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Osteochondrosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484850/return-to-sporting-activity-after-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-for-freiberg-disease-in-young-athletes
#1
Tetsuro Ishimatsu, Ichiro Yoshimura, Kazuki Kanazawa, Tomonobu Hagio, Takuaki Yamamoto
INTRODUCTION: Freiberg disease is defined as osteochondrosis of the metatarsal head and typically occurs in adolescents with sporting activity. This study aimed to evaluate the sporting activity of young athletes after osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) for Freiberg disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OAT for Freiberg disease was conducted in 12 consecutive patients between August 2008 and November 2014. The present study evaluated 10 of these patients who both undertook sporting activity preoperatively and were teenagers at the time of surgery...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470772/validation-of-the-ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-femoral-trochlea-epiphyseal-cartilage-in-foals-at-osteochondrosis-predilected-sites-with-mri-and-histology
#2
G Martel, C Forget, G Gilbert, H Richard, T Moser, J Olive, S Laverty
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive imaging tools are needed to screen foal femoropatellar joints to detect subclinical osteochondrosis lesions due to focal failure of endochondral ossification to enhance early management to optimise intrinsic healing events. Recently investigations employing 3T susceptibility-weighted MRI (3T SWI MRI) and CT have demonstrated their capacity for early osteochondrosis diagnosis, but these technologies are not practical for field screening. We postulate that ultrasonography is a valuable field tool for the detection of subclinical osteochondrosis lesions...
May 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398504/degenerative-inter-vertebral-disc-disease-osteochondrosis-intervertebralis-in-europe-prevalence-geographic-variation-and-radiological-correlates-in-men-and-women-aged-50-and-over
#3
Gabriele Armbrecht, Dieter Felsenberg, Melanie Ganswindt, Mark Lunt, Stephen K Kaptoge, Klaus Abendroth, Antonio Aroso Dias, Ashok K Bhalla, Jorge Cannata Andia, Jan Dequeker, Richard Eastell, Krzysztof Hoszowski, George Lyritis, Pavol Masaryk, Joyce van Meurs, Tomasz Miazgowski, Ranuccio Nuti, Gyula Poór, Inga Redlund-Johnell, David M Reid, Helmut Schatz, Christopher J Todd, Anthony D Woolf, Fernando Rivadeneira, Muhammad K Javaid, Cyrus Cooper, Alan J Silman, Terence W O'Neill, Jonathan Reeve
Objectives.: To assess the prevalences across Europe of radiological indices of degenerative inter-vertebral disc disease (DDD); and to quantify their associations with, age, sex, physical anthropometry, areal BMD (aBMD) and change in aBMD with time. Methods.: In the population-based European Prospective Osteoporosis Study, 27 age-stratified samples of men and women from across the continent aged 50+ years had standardized lateral radiographs of the lumbar and thoracic spine to evaluate the severity of DDD, using the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) scale...
April 7, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374730/-the-improvement-of-the-abilities-to-maintain-motor-coordination-and-equilibrium-in-the-students-presenting-with-the-functional-disorders-of-the-musculoskeletal-system-by-introducing-the-elements-of-therapeutic-physical-training-into-the-structure-of-academic
#4
L V Kapilevich, K V Davlet'yarova, N A Ovchinnikova
The problem of deterioration of the health status in the university students at present remains as topical as it was before being a major cause of impaired working capacity, disability and/or poor social adaptation of the large number of graduates. It has been proposed to introduce a class of therapeutic physical training (TPT) into the schedule of physical education for the students. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the formation of the skills needed to maintain motor coordination and equilibrium in the students presenting with the functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system (MSS) including scoliosis by the introduction of the elements of therapeutic physical training into their academic schedules...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281772/response-of-cattle-with-clinical-osteochondrosis-to-mineral-supplementation
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gerjan Van der Veen, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Frederick K Botha, Heinz H Meissner, Lubbe Jacobs, Leon Prozesky
Since 1982, farmers in the North West province and other parts of South Africa have noticed an increase in the incidence of lameness in cattle. Macro- and microscopical lesions of joints resembled osteochondrosis. Pre-trial data indicated that cattle with osteochondrotic lesions recovered almost completely when fed a supplement containing bio-available micro- and macrominerals of high quality. In the present trial, 43 clinically affected cattle of varying ages (1-5 years) and sexes were randomly divided into three groups...
