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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445266/recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury-after-thyroid-and-parathyroid-surgery-incidence-and-postoperative-evolution-assessment
#1
Gaëtan-Romain Joliat, Valentine Guarnero, Nicolas Demartines, Valérie Schweizer, Maurice Matter
Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is a feared complication after thyroid and parathyroid surgery. It induces important postoperative morbidity. The present study aimed to assess the incidence of transient/permanent postoperative RLN injuries after thyroid and parathyroid surgery in the present cohort, to observe the timing of recovery, and to identify risk factors for permanent RLN injury after thyroidectomy.All consecutive patients operated on at our institution for thyroid and parathyroid pathologies from 2005 to 2013 were reviewed for vocal cord paresis...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434095/patient-reported-outcomes-in-cancer-survivors-a-population-wide-cross-sectional-study
#2
Michael Jefford, Andrew C Ward, Karolina Lisy, Karen Lacey, Jon D Emery, Adam W Glaser, Hannah Cross, Mei Krishnasamy, Sue-Anne McLachlan, Jim Bishop
PURPOSE: There is a lack of robust population-based data regarding the lived experience of cancer survivors. This study assessed the quality of life (QoL) of survivors of breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma or melanoma 1, 3 and 5 years post-diagnosis. Associations between various demographic and disease-related factors and QoL were assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey was undertaken. Eligible participants were identified from a population-based cancer registry...
April 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432506/elective-colectomy-for-diverticulitis-in-transplant-patients-is-it-worth-the-risk
#3
Janet T Lee, Steve Skube, Genevieve B Melton, Mary R Kwaan, Christine C Jensen, Robert D Madoff, Wolfgang B Gaertner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine morbidity and mortality for transplant patients undergoing elective colectomy for diverticulitis and determine the impact of recurrent diverticulitis on postoperative complications. METHODS: We identified transplant recipients that underwent elective colectomy for diverticulitis between 2000 and 2015 at a tertiary care institution. Patient and procedure variables, postoperative complications, length of stay, 30-day readmission, and mortality were identified through retrospective chart review...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422278/decipher-test-impacts-decision-making-among-patients-considering-adjuvant-and-salvage-treatment-after-radical-prostatectomy-interim-results-from-the-multicenter-prospective-pro-impact-study
#4
John L Gore, Marguerite du Plessis, María Santiago-Jiménez, Kasra Yousefi, Darby J S Thompson, Lawrence Karsh, Brian R Lane, Michael Franks, David Y T Chen, Mark Bandyk, Fernando J Bianco, Gordon Brown, William Clark, Adam S Kibel, Hyung L Kim, William Lowrance, Murugesan Manoharan, Paul Maroni, Scott Perrapato, Paul Sieber, Edouard J Trabulsi, Robert Waterhouse, Elai Davicioni, Yair Lotan, Daniel W Lin
BACKGROUND: Patients with prostate cancer and their providers face uncertainty as they consider adjuvant radiotherapy (ART) or salvage radiotherapy (SRT) after undergoing radical prostatectomy. The authors prospectively evaluated the impact of the Decipher test, which predicts metastasis risk after radical prostatectomy, on decision making for ART and SRT. METHODS: A total of 150 patients who were considering ART and 115 who were considering SRT were enrolled. Providers submitted a management recommendation before processing the Decipher test and again at the time of receipt of the test results...
April 19, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398195/mass-fainting-in-garment-factories-in-cambodia
#5
Maurice Eisenbruch
This paper reports an ethnographic study of mass fainting among garment factory workers in Cambodia. Research was undertaken in 2010-2015 in 48 factories in Phnom Penh and 8 provinces. Data were collected in Khmer using nonprobability sampling. In participant observation with monks, factory managers, health workers, and affected women, cultural understandings were explored. One or more episodes of mass fainting occurred at 34 factories, of which 9 were triggered by spirit possession. Informants viewed the causes in the domains of ill-health/toxins and supernatural activities...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385085/characteristic-symptoms-and-associated-features-of-exploding-head-syndrome-in-undergraduates
#6
Brian A Sharpless
Background Exploding head syndrome (EHS) is characterized by loud noises or a sense of explosion in the head during sleep transitions. Though relatively common, little is known about its characteristic symptoms or associated features. Methods A cross-sectional study of 49 undergraduates with EHS was performed. A clinical interview established diagnosis. Results The most common accompanying symptoms were tachycardia, fear, and muscle jerks/twitches with the most severe associated with respiration difficulties...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361738/simplifying-study-of-fever-s-dramatic-relief-of-autistic-behavior
#7
REVIEW
Peter Good
Dramatic relief of autistic behavior by infectious fever continues to tantalize parents and practitioners, yet researchers still hesitate to study its physiology/biochemistry, fearing stress and heat of brain imaging, contagion, and fever's complexity. Yet what could be more revealing than a common event that virtually 'normalizes' autistic behavior for a time? This paper proposes study of three simplified scenarios: (1) improvements appearing hours before fever, (2) return of autistic behavior soon after fever, (3) improvements persisting long after fever...
