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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211643/postural-analysis-in-a-pediatric-cohort-of-patients-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#1
Claudio Lisi, Serena Monteleone, Carmine Tinelli, Berardo Rinaldi, Giuseppe Di Natali, Salvatore Savasta
BACKGROUND: The Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a rare disorder affecting the connective tissue. EDS patients may suffer of proprioception and balance impairment but all the studies dealing with such symptoms have been addressed to adult subjects. The Study of such impairment in younger patients may lead to a better awareness of own motor abilities and to a focused rehabilitative intervention. Therefore, our work aims to assess the occurrence of these alterations in a pediatric cohort of EDS patients...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192092/peripheral-oculomotor-training-in-individuals-with-healthy-visual-systems-effects-of-training-and-training-transfer
#2
Dylan Rose, Peter Bex
Individuals with pathological or simulated central visual field loss can be trained to use a preferred retinal locus (PRL) as a substitute for their non-functioning fovea. The functional benefits of a stable PRL are well documented, but little is known about oculomotor adaptations during PRL acquisition or transfer of training to another location in response to real or simulated disease progression. In this study, eight normally-sighted observers were trained to use a pseudo-PRL (pPRL) at one of two locations by guiding an eccentrically placed, gaze-contingent ring over a fixation target...
February 9, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141748/risk-for-low-visual-acuity-after-1-and-2-years-of-treatment-with-ranibizumab-or-bevacizumab-for-patients-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#3
Inger Westborg, Susanne Albrecht, Aldana Rosso
PURPOSE: To investigate how patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration treated with ranibizumab or bevacizumab respond to treatment in daily clinical practice. METHODS: Data from the Swedish Macula Register on the treatment received by 3,912 patients during 2011 to 2014 is reported. Patients' characteristics at the first visit, visual acuity, number of injections, and reason for terminating the treatment if applicable are discussed. Furthermore, the risk of having poor vision (visual acuity under 60 Early Treatment Diabetes Retinopathy Study letters or approximately 20/60 Snellen) is calculated for the treated eye after 1 year and 2 years...
January 30, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138125/face-transplant-in-an-advanced-neurofibromatosis-type-1-patient
#4
Łukasz Krakowczyk, Adam Maciejewski, Cezary Szymczyk, Krzysztof Oleś, Stanisław Półtorak
BACKGROUND The human face is a one-of-a-kind structure with unique morphology, complexity, and function, in which different subunits are not even similar to other parts of the body. Therefore, extended complex deficits of the face are usually difficult to reconstruct, and autologous tissue restoration is generally not able to give a satisfactory aesthetic and functional outcome. The main goal of face allotransplantation is to restore symmetry, contour, and appearance as well as function of the face, especially control of orbicularis oculi and oris muscle physiology...
January 31, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129292/persistent-epithelial-defects-and-corneal-opacity-after-collagen-cross-linking-with-substitution-of-dextran-t-500-with-dextran-sulfate-in-compounded-topical-riboflavin
#5
Roland Höllhumer, Stephanie Watson, Peter Beckingsale
PURPOSE: Collagen cross-linking (CXL) is a commonly performed procedure to prevent the progression of keratoconus. Riboflavin is an essential part of the procedure, which facilitates both the cross-linking process and protection of intraocular structures. Dextran can be added to riboflavin to create an isotonic solution. This case report highlights the importance of compounding riboflavin with the correct dextran solution. METHODS: A retrospective case series. RESULTS: Six eyes of 4 male patients with keratoconus aged from 20 to 38 years underwent CXL with substitution of 20% dextran (T-500) with 20% dextran sulfate in a compounded riboflavin 0...
March 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114045/interaction-detection-in-egocentric-video-towards-a-novel-outcome-measure-for-upper-extremity-function
#6
Jirapat Likitlersuang, Jose Zariffa
In order to develop effective interventions for restoring upper extremity function after cervical spinal cord injury, tools are needed to accurately measure hand function throughout the rehabilitation process. However, there is currently no suitable method to collect information about hand function in the community, when patients are not under direct observation of a clinician. We propose a wearable system that can monitor functional hand use using computer vision techniques applied to egocentric camera videos...
