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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209281/association-among-father-involvement-partner-violence-and-paternal-health-un-multi-country-cross-sectional-study-on-men-and-violence
#1
Ko Ling Chan, Clifton R Emery, Emma Fulu, Richard M Tolman, Patrick Ip
INTRODUCTION: The influence of father involvement on intimate partner violence (IPV) and men's health is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of six aspects of father involvement in delivery and child care, and to explore their individual associations with IPV against women and paternal health in an Asia-Pacific context. METHODS: This study analyzed data from the 2011-2012 UN Multi-Country Cross-Sectional Study on Men and Violence, which surveyed >10,000 men from Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Sri Lanka...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208946/the-impact-of-intimate-male-partner-violence-on-women-s-sexual-function-a-study-in-iran
#2
Safieh Jamali, Shohreh Javadpour
INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is an integral part of a woman's life. A variety of factors can affect a woman's sexuality, among them physical disorders, social-religious beliefs, age, psychological factors, depression, mental tension, disbelief, an unfulfilling relationship with one's spouse and emotional and physical violence. AIM: The present study aimed to explore the rate of domestic violence against women and its impact on women's sexuality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 813 women referring to the gynaecology clinics of Jahrom, Iran, from April to October 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195533/ethical-concerns-related-to-mandatory-reporting-of-sexual-violence
#3
N Jagadeesh, Padma Bhate-Deosthali, Sangeeta Rege
The provision of care for survivors of sexual violence is a medico-legal emergency. However, due to social issues, healthcare providers face several ethical and legal dilemmas when administering care to such survivors at hospitals. Added to these are the compulsions under mandatory reporting laws, which oblige healthcare providers to abide by the ethical commitments of care and treatment, and make it mandatory for them to report cases of sexual violence to the police, failing which they face legal sanctions...
November 25, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193399/community-resource-centres-to-improve-the-health-of-women-and-children-in-informal-settlements-in-mumbai-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Neena Shah More, Sushmita Das, Ujwala Bapat, Glyn Alcock, Shreya Manjrekar, Vikas Kamble, Rijuta Sawant, Sushma Shende, Nayreen Daruwalla, Shanti Pantvaidya, David Osrin
BACKGROUND: Around 105 million people in India will be living in informal settlements by 2017. We investigated the effects of local resource centres delivering integrated activities to improve women's and children's health in urban informal settlements. METHODS: In a cluster-randomised controlled trial in 40 clusters, each containing around 600 households, 20 were randomly allocated to have a resource centre (intervention group) and 20 no centre (control group)...
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188013/-detection-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-primary-care-and-related-factors
#5
Gloria M Rodríguez-Blanes, Carmen Vives-Cases, Juan José Miralles-Bueno, Miguel San Sebastián, Isabel Goicolea
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a significant public health and human rights problem. Primary care professionals play a key role in detecting and addressing this issue. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of IPV and its associated factors in primary care by means of a screening questionnaire and to describe the main actions taken in identified cases. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 15 health centres in four autonomous regions of Spain with a total of 265 health professionals...
February 7, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186957/violence-before-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-violence-during-pregnancy
#6
Vislava Globevnik Velikonja, Miha Lučovnik, Tanja Premru Sršen, Vesna Leskošek, Megie Krajnc, Lucija Pavše, Ivan Verdenik, Natasa Tul, Isaac Blickstein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships among different forms of violence before and during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire (adapted NorAQ) was given to 1269 women after childbirth. RESULTS: The response rate was 80% (n=1018). Different forms of violence were experienced by 46.9% of the women; 9.2% reported violence in pregnancy. Suffering from the consequences of violence was reported by 43.8% of the women; sexual (76...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186694/pattern-of-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-from-violence-against-women-and-its-associated-factors
#7
Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Jéssica Antoniana Lira E Silva, Andreza Cristina de Lima Targino Massoni, Sérgio d'Avila
BACKGROUND/AIM: Violence against women is a global public health problem. The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of women victims of violence and identify factors associated with maxillofacial injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed based on an evaluation of 884 medico-legal and social records of women victims of physical aggression treated at the Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry in Brazil. The variables investigated were related to the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, circumstances of aggressions, and patterns of trauma...
