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Robert Ndou
Assessment of the range of motion at a joint is among the methods employed by orthopedic surgeons and physiotherapists to determine courses of therapy and joint recovery. Females tend to have a greater range of motion at the elbow joint than males. In the present case-control study, the elbow extension angle was compared between males and females with and without the supratrochlear aperture. A total of 453 dry humeri and their corresponding ulnae were included in the study, and elbow extension angle was measured using a goniometer...
October 11, 2016: Anatomical Science International
Emmanuel Lilitsis, Alexia Papaioannou, Aikaterini Hatzimichali, Konstantinos Spyridakis, Sofia Xenaki, George Chalkiadakis, Emmanuel Chrysos
BACKGROUND: We present a case of a patient with multinodular goiter disease who suffered asystole during head hyperextension for surgical positioning on the operational table. CASE PRESENTATION: Manipulation of carotid sinus may trigger bradycardia or even asystole even in patients without prior history of carotid sinus hypersensitivity. The time proximity between patient positioning and asystole, the late responsiveness to atropine, the immediate increase of heart rate after head elevation and the lack of any other trigger factor or prior history support the hypothesis of carotid sinus syndrome...
October 6, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Michael D Ringler, Ezekiel E Shotts, Mark S Collins, B Matthew Howe
OBJECTIVE: Unlike with anterior cruciate ligament injury, little is known about the prevalence of intra-articular pathology associated with isolated posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury in the knee. The objectives of this study were to characterize and identify the frequency of meniscal tears and osteochondral injuries in these patients, and to see if management might be affected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Altogether, 48 knee MRI exams with isolated PCL tears were evaluated for the presence of: grade and location of PCL tear, meniscal tear, articular chondral lesion, bone bruise, and fracture...
October 4, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Victoria Goeckmann, Sophie Rothammer, Ivica Medugorac
Bovine spastic paresis (BSP) is a sporadic, progressive neuromuscular disease that is thought to affect all breeds of cattle. The disease manifests as a unilateral or bilateral hyperextension of the hind limb due to increased muscle tone or permanent spasm of mainly the gastrocnemius and/or the quadriceps muscle. Clinical signs only appear in rising, standing and moving animals, which is an important diagnostic feature. Although several medical treatments have been described, surgical procedures such as neurectomy or tenectomy are generally indicated...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
Lorenzo Maria Di Giacomo, Muhammad Shahid Khan, Luigi Piscitelli, Michele Bisaccia, Auro Caraffa
Anterior Cruciate ligament (ACL) is a typical athletic injury. One of the most frequent complication after ACL reconstruction is reduced range of motion (ROM) due to the impingement on the inter-condylar notch of a fibrous tissue mass, defined as Cyclops Syndrome. We report the case of a 25 years old male, who underwent reconstruction of ACL with Gracilis-semitendinosus (GR-ST) tendons with delayed onset of loss of knee extension seven years after ACL reconstruction. Clinical and magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings were consistent with Cyclops syndrome...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Robert Zant, Michael Melter, Christian Doerfler, Felix Schlachetzki, Ernst-Michael Jung, Stefan Schilling, Juergen Kunkel
Internal carotid artery (ICA) dissections with associated stroke are rare events in infants. The usual pathomechanisms include direct trauma to the artery, blunt intraoral trauma, or child abuse. We describe the case of a 4-month-old male patient with ICA dissection and associated middle cerebral artery territory infarction associated with hyperextension/hyperrotation after a minor head injury. Upon treatment with anticoagulants, the patient showed significant improvement of the left-sided hemiparesis. Hemorrhagic transformation that presented shortly after middle cerebral artery infarction did not further increase under heparin treatment and prevented further embolism...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
S M C George, A Vandersteen, E Nigar, D J P Ferguson, E J Topham, F M Pope
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) encompasses a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of connective tissue disorders, characterized by joint hypermobility, skin hyperextensibility and tissue fragility. It is a rare condition, and inheritance is either autosomal dominant or recessive. Previously grouped into 11 different subtypes, with increasing knowledge of the underlying molecular defects, it was reclassified in 1997 into 6 major groups, with type VIII excluded from this classification. Type VIII EDS is a very rare subtype, characterized by severe, early-onset periodontitis, skin fragility and abnormal scarring...
