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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445854/balance-training-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-therapist-supervised-vs-home-based-exercise-programme
#1
Elizabeth Maria Atterbury, Karen Estelle Welman
BACKGROUND: Poor locomotion and balance in Parkinson's disease (PD) often diminishes independence. Accordingly, gait is considered one of the most relevant rehabilitation outcomes, and home-based balance exercises might be a viable mode of exercise delivery for individuals with PD. However, research on PD interventions rarely indicate best practices to deliver exercises. Therefore, this study endeavoured to compare the efficacy of a home-based and therapist-supervised balance programme on gait parameters, dynamic balance, balance confidence and motivation in individuals diagnosed with PD...
April 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445078/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-canoeing-performance
#2
Ming-Ta Yang, Mien-Mien Lee, Shu-Ching Hsu, Kuei-Hui Chan
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) utilizing a canoeing ergometer on endurance determinants, as well as aerobic and anaerobic performances among flat-water canoeists. Fourteen well-trained male flat-water canoeists were divided into an HIIT group or an MICT group. All subjects performed a continuous graded exercise test (GXT) and three fixed-distance (200, 500, and 1000 m) performance tests on a canoeing ergometer to determine canoeing economy, peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), and power at VO2peak, and to calculate the critical velocity (CV) and anaerobic work capacity before and after the training programmes...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441894/self-directed-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-evaluation-of-a-home-automated-tele-management-system
#3
Susan S Conroy, Min Zhan, William J Culpepper, Walter Royal, Mitchell T Wallin
Introduction Physical rehabilitation is one of the few non-pharmaceutical therapies for maintaining or improving walking ability for patients with multiple sclerosis. However, travel distance to rehabilitation clinics, neurological disability and insurance coverage often limit access to specialised rehabilitation services. To address these issues, we utilised a web-based system to support a home-based self-directed exercise programme. Methods Patients ( n = 24) were randomised to either routine home rehabilitation or to the multiple sclerosis home automated tele-management system for a six-month period...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440572/feasibility-of-a-multidisciplinary-intervention-to-help-cancer-patients-return-to-work
#4
M C J Leensen, I F Groeneveld, T Rejda, P Groenenboom, S van Berkel, T Brandon, A G E M de Boer, M H W Frings-Dresen
This study evaluates feasibility of a multidisciplinary intervention combining occupational counselling with physical exercise to enhance cancer patients' return to work, assesses whether care providers and patients were satisfied with the intervention, and describes barriers to and facilitators of execution. Newly diagnosed cancer patients, treated with chemotherapy and on sick leave from (self-)employment participated. Patients received counselling from an oncological occupational physician (OOP), were assessed by a sports physician, and performed a 12-week training programme supervised by physiotherapists...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436722/exercise-training-improves-characteristics-of-exercise-oscillatory-ventilation-in-chronic-heart-failure
#5
Niki Panagopoulou, Eleftherios Karatzanos, Stavros Dimopoulos, Athanasios Tasoulis, Ioannis Tachliabouris, Styliani Vakrou, Antonios Sideris, Christina Gratziou, Serafim Nanas
Background Exercise oscillatory ventilation in chronic heart failure has been suggested as a factor related to adverse cardiac events, aggravated prognosis and higher mortality. Exercise training is well known to affect exercise capacity and mechanisms of pathophysiology beneficially in chronic heart failure. Little is known, however, about the exercise training effects on characteristics of exercise oscillatory ventilation in chronic heart failure patients. Design and methods Twenty (out of 38) stable chronic heart failure patients exhibited exercise oscillatory ventilation (age 54 ± 11 years, peak oxygen uptake 15...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#6
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434551/neuromuscular-fatigue-during-exercise-methodological-considerations-etiology-and-potential-role-in-chronic-fatigue
#7
REVIEW
Rosie Twomey, Saied Jalal Aboodarda, Renata Kruger, Susan Nicole Culos-Reed, John Temesi, Guillaume Y Millet
The term fatigue is used to describe a distressing and persistent symptom of physical and/or mental tiredness in certain clinical populations, with distinct but ultimately complex, multifactorial and heterogenous pathophysiology. Chronic fatigue impacts on quality of life, reduces the capacity to perform activities of daily living, and is typically measured using subjective self-report tools. Fatigue also refers to an acute reduction in the ability to produce maximal force or power due to exercise. The classical measurement of exercise-induced fatigue involves neuromuscular assessments before and after a fatiguing task...