February 24, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252425/-features-of-the-treatment-of-the-spine-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
S Selezneva, O Sinyachenko, А Zabara
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refers to the most common inflammatory joint disease, which can lead to persistent disability and early mortality of patients, and one of the manifestations of RA is a frequent lesion of the spine, which significantly affects the quality of life of these patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate spine lesion in patients with different types of current RA and factors that determine it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Under the supervision of the RA patient 131 was aged 18 to 79 years (mean 45 years) among them was 18% male and 82% female...
January 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129094/osteochondrosis-synovial-fossae-and-articular-indentations-in-the-talus-and-distal-tibia-of-growing-domestic-pigs-and-wild-boars
#7
P E Etterlin, S Ekman, R Strand, K Olstad, C J Ley
Articular osteochondrosis (OC) often develops in typical locations within joints, and the characterization of OC distribution in the pig tarsus is incomplete. Prevalence of OC is high in domestic pigs but is presumed to be low in wild boars. Postmortem and computed tomography (CT) examinations of the talus and distal tibia from 40 domestic pigs and 39 wild boars were evaluated for the locations and frequencies of OC, synovial fossae, and other articular indentations, and frequency distribution maps were made...
May 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100124/compelling-overuse-injury-incidence-in-youth-multisport-athletes
#8
Abdallah Rejeb, Amanda Johnson, Roel Vaeyens, Cosmin Horobeanu, Abdulaziz Farooq, Erik Witvrouw
The present investigation was carried out to examine the incidence and pattern of injuries in adolescent multisport athletes from youth sports academy. Injury data were prospectively collected from 166 athletes during the seasons from 2009 to 2014. A total of 643 injuries were identified, 559 (87.0%) were time-loss injuries. The overall injury incidence was 5.5 (95% confidence interval CI: 5.1-6.0), the incidence of time-loss injuries was 4.8 (95% CI: 4.4-5.2), the incidence of growth conditions was 1.2 (95% CI: 1...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081146/maternal-nutrition-during-pregnancy-affects-testicular-and-bone-development-glucose-metabolism-and-response-to-overnutrition-in-weaned-horses-up-to-two-years
#9
Morgane Robles, Camille Gautier, Luis Mendoza, Pauline Peugnet, Cédric Dubois, Michèle Dahirel, Jean-Philippe Lejeune, Isabelle Caudron, Isabelle Guenon, Sylvaine Camous, Anne Tarrade, Laurence Wimel, Didier Serteyn, Hélène Bouraima-Lelong, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant mares and post-weaning foals are often fed concentrates rich in soluble carbohydrates, together with forage. Recent studies suggest that the use of concentrates is linked to alterations of metabolism and the development of osteochondrosis in foals. The aim of this study was to determine if broodmare diet during gestation affects metabolism, osteoarticular status and growth of yearlings overfed from 20 to 24 months of age and/or sexual maturity in prepubertal colts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009798/vitamin-d-deficiency-the-missing-etiological-factor-in-the-development-of-juvenile-osteochondrosis-dissecans
#10
Gerrit S Maier, Djordje Lazovic, Uwe Maus, Klaus E Roth, Konstantin Horas, Jörn B Seeger
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency can result in rickets and hypocalcemia during infant and childhood growth. There is an increasing interest in the role of vitamin D with regards to childhood bone health. Osteochondrosis dissecans (OD) is a common disease affecting different joints. To date, the exact etiology of OD still remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate a possible association of vitamin D deficiency and juvenile OD. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of the years 2010 to 2015 of all orthopaedic patients with an initial diagnosis of juvenile OD admitted to undergo operative treatment of the OD was performed...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005495/growth-plate-lesions-of-fattening-bulls
#11
M Levi, K E Dittmer, A Gentile, A Beltrame, M Bolcato, M Morgante, E Fiore, C Benazzi
Lameness related to growth plate lesions is an important problem in the beef industry. This article describes the macroscopic and microscopic lesions in the distal metatarsal physis of bulls from an association of farmers in northeastern Italy. The metatarsal bones of 62 bulls (12 with severe lameness and 50 without lameness), average age 16.44 ± 1.72 months, were examined at the abattoir. The animals came from the same geographic area and shared intensive husbandry practices and a diet based on maize starch...
