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Osteochondrosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687096/surgical-management-of-osteochondrosis-in-foals
#1
REVIEW
Kyla F Ortved
Osteochondrosis is common in young, athletic horses. Some lesions respond to conservative therapy. Surgical management is the mainstay of treatment. Arthroscopic debridement is useful in the femoropatellar joint, tarsocrural joint, fetlock joint, and shoulder joint. Debridement is associated with good outcomes, except in the shoulder joint. Osteochondrosis lesions in the elbow may be difficult to access arthroscopically, thereby transosseous debridement. Surgical management of subchondral cystic lesions of the medial femoral condyle consists of debridement, debridement with grafting, transcondylar screws, and intralesional corticosteroid injection...
August 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684135/to-be-blamed-or-pitied-the-effect-of-illness-on-social-behavior-cytokine-levels-and-feed-intake-in-undocked-boars
#2
C Munsterhjelm, J Nordgreen, F Aae, M Heinonen, K Olstad, T Aasmundstad, A M Janczak, A Valros
Tail biting is detrimental to animal welfare and has negative consequences for producer economy. Poor health is one of the risk factors for tail biting. The first aim of this study was therefore to test for links between health status and behavior related to tail biting at the individual level. The second aim of this study was to test whether variation in cytokines was related to variation in social behavior. These small molecules produced upon immune activation are known to influence behavior both in the direction of withdrawal and increased aggression...
July 3, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630834/van-neck-odelberg-disease-a-rare-case-report
#3
Amit Prakash Chaudhari, Gautam Shah, Sameer Sanjeev Patil, Aashish Babanrao Ghodke, Sagar B Kelkar
INTRODUCTION: Pain in groin without any history of trauma or positive clinical findings of infection or stress fracture in ischiopubic ramus poses challenges in diagnosis of the condition in prepubertal age. "Osteochondrosis of ischiopubic synchondrosis (IPS)" also called as "Van Neck-Odelberg" disease. Left leg dominant patient presented with pain in groin and limping with left leg dominance. Differential diagnosis - such as stress fractures, osteomyelitis, tuberculosis, post-traumatic osteolysis, or any neoplasia - is need be ruled out to arrive at diagnosis...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620929/cartilage-canals-in-the-distal-intermediate-ridge-of-the-tibia-of-fetuses-and-foals-are-surrounded-by-different-types-of-collagen
#4
Ingunn Risnes Hellings, Nils Ivar Dolvik, Stina Ekman, Kristin Olstad
Some epiphyseal growth cartilage canals are surrounded by a ring of hypereosinophilic matrix consisting of collagen type I. Absence of the collagen type I ring may predispose canal vessels to failure and osteochondrosis, which can lead to fragments in joints (osteochondrosis dissecans). It is not known whether the ring develops in response to programming or biomechanical force. The distribution that may reveal the function of the ring has only been described in the distal femur of a limited number of foals...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583914/association-between-col11a1-rs1337185-and-adamts5-rs162509-gene-polymorphisms-and-lumbar-spine-pathologies-in-chinese-han-population-an-observational-study
#5
Hua Jiang, Qinghua Yang, Jie Jiang, Xinli Zhan, Zengming Xiao
OBJECTIVES: A previous study identified a significant association between several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) in Indians. To validate the association between these SNPs and specific lumbar spine pathologies, we performed a case-control study in Chinese Han population. DESIGN: An observational study. SETTING: University Hospital in Nanning, China. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 428 patients with LDD and 400 normal controls...
June 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551287/osteochondritis-dissecans-development
#6
REVIEW
Stacy A Semevolos
This article reviews current knowledge of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) development in horses, including normal cartilage development, early osteochondrosis pathogenesis, and factors that result in healing or advancement to OCD fragments. Discussion includes current theories, detection, and therapeutic options.
May 25, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545772/plasma-vitamin-d-and-osteo-cartilaginous-markers-in-italian-males-affected-by-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-focus-on-seasonal-and-pathological-trend-of-type-ii-collagen-degradation
#7
Marco Brayda-Bruno, Marco Viganò, Sabina Cauci, Jacopo A Vitale, Laura de Girolamo, Paola De Luca, Giovanni Lombardi, Giuseppe Banfi, Alessandra Colombini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate plasma vitamin D and cross-linked C-telopeptides of type I (CTx-I) and type II (CTx-II) collagen concentrations in males with lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration (IVD) compared to healthy controls. Improved knowledge might suggest to optimize the vitamin D status of IVD patients and contribute to clarify mechanisms of cartilage degradation. METHODS: 79 Italian males with lumbar IVD assessed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and 79 age, sex and BMI-matched healthy controls were enrolled...
