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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792025/disabling-accommodation-barriers-a-study-exploring-how-to-better-accommodate-government-employees-with-anxiety-disorders
#1
Damian Mellifont, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Justin Newton Scanlan
BACKGROUND: Accommodating mental health in the workplace is challenging. Despite policy efforts to encourage the availability of mental health accommodations in the workplace, employees experiencing mental illness are missing out on accommodations that they need. OBJECTIVE: To inform vocational rehabilitation professionals and managers in the public service of best practice accommodations for government employees with anxiety disorders. METHODS: Thematic analysis was applied to data collected from the online Accommodating Government Employees with Anxiety Disorders Survey undertaken by 71 Australian public service employees diagnosed with at least one anxiety disorder...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708040/managing-my-fear-of-missing-out
#2
Shane M Hanlon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659114/vaccination-adherence-review-and-proposed-model
#3
Asma A Abahussin, Ahmed I Albarrak
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood vaccine-preventable diseases can be significantly reduced through adherence to confirmed vaccination schedules. However, many barriers to vaccination compliance exist, including a lack of awareness regarding the importance of vaccines, missing due dates, and fear of complications from vaccinations. The aim of this study is to review the existing tools and publications regarding vaccination adherence, and to propose a design for a vaccination adherence application (app) for smartphones...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643847/mechanisms-linking-intimate-partner-violence-and-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-a-qualitative-study-in-south-africa
#4
A M Hatcher, H Stöckl, N Christofides, N Woollett, C C Pallitto, C Garcia-Moreno, J M Turan
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) can virtually eliminate HIV infection among infants, yet up to one-third of women miss PMTCT steps. Little is known about how partner dynamics such as intimate partner violence (IPV) influence pregnant and postpartum women's adherence to PMTCT. We conducted 32 qualitative interviews with HIV-positive pregnant and postpartum women in Johannesburg who experienced IPV. Trained researchers conducted in-depth interviews over the period of May 2014-Nov 2015 using narrative and social constructionist approaches...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101897/the-obstetric-care-subsidy-policy-in-burkina-faso-what-are-the-effects-after-five-years-of-implementation-findings-of-a-complex-evaluation
#5
Rasmané Ganaba, Patrick G C Ilboudo, Jenny A Cresswell, Maurice Yaogo, Cheick Omar Diallo, Fabienne Richard, Nadia Cunden, Veronique Filippi, Sophie Witter
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso, like many low and middle income countries, has been taking a range of actions to address its poor maternal and neonatal health indicators. In 2006 the government introduced an innovative national subsidy scheme for deliveries and emergency obstetric care in public facilities. This article reports on a complex evaluation of this policy, carried out 5 years after its introduction, which examined its effects on utilisation, quality of care, equity and the health system as a whole, as well as its cost and sustainability...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26980631/zika-or-the-burden-of-uncertainty
#6
R Villa
In the first phases of an infectious outbreak, health authorities have to face the challenge of communicating uncertainty. Just when the attention of the public is at the top, information about what is going on is usually still missing. This is the case of Zika crisis in Latin America, where an association with microcephaly in newborns and neurological complications have been described, but not yet confirmed. Despite this, and even if the risk would be mainly limited to pregnant women, Zika threat is perceived by the general public as greater than others, such as those from dengue or flu...
2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26833698/telepressure-and-college-student-employment-the-costs-of-staying-connected-across-social-contexts
#7
Larissa K Barber, Alecia M Santuzzi
Telepressure is a psychological state consisting of the preoccupation and urge to respond quickly to message-based communications from others. Telepressure has been linked with negative stress and health outcomes, but the existing measure focuses on experiences specific to the workplace. The current study explores whether an adapted version of the workplace telepressure measure is relevant to general social interactions that rely on information and communication technologies. We validated a general telepressure measure in a sample of college students and found psychometric properties similar to the original workplace measure...
