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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137056/optic-nerve-injury-associated-blunt-cerebrovascular-injury-three-case-reports
#1
Dan-Dong Li, Liu-Xun Hu, Linyuan Sima, Shang-Yu Xu, Jian Lin, Nu Zhang, Bo Yin
RATIONALE: Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is a rare complication that may occur after craniocervical trauma. The current literature is limited to extracranial carotid artery injuries; however, no reports have been published on blunt intracranial carotid injury (BICI), especially those associated with optic nerve injury. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we report on 3 BICI cases that demonstrated optic nerve injuries after craniofacial injuries. All 3 patients showed post-trauma vision loss on the injured side...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132388/a-composite-robotic-based-measure-of-upper-limb-proprioception
#2
Jeffrey M Kenzie, Jennifer A Semrau, Michael D Hill, Stephen H Scott, Sean P Dukelow
BACKGROUND: Proprioception is the sense of the position and movement of our limbs, and is vital for executing coordinated movements. Proprioceptive disorders are common following stroke, but clinical tests for measuring impairments in proprioception are simple ordinal scales that are unreliable and relatively crude. We developed and validated specific kinematic parameters to quantify proprioception and compared two common metrics, Euclidean and Mahalanobis distances, to combine these parameters into an overall summary score of proprioception...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132076/kinematic-analysis-of-direct-pointing-in-projection-based-stereoscopic-environments
#3
Chiuhsiang Joe Lin, Bereket Haile Woldegiorgis
This work investigated the effects of visual information, parallax, and target positions on movement performances in projection-based stereoscopic displays (PSDs). Fifteen (26.5 ± 3.83 years) self-declared right-handed individuals, with normal or corrected to normal visual acuity, completed pointing tasks in stereoscopic and real environments (RE). Three-dimensional spatial data, recorded by a motion system composed of six infrared cameras, was used to compute kinematics of reaching a real/virtual object at a combination of three parallax and nine frontal planar positions...
November 10, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126454/an-analysis-on-intersectional-collaboration-on-non-communicable-chronic-disease-prevention-and-control-in-china-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-main-officials-of-community-health-service-institutions
#4
Xing-Ming Li, Alon Rasooly, Bo Peng, JianWang, Shu-Yu Xiong
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to design a tool of evaluating intersectional collaboration on Non-communicable Chronic Disease (NCD) prevention and control, and further to understand the current status of intersectional collaboration in community health service institutions of China. METHODS: We surveyed 444 main officials of community health service institutions in Beijing, Tianjin, Hubei and Ningxia regions of China in 2014 by using a questionnaire. A model of collaboration measurement, including four relational dimensions of governance, shared goals and vision, formalization and internalization, was used to compare the scores of evaluation scale in NCD management procedures across community healthcare institutions and other ones...
November 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108747/vision-rehabilitation-preferred-practice-pattern%C3%A2
#5
Joseph L Fontenot, Mark D Bona, Mona A Kaleem, William M McLaughlin, Terry L Schwartz, John D Shepherd, Mary Lou Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098289/estimates-of-incidence-and-prevalence-of-visual-impairment-low-vision-and-blindness-in-the-united-states
#6
Tiffany Chan, David S Friedman, Chris Bradley, Robert Massof
Importance: Updated estimates of the prevalence and incidence rates of low vision and blindness are needed to inform policy makers and develop plans to meet the future demands for low vision rehabilitation services. Objective: To provide updated estimates of the incidence and prevalence of low vision and blindness in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: Visual acuity measurements as a function of age from the 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, with representation of racial and ethnic groups, were used to estimate the prevalence and incidence of visual impairments...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097987/multisensory-rehabilitation-training-improves-spatial-perception-in-totally-but-not-partially-visually-deprived-children
#7
Giulia Cappagli, Sara Finocchietti, Gabriel Baud-Bovy, Elena Cocchi, Monica Gori
Since it has been shown that spatial development can be delayed in blind children, focused sensorimotor trainings that associate auditory and motor information might be used to prevent the risk of spatial-related developmental delays or impairments from an early age. With this aim, we proposed a new technological device based on the implicit link between action and perception: ABBI (Audio Bracelet for Blind Interaction) is an audio bracelet that produces a sound when a movement occurs by allowing the substitution of the visuo-motor association with a new audio-motor association...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079869/-new-aspects-of-symptomatic-ms-treatment-part%C3%A2-5-fatigue
#8
REVIEW
T Henze, W Feneberg, P Flachenecker, D Seidel, H Albrecht, M Starck, S G Meuth
The symptomatic treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) is nowadays of similar importance as immunotherapy within a comprehensive treatment concept of this chronic disease. It makes a considerable contribution to the reduction of disabilities in activities of daily living as well as social and occupational life. Moreover, symptomatic treatment is of great importance for amelioration of the quality of life. Since our last survey of symptomatic MS treatment in 2004 and publication of the guidelines of the German Neurological Society and the Clinical Competence Network Multiple Sclerosis (Klinisches Kompetenznetz Multiple Sklerose, KKN-MS) in 2014 several developments within the topics of mobility, bladder and sexual function, vision, fatigue, cognition and rehabilitation have taken place...
