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Intermittent claudication

B Q Farah, R M Ritti-Dias, G G Cucato, P S Montgomery, A W Gardner
OBJECTIVES: Time spent in sedentary behavior has been associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors in the general population and in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD). Given the association of sedentary behavior and poor health outcomes, it is important to identify factors associated with sedentary behavior in these patients. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the sedentary time in patients with symptomatic PAD. METHODS: The sample included 297 patients with symptomatic PAD...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Tsuyoshi Goto, Toshinori Sakai, Tetsuya Enishi, Nori Sato, Koji Komatsu, Koichi Sairyo, Shinsuke Katoh
Neurogenic intermittent claudication is a main symptom in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), and postural change is often observed during walking. This study aimed to identify the changes in posture and muscle activity in the trunk and legs during walking in patients with LSS by examining 6 patients who had undergone decompression surgery. None of them had significant paralysis. Gait analysis using Vicon motion capture system(®) with electromyographic recordings of the paravertebral muscles (PVM) and vastus lateralis muscle (VL) was performed preoperatively and 2 weeks postoperatively...
October 6, 2016: Gait & Posture
F A K Mazari, J A Khan, N Samuel, G Smith, D Carradice, P C McCollum, I C Chetter
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare the long-term outcomes of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), a supervised exercise programme (SEP) and combined treatment (PTA + SEP) in patients with intermittent claudication owing to femoropopliteal disease. METHODS: Patients recruited to an RCT comparing these treatments were invited for long-term follow-up from 2010 to 2011. Indicators of limb ischaemia were recorded (ankle : brachial pressure index (ABPI) and treadmill walking distances)...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Samuel L Chen, Matthew D Whealon, Nii-Kabu Kabutey, Isabella J Kuo, Roy M Fujitani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Emily B Devine, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, N David Yanez, Todd C Edwards, Donald L Patrick, Cheryl A L Armstrong, Allison Devlin, Rebecca G Symons, Mark H Meissner, Ellen L T Derrick, Danielle C Lavallee, Larry G Kessler, David R Flum
Importance: Intermittent claudication (IC) is the most common presentation of infrainguinal peripheral artery disease. Both medical and revascularization interventions for IC aim to increase walking comfort and distance, but there is inconclusive evidence of the comparative benefit of revascularization given the possible risk of limb loss. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of a medical (walking program, smoking cessation counseling, and medications) vs revascularization (endovascular or surgical) intervention for IC in the community, focusing on outcomes of greatest importance to patients...
October 19, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Yasuaki Imajo, Tsukasa Kanchiku, Hidenori Suzuki, Masahiro Funaba, Norihiro Nishida, Kazuhiro Fujimoto, Toshihiko Taguchi
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) typically presents with neurogenic intermittent claudication (NIC). The aim is to investigate cauda equina conduction time (CECT) in patients with NIC caused by LSS and its relationship with age and body height in normal subjects. METHODS: The study included 172 normal subjects (mean age 44.1 ± 16.6 years; mean height 163.7 ± 8.9 cm). (Group C) 47 patients (mean age 71.3 ± 8.7 years; mean height 158.8 ± 11.2 cm) underwent surgery due to NIC in cauda equina type for LSS...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Marco Ambrosetti
Patients with Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease (LEPAD) have been recently identified as target groups for structured Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation (CPR) programs, whose core components and intervention goals are now well recognized. Historically, exercise training (ET) programs have been employed for the treatment of LEPAD with typical intermittent claudication, and several meta-analysis documented improvements in walking distances of enrolled patients. Both in American and European guidelines, a frequency of at least 3 sessions per week and program duration of 12 weeks were judged as optimal, while recommended sessions lengths were 30-45 minutes and 30-60 minutes respectively...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
A Vahl, B Elsman, A van Enst
- Revision of the 2005 guideline 'Diagnostics and treatment of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease' and the development of an audit have instigated a degree of efficiency and transparency for the treatment of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). - The key recommendations are that first-line treatment of patients, who - preferably by means of a consultation in a vascular laboratory - are diagnosed with intermittent claudication, is supervised exercise therapy and secondary prevention. Referral for second-line treatment only needs to occur when invasive therapy is considered, for example when there is insufficient improvement in symptoms or in patients who have or are developing critical ischemia...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Sandeep Aggarwal, Randy D Moore, Ross Arena, Brenda Marra, Amanda McBride, Brea Lamb, Billie-Jean Martin, James Stone
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the result of atherosclerosis in the lower limb arteries, which can give rise to intermittent claudication (IC), limb ulceration, infections, and, in some circumstances, amputation. As a result of PAD, patients are frequently limited in both walking duration and speed. These ambulatory deficits impact both functional capacity and quality of life. The prevalence of PAD is increasing, and patients with this diagnosis have high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A comprehensive approach is required to improve outcomes in patients with PAD and include tobacco cessation, pharmacologic management of metabolic fitness, risk-factor modification, and exercise training...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Carola Marie Wieker, Eva Schönefeld, Nani Osada, Christina Lührs, Roland Beneking, Giovanni Torsello, Dittmar Böckler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term outcome of common femoral artery thromboendarterectomy in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease. METHODS: The study retrospectively evaluated 713 vessels in 655 patients (75% male; mean age, 69.4 ± 9.5 years) who underwent common femoral thromboendarterectomy from January 2006 until May 2012 in two high-volume vascular centers. Critical limb ischemia was present in 221 patients, and intermittent claudication was present in 434...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
K J Williams, A Babber, R Ravikumar, A H Davies
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is common and symptoms can be debilitating and lethal. Risk management, exercise, radiological and surgical intervention are all valuable therapies, but morbidity and mortality rates from this disease are increasing. Circulatory enhancement can be achieved using simple medical electronic devices, with claims of minimal adverse side effects. The evidence for these is variable, prompting a review of the available literature. METHODS: Embase and Medline were interrogated for full text articles in humans and written in English...
