keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

violence against women

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776796/-stalking-from-romantic-pursuit-to-sexual-predation
#1
Virginie Cailleau, Ghina Harika-Germaneau, Alexia Delbreil, Nematollah Jaafari
Deriving from the English verb "to stalk", stalking denotes an unwelcome, repetitive, and intrusive harassing and/or threatening behavior directed toward a specific individual, and can result in physical and/or sexual offending - even leading to homicide. French harassment legislation has evolved over the years, and the last law closest to the international anti-stalking laws had been promulgated in 2014. According to a review, up to 16% of women and 7% of men are stalked in their life, and 80% of the stalkers are known to their victims...
May 15, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772278/zika-virus-incidence-preventive-and-reproductive-behaviors-correlates-from-new-survey-data
#2
Climent Quintana-Domeque, José Raimundo Carvalho, Victor Hugo de Oliveira
During the outbreak of the Zika virus, Brazilian health authorities recommended that pregnant women take meticulous precaution to avoid mosquito bites and that women in general use contraceptive methods to postpone/delay pregnancies. In this article, we present new estimates on the Zika virus incidence, its correlates and preventive behaviors in the Northeast of Brazil, where the outbreak initiated, using survey data collected between March 30th and June 3rd of 2016. The target population were women aged 15-49 in the capital cities of the nine states of the Northeast region of Brazil...
May 1, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771615/risk-and-protective-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-prospective-longitudinal-studies
#3
Alexa R Yakubovich, Heidi Stöckl, Joseph Murray, G J Melendez-Torres, Janina I Steinert, Calla E Y Glavin, David K Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The estimated lifetime prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is 30% among women worldwide. Understanding risk and protective factors is essential for designing effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the associations between prospective-longitudinal risk and protective factors and IPV and identify evidence gaps. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in 16 databases including MEDLINE and PsycINFO from inception to June 2016...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768621/sexual-violence-against-women-and-care-in-the-health-sector-in-santa-catarina-brazil
#4
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Elza Berger Salema Coelho, Eleonora d'Orsi, Sheila Rubia Lindner
This is a study on sexual violence against women in the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina notified to the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) in the period 20082013. It aimed to estimate pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) resulting from sexual violence and to test the association between pregnancy, STIs and care provided in health services. In total, 1,230 pregnancy notifications and 1.316 STI notifications were analyzed. Variables were age, schooling, time to receive care, STI prophylaxis, emergency contraception, number of perpetrators and recurrent violence, which were analyzed using proportions and 95% confidence intervals...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767281/hiv-risk-among-displaced-adolescent-girls-in-ethiopia-the-role-of-gender-attitudes-and-self-esteem
#5
Laura Gauer Bermudez, Gary Yu, Lily Lu, Kathryn Falb, Jennate Eoomkham, Gizman Abdella, Lindsay Stark
Adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa have been deemed one of the most critical populations to address in the campaign for an HIV-free generation. Experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV), harmful gender norms, diminished personal agency, and age-disparate sex have been identified as factors in the increasing rate of new infections among this population. Using baseline data from a cluster-randomized controlled trial in three refugee camps in Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State in Ethiopia, our study quantitatively examined the associations between HIV risk factors, attitudes on gender inequality, IPV acceptability, and self-esteem for female adolescent refugees primarily from Sudan and South Sudan (n = 919)...
May 16, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751754/examining-diffusion-to-understand-the-how-of-sasa-a-violence-against-women-and-hiv-prevention-intervention-in-uganda
#6
Elizabeth Starmann, Lori Heise, Nambusi Kyegombe, Karen Devries, Tanya Abramsky, Lori Michau, Tina Musuya, Charlotte Watts, Martine Collumbien
BACKGROUND: A growing number of complex public health interventions combine mass media with community-based "change agents" and/or mobilisation efforts acting at multiple levels. While impact evaluations are important, there is a paucity of research into the more nuanced roles intervention and social network factors may play in achieving intervention outcomes, making it difficult to understand how different aspects of the intervention worked (or did not). This study applied aspects of diffusion of innovations theory to explore how SASA!, a community mobilisation approach for preventing HIV and violence against women, diffused within intervention communities and the factors that influenced the uptake of new ideas and behaviours around intimate partner relationships and violence...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748899/implementing-a-coach-delivered-dating-violence-prevention-program-with-high-school-athletes
#7
Maria Catrina D Jaime, Heather L McCauley, Daniel J Tancredi, Michele R Decker, Jay G Silverman, Brian O'Connor, Elizabeth Miller
Teen dating violence and sexual violence are severe public health problems. Abusive behaviors within the context of dating or romantic relationships are associated with adverse health outcomes. Promoting positive bystander intervention and increasing knowledge of abusive behaviors are promising strategies for preventing dating and sexual violence. Coaching Boys Into Men (CBIM) is an evidence-based, athletic coach-delivered dating violence prevention program that has been shown to increase positive bystander behaviors and reduce abuse perpetration among high school male athletes...
