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Fear of recurrence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149897/enablers-and-barriers-to-secondary-prophylaxis-for-rheumatic-fever-among-m%C3%A4-ori-aged-14-21-in-new-zealand-a-framework-method-study
#1
Hilary Barker, John G Oetzel, Nina Scott, Michelle Morley, Polly E Atatoa Carr, Keri Bolton Oetzel
BACKGROUND: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) rates have declined to near zero in nearly all developed countries. However, in New Zealand rates have not declined since the 1980s. Further, ARF diagnoses in New Zealand are inequitably distributed--occurring almost exclusively in Māori (the indigenous population) and Pacific children--with very low rates in the majority New Zealand European population. With ARF diagnosis, secondary prophylaxis is key to prevent recurrence. The purpose of this study was to identify the perceived enablers and barriers to secondary recurrence prophylaxis following ARF for Māori patients aged 14-21...
November 17, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142834/two-stage-thyroidectomy-in-the-era-of-intraoperative-neuromonitoring
#2
Christos Christoforides, Ioannis Papandrikos, Georgios Polyzois, Nikolaos Roukounakis, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Kyriakos Vamvakidis
Background: The use of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) provides surgeons with real time information about recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN) functional integrity. Hence, allowing them to modify the initially scheduled bilateral procedure, to a two-stage thyroidectomy in cases of loss of signal (LOS) on the first side of resection resulting in minimization of bilateral RLN injury. The purpose of our study was to present our results since the implementation of the above mentioned process in both malignant and benign thyroid disease...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#3
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134504/ketorolac-and-other-nsaids-increase-the-risk-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-surgery-for-gej-cancers-a-cohort-study-of-557-patients
#4
Kaare Terp Fjederholt, Cecilie Okholm, Lars Bo Svendsen, Michael Patrick Achiam, Jakob Kirkegård, Frank Viborg Mortensen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of ketorolac and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on anastomotic leakage after surgery for gastro-esophageal-junction cancer. Within the last two decades, the incidence of gastro-esophageal-junction cancer has increased in the western world and surgery is the curative treatment modality of choice. Anastomotic leakage is a feared complication of gastro-esophageal surgery, as it increases recurrence, morbidity, and mortality...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127760/preoperative-breast-mri-examination-for-all-patients-with-histologically-proven-breast-cancer-a-concept-for-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#5
Christina Kaiser, Christina Kehrer, Mignon-Denise Keyver-Paik, Thomas Hecking, Tiyasha Hosne Ayub, Claudia Leutner, Hans Schild, Walther Kuhn
Background A published retrospective data of our study group demonstrated that premenopausal women, patients with lobular invasive breast cancer or patients with high breast density [American College of Radiology (ACR) classification 3+4] significantly benefit from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) leading to additional detection of malignant foci of 20.2% in the index and 2.5% in the contralateral breast, which would otherwise not be detected by routine imaging. Critics of preoperative MRI focus on higher false-positive rates leading to unnecessary surgical procedures and mastectomies...
November 11, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125446/suprasellar-and-recurrent-pediatric-craniopharyngiomas-expanding-indications-for-the-extended-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-approach
#6
Andrew F Alalade, Elizabeth Ogando-Rivas, Jerome Boatey, Mark M Souweidane, Vijay K Anand, Jeffrey P Greenfield, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE The expanded endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal approach has become increasingly used for craniopharyngioma surgery in the pediatric population, but questions still persist regarding its utility in younger children, in recurrent and irradiated tumors, and in masses primarily located in the suprasellar region. The narrow corridor, incomplete pneumatization, and fear of hypothalamic injury have traditionally relegated this approach to application in older children with mostly cystic craniopharyngiomas centered in the sella...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107988/basic-emotions-and-adaptation-a-computational-and-evolutionary-model
#7
Daniela Pacella, Michela Ponticorvo, Onofrio Gigliotta, Orazio Miglino
The core principles of the evolutionary theories of emotions declare that affective states represent crucial drives for action selection in the environment and regulated the behavior and adaptation of natural agents in ancestrally recurrent situations. While many different studies used autonomous artificial agents to simulate emotional responses and the way these patterns can affect decision-making, few are the approaches that tried to analyze the evolutionary emergence of affective behaviors directly from the specific adaptive problems posed by the ancestral environment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104332/metacognitive-therapy-for-emotional-distress-in-adult-cancer-survivors-a-case-series
#8
