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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529021/frail-older-adults-perceptions-of-an-in-hospital-structured-exercise-intervention
#1
Louise O'Hare, Eileen Savage, Ruth McCullagh, Eleanor Bantry White, Eilis Fitzgerald, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions need to be assessed qualitatively to establish how people participate in and perceive the intervention and how interventions should be delivered for maximal effect. OBJECTIVES: To explore how frail older inpatients perceived the effects of a pilot augmented prescribed exercise programme (APEP). DESIGN: An interpretive phenomenological design using open-ended semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis...
April 24, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528435/benefits-of-a-regular-vs-irregular-rhythm-based-training-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-motor-skills-in-obese-girls
#2
Ghazi Racil, Wassim Elmontassar, Imen Rommene, Claire Tourny, Anis Chaouachi, Jeremy B Coquart
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls. METHODS: Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528077/is-the-success-of-the-slimmer-diabetes-prevention-intervention-modified-by-socioeconomic-status-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Andrea J Bukman, Geerke Duijzer, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Sophia C Jansen, Josien Ter Beek, Gerrit J Hiddink, Edith J M Feskens
AIM: To explore the role of socioeconomic status (SES) in participation, programme attendance, programme acceptability, adherence to lifestyle guidelines, drop-out, and effectiveness in the SLIMMER diabetes prevention intervention. METHODS: SLIMMER was a randomised controlled intervention, carried out in a real-world setting, targeting 40- to 70-year-old adults at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (n=316). The intervention group participated in a 10-month combined dietary and physical activity programme...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525969/erratum-to-the-effects-of-an-extensive-exercise-programme-on-the-progression-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Kate E Devenney, Marit L Sanders, Brian Lawlor, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Stefan Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520962/systematic-short-term-pulmonary-rehabilitation-before-lung-cancer-lobectomy-a-randomized-trial
#5
Yutian Lai, Jianhua Su, Peiyuan Qiu, Mingming Wang, Kun Zhou, Yuxin Tang, Guowei Che
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the impact of a preoperative 1-week, systematic, high-intensity inpatient exercise regimen on patients with lung cancer who had risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 101 subjects of a preoperative, 7-day systematic, integrated, high-intensity pulmonary exercise regimen. The control group received standard preoperative care. We analysed the occurrence of PPCs in both groups as the primary outcome; other outcomes included changes in blood gas, quality of life, peak expiratory flow rate, the 6-min walk distance and others...
May 17, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520802/aquatic-cycling-what-do-we-know-a-scoping-review-on-head-out-aquatic-cycling
#6
Stefanie Rewald, Ilse Mesters, Antoine F Lenssen, Jens Bansi, Johan Lambeck, Rob A de Bie, Benjamin Waller
Over the past few years, aquatic cycling has become a trending fitness activity. However, the literature has not been reviewed exhaustively. Therefore, using scoping review methodology, the aim of this review was to explore the current state of the literature concerning aquatic cycling. This study specifically focused on study designs, populations and outcomes. A comprehensive search of seven databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, Cinahl, Embase, PEDro,Web of Science, WorldCat) was conducted up to 30th September 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516519/exercise-training-in-diastolic-heart-failure-ex-dhf-rationale-and-design-of-a-multicentre-prospective-randomized-controlled-parallel-group-trial
#7
Frank Edelmann, Anna Bobenko, Götz Gelbrich, Gerd Hasenfuss, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, André Duvinage, Silja Schwarz, Meinhard Mende, Christiane Prettin, Tobias Trippel, Ruhdja Lindhorst, Daniel Morris, Elisabeth Pieske-Kraigher, Kathleen Nolte, Hans-Dirk Düngen, Rolf Wachter, Martin Halle, Burkert Pieske
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a common disease with high incidence and increasing prevalence. Patients suffer from functional limitation, poor health-related quality of life, and reduced prognosis. A pilot study in a smaller group of HFpEF patients showed that structured, supervised exercise training (ET) improves maximal exercise capacity, diastolic function, and physical quality of life. However, the long-term effects of ET on patient-related outcomes remain unclear in HFpEF. The primary objective of the Exercise training in Diastolic Heart Failure (Ex-DHF) trial is to investigate whether a 12 month supervised ET can improve a clinically meaningful composite outcome score in HFpEF patients...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515056/reducing-musculoskeletal-injury-and-concussion-risk-in-schoolboy-rugby-players-with-a-pre-activity-movement-control-exercise-programme-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Michael D Hislop, Keith A Stokes, Sean Williams, Carly D McKay, Mike E England, Simon P T Kemp, Grant Trewartha
BACKGROUND: Injury risk in youth rugby has received much attention, highlighting the importance of establishing evidence-based injury reduction strategies. AIM: To determine the efficacy of a movement control exercise programme in reducing injuries in youth rugby players and to investigate the effect of programme dose on injury measures. METHODS: In a cluster-randomised controlled trial, 40 independent schools (118 teams, 3188 players aged 14-18 years) were allocated to receive either the intervention or a reference programme, both of which were to be delivered by school coaches...
