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Stéphane Grauzam, Amanda M Brock, Casey O Holmes, Jessica A Tiedeken, Samantha G Boniface, Bailey N Pierson, Daniel G Patterson, Sonya D Coaxum, David M Neskey, Steven A Rosenzweig
Neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 9 (NEDD9) is a component of the metastatic signatures of melanoma, breast cancer, glioblastoma, lung cancer and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Here we tested the efficacy of NEDD9's domains in stimulating matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) secretion and invadopodia formation in cells stably expressing various NEDD9 mutants. Replacement of the 13 YxxP motif substrate domain (SD) tyrosines and the C-terminal Y629 with phenylalanines (F14NEDD9) eliminated tyrosine phosphorylation, MMP9 secretion and loss of invadopodia formation...
May 22, 2018: Oncotarget
Miguel Hernández-González, Ignacio Bravo-Plaza, Mario Pinar, Vivian de Los Ríos, Herbert N Arst, Miguel A Peñalva
Intracellular traffic in Aspergillus nidulans hyphae must cope with the challenges that the high rates of apical extension (1μm/min) and the long intracellular distances (>100 μm) impose. Understanding the ways in which the hyphal tip cell coordinates traffic to meet these challenges is of basic importance, but is also of considerable applied interest, as fungal invasiveness of animals and plants depends critically upon maintaining these high rates of growth. Rapid apical extension requires localization of cell-wall-modifying enzymes to hyphal tips...
April 2018: PLoS Genetics
Guillaume Kulakowski, Hugo Bousquet, Jean-Baptiste Manneville, Patricia Bassereau, Bruno Goud, Lena K Oesterlin
Specific intracellular localization of RAB GTPases has been reported to be dependent on protein factors, but the contribution of the membrane physicochemical properties to this process has been poorly described. Here, we show that three RAB proteins (RAB1/RAB5/RAB6) preferentially bind in vitro to disordered and curved membranes, and that this feature is uniquely dependent on their prenyl group. Our results imply that the addition of a prenyl group confers to RAB proteins, and most probably also to other prenylated proteins, the ability to sense lipid packing defects induced by unsaturated conical-shaped lipids and curvature...
March 23, 2018: Traffic
Jean-Marie Carpier, Andres E Zucchetti, Laurence Bataille, Stéphanie Dogniaux, Massiullah Shafaq-Zadah, Sabine Bardin, Marco Lucchino, Mathieu Maurin, Leonel D Joannas, Joao Gamelas Magalhaes, Ludger Johannes, Thierry Galli, Bruno Goud, Claire Hivroz
The adapter molecule linker for activation of T cells (LAT) orchestrates the formation of signalosomes upon T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation. LAT is present in different intracellular pools and is dynamically recruited to the immune synapse upon stimulation. However, the intracellular traffic of LAT and its function in T lymphocyte activation are ill defined. We show herein that LAT, once internalized, transits through the Golgi-trans-Golgi network (TGN), where it is repolarized to the immune synapse. This retrograde transport of LAT depends on the small GTPase Rab6 and the target soluble N -ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (t-SNARE) Syntaxin-16, two regulators of the endosome-to-Golgi/TGN retrograde transport...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Lawei Yang, Ziying Lin, Yahong Wang, Shenglan Gao, Qinglan Li, Chunyan Li, Wenya Xu, Jie Chen, Tie Liu, Zeqing Song, Gang Liu
Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is the most commonly used treatment regimen for lung cancer. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are postulated to be important promoters of drug resistance. We previously found that miR-5100 is overexpressed in lung cancer, but it is unknown whether and how miR-5100 regulates cisplatin resistance. Here, we demonstrated that miR-5100 was significantly up-regulated in CD44+ CD133+ lung cancer stem cells (LCSCs) compared with non-CSCs. Additionally, over-expression of miR-5100 increased CSC properties, cell growth, and tumor sphere formation in lung cancer cell line A549 or H1299, and that miR-5100 inhibitor significantly increased sensitivity of LCSCs to cisplatin in vitro...
March 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Stéphanie Miserey-Lenkei, Hugo Bousquet, Olena Pylypenko, Sabine Bardin, Ariane Dimitrov, Gaëlle Bressanelli, Raja Bonifay, Vincent Fraisier, Catherine Guillou, Cécile Bougeret, Anne Houdusse, Arnaud Echard, Bruno Goud
The actin and microtubule cytoskeletons play important roles in Golgi structure and function, but how they are connected remain poorly known. In this study, we investigated whether RAB6 GTPase, a Golgi-associated RAB involved in the regulation of several transport steps at the Golgi level, and two of its effectors, Myosin IIA and KIF20A participate in the coupling between actin and microtubule cytoskeleton. We have previously shown that RAB6-Myosin IIA interaction is critical for the fission of RAB6-positive transport carriers from Golgi/TGN membranes...