May 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940070/on-the-antiquity-of-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-skeletal-evidence-in-iron-age-italy
#12
V S Manzon, Z Ferrante, M Giganti, E Gualdi-Russo
Legg-Calvé-Perthes is a very rare disease involving childhood osteochondrosis of the femoral head due to interruption of its blood supply. The etiology is unknown. The signs of the pathology are well described in the literature but few paleopathological cases have been reported, mostly dating from Late Antiquity to Early Middle Ages. Here we report on morphometric and radiological analyses of a skeleton from the Etruscan necropolis of Spina (Ferrara, Italy, 6th-3rd century BCE), to our knowledge the most ancient case of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease published thus far...
November 28, 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917442/polymorphisms-in-ten-candidate-genes-are-associated-with-conformational-and-locomotive-traits-in-spanish-purebred-horses
#13
Natalia Sevane, Susana Dunner, Ana Boado, Javier Cañon
The Spanish Purebred horses, also known as Andalusian horses, compete to the highest standards in international dressage events. Gait and conformation could be used as early selection criteria to detect young horses with promising dressage ability. Although the genetic background of equine size variation has been recently uncovered, the genetic basis of horse conformational and locomotive traits is not known, hampered by the complex genetic architecture underlying quantitative traits and the lack of phenotypic data...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898885/osteochondrosis-prevalence-and-severity-at-12-and-24-weeks-of-age-in-commercial-pigs-with-and-without-organic-complexed-trace-mineral-supplementation
#14
F Tóth, J L Torrison, L Harper, D Bussieres, M E Wilson, T D Crenshaw, C S Carlson
Maternal and progeny diets supplemented with 2 sources of trace mineral (TM) were evaluated for effects on the size and severity of osteochondrosis (OC) lesions in progeny produced by 64 Landrace × Large White sows. At breeding, sows were randomly assigned to maternal diets (gestation and lactation) consisting 1 of 2 TM treatments. One treatment consisted of inorganic TM (ITM) with ZnO, MnSO, and CuSO at concentrations to provide 150, 50, and 16.5 mg/kg diet of Zn, Mn, and Cu, respectively. The other treatment consisted of the same ITM concentrations plus an additional 50, 20, and 10 mg/kg diet of Zn, Mn, and Cu, respectively, supplied by a blend of AA-complexed TM (CTM) using Availa Sow...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859501/the-development-of-locomotor-kinetics-in-the-foal-and-the-effect-of-osteochondrosis
#15
B M C Gorissen, C F Wolschrijn, F M Serra Bragança, A A J Geerts, W O J L Leenders, W Back, P R van Weeren
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Foals stand and walk immediately after birth, but insight into the subsequent longitudinal development of their gait kinetics in the early juvenile phase and the possible influence of osteochondrosis thereon is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To quantify gait kinetics in foals during the first half year of life, taking into account their osteochondrosis status. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study performed at a single stud farm...
