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Osteopathic medicine

Timothy J Bloom
Objective. To determine whether there is a distinctive pattern of StrengthsQuest Signature Themes or leadership domains for Doctor of Pharmacy students compared to students in other health care professional programs. Methods. Students in Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD), Master of Physician Assistant (PA), Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT), and Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) programs at Campbell University completed the online Clifton StrengthsQuest assessment and received their Signature Themes. The frequency of individual themes and the leadership domains into which they are sorted by Gallup was analyzed for each program...
February 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Neal R Chamberlain, Patricia S Sexton, Matthew R Hardee, Robert W Baer
Context: Thirteen entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for entering residency were created to aid medical educators as they prepare preclinical students for their residency and to assess student readiness for residency. The A.T. Still University Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine (ATSU-KCOM) developed a program called physician-mentored patient rounds (PMPR), which focuses on EPA 1 and EPA 2. Objective: To determine whether PMPRs could be used to assess expected behaviors of EPA 1 (gather a history and perform a physical examination) and EPA 2 (prioritize a differential diagnosis after a clinical encounter)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Brian F Degenhardt, Jane C Johnson, William J Brooks, Lisa Norman
Context: Although adverse events in various types of manual therapy have been previously investigated, little is known about the incidence and types of adverse events that occur after osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT). Objective: To estimate the incidence and characterize the types of adverse events that patients report after OMT and prior to leaving the office to increase the likelihood of identifying adverse events caused by OMT. Methods: As part of a prospective study evaluating the use and effectiveness of OMT, patients assessed how they felt immediately after OMT compared with before OMT using a 5-point ordinal rating scale (much better, better, about the same, worse, much worse)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
John T Heard, Brian F Degenhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Osamah M Alfayez, Sandra Leal, Terri Warholak
PURPOSE: Documentation of Stage 1 and Stage 2 Meaningful Use (MU) criteria for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus between clinical pharmacists and other healthcare providers was compared. METHODS: Patients seen at 8 clinics in a federally qualified health center who had type 2 diabetes mellitus and were seen by clinical pharmacists or other healthcare providers were randomly selected for inclusion in this retrospective study. Approximately half of the encounters were evaluated for Stage 1 MU compliance (encounters from October through December 2014), and half were evaluated for Stage 2 MU compliance (encounters from January through March 2015)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Rachel Giesey, Doria Narively, Valerie Fuller, Eliot Mostow
With the high demand and limited supply of dermatologists, the majority dedicate their time primarily to outpatient practice. A number ofobstacles to inpatient dermatology consults have been described, as well as the essential benefits for some of the sickest patients. Dermatology residency programs partially relieve this need, however with the transition to a single Graduate Medical Education accreditation system and many previously American Osteopathic Association-accredited dermatologyprograms ceasing to train residents after 2020, it is prudent to recruit additional possible consultants...
January 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
Brian R Wood, Vanessa M McMahan, Kelly Naismith, Jonathan B Stockton, Lori A Delaney, Joanne D Stekler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) awareness and prescribing practices among Washington State medical providers from diverse professional disciplines and practice types. METHODS: In May 2016, we administered an anonymous online survey to licensed medical practitioners who provide primary, longitudinal, walk-in, emergency, obstetric, gynecologic, sexually transmitted infection (STI), or family planning care. RESULTS: Of 735 eligible providers, 64...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
Osteopathy is a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that is growing in popularity. Increasing numbers of parents are seeking pediatric osteopathic care in addition to conventional medical care. Information about the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between these practitioners is scarce. This explanatory sequential mixed methods study aimed to explore enablers of and barriers to the development of IPC between physicians and osteopaths involved with pediatric patients in primary care in Quebec, Canada...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Albin Guillaud, Nelly Darbois, Richard Monvoisin, Nicolas Pinsault
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization published benchmarks for training in osteopathy in which osteopathic visceral techniques are included. The purpose of this study was to identify and critically appraise the scientific literature concerning the reliability of diagnosis and the clinical efficacy of techniques used in visceral osteopathy. METHODS: Databases MEDLINE, OSTMED.DR, the Cochrane Library, Osteopathic Research Web, Google Scholar, Journal of American Osteopathic Association (JAOA) website, International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine (IJOM) website, and the catalog of Académie d'ostéopathie de France website were searched through December 2017...
February 17, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Brian J Piper, Drew A Lambert, Ryan C Keefe, Phoebe U Smukler, Nicolas A Selemon, Zachary R Duperry
BACKGROUND: Textbooks are a formative resource for health care providers during their education and are also an enduring reference for pathophysiology and treatment. Unlike the primary literature and clinical guidelines, biomedical textbook authors do not typically disclose potential financial conflicts of interest (pCoIs). The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the authors of textbooks used in the training of physicians, pharmacists, and dentists had appreciable undisclosed pCoIs in the form of patents or compensation received from pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies...