November 1, 2017: Nature Communications
Rohan Wakade, Hayet Labbaoui, Danièle Stalder, Robert A Arkowitz, Martine Bassilana
Virulence of the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans depends on the switch from budding to filamentous growth. Deletion of the Arf GTPase Arl1 results in hyphae that are shorter as well as reduced virulence. How Arl1 is regulated during hyphal growth, a process characteristic of filamentous fungi, yet absent in S. cerevisiae, is unknown. Here, we investigated the importance of the Rab6 homolog, Ypt6, in Arl1-dependent hyphal growth and determined that YPT6 overexpression specifically rescued the hyphal growth defect of an arl1 mutant, but not the converse...
September 29, 2017: Small GTPases
Tomohide Uno, Masayuki Furutani, Katsuhiko Sakamoto, Yuichi Uno, Kengo Kanamaru, Akira Mizoguchi, Susumu Hiragaki, Makio Takeda
Rab proteins are small monomeric GTPases/GTP-binding proteins, which form the largest branch of the Ras superfamily. The different Rab GTPases are localized to the cytosolic face of specific intracellular membranes, where they function as regulators of distinct steps in membrane trafficking. RabX4 is an insect-specific Rab protein that has no close homolog in vertebrates. There is little information about insect-specific Rab proteins. RabX4 was expressed in Escherichia coli and subsequently purified. Antibodies against Bombyx mori RabX4 were produced in rabbits for western immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry...
September 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Anand Patwardhan, Sabine Bardin, Stéphanie Miserey-Lenkei, Lionel Larue, Bruno Goud, Graça Raposo, Cédric Delevoye
Exocytic carriers convey neo-synthesized components from the Golgi apparatus to the cell surface. While the release and anterograde movement of Golgi-derived vesicles require the small GTPase RAB6, its effector ELKS promotes the targeting and docking of secretory vesicles to particular areas of the plasma membrane. Here, we show that specialized cell types exploit and divert the secretory pathway towards lysosome related organelles. In cultured melanocytes, the secretory route relies on RAB6 and ELKS to directly transport and dock Golgi-derived carriers to melanosomes...
June 13, 2017: Nature Communications
Satoshi Shibata, Yui Teshima, Kenta Niimi, Shinobu Inagaki
Small GTPases play crucial roles in the maintenance of a homeostatic environment and appropriate movements of the cell. In these processes, the direct or indirect interaction between distinct small GTPases could be required for regulating mutual signaling pathways. In our recent study, ARHGEF10, known as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for RhoA, was indicated to interact with Rab6A and Rab8A, which are known to function in the exocytotic pathway, and colocalized with these Rabs at exocytotic vesicles...
April 27, 2017: Small GTPases
S Balasubramaniam, L G Riley, D Bratkovic, D Ketteridge, N Manton, M J Cowley, V Gayevskiy, T Roscioli, M Mohamed, T Gardeitchik, E Morava, J Christodoulou
Clinical finding of cutis laxa, characterized by wrinkled, redundant, sagging, nonelastic skin, is of growing significance due to its occurrence in several different inborn errors of metabolism (IEM). Metabolic cutis laxa results from Menkes syndrome, caused by a defect in the ATPase copper transporting alpha (ATP7A) gene; congenital disorders of glycosylation due to mutations in subunit 7 of the component of oligomeric Golgi (COG7)-congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) complex; combined disorder of N- and O-linked glycosylation, due to mutations in ATPase H+ transporting V0 subunit a2 (ATP6VOA2) gene; pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1 deficiency; pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase deficiency; macrocephaly, alopecia, cutis laxa, and scoliosis (MACS) syndrome, due to Ras and Rab interactor 2 (RIN2) mutations; transaldolase deficiency caused by mutations in the transaldolase 1 (TALDO1) gene; Gerodermia osteodysplastica due to mutations in the golgin, RAB6-interacting (GORAB or SCYL1BP1) gene; and mitogen-activated pathway (MAP) kinase defects, caused by mutations in several genes [protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor-type 11 (PTPN11), RAF, NF, HRas proto-oncogene, GTPase (HRAS), B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase (BRAF), MEK1/2, KRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase (KRAS), SOS Ras/Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2 (SOS2), leucine rich repeat scaffold protein (SHOC2), NRAS proto-oncogene, GTPase (NRAS), and Raf-1 proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase (RAF1)], which regulate the Ras-MAPK cascade...
September 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Indira Singh Chauhan, Rantidev Shukla, Shagun Krishna, Savita Sekhri, Umesh Kaushik, Sabitha Baby, Chiranjib Pal, Mohammad Imran Siddiqi, Shyam Sundar, Neeloo Singh
Rab proteins form the largest branch of the Ras superfamily. Rab proteins are key regulators of intracellular vesicular transport and membrane trafficking. Although RabGTPases are well-recognized targets in human diseases but are under-explored therapeutically in the Leishmania parasite. Using a quantitative cytofluorimetric assay, we analyzed the composition and organization of Rab6GTPase protein which was found to be primarily localized on the parasite subpellicular membrane and flagellum due to its association with kinesin motor proteins in the cytoskeletal microtubules...
