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Aurora kinase

Isha Nasa, Scott F Rusin, Arminja N Kettenbach, Greg B Moorhead
Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is a highly conserved protein phosphatase that performs most of the serine- and threonine-dephosphorylation reactions in eukaryotes and opposes the actions of a diverse set of serine and threonine (Ser-Thr) protein kinases. PP1 gains substrate specificity through binding to a large number (>200) of regulatory proteins that control PP1 localization, activity, and interactions with substrates. PP1 recognizes the well-characterized RVxF binding motif that is present in many of these regulatory proteins, thus generating a multitude of distinct PP1 holoenzymes...
May 15, 2018: Science Signaling
Arminja N Kettenbach, Kate A Schlosser, Scott P Lyons, Isha Nasa, Jiang Gui, Mark E Adamo, Scott A Gerber
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is an essential protein kinase that promotes faithful mitotic progression in eukaryotes. The subcellular localization and substrate interactions of Plk1 are tightly controlled and require its binding to phosphorylated residues. To identify phosphorylation-dependent interactions within the Plk1 network in human mitotic cells, we performed quantitative proteomics on HeLa cells cultured with kinase inhibitors or expressing a Plk1 mutant that was deficient in phosphorylation-dependent substrate binding...
May 15, 2018: Science Signaling
Yasuhiro Kurasawa, Huiqing Hu, Qing Zhou, Ziyin Li
Cytokinesis, the terminal step in cell division, in the protist human pathogen Trypanosoma brucei occurs along the longitudinal axis from the anterior tip of the new flagellum attachment zone (FAZ) towards the posterior cell tip. This process is regulated by a signaling cascade composed of the Polo-like kinase homolog TbPLK, the Aurora B kinase homolog TbAUK1, and the trypanosome-specific CIF1-CIF2 protein complex. However, the regulatory mechanism and the signaling pathway for this unusual mode of cytokinesis remain poorly understood...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Daren Fearon, Isaac M Westwood, Rob L M van Montfort, Richard Bayliss, Keith Jones, Vassilios Bavetsias
Screening a 3-aminopyridin-2-one based fragment library against a 26-kinase panel representative of the human kinome identified 3-amino-5-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyridin-2(1H)-one (2) and 3-amino-5-(pyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2(1H)-one (3) as ligand efficient inhibitors of the mitotic kinase Monopolar Spindle 1 (MPS1) and the Aurora kinase family. These kinases are well recognised as attractive targets for therapeutic intervention for treating cancer. Elucidation of the binding mode of these fragments and their analogues has been carried out by X-ray crystallography...
April 17, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Jinyoung Park, Eun Joo Song
Aurora B is an important kinase involved in dynamic cellular events in mitosis. Aurora B activity is controlled by several post-translational modifications (PTMs). Among them, E3 ubiquitin ligase-mediated ubiquitination plays crucial roles in controlling the relocation and degradation of Aurora B. Aurora B, ubiquitinated by different E3 ligases, moves to the exact site for its mitotic function during metaphase-anaphase transition and is then degraded for cell cycle progression at the end of mitosis. However, how the stability of Aurora B is maintained until its degradation has been poorly understood...
May 16, 2018: BMB Reports
Annika Jacobsen, Linda J W Bosch, Sanne R Martens-de Kemp, Beatriz Carvalho, Anke H Sillars-Hardebol, Richard J Dobson, Emanuele de Rinaldis, Gerrit A Meijer, Sanne Abeln, Jaap Heringa, Remond J A Fijneman, K Anton Feenstra
Hyperactivation of Wnt and Ras-MAPK signalling are common events in development of colorectal adenomas. Further progression from adenoma-to-carcinoma is frequently associated with 20q gain and overexpression of Aurora kinase A (AURKA). Interestingly, AURKA has been shown to further enhance Wnt and Ras-MAPK signalling. However, the molecular details of these interactions in driving colorectal carcinogenesis remain poorly understood. Here we first performed differential expression analysis (DEA) of AURKA knockdown in two colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines with 20q gain and AURKA overexpression...
May 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kyle Knickelbein, Jingshan Tong, Dongshi Chen, Yi-Jun Wang, Sandra Misale, Alberto Bardelli, Jian Yu, Lin Zhang
Intrinsic and acquired resistance to anti-EGFR antibody therapy, frequently mediated by a mutant or amplified KRAS oncogene, is a significant challenge in the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the mechanism of KRAS-mediated therapeutic resistance is not well understood. In this study, we demonstrate that clinically used anti-EGFR antibodies, including cetuximab and panitumumab, induce killing of sensitive CRC cells through p73-dependent transcriptional activation of the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family protein PUMA...
