervention trial, involving individualized pedometer-assisted exercise prescription and a one-time targeted dietary guidance prior to exercise was conducted on the Chinese occupational population aged 18-65 years in China from 2015 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324562/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-pre-frailty-and-frailty-progression-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
João Apóstolo, Richard Cooke, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Silvina Santana, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten, Federico Germini, Barbara D'Avanzo, Holly Gwyther, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions for preventing frailty progression in older adults. INTRODUCTION: Frailty is an age-related state of decreased physiological reserves characterized by an increased risk of poor clinical outcomes. Evidence supporting the malleability of frailty, its prevention and treatment, has been presented. INCLUSION CRITERIA: The review considered studies on older adults aged 65 and over, explicitly identified as pre-frail or frail, who had been undergoing interventions focusing on the prevention of frailty progression...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320945/the-influence-of-exercise-dosing-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-knee-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review. Background Therapeutic exercise is commonly used to treat individuals with knee disorders, but dosing parameters for optimal outcomes are unclear. Large variations exist in exercise prescription, and research related to specific dosing variables for knee osteoarthritis, patellar tendinopathy and patellofemoral pain syndrome is sparse. Objectives To identify specific doses of exercise related to improved outcomes of pain and function in individuals with common knee disorders, categorized by effect size...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319376/the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-ptsd
#4
Lauren M Oppizzi, Reba Umberger
Although physical activity (PA) is known to reduce anxiety and depression, less is known about the effects of PA on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The author examined the state of the science regarding the effect of PA on PTSD. Three themes emerged: PA characteristics, added benefits of PA as a PTSD intervention, and theories on the method of action. Physical activity seems to be an effective adjunct therapy to reduce PTSD symptom severity. Findings are inconsistent between observational and controlled studies...
January 10, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317079/biotensegrity-and-myofascial-chains-a-global-approach-to-an-integrated-kinetic-chain
#5
S L Dischiavi, A A Wright, E J Hegedus, C M Bleakley
Human movement is a complex orchestration of events involving many different body systems. Understanding how these systems interact during musculoskeletal movements can directly inform a variety of research fields including: injury etiology, injury prevention and therapeutic exercise prescription. Traditionally scientists have examined human movement through a reductionist lens whereby movements are broken down and observed in isolation. The process of reductionism fails to capture the interconnected complexities and the dynamic interactions found within complex systems such as human movement...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316409/exercise-is-medicine-canada-physical-activity-counselling-and-exercise-prescription-training-improves-counselling-prescription-and-referral-practices-among-physicians-across-canada
#6
Jonathon R Fowles, Myles W O'Brien, Kara Solmundson, Paul I Oh, Christopher A Shields
Exercise is Medicine Canada (EIMC) is an initiative that promotes physical activity (PA) counselling and exercise prescription within health care. The purpose of this study was to compare physicians' perceptions and practices around PA counselling and exercise prescription following EIMC training. Physicians (n=46) from 7 different provinces completed questionnaires initially and three-months following an EIMC workshop. Three-months post-intervention, physicians reported greater confidence compared to baseline, for providing physical activity and exercise (PAE) information to patients (79% vs 55%; p<0...
January 9, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307256/patients-views-toward-knee-osteoarthritis-exercise-therapy-and-factors-influencing-adherence-a-survey-in-china
#7
Zhiwei Zhou, Yunfei Hou, Jianhao Lin, Kai Wang, Qiang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To understand the views toward exercise therapy for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in China and to analyze factors affecting treatment adherence. METHODS: A survey-based study, which included multiple choice and open-ended questions on knee OA exercise therapy was conducted in a Chinese population. The content included the respondents' attitudes and beliefs, willingness to receive treatment, and reasons why they could or could not adhere to the treatment. We used Chi-squared tests to compare cognitive differences between the patients and non-patient groups...
January 8, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306767/effects-of-concurrent-training-on-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Vania Fernanda Clemente Agner, Marcia Carvalho Garcia, Andre Andriolli Taffarel, Camila Baudini Mourão, Isabel Paulo da Silva, Sara Pereira da Silva, Maria Stella Peccin, Império Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent among older adults. Concurrent training comprises muscle strengthening and aerobic exercise. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effects of a concurrent training program on muscle strength, walking function, metabolic profile, cardiovascular risk, use of medications and quality of life among older adults with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A randomised, controlled, blind, clinical trial was conducted in the city of Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil, involving 41 male and female older adults...
December 24, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301422/should-psychiatrists-write-the-exercise-prescription-for-depression
#9
Gregory Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301027/personalized-exercise-dose-prescription
#10
Petra Zubin Maslov, Alexa Schulman, Carl J Lavie, Jagat Narula
Physical activity (PA) is associated with increased longevity and decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, however, the majority of the general population is still sedentary. In order to maximize the health benefits of PA, health care practitioners should be familiarized with the appropriate dose of exercise for each healthy individual, depending on their habitual PA and relative fitness. The aim of this review is to quantitatively describe the lowest and the highest level of exercise that has health benefits, and what should hypothetically be considered 'the sweet spot'...
December 28, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280904/rapid-patient-discharge-contribution-to-bed-surge-capacity-during-a-mass-casualty-incident-findings-from-an-exercise-with-new-york-city-hospitals
#11
Jasmine L Jacobs-Wingo, Heather A Cook, William H Lang
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty incidents may increase patient volume suddenly and dramatically, requiring hospitals to expeditiously manage bed inventories to release acute care beds for disaster victims. Electronic patient tracking systems combined with unit walk-throughs can identify patients for rapid discharge. The New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's 2013 Rapid Patient Discharge Assessment (RPDA) aimed to determine the maximum number of beds NYC hospitals could make available through rapid patient discharge and to characterize discharge barriers...
