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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320431/barriers-to-uptake-of-early-infant-hiv-testing-in-zambia-the-role-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-status-disclosure-within-couples
#1
Karen M Hampanda, Abigail M Nimz, Lisa L Abuogi
BACKGROUND: Early detection of pediatric HIV through uptake of infant HIV testing is critical for access to treatment and child survival. While structural barriers have been well described, a greater understanding of social and behavioral factors that may relate to maternal uptake of early infant HIV testing services is urgently needed. The aim of this study was to explore how gender power dynamics within couples affect HIV-positive women's uptake of early infant HIV testing at a large health center in Lusaka, Zambia...
March 21, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318356/sexual-violence-against-adolescent-girls-labeling-it-to-avoid-normalization
#2
Giussy Barbara, Federica Collini, Cristina Cattaneo, Federica Facchin, Paolo Vercellini, Laura Chiappa, Alessandra Kustermann
Violence against women is a pervasive complex phenomenon that destroys women's feelings of love, trust, and self-esteem. In this commentary, we specifically focus on sexual violence against adolescent girls, whose impact is particularly harmful since it may lead to impaired mental health, social functioning, and neurodevelopment. Between 12% and 25% of adolescent girls throughout the world experience sexual violence, very often perpetrated by a family member or a friend. Moreover, for an alarming proportion of girls, the first sexual experience is coerced...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302105/wife-beating-refusal-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-and-rural-ethiopia
#3
Eshetu Gurmu, Senait Endale
BACKGROUND: Wife beating is the most common and widespread form of intimate partner violence in Ethiopia. It results in countless severe health, socio-economic and psychological problems and has contributed to the violation of human rights including the liberty of women to enjoy conjugal life. The main purpose of this study is to assess the levels and patterns of wife beating refusal and its associated socio-cultural and demographic factors in rural and urban Ethiopia. METHODS: The 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data based on 11,097 and 5287 women in the reproductive age group (i...
March 16, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298129/a-rural-shelter-in-ontario-adapting-to-address-the-changing-needs-of-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence-a-qualitative-case-study
#4
Tara Mantler, Barat Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence is a significant public health problem, with shelters offering the predominant community-based solution. Shelters in Canada are mandated to provide a safe place, protection planning, advocacy and counseling among other services. Recently it has been noted the role of the shelter was shifting from an inpatient to outpatient model with a focus on increased integration of health and social services. This changing role of the shelter is amplified within the rural context where resources and cultural norms may be limited or incompatible with help-seeking behaviors...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278060/sodomy-s-penumbra
#5
Joseph J Fischel
This article advocates a sodomitical approach to sodomy. Its approach is framed alongside and against three historical glosses on sodomy law: first, that sodomy law instantiates homophobia; second, that sodomy law targets sexual violence against boys; third, that sodomy law reaches assaultive sex against women that did not register as assaultive enough to qualify as "rape" by sexist juries. The first story of sodomy law is mostly wrong. The other two glosses pivot on protection: protection of boys or protection of girls and women...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274220/social-support-and-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-moshi-municipality-northern-tanzania
#6
Geofrey Nimrod Sigalla, Vibeke Rasch, Tine Gammeltoft, Dan Wolf Meyrowitsch, Jane Rogathi, Rachel Manongi, Declare Mushi
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem with negative health consequences for women and their pregnancies. While social support has a protective effect against IPV and reduces health consequences of violence, its association with experiencing IPV during pregnancy remain less explored. In our study we aimed to determine the effect of social support on IPV during pregnancy among women attending antenatal care in Moshi, Tanzania METHODS: The study was part of a prospective cohort study that assessed the impact of violence on reproductive health of 1,116 participants...
March 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270137/intimate-partner-violence-and-utilization-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#7
Bedru Hussen Mohammed, Janice Mary Johnston, Joseph I Harwell, Huso Yi, Katrina Wai-Kay Tsang, Jemal Ali Haidar
BACKGROUND: Despite its prominence, intimate partner violence (IPV) against women has received little attention in Ethiopia. And as many of sub-Saharan African countries, maternal health care services utilization remains poor. Full access and utilization of maternal health care services is a key to significant reduction in maternal and child mortality, and eliminate new HIV infection in infants. Identifying the factors that contribute to the poor access and utilization should aid the design of appropriate policy and intervention strategies...
