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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821630/il-17a-deficiency-mitigates-bleomycin-induced-complement-activation-during-lung-fibrosis
#1
Ellyse Cipolla, Amanda J Fisher, Hongmei Gu, Elizabeth A Mickler, Manisha Agarwal, Carol A Wilke, Kevin K Kim, Bethany B Moore, Ragini Vittal
Interleukin 17A (IL-17A) and complement (C') activation have each been implicated in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We have reported that IL-17A induces epithelial injury via TGF-β in murine bronchiolitis obliterans; that TGF-β and the C' cascade present signaling interactions in mediating epithelial injury; and that the blockade of C' receptors mitigates lung fibrosis. In the present study, we investigated the role of IL-17A in regulating C' in lung fibrosis. Microarray analyses of mRNA isolated from primary normal human small airway epithelial cells indicated that IL-17A (100 ng/ml; 24 h; n = 5 donor lungs) induces C' components (C' factor B, C3, and GPCR kinase isoform 5), cytokines (IL8, -6, and -1B), and cytokine ligands (CXCL1, -2, -3, -5, -6, and -16)...
August 17, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819765/reducing-health-disparities-among-indigenous-populations-the-role-of-collaborative-approaches-to-improve-public-health-systems
#2
EDITORIAL
Piotr Wilk, Martin Cooke, Saverio Stranges, Alana Maltby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817159/treatment-of-unicameral-bone-cysts-of-the-proximal-femur-with-internal-fixation-lessens-the-risk-of-additional-surgery
#3
Benjamin Wilke, Matthew Houdek, Rameshwar R Rao, Michelle S Caird, A Noelle Larson, Todd Milbrandt
Little data exist to guide the treatment of unicameral bone cysts in the proximal femur. Methods of treatment include corticosteroid injections, curettage and bone grafting, and internal fixation. The authors completed a multi-institutional, retrospective review to evaluate their experience with proximal femoral unicameral bone cysts. They posed the following questions: (1) Does internal fixation reduce the risk of further procedures for the treatment of a unicameral bone cyst? (2) Is radiographic healing faster with internal fixation? Following institutional review board approval, the authors conducted a retrospective review of 36 patients treated for a unicameral bone cyst of the proximal femur at their institutions between 1974 and 2014...
August 17, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816170/role-of-consolidative-radiation-therapy-after-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-relapsed-or-refractory-hodgkin-lymphoma
#4
Christopher Wilke, Qing Cao, Kathryn E Dusenbery, Veronika Bachanova, Aleksandr Lazaryan, Chung K Lee, Jianling Yuan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of the addition of consolidative radiation therapy after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) for relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Medical records were reviewed from a total of 80 consecutive patients who underwent high-dose chemotherapy with AHCT treated under a single protocol at University of Minnesota between November 2005 and January 2014. Of these, 32 patients received radiation therapy after AHCT as planned consolidation...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813770/point-counterpoint-slco1b1-genotyping-for-statins
#5
Russell A Wilke, Joseph Fanciullo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813739/pharmacogenetics-of-ppis-lessons-learned
#6
Chencheng Xie, Wilke A Wilke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813660/neutralizing-antibody-responses-to-viral-infections-are-linked-to-the-non-classical-mhc-class-ii-gene-h2-ob
#7
Lisa K Denzin, Aly A Khan, Francesca Virdis, Jessica Wilks, Melissa Kane, Helen A Beilinson, Stanislav Dikiy, Laure K Case, Derry Roopenian, Michele Witkowski, Alexander V Chervonsky, Tatyana V Golovkina
Select humans and animals control persistent viral infections via adaptive immune responses that include production of neutralizing antibodies. The precise genetic basis for the control remains enigmatic. Here, we report positional cloning of the gene responsible for production of retrovirus-neutralizing antibodies in mice of the I/LnJ strain. It encodes the beta subunit of the non-classical major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II)-like molecule H2-O, a negative regulator of antigen presentation. The recessive and functionally null I/LnJ H2-Ob allele supported the production of virus-neutralizing antibodies independently of the classical MHC haplotype...
August 15, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808635/effect-of-dentin-biomodifiers-on-the-immediate-and-long-term-bond-strengths-of-a-simplified-etch-and-rinse-adhesive-to-dentin
#8
Payal Singh, Rajni Nagpal, Udai Pratap Singh
OBJECTIVES: This in vitro study evaluated the effect of dentin biomodifiers on the immediate and long-term bond strengths of a simplified etch and rinse adhesive to dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flat coronal dentin surfaces were prepared in 120 extracted human molars. Teeth were randomly divided into 5 groups (n = 24) according to 5 different surface pre-treatments: No pre-treatment (control); 1M carbodiimide (EDC); 0.1% epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG); 2% minocycline (MI); 10% sodium ascorbate (SA)...
