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Hyperkyphosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287815/preventing-distal-junctional-kyphosis-by-applying-the-stable-sagittal-vertebra-concept-to-selective-thoracic-fusion-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#1
Joshua Yang, Lindsay M Andras, Alexander M Broom, Nicholas R Gonsalves, Kody K Barrett, Andrew G Georgiadis, John M Flynn, Vernon T Tolo, David L Skaggs
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of using the stable sagittal vertebra (SSV) for selecting the lowest instrumented vertebrae (LIV) to prevent distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) in selective thoracic fusions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cho et al. reported that including the SSV in a fusion decreased the rate of DJK in thoracic hyperkyphosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients from two pediatric hospitals with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who underwent selective posterior thoracic fusion with the LIV at L2 or above from 2000 to 2012...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287812/the-true-ponte-osteotomy-by-the-one-who-developed-it
#2
Alberto Ponte, Giuseppe Orlando, Gian Luigi Siccardi
STUDY DESIGN: Technique and applications. OBJECTIVES: To define the anatomy, biomechanics, indications, and surgical technique of the true Ponte osteotomy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The Ponte osteotomy, originally developed for thoracic kyphosis, was the first one to obtain posterior shortening of the thoracic spine, maintaining the anterior column load-sharing capacity. It has become a widely applied technique in various types of spine deformities and a frequent topic of presentations at meetings and in scientific articles...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250494/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-inflammatory-joint-disease
#3
REVIEW
Yeesuk Kim, Hyun-Cheol Oh, Jang Won Park, In-Sung Kim, Jun-Young Kim, Ki-Choul Kim, Dong-Sik Chae, Woo-Lam Jo, Joo-Hyoun Song
Arthritis damages the cartilage within joints, resulting in degenerative changes, including loss of function and joint instability. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the spine and bone-to-tendon attachment area within the sacroiliac joint leading to back pain and progressive spinal stiffness. In the final stages, AS causes hyperkyphosis-a condition closely tied to the human leukocyte antigen-B27 gene. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation of the synovium of multiple joints, leading to joint damage (e...
December 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229059/the-reliability-of-standing-sagittal-measurements-of-spinal-curvature-and-range-of-motion-in-older-women-with-and-without-hyperkyphosis-using-a-skin-surface-device
#4
Tayebeh Roghani, Minoo Khalkhali Zavieh, Abbas Rahimi, Saeed Talebian, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban, Nicole King, Wendy Katzman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the intrarater reliability of a skin-surface instrument (Spinal Mouse, Idiag, Voletswil, Switzerland) in measuring standing sagittal curvature and global mobility of the spine in older women with and without hyperkyphosis. METHODS: Measurements were made in 19 women with hyperkyphosis (thoracic kyphosis angle ≥50°), mean age 67 ± 5 years, and 14 women without hyperkyphosis (thoracic kyphosis angle <50°), mean age 63 ± 6 years...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202732/sex-differences-in-response-to-targeted-kyphosis-specific-exercise-and-posture-training-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Wendy B Katzman, Neeta Parimi, Amy Gladin, Eduard A Poltavskiy, Anne L Schafer, Roger K Long, Bo Fan, Shirley S Wong, Nancy E Lane
BACKGROUND: Hyperkyphosis, an excessive anterior curvature in the thoracic spine, is associated with reduced health status in older adults. Hyperkyphosis is highly prevalent, more common in older women than men. There is no standard intervention to reduce age-related hyperkyphosis. Sex differences in response to a kyphosis-specific exercise intervention are not known. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a targeted kyphosis-specific exercise and postural training program on the primary outcome Cobb angle of kyphosis, and investigated whether the magnitude of change differed between men and women...
December 4, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200656/nonsurgical-correction-of-straight-back-syndrome-thoracic-hypokyphosis-increased-lung-capacity-and-resolution-of-exertional-dyspnea-by-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-mirror-image%C3%A2-traction-a-cbp%C3%A2-case-report
#6
Jeffrey R Mitchell, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the increase in thoracic kyphosis in a patient suffering from exertional dyspnea, reduced lung capacity, and spinal pains related to straight back syndrome (SBS). [Subject and Methods] A 33-year-old male patient was put on a CBP® corrective care program involving mirror image® traction procedures designed to increase the thoracic kyphosis. [Results] This patient had a 10° improvement in thoracic kyphosis in 16-weeks that was maintained 7-months later. There was a simultaneous reduction of pain, resolved exertional dyspnea, and a greater than 2 liter increase in lung capacity...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143126/-spinal-orthoses-in-the-treatment-of-vertebral-fractures-with-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review-article
#7
REVIEW
M Pfeifer, M Gehlen, C Hinz
This literature search concerning the potential role of spinal orthoses for rehabilitation and treatment of atraumatic vertebral fractures between Th4 and L5 with osteoporosis and without any evidence for a secondary cause, provided no evidence for the benefits of traditional rigid thoracolumbar corsets, which only had a poor compliance. In addition, there are indications that these rigid corsets may even worsen the disease condition especially in the long-term. Wearing these corsets can result in further loss of muscle mass and strength followed by loss of bone and bone mass...