May 22, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484850/return-to-sporting-activity-after-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-for-freiberg-disease-in-young-athletes
#8
Tetsuro Ishimatsu, Ichiro Yoshimura, Kazuki Kanazawa, Tomonobu Hagio, Takuaki Yamamoto
INTRODUCTION: Freiberg disease is defined as osteochondrosis of the metatarsal head and typically occurs in adolescents with sporting activity. This study aimed to evaluate the sporting activity of young athletes after osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) for Freiberg disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OAT for Freiberg disease was conducted in 12 consecutive patients between August 2008 and November 2014. The present study evaluated 10 of these patients who both undertook sporting activity preoperatively and were teenagers at the time of surgery...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470772/validation-of-the-ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-femoral-trochlea-epiphyseal-cartilage-in-foals-at-osteochondrosis-predilected-sites-with-mri-and-histology
#9
G Martel, C Forget, G Gilbert, H Richard, T Moser, J Olive, S Laverty
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive imaging tools are needed to screen foal femoropatellar joints to detect subclinical osteochondrosis lesions due to focal failure of endochondral ossification to enhance early management to optimise intrinsic healing events. Recently investigations employing 3T susceptibility-weighted MRI (3T SWI MRI) and CT have demonstrated their capacity for early osteochondrosis diagnosis, but these technologies are not practical for field screening. We postulate that ultrasonography is a valuable field tool for the detection of subclinical osteochondrosis lesions...
May 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398504/degenerative-inter-vertebral-disc-disease-osteochondrosis-intervertebralis-in-europe-prevalence-geographic-variation-and-radiological-correlates-in-men-and-women-aged-50-and-over
#10
Gabriele Armbrecht, Dieter Felsenberg, Melanie Ganswindt, Mark Lunt, Stephen K Kaptoge, Klaus Abendroth, Antonio Aroso Dias, Ashok K Bhalla, Jorge Cannata Andia, Jan Dequeker, Richard Eastell, Krzysztof Hoszowski, George Lyritis, Pavol Masaryk, Joyce van Meurs, Tomasz Miazgowski, Ranuccio Nuti, Gyula Poór, Inga Redlund-Johnell, David M Reid, Helmut Schatz, Christopher J Todd, Anthony D Woolf, Fernando Rivadeneira, Muhammad K Javaid, Cyrus Cooper, Alan J Silman, Terence W O'Neill, Jonathan Reeve
Objectives.: To assess the prevalences across Europe of radiological indices of degenerative inter-vertebral disc disease (DDD); and to quantify their associations with, age, sex, physical anthropometry, areal BMD (aBMD) and change in aBMD with time. Methods.: In the population-based European Prospective Osteoporosis Study, 27 age-stratified samples of men and women from across the continent aged 50+ years had standardized lateral radiographs of the lumbar and thoracic spine to evaluate the severity of DDD, using the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) scale...
April 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374730/-the-improvement-of-the-abilities-to-maintain-motor-coordination-and-equilibrium-in-the-students-presenting-with-the-functional-disorders-of-the-musculoskeletal-system-by-introducing-the-elements-of-therapeutic-physical-training-into-the-structure-of-academic
#11
L V Kapilevich, K V Davlet'yarova, N A Ovchinnikova
The problem of deterioration of the health status in the university students at present remains as topical as it was before being a major cause of impaired working capacity, disability and/or poor social adaptation of the large number of graduates. It has been proposed to introduce a class of therapeutic physical training (TPT) into the schedule of physical education for the students. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the formation of the skills needed to maintain motor coordination and equilibrium in the students presenting with the functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system (MSS) including scoliosis by the introduction of the elements of therapeutic physical training into their academic schedules...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281772/response-of-cattle-with-clinical-osteochondrosis-to-mineral-supplementation
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gerjan Van der Veen, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Frederick K Botha, Heinz H Meissner, Lubbe Jacobs, Leon Prozesky
Since 1982, farmers in the North West province and other parts of South Africa have noticed an increase in the incidence of lameness in cattle. Macro- and microscopical lesions of joints resembled osteochondrosis. Pre-trial data indicated that cattle with osteochondrotic lesions recovered almost completely when fed a supplement containing bio-available micro- and macrominerals of high quality. In the present trial, 43 clinically affected cattle of varying ages (1-5 years) and sexes were randomly divided into three groups...
February 24, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252425/-features-of-the-treatment-of-the-spine-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
S Selezneva, O Sinyachenko, А Zabara
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refers to the most common inflammatory joint disease, which can lead to persistent disability and early mortality of patients, and one of the manifestations of RA is a frequent lesion of the spine, which significantly affects the quality of life of these patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate spine lesion in patients with different types of current RA and factors that determine it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Under the supervision of the RA patient 131 was aged 18 to 79 years (mean 45 years) among them was 18% male and 82% female...
