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Meniscus rehabilitation

Ingrid Eitzen, Hege Grindem, Agnethe Nilstad, Håvard Moksnes, May Arna Risberg
BACKGROUND: Reduced quadriceps strength influences knee function and increases the risk of knee osteoarthritis. Thus, it is of significant clinical relevance to precisely quantify strength deficits in patients with knee injuries. PURPOSE: To evaluate isokinetic concentric quadriceps muscle strength torque values, assessed both from peak torque and at specific knee flexion joint angles, in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, focal cartilage lesions, and degenerative meniscus tears...
October 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Bum-Sik Lee, Seong-Il Bin, Jong-Min Kim, Jae Hyan Kim, Eic Ju Lim
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between preoperative subluxation of the original menisci and postoperative graft subluxation after lateral meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT). METHODS: Fourteen patients who underwent isolated lateral MATs in meniscus-deficient knees with a low-grade chondral lesion (≤ICRS grade 2) were assessed. Lateral subluxation of the native meniscus before meniscectomy and those of remaining meniscal tissue before MAT were measured on mid-coronal MRI scans taken at each time point...
September 30, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Karima Belhaj, Hicham Elhyaoui, Soumia Meftah, Laila Mahir, Mohamed Rafai, Abdelhak Garch, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif Elfatimi
OBJECTIVE: Meniscal injuries are an extremely common condition that also occurs well in young adults at a sporting injury, than in most elderly where it is often the degenerative changes in the knee illustration. The application of isokinetic knee is widespread, either in assessment or rehabilitation. The objective of the study is to determine the contribution of the isokinetic for meniscal pathology. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 6 months, including patients followed in physical medicine and rehabilitation for meniscal lesions confirmed by imaging and in whom supported classical rehabilitative and/or isokinetic was indicated...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Alaina M Brelin, John-Paul H Rue
Meniscus tears are commonly encountered in the athletic population and can result in significant loss of playing time. Current treatment methods for acute tears consist of meniscectomy and meniscal repair, whereas meniscal allograft transplant is reserved as a salvage procedure for symptomatic meniscectomized patients who desire a more functional knee. This review describes the postoperative rehabilitation protocol for each procedure and evaluates the outcomes in existing literature as it pertains to the athlete...
October 2016: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Gilbert Moatshe, Justin J Mitchell, Tyler R Cram, Carlos Yacuzzi, Robert F LaPrade
Meniscal ramp lesions are more frequently associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries than previously recognized. Some authors suggest that this entity results from disruption of the meniscotibial ligaments of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus, whereas others support the idea that it is created by a tear of the peripheral attachment of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans have been reported to have a low sensitivity, and consequently, ramp lesions often go undiagnosed...
July 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Bryan T H Koh, Andrew A Sayampanathan, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Hwei Chi Chong, Hwee-Chye Andrew Tan
BACKGROUND: An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft rupture or a primary ACL injury in the contralateral knee is one of the greatest concerns of patients following primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Our study describes the epidemiology and presence of concomitant meniscal injuries of patients with a graft rupture following primary ACLR or a primary rupture of the contralateral ACL following primary ACLR of the ipsilateral knee. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 42 patients who underwent a second ACLR...
June 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Hwang-Bo Kak, Sun-Ja Park, Byun-Joon Park
[Purpose] The gluteus medius, a hip abductor, controls femoral movement and stabilizes the pelvis during lower extremity mobilization. [Subjects] This study enrolled 24 subjects into control and experimental groups. [Methods] This randomized controlled study included patients who underwent arthroscopy after meniscus injury and started a rehabilitative exercise program 8 weeks after surgery. Subjects were divided into the experimental gluteus medius resistance exercise group (n=12) and the control group (n=12)...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Eric C Makhni, Erica K Crump, Michael E Steinhaus, Nikhil N Verma, Christopher S Ahmad, Brian J Cole, Bernard R Bach
PURPOSE: To assess the quality and variability found across anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rehabilitation protocols published online by academic orthopaedic programs. METHODS: Web-based ACL physical therapy protocols from United States academic orthopaedic programs available online were included for review. Main exclusion criteria included concomitant meniscus repair, protocols aimed at pediatric patients, and failure to provide time points for the commencement or recommended completion of any protocol components...
August 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Patrick C McCulloch, Hugh L Jones, Kendall Hamilton, Michael G Hogen, Jonathan E Gold, Philip C Noble
BACKGROUND: The objective of rehabilitation following meniscal repair is to promote healing by limiting stresses on repairs, while simultaneously preserving muscle strength and joint motion. Both protective protocols limiting weight bearing and accelerated which do not, have shown clinical success. This study assesses the effects of physiologic gait loading on the kinematic behavior of a repaired medial meniscus. METHODS: The medial menisci of eight fresh cadaveric knees were implanted with arrays of six 0...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Cathal J Moran, Daniel P Withers, Peter R Kurzweil, Peter C Verdonk
Meniscal tears are common injuries often treated by partial meniscectomy. This may result in altered joint contact mechanics which in turn may lead to worsening symptoms and an increased risk of osteoarthritis. Meniscal scaffolds have been proposed as a treatment option aimed at reducing symptoms while also potentially reducing progression of degenerative change. There are 2 scaffolds available for clinical use at the present time; Collagen Meniscus Implant and Actifit. Medium-term to long-term data (4.9 to 11...
