keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Scheuermann

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035089/intent-to-quit-quit-attempts-and-perceived-health-risk-reduction-among-african-american-latino-and-white-nondaily-and-daily-smokers-in-the-united-states
#1
Taneisha S Scheuermann, Nicole L Nollen, Xianghua Luo, Lisa Sanderson Cox, Jasjit S Ahluwalia
OBJECTIVE: Ethnic and racial differences in smoking patterns and behaviors have been well documented and most African American and Latino smokers are nondaily or light smokers. However, differences within smoking levels are understudied. Our primary aim was to determine whether there are racial and ethnic differences among African American, Latino, and White nondaily, light daily, and moderate to heavy daily smokers on (1) perceived health risk reduction, (2) intentions to quit, and (3) past year quit attempts...
October 16, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020925/vdjpipe-a-pipelined-tool-for-pre-processing-immune-repertoire-sequencing-data
#2
Scott Christley, Mikhail K Levin, Inimary T Toby, John M Fonner, Nancy L Monson, William H Rounds, Florian Rubelt, Walter Scarborough, Richard H Scheuermann, Lindsay G Cowell
BACKGROUND: Pre-processing of high-throughput sequencing data for immune repertoire profiling is essential to insure high quality input for downstream analysis. VDJPipe is a flexible, high-performance tool that can perform multiple pre-processing tasks with just a single pass over the data files. RESULTS: Processing tasks provided by VDJPipe include base composition statistics calculation, read quality statistics calculation, quality filtering, homopolymer filtering, length and nucleotide filtering, paired-read merging, barcode demultiplexing, 5' and 3' PCR primer matching, and duplicate reads collapsing...
October 11, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964216/the-new-versatile-general-purpose-surface-muon-instrument-gps-based-on-silicon-photomultipliers-for-%C3%AE-sr-measurements-on-a-continuous-wave-beam
#3
A Amato, H Luetkens, K Sedlak, A Stoykov, R Scheuermann, M Elender, A Raselli, D Graf
We report on the design and commissioning of a new spectrometer for muon-spin relaxation/rotation studies installed at the Swiss Muon Source (SμS) of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI, Switzerland). This new instrument is essentially a new design and replaces the old general-purpose surface-muon (GPS) instrument that has been for long the workhorse of the μSR user facility at PSI. By making use of muon and positron detectors made of plastic scintillators read out by silicon photomultipliers, a time resolution of the complete instrument of about 160 ps (standard deviation) could be achieved...
September 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944578/impact-of-a-central-scaffold-on-the-binding-affinity-of-fragment-pairs-isolated-from-dna-encoded-self-assembling-chemical-libraries
#4
Martina Bigatti, Alberto Dal Corso, Sara Vanetti, Samuele Cazzamalli, Ulrike Rieder, Jörg Scheuermann, Dario Neri, Filippo Sladojevich
The screening of encoded self-assembling chemical libraries allows the identification of fragment pairs that bind to adjacent pockets on target proteins of interest. For practical applications, it is necessary to link these ligand pairs into discrete organic molecules, devoid of any nucleic acid component. Here we describe the discovery of a synergistic binding pair for acid alpha-1 glycoprotein and a chemical strategy for the identification of optimal linkers, connecting the two fragments. The procedure yielded a set of small organic ligands, the best of which exhibited a dissociation constant of 9...
