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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616441/is-firearm-threat-in-intimate-relationships-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-women
#1
Tami P Sullivan, Nicole H Weiss
In the context of intimate partner violence (IPV), firearms may be used to threaten, coerce, and intimidate. Yet, what little research exists on firearms among IPV victims has focused almost exclusively on homicide or near homicide. Thus, the deleterious health consequences of firearms more broadly remain unknown. The goals of the current study were (1) to document the prevalence of firearm threat in a community sample of female IPV victims, and (2) to identify the extent to which threat with a firearm, independent of other forms of IPV, is related to women's posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity...
June 1, 2017: Violence and Gender
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614478/-a-participatory-model-for-addressing-violence-against-women-in-la-araucan%C3%A3-a-chile
#2
Lucy Mirtha Ketterer Romero, Cecilia Mayorga Muñoz, Marcelo Carrasco Henríquez, Abel Soto Higueras, Ana Tragolaf Ancalaf, Luis Nitrihual, Carlos Del Valle
Violence against women is considered a public health problem that affects women worldwide. Recently, the Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization declared its serious socioeconomic impact in the Region of the Americas and committed to undertaking actions in the health services to address this problem. Within that framework, this paper describes the steps of a participatory action research (PAR) approach that is being implemented in the Wenteche Territory of the La Araucanía region of Chile, which aims to strengthen community bonds, rekindle opportunities for dialogue with and among the people of the territory, foster social participation and democracy in the generation of pertinent, participatory knowledge regarding this problem, and obtain information to support design of an intervention model adapted to local characteristics...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610680/intimate-personal-violence-and-caregiving-influences-on-physical-and-mental-health-in-middle-aged-women
#3
Pablo Ferreira, Deborah Loxton, Leigh R Tooth
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if women with a history of having experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) who undertook caregiving would experience worse mental and physical health compared to those without caregiving roles. STUDY DESIGN AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: IPV, caregiving history and data on covariates were collected between 1996 and 2010 from 8453 participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health aged between 45 and 65 over the course of the study...
August 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594292/men-s-perspectives-on-women-s-empowerment-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-rural-bangladesh
#4
Sidney Ruth Schuler, Rachel Lenzi, Shamsul Huda Badal, Sohela Nazneen
Intimate partner violence (IPV) may increase as women in patriarchal societies become empowered, implicitly or explicitly challenging prevailing gender norms. Prior evidence suggests an inverse U-shaped relationship between women's empowerment and IPV, in which violence against women first increases and then decreases as more egalitarian gender norms gradually gain acceptance. By means of focus-group discussions and in-depth interviews with men in 10 Bangladeshi villages, this study explored men's evolving views of women, gender norms and the legitimacy of men's perpetration of IPV in the context of a gender transition...
June 8, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591305/association-between-domestic-violence-and-women-s-quality-of-life
#5
Kerle Dayana Tavares de Lucena, Rodrigo Pinheiro de Toledo Vianna, João Agnaldo do Nascimento, Hemílio Fernandes Coelho Campos, Elaine Cristina Tôrres Oliveira
Objective: to analyze the association between domestic violence against women and quality of life. Method: a cross-sectional population-based household survey conducted with women 18 years and older, using a stratified sample by neighborhoods. For analysis, prevalence of domestic violence and quality of life index was verified and logistic regression was used to determine associations, with a significance level of 5%. Results: 424 women who had a prevalence of domestic violence of 54...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585896/multiple-struggles-in-fighting-violence-against-women-implications-among-romani-women-leaders-in-spain
#6
Carmen Vives-Cases, Eva Espinar-Ruiz, Esther Castellanos-Torres, Anna-Britt Coe
BACKGROUND: Violence against women (VAW) is a central issue in gender studies and one that has united feminist activists from around the world. But this does not mean that this struggle is singular: indeed, one can say that there are many, diverse and sometimes even contradictory struggles occurring throughout the world. OBJECTIVES: To identify and analyze the different struggles faced by women from Roma organizations in Spain in relation to VAW and their work with affected women...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574238/an-administrative-right-to-be-free-from-sexual-violence-title-ix-enforcement-in-historical-and-institutional-perspective
#7
Karen M Tani
One of the most controversial administrative actions in recent years is the U.S. Department of Education's campaign against sexual assault on college campuses. Using its authority under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (mandating nondiscrimination on the basis of sex in all educational programs and activities receiving federal funds), the Department's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) has launched an enforcement effort that critics denounce as aggressive, manipulative, and corrosive of individual liberties...