December 7, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113699/elastic-functional-coding-of-riemannian-trajectories
#7
Rushil Anirudh, Pavan Turaga, Jingyong Su, Anuj Srivastava
Visual observations of dynamic phenomena, such as human actions, are often represented as sequences of smoothly-varying features . In cases where the feature spaces can be structured as Riemannian manifolds, the corresponding representations become trajectories on manifolds. Analysis of these trajectories is challenging due to non-linearity of underlying spaces and high-dimensionality of trajectories. In vision problems, given the nature of physical systems involved, these phenomena are better characterized on a low-dimensional manifold compared to the space of Riemannian trajectories...
May 6, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100557/dual-sensory-impairment-in-special-schools-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#8
Ada E Aghaji, Richard Bowman, Vincent C Ofoegbu, Andrew Smith
In a cross-sectional study to determine the magnitude of dual sensory impairment (DSI-combined hearing and vision loss) in children in single-disability special education schools, children in schools for the blind and schools for the deaf in four states in South-East Nigeria were examined by an ophthalmologist and otorhinolaryngologist to determine the level of their disability and to identify other disabilities if any. Participants were all students with childhood blindness or childhood deafness. The magnitude and causes of DSI and the burden of undetected DSI were the main outcome measures...
February 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053826/sensorineural-organs-dysfunction-and-cognitive-decline-a-review-article
#9
REVIEW
Supakanya Wongrakpanich, Aisawan Petchlorlian, Andrew Rosenzweig
Vision, hearing, olfaction, and cognitive function are essential components of healthy and successful aging. Multiple studies demonstrate relationship between these conditions with cognitive function. The present article focuses on hearing loss, visual impairment, olfactory loss, and dual sensory impairments in relation to cognitive declination and neurodegenerative disorders. Sensorineural organ impairment is a predictive factor for mild cognitive impairment and neurodegenerative disorders in the elderly. We recommend early detection of sensorineural dysfunction by history, physical examination, and screening tests...
December 2016: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048975/head-mounted-display-technology-for-low-vision-rehabilitation-and-vision-enhancement
#10
Joshua R Ehrlich, Lauro V Ojeda, Donna Wicker, Sherry Day, Ashley Howson, Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan, Sayoko E Moroi
PURPOSE: To describe the various types of head-mounted display technology, their optical and human factors considerations, and their potential for use in low vision rehabilitation and vision enhancement. DESIGN: Expert perspective. METHODS: An overview of head-mounted display technology by an interdisciplinary team of experts drawing on key literature in the field. RESULTS: Head-mounted display technologies can be classified based on their display type and optical design...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045563/multivariable-regression-model-of-the-euroqol-5-dimension-questionnaire-in-patients-seeking-outpatient-low-vision-rehabilitation
#11
Alexis G Malkin, Judith E Goldstein, Robert W Massof
PURPOSE: To understand the source of between-person variance in baseline health utilities estimated from EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) responses of a representative sample of the US low vision outpatient population prior to rehabilitation. METHODS: A prospective, observational study of 779 new low vision patients at 28 clinic centers in the US. The EQ-5D, Activity Inventory (AI), Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS), Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) physical functioning component, and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were administered by telephone interview prior to rehabilitation...