April 20, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433824/enfsi-collaborative-testing-programme-for-fingermarks-past-experiences-and-future-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
A Matte, J Fish, M Hilgert, T Lövby, M Svensson, J Vaughan, F Zampa
As early as 2004 the Fingerprint Working Group of the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) has organised proficiency tests (PT's) as well as collaborative exercises (CE's) as a way of raising standards within the fingerprint profession. Participation in PT's and CE's is a key element in the ISO/IEC accreditation process as they enable laboratories to monitor the quality of their analytical results. On the basis of the European Council Framework Decision 2009/905/JHA, of 30 November 2009, on Accreditation of forensic service providers carrying out laboratory activities[1], from November 15th of 2015, only accredited laboratories are allowed to exchange fingerprint data with other EU countries...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433409/managing-anthelmintic-resistance-in-parascaris-spp-a-modelling-exercise
#9
Dave M Leathwick, Christian W Sauermann, Thomas Geurden, Martin K Nielsen
A previously described model for the dynamics of the parasitic stages of Parascaris spp. was modified to include eggs outside the host and the genetics of anthelmintic resistance before being used to address questions regarding the development of resistance. Three broad questions were addressed; i) How sustainable is the current common practice of treating foals monthly for their first year of life (i.e. 12 treatments/year)? ii) Does the timing of treatments have an effect on resistance development? (i.e. do certain treatments select for resistance more strongly than others?), and iii) How sustainable is the currently recommended strategy of targeting ascarid infections in foals with two treatments applied during the first five months of life? A range of variations within these broad questions were considered, such as the value in rotational deworming, whether larvicidal treatments are more selective for resistance, and whether combination anthelmintics should be introduced...
March 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#10
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and during lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432606/neuromuscular-electrostimulation-a-new-therapeutic-option-to-improve-radio-cephalic-arteriovenous-fistula-maturation-in-end-stage-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#11
Lucia Martinez, Vicent Esteve, Montserrat Yeste, Vicent Artigas, Secundino Llagostera
BACKGROUND: Radio-cephalic arteriovenous fistula (RCAVF) is the gold standard vascular access for end-stage chronic kidney disease patients. Exercises after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation improve maturation. No articles are published regarding neuromuscular electrostimulation (NMES) in AVF maturation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the usefulness of a NMES programme on RCAVF maturation process. METHODS: An 8-week single-centre prospective study...
April 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431068/self-reported-physical-activity-and-major-adverse-events-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-report-from-the-eurobservational-research-programme-pilot-survey-on-atrial-fibrillation-eorp-af-general-registry
#12
Marco Proietti, Giuseppe Boriani, Cécile Laroche, Igor Diemberger, Mircea I Popescu, Lars H Rasmussen, Gianfranco Sinagra, Gheorghe-Andrei Dan, Aldo P Maggioni, Luigi Tavazzi, Deirdre A Lane, Gregory Y H Lip
Aims: Physical activity is protective against cardiovascular (CV) events, both in general population and in high-risk CV cohorts. However, the relationship between physical activity with major adverse outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF) is not well-established. Our aim was to analyse this relationship in a 'real-world' AF population. Second, we investigated the influence of physical activity on arrhythmia progression. Methods and Results: We studied all patients enrolled in the EURObservational Research Programme on AF (EORP-AF) Pilot Survey...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428604/in-vitro-cavity-and-crown-preparations-and-direct-restorations-a-comparison-of-performance-at-the-start-and-end-of-the-fd-programme
#13
F J T Burke, V Ravaghi, L Mackenzie, N Priest, H C Falcon
Aim To assess the performance and thereby the progress of the FDs when they carried out a number of simulated clinical exercises at the start and at the end of their FD year.Methods A standardised simulated clinical restorative dentistry training exercise was carried out by a group of 61 recently qualified dental graduates undertaking a 12 months' duration foundation training programme in England, at both the start and end of the programme. Participants completed a Class II cavity preparation and amalgam restoration, a Class IV composite resin restoration and two preparations for a porcelain-metal full crown...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427543/changes-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-following-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#14
Rafael Mesquita, Kenneth Meijer, Fabio Pitta, Helena Azcuna, Yvonne M J Goërtz, Johannes M N Essers, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
