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James andrews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334379/highly-parallel-direct-rna-sequencing-on-an-array-of-nanopores
#1
Daniel R Garalde, Elizabeth A Snell, Daniel Jachimowicz, Botond Sipos, Joseph H Lloyd, Mark Bruce, Nadia Pantic, Tigist Admassu, Phillip James, Anthony Warland, Michael Jordan, Jonah Ciccone, Sabrina Serra, Jemma Keenan, Samuel Martin, Luke McNeill, E Jayne Wallace, Lakmal Jayasinghe, Chris Wright, Javier Blasco, Stephen Young, Denise Brocklebank, Sissel Juul, James Clarke, Andrew J Heron, Daniel J Turner
Sequencing the RNA in a biological sample can unlock a wealth of information, including the identity of bacteria and viruses, the nuances of alternative splicing or the transcriptional state of organisms. However, current methods have limitations due to short read lengths and reverse transcription or amplification biases. Here we demonstrate nanopore direct RNA-seq, a highly parallel, real-time, single-molecule method that circumvents reverse transcription or amplification steps. This method yields full-length, strand-specific RNA sequences and enables the direct detection of nucleotide analogs in RNA...
January 15, 2018: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331994/acl-and-meniscal-injuries-increase-the-risk-of-primary-total-knee-replacement-for-osteoarthritis-a-matched-case-control-study-using-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink-cprd
#2
Tanvir Khan, Abtin Alvand, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, David J Culliford, Andrew Judge, William F Jackson, Brigitte E Scammell, Nigel K Arden, Andrew James Price
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether ACL injury (ACLi) or meniscal injury increases the risk of end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) resulting in total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: A matched case-control study of all TKRs performed in the UK between January 1990 and July 2011 and recorded in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) was undertaken. The CPRD contains longitudinal data on approximately 3.6 million patients. Two controls were selected for each case of TKR, matched on age, sex and general practitioner location as a proxy for socioeconomic status...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331507/adropin-an-endocrine-link-between-the-biological-clock-and-cholesterol-homeostasis
#3
Sarbani Ghoshal, Joseph R Stevens, Cyrielle Billon, Clemence Girardet, Sadichha Sitaula, Arthur S Leon, D C Rao, James S Skinner, Tuomo Rankinen, Claude Bouchard, Marinelle V Nuñez, Kimber L Stanhope, Deborah A Howatt, Alan Daugherty, Jinsong Zhang, Matthew Schuelke, Edward P Weiss, Alisha R Coffey, Brian J Bennett, Praveen Sethupathy, Thomas P Burris, Peter J Havel, Andrew A Butler
OBJECTIVE: Identify determinants of plasma adropin concentrations, a secreted peptide translated from the Energy Homeostasis Associated (ENHO) gene linked to metabolic control and vascular function. METHODS: Associations between plasma adropin concentrations, demographics (sex, age, BMI) and circulating biomarkers of lipid and glucose metabolism were assessed in plasma obtained after an overnight fast in humans. The regulation of adropin expression was then assessed in silico, in cultured human cells, and in animal models...
December 30, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331500/peripheral-modulation-of-the-endocannabinoid-system-in-metabolic-disease
#4
REVIEW
Nirajan Shrestha, James S M Cuffe, Dana S Hutchinson, John P Headrick, Anthony V Perkins, Andrew J McAinch, Deanne H Hryciw
Dysfunction of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) has been identified in metabolic disease. Cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) is abundantly expressed in the brain but also expressed in the periphery. Cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) is more abundant in the periphery, including the immune cells. In obesity, global antagonism of overexpressed CB1 reduces bodyweight but leads to centrally mediated adverse psychological outcomes. Emerging research in isolated cultured cells or tissues has demonstrated that targeting the endocannabinoid system in the periphery alleviates the pathologies associated with metabolic disease...
January 10, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331171/the-genotypic-and-phenotypic-spectrum-of-mto1-deficiency
#5
James J O'Byrne, Maja Tarailo-Graovac, Aisha Ghani, Michael Champion, Charu Deshpande, Ali Dursun, Riza K Ozgul, Peter Freisinger, Ian Garber, Tobias B Haack, Rita Horvath, Ivo Barić, Ralf A Husain, Leo A J Kluijtmans, Urania Kotzaeridou, Andrew A Morris, Colin J Ross, Saikat Santra, Jan Smeitink, Mark Tarnopolsky, Saskia B Wortmann, Johannes A Mayr, Michaela Brunner-Krainz, Holger Prokisch, Wyeth W Wasserman, Ron A Wevers, Udo F Engelke, Richard J Rodenburg, Teck Wah Ting, Robert McFarland, Robert W Taylor, Ramona Salvarinova, Clara D M van Karnebeek
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial diseases, a group of multi-systemic disorders often characterized by tissue-specific phenotypes, are usually progressive and fatal disorders resulting from defects in oxidative phosphorylation. MTO1 (Mitochondrial tRNA Translation Optimization 1), an evolutionarily conserved protein expressed in high-energy demand tissues has been linked to human early-onset combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, often referred to as combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency-10 (COXPD10)...