May 14, 2018: Oncogene
Lucie Vaufrey, Christine Balducci, René Lafont, Claude Prigent, Stéphanie Le Bras
In metazoans, organisms arising from a fertilized egg, the embryo will develop through multiple series of cell divisions, both symmetric and asymmetric, leading to differentiation. Aurora A is a serine threonine kinase highly involved in such divisions. While intensively studied at the cell biology level, its function in the development of a whole organism has been neglected. Here we investigated the pleiotropic effect of Aurora A loss-of-function in Drosophila larval early development. We report that Aurora A is required for proper larval development timing control through direct and indirect means...
May 9, 2018: Developmental Biology
Nadia Al-Hazmi, Turki Alhazzazi, Gareth Williams, Kai Stoeber, Raghad Al-Dabbagh
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is still an unabated global killer with little advancement in its survival rate. DNA replication licensing proteins and Aurora kinase A are biomarkers that play important roles in genomic stability. The expression profile of minichromosomal maintenance protein 2 (MCM2), Ki67, geminin, and Aurora-A were linked to clinicopathological and outcome parameters, survival, and DNA content in 125 cases of OSCC. Oral fibroepithelial polyps (OFEP) were controls. The OSCC tumour cells were in a rapidly proliferating state, as assessed by the increased expression profile of MCM2, Ki67, geminin, and Aurora-A and of the geminin/Ki67 ratio, and the decrease of the MCM2/Ki67 ratio, in OSCC compared with OFEP (P < 0...
June 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Yichao Wan, Shengzhuo He, Wei Li, Zilong Tang
Currently, cancer continues being a dramatically increasing and serious threat to public health. Although many anti-tumor agents have been developed in recent years, the survival rate of patients is not satisfactory. The poor prognosis of cancer patients is closely related to the occurrence of drug resistance. Therefore, it is urgent to develop new anti-tumor agents to make up for the deficiency. Indazoles is an important class of heterocyclic compounds possessing a variety of biological activities, such as anti-tumor, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant and anti-hypertensive...
May 9, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Olga C Jorge-Torres, Karolina Szczesna, Laura Roa, Carme Casal, Louisa Gonzalez-Somermeyer, Marta Soler, Cecilia D Velasco, Pablo Martínez-San Segundo, Paolo Petazzi, Mauricio A Sáez, Raúl Delgado-Morales, Stephane Fourcade, Aurora Pujol, Dori Huertas, Artur Llobet, Sonia Guil, Manel Esteller
Rett syndrome (RTT) is the second leading cause of mental impairment in girls and is currently untreatable. RTT is caused, in more than 95% of cases, by loss-of-function mutations in the methyl CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MeCP2). We propose here a molecular target involved in RTT: the glycogen synthase kinase-3b (Gsk3b) pathway. Gsk3b activity is deregulated in Mecp2-knockout (KO) mice models, and SB216763, a specific inhibitor, is able to alleviate the clinical symptoms with consequences at the molecular and cellular levels...
May 8, 2018: Cell Reports
Xue-Mei Mu, Fang-Ying Cui, Zhuo Zhang, Xian-Ping Ding
Objective: To investigate the association of a very common mutation of c.144delC in the aurora kinase C (AURKC) gene with idiopathic teratozoospermia in Chinese infertile men in Sichuan. METHODS: Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and next-generation sequencing, we analyzed the correlation between c.144delC polymorphism of the AURKC gene and male infertility in 98 idiopathic teratozoospermia patients in comparison with 162 normal fertile men. RESULTS: Neither c...
December 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Maurizio Cutolo, Barbara Ruaro, Paola Montagna, Renata Brizzolara, Emanuela Stratta, Amelia Chiara Trombetta, Stefano Scabini, Pier Paolo Tavilla, Aurora Parodi, Claudio Corallo, Nicola Giordano, Sabrina Paolino, Carmen Pizzorni, Alberto Sulli, Vanessa Smith, Stefano Soldano
BACKGROUND: Myofibroblasts contribute to fibrosis through the overproduction of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, primarily type I collagen (COL-1) and fibronectin (FN), a process which is mediated in systemic sclerosis (SSc) by the activation of fibrogenic intracellular signaling transduction molecules, including extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (Erk1/2) and protein kinase B (Akt). Selexipag is a prostacyclin receptor agonist synthesized for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension...