November 2016: Experimental Parasitology
Takunori Satoh, Yuri Nakamura, Akiko K Satoh
SNAREs (SNAP receptors) are the key components of protein complexes that drive membrane fusion. Here, we report the function of a SNARE, Syntaxin 5 (Syx5), in the development of photoreceptors in Drosophila In wild-type photoreceptors, Syx5 localizes to cis-Golgi, along with cis-Golgi markers: Rab1 and GM130. We observed that Syx5-deficient photoreceptors show notable accumulation of these cis-Golgi markers accompanying drastic accumulation of vesicles between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi cisternae...
October 15, 2016: Biology Open
Satoshi Shibata, Tsubasa Kawanai, Takayuki Hara, Asuka Yamamoto, Taro Chaya, Yasunori Tokuhara, Chinami Tsuji, Manabu Sakai, Taro Tachibana, Shinobu Inagaki
The function of ARHGEF10, a known guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for RhoA with proposed roles in various diseases, is poorly understood. To understand the precise function of this protein, we raised a monoclonal antibody against ARHGEF10 and determined its localization in HeLa cells. ARHGEF10 was found to localize to vesicles containing Rab6 (of which there are three isoforms, Rab6a, Rab6b and Rab6c), Rab8 (of which there are two isoforms, Rab8a and Rab8b), and/or the secretion marker neuropeptide Y (NPY)-Venus in a Rab6-dependent manner...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
Shizuka Kobayashi, Yamato Hida, Hiroyoshi Ishizaki, Eiji Inoue, Miki Tanaka-Okamoto, Miwako Yamasaki, Taisuke Miyazaki, Masahiro Fukaya, Isao Kitajima, Yoshimi Takai, Masahiko Watanabe, Toshihisa Ohtsuka, Toshiya Manabe
Synaptic efficacy is determined by various factors, including the quantal size, which is dependent on the amount of neurotransmitters in synaptic vesicles at the presynaptic terminal. It is essential for stable synaptic transmission that the quantal size is kept within a constant range and that synaptic efficacy during and after repetitive synaptic activation is maintained by replenishing release sites with synaptic vesicles. However, the mechanisms for these fundamental properties have still been undetermined...
September 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Stephen M Ostrowski, Kachael Johnson, Matthew Siefert, Sam Shank, Luigi Sironi, Benjamin Wolozin, Gary E Landreth, Assem G Ziady
Evidence suggests that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, or statins, may reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Statin action in patients with AD, as in those with heart disease, is likely to be at least partly independent of the effects of statins on cholesterol. Statins can alter cellular signaling and protein trafficking through inhibition of isoprenylation of Rho, Cdc42, and Rab family GTPases. The effects of statins on protein isoprenylation in vivo, particularly in the central nervous system, are poorly studied...
August 4, 2016: Neuroscience
Sufang Yang, Alexander Dizhoor, David J Wilson, Grazyna Adamus
PURPOSE: Autoantibodies (AAbs) with different retinal specificities were reported in cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) and autoimmune retinopathy (AR). The goal was to identify the small retinal proteins of apparent molecular mass of 23-kDa often recognized by patients' AAbs. METHODS: Sera specific for a 23-kDa retinal protein of 173 patients were investigated retrospectively by Western blotting and double immunofluorescence confocal microscopy. A proteomic analysis revealed new 23-kDa protein candidates, including guanylyl cyclase-activating proteins (GCAPs), heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), and Rab6A GTPase (Rab6A)...
May 2016: Translational Vision Science & Technology
Takunori Satoh, Yuri Nakamura, Akiko K Satoh
Selective membrane transport pathways are essential for cells in situ to construct and maintain a polarized structure comprising multiple plasma membrane domains, which is essential for their specific cellular functions. Genetic screening in Drosophila photoreceptors harboring multiple plasma membrane domains enables the identification of genes involved in polarized transport pathways. Our genome-wide high-throughput screening identified a Rab6-null mutant with a rare phenotype characterized by a loss of 2 apical transport pathways with an intact basolateral transport...
July 2, 2016: Fly
Melanie J Harriff, Elham Karamooz, Ansen Burr, Wilmon F Grant, Elizabeth T Canfield, Michelle L Sorensen, Luis F Moita, David M Lewinsohn
Mucosal-Associated Invariant T (MAIT) cells, present in high frequency in airway and other mucosal tissues, have Th1 effector capacity positioning them to play a critical role in the early immune response to intracellular pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). MR1 is a highly conserved Class I-like molecule that presents vitamin B metabolites to MAIT cells. The mechanisms for loading these ubiquitous small molecules are likely to be tightly regulated to prevent inappropriate MAIT cell activation...
March 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Rujun Ma, Jiaqi Zhang, Xiaohui Liu, Ling Li, Honglin Liu, Rong Rui, Ling Gu, Qiang Wang
Rab GTPases have been reported to define the identity and transport routes of vesicles. Rab6 is one of the most extensively studied Rab proteins involved in regulating organelle trafficking and integrity maintenance. However, to date, the function of Rab6 in mammalian oocytes has not been addressed. Here we report severe disorganization of endoplasmic reticulum upon specific knockdown of Rab6a in mouse oocytes. In line with this finding, intracellular Ca(2+) stores are accordingly reduced in Rab6a-depleted oocytes...
March 31, 2016: Scientific Reports
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