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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144207/exploring-physical-activity-behaviour-needs-for-and-interest-in-a-technology-delivered-home-based-exercise-programme-among-patients-with-intermittent-claudication
#1
Nils Cornelis, Roselien Buys, Inge Fourneau, Tijl Dewit, Véronique Cornelissen
BACKGROUND: Supervised walking is a first line therapy in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with complaints of intermittent claudication. However, uptake of supervised programmes is low. Home-based exercise seems an appealing alternative; especially since technological advances, such as tele-coaching and tele-monitoring, may facilitate the process and support patients when adopting a physically active lifestyle. To guide the development of such an intervention, it is important to identify barriers of physical activity and the needs and interests for technology-enabled exercise in this patient group...
November 16, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143611/one-or-two-serological-assay-testing-strategy-for-diagnosis-of-hbv-and-hcv-infection-the-use-of-predictive-modelling
#2
John V Parry, Philippa Easterbrook, Anita R Sands
BACKGROUND: Initial serological testing for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is conducted using either rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) or laboratory-based enzyme immunoassays (EIA)s for detection of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or antibodies to HCV (anti-HCV), typically on serum or plasma specimens and, for certain RDTs, capillary whole blood. WHO recommends the use of standardized testing strategies - defined as a sequence of one or more assays to maximize testing accuracy while simplifying the testing process and ideally minimizing cost...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143267/hamstring-injury-prevention-practices-in-elite-sport-evidence-for-eccentric-strength-vs-lumbo-pelvic-training
#3
REVIEW
Anthony J Shield, Matthew N Bourne
Hamstring strain injuries are endemic in running-based sports. Given the economic and performance implications of these injuries, a significant body of research has emerged in recent years in an attempt to identify risk factors and develop or optimise injury prevention strategies. Surveys of injury prevention practices among medical and conditioning staff in elite sport suggest that many sporting clubs invest significant efforts in eccentric hamstring conditioning and lumbo-pelvic or trunk stability programmes...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143251/service-evaluation-of-an-exercise-on-referral-scheme-for-adults-with-existing-health-conditions-in-the-united-kingdom
#4
Grant J McGeechan, Dawn Phillips, Lynn Wilson, Vicki J Whittaker, Gillian O'Neill, Dorothy Newbury-Birch
PURPOSE: This paper outlines a service evaluation of an exercise referral scheme for adults suffering from a variety of physical or mental health conditions or who were deemed are at risk of developing such conditions. The evaluation aimed to assess the impact of the scheme at increasing physical activity and at reducing BMI and waist circumference. METHOD: This was a retrospective evaluation looking at levels of physical activity and changes to anthropometric measures over a period of 6 months...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141663/quality-assurance-of-the-scope-1-trial-in-oesophageal-radiotherapy
#5
Lucy Wills, Rhydian Maggs, Geraint Lewis, Gareth Jones, Lisette Nixon, John Staffurth, Tom Crosby
BACKGROUND: SCOPE 1 was the first UK based multi-centre trial involving radiotherapy of the oesophagus. A comprehensive radiotherapy trials quality assurance programme was launched with two main aims: 1. To assist centres, where needed, to adapt their radiotherapy techniques in order to achieve protocol compliance and thereby enable their participation in the trial. 2. To support the trial's clinical outcomes by ensuring the consistent planning and delivery of radiotherapy across all participating centres...
November 15, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138133/effects-of-weight-loss-interventions-for-adults-who-are-obese-on-mortality-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Chenhan Ma, Alison Avenell, Mark Bolland, Jemma Hudson, Fiona Stewart, Clare Robertson, Pawana Sharma, Cynthia Fraser, Graeme MacLennan
Objective To assess whether weight loss interventions for adults with obesity affect all cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and body weight.Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) using random effects, estimating risk ratios, and mean differences. Heterogeneity investigated using Cochran's Q and I(2) statistics. Quality of evidence assessed by GRADE criteria.Data sources Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and full texts in our trials' registry for data not evident in databases...
November 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133320/effect-of-an-intensive-3-week-preoperative-home-rehabilitation-programme-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-eligible-for-lung-cancer-surgery-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Hélène Laurent, Géraud Galvaing, Emilie Thivat, Emmanuel Coudeyre, Sylvie Aubreton, Ruddy Richard, Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Frederic Costes, Marc Filaire
INTRODUCTION: Surgery is the standard curative treatment for lung cancer but is only possible in patients with local tumour and preserved exercise capacity. Improving fitness before surgery can reduce postoperative complications and mortality. However, preoperative rehabilitation remains difficult to implement for several reasons. We aim to investigate the effectiveness of an intensive 3-week home-based preoperative exercise training programme on hospital discharge ability, postoperative complications and physical performance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are eligible for lung cancer surgery...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130536/adoption-and-use-of-an-injury-prevention-exercise-programme-in-female-football-a-qualitative-study-among-coaches
#8
H Lindblom, S Carlfjord, M Hägglund
This study focuses on an injury prevention exercise programme (IPEP), Knee Control, which has been shown to reduce the incidence of acute knee injury in female adolescent football players. The aim was to explore the factors influencing coaches' adoption and use of Knee Control within female football in Sweden. This was a qualitative study involving interviews with 20 strategically selected coaches for female football teams, predominantly adolescent teams. The semi-structured interview guide was influenced by the Health Belief Model, and an ecological perspective was adopted during the interviews...
