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Facial infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145277/tricho-hepato-enteric-syndrome-with-novel-skiv2l-gene-mutations-a-case-report
#1
Eitaro Hiejima, Takahiro Yasumi, Hiroshi Nakase, Minoru Matsuura, Yusuke Honzawa, Hirokazu Higuchi, Ikuo Okafuji, Tohru Yorifuji, Takayuki Tanaka, Kazushi Izawa, Tomoki Kawai, Ryuta Nishikomori, Toshio Heike
RATIONALE: Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome (THES) is a rare disorder caused by mutations in the TTC37 or SKIV2L genes and characterized by chronic diarrhea, liver disease, hair abnormalities, and high mortality in early childhood due to severe infection or liver cirrhosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient is the second child of three siblings born to non-consanguineous healthy Japanese parents. She had intrauterine growth retardation and was delivered at 33 weeks of gestation due to placental abruption...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144832/postoperative-complications-of-dermis-fat-autografts-in-the-anophthalmic-socket
#2
Victoria Starks, Suzanne K Freitag
Reconstruction of the anophthalmic socket allows the use of an ocular prosthesis and rehabilitation of facial appearance. Dermis-fat grafting is one option in volume augmentation of the anophthalmic socket and presents unique benefits, including increased surface area within the socket and the ability to grow with pediatric patients. Postoperative complications of this procedure are relatively common. Minor complications, such as graft hirsutism, keratinization, and conjunctival cysts or granulomas, are managed easily by observation or simple intervention...
November 16, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141583/clinical-and-molecular-genetic-characterization-of-familial-mecp2-duplication-syndrome-in-a-chinese-family
#3
Xiaoyan Li, Hua Xie, Qian Chen, Xiongying Yu, Zhaoshi Yi, Erzhen Li, Ting Zhang, Jian Wang, Jianmin Zhong, Xiaoli Chen
BACKGROUND: Chromosomal duplication at the Xq28 region including the MECP2 gene, share consistent clinical phenotypes and a distinct facial phenotype known as MECP2 duplication syndrome. The typical clinical features include infantile hypotonia , mild dysmorphic features, a broad range of neurodevelopmental disorders, recurrent infections, and progressive spasticity. METHODS: This Chinese MECP2 duplication syndrome family includes six patients (five males and one female), and four asymptomatic female carriers...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135167/a-young-man-with-respiratory-infection-and-facial-rash
#4
Åse Garløv Riis, Åse Berg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132490/rehabilitation-of-a-complex-oro-facial-defect-by-modified-prosthetic-approach
#5
Saumyendra V Singh, Himanshi Aggarwal, Vinit Shah, Pradeep Kumar, Deeksha Arya
Loss of part of the face is associated with physical disability, social isolation and immense psychological trauma. Proper rehabilitation of such a patient is a challenging yet satisfying task for a maxillofacial prosthodontist. Facial prostheses are commonly fabricated of silicone because of many favorable properties, though it predisposes to fungal growth.This report is of a patient with history of uncontrolled diabetes and associated invasive fungal infection, leading to a complex oro-facial defect, which was rehabilitated successfully with a silicone facial prosthesis lined by a material more resistant to fungal growth along with a cast partial obturator...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120995/surveillance-for-lyme-disease-united-states-2008-2015
#6
Amy M Schwartz, Alison F Hinckley, Paul S Mead, Sarah A Hook, Kiersten J Kugeler
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vectorborne disease in the United States but is geographically focal. The majority of Lyme disease cases occur in the Northeast, mid-Atlantic, and upper Midwest regions. Lyme disease can cause varied clinical manifestations, including erythema migrans, arthritis, facial palsy, and carditis. Lyme disease occurs most commonly among children and older adults, with a slight predominance among males. REPORTING PERIOD: 2008-2015...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119040/giant-mucopyocele-associated-with-intracranial-hypertension-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Maick Willen Fernandes Neves, Luis Otavio Carneiro Pontelli, Luiz Gustavo de Abreu Mattos, Mariana Mazzuia Guimarães, Telmo Augusto Barba Belsuzarri, Tiago Fernandes Gonçales, Wolnei Marques Zeviani, Paulo Henrique Pires de Aguiar, João Flavio Mattos Araújo
