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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657818/examining-impulse-variability-theory-and-the-speed-accuracy-trade-off-in-children-s-overarm-throwing-performance
#1
Sergio L Molina, David F Stodden
This study examined variability in throwing speed and spatial error to test the prediction of an inverted-U function (i.e., Impulse-Variability Theory) and the speed-accuracy trade-off. Forty-five 9-11 year-old children were instructed to throw at a specified percentage of maximum speed (45%, 65%, 85%, and 100%) and hit the wall target. Results indicated no statistically significant differences in variable error across the target conditions (p=0.72), failing to support the inverted-U hypothesis. Spatial accuracy results indicated no statistically significant differences with MRE (p=0...
June 28, 2017: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636423/fundamental-motor-skills-a-systematic-review-of-terminology
#2
Samuel W Logan, Samantha M Ross, Keanu Chee, David F Stodden, Leah E Robinson
The three aims of this systematic review are to describe: (1) use of the term fundamental motor/movement skills (FMS) in published articles; (2) the quality of definitions; and (3) relative use of process- and product- oriented assessments to measure FMS. The inclusion criteria included: (a) peer-reviewed article, (b) printed in English, (c) published between January 2000 and 31 December 2015, (d) presence of either the term "fundamental motor or movement skill" in the title and/or abstract, and (e) FMS were a measured outcome...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595871/identifying-a-motor-proficiency-barrier-for-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-in-children
#3
An De Meester, David Stodden, Jacqueline Goodway, Larissa True, Ali Brian, Rick Ferkel, Leen Haerens
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the existence of a threshold level (proficiency barrier) of actual motor competence (MC) below which a child is not likely to attain 60min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: Actual MC was assessed in 326 children (48.5% boys; age=9.50±1.24years) using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2; MVPA was measured with ActiGraph GT3X+accelerometers. Perceived MC, included as a potential mediating variable, was assessed with the Self-Perception Profile for Children...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381262/structuring-supplemental-materials-in-support-of-reproducibility
#4
Dov Greenbaum, Joel Rozowsky, Victoria Stodden, Mark Gerstein
Supplements are increasingly important to the scientific record, particularly in genomics. However, they are often underutilized. Optimally, supplements should make results findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (i.e., "FAIR"). Moreover, properly off-loading to them the data and detail in a paper could make the main text more readable. We propose a hierarchical organization for supplements, with some parts paralleling and "shadowing" the main text and other elements branching off from it, and we suggest a specific formatting to make this structure explicit...
April 5, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169569/physical-activity-and-motor-competence-present-a-positive-reciprocal-longitudinal-relationship-across-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#5
Rodrigo A Lima, Karin Pfeiffer, Lisbeth R Larsen, Anna Bugge, Niels C Moller, Lars B Anderson, David F Stodden
BACKGROUND: The current study evaluated the reciprocal longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and motor competence (MC) and the potential mediation of cardiorespiratory endurance across 7 years. METHODS: This was a 7-year longitudinal study, the Copenhagen School Child Intervention Study (CoSCIS), with 3 measuring points [mean ages (in years) and respective sample size: 6.75 ± 0.37, n = 696; 9.59 ± 1.07, n = 617; 13.35 ± 0.34, n = 513]. PA was assessed using accelerometers...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164374/motor-competence-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-have-greater-influence-on-body-fatness-than-physical-activity-across-time
#6
R A Lima, K A Pfeiffer, A Bugge, N C Møller, L B Andersen, D F Stodden
We investigated the longitudinal associations among physical activity (PA), motor competence (MC), cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak ), and body fatness across 7 years, and also analyzed the possible mediation effects of PA, MC, and VO2peak on the relationships with body fatness. This was a seven-year longitudinal study with three measuring points (mean ages [in years] and respective sample size: 6.75±0.37, n=696; 9.59±1.07, n=617; 13.35±0.34, n=513). PA (moderate-to-vigorous PA-MVPA and vigorous PA-VPA) was monitored using accelerometers...