February 2, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26707341/oral-health-status-dental-anxiety-and-behavior-management-problems-in-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#8
Naser A Aminabadi, Ebrahim Najafpour, Leila Erfanparast, Zahra Jamali, Fatemeh Pournaghi-Azar, Shabnam Tamjid-Shabestari, Sajjad Shirazi
Mental disorders have been shown to affect children's oral health. This study was carried out to investigate the oral health status, dental anxiety (DA), and behavior-management problems (BMPs) during dental treatment in 6- to 9-yr-old children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)/attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study and control groups included 40 children with ODD/ADHD and 80 normal children, respectively. All participants received an amalgam restoration. During the procedure, the children's behavior was assessed using the Frankl Rating Scale and the Verbal Skill Scale...
February 2016: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26613900/adjusting-hiv-prevalence-estimates-for-non-participation-an-application-to-demographic-surveillance
#9
Mark E McGovern, Giampiero Marra, Rosalba Radice, David Canning, Marie-Louise Newell, Till Bärnighausen
INTRODUCTION: HIV testing is a cornerstone of efforts to combat the HIV epidemic, and testing conducted as part of surveillance provides invaluable data on the spread of infection and the effectiveness of campaigns to reduce the transmission of HIV. However, participation in HIV testing can be low, and if respondents systematically select not to be tested because they know or suspect they are HIV positive (and fear disclosure), standard approaches to deal with missing data will fail to remove selection bias...
2015: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607669/perc-rule-to-exclude-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-embolism-in-emergency-low-risk-patients-study-protocol-for-the-proper-randomized-controlled-study
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yonathan Freund, Alexandra Rousseau, France Guyot-Rousseau, Yann-Erick Claessens, Olivier Hugli, Olivier Sanchez, Tabassome Simon, Bruno Riou
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of Pulmonary Embolism (PE) in the emergency department (ED) is crucial. As emergency physicians fear missing this potential life-threatening condition, PE tends to be over-investigated, exposing patients to unnecessary risks and uncertain benefit in terms of outcome. The Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria (PERC) is an eight-item block of clinical criteria that can identify patients who can safely be discharged from the ED without further investigation for PE...
November 25, 2015: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26489639/acceptability-of-physical-examination-by-male-doctors-in-medical-care-taking-breast-palpation-as-an-example
#11
Yan-jie Wang, Jie Yang, Li-xia Kang, Zhen Jia, Dong-ming Chen, Ping Zhang, Zhan-chun Feng
In this study, we conducted an investigation among medical workers, patients and college students concerning their acceptability of breast palpation performed by male doctors (hereinafter referred to as "acceptability", or "the examination", respectively, if not otherwise indicated), to get the information about their acceptability and reasons for accepting or declining the examination among the three population. A questionnaire investigation was conducted in 500 patients with breast diseases, 700 students of medical colleges, and 280 medical workers working in hospitals...
October 2015: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25979373/clinical-versus-laboratory-screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-prior-to-insertion-of-intrauterine-contraception-among-women-living-with-hiv-aids-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Othman Kakaire, Josaphat Kayogoza Byamugisha, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson
STUDY QUESTION: Does laboratory testing after syndromic screening for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) reduce the rate of intrauterine contraception (IUC) removal among women living with HIV/AIDS (WLHA)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Additional laboratory testing after syndromic screening for STIs did not affect the likelihood that a woman would remove an IUC immediately or within 1 year of IUC use or the frequency of post-insertion unscheduled clinic visits. In low-risk WLHA, the incidence rate of IUC removal is low with or without laboratory testing...
