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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548888/an-interdisciplinary-intervention-for-fear-of-falling-lessons-learned-from-two-case-studies
#1
James B Robinson, Julie Loebach Wetherell
This article describes two case studies using an interdisciplinary intervention for homebound older adults who experience fear of falling, resulting in debility and isolation. The patients discussed received separate home visits from a physical therapist (two and four visits) and psychologist (six and eight visits) and intervention components included an initial assessment of physical ability, prescription of home exercise program, exposure therapy, and cognitive restructuring. Both patients reported satisfaction with the fear of falling intervention and showed improved ability to walk, both in distance and in requiring less assistance...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546675/anatomical-correlation-of-core-muscle-activation-in-different-yogic-postures
#2
REVIEW
Mrithunjay Rathore, Soumitra Trivedi, Jessy Abraham, Manisha B Sinha
Faulty postures due to sedentary lifestyle cause weakening of core muscles which contributes to increased incidence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). Although a few research studies have quantified the core muscle activity in various yogic exercises used in rehabilitation programs, evidence correlating it to functional anatomy is scarce. Such information is important for exercise prescription when formulating treatment plans for MSDs. Therefore, the objective of this review article is to examine the literature and analyze the muscle activity produced across various yoga postures to determine which type of yoga posture elicits the highest activation for the core muscle in individuals...
May 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542003/providing-choice-in-exercise-influences-food-intake-at-the-subsequent-meal
#3
Natalya J Beer, James A Dimmock, Ben Jackson, Kym J Guelfi
The benefits of regular exercise for health are well established; however, certain behaviors following exercise, such as unhealthy or excessive food consumption, can counteract some of these benefits. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of autonomy support (through the provision of choice) in exercise - relative to a no-choice condition with matched energy expenditure - on appetite and subsequent energy intake. METHODS: Fifty-eight men and women (body mass index: 22...
May 23, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538319/reliability-and-accuracy-of-a-standardized-shallow-water-running-test-to-determine-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#4
Elizabeth F Nagle, Mary E Sanders, Bethany B Gibbs, Barry A Franklin, Jacquelyn A Nagle, Philip J Prins, Caleb D Johnson, Robert J Robertson
Nagle, EF, Sanders, ME, Gibbs, BB, Franklin, BA, Nagle, JA, Prins, PJ, Johnson, CD, and Robertson, RJ. Reliability and accuracy of a standardized shallow water running test to determine cardiorespiratory fitness. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1669-1677, 2017-A standardized fitness assessment is critical for the development of an individualized exercise prescription. Although the benefits of aquatic exercise have been well established, there remains the need for a standardized nonswimming protocol to accurately assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in shallow water...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536754/movement-amplitude-on-the-functional-re-adaptive-exercise-device-deep-spinal-muscle-activity-and-movement-control
#5
A Winnard, D Debuse, M Wilkinson, L Samson, T Weber, Nick Caplan
PURPOSE: Lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA) show altered motor control, and LM is atrophied, in people with low-back pain (LBP). The Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) involves cyclical lower-limb movement against minimal resistance in an upright posture. It has been shown to recruit LM and TrA automatically, and may have potential as an intervention for non-specific LBP. However, no studies have yet investigated the effects of changes in FRED movement amplitude on the activity of these muscles...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535241/management-of-depression-in-older-adults-a-review
#6
Rob M Kok, Charles F Reynolds
Importance: Depression in older adults is a common psychiatric disorder affecting their health-related quality of life. Major depression occurs in 2% of adults aged 55 years or older, and its prevalence rises with increasing age. In addition, 10% to 15% of older adults have clinically significant depressive symptoms, even in the absence of major depression. Observations: Depression presents with the same symptoms in older adults as it does in younger populations...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533552/physical-activity-for-paediatric-rheumatic-diseases-standing-up-against-old-paradigms
#7
REVIEW
Bruno Gualano, Eloisa Bonfa, Rosa M R Pereira, Clovis A Silva
Over the past 50 years it has become clear that physical inactivity is associated with chronic disease risk. For several rheumatic diseases, bed rest was traditionally advocated as the best treatment, but several levels of evidence support the imminent paradigm shift from the prescription of bed rest to physical activity in individuals with paediatric rheumatic diseases, in particular juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile fibromyalgia, and juvenile dermatomyositis. Increasing levels of physical activity can alleviate several symptoms experienced by patients with paediatric rheumatic diseases, such as low aerobic fitness, pain, fatigue, muscle weakness and poor health-related quality of life...