November 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117797/obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-copd-is-exercise-the-answer
#9
Benjamin D James, Amy V Jones, Ruth E Trethewey, Rachael A Evans
Approximately half of all patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) attending pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programmes are overweight or obese which negatively impacts upon dyspnoea and exercise tolerance particularly when walking. Within the obese population (without COPD), the observed heterogeneity in prognosis is in part explained by the variability in the risk of developing cardiovascular disease or diabetes (cardiometabolic risk) leading to the description of metabolic syndrome. In obesity alone, high-intensity aerobic training can support healthy weight loss and improve the constituent components of metabolic syndrome...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116573/an-evidence-based-framework-for-strengthening-exercises-to-prevent-hamstring-injury
#10
REVIEW
Matthew N Bourne, Ryan G Timmins, David A Opar, Tania Pizzari, Joshua D Ruddy, Casey Sims, Morgan D Williams, Anthony J Shield
Strength training is a valuable component of hamstring strain injury prevention programmes; however, in recent years a significant body of work has emerged to suggest that the acute responses and chronic adaptations to training with different exercises are heterogeneous. Unfortunately, these research findings do not appear to have uniformly influenced clinical guidelines for exercise selection in hamstring injury prevention or rehabilitation programmes. The purpose of this review was to provide the practitioner with an evidence-base from which to prescribe strengthening exercises to mitigate the risk of hamstring injury...
November 7, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114505/examining-and-comparing-the-health-and-performance-indices-of-university-undergraduate-students-according-to-year-of-study-and-gender
#11
Monday Omoniyi Moses, Francis Osei, Eric Juniour Appiah, Agnes Obour, Lady Gwendoline Akwa, Biggie Baffour-Awuah, Benjamin Asamoah, Peter Akwasi Sarpong, Caleb Adams, Rosario D'Onofrio
This study examined and compared, based on year of study and gender, the health and performance indices of university undergraduate students. Eighty-nine students (mean±standard deviation age, 22.47±2.22 years) were randomly selected for assessment prior to second semester examination of 2015/2016 academic year. body mass index, resting metabolic rate, visceral fat, skeletal muscle mass, body fat, systolic & diastolic blood pressure, resting heart rate, upper & lower body endurance, handgrip strength, and lower back and hamstring flexibility were assessed...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110187/outcomes-from-a-community-based-hypertension-educational-programme-the-west-of-ireland-hypertension-study
#12
M Darrat, A Houlihan, I Gibson, M Rabbitt, G Flaherty, F Sharif
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a leading modifiable risk factor for premature cardiovascular disease. Research indicates a growing prevalence of hypertension among adults worldwide, with accompanying low levels of patient knowledge, and sub-optimal clinical management. AIMS: This study aims to explore the impact of a structured hypertension educational intervention on patient knowledge, lifestyle behaviours and blood pressure control. DESIGN: An observational, prospective cohort design was selected...
November 6, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106812/whey-protein-hydrolysate-supplementation-accelerates-recovery-from-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-in-females
#13
Meghan A Brown, Emma J Stevenson, Glyn Howatson
A number of different forms of protein and their analogues have been investigated for their efficacy in ameliorating exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and recovery. Preliminary data regarding whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) supplementation are promising. However, its efficacy beyond acute eccentric/resistance exercise bouts or longer-term training programmes are limited and all investigations have been conducted in male or mixed-sex groups. This study sought to elucidate whether the benefits of WPH previously reported can be demonstrated in females following repeated-sprint exercise...
November 6, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105515/implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-norwegian-ullevaal-model-as-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-in-primary-care
#14
Birgitta Blakstad Nilsson, Pernille Lunde, Inger Holm
PURPOSE: To describe the Norwegian Ullevaal model, customised for cardiac patients in primary care, and to evaluate the feasibility of the model through patient outcomes after the 12 week outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive interventional cohort study with pre-post design. Patients referred to cardiac rehabilitation (n = 273) were enrolled. Group-based high-intensity interval training was offered twice weekly. The primary outcome measure was change in peak oxygen uptake...
