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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791970/effect-of-high-intensity-resistance-circuit-based-training-in-hypoxia-on-aerobic-performance-and-repeat-sprint-ability
#1
Domingo J Ramos-Campo, Ismael Martínez-Guardado, Guillermo Olcina, Cristian Marín-Pagán, Francisco J Martínez-Noguera, Jorge Carlos-Vivas, Pedro E Alcaraz, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias
Recent acute studies have shown that high-intensity resistance circuit-based (HRC) training in hypoxia increases metabolic stress. However, no intervention studies have yet proven their effectiveness. This study aimed to analyse the effect of 8 weeks of HRC in hypoxia on aerobic performance, resting energy expenditure (REE), repeat sprint ability (RSA) and haematological variables. Twenty-eight subjects were assigned to hypoxia (FiO2 =15%; HRChyp : n=15; age: 24.6±6.8 years; height: 177.4±5.9 cm; weight: 74...
May 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780029/evaluation-of-an-intervention-programme-addressing-ability-to-perform-activities-of-daily-living-among-persons-with-chronic-conditions-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial-able
#2
Susanne Guidetti, Kristina Tomra Nielsen, Cecilie von Bülow, Marc Sampedro Pilegaard, Louise Klokker, Eva Ejlersen Wæhrens
INTRODUCTION: The number of persons living with a chronic condition is increasing worldwide. Conditions are considered chronic when lasting 1 year or more and requiring ongoing medical attention and/or limiting activities of daily living (ADL). Besides medical treatment, physical exercise to improve body functions is recommended and prescribed. However, improvements in body functions do not necessarily improve ability to perform ADL. Thus, it is necessary to develop interventions aiming directly at enhancing ADL ability...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769247/dementia-and-physical-activity-dapa-trial-of-moderate-to-high-intensity-exercise-training-for-people-with-dementia-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Sarah E Lamb, Bart Sheehan, Nicky Atherton, Vivien Nichols, Helen Collins, Dipesh Mistry, Sukhdeep Dosanjh, Anne Marie Slowther, Iftekhar Khan, Stavros Petrou, Ranjit Lall
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of a moderate to high intensity aerobic and strength exercise training programme on cognitive impairment and other outcomes in people with mild to moderate dementia. DESIGN: Multicentre, pragmatic, investigator masked, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: National Health Service primary care, community and memory services, dementia research registers, and voluntary sector providers in 15 English regions. PARTICIPANTS: 494 people with dementia: 329 were assigned to an aerobic and strength exercise programme and 165 were assigned to usual care...
May 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767544/the-aerobic-resistance-inspiratory-muscle-training-hypothesis-in-heart-failure
#4
Ioannis D Laoutaris
Evidence from large multicentre exercise intervention trials in heart failure patients, investigating both moderate continuous aerobic training and high intensity interval training, indicates that the 'crème de la crème' exercise programme for this population remains to be found. The 'aerobic/resistance/inspiratory (ARIS) muscle training hypothesis in heart failure' is introduced, suggesting that combined ARIS muscle training may result in maximal exercise pathophysiological and functional benefits in heart failure patients...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767227/effect-of-a-balance-training-programme-on-postural-balance-aerobic-capacity-and-frequency-of-falls-in-women-with-osteoporosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ibolya Miko, Imre Szerb, Anna Szerb, Tamas Bender, Gyula Poor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a 12-month complex balance-training programme on static and dynamic postural balance, aerobic capacity and frequency of falls in women with established osteoporosis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial in which the intervention group was assigned a 12-month exercise programme (3 times a week for 30 min) and the control group had no intervention. SUBJECTS: A total of 100 osteoporotic women with at least one previous fracture...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759101/effect-of-the-health-tourism-weight-loss-programme-on-body-composition-and-health-outcomes-in-healthy-and-excess-weight-adults
