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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324087/spousal-age-differences-and-violence-against-women-in-nigeria-and-tanzania
#1
Chibuogwu Izugbara
Much research has been conducted on the extent of violence against women (VAW) and the underlying risk factors associated with VAW. Unfortunately, research into the implications of spousal age-related factors for VAW remains underexplored. This study explored the implications of spousal age gaps for VAW in Tanzania and Nigeria. Data from the 2008 Nigeria (n = 33,385) and 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) (n = 10,139) for women aged 15-49 years were used. We used univariate and multivariate statistical analyses to assess the relationship between VAW and spousal age-related contextual factors...
January 11, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321125/efficacy-of-a-web-based-safety-decision-aid-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jane Koziol-McLain, Alain C Vandal, Denise Wilson, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Terry Dobbs, Christine McLean, Rose Sisk, Karen B Eden, Nancy E Glass
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a human rights violation and leading health burden for women. Safety planning is a hallmark of specialist family violence intervention, yet only a small proportion of women access formal services. A Web-based safety decision aid may reach a wide audience of women experiencing IPV and offer the opportunity to prioritize and plan for safety for themselves and their families. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a Web-based safety decision aid (isafe) for women experiencing IPV...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308532/violence-against-african-migrant-women-living-in-turin-clinical-and-forensic-evaluation
#3
Paola Castagna, Rossana Ricciardelli, Federica Piazza, Grazia Mattutino, Beatrice Pattarino, Antonella Canavese, Sarah Gino
The phenomenon of migration is often related to violence and exploitation. Data collection in conflict-affected countries is hard and complicated by the lack of literature, especially on the health of migrant female victims of violence. The aim of our study has been to realise a clinical and forensic evaluation on African female migrant's global health through their admissions to the Rape Centre "Soccorso Violenza Sessuale" at Sant'Anna Hospital in Turin. In our sample, we considered several aspects such as place where the violence occurred, number and the identity of the perpetrators, use of physical restraint instruments and/or substances, kidnapping, prostitution under duress, abuses, pregnancies and outcomes, injuries and complained symptoms, female genital mutilation, and sexually transmitted diseases...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306992/health-and-welfare-of-women-and-child-survival-a-key-to-nation-building
#4
Meharban Singh
Health of women has a profound effect on the health and welfare of communities, countries and the world at large. A large number of social, economic, educational, political and religious dimensions impact the lives of girls and women with repercussions on their health and status in society and welfare of their children. It is a sad reality that a large number of children, adolescents and women worldwide have limited or no access to essential health care services, nutrition and education. Gender inequity and discrimination against girls cannot be bridged unless there are equal opportunities for healthcare and education for boys and girls...
January 6, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302173/in-women-s-eyes-key-barriers-to-women-s-access-to-hiv-treatment-and-a-rights-based-approach-to-their-sustained-well-being
#5
Luisa Orza, Emily Bass, Emma Bell, E Tyler Crone, Nazneen Damji, Sophie Dilmitis, Liz Tremlett, Nasra Aidarus, Jacqui Stevenson, Souhaila Bensaid, Calorine Kenkem, Gracia Violeta Ross, Elena Kudravtseva, Alice Welbourn
There is rightly a huge global effort to enable women living with HIV to have long productive lives, through treatment access. However, many women living with HIV experience violence against women (VAW), in both domestic and health care settings. The ways in which VAW might prevent treatment access and adherence for women has not to date been reviewed coherently at the global level, from women's own perspectives. Meanwhile, funding for global health care, including HIV treatment, is shrinking. To optimize women's health and know how best to optimize facilitators and minimize barriers to access and adherence, especially in this shrinking funding context, we need to understand more about these issues from women's own perspectives...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295038/-it-s-not-all-about-money-toward-a-more-comprehensive-understanding-of-financial-abuse-in-the-context-of-vaw
#6
Marie Eriksson, Rickard Ulmestig
Men's violence against women (VAW) is multifaceted and complex. Besides physical, psychological, and sexual violence, women subjected to VAW often suffer from economic hardship and financial abuse. Financial abuse involves different tactics used to exercise power and gain control over partners. Experiences of financial abuse make it difficult for women to leave an abusive partner and become self-sufficient. From an intersectional perspective, applying the concept of the continuum of violence, the aim of this article is to develop a more comprehensive understanding of how women subjected to men's violence in intimate relationships experience the complexity of financial abuse in their lives, in the context of VAW...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295035/social-determinants-of-domestic-violence-among-saudi-married-women-in-riyadh-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#7