October 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Patricia Teran-Yengle, Kelly J Cole, H John Yack
The use of real-time biofeedback has been shown to enable individuals to make changes to their gait patterns. It remains unknown whether the short-term improvements reported in previous studies are retained in the longer term. In this study, the paradigm used to investigate the short and long-term effects of real-time biofeedback was modifying knee range of motion during gait to prevent knee hyperextension in women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term (1-month follow up) and long-term (8-month follow up) effects of a gait retraining program using real-time biofeedback to correct knee hyperextension in young women...
August 21, 2016: Gait & Posture
Jose Luis Rosário, Maria Suely Bezerra Diógenes, Rita Mattei, José Roberto Leite
Postural abnormalities can affect the emotions and vice-versa. The aim of the present study was to investigate the existence of a relationship between subjective anger and body posture in 28 women, aged between 20 and 39 years, with a normal body mass index (or underweight) and an absence of neurological, psychiatric or musculoskeletal disorders. The postural parameters photographed were the inclination of the shoulders, protrusion of the head, hyperextension of the knees and shoulder elevation. The degree of anger was rated by analogue scales representing current and usual anger...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Beth A Earhart, Marian E Williams, Irina Zamora, Linda Marie Randolph, Jodie K Votava-Smith, Stephanie N Marcy
Duplication 7q11.23 syndrome is the reciprocal of Williams-Beuren deletion syndrome. Studies have reported a recognizable phenotype, including autism, intellectual disability, speech, and language delay, social anxiety, and behavioral difficulties in these individuals. Previous studies revealed a variety of craniofacial abnormalities, brain malformations, and cardiac abnormalities, including aortic dilation. This patient series evaluates five family members aged 2 months to 35 years, all with confirmed 7q11...
September 12, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Jenny Kurz, Diane Borello-France
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postpartum women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence (UI) are often managed by physical therapists specializing in women's health. Movement system impairments often co-exist in this patient population. The purpose of this case study was to describe the physical therapy management of a post-partum female with POP complicated by additional pelvic symptoms. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 31-year-old post-partum female presented with POP, diastasis recti, UI, and constipation...
September 1, 2016: Physical Therapy
D Yao, E Jakubowitz, K Tecante, M Lahner, S Ettinger, L Claassen, C Plaass, C Stukenborg-Colsman, K Daniilidis
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to obtain first insights into the kinematic and kinetic walking patterns resulting from an implanted functional electrical stimulation system in subjects with a drop foot caused by stroke. METHODS: Four subjects who experienced a stroke were chosen due to a comparatively long/short time after surgery and young/old at the stroke event were examined retrospectively with gait analysis. Kinematics and kinetics of normal walking were assessed in comparison with and without activated drop foot stimulation...
September 1, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Serwet Demirdas, Eelco Dulfer, Leema Robert, Marlies Kempers, Daphne van Beek, Dimitra Micha, Baziel G van Engelen, Ben Hamel, Joost Schalkwijk, Bart Loeys, Alessandra Maugeri, Nicol C Voermans
The tenascin-X (TNX) deficient type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is similar to the classical type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Due to the limited awareness among geneticists and the challenge of the molecular analysis of the TNXB gene, the TNX-deficient type EDS is likely to be under diagnosed. We therefore performed an observational, cross-sectional study. History and physical examination were performed. Results of serum TNX measurements were collected and mutation analysis was performed by a combination of NGS, Sanger sequencing and MLPA...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Genetics
Yu-Lin Wang, Hsiao-Yun Chang, Shih-Chung Cheng, Chiang Liu
BACKGROUND: Alteration of elbow range of motion (ROM) has been observed in baseball pitchers. This study aims to compare dominant elbow ROM between early-puberty, late-puberty, and young-adult pitchers. METHODS: We recruited 62 pitchers, consisting of 17 early-puberty (mean age 13.1 years old), 22 late-puberty (mean age 17.7 years old), and 23 young-adult players (mean age 19.4 years old). Dominant elbow ROMs was measured. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the differences in elbow ROM variables between 3 groups...
