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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344770/sub-inner-limiting-membrane-hemorrhage-in-a-patient-with-terson-syndrome
#1
M Munteanu, C Rosca, H Stanca
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral Terson Syndrome with sub inner limiting membrane hemorrhage associated with a rare finding: perimacular fold. METHODS: The patient, a 34 years old female with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and bilateral Terson syndrome was admitted to the Ophthalmology department, complaining of blurred vision. Core vitrectomy, hyaloid detachment, peeling of the ILM and aspiration of the sub inner limiting membrane hemorrhage was performed...
January 17, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344068/clinical-versus-evidence-based-rehabilitation-options-for-post-stroke-visual-impairment
#2
REVIEW
K L Hanna, F J Rowe
The aim of this study was to identify which treatments for post-stroke visual impairment have a supportive evidence base, and which are being used in practice without supportive evidence. A systematic review of the literature reporting on the available treatment options was compared against the visual treatments used in the Vision In Stroke (VIS) study. Treatments were identified for visual field, visual neglect, visual perception and ocular motility disorders. Visual scanning therapies for hemianopia and neglect have an established evidence base...
December 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343889/first-two-bilateral-hand-transplantations-in-india-part-1-from-vision-to-reality
#3
Subramania Iyer, Mohit Sharma, P Kishore, Jimmy Mathew, Sundeep Vijayaraghavan, Janarthanan Ramu, Abhijeet Wakure, Raghuveer Reddy, S M Mali Chetan, Visakh Varma, Ashish Chaudhari, Swapnil Dhake, Akshay Omkumar, V G Prasad
Introduction: Vascularized composite tissue allotransplantation is a relatively new concept, which was unavailable in the Indian subcontinent till a bilateral hand transplant was carried out successfully in January 2015. Materials and Methods: The setting up of the transplant programme involved obtaining legal clearances, creating public awareness, harnessing the institutional facilities, drawing up protocols, assembling the surgical team, managing immunological issues, rehabilitation and preparing the ancillary services...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334853/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-use-in-pediatric-neurologic-disorders-at-a-tertiary-care-center-a-10-year-review
#4
Sonika Agarwal, Jake R Keller, Chloe E Nunneley, Eyal Muscal, Michael C Braun, Poyyapakkam Srivaths, Timothy E Lotze
Pediatric neurologic conditions requiring therapeutic plasma exchange are rare in children and literature is sparse. The study aims to determine the outcomes, safety, and feasibility of therapeutic plasma exchange treatment in pediatric neurologic disorders. This retrospective analysis looked at the outcomes and safety of therapeutic plasma exchange in children (n = 50) with neurologic conditions. Patient age ranged <1 to 19 years old with a mean of 10.35 years. Of the 50 children treated with plasmapheresis, 26 patients received inpatient rehabilitation...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322255/-electronic-vision-aids-new-options-for-rehabilitation-of-the-visually-impaired
#5
REVIEW
N Celik, K Rohrschneider
Due to technical advances, there has been an enormous improvement of electronic vision aids in recent years. New developments are especially small portable devices which can be easily carried. The majority of electronic vision aids serve as a reading aid. Electronic magnifiers are a portable alternative to conventional screen readers. In addition, there are mobile reading devices and special computer tools. Color recognition devices and barcode scanners are helpful in everyday life. Ultrasonic orientation systems enable the recognition of obstacles also at head height...
January 10, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318381/-evaluation-of-the-medical-treatment-situation-of-the-visually-impaired-significant-differences-between-young-and-old
#6
M Oeverhaus, H Hirche, J Esser, A Eckstein, B Schaperdoth-Gerlings
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with irreversible visual impairment need individual visual rehabilitation to regain or improve reading ability and mobility. To analyze the prescription of low vision aids (LVA) and their relation to age, we performed a retrospective chart analysis of our specialized low vision outpatient clinic. METHODS: Patient charts of all patients who attended our low vision outpatient clinic from 2014-2016 were analyzed with respect to the diagnosis, visual acuity, magnification needs, age and prescribed or used LVA...