May 10, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740264/-map-training-my-brain-%C3%A2-meditation-plus-aerobic-exercise-lessens-trauma-of-sexual-violence-more-than-either-activity-alone
#8
Tracey J Shors, Han Y M Chang, Emma M Millon
Sexual violence against women often leads to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental illness characterized by intrusive thoughts and memories about the traumatic event (Shors and Millon, 2016). These mental processes are obviously generated by the brain but often felt in the body. MAP Training My Brain ™ is a novel clinical intervention that combines mental training of the brain with physical training of the body (Curlik and Shors, 2013; Shors et al., 2014). Each training session begins with 20-min of sitting meditation, followed by 10-min of slow-walking meditation, and ending with 30-min of aerobic exercise at 60-80% of the maximum heart rate (see maptrainmybrain...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737938/how-can-men-convicted-of-violence-against-women-feel-moral-while-holding-sexist-and-violent-attitudes-a-homeostatic-moral-model-based-on-self-deception
#9
María L Vecina
A moral model is proposed to understand how men convicted of violence against the partner can feel moral in spite of their past violent behavior and their current violent and sexist attitudes. Because of its appeal to the role of self-deception and its relationship to psychological well-being, it was hypothesized that a rigid conception about what is right and wrong (moral absolutism) is associated with ambivalent outcomes that keep their psychological system in homeostasis. The relationships were specified a priori and tested using path analysis...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729655/adolescent-girls-experiences-with-sexual-pressure-coercion-and-victimization-metoo
#10
Dianne Morrison-Beedy, Linsey Grove
BACKGROUND: The #MeToo social media campaign in the United States has highlighted what is a pervasive problem in many cultures-the sexual intimidation and victimization of women by men, especially those in roles of authority. METHODS: In a study of 735 girls, ages 15-19 years, enrolled in a sexual risk reduction randomized controlled trial, we captured baseline data using audio-computer assisted self-interviews to increase validity and reliability of responses to questions regarding such behaviors...
May 5, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713247/are-men-s-misogynistic-attitudes-associated-with-poor-mental-health-and-substance-use-behaviors-an-exploratory-study-of-men-in-tijuana-mexico
#11
Paul J Fleming, Thomas L Patterson, Claudia V Chavarin, Shirley J Semple, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Eileen V Pitpitan
Men's misogynistic attitudes (i.e., dislike or contempt for women) have been shown to be associated with men's perpetration of physical/sexual violence against women and poor health outcomes for women. However, these attitudes have rarely been examined for their influence on men's own health. This paper examines the socio-demographic, substance use, and mental health correlates of misogynistic attitudes among a binational sample of men (n=400) in Tijuana, Mexico with high-risk substance use and sexual behaviors...
