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intraepithelial neoplasm

Jason T Little, Vance T Lehman, Jonathan M Morris, Julia S Lehman, Felix E Diehn
Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is an uncommon malignancy. It manifests either in the primary form in the skin as an intraepithelial neoplasm, or in secondary form as pagetoid (intraepithelial) spread of an underlying internal carcinoma to the skin. Although local invasion and recurrence of primary extramammary Paget disease are relatively frequent, widespread metastases are rare. As such, there are very few reports and little characterization of the radiologic features of widespread spinal metastases. To our knowledge, there are no prior reports of a metastatic extramammary Paget disease presenting as a painful pathologic vertebral body compression fracture...
May 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
S F Lax
The 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of uterine tumors revealed simplification of the classification by fusion of several entities and the introduction of novel entities. Among the multitude of alterations, the following are named: a simplified classification for precursor lesions of endometrial carcinoma now distinguishes between hyperplasia without atypia and atypical hyperplasia, the latter also known as endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN). For endometrial carcinoma a differentiation is made between type 1 (endometrioid carcinoma with variants and mucinous carcinoma) and type 2 (serous and clear cell carcinoma)...
October 13, 2016: Der Pathologe
Faiyaz Notta, Michelle Chan-Seng-Yue, Mathieu Lemire, Yilong Li, Gavin W Wilson, Ashton A Connor, Robert E Denroche, Sheng-Ben Liang, Andrew M K Brown, Jaeseung C Kim, Tao Wang, Jared T Simpson, Timothy Beck, Ayelet Borgida, Nicholas Buchner, Dianne Chadwick, Sara Hafezi-Bakhtiari, John E Dick, Lawrence Heisler, Michael A Hollingsworth, Emin Ibrahimov, Gun Ho Jang, Jeremy Johns, Lars G T Jorgensen, Calvin Law, Olga Ludkovski, Ilinca Lungu, Karen Ng, Danielle Pasternack, Gloria M Petersen, Liran I Shlush, Lee Timms, Ming-Sound Tsao, Julie M Wilson, Christina K Yung, George Zogopoulos, John M S Bartlett, Ludmil B Alexandrov, Francisco X Real, Sean P Cleary, Michael H Roehrl, John D McPherson, Lincoln D Stein, Thomas J Hudson, Peter J Campbell, Steven Gallinger
Pancreatic cancer, a highly aggressive tumour type with uniformly poor prognosis, exemplifies the classically held view of stepwise cancer development. The current model of tumorigenesis, based on analyses of precursor lesions, termed pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasm (PanINs) lesions, makes two predictions: first, that pancreatic cancer develops through a particular sequence of genetic alterations (KRAS, followed by CDKN2A, then TP53 and SMAD4); and second, that the evolutionary trajectory of pancreatic cancer progression is gradual because each alteration is acquired independently...
October 12, 2016: Nature
Kristen Zhelnin, Yue Xue, Brian Quigley, Michelle D Reid, Hyejeong Choi, Bahar Memis, Volkan Adsay, Alyssa M Krasinskas
Mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) can occur in the pancreas and liver. Classically, these cystic lesions are lined by columnar mucinous epithelium with underlying ovarian-type stroma. It has been proposed that cysts with ovarian-type stroma and nonmucinous epithelium be considered separate entities in both the pancreas and liver. Using a series of 104 pancreatic and 32 hepatic cases, we aimed to further characterize the epithelium present in MCNs. Mucinous epithelium was defined as pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia-like columnar cells with pale pink/clear apical mucin...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Simona Gurzu, Tivadar Bara, Tivadar Bara, Annamaria Fetyko, Ioan Jung
The aim of this study was to present a case of enteric duplication cyst and criteria for a proper differential diagnosis. A 51-year-old male was hospitalized for pancreatic tail neoplasm and distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy was performed. During surgery, a jejunal cystic lesion was incidentally detected and jejunectomy was performed. Microscopically, the cyst was observed to be covered by Keratin 7/Keratin 20 positive intestinal type epithelium and the muscularis layer was shared by the cyst and adjacent jejunum, without a cleavage plane between the cyst wall and jejunal muscularis propria...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Yongzhong Wu, Jennifer L Meitzler, Smitha Antony, Agnes Juhasz, Jiamo Lu, Guojian Jiang, Han Liu, Melinda Hollingshead, Diana C Haines, Donna Butcher, Michaela S Panter, Krishnendu Roy, James H Doroshow
Several NADPH oxidase family members, including dual oxidase 2 [DUOX2], are expressed in human tumors, particularly gastrointestinal cancers associated with long-standing chronic inflammation. We found previously that exposure of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells to the pro-inflammatory cytokine IFN-γ increased DUOX2 expression (but not other NADPH oxidases) leading to long-lived H2O2 production. To elucidate the pathophysiology of DUOX2-mediated H2O2 formation in the pancreas further, we demonstrate here that IFN-γ-treated BxPC-3 and CFPAC-1 pancreatic cancer cells (known to increase DUOX2 expression) produce significant levels of intracellular oxidants and extracellular H2O2 which correlate with concomitant up-regulation of VEGF-A and HIF-1α transcription...