January 9, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311565/spontaneous-and-training-induced-cortical-plasticity-in-md-patients-hints-from-lateral-masking
#7
Marcello Maniglia, Vincent Soler, Benoit Cottereau, Yves Trotter
Macular degeneration (MD) affects central vision and represents the leading cause of visual diseases in elderly population worldwide. As a consequence of central vision loss, MD patients develop a preferred retinal locus (PRL), an eccentric fixation point that replaces the fovea. Here, our aim was to determine whether and to what extent spontaneous plasticity takes place in the cortical regions formerly responding to central vision and whether a visual training based on perceptual learning (PL) can boost this plasticity within the PRL area...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299642/three-dimensional-binocular-eye-hand-coordination-in-normal-vision-and-with-simulated-visual-impairment
#8
Guido Maiello, MiYoung Kwon, Peter J Bex
Sensorimotor coupling in healthy humans is demonstrated by the higher accuracy of visually tracking intrinsically-rather than extrinsically-generated hand movements in the fronto-parallel plane. It is unknown whether this coupling also facilitates vergence eye movements for tracking objects in depth, or can overcome symmetric or asymmetric binocular visual impairments. Human observers were therefore asked to track with their gaze a target moving horizontally or in depth. The movement of the target was either directly controlled by the observer's hand or followed hand movements executed by the observer in a previous trial...
January 3, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273866/-closed-circuit-television-systems-current-importance-and-tips-on-adaptation-and-prescription
#9
REVIEW
K Rohrschneider, Y Bayer, B Brill
Closed-circuit television systems (CCTVs) have become an indispensable tool in rehabilitating low vision patients. Compared to optical visual aids, apart from providing maximum magnification these devices have the additional advantage of improved contrast sensitivity and an enlarged field of view. They are often the only visual aid enabling patients to regain reading ability. Our data reflect a decrease in the number of prescriptions caused by improved counseling of low-vision patients. Any prescription of reading aids must be preceded by comprehensive testing and counseling...
December 22, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248983/are-covert-saccade-functionally-relevant-in-vestibular-hypofunction
#10
R Hermann, D Pelisson, O Dumas, Ch Urquizar, E Truy, C Tilikete
The vestibulo-ocular reflex maintains gaze stabilization during angular or linear head accelerations, allowing adequate dynamic visual acuity. In case of bilateral vestibular hypofunction, patients use saccades to compensate for the reduced vestibulo-ocular reflex function, with covert saccades occurring even during the head displacement. In this study, we questioned whether covert saccades help maintain dynamic visual acuity, and evaluated which characteristic of these saccades are the most relevant to improve visual function...
December 16, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217454/patient-related-barriers-to-rigid-gas-permeable-rgp-lens-wear-among-keratoconus-patients-in-jordan
#11
May M Bakkar, Mera F Haddad, Mohammad Al Qadire
PURPOSE: To assess potential patient-related barriers to rigid gas permeable (RGP) lens wear for vision rehabilitation in a sample of keratoconus (KC) patients in Jordan. METHODS: Barriers for RGP contact lens wear among KC patients were discussed and specified by a focus group which consisted of five optometrists who are involved in contact lens practice. The focus group addressed potential barriers for RGP lens wear from the patient's perspective. The identified barriers were then used to design the final questionnaire used in the study...
December 4, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208813/decision-making-and-management-of-uveitic-cataract
#12
REVIEW
Nicole Shu-Wen Chan, Seng-Ei Ti, Soon-Phaik Chee
The visual outcome of uveitic cataract surgery depends on the underlying uveitic diagnosis, the presence of vision-limiting pathology and perioperative optimization of disease control. A comprehensive preoperative ophthalmic assessment for the presence of concomitant ocular pathology, with particular emphasis on macula and optic nerve involvement, is essential to determine which patients will benefit from improved vision after cataract surgery. Meticulous examination in conjunction with adjunct investigations can help in preoperative surgical planning and in determining the need for combined or staged procedures...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191230/implementation-fidelity-trajectories-of-a-health-promotion-program-in-multidisciplinary-settings-managing-tensions-in-rehabilitation-care
#13
Femke Hoekstra, Marjolein A G van Offenbeek, Rienk Dekker, Florentina J Hettinga, Trynke Hoekstra, Lucas H V van der Woude, Cees P van der Schans
BACKGROUND: Although the importance of evaluating implementation fidelity is acknowledged, little is known about heterogeneity in fidelity over time. This study aims to generate insight into the heterogeneity in implementation fidelity trajectories of a health promotion program in multidisciplinary settings and the relationship with changes in patients' health behavior. METHODS: This study used longitudinal data from the nationwide implementation of an evidence-informed physical activity promotion program in Dutch rehabilitation care...