August 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805775/-the-features-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-traumatic-and-non-traumatic-pulmonary-bleeding
#9
Sh N Danielyan, M M Abakumov, E A Tarabrin, L S Kokov, A M Gasanov, A P Wilk, A A Saprin
AIM: To analyze an efficacy of differentiated approach for pulmonary bleeding of different etiology and severity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 134 cases of pulmonary bleeding for the period 2006-2015 including 53 patients with traumatic and 81 with non-traumatic etiology. Men/women ratio was 2.7:1, mean age was 43 years. Comparative retrospective analysis of X-ray and CT data in diagnosis of bleeding source was performed. Bronchoscopy was used to confirm these data...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805524/response-to-the-editorial-by-dr-geraghty
#10
Peter D White, Trudie Chalder, Michael Sharpe, Brian J Angus, Hannah L Baber, Jessica Bavinton, Mary Burgess, Lucy V Clark, Diane L Cox, Julia C DeCesare, Kimberley A Goldsmith, Anthony L Johnson, Paul McCrone, Gabrielle Murphy, Maurice Murphy, Hazel O'Dowd, Laura Potts, Rebacca Walwyn, David Wilks
This article is written in response to the linked editorial by Dr Geraghty about the adaptive Pacing, graded Activity and Cognitive behaviour therapy; a randomised Evaluation (PACE) trial, which we led, implemented and published. The PACE trial compared four treatments for people diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome. All participants in the trial received specialist medical care. The trial found that adding cognitive behaviour therapy or graded exercise therapy to specialist medical care was as safe as, and more effective than, adding adaptive pacing therapy or specialist medical care alone...
August 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804922/study-of-cognitive-function-in-children-treated-with-propranolol-for-infantile-hemangioma
#11
Nieves González-Llorente, Isabel Del Olmo-Benito, Natalia Muñoz-Ollero, Miguel Angel Descalzo, Ignacio García-Doval, Antonio Torrelo
BACKGROUND: Oral propranolol is considered the first choice for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IHs). There is a concern that administering propranolol in newborns and infants could induce adverse effects in learning and memory processes in the long term. The purpose of this study was to assess cognitive and memory functions in children who had been treated with propranolol for IH during their infancy. METHODS: A total of 23 children between 5 and 7.5 years of age who had been treated with oral propranolol for IH during infancy were tested for cognitive functions with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Fourth Edition (WPPSI-IV) test and for memory functions with the Test of Memory and Learning (TOMAL)...
August 14, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802697/the-insertion-of-polybia-mp1-into-phospholipid-monolayers-is-regulated-by-its-anionic-nature-and-phase-state
#12
Dayane S Alvares, Natalia Wilke, João Ruggiero Neto, Maria Laura Fanani
Polybia-MP1 or simply MP1 (IDWKKLLDAAKQIL-NH2) is a peptide with broad-spectrum bactericidal activity and a strong inhibitory effect against cancer cells. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of biophysical properties such as membrane texture and film thickness on MP1 interaction with neutral and anionic lipid membranes. For this purpose, we first explored the peptide's surface behavior. MP1 showed high surface activity, adsorbing onto bare air/aqueous interfaces up to higher surface pressures than the collapse pressure of MP1 Langmuir films...
August 9, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802224/speciation-of-the-trivalent-f-elements-eu-iii-and-cm-iii-in-digestive-media
#13
Claudia Wilke, Astrid Barkleit, Thorsten Stumpf, Atsushi Ikeda-Ohno
In case radioactive materials are released into the environment, their incorporation into our digestive system would be a significant concern. Trivalent f-elements, i.e., trivalent actinides and lanthanides, could potentially represent a serious health risk due to their chemo- and radiotoxicity, nevertheless the biochemical behavior of these elements are mostly unknown even to date. This study, therefore, focuses on the chemical speciation of trivalent f-elements in the human gastrointestinal tract. To simulate the digestive system artificial digestive juices (saliva, gastric juice, pancreatic juice and bile fluid) were prepared...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800843/discectomy-without-replacement-improves-function-in-patients-with-internal-derangement-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#14
Michael Miloro, Matthew McKnight, Michael D Han, Michael R Markiewicz
PURPOSE: Treatment of internal derangement is controversial. This study assessed the effectiveness of discectomy without replacement in improving jaw function and decreasing pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study sample of subjects with internal derangement underwent discectomy without replacement by one surgeon at a single academic medical center. The primary predictor variables were preoperative maximal incisal opening (MIO) and Helkimo Clinical Dysfunction Index (CDI) score...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797807/impact-of-oral-gut-decontamination-on-staphylococcus-aureus-colonization-in-patients-undergoing-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#15
C Matthias Wilk, Isabel Weber, Kati Seidl, Carole Rachmühl, Anne Holzmann-Bürgel, Antonia M S Müller, Stefan P Kuster, Urs Schanz, Annelies S Zinkernagel
Recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) are severely immunocompromised and at increased risk for infections. In this prospective, observational, single-center study including 110 HSCT-recipients, the S. aureus colonization rate was reduced from 12% to 0% (p<0.001) following peri-transplant oral gut decontamination. No invasive S. aureus infections were observed.