October 27, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079868/-new-aspects-of-symptomatic-ms-treatment-part%C3%A2-6-cognitive-dysfunction-and-rehabilitation
#9
REVIEW
T Henze, W Feneberg, P Flachenecker, D Seidel, H Albrecht, M Starck, S G Meuth
The symptomatic treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) is nowadays of similar importance as immunotherapy within a comprehensive treatment concept of this chronic disease. It makes a considerable contribution to the reduction of disabilities in activities of daily living as well as social and occupational life. Moreover, symptomatic treatment is of great importance for amelioration of the quality of life. Since our last survey of symptomatic MS treatment in 2004 and publication of the guidelines of the German Neurological Society and the Clinical Competence Network Multiple Sclerosis ("Klinisches Kompetenznetz Multiple Sklerose", KKN-MS) in 2014 several developments within the topics of mobility, bladder and sexual function, vision, fatigue, cognition and rehabilitation have taken place...
October 27, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079866/-new-aspects-of-symptomatic-ms-treatment-part%C3%A2-4-sexual-dysfunction-and-eye-movement-disorders
#10
REVIEW
T Henze, W Feneberg, P Flachenecker, D Seidel, H Albrecht, M Starck, S G Meuth
The symptomatic treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) is nowadays of similar importance as immunotherapy within a comprehensive treatment concept of this chronic disease. It makes a considerable contribution to the reduction of disabilities in activities of daily living as well as social and occupational life. Moreover, symptomatic treatment is of great importance for amelioration of the quality of life. Since our last survey of symptomatic MS treatment in 2004 and publication of the guidelines of the German Neurological Society and the Clinical Competence Network Multiple Sclerosis (Klinisches Kompetenznetz Multiple Sklerose, KKNMS) in 2014, several developments within the topics of mobility, bladder and sexual function, vision, fatigue, cognition and rehabilitation have taken place...
October 27, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079865/-what-is-new-in-symptomatic-ms-treatment-part%C3%A2-3-bladder-dysfunction
#11
REVIEW
T Henze, W Feneberg, P Flachenecker, D Seidel, H Albrecht, M Starck, S G Meuth
The symptomatic treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) nowadays is of similar importance as immunotherapy within a comprehensive concept of therapy of this chronic disease, since it contributes considerably to the reduction of disabilities in activities of daily living as well as social and occupational life. Moreover, symptomatic treatment is of great importance for amelioration of quality of life. Since our last survey of symptomatic MS treatment in 2004 and publication of the guidelines of the German Neurological Society and the Klinisches Kompetenznetz Multiple Sklerose (KKNMS) in 2014 several developments within the topics of mobility, bladder and sexual function, vision, fatigue, cognition and rehabilitation took place...
October 27, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068038/upper-limb-sensory-impairments-after-stroke-self-reported-experiences-of-daily-life-and-rehabilitation
#12
Håkan Carlsson, Gunvor Gard, Christina Brogårdh
OBJECTIVE: To describe stroke survivors' experiences of sensory impairment in the upper limb, the influence of such impairment on daily life, coping strategies used, and sensory training for the affected hand. DESIGN: A qualitative study with a content analysis approach. SUBJECTS: Fifteen post-stroke patients interviewed individually. RESULTS: Five categories emerged from the data: "Changed and varied perception of the sensation"; "Affected movement control"; "Problems using the hand in daily life"; "Various strategies to cope with upper limb disability"; and "Lack of sensory training"...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065012/preferred-retinal-locus-locations-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#13
Murat Erbezci, Taylan Ozturk
PURPOSE: An evaluation of the preferred retinal locus (PRL) in patients with age-related macular degeneration and a central scotoma is becoming a standard of care in the practice of low-vision rehabilitation. This is a retrospective study of PRL specifications and whether they have a correlation with the best-corrected visual acuities of patients with age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with macular degeneration (144 eyes) were included in the study...