January 3, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002785/usage-of-riot-control-agents-and-other-methods-resulting-in-physical-and-psychological-injuries-sustained-during-civil-unrest-in-turkey-in-2013
#12
Umit Unuvar, Deniz Yilmaz, Ilker Ozyildirim, Erenc Y Dokudan, Canan Korkmaz, Senem Doğanoğlu, Levent Kutlu, Sebnem Korur Fincanci
Turkey has experienced a wave of demonstrations in the summer of 2013, called Gezi Park Demonstrations. Between 31 May and 30 August, 297 people who had been subjected to trauma by several methods of demonstration control and Riot Control Agents applied to the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Rehabilitation Centers to receive treatment/rehabilitation and/or documentation. 296 patients except one 5-year-old child were included in the study. Of the 296 patients; 175 were male, 120 were female, and one was a transgender individual...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997671/a-conceptual-model-for-vision-rehabilitation
#13
Pamela S Roberts, John-Ross Rizzo, Kimberly Hreha, Jeffrey Wertheimer, Jennifer Kaldenberg, Dawn Hironaka, Richard Riggs, August Colenbrander
Vision impairments are highly prevalent after acquired brain injury (ABI). Conceptual models that focus on constructing intellectual frameworks greatly facilitate comprehension and implementation of practice guidelines in an interprofessional setting. The purpose of this article is to provide a review of the vision literature in ABI, describe a conceptual model for vision rehabilitation, explain its potential clinical inferences, and discuss its translation into rehabilitation across multiple practice settings and disciplines...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994393/the-evaluation-of-reading-performance-with-minnesota-low-vision-reading-charts-in-patients-with-age-related-macular-degeneration
#14
Deniz Altinbay, Fatih Mehmet Adibelli, Ibrahim Taskin, Adil Tekin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the reading performance using the Minnesota low vision reading (MNREAD) charts, of patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) who use low vision aid (LVA) devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 27 patients with AMD. Distance visual acuity (VA) was evaluated with a distance chart designed for patients with low vision. Near vision and reading performance were evaluated with the Turkish version of the MNREAD charts...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986091/from-early-detection-to-rehabilitation-in-the-community-reading-beyond-the-blog-testimonies-of-survivors-quality-of-life-and-prostate-cancer-representation
#15
Margareth Santos Zanchetta, Marguerite Cognet, Mary Rachel Lam-Kin-Teng, Marie Elisabeth Dumitriu, Lise Renaud, Jacques Rhéaume
BACKGROUND: Survivors' testimonies can reveal much about men's experiences of prostate cancer and impacts on their quality of life (QOL) during the clinical trajectory of the disease. These survivors' shared thoughts and views were hypothesized to reflect salient features of their lived social representation of prostate cancer. CONTEXT: We explored the content of testimonies posted by men to a public blog hosted by a French national prostate cancer patients' association...
December 16, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978569/outcomes-of-the-veterans-affairs-low-vision-intervention-trial-ii-lovit-ii-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Joan A Stelmack, X Charlene Tang, Yongliang Wei, Denise Thomas Wilcox, Timothy Morand, Karen Brahm, Scott Sayers, Robert W Massof
Importance: Randomized clinical trials are needed to compare effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of different low-vision (LV) programs. Objective: To determine the value of adding LV rehabilitation with a therapist compared with LV services without intervention. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized clinical trial was conducted from September 27, 2010, to July 31, 2014, of 323 veterans with macular diseases and best-corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVAbetter-eye) of 20/50 to 20/200...
December 15, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978565/demonstrating-the-effectiveness-of-low-vision-rehabilitation-with-outcomes-of-the-veterans-affairs-low-vision-intervention-trial-ii-lovit-ii
#17
Gary S Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975128/-bilateral-eye-injuries-by-external-transversal-force
#18
K Geidel, S Schob, J D Unterlauft, P Wiedemann, P Meier
A 49-year-old female victim of violent crime with an acute bilateral loss of vision was referred to our hospital. The ophthalmological evaluation showed complete subconjunctival hemorrhage of both eyes, bilateral hemophthalmos and hypotonia of the left eye. These raised the suspicion of an occult scleral rupture. We immediately performed exploratory surgery and found a perforating scleral lesion of the left eye and a penetrating scleral lesion of the right eye. Furthermore, a small, cruciform wound was detected on the left temple...
December 14, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974923/uhthoff-s-phenomenon-125-years-later-what-do-we-know-today
#19
REVIEW
J A Opara, W Brola, A A Wylegala, E Wylegala
125 years have passed since Wilhelm Uhthoff reported the symptoms he observed after an increased body temperature from physical exertion. Those symptoms, which might have led to the transient impairment of vision in patients with Multiple Sclerosis and also observed in optic neuritis, were later named after him "Uhthoff's phenomenon". This has defined the strategy of rehabilitation procedures in Multiple Sclerosis for more than 100 years, restricting the use of thermal treatments and the possibility of aerobic exercises...
January 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959827/interaction-detection-in-egocentric-video-towards-a-novel-outcome-measure-for-upper-extremity-function
#20
Jirapat Likitlersuang, Jose Zariffa
In order to develop effective interventions for restoring upper extremity function after cervical spinal cord injury, tools are needed to accurately measure hand function throughout the rehabilitation process. However, there is currently no suitable method to collect information about hand function in the community, when patients are not under direct observation of a clinician. We propose a wearable system that can monitor functional hand use using computer vision techniques applied to egocentric camera videos...
December 7, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
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