September 15, 2016: Oncotarget
G A Frank, Yu Yu Andreeva, L V Moskvina, G D Efremov, S I Samoilova
The paper reviews the 2016 WHO classification of prostate tumors, notes the alterations made, and describes approaches to the diagnosis of cancer types and grades. It also gives original photomicrographs from the authors' collection. The main alterations were as follows: - The types of prostate adenocarcinoma were added by pleomorphic giant-cell carcinoma; oncocytic (8290/3) and lymphoepithelial (8082/3) carcinomas were excluded. - Grade III prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) was substituted for high grade PIN (8148/2)...
July 2016: Arkhiv Patologii
Yanfang Chen, Ye Zhao, Xiaojing Zhao, Ruihua Shi
Aims. To retrospectively analyze the clinical outcomes for a large number of endoscopic submucosal dissections (ESDs) in early esophageal squamous cell neoplasms (ESCNs) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Patients and Methods. From January 2010 to February 2014, 296 patients (mean age 61.4 years, range 31-85 years; 202 men) with 307 early ESCNs (79 intramucosal invasive esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) and 228 high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN) cases) were included from a total of 519 consecutive patients who were treated by esophageal ESD at our hospital...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Jingjing Gong, Glenn Belinsky, Usman Sagheer, Xuchen Zhang, Paul J Grippo, Chuhan Chung
An increase in autophagy characterizes pancreatic carcinogenesis, but the signals that regulate this process are incompletely understood. Because canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling is necessary for the transition from early to advanced pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) lesions, we assessed whether Wnt ligands and endogenous inhibitors of Wnt signaling modulate autophagy. In this study, canonical Wnt3a ligand induced autophagy markers and vacuoles in murine PanIN cells. Furthermore, pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a secreted glycoprotein known for its anti-tumor properties, blocked Wnt3a-directed induction of autophagy proteins...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Y Sugiyama, J Sasajima, Y Mizukami, K Koizumi, T Kawamoto, Y Ono, H Karasaki, H Tanabe, M Fujiya, Y Kohgo
The hedgehog pathway is known to promote proliferation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) and has been shown to restrain tumor progression. To understand how hedgehog causes these effects, we sought to carefully examine protein expression of hedgehog signaling components during different tumor stages. Genetically engineered mice, Pdx1-Cre;LSL-KrasG12D and Pdx1-Cre;LSL-KrasG12D;p53lox/+, were utilized to model distinct phases of tumorigenesis, pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasm (PanIN) and PDA. Human pancreatic specimens of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) and PDA were also employed...
June 2016: Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
Junpei Yamaguchi, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Andrew S Liss, Sanjib Chowdhury, Timothy C Wang, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Keith D Lillemoe, Andrew L Warshaw, Sarah P Thayer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the origin of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN). Pancreatic duct glands (PDGs) are gland-like outpouches budding off the main pancreatic ducts that function as progenitor niche for the ductal epithelium; they express gastric mucins and have characteristics of side-branch IPMN. We investigated whether PDGs are a precursor compartment for IPMN and the role of trefoil factor family 2 (TFF2)- a protein expressed by PDGs and the gastric mucosa that are involved in epithelial repair and tumor suppression...
August 11, 2016: Gastroenterology
Takashi Muraki, Michelle D Reid, Olca Basturk, Kee-Taek Jang, Gabriela Bedolla, Pelin Bagci, Pardeep Mittal, Bahar Memis, Nora Katabi, Sudeshna Bandyopadhyay, Juan M Sarmiento, Alyssa Krasinskas, David S Klimstra, Volkan Adsay
Undifferentiated carcinomas with osteoclastic giant cells of the pancreas (OGC) are rare tumors. The current impression in the literature is that they are highly aggressive tumors similar in prognosis to ductal adenocarcinomas. In this study, the clinicopathologic characteristics of 38 resected OGCs were investigated and contrasted with 725 resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas without osteoclastic cells (PDCs). The frequency among systematically reviewed pancreatic cancers was 1.4%. OGCs showed a slight female predominance (62...
September 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Cheng-Chieh Chen, Lee-Wen Huang, Chyi-Huey Bai, Chin-Cheng Lee
BACKGROUND: The Papanicolaou (Pap) test is one screening strategy used to prevent cervical cancer in developed countries. The p16/Ki-67 immunocytochemistry is a triage test performed on Pap smears in women with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to review studies investigating the diagnostic performance of p16/Ki-67 dual stain for triage of women with abnormal Pap tests...
