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Icu ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132512/ultrasound-and-other-innovations-for-fluid-management-in-the-icu
#1
REVIEW
Mark Blum, Paula Ferrada
Ultrasound is a user-dependent tool that can help guide therapy. The use of ultrasound to guide central line placement decreases complication rates. Cardiac ultrasound can help with the diagnosis of cases of hypotension. Lung and pleura ultrasound is a useful adjunct for diagnosis causes of desaturation. Abdominal ultrasound can help in rapid visitation of fluid and intra-abdominal structures.
December 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126689/the-feasibility-and-impact-of-routine-combined-limited-transthoracic-echocardiography-and-lung-ultrasound-on-diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-admitted-to-icu-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Kavi Haji, Darsim Haji, David J Canty, Alistair G Royse, Dhaksha Tharmaraj, Meor Azraee, Lynda Hopkins, Collin F Royse
OBJECTIVES: Limited transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and lung ultrasound increasingly is performed in the intensive care unit (ICU), though used in a goal-directed rather than routine manner. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTINGS: Tertiary ICU. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-three critically ill participants within 24 hours of admission to ICU. METHODS: A treating intensivist documented a clinical diagnosis and management plan before and after combined limited TTE and lung ultrasound...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126687/a-new-comer-steps-to-the-plate-should-ultrasound-join-the-icu-starting-lineup
#3
EDITORIAL
Sherif Assaad, Albert C Perrino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078131/neuromuscular-electrophysiological-disorders-and-muscle-atrophy-in-mechanically-ventilated-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-new-insights-from-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Paulo Eugênio Silva, Vinicius Maldaner, Luciana Vieira, Karina Livino de Carvalho, Hedian Gomes, Priscilla Melo, Nicolas Babault, Gerson Cipriano, Joao Luiz Quagliotti Durigan
PURPOSE: It is unclear whether the muscular changes in mechanically-ventilated traumatic brain injury patients (TBI) are only associated with disuse or additionally to neuromuscular electrophysiological disorders (NED). The correlation between muscle atrophy and NED may affect functional outcomes and rehabilitation programs significantly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational study was performed to investigate the presence of NED and muscle atrophy in TBI patients undergoing mechanical ventilation...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986861/ultrasound-assessment-of-rectus-femoris-and-anterior-tibialis-muscles-in-young-trauma-patients
#5
Maria Giuseppina Annetta, Mauro Pittiruti, Davide Silvestri, Domenico Luca Grieco, Alessio Maccaglia, Michele Fabio La Torre, Nicola Magarelli, Giovanna Mercurio, Anselmo Caricato, Massimo Antonelli
PURPOSE: Quantitative and qualitative changes of skeletal muscle are typical and early findings in trauma patients, being possibly associated with functional impairment. Early assessment of muscle changes-as evaluated by muscle ultrasonography-could yield important information about patient's outcome. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we used ultrasonography to evaluate the morphological changes of rectus femoris (RF) and anterior tibialis (AT) muscles in a group of young, previously healthy trauma patients on enteral feeding...
October 6, 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963297/clinical-examination-critical-care-ultrasonography-and-outcomes-in-the-critically-ill-cohort-profile-of-the-simple-intensive-care-studies-i
#6
Bart Hiemstra, Ruben J Eck, Geert Koster, Jørn Wetterslev, Anders Perner, Ville Pettilä, Harold Snieder, Yoran M Hummel, Renske Wiersema, Anne Marie G A de Smet, Frederik Keus, Iwan C C van der Horst
PURPOSE: In the Simple Intensive Care Studies-I (SICS-I), we aim to unravel the value of clinical and haemodynamic variables obtained by physical examination and critical care ultrasound (CCUS) that currently guide daily practice in critically ill patients. We intend to (1) measure all available clinical and haemodynamic variables, (2) train novices in obtaining values for advanced variables based on CCUS in the intensive care unit (ICU) and (3) create an infrastructure for a registry with the flexibility of temporarily incorporating specific (haemodynamic) research questions and variables...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931184/-modern-interdisciplinary-management-of-a-uretero-iliac-artery-fistula-case-report
#7
D Benedix, F Meyer, F Fischbach, A Janitzky, Z Halloul
Introduction Abnormal links between the arterial system and other luminal systems are a challenge to those in charge of their adequate diagnostic and therapeutic management. Objective Scientific case report on an individual who underwent successful treatment combining vascular-surgical and interventional radiology techniques for a rare right uretero-iliac artery fistula based on personal clinical experience, a selective literature research and a detailed discussion of current recommendations for diagnostic workup and subsequent treatment...