ALJohara M Alquaiz, Maha Almuneef, Ambreen Kazi, Aljohara Almeneessier
Intimate partner violence is a worldwide public health problem. The objectives of this study were to measure the prevalence and types of domestic violence, and to explore the association between social determinants (sociodemographic factors, husband-related factors, and social support) and violence against women by their intimate partner (husband). We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 18 randomly selected primary health care centers and 13 private institutions (teaching institutes, government offices, social welfare organizations) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295031/college-students-beliefs-about-domestic-violence-a-replication-and-extension
#8
Shelly M Wagers, Jennifer Wareham, Denise Paquette Boots
In recent decades, significant effort and money have been spent to change social and legal responses to domestic violence and affect public perceptions. A small body of research has examined individuals' opinions about what behaviors are considered domestic violence. Using a sample of college students, the present study examined a modified version of a somewhat popular instrument used to measure beliefs about domestic violence, extending previous work done by Carlson and Worden. Results indicated beliefs about domestic violence are multidimensional, depending on the nature of the behavior and, in part, the gender of the perpetrator...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295004/leaving-and-beyond-voices-of-survivors-of-domestic-violence-from-kyrgyzstan
#9
Saltanat Childress, Subadra Panchanadeswaran, Manisha Joshi
Despite the global nature of domestic violence against women, few studies have examined the phenomenon in Kyrgyzstan. This grounded theory study gives voice to survivors of domestic violence by examining women's experiences of various forms of violence and the complexities surrounding Kyrgyz women's decision making about leaving violent relationships. Findings revealed that survivors move through a three-stage process of leaving: (a) reaching a turning point, (b) implementing the leaving process, and (c) reclaiming self...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295003/applying-structural-equation-modeling-to-measure-violence-exposure-and-its-impact-on-mental-health-malawi-violence-against-children-and-young-women-survey-2013
#10
Amy Z Fan, Jin Liu, Howard Kress, Sundeep Gupta, Mary Shawa, Nellie Wadonda-Kabondo, James Mercy
This study examines exposure to multiple forms of violence among Malawian children and youth and their association with mental health outcomes. The Malawi Violence Against Children and Young Women Survey was conducted among a nationally representative sample of males and females aged 13 to 24 years ( n = 2,162) in Malawi in 2013. The experience of sexual, physical, and emotional violence prior to age 18 and during the past 12 months and associated health outcomes were ascertained using a comprehensive interview...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294996/implementing-a-new-tool-to-predict-the-risk-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-rural-china
#11
Fengsu Hou, Catherine Cerulli, Hugh F Crean, Marsha N Wittink, Eric D Caine, Ko Ling Chan, Peiyuan Qiu
Most of current scales for assessing intimate partner violence (IPV) were developed for Western populations. The Chinese Risk Assessment Tool for Victims (CRAT-V) was a new scale evaluating the risk of IPV, which was developed based on Chinese populations in the context of Chinese culture. To determine whether the CRAT-V could add further value to research involving IPV and violence against women in rural China, we sought to implement the CRAT-V and to explore its factor structure among a rural population in the mainland of China...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294987/microfinance-and-violence-against-women-in-rural-guatemala
#12
Isabel Cepeda, Maricruz Lacalle-Calderon, Miguel Torralba
Violence against Women (VaW) has come to be recognized as a serious human rights abuse with important consequences not only for women but for whole societies. Since VaW has several manifestations, it is possible to differentiate among different types of violence. In this article, a broad theoretical framework with different dimensions of gender violence was adapted to a Latin American social and cultural context to measure three out of the five main types of violence: economic violence, emotional psychological violence, and coercive control...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294983/attitudes-of-turkish-academics-regarding-violence-against-women-in-the-name-of-honor
#13
Kıymet Yeşilçiçek Çalik
Honor is an important concept that has a vital value in Turkey and affects many women's lives and even causes death. It is of utmost importance to know and scientifically demonstrate the value judgments of the academics that lead and pioneer the society in our country where honor culture is adopted. Therefore, in Turkey, where thousands of women are exposed to violence every year, 877 academics participated in this descriptive study to determine the attitudes of academics toward violence against women in the name of honor...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294982/gender-based-violence-supportive-cognitions-in-adolescent-girls-and-boys-the-function-of-violence-exposure-and-victimization
#14
Agata Debowska, Daniel Boduszek, Adele D Jones, Dominic Willmott, Nicole Sherretts