May 2, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
JingJing Yu, Jing Zhou, Fei Xu, Wei Bai, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Aurora kinase B (Aurora-B) is a crucial regulator of accurate mitosis. Abnormal Aurora-B expression is associated with aneuploidy and has been implicated in the pathogenesis and drug resistance in a variety of human cancers. However, little evidence is available regarding the role of Aurora-B in regulating drug response in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which is the most common type of lung cancer, and is characterized with poor prognosis and high mortality. METHOD: In the current study, we investigated the association of Aurora-B with the prognosis of NSCLC patients, and we also used the latest CRISPR/Cas9 system to explore the regulatory role of Aurora-B in NSCLC cells developing resistance to cisplatin (CDDP) and paclitaxel...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Biological Markers
Wei Wang, Xiu Feng, Huan-Xiang Liu, Shi-Wu Chen, Ling Hui
A series of 2,4-disubstituted phthalazinones were synthesized and their biological activities, including antiproliferation, inhibition against Aurora kinases and cell cycle effects were evaluated. Among them, N-cyclohexyl-4-((4-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1-oxophthalazin-2(1H)-yl) methyl) benzamide (12c) exhibited the most potent antiproliferation against five carcinoma cell lines (HeLa, A549, HepG2, LoVo and HCT116 cells) with IC50 values in range of 2.2-4.6 μM, while the IC50 value of reference compound VX-680 was 8...
April 23, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Jennifer G DeLuca
One of the most important regulatory aspects of chromosome segregation is the ability of kinetochores to precisely control their attachment strength to spindle microtubules. Central to this regulation is Aurora B, a mitotic kinase that phosphorylates kinetochore substrates to promote microtubule turnover. A critical target of Aurora B is the kinetochore protein Ndc80/Hec1, which is a component of the NDC80 complex, the primary force-transducing link between kinetochores and microtubules. Although Aurora B is regarded as the "master regulator" of kinetochore-microtubule attachment, it is becoming clear that this kinase is not solely responsible for phosphorylating Hec1 and other kinetochore substrates to facilitate microtubule turnover...
April 26, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology
Sandra Hudson, Dongliang Wang, Frank Middleton, Barbara H Nevaldine, Rana Naous, Robert E Hutchison
BACKGROUND: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) shows 60-70% event free survival with standard treatments. Targeted therapies are being tested for increased benefit and/or reduced toxicity, but interactions with standard agents are not well known. METHODS: We exposed four ALCL cell lines to two targeted agents, crizotinib and brentuximab vedotin, and to two standard agents, doxorubicin and vinblastine. For each agent and combination, we measured apoptosis and expression of approximately 300 previously annotated genes of interest using targeted RNA-sequencing...
April 26, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Shi-Jie Zhan, Bin Liu, Hua Linghu
Serous ovarian cancer (SOC) accounts for >50% of all epithelial ovarian cancers. However, patients with SOC present with various degrees of response to platinum‑based chemotherapy and, thus, their survival may differ. The present study aimed to identify the candidate genes involved in the carcinogenesis and drug resistance of SOC by analyzing the microarray datasets GDS1381 and GDS3592. GDS1381 and GDS3592 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database ( A total of 219 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified...
April 19, 2018: Oncology Reports
Sanayo Kanamori, Ikko Kajihara, Saori Kanazawa-Yamada, Saki Otsuka-Maeda, Hironobu Ihn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Dermatology
Chelsea E Powell, Yang Gao, Li Tan, Katherine A Donovan, Radosław P Nowak, Amanda Loehr, Magda Bahcall, Eric S Fischer, Pasi A Janne, Rani E George, Nathanael S Gray
We present the development of the first small molecule degraders that can induce anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) degradation, including in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL), and neuroblastoma (NB) cell lines. These degraders were developed through conjugation of known pyrimidine-based ALK inhibitors, TAE684 or LDK378, and the cereblon ligand pomalidomide. We demonstrate that in some cell types degrader potency is compromised by expression of drug transporter ABCB1. In addition, proteomic profiling demonstrated that these compounds also promote the degradation of additional kinases including PTK2 (FAK), Aurora A, FER, and RPS6KA1 (RSK1)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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