February 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054495/comparison-of-motor-competence-levels-on-two-assessments-across-childhood
#7
Alessandro H N Ré, Samuel W Logan, Maria T Cattuzzo, Rafael S Henrique, Mariana C Tudela, David F Stodden
This study compared performances and motor delay classifications for the Test of Gross Motor Development-2nd edition (TGMD-2) and the Körperkoordinationstest Für Kinder (KTK) in a sample of 424 healthy children (47% girls) between 5 and 10 years of age. Low-to-moderate correlations (r range = 0.34-0.52) were found between assessments across age. In general, both boys and girls demonstrated higher raw scores across age groups. However, percentile scores indicated younger children outperformed older children, denoting a normative percentile-based decrease in motor competence (MC) in the older age groups...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940837/enhancing-reproducibility-for-computational-methods
#8
Victoria Stodden, Marcia McNutt, David H Bailey, Ewa Deelman, Yolanda Gil, Brooks Hanson, Michael A Heroux, John P A Ioannidis, Michela Taufer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869529/low-fundamental-movement-skill-proficiency-is-associated-with-high-bmi-and-body-fatness-in-girls-but-not-boys-aged-6-11-years-old
#9
Michael J Duncan, Elizabeth Bryant, David Stodden
This study examined differences in children's body mass index (BMI) and body fatness (BF%) as a function of gender and fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency. Following ethics approval and parental consent, 248, 6-11 year-old children (112 boys, 136 girls) underwent assessment of 7 FMS: sprint run, side gallop, hop, kick, catch, throw and vertical jump. FMS tertiles ("high", "medium" or "low" FMS) were created based on the summed components of the FMS. Skinfold measures were used to calculate BF%. Physical activity (PA) was assessed using pedometry and maturation predicted using anthropometry...
November 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736964/associations-among-elementary-school-children-s-actual-motor-competence-perceived-motor-competence-physical-activity-and-bmi-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
An De Meester, David Stodden, Ali Brian, Larissa True, Greet Cardon, Isabel Tallir, Leen Haerens
BACKGROUND: Positive associations between motor competence and physical activity have been identified by means of variable-centered analyses. To expand the understanding of these associations, this study used a person-centered approach to investigate whether different combinations (i.e., profiles) of actual and perceived motor competence exist (aim 1); and to examine differences in physical activity levels (aim 2) and weight status (aim 3) among children with different motor competence-based profiles...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361351/trajectory-changes-of-children-s-energy-expenditure-and-physical-activity-the-effect-of-physical-activity-regiment-2715-board-238-june-3-9-30-am-11-00-am
#11
Zan Gao, Jung Eun Lee, David Stodden, Nida Roncesvalles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334405/young-children-s-energy-expenditure-and-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-on-weekdays-and-weekends
#12
Jung Eun Lee, David F Stodden, Zan Gao
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined young children's leisure- and school-based energy expenditure (EE) and moderateto-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The purpose of this study was to explore children's estimated EE rates and time spent in MVPA in 3 time segments: at-school, after-school, and weekends. METHODS: A total of 187 second and third grade children from 2 elementary schools participated in the study. Accelerometers were used to assess children's 5-day EE and MVPA...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328724/physical-characteristics-that-predict-involvement-with-the-ball-in-recreational-youth-soccer
#13
Alessandro H Nicolai Ré, Maria Teresa Cattuzzo, Rafael Dos Santos Henrique, David F Stodden
This study examined the relative contribution of age, stage of puberty, anthropometric characteristics, health-related fitness, soccer-specific tests and match-related technical performance to variance in involvements with the ball during recreational 5-a-side small-sided (32 × 15 m) soccer matches. Using a cross-sectional design, 80 healthy male students (14.6 ± 0.5 years of age; range 13.6-15.4) who played soccer recreationally were randomly divided into 10 teams and played against each other. Measurements included height, body mass, pubertal status, health-related fitness (12-min walk/run test, standing long jump, 15-m sprint and sit-ups in 30 s), soccer-specific tests (kicking for speed, passing for accuracy and agility run with and without a ball), match-related technical performance (kicks, passes and dribbles) and involvements with the ball during matches...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169780/comparison-of-performance-on-process-and-product-oriented-assessments-of-fundamental-motor-skills-across-childhood
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Samuel W Logan, Lisa M Barnett, Jacqueline D Goodway, David F Stodden
Process-oriented motor competence (MC) assessments evaluate how a movement is performed. Product-oriented assessments evaluate the outcome of a movement. Determining the concurrent validity of process and product assessments is important to address the predictive utility of motor competence for health. The current study aimed to: (1) compare process and product assessments of the standing long jump, hop and throw across age groups and (2) determine the capacity of process assessments to classify levels of MC...