September 24, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935874/concordant-and-discordant-gene-expression-patterns-in-mouse-strains-identify-best-fit-animal-model-for-human-tuberculosis
#5
Teresa Domaszewska, Lisa Scheuermann, Karin Hahnke, Hans Mollenkopf, Anca Dorhoi, Stefan H E Kaufmann, January Weiner
Immunity in infection, inflammation and malignancy differs markedly in man and mouse. Still, we learn about human immunity in large extent from experimental mouse models. We propose a novel data integration approach which identifies concordant and discordant gene expression patterns of the immune responses in heterologous data sets. We have conducted experiments to compare human and murine transcriptional responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection in whole blood (WB) as well as macrophages and compared them with simulated as well as publicly available data...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888389/scheuermann-s-disease-in-a-juvenile-male-from-the-late-roman-necropolis-of-torrenueva-3rd-4th-century-ce-granada-spain
#6
Joan Viciano, Sandra López-Lázaro, Ángela Pérez-Fernández, Anabel Amores-Ampuero, Ruggero D'Anastasio, José Miguel Jiménez-Triguero
This study details a severe case of Scheuermann's disease (SD) in a well-preserved skeleton of a juvenile male (designated TOR302), dated to 3rd-4th century CE, from the late Roman necropolis of Torrenueva (Granada, Spain). Individual TOR302 shows an evident kyphotic curve in the thoraco-lumbar spine, which is characterised by: (i) vertebral bodies of thoracic vertebra T2, thoracic segment T4-T9, and thoraco-lumbar segment T12-L2 wedged at >5°; (ii) slight anterior extensions of the epiphyseal ring; (iii) Schmorl's nodes on the superior and/or inferior plates; and (iv) a Cobb angle of 75°, derived from thoracic segments T4-T9...
September 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874968/posterior-only-approach-with-pedicle-screws-for-the-correction-of-scheuermann-s-kyphosis
#7
Adem Cobden, Akif Albayrak, Yalkin Camurcu, Hakan Sofu, Temel Tacal, Mehmet Akif Kaygusuz
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study (level of evidence: level 3). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of the posterior-only approach with pedicle screws for the treatment of Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The correction of SK with instrumentation can be performed using posterior-only or combined anterior-posterior procedures. With the use of all-pedicle screw constructs in spine surgery, the posterior-only approach has become a popular option for the definitive treatment of SK...
August 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854499/persian-adaptation-of-quality-of-life-profile-for-spinal-deformities-questionnaire
#8
Fazel Rezaei Motlagh, Mohammad Kamali, Taher Babaee
BACKGROUND: The Quality of Life Profile for Spinal Deformities (QLPSD) is the first specific questionnaire to evaluate health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) in adolescents with spinal deformities. Measuring HRQoL is important because spinal deformities and their management may negatively affect quality of life (QoL), thereby importantly affecting treatment effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of a Persian version of the QLPSD through patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and Scheuermann's kyphosis...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837586/nampt-serum-levels-are-selectively-elevated-in-acute-infectious-disease-and-in-acute-relapse-of-chronic-inflammatory-diseases-in-children
#9
Julia Gesing, Kathrin Scheuermann, Isabel Viola Wagner, Dennis Löffler, Daniela Friebe, Wieland Kiess, Volker Schuster, Antje Körner
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) is an inflammatory adipocytokine shown to interact in immune modulation in chronic inflammatory diseases, acute respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, cancer and obesity in adulthood. It is, however, not clear whether this association reflects a chronic elevation or acute inflammatory response. We analyzed NAMPT concentrations in distinct states of inflammation in 102 children and found consistently significantly increased NAMPT levels in subjects with acute infections...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834608/accuracy-of-self-reported-smoking-abstinence-in-clinical-trials-of-hospital-initiated-smoking-interventions
#10
Taneisha S Scheuermann, Kimber P Richter, Nancy A Rigotti, Sharon E Cummins, Kathleen F Harrington, Scott E Sherman, Shu-Hong Zhu, Hilary A Tindle, Kristopher J Preacher
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of failed biochemical verification of self-reported abstinence among participants enrolled in trials of hospital-initiated smoking cessation interventions. DESIGN: Comparison of characteristics between participants who verified and those who failed to verify self-reported abstinence. SETTINGS: Multi-site randomized clinical trials conducted between 2010 and 2014 in hospitals throughout the United States...