February 10, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185022/correlates-of-double-risk-of-hiv-acquisition-and-transmission-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-st-petersburg-russia
#8
Polina Girchenko, Elizabeth J King
Russia continues to experience a growing HIV epidemic, and women account for an increasing proportion of new HIV diagnoses in the country. This study aims to provide up-to-date information on factors associated with unsafe sex and drug use behaviors among women who inject drugs in St. Petersburg, Russia. In this community-based sample of 500 women who inject drugs, 64% tested positive for HIV. Women reported the following: 21% reported injection risk, 22% reported sexual risk, and 18% reported double risk. Multivariable analyses using logistic multinomial regression showed that older age is associated with increased risk behaviors...
February 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179692/an-intervention-study-to-assess-knowledge-and-attitude-about-reproductive-health-among-turkish-armed-forces
#9
Alper Tunga Kokcu, Omur Sayligil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of reproductive health training given in Turkish Armed Forces on recruits' knowledge. METHODS: This interventional study was conducted at the Basic Military Training Centre, Kutahya, Turkey, from September to October 2009, and comprised recruits of armed forces. Data was collected and assessed before and after the training sessions. The intervention programme consisted of education focusing on anatomy of the reproductive system, contraceptive methods, sexually transmitted infections, responsible parenthood, gender and violence against women...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170322/calling-for-action-on-violence-against-women-is-anyone-listening
#10
Claudia García-Moreno, Cathy Zimmerman, Charlotte Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153645/-epidemiological-clinical-and-forensic-physical-violence-against-women-in-tambacounda-senegal
#11
M M M Leye, P Ndiaye, D Ndiaye, I Seck, A Faye, A Tal Dia
INTRODUCTION: To contribute to the fight against physical violence against women, this work aimed to make a 10-year review of cases treated at the Regional Court of Tambacounda. METHODOLOGY: This observational, retrospective, descriptive and analytical study was conducted from 15 October 2014 to 15 April 2015. It covered all the court records of victims of intentional injury from 2006 to 2015. The data was entered and analyzed using Epi info 3.3.2 software. RESULTS: In all, 113 cases were treated...
January 30, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151072/dismantling-the-man-made-myths-upholding-female-genital-mutilation
#12
Ismael Jiménez Ruiz, Pilar Almansa Martínez, Carolina Alcón Belchí
FGM is internationally considered an affront on human rights and an act of violence against women and young girls. Furthermore, it hierarchizes and perpetuates inequality and denies women and girls the right to physical and psychosexual integrity. The aim of this study is to detect the weak points and false premises underlying male justification of FGM and to present demythologization as a health education tool. We used a qualitative methodology with an ethonursing focus via semi-structured individual and group interviews in 25 men associated with FGM...
February 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146164/violence-against-women-in-different-stages-of-the-life-cycle-in-brazil-an-exploratory-study
#13
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Sérgio d'Avila
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the profile of violence against women in different life cycles, according to the sociodemographic characteristics of the victims and offenders. Methods: A cross-sectional and exploratory study was performed based on 1,388 police reports during a four-year period, in a metropolitan area of Northeast Brazil. The dependent variable was the type of aggression suffered by the victims. The independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics of the victims and offenders...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140615/unsettling-the-fistula-narrative-cultural-pathology-biomedical-redemption-and-inequities-of-health-access-in-niger-and-ethiopia
#14
Alison Heller, Anita Hannig
Obstetric fistula, a maternal childbirth injury that results in chronic incontinence, affects an estimated one million women in the global south. In the course of media and donor coverage on this condition, fistula sufferers have been branded as 'child brides' who, following the onset of their incontinence, become social pariahs and eventually find physical and social redemption through surgical repair. This narrative framing pits the violence of 'culture' against the potency of biomedical salvation. Based on over two years of ethnographic research at fistula repair centres in Niger and Ethiopia, this paper challenges this narrative and argues that most women with obstetric fistula remain embedded in social relations, receive continued familial support, and, unexpectedly, experience ambiguous surgical outcomes...