September 20, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930478/mechanical-ventilation-induced-diaphragm-atrophy-strongly-impacts-clinical-outcomes
#8
Ewan C Goligher, Martin Dres, Eddy Fan, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Damon C Scales, Margaret S Herridge, Stefannie Vorona, Michael C Sklar, Nuttapol Rittayamai, Ashley Lanys, Alistair Murray, Deborah Brace, Cristian Urrea, W Darlene Reid, George Tomlinson, Arthur S Slutsky, Brian P Kavanagh, Laurent J Brochard, Niall D Ferguson
Rationale Diaphragm dysfunction worsens outcomes in mechanically ventilated patients but the clinical impact of potentially preventable changes in diaphragm structure and function due to mechanical ventilation is unknown. Objectives To determine whether diaphragm atrophy developing during mechanical ventilation leads to prolonged ventilation. Methods Diaphragm thickness was measured daily by ultrasound in adults requiring invasive mechanical ventilation; inspiratory effort was assessed by thickening fraction...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903756/could-the-use-of-bedside-lung-ultrasound-reduce-the-number-of-chest-x-rays-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#9
Etrusca Brogi, Elena Bignami, Anna Sidoti, Mohammed Shawar, Luna Gargani, Luigi Vetrugno, Giovanni Volpicelli, Francesco Forfori
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound can be used as an alternative to chest radiography (CXR) for the diagnosis and follow-up of various lung diseases in the intensive care unit (ICU). Our aim was to evaluate the influence that introducing a routine daily use of lung ultrasound in critically ill patients may have on the number of CXRs and as a consequence, on medical costs and radiation exposure. METHODS: Data were collected by conducting a retrospective evaluation of the medical records of adult patients who needed thoracic imaging and were admitted to our academic polyvalent ICU...
September 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894889/influence-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-administration-setups-on-microbubble-enhancement-a-focus-on-pediatric-applications
#10
Michael R Kramer, Nishi Bhagat, Susan J Back, Laura Poznick, Flemming Forsberg, Kassa Darge, John R Eisenbrey
BACKGROUND: In pediatrics, contrast-enhanced ultrasound offers high-quality imaging with an excellent safety profile. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of varying intravenous administration setups on in vitro enhancement and concentration of two commercially available ultrasound contrast agents, taking into consideration potential pediatric applications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We quantified in vitro enhancement using a flow phantom (ATS Laboratories, Bridgeport, CT) and Acuson S3000 ultrasound system (Siemens Healthineers, Mountain View, CA) with a 9L4 probe in Cadence pulse sequencing mode...
September 11, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893830/assessment-of-paravalvular-leakage-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-add-clinical-signs-to-echocardiographic-data
#11
Corstiaan A den Uil, Mihai Strachinaru, Ben van der Hoven, J Han J Meeder
A 62-year old male with pulmonary fibrosis and aortic valve stenosis underwent TAVI (Corevalve Evolut XL 34 mm) in the build-up for lung transplantation (LuTx). Following post-dilation for a large annular perimeter, moderate paravalvular aortic regurgitation (AR) was observed. After 6 weeks, he was admitted to the ICU with respiratory failure(A). TTE demonstrated residual mild AR (based on a small excentric paravalvular AR jet, <10% circumferential extent, pressure half-time was not reliably measured) and together with borderline elevated NT-pro-BNP, the consultant cardiologist authorized LuTx listing...
September 11, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868995/central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-australian-icus-evaluating-modifiable-and-non-modifiable-risks-in-victorian-healthcare-facilities
#12
T Spelman, D V Pilcher, A C Cheng, A L Bull, M J Richards, L J Worth
Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in intensive care units (ICUs) result in poor clinical outcomes and increased costs. Although frequently regarded as preventable, infection risk may be influenced by non-modifiable factors. The objectives of this study were to evaluate organisational factors associated with CLABSI in Victorian ICUs to determine the nature and relative contribution of modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Data captured by the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society regarding ICU-admitted patients and resources were linked to CLABSI surveillance data collated by the Victorian Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance System between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2013...
October 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839334/central-venous-catheter-related-thrombosis-in-intensive-care-patients-incidence-and-risk-factors-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Ondrej Hrdy, Eva Strazevska, Petr Suk, Robert Vach, Radim Karlik, Jiri Jarkovsky, Igor Sas, Roman Gal
BACKGROUND: One of the complications associated with central venous catheter (CVC) placement is catheter related deep vein thrombosis (CR-DVT). However a literature search revealed little evidence of this recognised complication. The primary aim of this study was to establish the incidence rate and risk factors for the development of CR-DVT in our critically ill adult patients. METHODS: All critically ill adult patients admitted to the medical-surgical ICU with CVC inserted were included in this observational prospective study...
August 24, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820608/skeletal-muscle-ultrasound-in-critical-care-a-tool-in-need-of-translation
#14
Marina Mourtzakis, Selina Parry, Bronwen Connolly, Zudin Puthucheary
With the emerging interest in documenting and understanding muscle atrophy and function in critically ill patients and survivors, ultrasonography has transformational potential for measurement of muscle quantity and quality. We discuss the importance of quantifying skeletal muscle in the intensive care unit setting. We also identify the merits and limitations of various modalities that are capable of accurately and precisely measuring muscularity. Ultrasound is emerging as a potentially powerful tool for skeletal muscle quantification; however, there are key challenges that need to be addressed in future work to ensure useful interpretation and comparability of results across diverse observational and interventional studies...
