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Márcia Aparecida Gonçalves, Bruna Estima Leal, Liseane Gonçalves Lisboa, Michelle Gonçalves de Souza Tavares, Wellington Pereira Yamaguti, Elaine Paulin
OBJECTIVE: To compare diaphragmatic mobility, lung function, and respiratory muscle strength between COPD patients with and without thoracic hyperkyphosis; to determine the relationship of thoracic kyphosis angle with diaphragmatic mobility, lung function, and respiratory muscle strength in COPD patients; and to compare diaphragmatic mobility and thoracic kyphosis between male and female patients with COPD. METHODS: Participants underwent anthropometry, spirometry, thoracic kyphosis measurement, and evaluation of diaphragmatic mobility...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Patcharawan Suwannarat, Pipatana Amatachaya, Thanat Sooknuan, Patiphan Tochaeng, Kanjana Kramkrathok, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Nuttaset Manimmanakorn, Sugalya Amatachaya
C7WD is a practical, valid, and reliable measure that could clearly indicate a risk of hyperkyphosis and vertebral fracture in the elderly. The findings might be particularly of use in regions difficult to access radiology or for the determination of those who need further invasive radiologic examination and therapy. PURPOSE: To investigate psychometric properties of the 7th cervical vertebra wall distance (C7WD) to determine the risk of thoracic hyperkyphosis and spinal fracture, as compared to a standard radiologic Cobb's method...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Taro Shimizu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Matthew A Halanski, Blake Hildahl, Laura A Amundson, Ellen Leiferman, Annette Gendron-Fitzpatrick, Rajeev Chaudhary, Heather M Hartwig-Stokes, Ronald McCabe, Rachel Lenhart, Matthew Chin, Jennifer Birstler, Thomas D Crenshaw
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of perinatal vitamin-D intake on the development and characterization of hyperkyphosis in a porcine model. METHODS: The spines of 16 pigs were assessed at 9, 13, and 17 weeks of age with radiography and at 17 weeks with computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), histology, and bone-density testing. An additional 169 pigs exposed to 1 of 3 maternal dietary vitamin-D levels from conception through the entire lactation period were fed 1 of 4 nursery diets supplying different levels of vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Gina N Woods, Mei-Hua Huang, Peggy M Cawthon, Corinne McDaniels-Davidson, Howard A Fink, Deborah M Kado
OBJECTIVE: Hyperkyphosis, an exaggerated anterior curvature of the thoracic spine, is associated with poor physical function, falls, fractures, and earlier mortality. Low bone mineral density, bone loss, and vertebral fractures are strong risk factors for hyperkyphosis. Menopausal hormone therapy (HT) reverses bone loss, prevents vertebral fractures, and, therefore, we hypothesize, may reduce the risk for developing hyperkyphosis. METHODS: We evaluated the cross-sectional association between Cobb angle of kyphosis from lateral spine radiographs and pattern of self-reported HT use during the prior 15-year period in 1,063 women from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures...
February 16, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
I Swarup, P Derman, E Sheha, J Nguyen, J Blanco, R Widmann
Purpose: Previous studies have suggested an association between increased thoracic kyphosis and neural axis abnormalities in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, the basis for this finding is unclear, and this association has been mainly noted in retrospective studies on a non-consecutive series of patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between thoracic kyphosis and neural axis abnormalities in patients with AIS. Methods: We studied a consecutive series of AIS patients treated with spinal fusion...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Yasser Kentar, Manuela Brunner, Thomas Bruckner, Andreas Hug, Patric Raiss, Felix Zeifang, Markus Loew, Haidara Almansour, Michael Akbar
BACKGROUND: We investigated the impact of poor seated posture on the prevalence of rotator cuff tears (RCTs) among wheelchair-dependent individuals with long-standing paraplegia. METHODS: The study included 319 patients. Lateral radiographs of the spine were collected from a database and analyzed to assess the global spinopelvic alignment (SPA). Magnetic resonance images of both shoulders were obtained to detect the presence of cuff tears. Patients were divided into 2 groups: Group RCT-I included all patients with cuff tears (right, left, or bilateral), whereas group RCT-II consisted exclusively of patients with bilateral cuff tears...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Joseph W Betz, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the clinically significant improvement of straight back syndrome (SBS) in a patient with spinal pain and exertional dyspnea. [Subject and Methods] A 19 year old presented with excessive thoracic hypokyphosis and other postural deviations. A multimodal CBP® mirror image® protocol of corrective exercises, traction procedures and spine/posture adjusting were given over an initial 12-week course of intensive treatment followed by a 2.75 year follow-up with minimal supportive treatment...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
W Thompson, A Cogniet, M Challali, R Saddiki, J Rigal, Jean Charles Le Huec
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate postoperative changes within the cervical alignment following surgical lumbar correction by pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) in patients affected with sagittal global malalignment disease. METHODS: This was a monocentric, radiographic, and prospective study. 79 patients, who underwent sagittal correction by PSO, performed an EOS imaging pre- and postoperatively between January 2008 and December 2013 at the University Hospital of Bordeaux...
February 2, 2018: European Spine Journal
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Abbas Ali Keshtkar
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic hyperkyphosis is one of the most common spinal disorders in older people, creating impairment, postural instability, gait disorders and a reduced quality of life. The use of spinal orthoses and/or postural taping may be feasible conservative interventions, but their efficacy is uncertain. The aim of this review is therefore to investigate the effectiveness of spinal orthoses and taping on the balance and gait of older people with hyperkyphosis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will include randomised controlled trials and clinical trial studies which assess the efficacy of spinal orthoses and taping using the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) outcome measures in older people with hyperkyphosis of the thoracic spine...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Open
Taybeh Roghani, Minoo Khalkhali Zavieh, Abbas Rahimi, Saeed Talebian, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban, Nicole King, Wendy Katzman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the intra-rater reliability and validity of a designed load cell setup for the measurement of back extensor muscle force and endurance. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample included 19 older women with hyperkyphosis, mean age 67.0 ± 5.0 years, and 14 older women without hyperkyphosis, mean age 63.0 ± 6.0 years. METHODS: Maximum back extensor force and endurance were measured in a sitting position with a designed load cell setup...