September 17, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Simon Vui Vun, Michelle D Miller, Christopher L Delaney, Richard B Allan, J Ian Spark
OBJECTIVE: Supervised exercise is currently recommended for the first-line treatment of intermittent claudication based on improvement in walking capacity. However, the promotion of skeletal muscle atrophy by repetitive ischemia-reperfusion caused by treadmill-based programs remains a concern. Because preservation of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and lean mass (LM) is integral to functional capacity and longevity, this study measured the effect of standard treadmill-based supervised exercise on SMM and regional lower limb LM in patients with intermittent claudication...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Fay Crawford, Karen Welch, Alina Andras, Francesca M Chappell
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of the lower limb is common, with prevalence of both symptomatic and asymptomatic disease estimated at 13% in the over 50 age group. Symptomatic PAD affects about 5% of individuals in Western populations between the ages of 55 and 74 years. The most common initial symptom of PAD is muscle pain on exercise that is relieved by rest and is attributed to reduced lower limb blood flow due to atherosclerotic disease (intermittent claudication). The ankle brachial index (ABI) is widely used by a variety of healthcare professionals, including specialist nurses, physicians, surgeons and podiatrists working in primary and secondary care settings, to assess signs and symptoms of PAD...
September 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Juho Jalkanen, Mikael Maksimow, Maija Hollmén, Sirpa Jalkanen, Harri Hakovirta
Critical limb ischemia (CLI) is the advanced stage of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and associated with an extremely poor clinical outcome. In order to understand the possible role of circulating cytokines and poor outcome associated with CLI we compared the circulating cytokine profile of patients with CLI against patients with intermittent claudication (IC). The levels of 48 circulating cytokines were examined in 226 consecutive patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) admitted for elective, non-urgent, invasive treatment of IC or CLI...
2016: PloS One
Claudio Cimminiello, Hernan Polo Friz, Giuseppe Marano, Guido Arpaia, Patrizia Boracchi, Gabriella Spezzigu, Adriana Visonà
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) usually presents with intermittent claudication (IC). The aim of the present study was to assess, in clinical practice, the pattern of use of pharmacological therapies for IC in stable PAD outpatients. METHODS: A propensity analysis was performed using data from the IDOMENEO study, an observational prospective multicenter cohort study. The association between any pharmacological symptomatic IC therapy with different variables was investigated using generalized linear mixed models with pharmacological therapy as response variable and binomial error...
September 6, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Arto Heikkilä, Maarit Venermo, Hannu Kautiainen, Pertti Arnio, Päivi Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects approximately 202 million individuals around the world and is associated with a high risk of myocardial infarction, stroke and death. Although there is a clear inverse association between adult height and the risk of cardiovascular disease, little is known about the relationship between height and PAD. The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between subclinical PAD and height. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional cardiovascular risk factor study in southwestern Finland, ankle brachial index (ABI) and other risk factors were measured from a total of 972 cardiovascular risk subjects derived from the general population...
September 6, 2016: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Anouk Grandjean, Katia Iglesias, Céline Dubuis, Sébastien Déglise, Jean-Marc Corpataux, François Saucy
BACKGROUND: Multilevel peripheral arterial disease is frequently observed in patients with intermittent claudication or critical limb ischemia. This report evaluates the efficacy of one-stage hybrid revascularization in patients with multilevel arterial peripheral disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospective database included all consecutive patients treated by a hybrid approach for a multilevel arterial peripheral disease. The primary outcome was the patency rate at 6 months and 1 year...
September 2016: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Steven Mm van Sterkenburg, Leo H van den Ham, Luuk Smeets, Jan-Willem Lardenoije, Michel Mpj Reijnen
INTRODUCTION: Concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm formation and aortoiliac occlusive disease is a challenging combination, often requiring open reconstructive surgery. In this study, we have assessed a single center experience of the Nellix EndoVascular Aneurysm Sealing System in the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in conjunction with iliac artery occlusive disease. METHODS: Retrospectively case files of patients treated with Nellix EndoVascular Aneurysm Sealing System in a single center were reviewed...
August 31, 2016: Vascular
Takashi Maekawa, Kimihiro Komori, Akio Kodama, Hiroshi Banno, Hiroshi Narita, Masayuki Sugimoto
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the early and long-term results of the sole use of endovascular treatment in the treatment of inflow lesions in claudicants with both aortoiliac and femoropopliteal (FP) lesions. METHODS: A retrospective study that included 100 limbs in 73 patients was performed. The patency rates of aortoiliac artery stents, the continued clinical improvement rates, the risk factors for persistent disabling claudication after inflow revascularization, and the rates of freedom from additional FP procedures were examined...
September 1, 2016: Surgery Today
Diane Treat-Jacobson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
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