November 12, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821378/prevalence-of-humeral-head-osteochondrosis-in-the-greater-swiss-mountain-dog-and-the-border-collie-in-switzerland
#16
S Ohlerth, S Senn, U Geissbühler, P Kircher, M Flückiger
Osteochondrosis (OC) is common in large-breed dogs. According to the breeding guidelines of the Swiss kennel clubs, the shoulder joints are included in the radiographic screening for joint diseases in the Greater Swiss Mountain dog (GSMD) and the Border Collie (BC) since 1993 and 2003, respectively. The aim of this study was to estimate the overall prevalence of humeral head OC in these 2 breeds in Switzerland based on the data of the Swiss National Dysplasia Committees. All radiographs were re-evaluated to assess single radiographic changes...
November 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734566/femoral-epiphyseal-cartilage-matrix-changes-at-predilection-sites-of-equine-osteochondrosis-quantitative-mri-second-harmonic-microscopy-and-histological-findings
#17
Gabrielle Martel, Charles-André Couture, Guillaume Gilbert, Stéphane Bancelin, Hélène Richard, Thomas Moser, Sabrina Kiss, François Légaré, Sheila Laverty
Osteochondrosis is an ischemic chondronecrosis of epiphyseal growth cartilage that results in focal failure of endochondral ossification and osteochondritis dissecans at specific sites in the epiphyses of humans and animals, including horses. The upstream events leading to the focal ischemia remain unknown. The epiphyseal growth cartilage matrix is composed of proteoglycan and collagen macromolecules and encases its vascular tree in canals. The matrix undergoes major dynamic changes in early life that could weaken it biomechanically and predispose it to focal trauma and vascular failure...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543146/preliminary-report-on-osteochondrosis-in-cattle-in-the-north-western-parts-of-south-africa
#18
Leon Prozesky, Johan Neser, Heinz Meissner, Kenneth Botha, Lubbe Jacobs, Craig Shepstone, Hannes Viljoen, Hinner Köster, Chris De Brouwer, Jan Van Zyl, Gerjan Van der Veen
The north-western part of South Africa, in particular, is well known for mineral imbalances. Aphosphorosis, resulting in rickets and osteomalacia, received a lot of attention at the turn of the nineteenth century (1882-1912). This was followed in 1997 by research on Vryburg hepatosis, another area-specific mineral imbalance-related disease in young calves reared on manganese-rich soil derived from the weathering of dolomitic (carbonate) rock formations. In 1982, a totally new syndrome (osteochondrosis) manifested in, amongst others, areas in South Africa where aphosphorosis was rife...
July 27, 2016: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511310/pathogenesis-of-enterococcal-spondylitis-caused-by-enterococcus-cecorum-in-broiler-chickens
#19
L B Borst, M M Suyemoto, A H Sarsour, M C Harris, M P Martin, J D Strickland, E O Oviedo, H J Barnes
Enterococcal spondylitis (ES) is a disease of commercial broiler chickens, with a worldwide distribution. Symmetrical hind limb paralysis typical of ES results from infection of the free thoracic vertebra (FTV) by pathogenic strains of Enterococcus cecorum . To determine the pathogenesis of ES, birds with natural and experimental ES were studied over time. In natural disease, case birds (n = 150) from an affected farm and control birds (n = 100) from an unaffected farm were evaluated at weeks 1-6. In control birds, intestinal colonization by E...
January 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491151/-the-application-of-antihomotoxic-drug-preparations-in-the-complex-treatment-in-patients-with-neurological-manifestations-of-lumbar-osteochondrosis
#20
A L Nadkevich, L S Babinets
The expediency of application homeosyniatry by preparations of Traumel S and Placenta Compositum after the offered chart in relation to a complex with classic acupuncture and in relation to the group of the generally accepted treatment has been proved in complex treatment patients with reflex syndromes of lumbar osteochondrosis. A similar conclusion was done after the statistically reliable (P < 0.05) dynamics of parameters of endogenous intoxication, liperoxydation and antioxydant systems of the protection (by the level of katalase, superoxyddismutase, SH-groups, ceruloplasmine)...
October 2015: Likars'ka Sprava
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