August 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815994/imrt-qa-using-machine-learning-a-multi-institutional-validation
#11
Gilmer Valdes, Maria F Chan, Seng Boh Lim, Ryan Scheuermann, Joseph O Deasy, Timothy D Solberg
PURPOSE: To validate a machine learning approach to Virtual intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) quality assurance (QA) for accurately predicting gamma passing rates using different measurement approaches at different institutions. METHODS: A Virtual IMRT QA framework was previously developed using a machine learning algorithm based on 498 IMRT plans, in which QA measurements were performed using diode-array detectors and a 3%local/3 mm with 10% threshold at Institution 1...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806908/changing-the-default-for-tobacco-cessation-treatment-in-an-inpatient-setting-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Babalola Faseru, Edward F Ellerbeck, Delwyn Catley, Byron J Gajewski, Taneisha S Scheuermann, Theresa I Shireman, Laura M Mussulman, Niaman Nazir, Terry Bush, Kimber P Richter
BACKGROUND: Most health care providers do not treat tobacco dependence routinely. This may in part be due to the treatment "default." Current treatment guidelines recommend that providers (1) ask patients if they are willing to quit and (2) provide cessation-focused medications and counseling only to smokers who state that they are willing to quit. The default is that patients have to "opt in" to receive cessation assistance: providers ask smokers if they are willing to quit, and only offer medications and cessation support to those who say "yes...
August 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798746/automated-analysis-of-flow-cytometry-data-to-reduce-inter-lab-variation-in-the-detection-of-major-histocompatibility-complex-multimer-binding-t-cells
#13
Natasja Wulff Pedersen, P Anoop Chandran, Yu Qian, Jonathan Rebhahn, Nadia Viborg Petersen, Mathilde Dalsgaard Hoff, Scott White, Alexandra J Lee, Rick Stanton, Charlotte Halgreen, Kivin Jakobsen, Tim Mosmann, Cécile Gouttefangeas, Cliburn Chan, Richard H Scheuermann, Sine Reker Hadrup
Manual analysis of flow cytometry data and subjective gate-border decisions taken by individuals continue to be a source of variation in the assessment of antigen-specific T cells when comparing data across laboratories, and also over time in individual labs. Therefore, strategies to provide automated analysis of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) multimer-binding T cells represent an attractive solution to decrease subjectivity and technical variation. The challenge of using an automated analysis approach is that MHC multimer-binding T cell populations are often rare and therefore difficult to detect...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780647/cardiovascular-responses-to-skeletal-muscle-stretching-stretching-the-truth-or-a-new-exercise-paradigm-for-cardiovascular-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Nicholas T Kruse, Barry W Scheuermann
Stretching is commonly prescribed with the intended purpose of increasing range of motion, enhancing muscular coordination, and preventing prolonged immobilization induced by aging or a sedentary lifestyle. Emerging evidence suggests that acute or long-term stretching exercise may modulate a variety of cardiovascular responses. Specifically, at the onset of stretch, the mechanical deformation of the vascular bed coupled with stimulation of group III muscle afferent fibers initiates a cascade of events resulting in both peripheral vasodilation and a heart rate-driven increase in cardiac output, blood pressure, and muscle blood flow...
August 5, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746130/can-mri-predict-flexibility-in-scheuermann-kyphosis-patients
#15
Radek Kaiser, Eyal Behrbalk, Michael Walsh, Petr Waldauf, Ana B Perez Romera, Hossein Mehdian
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, blinded analysis of imaging studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is compare the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to lateral radiograph using bolster in the evaluation of Scheuermann kyphosis (SK) curve flexibility measurement. SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: The flexibility of the thoracic curve [thoracic kyphosis (TK)] in SK is of primary importance in its preoperative planning. Several methods have been described for SK curve flexibility measurement...