November 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105045/modifying-attitude-and-intention-toward-regular-physical-activity-using-protection-motivation-theory-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kamal Mirkarimi, Maryam Eri, Mohammad R Ghanbari, Mohammad J Kabir, Mojtaba Raeisi, Rahman B Ozouni-Davaji, Mohammad Aryaie, Abdurrahman Charkazi
We were guided by the Protection Motivation Theory to test the motivational interviewing effects on attitude and intention of obese and overweight women to do regular physical activity. In a randomized controlled trial, we selected using convenience sampling 60 overweight and obese women attending health centres. The women were allocated to 2 groups of 30 receiving a standard weight-control programme or motivational interviewing. All constructs of the theory (perceived susceptibility, severity, self-efficacy and response efficacy) and all anthropometric characteristics (except body mass index) were significantly different between the groups at 3 study times...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104008/structured-pharmacist-led-intervention-programme-to-improve-medication-adherence-in-copd-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Suhaj Abdulsalim, Mazhuvancherry Kesavan Unnikrishnan, Mohan K Manu, Alian A Alrasheedy, Brian Godman, Donald E Morisky
BACKGROUND: COPD is characterised by a progressive airflow limitation in the lungs. However, adherence to therapy improves management of symptoms and delays disease progression. Therefore, patients' knowledge and awareness about the disease are important. Hence, pharmacist-led educational interventions could achieve this and improve medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist-led intervention on medication adherence in COPD patients in a teaching hospital...
October 26, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102966/effects-of-scalp-electroacupuncture-on-the-pi3k-akt-signalling-pathway-and-apoptosis-of-hippocampal-neurons-in-a-rat-model-of-cerebral-palsy
#17
Hanhong Zhang, Jing Gao, Mengmeng Wang, Xuefeng Yu, Xiuhua Lv, Huan Deng, Xiangwei Fan, Kaiyun Chen
Background Substantial evidence from clinical reports has established that most cerebral palsy (CP) patients benefit from a comprehensive rehabilitation exercise training programme. Such advances are enhanced when scalp electroacupuncture (EA), applied at a location corresponding to the projection of the motor area, is combined with rehabilitation exercise training. However, little information exists regarding the mechanistic basis for these effects.Objective To examine whether EA stimulation within the scalp projection location of the motor area can inhibit apoptosis of hippocampal neurons by regulating the PI3k/Akt signalling pathway in a rat model of CP...
November 4, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101147/protocol-for-the-happy-hearts-study-cardiovascular-screening-for-the-early-detection-of-future-adverse-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-middle-aged-and-older-women-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#18
Kevin F Boreskie, D Scott Kehler, Eduardo C Costa, Pedro C Cortez, Ivan Berkowitz, Naomi C Hamm, Teri L Moffatt, Andrew N Stammers, Dustin E Kimber, Brett M Hiebert, David E Kent, Denise E Cornish, Heather Blewett, Thang Nguyen, Rakesh C Arora, Shaelyn M Strachan, Brittany N Semenchuk, Jacqueline L Hay, Jay N Cohn, Todd A Duhamel
INTRODUCTION: Efforts to identify individuals at a higher risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes focus on traditional risk factors, such as age, sex, smoking status, blood pressure and and cholesterol; however, this approach does not directly assess cardiovascular function and may underestimate the risk of experiencing adverse cardiovascular outcomes in women. This prospective, observational cohort study will examine the ability of the Heart Attack Prevention Program for You (HAPPY) Hearts screening protocol, a series of non-invasive procedures to identify middle-aged and older women who are at an elevated risk for experiencing an adverse cardiovascular event in the 5-year period after screening...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097965/fatigue-and-activity-management-education-for-individuals-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Ruth O'Riordan, Michele Doran, Deirdre Connolly
Background: Fatigue and Activity Management Education (FAME) is a six-week occupational therapy-led programme focusing on fatigue and stress management, exercise, nutrition, and joint protection. Each session consists of education and goal setting. Objectives of Study: To assess the impact of FAME on occupational participation and fatigue management. Methods: Three programmes were facilitated with twenty-one women with SLE. A mixed methods design was used...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094773/availability-of-prostate-cancer-exercise-rehabilitation-resources-and-practice-patterns-in-belgium-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
R Bultijnck, B Van Ruymbeke, S Everaert, H Bagué, E Rammant, S Rimbaut, V Fonteyne, N Lumen, K Decaestecker, P Ost
Exercise is recommended for prostate cancer (PCa) patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy. The goal of the study was to assess the availability of hospital-based rehabilitation resources and national practice patterns for PCa in Belgium. A questionnaire was conducted with rehabilitation physical therapists in all Belgian hospital with urology and rehabilitation departments. Practice patterns were compared with the American College of Sports Medicine guidelines. PCa prevalence data were obtained from the Belgian Cancer Registry and attitude of physicians towards physical activity was documented...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
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