keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Apical ezrin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754689/direct-interaction-of-ezrin-and-aqp2-and-its-role-in-aqp2-trafficking
#1
Wei Li, William W Jin, Kenji Tsuji, Ying Chen, Naohiro Nomura, Limin Su, Naofumi Yui, Julian Arthur, Susanna Cotecchia, Teodor G Păunescu, Dennis Brown, Hua A J Lu
The water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP2) is a major regulator of water homeostasis in response to vasopressin (VP). Dynamic trafficking of AQP2 relies on its close interaction with trafficking machinery proteins and the actin cytoskeleton. Here, we report the identification of ezrin, an actin binding protein from the ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) family as an AQP2 interacting protein. Ezrin was first detected in a co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP) complex using an anti-AQP2 antibody by proteomic analysis. Immunofluorescence staining revealed the co-expression of ezrin and AQP2 in collecting duct principal cells, and VP treatment caused redistribution of both proteins to the apical membrane...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684865/dynamic-relocalization-of-nherf1-mediates-chemotactic-migration-of-ovarian-cancer-cells-toward-lysophosphatidic-acid-stimulation
#2
Yong-Seok Oh, Kyun Heo, Eung-Kyun Kim, Jin-Hyeok Jang, Sun Sik Bae, Jong Bae Park, Yun Hee Kim, Minseok Song, Sang Ryong Kim, Sung Ho Ryu, In-Hoo Kim, Pann-Ghill Suh
NHERF1/EBP50 (Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulating factor 1; Ezrin-binding phosphoprotein of 50 kDa) organizes stable protein complexes beneath the apical membrane of polar epithelial cells. By contrast, in cancer cells without any fixed polarity, NHERF1 often localizes in the cytoplasm. The regulation of cytoplasmic NHERF1 and its role in cancer progression remain unclear. In this study, we found that, upon lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) stimulation, cytoplasmic NHERF1 rapidly translocated to the plasma membrane, and subsequently to cortical protrusion structures, of ovarian cancer cells...
July 7, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493957/ezrin-interacts-with-s100a4-via-both-its-n-and-c-terminal-domains
#3
Beáta Biri-Kovács, Bence Kiss, Henrietta Vadászi, Gergő Gógl, Gyula Pálfy, György Török, László Homolya, Andrea Bodor, László Nyitray
Ezrin belongs to the ERM (ezrin, radixin, moesin) protein family that has a role in cell morphology changes, adhesion and migration as an organizer of the cortical cytoskeleton by linking actin filaments to the apical membrane of epithelial cells. It is highly expressed in a variety of human cancers and promotes metastasis. Members of the Ca2+-binding EF-hand containing S100 proteins have similar pathological properties; they are overexpressed in cancer cells and involved in metastatic processes. In this study, using tryptophan fluorescence and stopped-flow kinetics, we show that S100A4 binds to the N-terminal ERM domain (N-ERMAD) of ezrin with a micromolar affinity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430576/ezrin-activation-by-lok-phosphorylation-involves-a-pip2-dependent-wedge-mechanism
#4
Thaher Pelaseyed, Cécile Sauvanet, Raghuvir Viswanatha, Joshua J Filter, Michael L Goldberg, Anthony Bretscher
How cells specify morphologically distinct plasma membrane domains is poorly understood. Prior work has shown that restriction of microvilli to the apical aspect of epithelial cells requires the localized activation of the membrane-F-actin linking protein ezrin. Using an in vitro system, we now define a multi-step process whereby the kinase LOK specifically phosphorylates ezrin to activate it. Binding of PIP2 to ezrin induces a conformational change permitting the insertion of the LOK C-terminal domain to wedge apart the membrane and F-actin-binding domains of ezrin...
April 21, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396819/rab11-fip1-phosphorylation-by-mark2-regulates-polarity-in-mdck-cells
#5
Rebecca McRae, Lynne A Lapierre, Elizabeth H Manning, James R Goldenring
MARK2/Par1b/EMK1, a serine/threonine kinase, is required for correct apical/basolateral membrane polarization in epithelial cells. However, the specific substrates mediating MARK2 action are less well understood. We have now found that MARK2 phosphorylates Rab11-FIP1B/C at serine 234 in a consensus site similar to that previously identified in Rab11-FIP2. In MDCK cells undergoing repolarization after a calcium switch, antibodies specific for pS234-Rab11-FIP1 or pS227-Rab11-FIP2 demonstrate that the spatial and temporal activation of Rab11-FIP1 phosphorylation is distinct from that for Rab11-FIP2...