January 25, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Brice Ilharreborde
INTRODUCTION: In the last decade, spine surgeons have been impacted by the "sagittal plane analysis revolution". Significant correlations have been found in adult spinal deformity (ASD) between sagittal lumbo-pelvic parameters and functional outcomes, but most of them do not apply in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Meanwhile, instrumentation and reduction strategies have considerably evolved. This paper aims to describe the preoperative sagittal alignment in AIS, and to report literature evidence regarding the influence of postoperative sagittal balance on complication rates, low back pain incidence and disc degeneration...
January 24, 2018: European Spine Journal
Joshua Yang, Lindsay M Andras, Alexander M Broom, Nicholas R Gonsalves, Kody K Barrett, Andrew G Georgiadis, John M Flynn, Vernon T Tolo, David L Skaggs
STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of using the stable sagittal vertebra (SSV) for selecting the lowest instrumented vertebrae (LIV) to prevent distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) in selective thoracic fusions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cho et al. reported that including the SSV in a fusion decreased the rate of DJK in thoracic hyperkyphosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients from two pediatric hospitals with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who underwent selective posterior thoracic fusion with the LIV at L2 or above from 2000 to 2012...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
Alberto Ponte, Giuseppe Orlando, Gian Luigi Siccardi
STUDY DESIGN: Technique and applications. OBJECTIVES: To define the anatomy, biomechanics, indications, and surgical technique of the true Ponte osteotomy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The Ponte osteotomy, originally developed for thoracic kyphosis, was the first one to obtain posterior shortening of the thoracic spine, maintaining the anterior column load-sharing capacity. It has become a widely applied technique in various types of spine deformities and a frequent topic of presentations at meetings and in scientific articles...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
Yeesuk Kim, Hyun-Cheol Oh, Jang Won Park, In-Sung Kim, Jun-Young Kim, Ki-Choul Kim, Dong-Sik Chae, Woo-Lam Jo, Joo-Hyoun Song
Arthritis damages the cartilage within joints, resulting in degenerative changes, including loss of function and joint instability. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the spine and bone-to-tendon attachment area within the sacroiliac joint leading to back pain and progressive spinal stiffness. In the final stages, AS causes hyperkyphosis-a condition closely tied to the human leukocyte antigen-B27 gene. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease characterized by the simultaneous inflammation of the synovium of multiple joints, leading to joint damage (e...
December 2017: Hip & Pelvis
Tayebeh Roghani, Minoo Khalkhali Zavieh, Abbas Rahimi, Saeed Talebian, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban, Nicole King, Wendy Katzman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the intrarater reliability of a skin-surface instrument (Spinal Mouse, Idiag, Voletswil, Switzerland) in measuring standing sagittal curvature and global mobility of the spine in older women with and without hyperkyphosis. METHODS: Measurements were made in 19 women with hyperkyphosis (thoracic kyphosis angle ≥50°), mean age 67 ± 5 years, and 14 women without hyperkyphosis (thoracic kyphosis angle <50°), mean age 63 ± 6 years...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Wendy B Katzman, Neeta Parimi, Amy Gladin, Eduard A Poltavskiy, Anne L Schafer, Roger K Long, Bo Fan, Shirley S Wong, Nancy E Lane
BACKGROUND: Hyperkyphosis, an excessive anterior curvature in the thoracic spine, is associated with reduced health status in older adults. Hyperkyphosis is highly prevalent, more common in older women than men. There is no standard intervention to reduce age-related hyperkyphosis. Sex differences in response to a kyphosis-specific exercise intervention are not known. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a targeted kyphosis-specific exercise and postural training program on the primary outcome Cobb angle of kyphosis, and investigated whether the magnitude of change differed between men and women...
December 4, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jeffrey R Mitchell, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the increase in thoracic kyphosis in a patient suffering from exertional dyspnea, reduced lung capacity, and spinal pains related to straight back syndrome (SBS). [Subject and Methods] A 33-year-old male patient was put on a CBP® corrective care program involving mirror image® traction procedures designed to increase the thoracic kyphosis. [Results] This patient had a 10° improvement in thoracic kyphosis in 16-weeks that was maintained 7-months later. There was a simultaneous reduction of pain, resolved exertional dyspnea, and a greater than 2 liter increase in lung capacity...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
M Pfeifer, M Gehlen, C Hinz
This literature search concerning the potential role of spinal orthoses for rehabilitation and treatment of atraumatic vertebral fractures between Th4 and L5 with osteoporosis and without any evidence for a secondary cause, provided no evidence for the benefits of traditional rigid thoracolumbar corsets, which only had a poor compliance. In addition, there are indications that these rigid corsets may even worsen the disease condition especially in the long-term. Wearing these corsets can result in further loss of muscle mass and strength followed by loss of bone and bone mass...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Leonard Westermann, Peer Eysel, Marvin Simons, Kourosh Zarghooni
Introduction: Radiofrequency-targeted vertebral augmentation (RF-TVA) is a recognized treatment for painful compression fractures. RF-TVA in a patient with multiple compression fractures due to type I osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) has not been previously reported. Case Presentation: A 54-year-old patient with type I OI is presented with a segmental thoracic hyperkyphosis and 7 recent vertebral compression fractures. Because of persistent severe thoracolumbar back pain despite conservative therapy, RF-TVA was indicated...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
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