February 5, 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
Jesse Bohrer-Clancy, Leslie Lukowski, Lisa Turner, Ilene Staff, Shawn London
Introduction: Negative outcomes in emergency medicine (EM) programs use a disproportionate amount of educational resources to the detriment of other residents. We sought to determine if any applicant characteristics identifiable during the selection process are associated with negative outcomes during residency. Methods: Primary analysis consisted of looking at the association of each of the descriptors including resident characteristics and events during residency with a composite measure of negative outcomes...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ashwin Mehra, Claire J Hoogendoorn, Greg Haggerty, Jessica Engelthaler, Stephen Gooden, Michelle Joseph, Shannon Carroll, Peter A Guiney
Background: Patient no-shows impede the effectiveness and efficiency of health care services delivery. Objective: To evaluate a 2-phase intervention to reduce no-show rates at an integrated care community health center that incorporates a teaching program for osteopathic family medicine residents. Methods: The Elmont Teaching Health Center (ETHC) is 1 of 5 community-based health centers comprising the Long Island Federally Qualified Health Centers...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Farshad Agahi, Mark R Speicher, Grace Cisek
Context: Medical schools use a variety of preadmission indices to select potential students. These indices generally include undergraduate grade point average (GPA), Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores, and preadmission interviews. Objective: To investigate whether the admission indices used by Midwestern University Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine are associated with the academic and clinical performance of their students. Methods: Associations between the prematriculation variables of undergraduate science GPA, undergraduate total GPA, MCAT component scores, and interview scores and the academic and clinical variables of the first- and second-year medical school GPA, Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination-USA (COMLEX-USA) Level 1 and Level 2-Cognitive Evaluation (CE) total and discipline scores, scores in clinical rotations for osteopathic competencies, COMLEX-USA Level 2-Performance Evaluation passage, and match status were evaluated...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Dawn Carnes, Austin Plunkett, Julie Ellwood, Clare Miles
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analyses to assess the effect of manual therapy interventions for healthy but unsettled, distressed and excessively crying infants and to provide information to help clinicians and parents inform decisions about care. METHODS: We reviewed published peer-reviewed primary research articles in the last 26 years from nine databases (Medline Ovid, Embase, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Osteopathic Medicine Digital Repository , Cochrane (all databases), Index of Chiropractic Literature, Open Access Theses and Dissertations and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature)...
January 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Lori Fitterling, Elaine Powers, Emily Vardell
The OSTMED.DR® database provides access to both citation and full-text osteopathic literature, including the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Currently, it is a free database searchable using basic and advanced search features.
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Christopher Mancuso, Jeffrey B Morris, Nilda Hernandez, M Isabel Fernandez
Context: As future physicians, osteopathic medical students will play a critical role in helping patients make informed decisions regarding treatment options. Objective: To examine the influence that the time, cost, and cosmetic effects associated with treatment options for basal cell carcinoma (BCC), along with students' demographic characteristics, have on treatment decision-making. The influence that different sources of information have on students was also studied...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Stacie A Salsbury, Christine M Goertz, Elissa J Twist, Anthony J Lisi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the demographic, facility, and practice characteristics of doctors of chiropractic (DCs) working in private sector health care settings in the United States. METHODS: We conducted an online, cross-sectional survey using a purposive sample of DCs (n = 50) working in integrated health care facilities. The 36-item survey collected demographic, facility, chiropractic, and interdisciplinary practice characteristics, which were analyzed with descriptive statistics...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Cynthia Marske, Natasha Bernard, Alison Palacios, Cary Wheeler, Ben Preiss, Mackenzie Brown, Saveri Bhattacharya, Gloria Klapstein
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study compares the safety and efficacy of three treatments in reducing pain and improving fibromyalgia symptoms. DESIGN: This study was an 8-week prospective, single center feasibility study. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Forty subjects were recruited from Solano, Sonoma, and Contra Costa counties of California in 2006-2009. Subjects were aged 18-65 and met the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1990 criteria for fibromyalgia...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Mary L Forte, Michele Maiers
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to identify self-reported differences in function, comorbidities, and medical service utilization among adults who reported using chiropractic and/or osteopathic manipulation in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, and to compare these between older and younger adults. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study of adults aged 18 or older who were included in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey and the Alternative Medicine Questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Robin J Jacobs, Hassan Iqbal, Arif M Rana, Zaid Rana, Michael N Kane
Context: The advent of health information technology (HIT) tools can affect the practice of modern medicine in many ways, ideally by improving quality of care and efficiency and reducing medical errors. Future physicians will play a key role in the successful implementation of HIT. However, osteopathic medical students' willingness to learn, adopt, and use technology in a health care setting is not well understood. Objective: To understand osteopathic medical students' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding HIT and to identify factors that may be related to their readiness to use HIT...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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