October 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818213/the-natural-history-and-outcomes-of-line-associated-upper-extremity-deep-venous-thromboses-in-critically-ill-patients
#15
Joshua Underhill, Matthew A Sherman, Ryan Howard, Anthony Hage, Andrea Obi, Lena Napolitano, Dawn M Coleman
OBJECTIVE: Anticoagulation remains the standard of care for line-associated upper extremity deep venous thrombosis (UEDVT). This treatment carries the risk of hemorrhagic complications, possibly more so in surgical patients. Considering the low-risk profile of UEDVT-which is associated with fewer, less severe pulmonary emboli than lower extremity deep venous thrombosis-current UEDVT treatment guidelines may be overly aggressive. The goal of this study was to review outcomes of line-associated UEDVT in critically ill patients and to define the efficacy of current treatment protocols in pulmonary embolism (PE) prevention while avoiding hemorrhagic complications...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811717/modified-b-ultrasound-method-for-measurement-of-antral-section-only-to-assess-gastric-function-and-guide-enteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients
#16
Ying Liu, Ya-Kun Gao, Lei Yao, Li Li
AIM: To establish a modified B-ultrasound method of measuring the antral section only to assess gastric motility in healthy people, and evaluate its application in guiding enteral nutrition (EN) in critically ill patients. METHODS: First, 30 healthy volunteers were selected. The modified B-ultrasound method and the traditional B-ultrasound method were applied to assess gastric function. The correlation of indices of gastric function between the two groups was analyzed statistically...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806783/the-utilization-of-critical-care-ultrasound-to-assess-hemodynamics-and-lung-pathology-on-icu-admission-and-the-potential-for-predicting-outcome
#17
Wanhong Yin, Yi Li, Xueying Zeng, Yao Qin, Dong Wang, Tongjuan Zou, Ling Su, Yan Kang
AIM: Critical care ultrasound (CCUS) has been used by many Intensive Care Units(ICUs) worldwide, so as to guiding the diagnosis and the treatment. However, none of the publications currently systematically describe the utilization of CCUS to analyze the characteristics of hemodynamics and lung pathology upon the new admission to ICU and its potential role in patients' prognosis prediction. In this retrospective clinical study, we have demonstrated and analyzed the characteristics of hemodynamics and lung pathology assessed by CCUS and investigated its potential to predict patient outcome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780835/-prognostic-value-of-modified-lung-ultrasound-aeration-loss-score-in-shock-patient-in-intensive-care-unit
#18
T J Zou, M G Yin, Y Qin, Y Li, X Y Zeng, Y Kang
Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of modified lung ultrasound aeration loss score(mLUS) in shock patients in intensive care unit(ICU). Methods: This was a prospective study.Shock patients who were admitted to ICU from April 2016 to August 2016 were eligible; 90 consecutive shock patients were enrolled.Chest ultrasound examination were done within the first 6 hours after included. The mLUS and other ultrasound variables were recorded as well as the clinical data and the outcome. Data has been analyzed, and a bivariate logistic regression model was established to identify the correlation between mLUS on admission and the ICU mortality...
August 1, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767771/parapneumonic-pleural-effusion-early-versus-late-thoracoscopy
#19
Rodrigo Romualdo Pereira, Cristina Gonçalves Alvim, Cláudia Ribeiro de Andrade, Cássio da Cunha Ibiapina
Objective: To evaluate the best time to perform thoracoscopy for the treatment of complicated parapneumonic pleural effusion in the fibrinopurulent phase in patients ≤ 14 years of age, regarding the postoperative evolution and occurrence of complications. Methods: This was a retrospective comparative study involving patients with parapneumonic pleural effusion presenting with septations or loculations on chest ultrasound who underwent thoracoscopy between January of 2000 and January of 2013...
July 31, 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710662/lung-real-time-three-dimensional-imaging-in-critically-ill-ventilated-patients-a-global-diagnosis-concordance-study
#20
Jean-Marc Le Goff, Claire Roger, Benjamin Louart, Pierre Géraud Claret, Aurélien Daurat, Stéphanie Bulyez, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Xavier Bobbia, Laurent Muller
Lung ultrasound (LUS) increases clinical diagnosis performance in intensive care unit (ICU). Real-time three-dimensional (3-D) imaging was compared with two-dimensional (2-D) LUS by assessing the global diagnosis concordance. In this single center, prospective, observational, pilot study, one trained operator performed a 3-D LUS immediately after a 2-D LUS in eight areas of interest on the same areas in 16 ventilated critically ill patients. All cine loops were recorded on a computer without visible link between 2-D and 3-D exams...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
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