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Facial infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086977/people-living-with-hiv-on-art-have-accurate-perception-of-lipodystrophy-signs-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Paulo R Alencastro, Nemora T Barcellos, Fernando H Wolff, Maria Letícia R Ikeda, Fabiana Schuelter-Trevisol, Ajácio B M Brandão, Sandra C Fuchs
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of lipodystrophy ranges from 31 to 65%, depending on the criteria adopted for diagnosis. The usual methods applied in the diagnosis vary from self-perception, medical examination, skinfolds measurements, or even imaging assessment for confirmation of fat distribution changes. Although several methods have been developed, there is no gold standard for characterization of LA and LH, or mixed forms. This study aimed to compare self-reported signs of lipodystrophy with objective measures by skinfolds and circumferences, and to evaluate the prevalence of lipoatrophy (LA) and lipohypertrophy (LH) among subjects living with HIV/AIDS on ART...
January 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078312/biallelic-scn10a-mutations-in-neuromuscular-disease-and-epileptic-encephalopathy
#2
Marios Kambouris, Julien Thevenon, Ariane Soldatos, Allison Cox, Joshi Stephen, Tawfeg Ben-Omran, Yasser Al-Sarraj, Hala Boulos, William Bone, James C Mullikin, Alice Masurel-Paulet, Judith St-Onge, Yannis Dufford, Corrine Chantegret, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Jamil Al-Alami, Laurence Faivre, Jean Baptiste Riviere, William A Gahl, Alexander G Bassuk, May Christine V Malicdan, Hatem El-Shanti
OBJECTIVES: Two consanguineous families, one of Sudanese ethnicity presenting progressive neuromuscular disease, severe cognitive impairment, muscle weakness, upper motor neuron lesion, anhydrosis, facial dysmorphism, and recurrent seizures and the other of Egyptian ethnicity presenting with neonatal hypotonia, bradycardia, and recurrent seizures, were evaluated for the causative gene mutation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Homozygosity mapping and whole exome sequencing (WES) identified damaging homozygous variants in SCN10A, namely c...
January 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070493/rhinosporidiosis-report-of-an-extra-ductal-facial-lesion
#3
Sapna S Nambiar, Suma Radhakrishnan, Anusha Vijayan
Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic granulomatous mucocutaneous disease that is endemic in South Asia. It commonly affects men in the second to fourth decade of life. The most common site of infection is the nose or nasopharynx with primary involvement of the parotid duct noted very rarely; only four cases reported in literature. We report a case of a 77 year old male patient who presented with a subcutaneous cheek swelling with no other clinical features to suggest the diagnosis of rhinosporidiosis. An unusual affliction in a patient in the seventh decade of life, at a site not reported previously with no past history of the same makes it imperative to ascertain the known facts about both the organism and the disease...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069040/anti-inflammatory-and-immune-regulatory-effects-of-acupuncture-after-craniotomy-study-protocol-for-a-parallel-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Seung-Yeon Cho, Seung-Bo Yang, Hee Sup Shin, Seung Hwan Lee, Jun Seok Koh, Seungwon Kwon, Woo-Sang Jung, Sang-Kwan Moon, Jung-Mi Park, Chang-Nam Ko, Seong-Uk Park
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in the medical and surgical fields, complications such as infection, pneumonia, or brain swelling may occur after a craniotomy. In some patients, perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis causes adverse effects such as itching, rash, or digestive conditions. Certain patients still develop infections severe enough to require a repeat operation despite antibiotic prophylaxis. Acupuncture has been used to treat inflammatory conditions, and many basic and clinical studies have provided evidence of its anti-inflammatory and immune regulatory effects...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063008/association-study-of-demodex-bacteria-and-facial-dermatoses-based-on-dgge-technique
#5
YaE Zhao, Fan Yang, RuiLing Wang, DongLing Niu, Xin Mu, Rui Yang, Li Hu
The role of bacteria is unclear in the facial skin lesions caused by Demodex. To shed some light on this issue, we conducted a case-control study comparing cases with facial dermatoses with controls with healthy skin using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) technique. The bacterial diversity, composition, and principal component were analyzed for Demodex bacteria and the matched facial skin bacteria. The result of mite examination showed that all 33 cases were infected with Demodex folliculorum (D...
January 6, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062188/a-comprehensive-analysis-and-immunobiology-of-autoimmune-neurological-syndromes-during-the-zika-virus-outbreak-in-c%C3%A3%C2%BAcuta-colombia
#6
Juan-Manuel Anaya, Yhojan Rodríguez, Diana M Monsalve, Daniel Vega, Ernesto Ojeda, Diana González-Bravo, Mónica Rodríguez-Jiménez, Carlos A Pinto-Díaz, Pablo Chaparro, María L Gunturiz, Aftab A Ansari, M Eric Gershwin, Nicolás Molano-González, Carolina Ramírez-Santana, Yeny Acosta-Ampudia
We have focused on the epidemiology and immunobiology of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and factors associated with the development of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and other neurological syndromes in Cúcuta, the capital of North Santander department, Colombia. Data of patients with ZIKV disease reported to the national population-based surveillance system were used to calculate the basic reproduction number (R0) and the attack rates (ARs) as well as to develop epidemiological maps. Patients with neurological syndromes were contacted and their diagnoses were confirmed...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056150/trends-in-otolaryngology-consultation-patterns-at-an-academic-quaternary-care-center
#7
Kevin J Choi, Russel R Kahmke, Matthew G Crowson, Liana Puscas, Richard L Scher, Seth M Cohen
Importance: The consultation patterns of an otolaryngology-head and neck surgery service have not previously been reported. The time, resources, and attention required to operate such a consultation service are unknown. Objective: To assess trends in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery consultations conducted in emergency departments (EDs) and inpatient services. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the medical records of patients at a quaternary care center receiving inpatient otolaryngology consultations from January 1 to December 31, 2014...