April 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26950823/investigating-elementary-school-children-s-daily-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours-during-weekdays
#15
Zan Gao, Senlin Chen, Charles C Huang, David F Stodden, Ping Xiang
The purpose of the study was to quantify the contributions of physical education, exergaming (active video games that also are a type of exercise), recess, lunch break and after-school time segments to children's daily physical activity and sedentary behaviours. Participants were 138 second and third graders (71 girls) who attended 20-min recess and 75-min lunch time daily, 25-min regular physical education or exergaming-based classes being alternated daily. The after-school period was defined as 3:20-10:00pm...
January 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928601/identifying-profiles-of-actual-and-perceived-motor-competence-among-adolescents-associations-with-motivation-physical-activity-and-sports-participation
#16
An De Meester, Jolien Maes, David Stodden, Greet Cardon, Jacqueline Goodway, Matthieu Lenoir, Leen Haerens
The present study identified adolescents' motor competence (MC)-based profiles (e.g., high actual and low perceived MC), and accordingly investigated differences in motivation for physical education (PE), physical activity (PA) levels, and sports participation between profiles by using regression analyses. Actual MC was measured with the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder. Adolescents (n = 215; 66.0% boys; mean age = 13.64 ± .58 years) completed validated questionnaires to assess perceived MC, motivation for PE, PA-levels, and sports participation...
November 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26777724/association-between-sports-participation-motor-competence-and-weight-status-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Rafael S Henrique, Alessandro H N Ré, David F Stodden, Job Fransen, Carolina M C Campos, Daniel R Queiroz, Maria T Cattuzzo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate if baseline motor competence, weight status and sports participation in early childhood predict sports participation two years later. DESIGN: longitudinal study. METHODS: In 2010, motor competence (object control and locomotor skills), weight status and sports participation were assessed in 292 children between three and five years-of-age. In 2012, sports participation was re-evaluated in 206 of the original 292 children...
October 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691744/fundamental-motor-skill-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-kindergarteners
#18
Xiangli Gu
Guided by Stodden et al's conceptual model, the main purpose of the study was to examine the relation between fundamental motor skills (FMS; locomotor and objective control skills), different intensity levels of physical activity (light PA [LPA], moderate-to-vigorous PA [MVPA], and vigorous PA[VPA]), and sedentary behavior (SB) in socioeconomically disadvantaged kindergarteners. A prospective design was used in this study and the data were collected across the 2013-2014 academic school year. Participants were 256 (129 boys; 127 girls; Mage = 5...
October 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691581/the-relationship-between-actual-motor-competence-and-physical-activity-in-children-mediating-roles-of-perceived-motor-competence-and-health-related-physical-fitness
#19
Zeinab Khodaverdi, Abbas Bahram, David Stodden, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perceived motor competence and components of health-related physical fitness mediated the relationship between actual motor competence and physical activity in 8- to 9-year-old Iranian girls. A convenience sample of 352 girls (mean age = 8.7, SD = 0.3 years) participated in the study. Actual motor competence, perceived motor competence and children's physical activity were assessed using the Test of Gross Motor Development-2, the physical ability sub-scale of Marsh's Self-Description Questionnaire and Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children, respectively...
August 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26201678/motor-competence-and-its-effect-on-positive-developmental-trajectories-of-health
#20
REVIEW
Leah E Robinson, David F Stodden, Lisa M Barnett, Vitor P Lopes, Samuel W Logan, Luis Paulo Rodrigues, Eva D'Hondt
In 2008, Stodden and colleagues took a unique developmental approach toward addressing the potential role of motor competence in promoting positive or negative trajectories of physical activity, health-related fitness, and weight status. The conceptual model proposed synergistic relationships among physical activity, motor competence, perceived motor competence, health-related physical fitness, and obesity with associations hypothesized to strengthen over time. At the time the model was proposed, limited evidence was available to support or refute the model hypotheses...
September 2015: Sports Medicine
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