May 17, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514779/low-back-pain-in-pregnancy-investigations-management-and-role-of-neuraxial-analgesia-and-anaesthesia-a-systematic-review
#9
Herman Sehmbi, Rohan D'Souza, Anuj Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is commonly experienced during pregnancy and is often poorly managed. There is much ambiguity in diagnostic work-up, appropriate management and decision-making regarding the use of neuraxial analgesia and anaesthesia during labour and delivery in these patients. This systematic review summarises the evidence regarding investigations, management strategies and considerations around performing neuraxial blocks for pregnant women with LBP. METHODS: We searched 3 databases and reviewed literature concerning LBP in pregnancy with regards to diagnostic modalities, management strategies and use of neuraxial techniques for facilitating labour and delivery...
May 18, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511954/high-intensity-interval-training-hiit-improves-resting-blood-pressure-metabolic-met-capacity-and-heart-rate-reserve-without-compromising-resting-myocardial-function-in-sedentary-aging-men
#10
Fergal M Grace, Peter Herbert, Adrian D Elliott, Jo Richards, Alexander Beaumont, Nicholas F Sculthorpe
BACKGROUND: This study examined the combination of pre-conditioning exercise with subsequent high intensity interval training (HIIT) on blood pressure, echocardiography, cardiac strain mechanics and maximal metabolic (MET) capacity in sedentary (SED) aging men compared with age matched masters athletes (LEX). METHODS: Using a STROBE compliant observational design, 39 aging male participants (SED; n=22, aged 62.7±5.2yrs) (LEX; n=17, aged=61.1±5.4yrs) were recruited to a study that necessitated three distinct assessment phases; enrolment (Phase A), following pre-conditioning exercise in SED (Phase B), then following 6weeks of HIIT performed once every five days by both groups before reassessment (Phase C)...
May 13, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511024/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-and-surgery
#11
Paul O Older, Denny Zh Levett
The surgical patient population is increasingly elderly and comorbid and poses challenges to perioperative physicians. Accurate pre-operative risk stratification is important to direct perioperative care. Reduced aerobic fitness is associated with increased post-operative morbidity and mortality. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is an integrated and dynamic test that gives an objective measure of aerobic fitness or functional capacity and identifies the cause of exercise intolerance. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing provides an individualized estimate of patient risk that can be used to predict post-operative morbidity and mortality...
May 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509390/pilot-study-of-client-outcomes-from-exercise-physiology-in-a-youth-mental-health-service
#12
Gina Woodhead, Danielle Hitch, Kate Bolton, Dianne Albiston, Eoin Killackey
The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the utilisation and experience of an exercise physiology programme, known as Bod Squad at a youth mental health service. Individual sessions were offered in an outpatient setting, while both group and individual sessions occurred in an inpatient unit. This pilot study used a mixed methodology to collect data from young people who attended Bod Squad. A database of exercise physiology records for 47 young people were analysed for attendance and physiological indicators...
May 16, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508278/physiotherapy-programme-reduces-fatigue-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-palliative-care-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Anna Pyszora, Jacek Budzyński, Agnieszka Wójcik, Anna Prokop, Małgorzata Krajnik
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common and relevant symptom in patients with advanced cancer that significantly decreases their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a physiotherapy programme on CRF and other symptoms in patients diagnosed with advanced cancer. METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Sixty patients diagnosed with advanced cancer receiving palliative care were randomized into two groups: the treatment group (n = 30) and the control group (n = 30)...