#6
Hiroyuki Sagayama, Kayoko Shizuma, Makiko Toguchi, Hiroji Mizuhara, Yukiko Machida, Yosuke Yamada, Naoyuki Ebine, Yasuki Higaki, Hiroaki Tanaka
Excess weight loss while minimising fat-free mass (FFM) loss is important for health. Travel is a particular period at risk for weight gain and for which the effects of a short-term intensive weight loss programme have not been studied. Therefore, we studied the effect of a novel, 1-week supervised health travel programme combining high volume, low-to-moderate intensity exercise and energy intake restriction on weight, body composition and health outcomes in adults. Weight was also monitored for 12 weeks after the programme...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755739/abdominal-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-exercise-as-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Carole A Paley, Mark I Johnson
Background: Metabolic syndrome is defined as a cluster of at least three out of five clinical risk factors: abdominal (visceral) obesity, hypertension, elevated serum triglycerides, low serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and insulin resistance. It is estimated to affect over 20% of the global adult population. Abdominal (visceral) obesity is thought to be the predominant risk factor for metabolic syndrome and as predictions estimate that 50% of adults will be classified as obese by 2030 it is likely that metabolic syndrome will be a significant problem for health services and a drain on health economies...
2018: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755173/patients-perspectives-on-and-experiences-of-home-exercise-programmes-delivered-with-a-mobile-application
#8
Hillary Abramsky, Puneet Kaur, Mikale Robitaille, Leanna Taggio, Paul K Kosemetzky, Hillary Foster, Barbara E Gibson Bmr Pt MSc PhD, Maggie Bergeron, Patrick Jachyra
Purpose: We explored patients' perspectives on home exercise programmes (HEPs) and their experiences using a mobile application designed to facilitate home exercise. Method: Data were generated using qualitative, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with 10 participants who were receiving outpatient physiotherapy. Results: Establishing a therapeutic partnership between physiotherapists and patients enabled therapists to customize the HEPs to the patients' lifestyles and preferences. Analysis suggests that using the mobile application improved participants' ability to integrate the HEP into their daily life and was overwhelmingly preferred to traditional paper handouts...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740634/effectiveness-of-a-nintendo-wii-balance-board-exercise-programme-on-standing-balance-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomised-clinical-trial-protocol
#9
Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Ricardo Cartes-Velásquez, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Guillermo Méndez-Rebolledo, Alex Soto-Poblete, Ana Carolina Pacheco-Espinoza, Carlos Amigo-Mendoza, M Eliana Albornoz-Verdugo, Edith Elgueta-Cancino
Background: Patients with cerebral palsy (CP) typically receive limited physical therapy services. However, the Nintendo Wii system offers a simple and affordable mode of virtual reality therapy. There are no clinical trials assessing the Nintendo Wii balance board for improving standing balance in CP. Methods: This randomised clinical trial will evaluate the effectiveness of an 18-session/six-week protocol using Wii therapy (W-t) compared with conventional therapy (C-t) in Chilean CP patients...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732579/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-based-falls-prevention-strategies-in-adults-aged-50-years-with-visual-impairment
#10
Lisa Dillon, Lindy Clemson, Pradeep Ramulu, Catherine Sherrington, Lisa Keay
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of exercise or physical training on falls or physical function in people aged 50+ years with visual impairment, compared with control (no intervention or usual care). METHODS: An updated systematic review of randomised controlled trials, investigating the effect of exercise or physical activity on falls prevention or physical function in adults aged 50+ with visual impairment. Searches of CINAHL, the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Embase, and Medline were undertaken...