October 23, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064869/vision-and-vestibular-system-dysfunction-predicts-prolonged-concussion-recovery-in-children
#14
Christina L Master, Stephen R Master, Douglas J Wiebe, Eileen P Storey, Julia E Lockyer, Olivia E Podolak, Matthew F Grady
OBJECTIVE: Up to one-third of children with concussion have prolonged symptoms lasting beyond 4 weeks. Vision and vestibular dysfunction is common after concussion. It is unknown whether such dysfunction predicts prolonged recovery. We sought to determine which vision or vestibular problems predict prolonged recovery in children. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort of pediatric patients with concussion. SETTING: A subspecialty pediatric concussion program...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063261/-what-is-new-in-symptomatic-ms-treatment-part%C3%A2-1-introduction-and-methodical-approach-ataxia-and-tremor
#15
REVIEW
T Henze, W Feneberg, P Flachenecker, D Seidel, H Albrecht, M Starck, S G Meuth
The symptomatic treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) nowadays is of similar importance as immunotherapy within a comprehensive concept of therapy of this chronic disease, since it contributes considerably to the reduction of disabilities in activities of daily living as well as social and occupational life. Moreover, symptomatic treatment is of great importance for amelioration of quality of life. Since our last survey of symptomatic MS treatment in 2004 and publication of the guidelines of the German Neurological Society and the Klinisches Kompetenznetz Multiple Sklerose (KKN‑MS) in 2014 several developments within the topics of mobility, bladder and sexual function, vision, fatigue, cognition and rehabilitation took place...
October 23, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063259/-what-is-new-in-symptomatic-ms-treatment-part%C3%A2-2-gait-disorder-and-spasticity
#16
REVIEW
T Henze, W Feneberg, P Flachenecker, D Seidel, H Albrecht, M Starck, S G Meuth
The symptomatic treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) nowadays is of similar importance as immunotherapy within a comprehensive concept of therapy of this chronic disease, since it contributes considerably to the reduction of disabilities in activities of daily living as well as social and occupational life. Moreover, symptomatic treatment is of great importance for amelioration of quality of life. Since our last survey of symptomatic MS treatment in 2004 and publication of the guidelines of the German Neurological Society and the Klinisches Kompetenznetz Multiple Sklerose (KKN‑MS) in 2014 several developments within the topics of mobility, bladder and sexual function, vision, fatigue, cognition and rehabilitation took place...
October 23, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060412/evaluation-of-postural-instability-in-stroke-patient-during-quiet-standing
#17
Wei Wang, Ke Li, Na Wei, Cuiping Yin, Shouwei Yue
This study was designed to investigate the postural instability in stroke survivals during quiet standing. Eleven stroke patients and 11 healthy volunteers (gender- and age-matched) were recruited for this experiment. The center of pressure (COP) signals from both planta in anterior-posterior (AP) and medial-lateral (ML) directions were recorded using a three-dimensional motion capture system (BTS Bioengineering Corp, Italy) when subjects stood on the two adjacent force platforms quietly with their eyes open (EO) for 30 s and with their eyes close (EC) for another 30 s...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053488/causes-of-childhood-vision-impairment-in-the-school-for-the-blind-in-eritrea
#18
Rajendra Gyawali, Vanessa R Moodley
SIGNIFICANCE: Our study provides the much-needed evidence on causes of childhood blindness in Eritrea. This will assist authorities to plan appropriate strategies and implement preventive, curative, and rehabilitative services to address these causes of vision loss in children in this resource-limited country. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify the causes of severe vision impairment and blindness in children attending the only school for the blind in Eritrea. METHODS: All children enrolled in the school were examined, and the World Health Organization form for the examination of visually impaired children was used to record the data...
October 19, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049634/internet-based-self-help-for-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-details-and-outcome-of-a-single-group-open-trial
#19
Ilmari Pyykko, Vinaya Manchaiah, Erna Kentala, Hilla Levo, Martti Juhola
Purpose: In this article, we present the details and the pilot outcome of an Internet-based self-help program for Ménière's disease (MD). Method: The Norton-Kaplan model is applied to construct a strategic, person-focused approach in the enablement process. The program assesses the disorder profile and diagnosis. In the therapeutic component of the program, the participant defines vision and time frame, inspects confounding factors, determines goals, establishes a strategy, and starts to work on the important problems caused by the disorder...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049463/prevalence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-australia-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#20
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
Importance: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of irreversible blindness among the elderly population globally. Currently, knowledge of the epidemiology of AMD in Australia remains scarce because of a paucity of recent population-based data. Objective: To examine the prevalence of AMD in Australia. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this population-based, cross-sectional survey performed from March 11, 2015, to April 18, 2016, a sample of 3098 nonindigenous Australians 50 years and older and 1738 indigenous Australians 40 years and older from 30 geographic areas across Australia were examined...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
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