May 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524732/investigating-the-needs-and-wants-of-healthcare-providers-for-promoting-exercise-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-qualitative-study
#9
Yvonne C Learmonth, Brynn C Adamson, Julia M Balto, Chung-Yi Chiu, Isabel M Molina-Guzman, Marcia Finlayson, Elizabeth A Barstow, Robert W Motl
PURPOSE: We undertook a qualitative study that explored the needs of healthcare providers for promoting exercise behaviour among persons with mild or moderate multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We used interpretive description methodology, and conducted semi-structured interviews with Neurologists (n = 13), occupational therapists (n = 10), physical therapists (n = 11), and nurses (n = 10). The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: We identified three themes with multiple subthemes regarding exercise promotion by healthcare providers...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513268/effects-of-volume-training-on-strength-and-endurance-of-back-muscles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Leonardo Shigaki, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariane Guizeline Calderon, Thais Karoline Cezar Costa, Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Rubens A da Silva
CONTEXT: Strength/resistance training volume has historically been supported in the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. However, for the back muscles, exercise prescription related to the number of sets, such as single vs. multiple, is not well established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two training volumes on strength and endurance of back extensor muscles in untrained young participants, with regard to a repeated measures design...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511954/high-intensity-interval-training-hiit-improves-resting-blood-pressure-metabolic-met-capacity-and-heart-rate-reserve-without-compromising-resting-myocardial-function-in-sedentary-aging-men
#11
Fergal M Grace, Peter Herbert, Adrian D Elliott, Jo Richards, Alexander Beaumont, Nicholas F Sculthorpe
BACKGROUND: This study examined the combination of pre-conditioning exercise with subsequent high intensity interval training (HIIT) on blood pressure, echocardiography, cardiac strain mechanics and maximal metabolic (MET) capacity in sedentary (SED) aging men compared with age matched masters athletes (LEX). METHODS: Using a STROBE compliant observational design, 39 aging male participants (SED; n=22, aged 62.7±5.2yrs) (LEX; n=17, aged=61.1±5.4yrs) were recruited to a study that necessitated three distinct assessment phases; enrolment (Phase A), following pre-conditioning exercise in SED (Phase B), then following 6weeks of HIIT performed once every five days by both groups before reassessment (Phase C)...
May 13, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510504/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-basics-of-methodology-and-measurements
#12
Alessandro Mezzani
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing adds measurement of ventilation and volume of oxygen uptake and exhaled carbon dioxide to routine physiological and performance parameters obtainable from conventional exercise testing, furnishing an all-round vision of the systems involved in both oxygen transport from air to mitochondria and its utilization during exercise. Peculiarities of cardiopulmonary exercise testing methodology are the use of ramp protocols and calibration procedures for flow meters and gas analyzers...
May 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490620/physical-activity-evaluation-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#13
REVIEW
Christine Voss, Kevin C Harris
Significant advances in the management of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have resulted in marked improvements in survival and life expectancy. Thus, there is an increased emphasis on promoting physical activity to optimise healthy development and long-term cardiovascular health. Evaluation of physical activity levels as part of ongoing clinical care is recommended to facilitate physical activity counselling and/or exercise prescription. Physical activity is a complex health behaviour that is challenging to evaluate...
May 10, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482879/current-management-strategies-for-patellofemoral-pain-an-online-survey-of-99-practising-uk-physiotherapists
#14
Benjamin E Smith, Paul Hendrick, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, James Selfe, Toby O Smith, Pip Logan
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is considered one of the commonest forms of knee pain. This study aimed to identify how physiotherapists in the United Kingdom (UK) currently manage patellofemoral pain (PFP), particularly in relation to exercise prescription, and response to pain. METHODS: An anonymous survey was designed with reference to previous surveys and recent systematic reviews. Practising UK physiotherapists who treat patients with PFP were invited to take part via an invitation email sent through professional networks, the 'interactive Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (iCSP)' message board, and social media (Twitter)...