May 6, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730070/exercise-prehabilitation-in-elective-intra-cavity-surgery-a-role-within-the-eras-pathway-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Samuel T Orange, Matthew J Northgraves, Phil Marshall, Leigh A Madden, Rebecca V Vince
The Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) model integrates several elements of perioperative care into a standardised clinical pathway for surgical patients. ERAS programmes aim to reduce the rate of complications, improve surgical recovery, and limit postoperative length of hospital stay (LOHS). One area of growing interest that is not currently included within ERAS protocols is the use of exercise prehabilitation (PREHAB) interventions. PREHAB refers to the systematic process of improving functional capacity of the patient to withstand the upcoming physiological stress of surgery...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729860/is-ventilatory-therapy-combined-with-exercise-training-effective-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-results-of-a-randomized-trial-during-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-satelit-hf
#12
Marie-Christine Iliou, Sonia Corone, Barnabas Gellen, Thierry Denolle, Frederic Roche, Anaïs Charles Nelson, Christian Darné
BACKGROUND: Sleep-related disordered breathing is common in patients with chronic heart failure. AIM: To assess the efficacy of short-term nocturnal ventilatory therapy combined with exercise training (V+ET) compared with exercise training alone (ET) in patients with chronic heart failure with sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: Patients in New York Heart Association functional class II-IIIb, with an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI)>15/h, and enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitation programme, were centrally randomized to V+ET or ET...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729003/exercise-prescription-in-patients-with-different-combinations-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-a-consensus-statement-from-the-expert-working-group
#13
REVIEW
Dominique Hansen, Josef Niebauer, Veronique Cornelissen, Olga Barna, Daniel Neunhäuserer, Christoph Stettler, Cajsa Tonoli, Eugenio Greco, Robert Fagard, Karin Coninx, Luc Vanhees, Massimo F Piepoli, Roberto Pedretti, Gustavo Rovelo Ruiz, Ugo Corrà, Jean-Paul Schmid, Constantinos H Davos, Frank Edelmann, Ana Abreu, Bernhard Rauch, Marco Ambrosetti, Simona Sarzi Braga, Paul Beckers, Maurizio Bussotti, Pompilio Faggiano, Esteban Garcia-Porrero, Evangelia Kouidi, Michel Lamotte, Rona Reibis, Martijn A Spruit, Tim Takken, Carlo Vigorito, Heinz Völler, Patrick Doherty, Paul Dendale
Whereas exercise training is key in the management of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk (obesity, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, hypertension), clinicians experience difficulties in how to optimally prescribe exercise in patients with different CVD risk factors. Therefore, a consensus statement for state-of-the-art exercise prescription in patients with combinations of CVD risk factors as integrated into a digital training and decision support system (the EXercise Prescription in Everyday practice & Rehabilitative Training (EXPERT) tool) needed to be established...
May 4, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728451/exercise-training-in-heart-failure
#14
REVIEW
Mark Abela
Exercise training (ET) in heart failure (HF) has long been established as an important part of HF care. ET is known to improve quality of life and functional capacity in a number of ways. Despite its proposed benefits, evidence supporting its routine inclusion in standard rehabilitation programme is at times conflicting, partly because of the significant heterogeneity present in available randomised controlled trials. There is lack of evidence with regard to the duration of the overall benefit, the optimal exercise regimen and whether certain types of HF aetiologies benefit more than others...
May 4, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720374/education-plus-exercise-versus-corticosteroid-injection-use-versus-a-wait-and-see-approach-on-global-outcome-and-pain-from-gluteal-tendinopathy-prospective-single-blinded-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Rebecca Mellor, Kim Bennell, Alison Grimaldi, Philippa Nicolson, Jessica Kasza, Paul Hodges, Henry Wajswelner, Bill Vicenzino
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a programme of load management education plus exercise, corticosteroid injection use, and no treatment on pain and global improvement in individuals with gluteal tendinopathy. DESIGN: Prospective, three arm, single blinded, randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Brisbane and Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 35-70 years, with lateral hip pain for more than three months, at least 4/10 on the pain numerical rating scale, and gluteal tendinopathy confirmed by clinical diagnosis and magnetic resonance imaging; and with no corticosteroid injection use in previous 12 months, current physiotherapy, total hip replacement, or neurological conditions...