January 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329552/correction-to-linkage-whole-genome-sequence-and-biological-data-implicate-variants-in-rab10-in-alzheimer-s-disease-resilience
#6
Perry G Ridge, Celeste M Karch, Simon Hsu, Ivan Arano, Craig C Teerlink, Mark T W Ebbert, Josue D Gonzalez Murcia, James M Farnham, Anna R Damato, Mariet Allen, Xue Wang, Oscar Harari, Victoria M Fernandez, Rita Guerreiro, Jose Bras, John Hardy, Ronald Munger, Maria Norton, Celeste Sassi, Andrew Singleton, Steven G Younkin, Dennis W Dickson, Todd E Golde, Nathan D Price, Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner, Carlos Cruchaga, Alison M Goate, Christopher Corcoran, JoAnn Tschanz, Lisa A Cannon-Albright, John S K Kauwe
The original version of this article [1] unfortunately contained a typographical error. The 'Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative' was erroneously included as 'Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initative' in the author list of the article.
January 12, 2018: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329500/c-o-isothiouronium-interaction-dictates-enantiodiscrimination-in-acylative-kinetic-resolution-of-tertiary-heterocyclic-alcohols
#7
Mark Greenhalgh, Samuel Smith, Daniel Walden, James Taylor, Zamira Brice, Emily Robinson, Charlene Fallan, David Cordes, Alexandra Slawin, Hannah Camille Richardson, Markas Grove, Paul Cheong, Andrew David Smith
A combination of experimental and computational studies have identified a C=O***isothiouronium interaction as key to efficient enantiodiscrimination in the kinetic resolution of tertiary heterocyclic alcohols bearing up to three potential recognition motifs at the stereogenic tertiary carbinol center. This discrimination was exploited in the isothiourea-catalyzed acylative kinetic resolution of tertiary heterocyclic alcohols (38 examples, s up to > 200). The reaction proceeds at low catalyst loadings (generally 1 mol%) using either isobutyric or acetic anhydride as the acylating agent under mild conditions...
January 12, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329189/beta-cell-death-by-cell-free-dna-and-outcome-after-clinical-islet-transplantation
#8
Boris L Gala-Lopez, Daniel Neiman, Tatsuya Kin, Doug O'Gorman, Andrew R Pepper, Andrew J Malcolm, Sheina Pianzin, Peter A Senior, Patricia Campbell, Benjamin Glaser, Yuval Dor, Ruth Shemer, A M James Shapiro
BACKGROUND: Optimizing engraftment and early survival after clinical islet transplantation is critical to long-term function, but there are no reliable, quantifiable measures to assess beta cell death. Circulating cell free DNA (cfDNA) derived from beta cells has been identified as a novel biomarker to detect cell loss, and was recently validated in new-onset type 1 diabetes and in islet transplant patients. METHODS: Herein we report beta cell cfDNA measurements after allotransplantation in 37 subjects and the correlation with clinical outcomes...