May 8, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478693/effects-of-different-physical-therapy-programs-on-perceived-health-status-in-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Irene Torres-Sánchez, Marie Carmen Valenza, Maria Dels Àngels Cebriá I Iranzo, Laura López-López, Ma Paz Moreno-Ramírez, Araceli Ortíz-Rubio
PURPOSE: To evaluate the repercussion of different physical therapy interventions on the perceived health status of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients during acute exacerbation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. Patients were assigned to: control group (standard medical treatment), controlled breathing + range of motion exercises group or Resistance exercises group. Perceived health status was assessed at baseline and discharge using the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) questionnaire...
May 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469751/physiological-acute-response-to-high-intensity-intermittent-and-moderate-intensity-continuous-5-km-running-performance-implications-for-training-prescription
#16
Carolina Cabral-Santos, José Gerosa-Neto, Daniela S Inoue, Fabrício E Rossi, Jason M Cholewa, Eduardo Z Campos, Valéria L G Panissa, Fábio S Lira
The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological responses to moderate-intensity continuous and high-intensity intermittent exercise. Twelve physically active male subjects were recruited and completed a 5-km run on a treadmill in two experimental sessions in randomized order: continuously (70% sVO2max) and intermittently (1:1 min at sVO2max). Oxygen uptake, excess post-exercise oxygen consumption, lactate concentration, heart rate and rating of perceived exertion data were recorded during and after each session...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462566/exercise-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-factors-to-consider-with-current-guidelines
#17
Robert Buresh, Kris Berg
It has long been established that exercise is powerful medicine for those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), such that it should represent a priority in the treatment and management of that condition. In spite of this, exercise adherence among those with T2DM is low, with lack of time and fear of doing harm commonly cited as reasons for not being more active. Published guidelines for aerobic exercise in those with T2DM recommend only moderate intensity, due to the elevated risk of untoward outcomes with more vigorous exercise in persons with chronic disease...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459099/walking-cadence-to-exercise-at-moderate-intensity-for-adults-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
J Slaght, M Sénéchal, T J Hrubeniuk, A Mayo, D R Bouchard
Background. Most adults choose walking as a leisure activity. However, many do not reach the international physical activity guidelines for adults, which recommend moderate intensity aerobic activity for at least 150 minutes/week in bouts of 10 minutes. Purpose. This systematic review provides an update on the walking cadence required to reach moderate intensity in adults and older adults, identifies variables associated with reaching moderate intensity, and evaluates how walking cadence intensity should be measured, but the main purpose is to report the interventions that have been attempted to prescribe walking cadence to increase time spent at moderate intensity or other outcomes for adults and older adults...
2017: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458417/evaluation-of-polypharmacy-and-appropriateness-of-prescription-in-geriatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#19
K B Rakesh, Mukta N Chowta, Ashok K Shenoy, Rajeshwari Shastry, Sunil B Pai
OBJECTIVES: To assess the polypharmacy and appropriateness of prescriptions in geriatric patients in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: An observational study was done in geriatric patients (>60 years) of either gender. The data collected from patients included: Socio-demographic data such as age, gender, marital status, educational status, socioeconomic status, occupation, nutritional status, history of alcohol/smoking, exercise history, details of comorbid diseases, medication history, findings of clinical examination etc...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456219/lactate-threshold-by-muscle-electrical-impedance-in-professional-rowers
#20
B Jotta, A B B Coutinho, A V Pino, M N Souza
Lactate threshold (LT) is one of the physiological parameters usually used in rowing sport training prescription because it indicates the transitions from aerobic to anaerobic metabolism. Assessment of LT is classically based on a series of values of blood lactate concentrations obtained during progressive exercise tests and thus has an invasive aspect. The feasibility of noninvasive LT estimative through bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) data collected in thigh muscles during rowing ergometer exercise tests was investigated...
April 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
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