2017: Duke Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562836/healing-the-spirit-exploring-sexualized-trauma-and-recovery-among-indigenous-men-in-toronto
#8
Allison Reeves, Suzanne Stewart
Colonial policies in Canada have led to social disruption and intergenerational trauma across Indigenous nations, contributing to high rates of sexualized violence within many communities. While mental health and social science discourse has identified the harmful impacts of violence against Indigenous women in Canada, there continues to be a lack of focus on the unique mental health needs of Indigenous men in this regard. This article reviews the results of a nationally funded research study which looked at the mental health and healing needs of Indigenous men in Toronto who have experienced sexualized trauma...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554287/violence-against-women-and-girls
#9
(no author information available yet)
In 2016, the Scottish Government published a revised version of Equally Safe, Scotland's strategy to eradicate violence against women and girls.
May 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538921/women-s-protection-public-policies-evaluation-of-health-care-for-victims-of-sexual-violence
#10
Lucielma Salmito Soares Pinto, Ingrid Mayra Pereira de Oliveira, Eduardo Salmito Soares Pinto, Camila Botelho Campelo Leite, Auricélia do Nascimento Melo, Maria Castelo Branco Rocha de Deus
Violence against women has increased over the years and is a serious violation of human rights. This study aimed to evaluate public policies, women's rights legislation and health care for victims of sexual violence. This is an exploratory and descriptive study, with interviews to professionals of the Care Center for Women Victims of Violence of Teresina-PI, and collection of medical records data of victims. We analyzed data in the light of legislation and guidelines recommended by the Ministry of Health, according to the established public policies...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532433/partnering-with-women-collectives-for-delivering-essential-women-s-nutrition-interventions-in-tribal-areas-of-eastern-india-a-scoping-study
#11
Vani Sethi, Arti Bhanot, Surbhi Bhalla, Sourav Bhattacharjee, Abner Daniel, Deepika Mehrish Sharma, Rajkumar Gope, Saba Mebrahtu
BACKGROUND: We examined the feasibility of engaging women collectives in delivering a package of women's nutrition messages/services as a funded stakeholder in three tribal-dominated districts of Odisha, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States, in eastern India. These districts have high prevalence of child stunting and poor government service outreach. METHODS: Conducted between July 2014 and March 2015, an exploratory mix-methods design was adopted (review of coverage data and government reports, field interviews and focus group discussion with multiple stakeholders and intended communities) to assess coverage of women's nutrition services...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#12
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520478/violence-against-women-and-household-ownership-of-radios-computers-and-phones-in-20-countries
#13
Lauren F Cardoso, Susan B Sorenson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between household ownership of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and justifications for wife beating. METHODS: Women aged 15 to 49 years in 20 countries were surveyed via UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys between 2006 and 2014. Multivariate logistic regressions accounted for individual-, household-, and structural-level variables. RESULTS: Household ownership of any ICT (radio, computer, fixed phone, or mobile phone but not television) was associated with increased odds of women rejecting wife beating...
July 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501019/towards-a-feminist-understanding-of-intersecting-violence-against-women-and-children-in-the-family
#14
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Kathleen O'Hara, Janet Nakuti, Paul Bukuluki, Julius Lwanyaaga, Sylvia Namakula, Barbrah Nanyunja, Milton L Wainberg, Dipak Naker, Lori Michau
While intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and violence against children (VAC) have emerged as distinct fields of research and programming, a growing number of studies demonstrate the extent to which these forms of violence overlap in the same households. However, existing knowledge of how and why such co-occurrence takes place is limited, particularly in the Global South. The current study aims to advance empirical and conceptual understanding of intersecting IPV and VAC within families in order to inform potential programming...