August 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694598/successful-brace-treatment-of-scheuermann-s-kyphosis-with-different-angles
#16
Mohammad Reza Etemadifar, Mohammad Hossein Jamalaldini, Rasoul Layeghi
BACKGROUND: Scheuermann's disease is regarded as the most common cause of structural hyperkyphosis within adolescents without any proper treatment. It may lead to progressive deformity and back pain which influences patient's quality of life during adolescence and adulthood. Treatment approach to Scheuermann's kyphosis has not been clearly defined due to its different definitions and obscure natural history. The goal of treatment is not only to prevent progression but also to obtain permanent correction...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674023/fast-and-accurate-hla-typing-from-short-read-next-generation-sequence-data-with-xhla
#17
Chao Xie, Zhen Xuan Yeo, Marie Wong, Jason Piper, Tao Long, Ewen F Kirkness, William H Biggs, Ken Bloom, Stephen Spellman, Cynthia Vierra-Green, Colleen Brady, Richard H Scheuermann, Amalio Telenti, Sally Howard, Suzanne Brewerton, Yaron Turpaz, J Craig Venter
The HLA gene complex on human chromosome 6 is one of the most polymorphic regions in the human genome and contributes in large part to the diversity of the immune system. Accurate typing of HLA genes with short-read sequencing data has historically been difficult due to the sequence similarity between the polymorphic alleles. Here, we introduce an algorithm, xHLA, that iteratively refines the mapping results at the amino acid level to achieve 99-100% four-digit typing accuracy for both class I and II HLA genes, taking only [Formula: see text]3 min to process a 30× whole-genome BAM file on a desktop computer...
July 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660108/distal-fusion-level-selection-in-scheuermann-s-kyphosis-a-comparison-of-lordotic-disc-segment-versus-the-sagittal-stable-vertebrae
#18
Han Jo Kim, Venu Nemani, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Matthew E Cunningham, Justin A Iorio, Kevin O'Neill, Brian J Neuman, Lawrence G Lenke
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 methods of selecting the lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) on the rates of revision surgery for distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) following treatment for Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK). METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who have undergone surgical treatment for SK was performed. Forty-four patients were divided into 2 groups based on intervention: Group 1 (n = 26) included patients who had an LIV distal to or at the sagittal stable vertebrae (SSV), and Group 2 (n = 18) included patients who had an LIV proximal to the SSV...
May 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643098/-importance-of-wound-irrigation-solutions-and-fluids-with-antiseptic-effects-in-therapy-and-prophylaxis-update-2017
#19
REVIEW
Christian Willy, Catharina Scheuermann-Poley, Marcus Stichling, Thomas von Stein, Axel Kramer
INTRODUCTION: Despite the use of modern antibiotics as well as complex perioperative, intraoperative and postoperative prophylactic measures, the rate of surgical site infections (SSI) could not be significantly reduced. The introduction of biocompatible antiseptic drugs with a high microbiocidal effect provided a successful alternative for infection prevention and therapy, particularly in a time of increasing occurrence of multi-drug resistant pathogens. Hence, questions about the risk-benefit ratio of antiseptic wound irrigation solutions, the prophylactic use of wound irrigation solutions for the reduction of SSI and the effect of negative pressure wound therapy combined with instillation (NPWTi) need to be answered...
July 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640085/familial-lumbar-scheuermann-disease-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-china-first-case-report
#20
Yuliang Dai, Yawei Li, Pengzhi Li, Lei Li, Zhiming Tu, Bing Wang
RATIONALE: Given that Scheuermann disease rarely occurs in the lumbar region and that the co-occurrence of Scheuermann disease and idiopathic scoliosis (IS) has not been reported-the etiology of Scheuermann disease and IS is not clear. In this case report, we present familaiar lumbar Scheuermann disease with IS, in a Chinese proband, who was successfully treated with surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 16-year-old boy presented at the Second XiangYa Hospital of Central South University with a chief complaint of kyphotic deformity in the lower back for 4 years and obvious lower back pain...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
14363
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"