March 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263355/perspectives-on-violence-against-women-a-study-of-united-states-nursing-textbooks
#8
Kim Price-Glynn, Stacy Missari
BACKGROUND: This study examines conceptualizations of violence against women in U.S. nursing textbooks published from 1995 to 2005. Framing this pivotal decade, the federal Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) was passed and renewed. The American Nurses Association, the National League for Nursing, and the American Association of Colleges of Nursing also recognized violence against women as a health care priority. METHOD: Sampling 107 generalist nursing textbooks from 1995 to 2005, the current study analyzes textbook terminologies, arguments, and protocols...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259180/-is-the-doctor-god-to-punish-me-an-intersectional-examination-of-disrespectful-and-abusive-care-during-childbirth-against-single-mothers-in-tunisia
#9
Nada Amroussia, Alison Hernandez, Carmen Vives-Cases, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Disrespectful and abusive treatment during childbirth is a violation of women's right to dignified, respectful healthcare throughout pregnancy and childbirth. Although reports point out that marginalized groups in society such as single mothers are particularly vulnerable to abusive and disrespectful care, there is a lack of in-depth research exploring single mothers' encounters at the maternal healthcare facilities, especially in Tunisia. In Tunisia, single mothers are particularly vulnerable due to their social stigmatization and socio-economic marginalization...
March 4, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247827/an-exploratory-study-on-the-impact-of-domestic-violence-on-the-families-in-trinidad-and-tobago-the-west-indies
#10
Emmanuel Janagan Johnson
The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of domestic violence on the economic condition of the families. This cross-sectional study utilized a non-probability sampling procedure (purposive sampling) that included 30 women who have sought services from the Coalition Against Domestic Violence Agency. Data were collected using a questionnaire, which was comprised of 21 questions. The questions sought information on socioeconomic conditions and impact on domestic violence on the financial position. The study revealed that more of domestic violence victims were at an early age...
January 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230790/influence-of-chitosan-swelling-behaviour-on-controlled-release-of-tenofovir-from-mucoadhesive-vaginal-systems-for-prevention-of-sexual-transmission-of-hiv
#11
Fernando Notario-Pérez, Araceli Martín-Illana, Raúl Cazorla-Luna, Roberto Ruiz-Caro, Luis-Miguel Bedoya, Aitana Tamayo, Juan Rubio, María-Dolores Veiga
The main challenges facing efforts to prevent the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are the lack of access to sexual education services and sexual violence against young women and girls. Vaginal formulations for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections are currently gaining importance in drug development. Vaginal mucoadhesive tablets can be developed by including natural polymers that have good binding capacity with mucosal tissues, such as chitosan or guar gum, semisynthetic polymers such as hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, or synthetic polymers such as Eudragit(®) RS...
February 21, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225908/intimate-partner-violence-reported-by-female-and-male-users-of-healthcare-units
#12
Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Lilia Blima Schraiber
OBJECTIVE: To analyze nonfatal violence suffered and committed by adult men and women, in an intimate relationship. METHODS: The participants in the research were women aged between 15 and 49 years and men between 18 and 60 years, interviewed by face-to-face questionnaire application. The sample selection was of consecutive type, according to the order of arrival of the users. We conducted temporarily independent investigations and covered different health services to avoid couples and relationships in which the retaliation could be overvalued...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222493/mobilising-culture-against-domestic-violence-in-migrant-and-ethnic-communities-practitioner-perspectives-from-aotearoa-new-zealand
#13
Rachel Simon-Kumar, Priya A Kurian, Faith Young-Silcock, Nirmala Narasimhan
Studies on domestic violence in ethnic minority communities highlight that social norms, family structures and cultural practices are among the key triggers of violence against women. Not surprisingly, most anti-violence interventions in these communities aim to redeem women from the oppressive features of these cultures. More recently, however, emergent scholarship advocates mobilising, rather than erasing, culture within existing anti-violence strategies. This paper explores the nature of culturally informed interventions used by front-line workers...