A more profound investigation about the responses in activity levels following pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with COPD is needed. We aimed to describe groups of patients with COPD according to patterns of change in physical activity and sedentary behaviour following PR. 90 patients with COPD (60% male; mean age 67 ± 8; median FEV1 47 (32-62) %pred) completed a comprehensive PR programme. A triaxial accelerometer was used to assess the time in sedentary behaviour, light activities and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420905/effects-of-supervised-aerobic-training-on-the-levels-of-anti-mullerian-hormone-and-adiposity-measures-in-women-with-normo-ovulatory-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
Einas Al-Eisa, Sami Ali Gabr, Ahmad Hieder Alghadir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change in the levels of anti-Mullerian hormone, adiponectin, weight loss and fertility parameters in obese women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome, following 12 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise. METHODS: This study was conducted from August 2013 to October 2014 among obese women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome referred to Obstetrics and Gynecology clinic, Mansoura University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420250/the-european-association-of-preventive-cardiology-exercise-prescription-in-everyday-practice-and-rehabilitative-training-expert-tool-a-digital-training-and-decision-support-system-for-optimized-exercise-prescription-in-cardiovascular-disease-concept-definitions
#16
Dominique Hansen, Paul Dendale, Karin Coninx, Luc Vanhees, Massimo F Piepoli, Josef Niebauer, Veronique Cornelissen, Roberto Pedretti, Eva Geurts, Gustavo R Ruiz, Ugo Corrà, Jean-Paul Schmid, Eugenio Greco, Constantinos H Davos, Frank Edelmann, Ana Abreu, Bernhard Rauch, Marco Ambrosetti, Simona S Braga, Olga Barna, Paul Beckers, Maurizio Bussotti, Robert Fagard, Pompilio Faggiano, Esteban Garcia-Porrero, Evangelia Kouidi, Michel Lamotte, Daniel Neunhäuserer, Rona Reibis, Martijn A Spruit, Christoph Stettler, Tim Takken, Cajsa Tonoli, Carlo Vigorito, Heinz Völler, Patrick Doherty
Background Exercise rehabilitation is highly recommended by current guidelines on prevention of cardiovascular disease, but its implementation is still poor. Many clinicians experience difficulties in prescribing exercise in the presence of different concomitant cardiovascular diseases and risk factors within the same patient. It was aimed to develop a digital training and decision support system for exercise prescription in cardiovascular disease patients in clinical practice: the European Association of Preventive Cardiology Exercise Prescription in Everyday Practice and Rehabilitative Training (EXPERT) tool...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#17
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416496/long-term-cost-reduction-of-routine-medications-following-a-residential-programme-combining-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Charlotte Lanhers, Guillaume Walther, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Geraldine Naughton, Bruno Pereira, Martine Duclos, Agnès Vinet, Philippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Frédéric Dutheil
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that lifestyle modifications will reduce the cost of routine medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), through a mechanism involving glycaemic control. DESIGN: A within-trial cost-medication analysis with a 1-year time horizon. SETTING: Controlled environment within the spa resort of Chatel-Guyon, France. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine participants (aged 50-70 years) with T2D. INTERVENTIONS: A 1-year follow-up intervention, beginning with a 3-week residential programme combining high exercise volume (15-20 hours/week), restrictive diet (-500 kcal/day) and education...
April 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415881/hip-and-pelvic-fracture-patients-with-fear-of-falling-development-and-description-of-the-step-by-step-treatment-protocol
#19
Karin Kampe, Michaela Kohler, Diana Albrecht, Clemens Becker, Martin Hautzinger, Ulrich Lindemann, Klaus Pfeiffer
OBJECTIVE: Based on a theoretical framework and sound evidence, this article describes a rehabilitation programme for patients with fear of falling after hip and pelvic fracture. RATIONALE: Based on exercise science principles, current knowledge from fall prevention, emotion regulation, and the Health Action Process Approach we developed a theoretical framework, from which the components of the intervention were derived. Description of the intervention: The intervention consists of 6 components: (1) relaxation, (2) meaningful activities and mobility-based goals, (3) falls related cognitions and emotions, coping with high risk tasks and situations, (4) individual exercise programme, (5) planning and implementing exercises and activities, and (6) fall risks and hazards...
May 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410999/impact-of-time-and-work-rest-ratio-matched-sprint-interval-training-programmes-on-performance-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Molly C Lloyd Jones, Martyn G Morris, John R Jakeman
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a short training intervention using two repeated sprint protocols matched for total sprint duration and work:rest ratio. DESIGN: Randomised-controlled trial. METHODS: Thirty physically active males were randomly allocated to one of two sprint training groups: a 6s group, a 30s group or a non-exercising control. The training groups were matched for work:rest ratio and total sprint time per session, and completed 6 training sessions over a 2-week period...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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