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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053826/sensorineural-organs-dysfunction-and-cognitive-decline-a-review-article
#1
REVIEW
Supakanya Wongrakpanich, Aisawan Petchlorlian, Andrew Rosenzweig
Vision, hearing, olfaction, and cognitive function are essential components of healthy and successful aging. Multiple studies demonstrate relationship between these conditions with cognitive function. The present article focuses on hearing loss, visual impairment, olfactory loss, and dual sensory impairments in relation to cognitive declination and neurodegenerative disorders. Sensorineural organ impairment is a predictive factor for mild cognitive impairment and neurodegenerative disorders in the elderly. We recommend early detection of sensorineural dysfunction by history, physical examination, and screening tests...
December 2016: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048975/head-mounted-display-technology-for-low-vision-rehabilitation-and-vision-enhancement
#2
Joshua R Ehrlich, Lauro V Ojeda, Donna Wicker, Sherry Day, Ashley Howson, Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan, Sayoko E Moroi
PURPOSE: To describe the various types of head-mounted display technology, their optical and human factors considerations, and their potential for use in low vision rehabilitation and vision enhancement. DESIGN: Expert perspective. METHODS: An overview of head-mounted display technology by an interdisciplinary team of experts drawing on key literature in the field. RESULTS: Head-mounted display technologies can be classified based on their display type and optical design...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045563/multivariable-regression-model-of-the-euroqol-5-dimension-questionnaire-in-patients-seeking-outpatient-low-vision-rehabilitation
#3
Alexis G Malkin, Judith E Goldstein, Robert W Massof
PURPOSE: To understand the source of between-person variance in baseline health utilities estimated from EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) responses of a representative sample of the US low vision outpatient population prior to rehabilitation. METHODS: A prospective, observational study of 779 new low vision patients at 28 clinic centers in the US. The EQ-5D, Activity Inventory (AI), Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS), Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) physical functioning component, and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were administered by telephone interview prior to rehabilitation...
January 3, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002785/usage-of-riot-control-agents-and-other-methods-resulting-in-physical-and-psychological-injuries-sustained-during-civil-unrest-in-turkey-in-2013
#4
Umit Unuvar, Deniz Yilmaz, Ilker Ozyildirim, Erenc Y Dokudan, Canan Korkmaz, Senem Doğanoğlu, Levent Kutlu, Sebnem Korur Fincanci
Turkey has experienced a wave of demonstrations in the summer of 2013, called Gezi Park Demonstrations. Between 31 May and 30 August, 297 people who had been subjected to trauma by several methods of demonstration control and Riot Control Agents applied to the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Rehabilitation Centers to receive treatment/rehabilitation and/or documentation. 296 patients except one 5-year-old child were included in the study. Of the 296 patients; 175 were male, 120 were female, and one was a transgender individual...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997671/a-conceptual-model-for-vision-rehabilitation
#5
Pamela S Roberts, John-Ross Rizzo, Kimberly Hreha, Jeffrey Wertheimer, Jennifer Kaldenberg, Dawn Hironaka, Richard Riggs, August Colenbrander
Vision impairments are highly prevalent after acquired brain injury (ABI). Conceptual models that focus on constructing intellectual frameworks greatly facilitate comprehension and implementation of practice guidelines in an interprofessional setting. The purpose of this article is to provide a review of the vision literature in ABI, describe a conceptual model for vision rehabilitation, explain its potential clinical inferences, and discuss its translation into rehabilitation across multiple practice settings and disciplines...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994393/the-evaluation-of-reading-performance-with-minnesota-low-vision-reading-charts-in-patients-with-age-related-macular-degeneration
#6
Deniz Altinbay, Fatih Mehmet Adibelli, Ibrahim Taskin, Adil Tekin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the reading performance using the Minnesota low vision reading (MNREAD) charts, of patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) who use low vision aid (LVA) devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 27 patients with AMD. Distance visual acuity (VA) was evaluated with a distance chart designed for patients with low vision. Near vision and reading performance were evaluated with the Turkish version of the MNREAD charts...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986091/from-early-detection-to-rehabilitation-in-the-community-reading-beyond-the-blog-testimonies-of-survivors-quality-of-life-and-prostate-cancer-representation
#7
Margareth Santos Zanchetta, Marguerite Cognet, Mary Rachel Lam-Kin-Teng, Marie Elisabeth Dumitriu, Lise Renaud, Jacques Rhéaume
BACKGROUND: Survivors' testimonies can reveal much about men's experiences of prostate cancer and impacts on their quality of life (QOL) during the clinical trajectory of the disease. These survivors' shared thoughts and views were hypothesized to reflect salient features of their lived social representation of prostate cancer. CONTEXT: We explored the content of testimonies posted by men to a public blog hosted by a French national prostate cancer patients' association...
