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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794895/-smartscopy-as-an-alternative-device-for-cervical-cancer-screening-a-pilot-study
#1
Yusuke Tanaka, Yutaka Ueda, Akiko Okazawa, Mamoru Kakuda, Shinya Matsuzaki, Eiji Kobayashi, Kiyoshi Yoshino, Tadashi Kimura
The use of smartphones, mobile networks and associated health applications (known as apps) is now almost universal. Countries with low medical resources need assistance in their delivery of healthcare. This is particularly true where there are limited numbers of specialised physicians or nurses with respect to cancer screening. As smartphones become more universal, real-time and near-real-time expert medical consultations and telediagnosis are becoming more common. This leads us to believe that there will soon be a demand for mobile cancer screening services, which will be particularly useful for women living in rural areas or doctor-less inner city communities...
April 2017: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767389/use-of-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-with-a-fluorescently-labeled-fatty-acid-to-diagnose-colorectal-neoplasms
#2
Feihong Deng, Yuan Fang, Zhiyong Shen, Wei Gong, Tao Liu, Jing Wen, Wanling Zhang, Xianjun Zhu, Hui Zhong, Tong Wang, Fachao Zhi, Biao Nie
Endoscopic treatment for early colorectal cancer closely correlates with patient prognosis. However, endoscopic differentiation between carcinomas and non-neoplastic lesions remains difficult. Here, we topically stained colorectal neoplasms with a fatty acid analogue (BODIPY-FA) and quantified the fluorescent signals using confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) and fluorescence microscopy. We also analyzed protein expression in colorectal cancer tissues. We found that expression of fatty acid synthase was elevated, while the expression of fatty acid transporters was reduced in colorectal cancer...
July 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708785/y-box-binding-protein-1-promotes-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-invasion-and-metastasis-of-cervical-cancer-via-enhancing-the-expressions-of-snail
#3
Tianyun Pang, Min Li, Ye Zhang, Weiwei Yong, Haixian Kang, Yunhong Yao, Xinrong Hu
OBJECTIVE: Y box-binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a potent oncogenic protein. How it regulates Snail in most tumors including cervical cancer is unknown. This article is to study if YB-1 plays a role in cervical cancer via regulating the expression of Snail. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining of YB-1, Snail, and E-cadherin (E-cad) was performed on tissue specimens including 35 cases of chronic cervicitis (as a control), 35 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasm (CIN) I, 35 cases of CIN II/III, 28 cases of unmetastatic cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and 19 cases of metastatic cervical squamous cell carcinoma...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705040/minimal-limited-pseudohyperplastic-prostatic-adenocarcinoma-in-needle-prostatic-biopsy
#4
Julian Arista-Nasr, Braulio Martinez-Benitez, Alejandra Mijangos-Trejo, Leticia Bornstein-Quevedo, Jorge Albores-Saavedra
BACKGROUND: Study of minimum adenocarcinoma has been done almost exclusively on conventional acinar adenocarcinoma. Pseudohyperplastic adenocarcinoma can be confused with benign lesions because of its well-differentiated appearance and has not been studied when the biopsy shows few malignant glands (limited carcinoma). METHODS: We reviewed 94 pseudohyperplastic adenocarcinomas diagnosed in prostatic biopsies for a period of 12 years and selected those measuring less than 1 mm or involving less than 5% of the biopsied tissue...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698863/evaluation-of-the-expression-of-the-inhibitor-of-apoptosis-protein-family-and-human-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-in-patients-with-advanced-colorectal-adenoma
#5
Joon Young Choi, Hyuk Yoon, Gyeongjae Na, Yoon Jin Choi, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim, Dong Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the expression of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family increases in patients with colon cancer. We evaluated the expression of the IAP family and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) in normal colon mucosa from patients with advanced colorectal adenoma and investigated their features according to characteristics of advanced colorectal adenoma. METHODS: While resections of polyps were performed in patients (n = 80) diagnosed with advanced colorectal adenoma or carcinoma in situ, additional normal tissues were obtained from the sigmoid colon...
June 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685935/gastric-gland-mucin-specific-o-glycan-expression-decreases-with-tumor-progression-from-precursor-lesions-to-pancreatic-cancer
#6
Ayumi Ohya, Kazuhiro Yamanoi, Hisashi Shimojo, Chifumi Fujii, Jun Nakayama
Pancreatic cancer is lethal, as it is often detected late. Thus novel biomarkers of precursor lesions are needed to devise timely therapies. Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) are major precursors of pancreatic cancer. In normal gastric mucosa, gastric gland mucin-specific O-glycans are unique in having α1,4-linked N-acetylglucosamine (αGlcNAc) residues attached to MUC6. Recently we reported that αGlcNAc functions as a tumor suppressor for differentiated-type gastric adenocarcinoma (Karasawa et al...