May 2, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719728/systematic-development-of-a-tennis-injury-prevention-programme
#16
Haiko I M F L Pas, Stefan Bodde, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Babette Pluim, Ivo J H Tiemessen, Johannes L Tol, Evert Verhagen, Vincent Gouttebarge
Introduction: Despite an injury incidence of up to 3.0/1000 hours of play, there are no published tennis injury prevention programmes. This article aims to describe the developmental process of TennisReady, an e-health tennis-specific injury programme for adult recreational tennis players. Five-step approach: A bottom-up, five-step approach was used with the Knowledge Transfer Scheme as a guideline. During the first step, a problem statement among targeted users was carried out...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719727/effects-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-resistance-exercise-interventions-on-recovery-of-physical-function-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-surgery-for-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#17
David Stephensen, Ferhana Hashem, Kevin Corbett, Amanda Bates, Michelle George, Ralph Peter Hobbs, Malcolm Hopkins, Irena Hutchins, David Peter Lowery, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Charitini Stavropoulou, Ian Swaine, Lee Tomlinson, Hazel Woodward, Haythem Ali
Objective: To systematically review the effects of preoperative and postoperative resistance exercise training on the recovery of physical function in patients undergoing abdominal surgery for cancer. Data sources: A systematic review of English articles using Medline, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library electronic databases was undertaken. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Studies were included if they used a randomised, quasi-randomised or controlled trial study design and compared the effects of a muscle-strengthening exercise intervention (±other therapy) with a comparative non-exercise group; involved adult participants (≥18 years) who had elected to undergo abdominal surgery for cancer; and used muscle strength, physical function, self-reported functional ability, range of motion and/or a performance-based test as an outcome measure...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717337/exercise-training-decreases-pancreatic-fat-content-and-improves-beta-cell-function-regardless-of-baseline-glucose-tolerance-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Marja A Heiskanen, Kumail K Motiani, Andrea Mari, Virva Saunavaara, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Kirsi A Virtanen, Mikko Koivumäki, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Pirjo Nuutila, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Pancreatic fat accumulation may contribute to the development of beta cell dysfunction. Exercise training improves whole-body insulin sensitivity, but its effects on pancreatic fat content and beta cell dysfunction are unclear. The aim of this parallel-group randomised controlled trial was to evaluate the effects of exercise training on pancreatic fat and beta cell function in healthy and prediabetic or type 2 diabetic participants and to test whether the responses were similar regardless of baseline glucose tolerance...
May 2, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708796/recruiting-the-next-generation-applying-a-values-based-approach-to-recruitment
#19
Georgina Ritchie, Lisa Ashworth, Annette Bades
The qualified district nurse (DN) role demands high levels of leadership. Attracting the right candidates to apply for the Specialist Practice Qualification District Nursing (SPQDN) education programme is essential to ensure fitness to practice on qualification. Anecdotal evidence suggested that the traditional panel interview discouraged candidates from applying and a need to improve the quality of the overall interview process was identified by the authors. The University of Central Lancashire in partnership with Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust adopted the National Values Based Recruitment (VBR) Framework to select candidates to gain entry onto the SPQDN course...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708035/gender-differences-in-outcomes-after-aortic-aneurysm-surgery-should-foster-further-research-to-improve-screening-and-prevention-programmes
#20
Francesco Nicolini, Antonella Vezzani, Francesco Corradi, Riccardo Gherli, Filippo Benassi, Tullio Manca, Tiziano Gherli
Background Gender-related biases in outcomes after thoracic aortic surgery are an important factor to consider in the prevention of potential complications related to aortic diseases and in the analysis of surgical results. Methods The aim of this study is to provide an up-to-date review of gender-related differences in the epidemiology, specific risk factors, outcome, and screening and prevention programmes in aortic aneurysms. Results Female patients affected by aortic disease still have worse outcomes and higher early and late mortality than men...
June 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
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