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Vision rehabilitation

Gregory Fant, Lisa Backus
Introduction: It is important to monitor the use of optometric services by Veterans and consider the implications for other optometric and vision rehabilitation services. We did not find public health reports documenting the recent utilization of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) optometric eye exam services. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used in this secondary data analysis report. We were interested in reporting on the number of Veterans using the VHA system with at least one VHA optometric eye exam service in 2014, 2015, or 2016 within a VHA optometry clinic...
March 13, 2018: Military Medicine
M Austin Coker, Carrie E Huisingh, Gerald McGwin, Russell W Read, Mark W Swanson, Laura E Dreer, Dawn K DeCarlo, Lindsay Gregg, Cynthia Owsley
Importance: The prevalence of irreversible vision impairment in the United States is expected to increase by 2050. Vision rehabilitation is the primary treatment option. Clinical trials have established its efficacy in improving quality of life. Yet studies indicate that patients experience many barriers to accessing low-vision care. Objectives: To examine the rate of referral for low-vision rehabilitation services by resident and attending ophthalmologists for adults with irreversible vision impairment and to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of patients about vision rehabilitation...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
Christine Larsen, Mads Lange, Kim Jørgensen, Kristen Kistrup, Lone Petersen
In 2010, the Regional Council of the Capital Region of Denmark endorsed a vision of mental health services based on personal recovery, rehabilitation, and the involvement of caregivers. Programs to achieve this vision include hiring peer support workers, a Recovery College, and service user participation at the organizational level. This column describes a cornerstone of these initiatives-an education program in the recovery model for mental health professionals. In 2013-2014, the Capital Region implemented 148 workshops on recovery-oriented services for all practitioner staff in mental health services in the region...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
B González-García, S García-Isidoro, J Contreras-Alcántara, J A Martínez-Gil, M A Díaz Y Orea, V O Castellanos-Sánchez
The most frequent diabetes-related complications are diabetic foot and glaucoma, which lead to amputation and loss of vision, respectively. Current scientific and technologic developments have permitted the design and implementation of prosthetic systems that are optimal for these patients, as the latter adapt themselves to them and can resume activities of daily living. The lack of economic resources compromises the quality of the prostheses patients can afford, as they resort to «artisanal» or «rustic» systems that hamper their adaptation process...
September 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Fiona J Rowe, Kerry Hanna, Jennifer R Evans, Carmel P Noonan, Marta Garcia-Finana, Caroline S Dodridge, Claire Howard, Kathryn A Jarvis, Sonia L MacDiarmid, Tallat Maan, Lorraine North, Helen Rodgers
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury can cause eye movement disorders which may include: strabismus, gaze deficits and nystagmus, causing visual symptoms of double, blurred or 'juddery' vision and reading difficulties. A wide range of interventions exist that have potential to alleviate or ameliorate these symptoms. There is a need to evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions and the timing of their implementation. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the effectiveness of any intervention and determine the effect of timing of intervention in the treatment of strabismus, gaze deficits and nystagmus due to acquired brain injury...
March 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Klaus Rüther
Hereditary optic nerve disorders are rare. For ophthalmologists, Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) and autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) are of particular relevance. LHON and ADOA are diseases of the retinal ganglion cells and are caused by mitchochondrial dysfunction. LHON is based on mutations of the mitochondrial, ADOA of the nuclear DNA. LHON is a disease that usually leads to severe visual impairment (visual acuity < 0.1). Since there is an approved therapy for LHON (Idebenone [Raxone]), the diagnosis has to be confirmed immediately by means of molecular genetic diagnostics...
February 28, 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
(no author information available yet)
Gottlieb, L. N. & Gottlieb, B. (2017). Strengths-Based Nursing: A Process for Implementing a Philosophy Into Practice. Journal of Family Nursing, 23, 319-340. Doi: 10.1177/1074840717717731 The authors have identified changes to certain sentences, which they believe are important for their article. These edits are outlined below. Page 328, 8th line from bottom Incorrect sentence: To illustrate, a point-of-care nurse, Jenette Schoon, who works in a long-term children's rehabilitation hospital had been unhappy with the way family discharge planning meetings has been conducted...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Family Nursing
Richard A Armstrong
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its associated concussion are major causes of disability and death. All ages can be affected but children, young adults and the elderly are particularly susceptible. A decline in mortality has resulted in many more individuals living with a disability caused by TBI including those affecting vision. This review describes: (1) the major clinical and pathological features of TBI; (2) the visual signs and symptoms associated with the disorder; and (3) discusses the assessment of quality of life and visual rehabilitation of the patient...
February 28, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Rune Skovgaard Rasmussen, Anne Marie Heltoft Schaarup, Karsten Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Serious and often lasting vision impairments affect 30% to 35% of people following stroke. Vision may be considered the most important sense in humans, and even smaller permanent injuries can drastically reduce quality of life. Restoration of visual field impairments occur only to a small extent during the first month after brain damage, and therefore the time window for spontaneous improvements is limited. One month after brain injury causing visual impairment, patients usually will experience chronically impaired vision and the need for compensatory vision rehabilitation is substantial...
February 27, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Micaela Gobeille, Alexis Malkin, Richard Jamara, Nicole C Ross
PURPOSE: This prospective cohort study examined clinical outcomes of low vision rehabilitation (LVR) delivered by a mobile clinic. METHODS: Participants were recruited from those scheduled for mobile clinic LVR and met the United States definition of legal blindness. Participants completed the Massof Activity Inventory (AI) before LVR, 3 months post-LVR, and 1 year post-LVR. Change scores and measures of clinical effect (i.e. Cohen's effect size and minimum clinically important difference, MCID) were calculated for each time point and compared...