2017: Cellular Logistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068322/role-of-the-pdz-scaffold-protein-nherf1-ebp50-in-cancer-biology-from-signaling-regulation-to-clinical-relevance
#6
REVIEW
J Vaquero, T H Nguyen Ho-Bouldoires, A Clapéron, L Fouassier
The transmission of cellular information requires fine and subtle regulation of proteins that need to interact in a coordinated and specific way to form efficient signaling networks. The spatial and temporal coordination relies on scaffold proteins. Thanks to protein interaction domains such as PDZ domains, scaffold proteins organize multiprotein complexes enabling the proper transmission of cellular information through intracellular networks. NHERF1/EBP50 is a PDZ-scaffold protein that was initially identified as an organizer and regulator of transporters and channels at the apical side of epithelia through actin-binding ezrin-moesin-radixin proteins...
June 1, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825102/microvillar-injury-in-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-induced-by-calcium-oxalate-crystal-and-the-protective-role-of-epigallocatechin-3-gallate
#7
Kedsarin Fong-Ngern, Arada Vinaiphat, Visith Thongboonkerd
Pathogenic mechanisms of kidney stone disease remained unclear. This study investigated its initial cellular/molecular mechanisms when calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystal adhered to renal tubular cells. Transmission electron microscopy revealed decreased length and density of microvilli, whereas Western blot analysis showed that whole-cell ezrin (a microvillus-stabilizing protein), not β-actin, was decreased in COM-treated cells. Immunofluorescence staining, followed by laser-scanning confocal microscopy and subcellular fractionations, revealed decreases in both ezrin and F-/β-actin at apical membrane...
January 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823775/similar-expression-pattern-of-nherf1-and-ezrin-in-papillary-but-not-in-solid-areas-of-human-serous-ovarian-carcinomas
#8
Brenda Demacopulo, Baltazar Eduardo Lema, Rómulo Luis Cabrini, Erica Lorena Kreimann
NHERF1 is an adaptor protein expressed in the apical membrane of polarized epithelia, which interacts with the EZRIN-Radixin-Moesin (ERM) family of proteins connecting signaling pathways to the cell cytoskeleton. NHERF1 and EZRIN cooperate in the maintenance of the apical microvilli in polarized epithelial cells. In several types of cancers, NHERF1 and EZRIN are displaced from the apical compartment to the cytoplasm and nuclei of cancer cells. At the present, the distribution of NHERF1 in ovarian tumors is not well known...
October 2016: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761583/several-adaptor-proteins-promote-intracellular-localisation-of-the-transporter-mrp4-abcc4-in-platelets-and-haematopoietic-cells
#9
Yvonne Schaletzki, Marie-Luise Kromrey, Susanne Bröderdorf, Elke Hammer, Markus Grube, Paul Hagen, Sonja Sucic, Michael Freissmuth, Uwe Völker, Andreas Greinacher, Bernhard H Rauch, Heyo K Kroemer, Gabriele Jedlitschky
The multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4/ABCC4) has been identified as an important transporter for signalling molecules including cyclic nucleotides and several lipid mediators in platelets and may thus represent a novel target to interfere with platelet function. Besides its localisation in the plasma membrane, MRP4 has been also detected in the membrane of dense granules in resting platelets. In polarised cells it is localised at the basolateral or apical plasma membrane. To date, the mechanism of MRP4 trafficking has not been elucidated; protein interactions may regulate both the localisation and function of this transporter...
October 20, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603725/anatomical-and-gene-expression-changes-in-the-retinal-pigmented-epithelium-atrophy-1-rpea1-mouse-a-potential-model-of-serous-retinal-detachment
#10
Gabriel Luna, Geoffrey P Lewis, Kenneth A Linberg, Bo Chang, Quiri Hu, Peter J Munson, Arvydas Maminishkis, Sheldon S Miller, Steven K Fisher
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the rpea1 mouse whose retina spontaneously detaches from the underlying RPE as a potential model for studying the cellular effects of serous retinal detachment (SRD). METHODS: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed immediately prior to euthanasia; retinal tissue was subsequently prepared for Western blotting, microarray analysis, immunocytochemistry, and light and electron microscopy (LM, EM). RESULTS: By postnatal day (P) 30, OCT, LM, and EM revealed the presence of small shallow detachments that increased in number and size over time...
