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Exercise programme

Christoph Schulze, Michael Becker, Susanne Finze, Christoph Holtherm, Jens Hinder, Andreas Lison
Occupational health promotion is an effective tool to improve the state of health of employees. As part of occupational health promotion in the German Bundeswehr, top-ranking military executives are offered a medical examination and training programme. Health-related data is collected as a basis for training and lifestyle counselling. This data was subjected to a retrospective evaluation in order to identify occupational risk factors and their correlation with cardiovascular resilience, trunk strength, and the development of orthopaedic and internal disorders...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Thomas M Withers, Sarah Lister, Catherine Sackley, Allan Clark, Toby O Smith
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in physical activity levels before and up to one year after unilateral primary total hip replacement. DATA SOURCES: A search was performed on 13 July 2016. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they presented preoperative and up to one year postoperative measures of physical activity for patients who had undergone unilateral primary total hip replacement. REVIEW METHODS: Any article that used a measure of physical activity pre and up to one year post-unilateral primary total hip replacement...
October 23, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Sarah A Moore, Ruth Da Silva, Madelaine Balaam, Lianne Brkic, Dan Jackson, Dan Jamieson, Thomas Ploetz, Helen Rodgers, Lisa Shaw, Frederike van Wijck, Christopher Price
BACKGROUND: Loss of upper limb function affects up to 85 % of acute stroke patients. Recovery of upper limb function requires regular intensive practise of specific upper limb tasks. To enhance intensity of practice interventions are being developed to encourage patients to undertake self-directed exercise practice. Most interventions do not translate well into everyday activities and stroke patients continue to find it difficult remembering integration of upper limb movements into daily activities...
October 21, 2016: Trials
Joel Rocha, Jenny Paxman, Caroline Dalton, Edward Winter, David R Broom
This study examined effects of 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise on eating behaviour, food cravings, and weekly energy intake and expenditure in inactive men. Eleven healthy men (mean ± SD: age, 26 ± 5 years; body mass index, 24.6 ± 3.8 kg·m(-2); maximum oxygen uptake, 43.1 ± 7.4 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) completed the 12-week supervised exercise programme. Body composition, health markers (e.g., blood pressure), eating behaviour, food cravings, and weekly energy intake and expenditure were assessed before and after the exercise intervention...
July 15, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
F A K Mazari, J A Khan, N Samuel, G Smith, D Carradice, P C McCollum, I C Chetter
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare the long-term outcomes of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), a supervised exercise programme (SEP) and combined treatment (PTA + SEP) in patients with intermittent claudication owing to femoropopliteal disease. METHODS: Patients recruited to an RCT comparing these treatments were invited for long-term follow-up from 2010 to 2011. Indicators of limb ischaemia were recorded (ankle : brachial pressure index (ABPI) and treadmill walking distances)...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
A Buia, F Stockhausen, N Filmann, E Hanisch
PURPOSE: 3D imaging is an upcoming technology in laparoscopic surgery, and recent studies have shown that the modern 3D technique is superior in an experimental setting. METHODS: All 14 members of the Asklepios Klinik Langen Department of Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, as well as two gynaecologists, were asked to undertake 2D vs. 3D laparoscopic black box skill training. The black box training was adapted to the "fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery" programme provided by the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES)...
October 19, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Sintip Pattanakuhar, Anchalee Pongchaidecha, Nipon Chattipakorn, Siriporn C Chattipakorn
Skeletal muscles play important roles in metabolism, energy expenditure, physical strength, and locomotive activity. Skeletal muscle fibre types in the body are heterogeneous. They can be classified as oxidative types and glycolytic types with oxidative-type are fatigue-resistant and use oxidative metabolism, while fibres with glycolytic-type are fatigue-sensitive and prefer glycolytic metabolism. Several studies demonstrated that an obese condition with abnormal metabolic parameters has been negatively correlated with the distribution of oxidative-type skeletal muscle fibres, but positively associated with that of glycolytic-type muscle fibres...
October 15, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Richard S Metcalfe, Nicolas Tardif, Dylan Thompson, Niels B J Vollaard
Previously it has been reported that reduced-exertion high-intensity interval training (REHIT; total training time of 3 × 10 min per week) improves maximal aerobic capacity in both sedentary men and women, but improves insulin sensitivity in men only. The aim of the present study was to determine whether there is a true sex difference in response to REHIT, or that these findings can be explained by the large interindividual variability in response inherent to all exercise training. Thirty-five sedentary participants (18 women; mean ± SD age for men and women, respectively: age, 33 ± 9 and 36 ± 9 years; body mass index, 25...
July 7, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Liying Ying, Xiaomin Chen, Lai Har Wu, Jing Shu, Xiangli Wu, Alice Yuen Loke
PURPOSE: Couples as dyads suffer from the diagnosis of infertility and related treatment. These couples commonly experience emotional and physical pain and tension in their marital lives. The purpose of this study is to report on the process of developing a potentially feasible and effective complex intervention for couples undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment in China. METHODS: The Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for developing and evaluating the complex intervention was adopted to guide the development of the Partnership and Coping Enhancement Programme (PCEP)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Yafit Maza, Efrat Shechter, Neta Pur Eizenberg, Efrat Gortler Segev, Moshe Y Flugelman
BACKGROUND: The physician manager role in the health care system is invaluable as they serve as role models and quality setters. The requirements from physician managers have become more demanding and the role less prestigious; yet burnout and its prevention in this group have received little attention. Physician leadership development programmes have generally dealt directly with skill and knowledge acquisition. The aim of this research was to evaluate an intensive workshop designed to modify attitudes and improve skills of physician-managers of community clinics, through focus on personal well-being and empowerment...