May 14, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Jana M Crain, Jean-Pierre Phancao
During the advent of artificial turf and flexible footwear in football, turf toe was initially coined and described as a 1st metatarsophalangeal joint sprain injury. In the classic setting of hyperextension of the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint, turf toe is an injury to its plantar capsuloligamentous complex. Advances in MR imaging and knowledge of the complex 1st metatarsophalangeal joint help pinpoint the injured plantar structures as well as assess severity and chronicity of the injury. Detailed analysis of turf toe should highlight the best conservative and surgical options for injured athletes to reach optimal recovery...
September 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
J A Molad, M Findler, N M Bornstein, E Auriel
INTRODUCTION: Cervical artery dissection (CAD) is an important cause of ischemic stroke which may occur following minor traumatic neck manipulations or hyperextension. This paper describes four cases of CAD secondary to dental procedures. CASES: Four patients were admitted to the neurology department due to various neurological deficits, which developed subsequently to dental procedure. CT angiography demonstrated CAD in all patients. No predisposing background disease or other neck manipulations were found...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Daphne Guenoun, Julien Vaccaro, Thomas Le Corroller, Pierre-Antoine Barral, Aude Lagier, Vanessa Pauly, Benjamin Coquart, Joel Coste, Pierre Champsaur
Recent anatomical and radiological studies of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) suggest the ACL length and orientation change during knee flexion, and an open MRI sequencing during knee flexion enables a dynamic ACL analysis. This study's goal is to describe a normal ACL using a 1T open MRI and, in particular, variations in length and insertion angles at different degrees of flexion. Twenty-one volunteers with clinically healthy knees received a dynamic MRI with their knees in hyperextension, neutral position, and flexed at 45° and 90° angles...
August 11, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Julio C Alcántara-Montiel, Tamara Staines-Boone, Gabriela López-Herrera, Laura Berrón-Ruiz, Carlos R Borrego-Montoya, Leopoldo Santos-Argumedo
Hyper IgE syndrome (HIES) is characterized by recurrent skin abscesses, eczema, pneumonia, and high levels of serum IgE. Nonimmunologic manifestations of HIES include a characteristic face, pathologic dentition, scoliosis, bone alterations, hyperextensible joints, and vascular abnormalities. Somatic mosaicism is defined by the presence of two or more populations of cells with different genotypes in one individual. In this report, we describe one patient with classical HIES and another patient with a mild phenotype, both harboring the same genetic mutation...
October 2016: European Journal of Immunology
Kalidutta Das, Rajat Mahajan, Bibhudendu Mohapatra, M L Bansal, Ayush Sharma
Hyperextension injuries of lumbar spine resulting in lumbosacral dislocation are a rare entity. We report a case of a 60-year-old male who presented to us in outpatient department with history of trivial fall from bicycle with fracture through the pedicles extending from L2 to L5 with lumbosacral dislocation with free floating posterior elements with intact neurology. This is the first case report of 4 level extension compression injury with lumbosacral dislocation leading to floating lumbar spine to the best of author's knowledge...
August 2, 2016: European Spine Journal
M Gabl, R Arora, G Schmidle
Fractures of the distal radius are most commonly caused by hyperextension injuries of the wrist. Tensile forces and force vectors, strength of impact, bone strength and soft tissue tension create individually different fracture patterns. Metaphyseal comminution, loss of cortical support, ligament avulsion and shear fragments are defining parameters for fracture instability. The dislocation of the articular fragment follows the force vectors of the extrinsic forearm muscles bridging the joint. The goal-plan-standardized (GPS) treatment strategy has proven to be helpful in choosing the ideal individual treatment...
September 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
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