September 2015: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Maria Lindström, Torsten Wredmark, Marie-Louise Wretling, Marketta Henriksson, Li Felländer-Tsai
BACKGROUND: It is unclear what factors contribute to knee joint effusion after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction. Knee homeostasis after injury and surgery is crucial for rehabilitation and knee well-being. We examined if effusion was affected by post-operative bracing, and if patients with effusion fit into a common profile. METHODS: Patients were randomized to wearing or not wearing a post-operative brace for three weeks after ACL reconstruction with semitendinosus-gracilis tendons...
December 2015: Knee
Matthias J Feucht, Jan Kühle, Gerrit Bode, Julian Mehl, Hagen Schmal, Norbert P Südkamp, Philipp Niemeyer
PURPOSE: To systematically review the results of arthroscopic transtibial pullout repair (ATPR) for posterior medial meniscus root tears. METHODS: A systematic electronic search of the PubMed database and the Cochrane Library was performed in September 2014 to identify studies that reported clinical, radiographic, or second-look arthroscopic outcomes of ATPR for posterior medial meniscus root tears. Included studies were abstracted regarding study characteristics, patient demographic characteristics, surgical technique, rehabilitation, and outcome measures...
September 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Jean Baptiste Marchand, Nicolas Ruiz, Augustin Coupry, Mark Bowen, Henri Robert
PURPOSE: Hamstring tendons are commonly used as a graft source for ACL reconstruction. This study seeks to determine whether either the diameter of the tendon graft or the age of the patient influences the outcome of the ACL reconstruction when measured using a standard, previously validated laxity measurement device. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 88 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction with a short, quadrupled tendon technique, using the semitendinosus ± gracilis tendons...
September 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Barak Haviv, Shlomo Bronak, Yona Kosashvili, Rafael Thein
PURPOSE: To determine which specific factors influence the improvements in function and pain at the first year following arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2013, patients who had arthroscopic partial meniscectomy were included (n = 201) and followed prospectively before surgery and at 12 months. Multivariable stepwise analysis included preoperative variables (age, gender, limb side, height, weight, body mass index, comorbidities, smoking, Tegner activity scale, Lysholm knee score, preceding injury and duration of preoperative symptoms) and arthroscopic findings (degree of cartilage lesions, medial or lateral meniscus involvement, type of meniscal tear and concomitant cruciate tear)...
May 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Shannon N Edd, Nathan A Netravali, Julien Favre, Nicholas J Giori, Thomas P Andriacchi
BACKGROUND: Alterations in knee kinematics after partial meniscectomy have been linked to the increased risk of osteoarthritis in this population. Understanding differences in kinematics during static versus dynamic activities of increased demand can provide important information regarding the possible underlying mechanisms of these alterations. HYPOTHESIS: Differences in the following 2 kinematics measures will increase with activity demand: (1) the offset toward external tibial rotation for the meniscectomized limb compared with the contralateral limb during stance and (2) the difference in knee flexion angle at initial foot contact between the meniscectomized and contralateral limbs...
June 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Kenneth E Reckelhoff, Anthony Miller
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a patient who experienced deep venous thrombosis (DVT) during pre-operative rehabilitation of an acute rupture of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction graft, to increase awareness of DVT occurring in a healthy individual after periodic immobilization, and to describe the interdisciplinary management for this patient. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 30-year-old male was referred to a chiropractic clinic for presurgical treatment of a left ACL rupture and medial meniscus tear confirmed at magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2014: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Megan P Brady, Windee Weiss
Common injuries in high-level and recreational athletes, nonathletes, and the elderly are medial and lateral meniscus tears. Diagnosis of meniscus tears is done with clinical exam, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and arthroscopy. The gold standard is arthroscopy, but accuracy of a clinical exam versus MRI diagnosis of meniscus tears is in question. A clinician's ability to detect a meniscus tear is beneficial to the patient from a timing standpoint. The process of obtaining an MRI and results could be lengthy, but if the meniscus tear is accurately diagnosed clinically, the patient could be suspended from athletics or specific job duties to prevent further injury...
November 2015: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Ryan J Warth, William G Rodkey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and structural outcomes after resorbable collagen meniscus scaffold implantation through a systematic review of the published literature. METHODS: A systematic search of both the PubMed and Embase databases was undertaken to identify all studies that reported clinical and/or structural outcomes after resorbable collagen meniscus scaffold implantation for the treatment of defects involving either the medial or lateral meniscus...
May 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Vanessa G Cuéllar, Danny Martinez, Igor Immerman, Cheongeun Oh, Peter S Walker, Kenneth A Egol
OBJECTIVES: Although the posteromedial fragment in tibial plateau fractures is often considered unstable, biomechanical evidence supporting this view is lacking. We aimed to evaluate the stability of the fragment in a cadaver model. Our hypothesis was that under the expected small axial force during rehabilitation and the combined effects of this force with shear force, internal rotation torque, and varus moment, the most common posteromedial tibial fragment morphology could maintain stability in early flexion...
July 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Robert F LaPrade, Christopher M LaPrade, Michael B Ellman, Travis Lee Turnbull, Anthony J Cerminara, Coen A Wijdicks
BACKGROUND: Recent biomechanical evidence suggests that the meniscus-suture interface contributes the most displacement to the transtibial pull-out repair for meniscal root tears. Therefore, optimization of surgical technique at the meniscus-suture interface may minimize displacement and improve the strength of meniscal root repairs. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the cyclic displacement and ultimate failure loads of 4 different meniscus-suture fixation techniques for posterior medial meniscal root repairs in human meniscus tissue...
April 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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