January 11, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328005/a-novel-use-of-the-neuroblate-sidefire-probe-for-minimally-invasive-disconnection-of-a-hypothalamic-hamartoma-in-a-child-with-gelastic-seizures
#9
James M Wright, Michael D Staudt, Andrea Alonso, Jonathan P Miller, Andrew E Sloan
The authors describe the case of a 22-month-old boy who presented with gelastic seizures and developmental delay. Magnetic resonance imaging and video-electroencephalography monitoring revealed a primarily intraventricular hypothalamic hamartoma and gelastic seizures occurring 20-30 times daily. The patient was treated with various regimens of antiepileptic medications for 16 months, but the seizures remained medically intractable. At 3 years of age, he underwent stereotactic laser ablation with an aim of disconnection of the lesion...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325868/canadian-genome-wide-association-study-and-meta-analysis-confirm-hla-as-a-risk-factor-for-peanut-allergy-independent-of-asthma
#10
Yuka Asai, Aida Eslami, C Dorien van Ginkel, Loubna Akhabir, Ming Wan, David Yin, George Ellis, Moshe Ben-Shoshan, Ingo Marenholz, David Martino, Manuel A Ferreira, Katrina Allen, Bruce Mazer, Hans de Groot, Nicolette W de Jong, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Anthony E J Dubois, Sarah Grosche, Sarah Ashley, Franz Rüschendorf, Birgit Kalb, Kirsten Beyer, Markus M Nöthen, Young-Ae Lee, Rick Chin, Steven Cheuk, Joshua Hoffman, Eric Jorgensen, John S Witte, Ronald B Melles, Xiumei Hong, Xiaobin Wang, Jennie Hui, Arthur W Bill Musk, Michael Hunter, Alan L James, Gerard H Koppelman, Andrew J Sandford, Ann E Clarke, Denise Daley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325217/neutrophil-infiltration-to-the-brain-is-platelet-dependent-and-is-reversed-by-blockade-of-platelet-gpib%C3%AE
#11
James A Giles, Andrew D Greenhalgh, Adam Denes, Bernhard Nieswandt, Graham Coutts, Barry W McColl, Stuart M Allan
Neutrophils are key components of the innate immune response, providing host defence against infection and being recruited to non-microbial injury sites. Platelets act as a trigger for neutrophil extravasation to inflammatory sites but mechanisms and tissue-specific aspects of these interactions are currently unclear. Here, we use bacterial endotoxin in mice to trigger an innate inflammatory response in different tissues and measure neutrophil invasion with or without platelet reduction. We show that platelets are essential for neutrophil infiltration to the brain, peritoneum and skin, neutrophil numbers returning to basal levels in the peritoneum and skin and being decreased (~60%) in the brain when platelets are reduced...
January 11, 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325192/single-transsacral-screw-and-nut-stabilization-of-bilateral-sacroiliac-luxation-in-20-cats
#12
Andrea Pratesi, James M Grierson, Andrew P Moores
OBJECTIVE:  This article aims to describe the use of a single transsacral screw and nut in a cohort of cats with bilateral sacroiliac (SI) luxation and document its radiographic and clinical outcome. METHODS:  Medical records and radiographic studies of cats with bilateral SI luxation managed with a transsacral screw and nut stabilization were reviewed. Short-term follow-up included clinical examination and radiographs. Long-term follow-up was via owner questionnaire...
January 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325163/trans-ethnic-evaluation-identifies-novel-low-frequency-loci-associated-with-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations
#13
Jaeyoung Hong, Kathryn E Hatchell, Jonathan P Bradfield, Bjonnes Andrew, Chesi Alessandra, Lai Chao-Qiang, Carl D Langefeld, Lingyi Lu, Yingchang Lu, Pamela L Lutsey, Solomon K Musani, Mike A Nalls, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Jeffery D Roizen, Richa Saxena, Katherine L Tucker, Julie T Ziegler, Dan E Arking, Joshua C Bis, Eric Boerwinkle, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Vincente Gilsanz, Denise K Houston, Heidi J Kalkwarf, Andrea Kelly, Joan M Lappe, Yongmei Liu, Erin D Michos, Sharon E Oberfield, Nicholette D Palmer, Jerome I Rotter, Bishwa Sapkota, John A Shepherd, James G Wilson, Saonli Basu, Ian H de Boer, Jasmin Divers, Barry I Freedman, Struan F A Grant, Hakon Hakanarson, Tamara B Harris, Bryan R Kestenbaum, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Ruth J F Loos, Jill M Norris, Arnita F Norwood, Jose M Ordovas, James S Pankow, Bruce M Psaty, Dharambir K Sanhgera, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Babette S Zemel, James Meigs, Josée Dupuis, Jose C Florez, Thomas Wang, Ching-Ti Liu, Corinne D Engelman, Liana K Billings
Context: Vitamin D inadequacy is common in the adult population of the United States. While the genetic determinants underlying vitamin D inadequacy have been studied in people of European ancestry, less is known in Hispanic or African ancestry populations. Objective: The TRANSCEN-D (TRANS-ethniC Evaluation of vitamiN D GWAS) consortium was assembled to replicate genetic associations with 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations from the meta-analyses of European ancestry (SUNLIGHT) and to identify novel genetic variants related to vitamin D concentrations in African and Hispanic ancestries...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325138/evidence-for-viral-interference-and-cross-reactive-protective-immunity-between-influenza-b-virus-lineages
#14
