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Osteopathic medicine

Paula M Termuhlen, Albert H O-Yurvati, Joseph J Stella
In early 2014, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, the American Osteopathic Association, and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine agreed to a memorandum of understanding describing a single accreditation system for graduate medical education in the United States. Although there are many benefits, such as consistent quality of graduate medical education, alignment of competency standards, alignment with policymakers' expectations, unification of voices on graduate medical education access and funding issues, and visibility of osteopathic medicine, there are also many challenges in creating a uniform system of graduate medical education...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Patrick J Herling, B Tanya Mohseni, Derek C Hill, Stacy Chelf, Jeffrey A Rickert, Jonathan T Leo, Natalie R Langley
Lincoln Memorial University-DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine (LMU-DCOM) offers an optional three-week summer Anatomy Boot Camp course (ABC) to facilitate students' transition into medical school and promote retention of anatomy subject matter. The pre-matriculation program is a supplemental instruction course that utilizes a small group learning format. Boot camp instruction is led by teaching assistants and two anatomy professors. Enrollees gain early exposure to Medical Gross Anatomy (MGA) course subject matter, which is taught in the fall semester, and learn study skills necessary to excel in medical school...
September 23, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
Donatella Bagagiolo, Alessia Didio, Marco Sbarbaro, Claudio Giuseppe Priolo, Tiziana Borro, Daniele Farina
Osteopathic medicine is a form of complementary and alternative medicine. Osteopathic practitioners treat patients of all ages: according to the Osteopathic International Alliance's 2012 survey, about one-third of all treated patients are aged between 31 and 50 years and nearly a quarter (23.4%) are pediatric patients, with 8.7% of them being younger than 2 years. In 2013 a systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in pediatric patients with different underlying disorders, but due to the paucity and low methodological quality of the primary studies the results were inconclusive...
September 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
Francesco Cerritelli, Marco Verzella, Luca Cicchitti, Giandomenico D'Alessandro, Nicola Vanacore
BACKGROUND: Placebo, defined as "false treatment," is a common gold-standard method to assess the validity of a therapy both in pharmacological trials and manual medicine research where placebo is also referred to as "sham therapy." In the medical literature, guidelines have been proposed on how to conduct robust placebo-controlled trials, but mainly in a drug-based scenario. In contrast, there are not precise guidelines on how to conduct a placebo-controlled in manual medicine trials (particularly osteopathy)...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Millicent King Channell
Although national didactic criteria have been set for predoctoral education and assessment in osteopathic manipulative treatment, there is no criterion standard for teaching methods and assessments of osteopathic manipulative treatment competence in colleges of osteopathic medicine. This issue is more pressing with the creation of the single graduate medical education accreditation system by the American Osteopathic Association and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, which introduced the creation of "osteopathic recognition" for residencies that want to incorporate osteopathic principles and practice into their programs...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Robert Orenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Valerie F Williams, Leslie L Clark, Mark G McNellis
Survey-based research has demonstrated the increasing use and acceptance of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in general and military populations. This report summarizes the use of three CAM procedures (chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation, acupuncture, and biofeedback) among active component service members from 2010 through 2015. Findings document a marked increase in the use of chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation and acupuncture procedures since 2010. The majority of the 240 military installations in this analysis provided chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation; more than three-quarters provided acupuncture; and approximately one-third provided biofeedback procedures...
July 2016: MSMR
Benjamin J Wagner, John V Ashurst, Thomas Simunich, Robert Cooney
CONTEXT: Medical residency education relies heavily on the use of written and oral testing as a means of assessing a learner's knowledge acquisition. In the United States, osteopathic emergency medicine residents take an annual specialty-based resident in-service examination (RISE) for this purpose. Their performance on the RISE helps direct educators' approach to teaching and training. OBJECTIVES: To determine the correlative strength of residents' cumulative performance on a series of weekly in-house quizzes with their performance on the RISE...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Victoria Hastings, Adrienne Marie McCallister, Sarah A Curtis, Roseanna J Valant, Sheldon Yao
CONTEXT: Pain is one of the most common postpartum complaints by women in the United States, and the pain varies in its location. Research on intervention strategies for postpartum pain has focused primarily on the lower back, but pain management for other types of postpartum pain remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) on postpartum pain; the location, quality, and timing of pain; and the difference in pain between vaginal and cesarean delivery...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
David Drozek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Jeanne M Sandella, John R Gimpel, Larissa L Smith, John R Boulet
BACKGROUND: The Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA) and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) are recognized by all state medical licensing boards in the United States, and the Federation of State Medical Boards has supported the validity of both examinations for medical licensure. Many osteopathic medical students take both examinations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate performance on COMLEX-USA Level 1 and USMLE Step 1 of students from colleges of osteopathic medicine where the majority of students took both examinations...