December 1, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179740/childhood-disability-in-malawi-a-population-based-assessment-using-the-key-informant-method
#14
Myroslava Tataryn, Sarah Polack, Linda Chokotho, Wakisa Mulwafu, Petros Kayange, Lena Morgon Banks, Christiane Noe, Chris Lavy, Hannah Kuper
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data on childhood disability are lacking in Low and Middle Income countries (LMICs) such as Malawi, hampering effective service planning and advocacy. The Key Informant Method (KIM) is an innovative, cost-effective method for generating population data on the prevalence and causes of impairment in children. The aim of this study was to use the Key Informant Method to estimate the prevalence of moderate/severe, hearing, vision and physical impairments, intellectual impairments and epilepsy in children in two districts in Malawi and to estimate the associated need for rehabilitation and other services...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171414/non-invasive-electrical-brain-stimulation-from-acute-to-late-stage-treatment-of-central-nervous-system-damage
#15
REVIEW
Petra Henrich-Noack, Elena G Sergeeva, Bernhard A Sabel
Non-invasive brain current stimulation (NIBS) is a promising and versatile tool for inducing neuroplasticity, protection and functional rehabilitation of damaged neuronal systems. It is technically simple, requires no surgery, and has significant beneficial effects. However, there are various technical approaches for NIBS which influence neuronal networks in significantly different ways. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), alternating current stimulation (ACS) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) all have been applied to modulate brain activity in animal experiments under normal and pathological conditions...
October 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166895/retrospective-data-on-causes-of-childhood-vision-impairment-in-eritrea
#16
Rajendra Gyawali, Bharat Kumar Bhayal, Rabindra Adhikary, Arjun Shrestha, Rabindra Prasad Sah
BACKGROUND: Proper information on causes of childhood vision loss is essential in developing appropriate strategies and programs to address such causes. This study aimed at identifying the causes of vision loss in children attending the national referral eye hospital with the only pediatric ophthalmology service in Eritrea. METHODS: A retrospective data review was conducted for all the children (< 16 years of age) who attended Berhan Aiyni National Referral Eye Hospital in five years period from January 2011 to December 2015...
November 22, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163077/revisiting-vision-rehabilitation
#17
REVIEW
Claire Meyniel, Bahram Bodaghi, Pierre-Yves Robert
Low vision is a condition caused by eye or brain disease, in which visual acuity is 20/70 (3/10 or 6/18) or poorer in the better-seeing eye and cannot be corrected or improved with regular eyeglasses. It impacts personal ability to perform vision-dependent tasks as activities of daily living, walking, reading or using a computer. Rehabilitation is a multidisciplinary training dedicated to improve patients' functional abilities and quality of life. It has to be personalized to every individual situation, whatever the underlying pathology...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161391/an-overview-of-space-medicine
#18
P D Hodkinson, R A Anderton, B N Posselt, K J Fong
Space medicine is fundamental to the human exploration of space. It supports survival, function and performance in this challenging and potentially lethal environment. It is international, intercultural and interdisciplinary, operating at the boundaries of exploration, science, technology and medicine. Space medicine is also the latest UK specialty to be recognized by the Royal College of Physicians in the UK and the General Medical Council. This review introduces the field of space medicine and describes the different types of spaceflight, environmental challenges, associated medical and physiological effects, and operational medical considerations...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152685/cerebral-palsy-an-overview
#19
REVIEW
Sheffali Gulati, Vishal Sondhi
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by abnormalities of muscle tone, movement and motor skills, and is attributed to injury to the developing brain. The clinical features of this entity evolve over time and the specific CP syndrome may be recognizable only after 3-5 y of age; although suggestive signs and symptoms may be present at an earlier age. The management involves neurological rehabilitation (addressing muscle tonal abnormalities, and devising physical and occupational therapies) and diagnosis and management of co-morbidities (including epilepsy, impairment of cognition, vision, hearing, and disturbances of growth and gastrointestinal function)...
November 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146648/economic-evaluation-of-an-e-mental-health-intervention-for-patients-with-retinal-exudative-diseases-who-receive-intraocular-anti-vegf-injections-e-pseye-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Hilde P A van der Aa, Ger H M B van Rens, Frank D Verbraak, Machteld Bosscha, Marc A Koopmanschap, Hannie C Comijs, Pim Cuijpers, Ruth M A van Nispen
INTRODUCTION: Because of the great potential of vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors (anti-VEGF) for retinal exudative diseases, an increased number of patients receives this treatment. However, during this treatment, patients are subjected to frequent invasive intravitreal injections, and the effects on reversing the process of vision loss are uncertain, which may have negative consequences for patients' mental health. One in three patients experience at least mild symptoms of depression/anxiety...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
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