April 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500879/role-of-forensic-medicine-in-evaluating-non-fatal-physical-violence-against-women-by-their-husbands-in-jordan
#15
Hasan Abedr-Rahman, Hafsah Omar Salameh, Rakiz J Salameh, Laith I Alabdallat, Imad M Al-Abdallat
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence against women is a major health problem in most nations, but to date, there has been little awareness of the extent or seriousness of this issue in Jordan. Forensic medical practitioners play a significant role in diagnosing, evaluating and reporting these cases. The Jordanian judicial system is dependent on forensic reports. This study aims to assess the role of forensic medicine in evaluating the physical injuries sustained by women who are abused by their husbands...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498592/wpa-international-competency-based-curriculum-for-mental-health-providers-on-intimate-partner-violence-and-sexual-violence-against-women
#16
Donna E Stewart, Prabha S Chandra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493746/sexual-objectification-the-common-thread-connecting-myriad-forms-of-sexual-violence-against-women
#17
Sarah J Gervais, Sarah Eagan
In this article, the authors focus on the linkages between objectification and current societal manifestations of sexual violence toward women to make the case that everyday instances of objectification can provide the foundation for more extreme forms of violence. First, they formally introduce the notion of objectification and explain its origins and its consequences in those who perpetrate and those who experience it. Next, they use objectification as a lens through which to consider several related, but distinct, societal problems, including: sexual assault of college women, harassment of women in work settings, and sex trafficking of women in the United States and around the world...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481588/unified-clinical-science-or-paradigm-diversity-comment-on-melchert-2016
#18
Michael R Jackson
Drawing on Kuhn's (1970) analysis, Melchert (2016) argued that current professional psychology exists in a preparadigmatic state and that a transition to a unified clinical science based on the paradigm of the behavioral and neurosciences is now possible. But Melchert's analysis makes questionable assumptions about reducibility and neglects several crucial aspects of Kuhn's analysis. A close examination of psychological work on problems such as violence against women indicates that different research paradigms and their associated exemplars identify strengths and weaknesses of specific treatment resources that cannot be entirely encompassed within a single paradigmatic perspective (Jackson, 2015b) and additionally suggests that psychological knowledge is governed by at least 3 overarching research paradigms, as well as a variety of subparadigms encompassing applied and mixed methods research and many current orientations to professional psychology (Jackson, 2015a)...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455895/risk-factors-of-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-in-female-patients-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence
#19
Hanna Karakuła Juchnowicz, Paulina Łukasik, Justyna Morylowska-Topolska, Paweł Krukow
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to find factors associated with higher severity of anxiety and depressive symptoms in female patients experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). METHODS: The study was conducted in six randomly selected primary healthcare centers in Lublin province. The HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and a structured questionnaire designed by the authors were administered to a total of 350 consecutive female patients visiting a GP...
February 26, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455761/women-s-decision-making-autonomy-and-their-attitude-towards-wife-beating-findings-from-the-2011-ethiopia-s-demographic-and-health-survey
#20
Nasser B Ebrahim, Madhu S Atteraya
The study examined the extent of wife-beating acceptance and factors that influence women's attitude towards wife-beating in Ethiopia from a nationally representative sample of 11,658 participants in the 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey. Multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to investigate the relationships between women's attitude towards wife-beating and women's decision-making autonomy after controlling for socio-demographic factors. The majority (56%) of women agreed that wife-beating is justified when wife neglects children, 53% when wife burns the food, 50% when wife argues with husband, 48% when wife goes out without telling husband, and nearly 45% when wife refuses to have sex with husband...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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