Peter L Fisher, Angela Byrne, Peter Salmon
Many adult cancer survivors experience persistent emotional distress after completing cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to test the potential of a brief transdiagnostic psychological intervention-metacognitive therapy (MCT)-in reducing emotional distress in adult cancer survivors. A non-concurrent multiple baseline design with 3- and 6-months follow-up was used to evaluate the effects of MCT in four patients consecutively referred to a psycho-oncology service. Each patient received six 1-h sessions of MCT...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095681/randomized-trial-of-conquerfear-a-novel-theoretically-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence
#9
Phyllis N Butow, Jane Turner, Jemma Gilchrist, Louise Sharpe, Allan Ben Smith, Joanna E Fardell, Stephanie Tesson, Rachel O'Connell, Afaf Girgis, Val J Gebski, Rebecca Asher, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Melanie L Bell, Karina Grunewald Zola, Jane Beith, Belinda Thewes
Purpose Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is prevalent, distressing, and long lasting. This study evaluated the impact of a theoretically/empirically based intervention (ConquerFear) on FCR. Methods Eligible survivors had curable breast or colorectal cancer or melanoma, had completed treatment (not including endocrine therapy) 2 months to 5 years previously, were age > 18 years, and had scores above the clinical cutoff on the FCR Inventory (FCRI) severity subscale at screening. Participants were randomly assigned at a one-to-one ratio to either five face-to-face sessions of ConquerFear (attention training, metacognitions, acceptance/mindfulness, screening behavior, and values-based goal setting) or an attention control (Taking-it-Easy relaxation therapy)...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078572/continuous-intraoperative-vagus-nerve-stimulation-for-monitoring-of-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-during-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#10
REVIEW
Ian Wong, Daniel K H Tong, Raymond K Y Tsang, Claudia L Y Wong, Desmond K K Chan, Fion S Y Chan, Simon Law
For squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus, extended mediastinal lymphadenectomy especially around the bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN) is associated with high risk of nerve injury. This does not only result in hoarseness of voice, increase the chance of pulmonary complications, but would also affect the quality of life of patients in the long term. Methods to improve safety of lymphadenectomy are desirable. Continuous intraoperative nerve monitoring (CIONM) based on a system using vagus nerve stimulation was tested...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077901/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-japanese-breast-cancer-patients-a-feasibility-study
#11
Sunre Park, Mitsuhiro Sado, Daisuke Fujisawa, Yasuko Sato, Mari Takeuchi, Akira Ninomiya, Maiko Takahashi, Kimio Yoshimura, Hiromitsu Jinno, Yuko Takeda
Objectives: Mindfulness-based intervention has been receiving growing attention in cancer care. This study aimed to examine feasibility and to preliminary explore effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in Japanese breast cancer patients, and to explore possible modification of the program so that it fits better with this population. Methods: Twelve participants with diagnosis of Stage I-III breast cancer received an eight session, weekly MBCT intervention in a group therapy format...
October 25, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057458/support-needs-of-people-living-with-mycobacterium-ulcerans-buruli-ulcer-disease-in-a-ghana-rural-community-a-grounded-theory-study
#12
Alex Effah, Steven J Ersser, Ann Hemingway
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium ulcerans (also known as Buruli ulcer) disease is a rare skin disease which is prevalent in rural communities in the tropics mostly in Africa. Mortality rate is low, yet morbidity and consequent disabilities affect the quality of life of sufferers. AIMS: The aim of this paper is to use the grounded theory method to explore the support needs of people living with the consequences of Buruli ulcer in an endemic rural community in Ghana...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032639/long-term-mental-well-being-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-venous-thromboembolism-results-from-a-multistage-mixed-methods-study
#13
Anette Arbjerg Højen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Pia Sander Dreyer, Mette Søgaard, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen
BACKGROUND: Critical and chronic illness in youth can lead to impaired mental well-being. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially traumatic and life-threatening condition. Nonetheless, the long-term mental well-being of adolescents and young adults (AYAS) with VTE is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term mental well-being of AYAS (13-33 years) diagnosed with VTE. METHODS: We performed a multistage mixed method study based on data from the Danish nationwide health registries, and semi-structured interviews with 12 AYAS diagnosed with VTE...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024186/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-in-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-patients-an-investigation-of-the-clinical-encounter
#14
G Ozakinci, B Swash, G Humphris, S N Rogers, N J Hulbert-Williams
Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is common among individuals treated for cancer. Explorations of how this fear is expressed within an oncology setting and responded to are currently lacking. The aim was to investigate how head and neck cancer survivors in follow-up consultations express FCR, investigate how a healthcare professional addresses recurrence fears, and examine how survivors experience this interaction. We recorded the follow-up consultations of those participants who have reported FCR as a concern on the Patient Concerns Inventory...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023254/the-lived-experience-of-gynecologic-cancer-survivors-in-taiwan
#15
Li-Yun Tsai, Kung-Liahng Wang, Shu-Yuan Liang, Jung-Mei Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay
BACKGROUND: Although it is now possible to achieve permanent remission in a large percentage of gynecologic cancer (GC) cases, many GC patients in remission experience side effects or complications that influence their physical function and family relationships. Compared with other types of cancer patients, survivors of GC face greater challenges in terms of physical and psychological adaptations, and many of these do not receive sufficient assistance. An in-depth understanding of the lived experiences and demands of GC survivors is key to constructing comprehensive related healthcare services...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018064/psychoeducational-intervention-for-people-at-high-risk-of-developing-another-melanoma-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Mbathio Dieng, N A Kasparian, Shab Mireskandari, Phyllis Butow, Daniel Costa, Rachael Morton, Graham Mann, Scott Menzies, Anne Cust
INTRODUCTION: Information and psychological needs have been reported as one of the greatest areas of unmet needs for patients with melanoma. To respond to these needs, we developed the Melanoma Care Intervention, a developed psychoeducational intervention for people at high risk of developing another melanoma comprising of a newly developed melanoma educational booklet and individually tailored telephone support sessions provided by trained psychologists. The purpose of this study was to investigate the acceptability and feasibility of the Melanoma Care Intervention...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993757/painful-and-prolonged-muscle-cramps-following-insulin-injections-in-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-revisiting-the-1992-duke-case
#17
Rami A Ballout, Asma Arabi
A 56-year-old middle-eastern male with a long-standing history of poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus presented to us complaining of severely painful bilateral upper and lower extremity cramps occurring shortly after his rapid-acting insulin analog injection(s). The cramps had started 6 months ago and have been occurring intermittently in non-predictable episodes since then. He had otherwise never experienced any insulin-related adverse reaction(s) before. His cramps are very painful and debilitating, interfering with his daily activities and placing him in a state of constant fear/anxiety of re-experiencing them...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992893/translation-and-validation-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-inventory-fcri-nl
#18
Sanne Jasperine van Helmondt, Marije Liesbeth van der Lee, Jolanda de Vries
OBJECTIVE: The study objectives are to translate the FCRI in Dutch, and to explore the factor structure and the psychometric qualities of the Dutch translation of the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI-NL). METHOD: The original French-Canadian FCRI had been forward-backward translated into English by the developers, and this method was also used to translate the English version of the FCRI into Dutch. Patients were recruited via patient organizations between July 2011 and October 2013...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967909/cellular-and-oscillatory-substrates-of-fear-extinction-learning
#19
Patrick Davis, Yosif Zaki, Jamie Maguire, Leon G Reijmers
The mammalian brain contains dedicated circuits for both the learned expression and suppression of fear. These circuits require precise coordination to facilitate the appropriate expression of fear behavior, but the mechanisms underlying this coordination remain unclear. Using a combination of chemogenetics, activity-based neuronal-ensemble labeling and in vivo electrophysiology, we found that fear extinction learning confers on parvalbumin-expressing (PV) interneurons in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) a dedicated role in the selective suppression of a previously encoded fear memory and BLA fear-encoding neurons...
November 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960031/validation-study-for-the-korean-version-of-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-inventory
#20
Jinyoung Shin, Aejin Goo, Hyeonyoung Ko, Ji Hae Kim, Seung U Lim, Han Kyeong Lee, Sébastien Simard, Yun Mi Song
Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is one of the most prevalent unmet psychosocial needs. This study aimed to confirm the cultural equivalence, reliability, and validity of the Korean version of Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (K-FCRI). We conducted a forward-backward translation of the English version FCRI to Korean version through meticulous process including transcultural equivalence test. The psychometric property of the K-FCRI was then validated in 444 survivors from cancers at various sites. The Korean translation was accepted well by participants...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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