December 16, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978569/outcomes-of-the-veterans-affairs-low-vision-intervention-trial-ii-lovit-ii-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Joan A Stelmack, X Charlene Tang, Yongliang Wei, Denise Thomas Wilcox, Timothy Morand, Karen Brahm, Scott Sayers, Robert W Massof
Importance: Randomized clinical trials are needed to compare effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different low-vision (LV) programs. Objective: To determine the value of adding LV rehabilitation with a therapist compared with LV services without intervention. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial was conducted from September 27, 2010, to July 31, 2014, of 323 veterans with macular diseases and best-corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVAbetter-eye) of 20/50 to 20/200...
December 15, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978565/demonstrating-the-effectiveness-of-low-vision-rehabilitation-with-outcomes-of-the-veterans-affairs-low-vision-intervention-trial-ii-lovit-ii
#9
Gary S Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975128/-bilateral-eye-injuries-by-external-transversal-force
#10
K Geidel, S Schob, J D Unterlauft, P Wiedemann, P Meier
A 49-year-old female victim of violent crime with an acute bilateral loss of vision was referred to our hospital. The ophthalmological evaluation showed complete subconjunctival hemorrhage of both eyes, bilateral hemophthalmos and hypotonia of the left eye. These raised the suspicion of an occult scleral rupture. We immediately performed exploratory surgery and found a perforating scleral lesion of the left eye and a penetrating scleral lesion of the right eye. Furthermore, a small, cruciform wound was detected on the left temple...
December 14, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974923/uhthoff-s-phenomenon-125-years-later-what-do-we-know-today
#11
REVIEW
J A Opara, W Brola, A A Wylegala, E Wylegala
125 years have passed since Wilhelm Uhthoff reported the symptoms he observed after an increased body temperature from physical exertion. Those symptoms, which might have led to the transient impairment of vision in patients with Multiple Sclerosis and also observed in optic neuritis, were later named after him "Uhthoff's phenomenon". This has defined the strategy of rehabilitation procedures in Multiple Sclerosis for more than 100 years, restricting the use of thermal treatments and the possibility of aerobic exercises...
January 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959827/interaction-detection-in-egocentric-video-towards-a-novel-outcome-measure-for-upper-extremity-function
#12
Jirapat Likitlersuang, Jose Zariffa
In order to develop effective interventions for restoring upper extremity function after cervical spinal cord injury, tools are needed to accurately measure hand function throughout the rehabilitation process. However, there is currently no suitable method to collect information about hand function in the community, when patients are not under direct observation of a clinician. We propose a wearable system that can monitor functional hand use using computer vision techniques applied to egocentric camera videos...
December 7, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931205/assessment-of-near-visual-acuity-in-0-13-year-olds-with-normal-and-low-vision-a-systematic-review
#13
Bianca Huurneman, F Nienke Boonstra
BACKGROUND: The inclusion for rehabilitation of visually impaired children is partly based on the measurement of near vision, but guidelines for near visual acuity assessment are currently lacking. The twofold purpose of this systematic review was to: (i) provide an overview of the impact of the chart design on near visual acuity measured, and (ii) determine the method of choice for near vision assessments in children of different developmental ages. METHODS: A literature search was conducted by using the following electronic databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE...