September 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581796/ezrin-and-hnrnp-expression-correlate-with-increased-virus-release-rate-and-early-onset-of-virus-induced-apoptosis-of-mdck-suspension-cells
#11
Sabine Kluge, Yvonne Genzel, Kim Laus, Anja Serve, Antje Pflugmacher, Britta Peschel, Erdmann Rapp, Udo Reichl
With the aim to adapt high-yield adherent cell lines to suspension growth, Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) suspension cells were developed recently that achieved comparable influenza virus yields despite an early induction of apoptosis compared to the parental adherent cell line. For both cell lines, a comprehensive study under comparable infection conditions is performed comprising information on: time course of viral infection, antiviral state of cells, virus-induced apoptosis, and virus-induced cellular protein expression for early and late infection with influenza A/PuertoRico/8/34 H1N1...
October 2016: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542690/role-of-cd34-family-members-in-lumen-formation-in-the-developing-kidney
#12
Zhufeng Yang, Susan E Zimmerman, Jun Tsunezumi, Caitlin Braitsch, Cary Trent, David M Bryant, Ondine Cleaver, Consuelo González-Manchón, Denise K Marciano
Previous studies have shown CD34 family member Podocalyxin is required for epithelial lumen formation in vitro. We demonstrate that Endoglycan, a CD34 family member with homology to Podocalyxin, is produced prior to lumen formation in developing nephrons. Endoglycan localizes to Rab11-containing vesicles in nephron progenitors, and then relocalizes to the apical surface as progenitors epithelialize. Once an apical/luminal surface is formed, Endoglycan (and the actin-binding protein Ezrin) localize to large, intraluminal structures that may be vesicles/exosomes...
October 1, 2016: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401686/the-joubert-syndrome-protein-inpp5e-controls-ciliogenesis-by-regulating-phosphoinositides-at-the-apical-membrane
#13
Wenyan Xu, Miaomiao Jin, Ruikun Hu, Hong Wang, Fan Zhang, Shiaulou Yuan, Ying Cao
Phosphoinositides, a family of phosphorylated derivatives of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), are tightly regulated both temporally and spatially by PtdIns phosphatases and kinases. Mutations in inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase E (INPP5E) cause Joubert syndrome, a human disorder associated with numerous ciliopathic defects, including renal cyst formation, linking phosphoinositides to ciliopathies. However, the molecular mechanism by which INPP5E-mediated PtdIns signaling regulates ciliogenesis and cystogenesis is unclear...
January 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312576/prkci-is-required-for-a-non-autonomous-signal-that-coordinates-cell-polarity-during-cavitation
#14
In Kyoung Mah, Rachel Soloff, Audrey K Izuhara, Daniel L Lakeland, Charles Wang, Francesca V Mariani
Polarized epithelia define boundaries, spaces, and cavities within organisms. Cavitation, a process by which multicellular hollow balls or tubes are produced, is typically associated with the formation of organized epithelia. In order for these epithelial layers to form, cells must ultimately establish a distinct apical-basal polarity. Atypical PKCs have been proposed to be required for apical-basal polarity in diverse species. Here we show that while cells null for the Prkci isozyme exhibit some polarity characteristics, they fail to properly segregate apical-basal proteins, form a coordinated ectodermal epithelium, or participate in normal cavitation...
August 1, 2016: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229317/nherf1-ebp50-and-nf2-as-diagnostic-markers-for-choroid-plexus-tumors
#15
Maria-Magdalena Georgescu, Bret C Mobley, Brent A Orr, Ping Shang, Norman L Lehman, Xiaoping Zhu, Thomas J O'Neill, Veena Rajaram, Kimmo J Hatanpaa, Charles F Timmons, Jack M Raisanen
The adaptor protein NHERF1 (Na/H exchanger-3 regulatory factor-1) and its associated ezrin-radixin-moesin-merlin/neurofibromin-2 (ERM-NF2) family proteins are required for epithelial morphogenesis and have been implicated in cancer progression. NHERF1 is expressed in ependymal cells and constitutes a highly sensitive diagnostic marker for ependymoma, where it labels membrane polarity structures. Since NHERF1 and ERM-NF2 proteins show polarized expression in choroid plexus (CP) cells, we tested their diagnostic utility in CP neoplasms...