February 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343914/falls-and-fear-of-falling-predict-future-falls-and-related-injuries-in-ambulatory-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-longitudinal-observational-study
#8
Vivien Jørgensen, Emelie Butler Forslund, Arve Opheim, Erika Franzén, Kerstin Wahman, Claes Hultling, Åke Seiger, Agneta Ståhle, Johan K Stanghelle, Kirsti S Roaldsen
QUESTIONS: What is the 1-year incidence of falls and injurious falls in a representative cohort of community-dwelling ambulatory individuals with chronic spinal cord injury? What are the predictors of recurrent falls (more than two/year) and injurious falls in this population? DESIGN: One-year longitudinal observational multi-centre study. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 68 (of 73 included) community-dwelling ambulatory individuals with traumatic SCI attending regular follow-up programs at rehabilitation centres...
April 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334436/impact-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-on-perioperative-outcomes-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer
#9
Brandon C Chapman, Patrick Hosokawa, William Henderson, Alessandro Paniccia, Douglas M Overbey, Wells Messersmith, Christopher Lieu, Greg V Stiegmann, Richard D Schulick, Csaba Gajdos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation for rectal cancer is associated with lower local recurrence rates. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of neoadjuvant therapy on perioperative complications in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: Using the ACS-NSQIP database (2005-2012), a propensity score was used to match 3592 patients with rectal cancer receiving neoadjuvant therapy to 3592 patients undergoing surgery alone. The association between neoadjuvant chemoradiation and perioperative outcomes was evaluated...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324266/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-recurrent-breast-cancer-after-second-breast-conserving-therapy-in-comparison-with-mastectomy-the-german-experience
#10
Svenja Jendrian, Katharina Steffens, Barbara Schmalfeldt, Elena Laakmann, Corinna Bergelt, Isabell Witzel
BACKGROUND: Although some studies suggest that breast-conserving therapy (BCT) shows better psychosocial outcomes than mastectomy in patients with primary breast cancer, little is known about the outcomes of these surgical options in recurrent breast cancer. We investigated differences in overall survival and re-recurrence rates as well as psychosocial outcomes among patients who underwent BCT or mastectomy after the diagnosis of recurrent breast cancer in a single-center setting. METHODS: 124 of 186 eligible patients who underwent surgical treatment for breast cancer recurrence completed the questionnaires on quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30 and -BR23), fear of progression (PA-F-KF), anxiety and depression (HADS), and body image (BIS)...
March 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324108/hypoparathyroidism-less-severe-hypocalcemia-with-treatment-with-vitamin-d2-compared-to-calcitriol
#11
Elizabeth A Streeten, Yasaman Mohtasebi, Manige Konig, Lisa Davidoff, Kathleen Ryan
Context: Options for chronic treatment of hypoparathyroidism include calcitriol, recombinant human parathyroid hormone and high dose vitamin D (D2). D2 is used in a minority because of fear of prolonged hypercalcemia and renal toxicity. There is a paucity of recent data about D2 use in hypoparathyroidism. Objective: Compare renal function, hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia in patients with hypoparathyroidism treated chronically with either D2 or calcitriol. Design, setting, patients: A retrospective study of patients with hypoparathyroidism treated at University of Maryland Hospital...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317267/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-a-significant-concern-among-partners-of-prostate-cancer-survivors
#12
Marieke van de Wal, Simône Langenberg, Marieke Gielissen, Belinda Thewes, Inge van Oort, Judith Prins
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to (1) describe the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) in partners of prostate cancer (PCa) survivors; (2) to compare the proportions of high FCR in partners with high FCR in PCa survivors; (3) to explore partners' demographic and survivors' clinical characteristics associated with high FCR in partners; and (4) to identify the relationship between high FCR and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in partners. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to partners of disease-free PCa survivors...
March 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298187/icanadapt-early-protocol-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-clinician-supervised-transdiagnostic-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-icbt-for-depression-and-or-anxiety-in-early-stage-cancer-survivors-vs-treatment-as-usual
#13
M J Murphy, J M Newby, P Butow, L Kirsten, K Allison, S Loughnan, M A Price, J Shaw, H Shepherd, J Smith, G Andrews
BACKGROUND: This RCT with two parallel arms will evaluate the efficacy of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for the treatment of clinical depression and/or anxiety in early stage cancer survivors. METHODS/DESIGN: Early stage cancer survivors will be recruited via the research arm of a not-for-profit clinical research unit and randomised to an intervention (iCBT) group or a 'treatment as usual' (TAU) control group...