March 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
Machelle T Pardue, Rachael S Allen
Diseases that affect the eye, including photoreceptor degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma, affect 11.8 million people in the US, resulting in vision loss and blindness. Loss of sight affects patient quality of life and puts an economic burden both on individuals and the greater healthcare system. Despite the urgent need for treatments, few effective options currently exist in the clinic. Here, we review research on promising neuroprotective strategies that promote neuronal survival with the potential to protect against vision loss and retinal cell death...
February 23, 2018: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
Jyoti Himanshu Matalia, Sushma Tejwani, Vimal Krishna Rajput, Himanshu Matalia
We report a case of anterior megalophthalmos and complicated cataract, with apparently smaller lens in both eyes. The right eye had spontaneous retinal detachment. The child underwent cataract surgery in both the eyes with retinal detachment surgery in the right eye. Due to small size of the lenticular bag, a downsized customized intraocular lens (IOL) was implanted. Postoperatively, the IOL was well centered with ambulatory vision till 3 years of follow-up. This case describes this rare disorder and its association with apparently small-sized lens and discusses the course of its management, highlighting the visual rehabilitation with customization of IOLs...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Ying-Ying Gao, Hong-Juan Wang, You Wu
BACKGROUND: Known causes of superficial punctuate keratopathy (SPK) in children include entropion, viral infection, blepharokeratoconjunctivitis (BKC), and toxicity of eye drops. However, there are some SPK patients whose causes could not be identified well. Herein, we describe the history, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of a rare case. CASE PRESENTATION: To report a case of superficial punctate keratopathy (SPK) which coexisted with floppy eyelid syndrome (FES) and presented as intermittent red eye and blurred vision in an 11-year-old boy who slept in the prone position...
February 23, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Henry Sr Kao, Stewart Pw Lam, Tin Tin Kao
Introduction: This study investigated the efficacy of Chinese calligraphy handwriting (CCH) for the awakening of patients under a vegetative state after stroke. The theories, the instrument, and the treatment protocols were reported. A single case of a severe stroke patient who was in a coma state for 2 years is presented in this study. The objectives were to apply finger writing as a new method to awaken a stroke patient in a coma state and to test the effect of this method in improving the patient's vegetative states over time...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Joris A Elshout, Douwe P Bergsma, Jacqueline Sibbel, Annette Baars-Elsinga, Paula Lubbers, Freekje Van Asten, Johanna Visser-Meily, Albert V Van Den Berg
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the most common cause of homonymous visual field defects (HVFDs). Yet, there is no standard protocol for composing a rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVE: In this study we assess ADL gain of visual training for vision restoration in HVFD patients by means of Goal Attainment Scaling. METHODS: Thirty-five patients trained two predefined regions of the visual field successively at home. In each region we compared the effects of both training rounds, one of which was thus 'directed' and the other 'undirected'...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Camila V Ventura, Liana O Ventura
Vision plays an important role in the development of communication, social interaction, spatial awareness, and the motor skills needed to explore the environment. In the past 2 years, researchers have described the broad spectrum of clinical features that comprise congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). The ocular manifestations are considered 1 important pillar of this new entity. The most characteristic ophthalmic findings include chorioretinal scars and focal pigmentary changes seen in the macular region. Since these findings were first reported, other researchers have validated and extended them, leading to a more complete picture of the spectrum of ocular manifestations related to CZS...
February 2018: Pediatrics
Robert G Devenyi, Joshua Manusow, Beatrice E Patino, Mohamed Mongy, Michelle Markowitz, Samuel N Markowitz
Surgical restoration of vision with retinal prostheses is a new and developing technology currently available in a select group of countries, Canada among them. The Argus II retinal prosthesis is the first commercially available device for restoration of vision in patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa or with similar retinal pathology who still have minimal residual native vision. The surgery is complex and requires training however it is within the abilities of any experienced retina surgeon. Surgical experience builds up with each case and in our patients length of surgery constantly went down...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Michelle Markowitz, Monica Daibert-Nido, Samuel N Markowitz
Reading is the most frequent clinical complaint and the primary goal for patients with macular degeneration seeking vision rehabilitation. The current prevalent methods for reading skills training across the globe are still magnification and basic scotoma awareness training. More recent studies showed that specific eccentric training, comprehension ability training, and specific oculomotor training are all beneficial to reading skills rehabilitation. In clinical practice, ophthalmologists should strive to implement reading skills methods that include assessment of cognitive skills, optimal eyewear, optimal reading material, PRL assessment, training of better oculomotor control, and efficient perceptual training...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Michelle Markowitz, Mark Rankin, Mohamed Mongy, Beatrice E Patino, Joshua Manusow, Robert G Devenyi, Samuel N Markowitz
The Argus II retinal prosthesis is the first commercially available device for restoration of vision in patients with Retinitis Pigmentosa or with similar retinal pathology who still have minimal residual native vision. The technology is able to restore vision with production of artificial visual percepts which usually are given adequate useful interpretation by the visual system in most implanted patients. The technology usually produces visual perception at the level of shape identification or better in some cases enabling in many less dependence on vision substitution devices and skills...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Tracey Smythe, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, G V S Murthy, Christopher Lavy, Sarah Polack
Background: Musculoskeletal impairments (MSI) are the leading contributor to global years lived with disability. Comparable epidemiological data on MSI is lacking, and are needed to inform health and rehabilitative services. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and causes of MSI in Telangana State, India. Method: A population-based survey used probability proportionate to size and compact-segment sampling to select 51 clusters of 80 individuals (all ages)...
February 7, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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