Karen L Laurie, William Horman, Louise A Carolan, Kok Fei Chan, Daniel Layton, Andrew Bean, Dhanasekaran Vijaykrishna, Patrick C Reading, James M McCaw, Ian G Barr
Background: Two influenza B virus lineages, B/Victoria and B/Yamagata, cocirculate in the human population. While the lineages are serologically distinct, cross-reactive responses to both lineages have been detected. Viral interference describes the situation whereby infection with one virus limits infection and replication of a second virus. We investigated the potential for viral interference between the influenza B virus lineages. Methods: Ferrets were infected and then challenged 3, 10, or 28 days later with pairs of influenza B/Victoria and B/Yamagata viruses...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324225/the-marburgvirus-neutralizing-human-monoclonal-antibody-mr191-targets-a-conserved-site-to-block-virus-receptor-binding
#15
Liam B King, Marnie L Fusco, Andrew I Flyak, Philipp A Ilinykh, Kai Huang, Bronwyn Gunn, Robert N Kirchdoerfer, Kathryn M Hastie, Amandeep K Sangha, Jens Meiler, Galit Alter, Alexander Bukreyev, James E Crowe, Erica Ollmann Saphire
Since their first identification 50 years ago, marburgviruses have emerged several times, with 83%-90% lethality in the largest outbreaks. Although no vaccines or therapeutics are available for human use, the human antibody MR191 provides complete protection in non-human primates when delivered several days after inoculation of a lethal marburgvirus dose. The detailed neutralization mechanism of MR191 remains outstanding. Here we present a 3.2 Å crystal structure of MR191 complexed with a trimeric marburgvirus surface glycoprotein (GP)...
January 10, 2018: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323731/expression-of-pd-l1-correlates-with-pleomorphic-morphology-and-histological-patterns-of-non-small-cell-lung-carcinomas
#16
Francois Ng Kee Kwong, Ute Laggner, Olivia Mc Kinney, James Croud, Alexandra Rice, Andrew G Nicholson
AIMS: With immunomodulatory therapy being integrated into treatment regimes for non-small cell carcinoma (NSCLC), we prospectively collected data on the immunohistochemical profile of tumours assessed in our institution and correlated this with morphological tumour features. METHODS AND RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry for PD-L1 was considered adequate when more than 100 tumour cells were seen microscopically. When adequate, PD-L1 staining was scored as <1%, ≥ 1-49% or ≥ 50% positive membrane staining within tumour cells only...
January 11, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323504/protective-behavioral-strategies-mediate-the-relationship-between-behavioral-economic-risk-factors-and-alcohol-related-problems
#17
Andrew T Voss, Kathryn E Soltis, Ashley A Dennhardt, Matthew P Martens, James G Murphy
Behavioral economic measures of alcohol reward value and future orientation have received support as predictors of alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, and response to intervention. Protective behavioral strategies (PBS) have been shown to be a significant mediator between a variety of risk factors and alcohol-related problems. The current article examines direct and mediating associations between measures of alcohol reward value (proportionate substance-related activity participation and enjoyment) and future orientation, use of PBS, and alcohol-related problems...
January 11, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321267/extreme-call-amplitude-from-near-field-acoustic-wave-coupling-in-the-stridulating-water-insect-micronecta-scholtzi-micronectinae
#18
Andrew Reid, David J W Hardie, David Mackie, Joseph C Jackson, James F C Windmill
Underwater acoustic transducers, particularly at low frequencies, are beset by problems of scale and inefficiency due to the large wavelengths of sound in water. In insect mating calls, a high call volume is usually desirable, increasing the range of signal transmission and providing a form of advertisement of the signaller's quality to a potential mate; however, the strength of the call is constrained by body size and by the need to avoid predators who may be listening in. Male crickets and water boatmen avoid some of the limitations of body size by exploiting resonant structures, which produce sharply tuned species-specific songs, but call frequency and volume remain linked to body size...
January 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319576/are-gillies-ten-commandments-just-as-commanding-today
#19
Andrew James Diver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317609/apolipoprotein-e-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54-and-cognitive-decline-over-the-adult-life-course
#20
Mark James Rawle, Daniel Davis, Rebecca Bendayan, Andrew Wong, Diana Kuh, Marcus Richards
We tested the association between APOE-ε4 and processing speed and memory between ages 43 and 69 in a population-based birth cohort. Analyses of processing speed (using a timed letter search task) and episodic memory (a 15-item word learning test) were conducted at ages 43, 53, 60-64 and 69 years using linear and multivariable regression, adjusting for gender and childhood cognition. Linear mixed models, with random intercepts and slopes, were conducted to test the association between APOE and the rate of decline in these cognitive scores from age 43 to 69...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
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