July 7, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670957/xpnpep2-is-overexpressed-in-cervical-cancer-and-promotes-cervical-cancer-metastasis
#7
Teng Cheng, Rui Wei, Guiying Jiang, Ying Zhou, Mengqin Lv, Yun Dai, Yuan Yuan, Danfeng Luo, Ding Ma, Fei Li, Ling Xi
XPNPEP2 is a proline hydrolytic enzyme that hydrolyzes several biologically active peptides and causes a loss of substrate activity. However, its function in cancer is still unknown. Our study showed that XPNPEP2 expression was significantly upregulated in cervical cancer tissues compared with normal cervical tissues and cervical intraepithelial neoplasm tissues. Statistical analysis showed that XPNPEP2 expression was associated with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage and lymph node metastasis...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658133/expression-of-geminin-p16-and-ki67-in-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasm-and-normal-tissues
#8
Yan Xing, Chaojun Wang, Jie Wu
Geminin is a protein involved in cell cycle progression. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of geminin expression in cervical intraepithelial neoplasm (CIN).The expression of geminin, p16, and Ki67 was examined in 95 samples, including CIN1 (n = 45), CIN2/3 (n = 40), and normal cervical tissues (n = 10) by immunohistochemistry. The correlation between geminin or p16 expression and human papillomavirus (HPV) status was also evaluated.Geminin expression was negative in all normal tissues and expressed in 13...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617892/intestinal-heterotopic-pancreas-involved-by-simultaneous-panin-2-lesion-and-endocrine-microadenoma-a-unique-case
#9
Remus Cornea, Sorina Taban, Cristian Suciu, Codruta Lazureanu, Alis Dema
We hereby present the case of a 58-year-old male who underwent a total gastrectomy for gastric neoplasm. During the surgery, a tumor mass in the jejunum was identified, considered as metastasis, and resected. The histopathological examination of the jejunal lesion showed ectopic pancreas. In this area, two pathological distinct lesions were identified, one histologically compatible with pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) type 2 lesion and the other with morphologic criteria for endocrine microadenoma...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539816/hsa-mir-96-and-hsa-mir-217-expression-down-regulates-with-increasing-dysplasia-in-pancreatic-intraepithelial-neoplasias-and-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms
#10
XiaoYan Chang, ChunKai Yu, Ji Li, Shuangni Yu, Jie Chen
AIM: To compare the clinicopathological features of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasias (PanINs) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), and to investigate the role of hsa-miR-96 and hsa-miR-217 in these two lesions. Methods: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded pancreatic specimens were selected in this study, including 58 cases of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasias (PanINs), 45 cases of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAs), and 57 cases of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs)...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532486/erratum-to-cytokeratin7-and-cytokeratin19-expression-in-high-grade-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasm-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-their-possible-association-in-cervical-carcinogenesis
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528690/clinical-relevance-and-implications-of-hpv-induced-neoplasia-in-different-anatomical-locations
#12
REVIEW
Elena Sophie Prigge, Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz, Miriam Reuschenbach
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are widespread DNA viruses that can infect epithelial cells of the skin and mucosa. Most HPV infections remain clinically unapparent and clear spontaneously. In few cases, however, HPV infections persist and can cause benign and malignant neoplasms at different anatomic locations. Malignant HPV-induced neoplasms are caused by distinct types of HPV (oncogenic or high-risk (HR) HPV types) and present in the anogenital (anus, penis, uterine cervix, vagina and vulva) and head and neck (particularly oropharynx) region...
April 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525420/diagnostic-criteria-in-intraepithelial-pagetoid-neoplasms-a-histopathologic-study-and-evaluation-of-select-features-in-paget-disease-bowen-disease-and-melanoma-in-situ
#13
Amira Elbendary, Ruzeng Xue, Manuel Valdebran, Kara Melissa T Torres, Kruti Parikh, Inas Elattar, Eun Ji Kwon, Dirk M Elston
BACKGROUND: Paget disease, Bowen disease, and malignant melanoma in situ are intraepidermal neoplasms, characterized by the presence of pagetoid scatter of atypical cells in the epidermis. This study reviewed the frequency of select histologic criteria to validate their usefulness in the histologic distinction between these entities. METHODS: One hundred forty-four specimens with the diagnosis of Bowen disease, 144 specimens with Paget disease (mammary and extramammary), and 144 specimens with malignant melanoma in situ were examined microscopically to define frequencies of select histologic criteria present in each disease...