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797763/the-safety-pharmacology-society-salary-survey
#16
Michael K Pugsley, Simon Authier, Tiffini Brabham, Maxim Soloviev, Carrie G Markgraf, Krystle Correll, Martin Traebert, Andrea Greiter-Wilke, Jean-Pierre Valentin, Hugo Vargas, Alfred Botchway, Derek J Leishman, Michael J Curtis
INTRODUCTION: Safety pharmacology is a growing discipline with scientists broadly distributed across international geographical regions. This electronic salary survey is the first to be distributed amongst the entire Safety Pharmacology Society (SPS) membership. An electronic survey was sent to all members of the Society. Categorical survey questions assessed membership employment types, annual incomes, and professional certifications, along with other associated career attributes. METHODS: This survey was distributed to the SPS membership that is comprised of safety pharmacologists, toxicologists and pharmacologists working globally in the pharmaceutical industry, at contract research organizations (CRO), regulatory agencies, and academia or within the technology provider industry...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796851/association-of-maternal-preeclampsia-with-infant-risk-of-premature-birth-and-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#17
Julia P Shulman, Cindy Weng, Jacob Wilkes, Tom Greene, M Elizabeth Hartnett
Importance: Studies report conflicting associations between preeclampsia and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study provides explanations for the discrepancies to clarify the relationship between preeclampsia and ROP. Objective: To evaluate the association of maternal preeclampsia and risk of ROP among infants in an unrestricted birth cohort and a restricted subcohort of preterm, very low birth weight (P-VLBW) infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective review of 290 992 live births within the Intermountain Healthcare System in Utah from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2010, was performed...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792208/fiber-coupled-substrate-integrated-hollow-waveguides-an-innovative-approach-to-mid-infrared-remote-gas-sensors
#18
Erhan Tütüncü, Vjekoslav Kokoric, Andreas WIlk, Felicia Seichter, Michael Schmid, William E Hunt, Anastacia M Manuel, Paul Mirkarimi, Jennifer B Alameda, J Chance Carter, Boris Mizaikoff
In this study, an innovative approach based on fiberoptically coupled substrate-integrated hollow waveguide (iHWG) gas cells for the analysis of low sample volumes suitable for remote broad- and narrow-band mid-infrared (MIR; 2.5-20 μm) sensing applications is reported. The feasibility of remotely addressing iHWG gas cells, configured in a double-pass geometry via a reflector, by direct coupling to a 7-around-1 mid-infrared fiber bundle is demonstrated, facilitating low-level hydrocarbon gas analysis. For comparison studies, two iHWGs with substrate dimensions of 50×50×12 mm (L × W × H) and geometric channel lengths of 138 mm and 58...
August 9, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790807/non-persistence-and-non-adherence-to-mtx-therapy-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-retrospective-cohort-study-based-on-german-ra-patients
#19
Sabrina Müller, Thomas Wilke, Andreas Fuchs, Ulf Maywald, Jan-Paul Flacke, Harald Heinisch, Klaus Krüger
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the level of nonpersistence (NP) and nonadherence (NA) to methotrexate (MTX) therapy in German patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on German claims data, RA patients who received a MTX therapy (subgroup: treatment-naive patients) were analyzed. NP was defined as treatment gap >12 weeks. Regarding NA, it is the overall medication possession ratio (MPR) during an observational period of 12 or 24 months after therapy, and the MPR is calculated only for the periods of therapy continuation; NA was defined as MPR <80%...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789941/effect-of-the-ratio-of-coronary-arterial-lumen-volume-to-left-ventricle-myocardial-mass-derived-from-coronary-ct-angiography-on-fractional-flow-reserve
#20
Charles A Taylor, Sara Gaur, Jonathon Leipsic, Stephan Achenbach, Daniel S Berman, Jesper M Jensen, Damini Dey, Hans Erik Bøtker, Hyun Jin Kim, Sophie Khem, Alan Wilk, Christopher K Zarins, Hiram Bezerra, John Lesser, Brian Ko, Jagat Narula, Amir Ahmadi, Kristian A Øvrehus, Fred St Goar, Bernard De Bruyne, Bjarne L Nørgaard
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), lower values of the ratio of total epicardial coronary arterial lumen volume to left ventricular myocardial mass (V/M) result in lower fractional flow reserve (FFR). METHODS: V/M was computed in 238 patients from the NXT trial who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA), quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and FFR measurement in 438 vessels. Nitroglycerin was administered prior to CT, QCA and FFR acquisition...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
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