Background: Mucoceles are epithelial lined sacs that contain mucous. Eventually, they can be infected and so called mucopyoceles, which are usually slow growing lesions with common bone destruction located in the facial sinus. Mucoceles show multivariate etiology and occur between the fourth and seventh decade of life. Case Description: Patient, 55-year-old, female, was referred unconscious with Cushing's triad to our department; she had fever since four days. The findings of skull computer tomography highlighted a large bifrontal lesion with an invasion of the rear wall of the frontal sinus, compression of the frontal lobes, and midline deviation...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118985/acute-development-of-cushing-syndrome-in-an-hiv-infected-child-on-atazanavir-ritonavir-based-antiretroviral-therapy
#8
Gueorgui Dubrocq, Andrea Estrada, Shannon Kelly, Natella Rakhmanina
An 11-year-old male with perinatally acquired human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection on antiretroviral regimen, which included abacavir plus lamivudine (Epzicom), didanosine, ritonavir and atazanavir presented with bilateral axillary striae, increased appetite, fatigue, facial swelling and acute weight gain. Two months prior to presentation, the patient had received a diagnostic and therapeutic intra-articular triamcinolone injection in the knee for pain relief and subsequently became progressively swollen in the face, developed striae bilaterally at the axillae, experienced increased appetite, fatigue and an 8 pound weight gain...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117294/computer-assisted-planning-and-3d-printing-assisted-modeling-for-chin-augmentation
#9
Po-Chuan Chang
Background: Patients are frequently not satisfied with the outcome of chin augmentation. Objectives: We report the use of three-dimensional (3D) imaging and printing to design custom fit porous polyethylene chin implants. Methods: Patients requesting chin augmentation received 3D computed tomography (CT) imaging of the facial area. Patients could select the chin contour they desired by viewing 3D images of their face and chin. A 3D mandible replicate was printed from the CT data, and used to sculpt the inner surface of the implant to match the shape of the mandible, and the outer surface to match the contour the patient desired...
May 30, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114929/disfiguring-facial-mycoses-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge
#10
G H D C Janappriya, C N Gunasekera, B S D N Keragala, B S Dissanayake, P D Liyanagama, V Shanmuhathas, B Thanushah, L S M Sigera, P I Jayasekera
Some fungal infections may lead to devastating destruction of face, sometimes followed by fatal consequences. Conidiobolus coronatus is a rare, but serious emerging fungal pathogen of humans, causing Conidiobolomycosis, commonly infecting nasal mucosa and with potential to extend to involve vital structures such as brain and eyes. Treatment of this infection is extremely difficult and can cause significant disfiguring sequale, unless aggressively treated. We illustrate an interesting case, encountered within a short space of time affected by such infections and emphasize the need for thorough evaluation, investigation and aggressive initial treatment to achieve a good clinical response...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114432/eye-related-trauma-and-infection-in-dentistry
#11
REVIEW
Hasan Ekmekcioglu, Meral Unur
Despite numerous technological and medical developments achieved in recent years, a significant amount of occupational health problems still exist in modern dentistry. The risk of eye injury is mostly attributed to the use of high-speed hand pieces and ultrasonic devices. A dental clinic may be the source of eye-related infection and injury because of mechanical, chemical, microbiological and electromagnetic irritants. Accidents may cause facial injuries that involve eyes of the clinicians, patients as well as dental assistants...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113735/c-reactive-protein-concentration-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-inflammation-in-the-management-of-odontogenic-infections
#12
R Mirochnik, S Araida, V Yaffe, I Abu El-Naaj
Our aim was to find out if it is possible to correlate the duration of stay in hospital, the severity of infection, involvement of particular anatomical spaces, white cell count, efficacy of surgical treatment, and fever with C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations on admission. One hundred patients met our inclusion criteria. After their notes had been examined they were subdivided according to whether the infection of the main facial space involved was less severe, moderately severe, or very severe. The relations between degree of severity and CRP concentration on admission (<100mg/L compared with 100+), age (years), sex, and duration of hospital stay (days) were examined using Poisson regression (because the distribution of characteristics, and particularly the duration of stay, were skewed)...