July 2015: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25939593/strengthening-adherence-to-anti-retroviral-therapy-art-monitoring-and-support-operation-research-to-identify-barriers-and-facilitators-in-nepal
#13
Kiran Bam, Rajesh M Rajbhandari, Dibesh B Karmacharya, Sameer M Dixit
BACKGROUND: Anti Retroviral Therapy (ART) is the cornerstone for comprehensive health sector response to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) treatment, care and support. Adherence of at least 95% is needed to keep HIV under control, as per World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. This study was aimed at identifying the overall adherence level of, and barriers and facilitators to adherence for patients taking ART in different clinics in all five development regions of Nepal. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among ART clients receiving free ART from Government of Nepal ART clinics...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25785365/tramadol-for-postoperative-pain-treatment-in-children
#14
REVIEW
Alexander Schnabel, Sylvia U Reichl, Christine Meyer-Frießem, Peter K Zahn, Esther Pogatzki-Zahn
BACKGROUND: According to current recommendations a multimodal approach is believed to be the gold standard for postoperative pain treatment in children. However, several surveys in the last few years demonstrated that postoperative pain in children is still a serious problem, mainly because opioids are avoided. One of the reasons for this is the fear of severe adverse events following opioid administration. Tramadol is a weak mu-opioid agonist and inhibits reuptake of noradrenaline and serotonin (5HT)...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25600048/-adherence-of-type-2-diabetes-patients-on-insulin-analogues-application-missed-dose-time-imprecision-and-dose-reduction-the-results-of-gapp2tm-global-attitudes-of-physicians-and-patient-survey-in-the-czech-republic
#15
Martin Prázný
OBJECTIVE: Irregular insulin dose is one of the main problems associated with insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes; its extent is not known precisely. The aim of survey conducted in the Czech Republic in the international project GAPP2 - Global Attitudes of Patients and Physicians was to determine the incidence and the impact of irregular use of basal insulin analogues in patients with type 2 diabetes, to point out the reasons for these irregularities and to focus on how physicians discuss irregular application of insulin with patients...
November 2014: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25507061/look-closer-i-am-not-just-shy-recognizing-social-anxiety-disorder-a-case-study
#16
Erin Burns, Kellie Thiessen
Early recognition, assessment, and treatment of social anxiety disorder are criteria to prevent persistent functional impairment in educational and occupational settings and in relationships. Individuals who avoid social settings due to the fear of embarrassment miss out on activities, learning opportunities, and interactions with others. Those who work with children in schools or health care settings are in an ideal position to help those who often don't have a voice. The 2013 updated NICE guideline, Social Anxiety Disorder: Recognition, Assessment and Treatment, has been critically reviewed and applied to a case study...
November 2014: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25417333/look-closer-i-am-not-just-shy-recognizing-social-anxiety-disorder-a-case-study
#17
Erin Burns, Kellie Thiessen
Early recognition, assessment, and treatment of social anxiety disorder are criteria to prevent persistent functional impairment in educational and occupational settings and in relationships. Individuals who avoid social settings due to the fear of embarrassment miss out on activities, learning opportunities, and interactions with others. Those who work with children in schools or health care settings are in an ideal position to help those who often don't have a voice. The 2013 updated NICE guideline, Social Anxiety Disorder: Recognition, Assessment and Treatment, has been critically reviewed and applied to a case study...
November 2014: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25001071/pharmacological-interventions-for-preventing-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
#18
REVIEW
Taryn Amos, Dan J Stein, Jonathan C Ipser
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating disorder which, after a sufficient delay, may be diagnosed amongst individuals who respond with intense fear, helplessness or horror to traumatic events. There is some evidence that the use of pharmacological interventions immediately after exposure to trauma may reduce the risk of developing of PTSD. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pharmacological interventions for the prevention of PTSD in adults following exposure to a traumatic event...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24919344/-pregnancy-and-vaccinoprevention
#19
A Galev, A Nacheva
Vaccinations protect woman and her fetus against different infectious diseases, but their application on pregnant should be extremely responsible. In this review I present information about some infectious diseases and vaccines during pregnancy. Women, planning to get pregnant should be advised to do serological tests in order to find out their immune status against some infections, leading to fetal congenital malformations (rubella, chicken pox, hepatitis B) and if necessary to get vaccinated at least a month before pregnancy...
2014: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24690668/a-white-dean-and-black-physicians-at-the-epicenter-of-the-civil-rights-movement
#20
Richard D deShazo, Robert Smith, Leigh Baldwin Skipworth
Robert Q. Marston, MD, a gregarious Rhodes and Markel Scholar, native Virginian, and well-connected National Institutes of Health-trained medical scientist found himself the new dean and hospital director of a promising academic medical center at age 38. It was 1961 and the University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) in Jackson was, unknown to him, about to be at the geographic center of the struggle for African American civil rights. That struggle would entangle UMMC in a national search for social justice and change the course of American history and American medicine...
June 2014: American Journal of Medicine
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