Violence against women and girls is widespread in the Caribbean, which may be due to heightened acceptance of such acts in this specific social context. In spite of this, studies investigating attitudes toward violence and their correlates among participants drawn from the region are missing. To address this void in the literature, we examined associations between violence exposure and victimization and two gender-based violence-related cognitions (attitudes toward male physical domestic violence and social norms regarding physical violence against girls) as well as general beliefs about violence using structural equation modeling...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294978/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-women-s-past-year-physical-ipv-perpetration-and-victimization-in-tanzania
#15
Bianka M Reese, May S Chen, Manali Nekkanti, Marta I Mulawa
Recent studies of intimate partner violence (IPV) in high-resource countries suggest that men and women may perpetrate similar rates of violence against their partners, yet the prevalence and etiology of female-perpetrated IPV, especially in comparison with IPV victimization among females, remains largely understudied in low-resource, high-prevalence countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Using multivariate logistic regression models, the current study examines the prevalence of and risk factors associated with past 12-month experiences of isolated physical IPV perpetration (i...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294921/domestic-violence-in-arab-society-a-comparison-of-arab-and-jewish-women-in-shelters-in-israel
#16
Anat Ben-Porat, Drorit Levy, Ola Kattoura, Rachel Dekel, Haya Itzhaky
The aim of the current study was to address a gap in the literature by determining prevalence, specific types of violence, and risk factors of intimate partner violence (IPV) among Israeli born Arab women compared with Israeli born Jewish women. The following measures were compared: demographic and socioeconomic measures; measures relating to the characteristics of the violence, that is, the three types of violence (physical, emotional, and verbally threatening), sense of danger, and history of violence in childhood; family support levels; and perpetrator characteristics...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294898/power-and-inequality-intimate-partner-violence-against-bisexual-and-non-monosexual-women-in-the-united-states
#17
Bethany M Coston
While just over one in three heterosexual women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime, 61% of bisexual women and 78% of non-monosexual women will. Combining previous research and theories on power, social resources, binegativity, and gender-based violence, this article analyzes the role of power and inequality in non-monosexual women's IPV victimization. Using data from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey, this article first examines rates of IPV victimization for statistically significant differences between monosexual (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294888/controlling-behaviors-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-spain-an-examination-of-individual-partner-and-relationship-risk-factors-for-physical-and-psychological-abuse
#18
Eva Aizpurua, Jennifer Copp, Jorge J Ricarte, David Vázquez
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been linked to a broad range of negative consequences. Thus, early detection and prevention of behaviors associated with IPV is necessary to combat this global public health problem. Controlling behaviors (CBs) within the intimate context, including acts to constrain free mobility or access to friends and relatives, have been characterized as a moderate form of violence and may be an indicator of more severe IPV. Previous research in this field, however, has been primarily conducted in the United States...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294884/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-online-training-for-a-comprehensive-violence-against-women-program-a-pilot-study
#19
Nicole Etherington, Linda Baker, Marlene Ham, Denise Glasbeek
Evaluating violence against women (VAW) training is essential to moving the field forward with proven approaches that can improve service provision for survivors of violence. Given existing resource constraints involved in VAW work, online training represents an economical and flexible option; however, existing evaluations of online programs in the VAW field are scant and face a variety of limitations. This study aimed to fill this gap by using a pre-/posttest design, comparison group, and mixed-method analysis to assess the effectiveness and value of an online training program...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294866/the-association-between-intimate-partner-violence-and-signs-of-depression-during-pregnancy-in-kilimanjaro-region-northern-tanzania
#20
Rachel Manongi, Jane Rogathi, Geofrey Sigalla, Declare Mushi, Vibeke Rasch, Tine Gammeltoft, Dan W Meyrowitsch
Intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant women is common with severe health consequences to women and their babies. The aim of the present study is to measure the association between IPV and signs of depression among pregnant women attending antenatal care in a semi-urban setting in northern Tanzania. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1, 2014, to May 30, 2015, among pregnant women attending routine antenatal care in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania. During their third trimester, self-reported exposure to IPV was assessed using a validated structured questionnaire adopted from the World Health Organization's (WHO) Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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