April 2018: Psychology of Men & Masculinity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695220/trauma-history-and-social-support-among-american-indian-alaska-native-and-non-native-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#12
Rachel L Burrage, MaryBeth Gagnon, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Social support (SS) is one of the most important protective factors against the deleterious effects of trauma exposure on mental health, but only a few studies have looked at predictors of SS among trauma-exposed populations. This study examines what predicts SS from friends, family, and other significant individuals in an ethnically diverse group of 61 women residing in Alaskan shelters for women who have experienced Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Results from bivariate tests indicated that survivors who identified as American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) reported significantly higher SS from family ( M = 5...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695218/female-participation-in-household-decision-making-and-the-justification-of-wife-beating-in-bangladesh
#13
Md Shahin Alam, Md Ismail Tareque, Evan D Peet, Md Mosfequr Rahman, Tanvir Mahmud
We examined female participation in household decision making and its association with the justification of wife beating in Bangladesh. We used nationally representative data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Our sample consisted of currently married women of age 15 to 49 years ( n = 16,463). Chi-square tests and multilevel logistic regression models were performed. Approximately 84% of women in the survey were participants in at least one household decision, and 72% reported that wife beating is not justified in any circumstance...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693250/the-formal-systems-response-to-violence-against-women-in-india-a-cultural-lens
#14
Suvarna V Menon, Nicole E Allen
Violence against women (VAW) has become an increasingly salient issue in India, with women at risk for different forms of gendered violence. While there may be universal elements in the international phenomenon of violence against women, it is a complex, multifaceted phenomenon that takes shape in a particular sociocultural context. The current study employs a narrative framework to systematically examine how culture is expressed in the formal systems response and women's help-seeking in two metropolitan cities in India...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673302/disjunctures-in-experiences-of-support-during-the-transition-to-fatherhood-of-men-who-have-used-intimate-partner-violence
#15
Juliana Carlson, Erin Casey
The transition to fatherhood has been shown to be a stressful time for men, and their experiences of identifying and accessing formal and informal support are mixed. However, research on the experience of men who use intimate partner violence (IPV) during the transition to fatherhood is limited. The evidence documenting the prevalence and short- and long-term impact of violence perpetrated by men against women during pregnancy and postpartum demonstrates the seriousness of this public health issue. To understand the mechanisms of interrupting IPV by engaging men, the gap between what is known about experiences of identifying the need for and access to support during the transition to fatherhood of men with past and current histories of using IPV must be bridged...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673301/violence-against-women-and-its-consequences-on-women-s-reproductive-health-and-depression-a-jordanian-sample
#16
Jalal K Damra, Sanaa Abujilban
The aims of this study were to investigate the women's current reproductive health (RH) status, depression levels, and to clarify the relationships between the violence against women and depression and the RH components. Three hundred women participated in the study. Data were collected from the Women Health Center (WHC) in Prince Faisal hospital in Rusaifa, Jordan. The findings revealed that around 25.9%, 13.1%, 83.2%, and 65.1% of the participant women had been exposed to physical, sexual, control, and psychological violence, respectively...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669567/the-herrespect-intervention-to-address-violence-against-female-garment-workers-in-bangladesh-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#17
Mahfuz Al Mamun, Kausar Parvin, Marat Yu, Jessica Wan, Samantha Willan, Andrew Gibbs, Rachel Jewkes, Ruchira Tabassum Naved
BACKGROUND: Women in Bangladesh experience high rates of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). IPV is more prevalent against income earning women compared to their non-earning counterparts, and Workplace Violence (WPV) is also common. Such violence is a violation of women's rights, and also constrains them from contributing to their personal growth, household, community and the economy at large. There is limited evidence on what works to prevent IPV and WPV amongst garment workers. This paper describes an evaluation of HERrespect, an intervention which aims to reduce IPV and WPV against female garment workers in and around Dhaka, Bangladesh...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650498/five-years-post-nirbhaya-critical-insights-into-the-status-of-response-to-sexual-assault
#18
Sunita Vs Bandewar, Amita Pitre, Lakshmi Lingam
It is five years since the fatal gang rape of Jyothi Singh (Nirbhaya), a physiotherapy student, on December 16, 2012, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The legal and policy reforms triggered by the Nirbhaya case will remain a watershed moment in the history of efforts towards seeking justice for survivors of gender-based violence in India. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and the "Guidelines and protocols: Medico-legal care for survivors/victims of sexual violence" issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in March 2014 are two landmark reforms...
March 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648926/hiv-sti-interventions-targeting-women-who-experience-forced-sex-a-systematic-review-of-global-literature
#19
Michelle E Deming, Amir Bhochhibhoya, LaDrea Ingram, Crystal Stafford, Xiaoming Li
Women are disproportionately affected by HIV in many regions of the world and they represent the fastest growing demographic in the HIV epidemic. In addition, sexual violence against women is a global public health issue which increases women's vulnerability of HIV/STI acquisition. However, the relationship between sexual violence and HIV/STI risk are complex and contribute to the growing epidemic of women infected with HIV/STIs. Our purpose for this review is to examine existing HIV/STI interventions that target women who experience forced sex...
April 12, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624956/gender-based-violence-among-married-women-in-debre-tabor-town-northwest-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#20
Achenef A Muche, Adeyemi O Adekunle, Ayodele O Arowojolu
Gender-based violence is one of the major public health problems in Ethiopia. This study aimed to assess the perception and attitude of the community towards gender-based violence among married women in Northwest Ethiopia. A qualitative study was conducted using the purposive sampling technique for the three focus group discussions and ten in-depth interviews among married women. Data was analyzed thematically using version 3.4 of the Open Code Software. Most of the participants perceived that gender-based violence was acceptable in the community, violent acts needed to be considerably tolerated rather than condemned...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
keyword
keyword
14295
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"