May 27, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210106/secretory-cells-in-honeybee-hypopharyngeal-gland-polarized-organization-and-age-dependent-dynamics-of-plasma-membrane
#16
Katharina Natalia Richter, Daniel Rolke, Wolfgang Blenau, Otto Baumann
The honeybee hypopharyngeal gland consists in numerous units, each comprising a secretory cell and a canal cell. The secretory cell discharges its products into a convoluted tubular membrane system, the canaliculus, which is surrounded at regular intervals by rings of actin filaments. Using probes for various membrane components, we analyze the organization of the secretory cells relative to the apicobasal configuration of epithelial cells. The canaliculus was defined by labeling with an antibody against phosphorylated ezrin/radixin/moesin (pERM), a marker protein for the apical membrane domain of epithelial cells...
October 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190314/crumbs-3b-promotes-tight-junctions-in-an-ezrin-dependent-manner-in-mammalian-cells
#17
Andrew M Tilston-Lünel, Kathryn E Haley, Nicolas F Schlecht, Yanhua Wang, Abigail L D Chatterton, Susana Moleirinho, Ailsa Watson, Harinder S Hundal, Michael B Prystowsky, Frank J Gunn-Moore, Paul A Reynolds
Crumbs 3 (CRB3) is a component of epithelial junctions that has been implicated in apical-basal polarity, apical identity, apical stability, cell adhesion, and cell growth. CRB3 undergoes alternative splicing to yield two variants: CRB3a and CRB3b. Here, we describe novel data demonstrating that as with previous studies on CRB3a, CRB3b also promotes the formation of tight junctions (TJs). However, significantly we demonstrate that the 4.1-ezrin-radixin-moesin (FERM)-binding motif (FBM) of CRB3b is required for CRB3b functionality and that ezrin binds to the FBM of CRB3b...
April 18, 2016: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26823603/correctors-of-mutant-cftr-enhance-subcortical-camp-pka-signaling-through-modulating-ezrin-phosphorylation-and-cytoskeleton-organization
#18
Anna C Abbattiscianni, Maria Favia, Maria T Mancini, Rosa A Cardone, Lorenzo Guerra, Stefania Monterisi, Stefano Castellani, Onofrio Laselva, Francesca Di Sole, Massimo Conese, Manuela Zaccolo, Valeria Casavola
The most common mutation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene, F508del, produces a misfolded protein resulting in its defective trafficking to the cell surface and an impaired chloride secretion. Pharmacological treatments partially rescue F508del CFTR activity either directly by interacting with the mutant protein and/or indirectly by altering the cellular protein homeostasis. Here, we show that the phosphorylation of ezrin together with its binding to phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) tethers the F508del CFTR to the actin cytoskeleton, stabilizing it on the apical membrane and rescuing the sub-membrane compartmentalization of cAMP and activated PKA...
March 15, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26626176/lumen-formation-is-an-intrinsic-property-of-isolated-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#19
Kenichiro Taniguchi, Yue Shao, Ryan F Townshend, Yu-Hwai Tsai, Cynthia J DeLong, Shawn A Lopez, Srimonta Gayen, Andrew M Freddo, Deming J Chue, Dennis J Thomas, Jason R Spence, Benjamin Margolis, Sundeep Kalantry, Jianping Fu, K Sue O'Shea, Deborah L Gumucio
We demonstrate that dissociated human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are intrinsically programmed to form lumens. PSCs form two-cell cysts with a shared apical domain within 20 hr of plating; these cysts collapse to form monolayers after 5 days. Expression of pluripotency markers is maintained throughout this time. In two-cell cysts, an apical domain, marked by EZRIN and atypical PKCζ, is surrounded by apically targeted organelles (early endosomes and Golgi). Molecularly, actin polymerization, regulated by ARP2/3 and mammalian diaphanous-related formin 1 (MDIA), promotes lumen formation, whereas actin contraction, mediated by MYOSIN-II, inhibits this process...
December 8, 2015: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26566117/structure-regulation-and-functional-diversity-of-microvilli-on-the-apical-domain-of-epithelial-cells
#20
REVIEW
Cécile Sauvanet, Jessica Wayt, Thaher Pelaseyed, Anthony Bretscher
Microvilli are actin-based structures found on the apical aspect of many epithelial cells. In this review, we discuss different types of microvilli, as well as comparisons with actin-based sensory stereocilia and filopodia. Much is known about the actin-bundling proteins of these structures; we summarize recent studies that focus on the components of the microvillar membrane. We pay special attention to mechanisms of membrane microfilament attachment by the ezrin/radixin/moesin family and regulation of this protein family...
2015: Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology
keyword
keyword
14302
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"