July 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Q L Li, L Ding, J Nan, C L Liu, Z K Yang, F Chen, Y L Liang, J T Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the interaction between folate and the expression of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2(MeCP2)in cervical cancerization. METHODS: Forty one patients diagnosed with cervical squamous cell carcinoma(SCC), 71 patients diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasm(CIN1, n=34; CIN2 +, n=37)and 61 women with normal cervix(NC)were recruited in this study. Microbiological assay was conducted to detect the levels of serum folate and RBC folate, Western blot assay and real-time PCR were performed to detect the expression levels of MeCP2 protein and mRNA, respectively...
July 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
I Bobyr, A Campanati, V Consales, E Martina, E Molinelli, F Diotallevi, V Brisigotti, M Giangiacomi, G Ganzetti, K Giuliodori, A Offidani
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratosis (AK) is a cutaneous intraepithelial neoplasm that typically develops on sun-damaged skin. The incidence of AK is increasing worldwide, and it is accepted as the most frequent pre-malignant lesion in humans. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that ingenol mebutate gel is effective in the treatment of actinic keratoses because of its clinical, dermoscopic, capillaroscopic, histopathological and immunohistochemical treatment outcomes. METHODS: Sixty individuals with multiple non-hypertrophic AKs were enrolled into this non-randomized, open-label, prospective, trial...
July 25, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Sara Chiblak, Brigitte Steinbauer, Andrea Pohl-Arnold, Dagmar Kucher, Amir Abdollahi, Christian Schwager, Birgit Höft, Irene Esposito, Karin Müller-Decker
Mutational activation of K-Ras is an initiating event of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC) that may develop either from pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) or intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN). Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is causally related to pancreatic carcinogenesis. Here, we deciphered the impact of COX-2, a key modulator of inflammation, in concert with active mutant K-Ras(G12D) on tumor burden and gene expression signature using compound mutant mouse lines...
2016: Scientific Reports
Shoji Kubo, Shigekazu Takemura, Shogo Tanaka, Hiroji Shinkawa, Masahiko Kinoshita, Genya Hamano, Tokuji Ito, Masaki Koda, Takanori Aota, Takatsugu Yamamoto, Hiroaki Terajima, Gorou Tachiyama, Terumasa Yamada, Shoji Nakamori, Akira Arimoto, Masahiro Fujikawa, Yoshito Tomimaru, Yasuhiko Sugawara, Kei Nakagawa, Michiaki Unno, Toru Mizuguchi, Kenji Takenaka, Koichi Kimura, Ken Shirabe, Akio Saiura, Katsuhiko Uesaka, Hiroki Taniguchi, Akira Fukuda, Ja-Mun Chong, Yuko Kuwae, Masahiko Ohsawa, Yasunori Sato, Yasuni Nakanuma
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma caused by exposure to 1,2-dichloropropane and/or dichloromethane is recognized as occupational cholangiocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes after resection of occupational cholangiocarcinoma to establish a treatment strategy for this disease. METHODS: Clinicopathological findings and outcomes after surgical intervention in 20 patients with occupational cholangiocarcinoma were investigated. RESULTS: Of 20 the patients, curative resection was performed in 16 patients...
September 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Hiep Nguyen Canh, Kenichi Harada
Biliary epithelial cells preferentially respond to various insults under chronic pathological conditions leading to reactively atypical changes, hyperplasia, or the development of biliary neoplasms (such as biliary intraepithelial neoplasia, intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct, and cholangiocarcinoma). Moreover, benign biliary strictures can be caused by a variety of disorders (such as IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis, eosinophilic cholangitis, and follicular cholangitis) and often mimic malignancies, despite their benign nature...
June 27, 2016: Medical Molecular Morphology
J Nan, L Ding, X Z Liu, J Li, T T Wu, X Chen, J T Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the interaction between folate and the expression of HPV16 E6/E7 mRNA in the progression of cervix carcinogenesis. METHODS: Subjects were selected from the participants who were diagnosed pathologically, including 64 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 55 patients with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasm (CIN1), 55 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasm (CIN2+) and 80 with normal cervix (NC). The levels of serum folate and RBC folate were detected by microbiological assay, and the expression levels of HPV16 E6/E7 mRNA were measured, using the real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR)...
June 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Motoko Sasaki, Takeo Nitta, Yasunori Sato, Yasuni Nakanuma
OBJECTIVES: Given frequent inactivating mutations in a chromatin-remodeling gene (ARID1A) in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in recent exome sequencing analysis, this study investigates the clinicopathologic significance of the loss of ARID1A expression in biliary carcinomas. METHODS: We examined the inactivating mutations in ARID1A by immunohistochemistry and the relationship with clinicopathologic features in 13 patients with combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (cHC-CC), 49 with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC), 17 with intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB), 72 with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHCC), and 43 with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC)...
June 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
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