January 2018: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277065/endotoxin-predictors-and-associated-respiratory-outcomes-differ-with-climate-regions-in-the-u-s
#12
Angelico Mendy, Jesse Wilkerson, Pӓivi M Salo, Richard D Cohn, Darryl C Zeldin, Peter S Thorne
RATIONALE: Although endotoxin is a recognized cause of environmental lung disease, how its relationship with respiratory outcomes varies with climate is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the endotoxin predictors as well as endotoxin association with asthma, wheeze, and sensitization to inhalant allergens in various US climate regions. METHODS: We analyzed data on 6963 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Endotoxin measurements of house dust from bedroom floor and bedding were performed at the University of Iowa...
December 22, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276538/rotator-cuff-disorders-a-survey-of-current-2016-uk-physiotherapy-practice
#13
Julie Bury, Chris Littlewood
Background: Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal presentation, with disorders of the rotator cuff (RC) regarded as the most frequent cause. Conservative treatment is often the initial management; however, findings from a previous survey showed considerable variations in clinical practice, including the use of modalities that are not supported in the literature, suggesting that research is not impacting on practice. The present study aimed to survey current UK physiotherapy practice for the management of RC disorders and to determine whether this has changed over the 5-year period since the last survey was conducted...
January 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273182/-peripheral-arterial-disease-treatment
#14
Iléana Desormais, Victor Aboyans, Francis Pesteil, Philipe Lacroix
Medical management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients is aimed at limb symptom relief and reducing systemic major adverse events risk. For the first purpose: exercise therapy is recommended in case of claudication; multidisciplinary evaluation for surgical options is mandatory in case of critical limb ischaemia. Reducing cardiac and stroke risk can be achieved through: statin prescription in most of the cases; antiplatelet agents in symptomatic PAD patients; cardio-vascular risk factors control.
December 19, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258503/development-and-validation-of-a-new-tool-to-measure-the-facilitators-barriers-and-preferences-to-exercise-in-people-with-osteoporosis
#15
Isabel B Rodrigues, Jonathan D Adachi, Karen A Beattie, Joy C MacDermid
BACKGROUND: Despite the widely known benefits of exercise and physical activity, adherence rates to these activities are poor. Understanding exercise facilitators, barriers, and preferences may provide an opportunity to personalize exercise prescription and improve adherence. The purpose of this study was to develop the Personalized Exercise Questionnaire (PEQ) to identify these facilitators, barriers, and preferences to exercise in people with osteoporosis. METHODS: This study comprises two phases, instrument design and judgmental evidence...
December 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251659/exercise-in-the-management-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#16
Elizabeth Wellsandt, Yvonne Golightly
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on studies published during July 2001 to August 2017 of exercise as an intervention in knee and hip osteoarthritis, including its influence on an array of patient outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies continue to illustrate the efficacy of exercise in treating and managing osteoarthritis, with current literature more focused on the knee compared with the hip joint. Both traditional (e.g. strength, aerobic, flexibility) and more nontraditional (e...
December 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251655/moving-pulmonary-rehabilitation-into-the-home-a-clinical-review
#17
Chris Garvey, Jonathan P Singer, Allan Murphy Bruun, Allison Soong, Julia Rigler, Steven Hays
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is the standard of care for persons with chronic, symptomatic lung disease. The availability of PR is limited, particularly in rural areas. In addition, barriers to PR include the lack of transportation, patient inconvenience, inadequate insurance coverage, and cost. Technology has the potential to overcome several barriers to PR by enhancing the availability and uptake of PR principles through the development of technology-supported, home-based PR programs. For technology-supported, home-based PR, or telehealth PR, to be effective, key components of traditional PR must be present including appropriate individualized exercise prescription, self-management education, outcome measurements, and patient support...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251653/static-and-dynamic-balance-performance-and-balance-confidence-in-individuals-with-and-without-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#18
Buse Ozcan Kahraman, Ismail Ozsoy, Sema Savci, Serap Acar, Ebru Ozpelit, Can Sevinc, Bahri Akdeniz
PURPOSE: Assessment of balance performance is important for both diagnostic and therapeutic reasons in clinical practice. Although the ideal exercise prescription is unknown for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), balance training may be effective for this population if they have balance impairments, such as other patients with cardiopulmonary diseases. The present study aimed to evaluate static and dynamic balance performance and balance confidence in individuals with and without PAH...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243783/research-on-the-nutrition-and-cognition-of-high-risk-stroke-groups-in-community-and-the-relevant-factors
#19
N-N Zhao, K-X Zeng, Y-L Wang, P-J Sheng, C-Z Tang, P Xiao, X-W Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence rate of nutritional risk in high-risk stroke groups in community, analyze its influencing factors, and analyze and compare the relationship between nutritional risk or malnutrition assessed by different nutritional evaluation methods and cognitive function, so as to provide the basis and guidance for clinical nutritional assessment and support. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed for 1196 cases in high-risk stroke groups in community from December 2015 to January 2017...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243168/the-views-of-patients-with-metastatic-prostate-cancer-towards-physical-activity-a-qualitative-exploration
#20
G Sheill, E Guinan, L O Neill, D Hevey, J Hussey
PURPOSE: Patients with metastatic cancer can experience debilitating symptoms, which may influence attitudes towards and engagement in physical activity. This study aimed to examine the attitudes of patients living with metastatic prostate cancer towards physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were completed with male patients living with metastatic prostate cancer. Interviews included eight questions related to patients' attitudes towards physical activity...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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