November 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109886/radiofrequency-targeted-vertebral-augmentation-case-report-of-a-patient-with-7-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-in-a-variant-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#8
Leonard Westermann, Peer Eysel, Marvin Simons, Kourosh Zarghooni
Introduction: Radiofrequency-targeted vertebral augmentation (RF-TVA) is a recognized treatment for painful compression fractures. RF-TVA in a patient with multiple compression fractures due to type I osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) has not been previously reported. Case Presentation: A 54-year-old patient with type I OI is presented with a segmental thoracic hyperkyphosis and 7 recent vertebral compression fractures. Because of persistent severe thoracolumbar back pain despite conservative therapy, RF-TVA was indicated...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018904/kyphosis-and-incident-falls-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#9
C McDaniels-Davidson, A Davis, D Wing, C Macera, S P Lindsay, J T Schousboe, J F Nichols, D M Kado
Hyperkyphosis commonly affects older persons and is associated with morbidity and mortality. Many have hypothesized that hyperkyphosis increases fall risk. Within this prospective study of older adults, kyphosis was significantly associated with incident falls over 1 year. Measures of hyperkyphosis could enhance falls risk assessments during primary care office visits. INTRODUCTION: To determine the association between four measures of kyphosis and incident and injurious falls in older persons...
October 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973349/single-level-proximal-thoracic-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-for-fixed-hyperkyphotic-deformity-surgical-technique-and-patient-series
#10
Ibrahim Obeid, Bassel G Diebo, Louis Boissiere, Anouar Bourghli, Derek T Cawley, Daniel Larrieu, Vincent Pointillart, Vincent Challier, Jean Marc Vital, Virginie Lafage
BACKGROUND: Thoracic hyperkyphosis can display pathological deterioration, resulting in either hyperlordotic cervical compensation or sagittal malalignment. Various techniques have been described to treat fixed malalignment. Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) is commonly used in the lumbar spine and frequently limited to the distal thoracic spine. This series focuses on the surgical specificities of proximal thoracic PSO, with clinical and radiological outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To report the surgical specificities and assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of proximal thoracic osteotomies for correction of rigid kyphotic deformities...
July 22, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968227/efficacy-of-corrective-exercise-strategy-in-subjects-with-hyperkyphosis
#11
P Senthil, S Sudhakar, R Radhakrishnan, S Jeyakumar
BACKGROUND: Age-related hyperkyphosis causes deleterious effects on health, physical function, and quality of life. Recently, health care providers recognized it as a major health concern. OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of corrective exercise strategy on hyperkyphosis and compare it with that of conventional exercise. METHODS: Subjects were randomly categorized into two groups. Each group comprised 30 subjects. Group A received the corrective exercise strategy, and group B received conventional exercises for 8 weeks of the study duration (15 repetitions of each exercise for three sessions/day for a total duration of 45 min and 4 days/week...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962640/trunk-and-craniofacial-asymmetry-are-not-associated-in-the-general-population-a-cross-sectional-study-of-1029-adolescents
#12
Chiara Arienti, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Sabrina Donzelli, Fabio Zaina, Riccardo Buraschi, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: The literature did not show clearly if a correlation between trunk and facial asymmetry exists. The aim of this study was to verify the association between trunk and facial asymmetries, and trunk and facial sagittal configuration in adolescents. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional screening study. It was carried out in a small town in Northern Italy, from February to April 2014. Healthy children met the inclusion criteria. Exclusion criteria were subjects with physical and cognitive disability, genetic disease, and polymorphism...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914720/effects-of-corrective-exercise-for-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-on-posture-balance-and-well-being-in-older-women-a-double-blind-group-matched-design
#13
Hyun-Jeong Jang, Lynne C Hughes, Duck-Won Oh, Suhn-Yeop Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise for thoracic hyperkyphosis on posture, balance, and well-being in Korean community-dwelling older women. METHODS: Fifty women 65 years of age and older, recruited from 2 senior centers, participated in this study. Participants were assigned to either the experimental group (EG) or the control group (CG) on the basis of convenience of location, and 22 in each were analyzed...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878486/treating-slouchy-hyperkyphosis-posture-with-chiropractic-biophysics-%C3%A2-a-case-report-utilizing-a-multimodal-mirror-image-%C3%A2-rehabilitation-program
#14
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of the non-surgical reduction of 'slouchy' hyperkyphosis posture utilizing the multimodal Chiropractic BioPhysics(®) rehabilitation program emphasizing the mirror image(®) concept. [Subject and Methods] A 27-year-old female presented suffering from neck and back pains, headaches and gait dysfunction. The patient was treated 30 times over a period of 6-months. Treatment consisted of anterior thoracic translation, thoracic extension, and head retraction exercises as well as spinal traction and spinal manipulation...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874982/measurement-of-milwaukee-brace-pad-pressure-in-adolescent-round-back-deformity-treatment
#15
Taher Babaee, Mojtaba Kamyab, Amir Ahmadi, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Mohammad Saleh Ganjavian
STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective study, we measured the pad pressures of the Milwaukee brace in adolescent hyperkyphosis treatment. PURPOSE: We evaluated the skin-brace interface forces exerted by the main pads of the Milwaukee brace. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: A fundamental factor associated with brace effectiveness in spinal deformity is pad force adjustment. However, few studies have evaluated the in-brace force magnitude and its effect on curve correction...