December 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930780/effect-of-a-home-visit-based-low-vision-rehabilitation-intervention-on-visual-function-outcomes
#14
Alison Binns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930779/effect-of-a-home-visit-based-low-vision-rehabilitation-intervention-on-visual-function-outcomes-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Jennifer H Acton, Bablin Molik, Helen Court, Tom H Margrain
Purpose: To examine the effect of a home visit-based visual rehabilitation intervention on: (1) self-reported visual function and (2) depression, wellbeing, loneliness, adjustment to visual loss, and generic health-related quality of life. Methods: In an exploratory, assessor-masked, individually randomized, single-center controlled trial, 67 participants (age: 75.22 ± 16.21 years) with low vision were allocated either to receive the home visit-based visual rehabilitation intervention (n = 35) or to a waiting list control arm (n = 32)...
December 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923277/reaction-time-for-processing-visual-stimulus-in-a-computer-assisted-rehabilitation-environment
#16
Yerly Sanchez, David Pinzon, Bin Zheng
PURPOSE: To examine the reaction time when human subjects process information presented in the visual channel under both a direct vision and a virtual rehabilitation environment when walking was performed. METHOD: Visual stimulus included eight math problems displayed on the peripheral vision to seven healthy human subjects in a virtual rehabilitation training (computer-assisted rehabilitation environment (CAREN)) and a direct vision environment. Subjects were required to verbally report the results of these math calculations in a short period of time...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922660/combined-vision-and-wearable-sensors-based-system-for-movement-analysis-in-rehabilitation
#17
Sofija Spasojević, Tihomir V Ilić, Slađan Milanović, Veljko Potkonjak, Aleksandar Rodić, José Santos-Victor
BACKGROUND: Traditional rehabilitation sessions are often a slow, tedious, disempowering and non-motivational process, supported by clinical assessment tools, i.e. evaluation scales that are prone to subjective rating and imprecise interpretation of patient's performance. Poor patient motivation and insufficient accuracy are thus critical factors that can be improved by new sensing / processing technologies. OBJECTIVES: We aim to develop a portable and affordable system, suitable for home rehabilitation, which combines vision-based and wearable sensors...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916706/the-influence-of-test-positions-on-clinical-assessment-for-scapular-dyskinesis
#18
Simin Deng, Kang Chen, Yanhong Ma, Juan Chen, Mi Huang
BACKGROUND: Appropriate evaluation of scapular dyskinesis is essential for therapeutic strategies. Although the current visual-based assessment is rapid and practical, the reliability of this method is unsatisfactory. It is necessary to adequately understand the conditions of assessment to maximize the benefit of therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of different test positions on clinical assessment for scapular dyskinesis. DESIGN: Observational study...
December 1, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886894/homonymous-hemianopia-and-vision-restoration-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Alexander Frolov, Jeanne Feuerstein, Prem S Subramanian
Homonymous hemianopia from stroke causes visual disability. Although some patients experience spontaneous improvement, others have limited to no change and may be left with a severe disability. Current rehabilitation strategies are compensatory and cannot restore function. Animal studies suggest that central nervous system plasticity could allow for redirection of lost visual function into undamaged areas of cortex. A commercial therapy system was developed, from which claims of visual field expansion were disputed by independent researchers...
February 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882910/does-nintendo-wii-balance-board-improve-standing-balance-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Guillermo Méndez-Rebolledo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, Alex Soto-Poblete, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Edith Elgueta-Cancino, Eduardo Cofré Lizama
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the effect of systemic exercise programs to improve the standing balance with the Nintendo Wii system is very limited and its post- treatment effectiveness is unknown in cerebral palsy (CP) patients. AIM: Primary aim was to compare the effect of Nintendo Wii balance board (Wii- therapy) and standard physiotherapy (SPT), on the performance of standing balance in children and adolescents with CP. Secondary aim was to determine the post-treatment effectiveness of Wii-therapy and SPT...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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