January 31, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125120/factors-associated-with-physical-violence-against-pregnant-women-from-s%C3%A3-o-lu%C3%A3-s-maranh%C3%A3-o-state-brazil-an-approach-using-structural-equation-modeling
#15
Danielle Cristina Silva Costa, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Camila Maia Valente, João Victor Fonseca Ribeiro, Laysa Andrade Almeida, Ludmilla Emilia Martins Costa, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto E Alves, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
The factors associated with physical violence against pregnant women were analyzed in a cross-sectional study of 1,446 pregnant women from a prenatal cohort who were interviewed in 2010 and 2011 in São Luís, Brazil. In the initial model, socioeconomic status occupied the most distal position, determining sociodemographic factors, social support and the behavioral factors that ultimately determined physical violence, which was investigated as a latent variable. Structural equation modeling was used in the analysis...
January 23, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107428/effects-of-socioeconomic-status-and-social-support-on-violence-against-pregnant-women-a-structural-equation-modeling-analysis
#16
Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Maria Teresa Seabra Soares de Britto E Alves, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Lilia Blima Schraiber, Heloisa Bettiol, Marco Antônio Barbieri
Few studies have used structural equation modeling to analyze the effects of variables on violence against women. The present study analyzed the effects of socioeconomic status and social support on violence against pregnant women who used prenatal services. This was a cross-sectional study based on data from the Brazilian Ribeirão Preto and São Luís birth cohort studies (BRISA). The sample of the municipality of São Luís (Maranhão/Brazil) consisted of 1,446 pregnant women interviewed in 2010 and 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097617/rates-and-covariates-of-recent-sexual-and-physical-violence-against-hiv-infected-outpatient-drinkers-in-western-kenya
#17
Rebecca K Papas, Benson N Gakinya, Michael M Mwaniki, Hana Lee, Stella W Kiarie, Steve Martino, Michelle P Loxley, Alfred K Keter, Debra A Klein, John E Sidle, Joyce B Baliddawa, Stephen A Maisto
Victimization from physical and sexual violence presents global health challenges. Partner violence is higher in Kenya than Africa. Violence against drinkers and HIV-infected individuals is typically elevated, so dual vulnerabilities may further augment risk. Understanding violence risks can improve interventions. Participants were 614 HIV-infected outpatient drinkers in western Kenya enrolled in a randomized trial to reduce alcohol use. At baseline, past 90-day partner physical and sexual violence were examined descriptively and in gender-stratified regression models...
January 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086857/evaluating-a-multicomponent-social-behaviour-change-communication-strategy-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-nepal
#18
Cari Jo Clark, Rachael A Spencer, Binita Shrestha, Gemma Ferguson, J Michael Oakes, Jhumka Gupta
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Over the past decade, important policy and programmatic steps have been taken to address violence against women in Nepal. There remains a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of primary violence prevention strategies. The Change Starts at Home study begins to fill this gap by utilizing a multi-component social behaviour change communication (SBCC) strategy involving a radio drama and community mobilization to shift attitudes, norms and behaviours that underpin IPV perpetration in Nepal...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076535/-femicides-in-ethnic-and-racialized-groups-syntheses
#19
Stela Nazareth Meneghel, Betty Ruth Lozano Lerma
The text entitled "Femicides in ethnic and racialized groups: syntheses" presents some of the discussions that took place during a seminar on this topic in Buenaventura. Buenaventura is the main Colombian port on the Pacific, a region rich in minerals and a corridor for the movement of goods, which makes it a strategic territory and a center for disputes. At the seminar, the social and political determinants of femicide were discussed, understanding it as a tactic of waging war against women. The forum provided a space for academic discussion, but also for grievances over inter-personal violence, the manifestation of feelings and the elaboration of pain and grief through the medium of art...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071836/violated-and-vulnerable-women-s-experiences-of-contracting-a-sexually-transmitted-infection-from-a-male-partner
#20
Leah East, Debra Jackson, Kath Peters
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to explore women's stories of contracting a sexually transmitted infection from a male partner and elucidate the gendered constructs and violence experienced that made the women vulnerable to these infections. BACKGROUND: Violence against women can result in both physical and psychological consequences and expose women to multiple health risks including sexual health adversity. DESIGN: Feminist storytelling approach...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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