August 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842365/spinal-deformity-changes-in-children-with-long-term-vertical-expandable-prosthetic-titanium-rib-veptr-treatment
#16
Andrea S Gantner, Lena Braunschweig, Konstantinos Tsaknakis, Heiko M Lorenz, Anna K Hell
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In several studies, vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) implants have shown good scoliosis control in children with the longest reported follow-up (f/u) of 3.6 years. For growing rods, recent studies suggest a decreased efficiency of correction starting just after that time. To our knowledge, no long-term results of children with VEPTR treatment are available. PURPOSE: To evaluate spinal deformity in scoliotic children and to investigate correction potential of VEPTR implants at several time points of treatment, particularly after long-term f/u...
August 22, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801963/a-preliminary-study-of-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-sedentary-obese-young-adults-the-relationship-between-bmi-posture-and-postural-balance
#17
J A do Nascimento, C C Silva, H H Dos Santos, J J de Almeida Ferreira, P R de Andrade
The aim of this study was to evaluate the postural control of obese young adults with normal body mass index during different static (bipedic and unipedic support) and dynamic postural conditions (gait velocity and limits of stability) in order to compare the static and dynamic balance of these individuals. A cross-sectional quantitative study was carried out to evaluate static and dynamic balance in 25 sedentary individuals. The sample was divided into two groups, 10 in the normal-weight group (24.70 ± 3...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777683/inclinometric-measurement-of-kyphotic-curvature-description-and-clinimetric-properties
#18
Laurie Devaney, Richard Bohannon, Jon Rizzo, Maryclaire Capetta, Jeremy Vigneault, Katherine Van Deveire
BACKGROUND: Hyperkyphosis is associated with physical impairments, activity limitations, and reduced quality of life. Therefore, a simple, reliable, responsive, and valid clinical measure of dorsal kyphosis would be valuable to clinicians. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel procedure for measuring kyphotic curvature-the inclinometric kyphosis measure (IKM)-and provide an estimation of reliability, responsiveness, and validity. METHODS: During 2 sessions spaced days apart, we used a bubble inclinometer to measure dorsal kyphosis in 68 patients receiving outpatient physical therapy...
August 4, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744061/reversing-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-a-case-report-featuring-mirror-image-%C3%A2-thoracic-extension-rehabilitation
#19
Jason E Miller, Paul A Oakley, Scott B Levin, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of non-surgical reduction of thoracic hyperkyphosis utilizing a multimodal rehabilitation program emphasizing the mirror image(®) concept. [Subject and Methods] A 15-year-old female presented to a rehabilitation office suffering from back and neck pains and headaches. The patient was treated sporadically over a period of 13-months. Treatment consisted of anterior thoracic translation and thoracic extension exercises, spinal traction and spinal manipulation. [Results] After 13-months of treatment the patient displayed a significant reduction in hyperkyphosis and a dramatic correction of her overall posture and spine alignment corresponding to the reduction in back/neck pains, headaches and the simultaneous improvement of various other health issues...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740852/body-posture-postural-stability-and-metabolic-age-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Jacek Wilczyński, Agnieszka Pedrycz, Dariusz Mucha, Tadeusz Ambroży, Dawid Mucha
BACKGROUND: The study aims to analyze the relationship between body posture and composition, as well as postural stability in Parkinson's disease patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 32 people were evaluated. The study was conducted in the Laboratory of Posturology at Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland). Body posture was examined using the optoelectronic body posture Formetric Diers Method III 4D. Postural stability was evaluated using the Biodex Balance System platform...
2017: BioMed Research International
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