May 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503911/community-football-teams-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-secure-settings-they-take-you-off-the-ward-it-was-like-a-nice-day-and-then-you-get-like-medals-at-the-end
#14
Nicholas Andrew Hudson, Jennifer Hella Mrozik, Rose White, Kristian Northend, Steve Moore, Katherine Lister, Kelly Rayner
BACKGROUND: People with learning disabilities (LD) are particularly vulnerable to mental health and behavioural difficulties, and it has been shown that regular exercise can improve psychosocial well-being as well as physical fitness. This research aims to explore the experiences of men with LD detained in secure settings who have engaged in community football training programmes and identify the benefits of such provision. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with eight patients in a forensic LD service, discussing their experiences of participating in community football...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502384/sports-science-needs-more-interdisciplinary-constraints-led-research-programmes-the-case-of-water-safety-in-new-zealand
#15
C Button, J L Croft
In the lead article of this special issue, Paul Glazier proposes that Newell's constraints model has the potential to contribute to a grand unified theory of sports performance in that it can help to integrate the disciplinary silos that have typically operated in isolation in sports and exercise science. With a few caveats discussed in this commentary, we agree with Glazier's proposal. However, his ideas suggest that there is a need to demonstrate explicitly how such an integration might occur within applied scientific research...
May 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497942/effect-of-combined-resistance-and-endurance-exercise-training-on-regional-fat-loss
#16
Alessandro Scotto di Palumbo, Enrico Guerra, Carmine Orlandi, Ilenia Bazzucchi, Massimo Sacchetti
BACKGROUND: The present study tested the possibility of a localized fat mass (FM) reduction by means of training programmes focusing on specific bodily regions. METHODS: Sixteen physically inactive women (age: 31±4; BMI: 27.5±2.1), randomly allocated to two groups, completed an 8 week training programme. In one group (UpBdResist) training sessions consisted of upper body resistance exercises followed by 30-minute cycling at 50%VO2max, while the other group (LwBdResist) performed lower body resistance exercises followed by 30 minutes on an arm-ergometer...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497852/patients-perception-of-disease-and-experience-with-type-2-diabetes-patient-education-in-denmark
#17
Ditte Hjorth Laursen, Anne Frølich, Ulla Christensen
BACKGROUND: Patient education programmes for a range of chronic conditions are widely implemented, but studies have shown that not all participants benefit equally from the patient education programmes. AIM: To explore differences in how persons with diabetes experience diabetes-related patient education programmes. METHODS: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with eleven participants 6 months after participation in patient education...
May 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495811/randomised-controlled-trial-of-online-continuing-education-for-health-professionals-to-improve-the-management-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-study-protocol
#18
Sophie H Li, Carolina X Sandler, Sally M Casson, Joanne Cassar, Tina Bogg, Andrew R Lloyd, Benjamin K Barry
INTRODUCTION: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a serious and debilitating illness that affects between 0.2%-2.6% of the world's population. Although there is level 1 evidence of the benefit of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) for some people with CFS, uptake of these interventions is low or at best untimely. This can be partly attributed to poor clinician awareness and knowledge of CFS and related CBT and GET interventions. This trial aims to evaluate the effect of participation in an online education programme, compared with a wait-list control group, on allied health professionals' knowledge about evidence-based CFS interventions and their levels of confidence to engage in the dissemination of these interventions...
May 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493265/national-rehabilitation-center-programme-performance-measures-in-the-united-arab-emirates-2013
#19
Ahmed Elkashef, Layla Alhyas, Hanan Al Hashmi, Dina Mohammed, Alison Gonzalez, Rinso Paul, Shamil Wanigaratne, Tarek Gawad, Richard Rawson, Ali Al Marzooqi, Hamad Al Ghaferi
The aim of this study was to measure the performance of the National Rehabilitation Center (NRC) programme and the services it provides. A 6-point tool was developed based on international standards with appropriate performance measures. The elements of the tool were applied to the electronic data files for 2013. The results showed that there were some operational, quality and data system issues. Some items were easily accessible, e.g. capacity, waiting time, family involvement. Others were difficult to sort and find and some were not available in the electronic system and had to be retrieved from other sources, e...
May 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477426/optimising-physiology-for-adolescents-with-dysautonomia
#20
Karen Thaxter Nesbeth
I congratulate Armstrong et al (1) on their high quality paper, which will enable us to plan interventions that improve the quality of life of the dysautonomic paediatric population. I support the movement toward programmes that facilitate closely monitored, appropriate exercise regimes, tailored for the dysautonomic adolescent. This may, in the medium to long term be physiologically equivalent to, but more cost-effective than, the intermittent intravenous infusions of saline that have been found to dramatically reduce symptoms and improve the quality of life of patients suffering from postural orthostatic hypotention syndrome (2)...
May 6, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
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