October 14, 2016: BMC Medical Education
S A Buckingham, R S Taylor, K Jolly, A Zawada, S G Dean, A Cowie, R J Norton, H M Dalal
OBJECTIVE: To update the Cochrane review comparing the effects of home-based and supervised centre-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on mortality and morbidity, quality of life, and modifiable cardiac risk factors in patients with heart disease. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched up to October 2014, without language restriction. Randomised trials comparing home-based and centre-based CR programmes in adults with myocardial infarction, angina, heart failure or who had undergone coronary revascularisation were included...
2016: Open Heart
J Durham, M Al-Baghdadi, L Baad-Hansen, M Breckons, J P Goulet, F Lobbezoo, T List, A Michelotti, Nixdorf, C C Peck, K Raphael, E Schiffman, J G Steele, W Story, R Ohrbach
Self-management (SM) programmes are commonly used for initial treatment of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The programmes described in the literature, however, vary widely with no consistency in terminology used, components of care, or their definitions. The aims of this study were, therefore, to: construct an operationalized definition of self-management appropriate for the treatment of patients with TMD; identify the components of that self-management currently being used; create sufficiently clear and non-overlapping standardized definitions for each of those components...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Rifat Atun, Andrew Stokes, Alexander Goehler, Dismand Houinato, Corine Houehanou, Mohamed Msaidie Salimani Hambou, Benjamin Longo Mbenza, Eugène Sobngwi, Naby Balde, Joseph Kibachio Mwangi, Gladwell Gathecha, Paul Waweru Ngugi, C Stanford Wesseh, Albertino Damasceno, Nuno Lunet, Pascal Bovet, Demetre Labadarios, Khangelani Zuma, Mary Mayige, Gibson Kagaruki, Kaushik Ramaiya, Kokou Agoudavi, David Guwatudde, Silver K Bahendeka, Gerald Mutungi, Pascal Geldsetzer, Naomi S Levitt, Joshua A Salomon, John S Yudkin, Sebastian Vollmer, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread recognition that the burden of diabetes is rapidly growing in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, nationally representative estimates of unmet need for diabetes diagnosis and care are in short supply for the region. We use national population-based survey data to quantify diabetes prevalence and met and unmet need for diabetes diagnosis and care in 12 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. We further estimate demographic and economic gradients of met need for diabetes diagnosis and care...
October 7, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Louise A Connell, Naoimh E McMahon, Sarah F Tyson, Caroline L Watkins, Janice J Eng
BACKGROUND: Despite best evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of increased intensity of exercise after stroke, current levels of therapy continue to be below those required to optimise motor recovery. We developed and tested an implementation intervention that aims to increase arm exercise in stroke rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to illustrate the use of a behaviour change framework, the Behaviour Change Wheel, to identify the mechanisms of action that explain how the intervention produced change...
September 30, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
M Weise, E Wolff-Holz
Although biosimilars approved in the European Union have proved to be safe and efficacious, their licensing requirements continue to be disputed by medical professionals. In particular, extrapolation to indications of the originator without one's own clinical data of the biosimilar is controversial. Conceptually, the development of biosimilars is derived from that of generics. However, due to their complexity and inherent variability, considerably more data are necessary for biosimilars to demonstrate comparability with the originator (the reference product) than for the usually low-molecular generics...
October 6, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
S Zhu, S Tse, F Goodyear-Smith, W Yuen, P W Wong
BACKGROUND: Poor physical and mental health in employees can result in a serious loss of productivity. Early detection and management of unhealthy behaviours and mental health symptoms can prevent productivity loss and foster healthy workplaces. AIMS: To examine health-related behaviours, mental health status and help-seeking patterns in employees, across different industries in Hong Kong. METHODS: Participants were telephone-interviewed and assessed using the Case-finding and Help Assessment Tool (CHAT) with employee lifestyle risk factors, mental health issues and help-seeking intentions screened across eight industries...
October 5, 2016: Occupational Medicine
Jennifer M Ryan, Nicola Theis, Cherry Kilbride, Vasilios Baltzopoulos, Charlie Waugh, Adam Shortland, Grace Lavelle, Marika Noorkoiv, Wendy Levin, Thomas Korff
INTRODUCTION: Gait is inefficient in children with cerebral palsy, particularly as they transition to adolescence. Gait inefficiency may be associated with declines in gross motor function and participation among adolescents with cerebral palsy. Resistance training may improve gait efficiency through a number of biomechanical and neural mechanisms. The aim of the Strength Training for Adolescents with cerebral palsy (STAR) trial is to evaluate the effect of resistance training on gait efficiency, activity and participation in adolescents with cerebral palsy...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Open
Catherine Sherrington, Zoe A Michaleff, Nicola Fairhall, Serene S Paul, Anne Tiedemann, Julie Whitney, Robert G Cumming, Robert D Herbert, Jacqueline C T Close, Stephen R Lord
OBJECTIVE: Previous meta-analyses have found that exercise prevents falls in older people. This study aimed to test whether this effect is still present when new trials are added, and it explores whether characteristics of the trial design, sample or intervention are associated with greater fall prevention effects. DESIGN: Update of a systematic review with random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, PEDro and SafetyLit were searched from January 2010 to January 2016...
October 4, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Susan C Slade, Clermont E Dionne, Martin Underwood, Rachelle Buchbinder
Exercise is effective for prevention and management of acute and chronic health conditions. However, trial descriptions of exercise interventions are often suboptimal, leaving readers unclear about the content of effective programmes. To address this, the 16-item internationally endorsed Consensus on Exercise Reporting Template (CERT) was developed. The aim is to present the final template and provide an Explanation and Elaboration Statement to operationalise the CERT. Development of the CERT was based on the EQUATOR Network methodological framework for developing reporting guidelines...
October 5, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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