June 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489874/tafazzin-taz-promotes-the-tumorigenicity-of-cervical-cancer-cells-and-inhibits-apoptosis
#14
Mei Chen, Yuan Zhang, Peng-Sheng Zheng
Tafazzin (TAZ) is often aberrantly expressed in some cancers, including rectal cancer and thyroid neoplasms. However, the function of TAZ in cervical cancer cells remains unknown. This study aims to explore the expression and function of TAZ in cervical cancer cells. Here, we determined the expression of TAZ protein in normal cervical tissue (NC, n = 27), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL, n = 26) and squamous cervical carcinoma (SCC, n = 41) by immunohistochemistry, the expression of TAZ protein gradually increased from NC to HSIL to SCC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454277/monocyte-derived-dendritic-cells-from-patients-with-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions
#15
Angela Maria Moed Lopes, Márcia Antoniazi Michelin, Eddie Fernando Cândido Murta
Immunotherapy with dendritic cells (DCs) is a great promise for the treatment of neoplasms. However, the obtainment and protocol of differentiation of these cells may depend on extrinsic factors such as the tumor itself. The aim of the present study was to verify the influence of cervical neoplasia on different protocols of differentiation of monocyte-derived DCs resulting in an increased maturation phenotype. A total of 83 women were included in the study. The patients were grouped in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) (n=30), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) (n=22), cervical cancer (n=10) and healthy patients (n=21) groups...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418352/-fatty-acid-synthase-in-the-diagnosis-of-prostate-neoplasms
#16
D O Allina, Yu Yu Andreeva, L E Zavalishina, L V Moskvina, G A Frank
The differential diagnosis of benign and malignant changes in the prostate presents still definite difficulties; the antibody panel existing for these purposes is imperfect. Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is an androgen-regulated enzyme required for de novo lipogenesis. A number of studies have noted increased expression of the gene encoding this protein in tumors and precancerous lesions of different locations. AIM: Тo estimate the diagnostic value of analyzing the expression of FASN in prostate neoplasias...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413390/a-serous-cystic-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-coexisting-with-high-grade-pancreatic-intraepithelial-neoplasia-mimicking-an-intraepithelial-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-a-case-report
#17
Aya Kawanishi, Kenichi Hirabayashi, Hirotaka Kono, Yumi Takanashi, Atsuko Hadano, Yohei Kawashima, Masami Ogawa, Yoshiaki Kawaguchi, Misuzu Yamada, Toshio Nakagohri, Naoya Nakamura, Tetsuya Mine
Serous cystic neoplasms of the pancreas are rare exocrine pancreatic neoplasms, most of which are benign and do not communicate with the pancreatic duct. Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasm (PanIN) is considered a precursor of ductal adenocarcinoma that is microscopically recognized in pancreatic ducts. A 67-year-old Japanese woman presented with a 10-mm multilocular cystic lesion at the pancreatic body. Magnetic resonance pancreatography showed stenosis of the main pancreatic duct at the pancreatic body and dilatation of the distal side of the main pancreatic duct...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398952/vulvar-and-anal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-terminology-diagnosis-and-ancillary-studies
#18
REVIEW
Eric J Yang, Christina S Kong, Teri A Longacre
Currently, it is recognized that there is an HPV-related and an HPV-independent pathway to developing squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in the anus and vulva. The majority of precursor lesions and SCC in the anus and vulva are high-risk HPV-associated, with HPV16 the most common type. Given the morphologic overlap and biological equivalence of HPV-related preinvasive squamous lesions of the lower anogenital tract, a unified, 2-tiered histopathologic nomenclature is now recommended. In contrast, mutations in the TP53 gene have been associated with HPV-independent vulvar and anal SCC...
May 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386018/panin-neuroendocrine-cells-promote-tumorigenesis-via-neuronal-cross-talk
#19
Smrita Sinha, Ya-Yuan Fu, Adrien Grimont, Maren Ketcham, Kelly Lafaro, Joseph A Saglimbeni, Gokce Askan, Jennifer M Bailey, Jerry P Melchor, Yi Zhong, Min Geol Joo, Olivera Grbovic-Huezo, In-Hong Yang, Olca Basturk, Lindsey Baker, Young Park, Robert C Kurtz, David Tuveson, Steven D Leach, Pankaj J Pasricha
Nerves are a notable feature of the tumor microenvironment in some epithelial tumors, but their role in the malignant progression of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is uncertain. Here, we identify dense innervation in the microenvironment of precancerous pancreatic lesions, known as pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasms (PanIN), and describe a unique subpopulation of neuroendocrine PanIN cells that express the neuropeptide substance P (SP) receptor neurokinin 1-R (NK1-R). Using organoid culture, we demonstrated that sensory neurons promoted the proliferation of PanIN organoids via SP-NK1-R signaling and STAT3 activation...
April 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383565/diversity-of-precursor-lesions-for-pancreatic-cancer-the-genetics-and-biology-of-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm
#20
Krushna C Patra, Nabeel Bardeesy, Yusuke Mizukami
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA), one of the most lethal cancers worldwide, is associated with two main types of morphologically distinct precursors-pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). Although the progression of PanIN into invasive cancer has been well characterized, there remains an urgent need to understand the biology of IPMNs, which are larger radiographically detectable cystic tumors. IPMNs comprise a number of subtypes with heterogeneous histopathologic and clinical features...
April 6, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
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