March 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288921/therapy-for-recurrent-high-grade-gliomas-results-of-a-prospective-multicenter-study-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#14
Linda Stöckelmaier, Mirjam Renovanz, Jochem König, Katrin Nickel, Anne-Katrin Hickmann, Regine Mayer-Steinacker, Minou Nadji-Ohl, Oliver Ganslandt, Lars Bullinger, Christian Rainer Wirtz, Jan Coburger
OBJECTIVE: To assess impact of therapy on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG) in an unselected cohort. METHODS: In this prospective multicenter study, we analyzed EORTC QLQ-C30 and BN20 questionnaires of 92 patients within one year after diagnosis of tumor recurrence of a HGG and respective treatment. We evaluated the influence of re-radiation, second and third-line chemotherapies and number of recurrent surgeries on sum scores for functioning, symptoms and total score as well as on sub scores for functioning and neurological symptoms using multivariate mixed models and descriptive statistics...
March 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284185/a-survey-to-determine-usual-care-after-cancer-treatment-within-the-united-kingdom-national-health-service
#15
M Duncan, J Deane, P D White, D Ridge, R Roylance, A Korszun, T Chalder, K S Bhui, M A Thaha, L Bourke
BACKGROUND: Approximately one third of cancer survivors in the United Kingdom face ongoing and debilitating psychological and physical symptoms related to poor quality of life. Very little is known about current post-cancer treatment services. METHODS: Oncology healthcare professionals (HCPs) were invited to take part in a survey, which gathered both quantitative and free text data about the content and delivery of cancer aftercare and patient needs. Analysis involved descriptive statistics and content analysis...
March 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271288/erratum-to-an-exploratory-study-of-the-worst-case-scenario-exercise-as-an-exposure-treatment-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence
#16
Chelsea Moran, Christina Tomei, Monique Lefebvre, Cheryl Harris, Christine Maheu, Sophie Lebel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258504/the-health-professionals-perspectives-of-support-needs-of-adult-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors-and-their-families-a-delphi-study
#17
Lauren J Breen, Moira O'Connor, Samuel Calder, Vivian Tai, Jade Cartwright, Janet M Beilby
PURPOSE: The aim was to identify the views of Australian and New Zealand health professionals regarding the support needs of people with head and neck cancer (HNC) and their families and current gaps in service delivery. METHODS: A modified Delphi process assessed support needs of people with HNC following acute medical management. A systematic review of the literature was used to develop items relevant to seven key concepts underpinning the psychological experience of living with HNC...
March 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251384/identifying-socio-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-associated-with-medication-beliefs-about-aromatase-inhibitors-among-postmenopausal-women-with-breast-cancer
#18
Teresa M Salgado, Emily J Davis, Karen B Farris, Souhiela Fawaz, Peter Batra, N Lynn Henry
PURPOSE: Non-adherence/persistence to adjuvant endocrine therapy can negatively impact survival. Beliefs about medicines are known to affect adherence. This study aims to identify socio-demographic and clinical characteristics associated with medication beliefs among women taking aromatase inhibitors (AIs). METHODS: Women completed an online survey on beliefs about AI therapy [Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ)], beliefs about breast cancer [Assessment of Survivor Concerns scale (ASC)], and depression [Personal Health Questionnaire depression scale (PHQ-8)]...
March 1, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210071/update-on-the-medical-management-of-gastrointestinal-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#19
REVIEW
Giuseppe Lopalco, Donato Rigante, Vincenzo Venerito, Claudia Fabiani, Rossella Franceschini, Michele Barone, Giovanni Lapadula, Mauro Galeazzi, Bruno Frediani, Florenzo Iannone, Luca Cantarini
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic disorder of unknown etiology mainly defined by recurrent oral aphthosis, genital ulcers, and chronic relapsing bilateral uveitis, all of which represent the "stigmata" of disease. However, many other organs including the vascular, neurological, musculoskeletal, and gastrointestinal systems can be affected. The gastrointestinal involvement in Behçet's disease (GIBD), along with the neurological and vascular ones, represents the most feared clinical manifestation of BD and shares many symptoms with inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208203/acute-pulmonary-embolism-after-discharge-duration-of-therapy-and-follow-up-testing
#20
Cecilia Becattini, Laura Franco, Giancarlo Agnelli
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a frequent cause of death and serious disability with a risk extending far beyond the acute phase of the disease. Anticoagulant treatment reduces the risk for death and recurrent VTE after a first PE. The optimal duration of anticoagulation after a first episode of PE remains controversial and should be made on an individual basis, balancing the estimated risk for recurrence without anticoagulant treatment against bleeding risk under anticoagulation. Current recommendations on duration of anticoagulation are based on a 3% per year risk of major bleeding expected during long-term warfarin treatment...
February 2017: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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