November 4, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103446/miniscrew-assisted-multidisciplinary-orthodontic-treatment-with-surgical-mandibular-advancement-and-genioplasty-in-a-brachyfacial-class-ii-patient-with-mandibular-asymmetry
#13
Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo, Verónica García-Sanz, Carlos Bellot-Arcís
This article describes the complex dental treatment of a 43-year-old man with skeletal Class II, mandibular asymmetry, severe brachyfacial pattern, Class II Division 2, canting of the occlusal plane, and an increased curve of Spee. To achieve optimal results, we adopted a multidisciplinary approach to treatment, involving periodontics, oral surgery, orthodontics, maxillofacial surgery, and prosthetics specialists. After periodontal treatment, miniscrews were placed to correct the occlusal plane canting and the excessive curve of Spee with orthodontic treatment...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101992/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-sinonasal-disease
#14
Claudia F E Kirsch, Julie Bykowski, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, Asim F Choudhri, David B Conley, Michael D Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Rathan M Subramaniam, Sophia C Symko, Rebecca S Cornelius
Imaging of sinonasal pathology may occur for assessment of rhinosinusitis or mass lesions. Rhinosinusitis is prevalent in up to 16% of the US population with annual economic burdens estimated at 22 billion dollars. Rhinosinusitis is characterized as acute or chronic based on symptom duration; if four or more episodes occur annually, the term recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) is used. In acute uncomplicated rhinosinusitis when inflammatory change remains in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, imaging may not be required...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099327/extensive-cerebrovascular-disease-and-stroke-with-prolonged-prodromal-symptoms-as-first-presentation-of-perinatally-acquired-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-a-young-adult
#15
T G Chigonda, G T Chatora, G W Ngwende, R F Miller, R A Ferrand
A 26-year-old black African woman presented with an acute onset of hemiparesis and visual symptoms. This had been preceded several months by symptoms which were apparently psychiatric in nature. She had no apparent risk for cerebrovascular disease. Neurological evaluation revealed a striking burden of cerebrovascular disease for her age, including the rare stroke syndrome of basilar artery occlusion. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was identified during clinical assessment. This was judged to be perinatally acquired, as there was no history of sexual debut or blood transfusion; her mother was taking antiretroviral therapy and she had facial planar warts and underlying bronchiectasis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094889/chronic-rhinosinusitis
#16
Ahmad R Sedaghat
Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses that occurs in 1% to 5% of the U.S. POPULATION: It may significantly decrease quality of life. Chronic rhinosinusitis is defined by the presence of at least two out of four cardinal symptoms (i.e., facial pain/pressure, hyposmia/anosmia, nasal drainage, and nasal obstruction) for at least 12 consecutive weeks, in addition to objective evidence. Objective evidence of chronic rhinosinusitis may be obtained on physical examination (anterior rhinoscopy, endoscopy) or radiography, preferably from sinus computed tomography...
October 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090455/furuncular-myiasis-for-the-western-dermatologist-treatment-in-outpatient-consultation
#17
Romain Blaizot, Christophe Vanhecke, Philippe Le Gall, Alexandre Duvignaud, Marie-Catherine Receveur, Denis Malvy
BACKGROUND: Furuncular myiasis is likely to be seen by Western dermatologists because of the increasing number of international travelers but remains unfamiliar to most of them, who tend to refer these patients to hospitals. Different treatments have been proposed, but many of them are not achievable in outpatient consultation. METHODS: We reported three typical cases of furuncular myiasis, according to each species involved, and proposed diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines for dermatologists in outpatient consultation...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090055/severe-rosacea-a-case-report
#18
Ebrahim Shirzadeh, Abbas Bagheri, Mojtaba Fattahi Abdizadeh, Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi
PURPOSE: To describe a case of severe rosacea with ocular involvement. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old female patient presented with extensive facial and ocular eruptions. She had a history of treatment with oral prednisolone due to the clinical diagnosis of lupus erythematosus (LE), which had resulted in transient improvement of the lesions, but was followed by exacerbation of the lesions. With the clinical diagnosis of severe oculofacial rosacea, she was successfully treated with oral doxycycline, steroid eye drops, and ocular lubricants...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082569/deep-facial-mycosis-due-to-trichophyton-verrucosum-molecular-genetic-identification-of-the-dermatophyte-in-paraffin-embedded-tissue-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
U Wollina, G Hansel, S Uhrlaß, C Krüger, J Schönlebe, U-C Hipler, P Nenoff
Deep trichophytosis is relatively uncommon. The infection of the bearded area is also known as sycosis barbae or tinea barbae and can be caused by various fungal species, most often zoophilic fungi. We report on an 80-year-old male patient with severe sycosis barbae who had no animal contact and was treated with systemic antibiosis without improvement. Microbial and mycological investigations using swabs from oozing lesions revealed Staphylococcus hemolyticus and Candida parapsilosis. Histology demonstrated fungal elements in hair follicles...
October 30, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070622/sepsis-ptosis-an-unusual-diagnosis
#20
Brooke Leigh Powell, Oliver Toby Charles Morgan
The authors present the case of a 19-year old man presenting to the emergency department with a 2-day history of left eye pain and ptosis, facial pain around the maxillae, coryza, headaches and fevers. He had a background of autism, mild learning disability, obsessive-compulsive disorder and asthma. Within the last month, his risperidone and sertraline doses had been increased. Basic observations and investigations suggested sepsis: tachypnoea, sinus tachycardia, fever and a raised white cell count and C reactive protein level...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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