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Raddy L Ramos, Erik Guercio, Thomas Levitan, Shannon O'Malley, Phoebe T Smith
Undergraduates choose to become neuroscience majors for a number of reasons including future career goals. Faculty and administration of undergraduate neuroscience programs understand that many neuroscience majors have aspirations of applying and matriculating to medical school (Prichard, 2015); however a quantitative understanding of this particular student population remains unknown, especially in the context of the national growth in undergraduate neuroscience education (Ramos et al., 2011). In the present report, we use medical school application data to establish a novel quantitative understanding of the number of neuroscience majors that apply and matriculate to osteopathic medical school...
2016: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
John Carter, Nicholas McClellan, Derek McFaul, Blaine L Massey, Elisabeth Guenther, Glen Kisby
CONTEXT: According to a 2014 survey, 59% of students entering allopathic medical school reported previous research experience. However, limited data exist on the amount of research experience that students have before entering osteopathic medical school. A strong understanding of the research skills and level of interest of first-year osteopathic medical students is essential for developing research programs at osteopathic medical schools. Limited data exist on the amount of research experience that students have before starting osteopathic medical school...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Raddy L Ramos, Joshua A Cuoco, Erik Guercio, Thomas Levitan
CONTEXT: Given the well-documented shortage of physicians in primary care and several other specialties, quantitative understanding of residency application and matching data among osteopathic and allopathic medical students has implications for predicting trends in the physician workforce. OBJECTIVES: To estimate medical student interest in neurology and psychiatry based on numbers of applicants and matches to neurology and psychiatry osteopathic and allopathic residency programs...
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Bryan Larsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Adriana Isacke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Richard Lammers, Thomas Simunich, John Ashurst
INTRODUCTION: With the recent merger of the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) a heightened pressure for publication may become evident. Our objective was to determine whether there was a gap in the type of both medical degree designation and advanced degree designation among authorship in three United States-based academic emergency medicine journals. METHODS: We reviewed the Journal of Emergency Medicine, Academic Emergency Medicine and Annals of Emergency Medicine for the type of degree designation that the first and senior authors had obtained for the years 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014...
May 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
R Kayser, G Harke
The application of various techniques in manual medicine on infants, toddlers and adolescents enjoys widespread acknowledgement not only in the musculoskeletal field but also beyond that. For a long time, the seminars of the DGMM have been trying to structure the advanced training of doctors and the vocational training of physiotherapists and to adjust it according to the latest clinical and scientific findings (in this subject matter). Considering the controversial debates, this seems particularly necessary and meaningful...
June 2016: Der Orthopäde
Thomas R O'Neill, Michael R Peabody, Hao Song
PURPOSE: To examine the predictive validity of the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners' Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination of the United States of America (COMLEX-USA) series with regard to the American Board of Family Medicine's (ABFM's) In-Training Examination (ITE) and Maintenance of Certification for Family Physicians (MC-FP) Examination. METHOD: A repeated-measures design was employed, using test scores across seven levels of training for 1,023 DOs who took the MC-FP for the first time between April 2012 and November 2014 and for whom the ABFM had ITE scores for each of their residency years...
May 31, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Vivek Verma, Chirag Shah, Tim Lautenschlaeger, Chi Lin, Sushil Beriwal, Weining Zhen, Minesh P Mehta, Anthony L Zietman
PURPOSE: This is the first National Resident Matching Program analysis evaluating historical patterns of international medical graduates (IMGs) in radiation oncology (RO) and providing comparison with American (MD) medical graduates (AMGs), osteopathic students (DOs), unfilled positions, and other specialties. METHODS AND MATERIALS: National Resident Matching Program data for IMGs were available from 2003 to 2015, with limited data for other specialty matches. The following RO-specific figures were obtained per year: total positions available; total matched positions; number of unfilled positions; and number of IMG, AMG, and DO matches...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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