February 21, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217603/the-prevalence-of-domestic-violence-and-its-associated-factors-among-married-women-in-a-rural-area-of-puducherry-south-india
#14
Jismary George, Divya Nair, Nancy R Premkumar, Nirmala Saravanan, Palanivel Chinnakali, Gautam Roy
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is an emerging problem worldwide and more so in India. Considering its adverse effects on women's health, assessing the burden of violence in the community will help in planning services for the victims. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence and to identify factors associated with domestic violence among married women in reproductive age group in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Puducherry, South India...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209281/association-among-father-involvement-partner-violence-and-paternal-health-un-multi-country-cross-sectional-study-on-men-and-violence
#15
Ko Ling Chan, Clifton R Emery, Emma Fulu, Richard M Tolman, Patrick Ip
INTRODUCTION: The influence of father involvement on intimate partner violence (IPV) and men's health is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of six aspects of father involvement in delivery and child care, and to explore their individual associations with IPV against women and paternal health in an Asia-Pacific context. METHODS: This study analyzed data from the 2011-2012 UN Multi-Country Cross-Sectional Study on Men and Violence, which surveyed >10,000 men from Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Sri Lanka...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208946/the-impact-of-intimate-male-partner-violence-on-women-s-sexual-function-a-study-in-iran
#16
Safieh Jamali, Shohreh Javadpour
INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is an integral part of a woman's life. A variety of factors can affect a woman's sexuality, among them physical disorders, social-religious beliefs, age, psychological factors, depression, mental tension, disbelief, an unfulfilling relationship with one's spouse and emotional and physical violence. AIM: The present study aimed to explore the rate of domestic violence against women and its impact on women's sexuality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 813 women referring to the gynaecology clinics of Jahrom, Iran, from April to October 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195533/ethical-concerns-related-to-mandatory-reporting-of-sexual-violence
#17
N Jagadeesh, Padma Bhate-Deosthali, Sangeeta Rege
The provision of care for survivors of sexual violence is a medico-legal emergency. However, due to social issues, healthcare providers face several ethical and legal dilemmas when administering care to such survivors at hospitals. Added to these are the compulsions under mandatory reporting laws, which oblige healthcare providers to abide by the ethical commitments of care and treatment, and make it mandatory for them to report cases of sexual violence to the police, failing which they face legal sanctions...
November 25, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193399/community-resource-centres-to-improve-the-health-of-women-and-children-in-informal-settlements-in-mumbai-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Neena Shah More, Sushmita Das, Ujwala Bapat, Glyn Alcock, Shreya Manjrekar, Vikas Kamble, Rijuta Sawant, Sushma Shende, Nayreen Daruwalla, Shanti Pantvaidya, David Osrin
BACKGROUND: Around 105 million people in India will be living in informal settlements by 2017. We investigated the effects of local resource centres delivering integrated activities to improve women's and children's health in urban informal settlements. METHODS: In a cluster-randomised controlled trial in 40 clusters, each containing around 600 households, 20 were randomly allocated to have a resource centre (intervention group) and 20 no centre (control group)...
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188013/-detection-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-primary-care-and-related-factors
#19
Gloria M Rodríguez-Blanes, Carmen Vives-Cases, Juan José Miralles-Bueno, Miguel San Sebastián, Isabel Goicolea
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a significant public health and human rights problem. Primary care professionals play a key role in detecting and addressing this issue. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of IPV and its associated factors in primary care by means of a screening questionnaire and to describe the main actions taken in identified cases. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 15 health centres in four autonomous regions of Spain with a total of 265 health professionals...
February 7, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186957/violence-before-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-violence-during-pregnancy
#20
Vislava Globevnik Velikonja, Miha Lučovnik, Tanja Premru Sršen, Vesna Leskošek, Megie Krajnc, Lucija Pavše, Ivan Verdenik, Natasa Tul, Isaac Blickstein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships among different forms of violence before and during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire (adapted NorAQ) was given to 1269 women after childbirth. RESULTS: The response rate was 80% (n=1018). Different forms of violence were experienced by 46.9% of the women; 9.2% reported violence in pregnancy. Suffering from the consequences of violence was reported by 43.8% of the women; sexual (76...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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