January 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129094/osteochondrosis-synovial-fossae-and-articular-indentations-in-the-talus-and-distal-tibia-of-growing-domestic-pigs-and-wild-boars
#14
P E Etterlin, S Ekman, R Strand, K Olstad, C J Ley
Articular osteochondrosis (OC) often develops in typical locations within joints, and the characterization of OC distribution in the pig tarsus is incomplete. Prevalence of OC is high in domestic pigs but is presumed to be low in wild boars. Postmortem and computed tomography (CT) examinations of the talus and distal tibia from 40 domestic pigs and 39 wild boars were evaluated for the locations and frequencies of OC, synovial fossae, and other articular indentations, and frequency distribution maps were made...
May 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100124/compelling-overuse-injury-incidence-in-youth-multisport-athletes
#15
Abdallah Rejeb, Amanda Johnson, Roel Vaeyens, Cosmin Horobeanu, Abdulaziz Farooq, Erik Witvrouw
The present investigation was carried out to examine the incidence and pattern of injuries in adolescent multisport athletes from youth sports academy. Injury data were prospectively collected from 166 athletes during the seasons from 2009 to 2014. A total of 643 injuries were identified, 559 (87.0%) were time-loss injuries. The overall injury incidence was 5.5 (95% confidence interval CI: 5.1-6.0), the incidence of time-loss injuries was 4.8 (95% CI: 4.4-5.2), the incidence of growth conditions was 1.2 (95% CI: 1...
May 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081146/maternal-nutrition-during-pregnancy-affects-testicular-and-bone-development-glucose-metabolism-and-response-to-overnutrition-in-weaned-horses-up-to-two-years
#16
Morgane Robles, Camille Gautier, Luis Mendoza, Pauline Peugnet, Cédric Dubois, Michèle Dahirel, Jean-Philippe Lejeune, Isabelle Caudron, Isabelle Guenon, Sylvaine Camous, Anne Tarrade, Laurence Wimel, Didier Serteyn, Hélène Bouraima-Lelong, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant mares and post-weaning foals are often fed concentrates rich in soluble carbohydrates, together with forage. Recent studies suggest that the use of concentrates is linked to alterations of metabolism and the development of osteochondrosis in foals. The aim of this study was to determine if broodmare diet during gestation affects metabolism, osteoarticular status and growth of yearlings overfed from 20 to 24 months of age and/or sexual maturity in prepubertal colts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009798/vitamin-d-deficiency-the-missing-etiological-factor-in-the-development-of-juvenile-osteochondrosis-dissecans
#17
Gerrit S Maier, Djordje Lazovic, Uwe Maus, Klaus E Roth, Konstantin Horas, Jörn B Seeger
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency can result in rickets and hypocalcemia during infant and childhood growth. There is an increasing interest in the role of vitamin D with regards to childhood bone health. Osteochondrosis dissecans (OD) is a common disease affecting different joints. To date, the exact etiology of OD still remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate a possible association of vitamin D deficiency and juvenile OD. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of the years 2010 to 2015 of all orthopaedic patients with an initial diagnosis of juvenile OD admitted to undergo operative treatment of the OD was performed...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005495/growth-plate-lesions-of-fattening-bulls
#18
M Levi, K E Dittmer, A Gentile, A Beltrame, M Bolcato, M Morgante, E Fiore, C Benazzi
Lameness related to growth plate lesions is an important problem in the beef industry. This article describes the macroscopic and microscopic lesions in the distal metatarsal physis of bulls from an association of farmers in northeastern Italy. The metatarsal bones of 62 bulls (12 with severe lameness and 50 without lameness), average age 16.44 ± 1.72 months, were examined at the abattoir. The animals came from the same geographic area and shared intensive husbandry practices and a diet based on maize starch...
May 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940070/on-the-antiquity-of-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-skeletal-evidence-in-iron-age-italy
#19
V S Manzon, Z Ferrante, M Giganti, E Gualdi-Russo
Legg-Calvé-Perthes is a very rare disease involving childhood osteochondrosis of the femoral head due to interruption of its blood supply. The etiology is unknown. The signs of the pathology are well described in the literature but few paleopathological cases have been reported, mostly dating from Late Antiquity to Early Middle Ages. Here we report on morphometric and radiological analyses of a skeleton from the Etruscan necropolis of Spina (Ferrara, Italy, 6th-3rd century BCE), to our knowledge the most ancient case of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease published thus far...
January 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917442/polymorphisms-in-ten-candidate-genes-are-associated-with-conformational-and-locomotive-traits-in-spanish-purebred-horses
#20
Natalia Sevane, Susana Dunner, Ana Boado, Javier Cañon
The Spanish Purebred horses, also known as Andalusian horses, compete to the highest standards in international dressage events. Gait and conformation could be used as early selection criteria to detect young horses with promising dressage ability. Although the genetic background of equine size variation has been recently uncovered, the genetic basis of horse conformational and locomotive traits is not known, hampered by the complex genetic architecture underlying quantitative traits and the lack of phenotypic data...
August 2017: Journal of Applied Genetics
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