January 5, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050511/oral-manifestations-of-job-s-syndrome-in-a-paediatric-dental-patient-a-case-report
#8
Jeswin James, Anupam Kumar Thekkeveetil, Kannan Vadakkepurayil
Job's syndrome or Hyperimmunoglobulin E Syndrome (HIES) is a rare primary immunodeficiency with marked increase in serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and eczematous dermatitis. Individuals with HIES share characteristic facial features, with many oral manifestations like retained deciduous teeth, fissured tongue, missing permanent tooth buds, recurrent oral candidiasis, oral mucosal and gingival lesions. Two forms of disease have been identified based on the defective gene as autosomal dominant form and autosomal recessive form...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045829/the-effect-of-smoking-on-facial-fat-grafting-surgery
#9
Burhan Özalp, Çağri Çakmakoğlu
Facial fat grafting has been increasingly performed to create a more youthful face. Cigarette smoking might have potential harmful effects on fat graft survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cigarette smoking on facial lipofilling.Eighteen smoker patients (13 females and 5 males) with a mean age of 37.4 years (range: 21-53 years) who underwent facial lipofilling were enrolled in this retrospective study. The patients were followed up for an average of 19.3 months (range: 14-32 months)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032173/clinical-outcomes-and-complications-associated-with-fractional-lasers-a-review-of-730-patients
#10
Steven R Cohen, Ashley Goodacre, Soobin Lim, Jennifer Johnston, Cory Henssler, Brian Jeffers, Ahmad Saad, Tracy Leong
BACKGROUND: Fractional lasers were introduced to provide increased safety, while maintaining high efficacy and patient satisfaction. Patients with virtually all Fitzpatrick skin types could be safely treated using a wide spectrum of wavelengths and a broad array of skin conditions, and aging could be addressed. Although safety studies have been reported for ablative CO2 and erbium lasers, surprisingly few data are available on adverse events and complications associated with fractional lasers...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031453/acute-liver-failure-meets-soph-syndrome-a-case-report-on-an-intermediate-phenotype
#11
Fanny Kortüm, Iris Marquardt, Malik Alawi, Georg Christoph Korenke, Stephanie Spranger, Peter Meinecke, Kerstin Kutsche
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a life-threatening condition in the absence of preexisting liver disease in children. The main clinical presentation comprises hepatic dysfunction, elevated liver biochemical values, and coagulopathy. The etiology of ALF remains unclear in most affected children; however, the recent identification of mutations in the neuroblastoma amplified sequence (NBAS) gene in autosomal recessively inherited ALF has shed light on the cause of a subgroup of fever-triggered pediatric ALF episodes...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027285/acute-rhinosinusitis-in-immunosuppressed-children-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management
#12
Amit Ritter, Salvador Fischer, Eitan Yaniv, Tuvia Hadar, Ethan Soudry, Daniel Shai, Dror Gilony, Gideon Bachar
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressive therapy places pediatric patients at risk of developing life-threatening sinonasal infections. Diagnosis and treatment is challenging owing to nonspecific signs and symptoms. The aim of the study was to present our department's experience with the surgical management of acute rhinosinusitis in immunosuppressed children. METHODS: The records of all children with a hematologic or oncologic disease who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for acute rhinosinusitis from January 2005 to May 2014 were reviewed...
December 23, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018439/phelan-mcdermid-syndrome-presenting-with-developmental-delays-and-facial-dysmorphisms
#13
Yoon-Myung Kim, In-Hee Choi, Jun Suk Kim, Ja Hye Kim, Ja Hyang Cho, Beom Hee Lee, Gu-Hwan Kim, Jin-Ho Choi, Eul-Ju Seo, Han-Wook Yoo
Phelan-McDermid syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused by the terminal or interstitial deletion of the chromosome 22q13.3. Patients with this syndrome usually have global developmental delay, hypotonia, and speech delays. Several putative genes such as the SHANK3, RAB, RABL2B, and IB2 are responsible for the neurological features. This study describes the clinical features and outcomes of Korean patients with Phelan-McDermid syndrome. Two patients showing global developmental delay, hypotonia, and speech delay were diagnosed with Phelan-McDermid syndrome via chromosome analysis, fluorescent in situ hybridization, and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analysis...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005771/ocular-reconstruction-using-bone-anchored-implants-in-irradiated-facial-deformities-after-tumor-extirpation
#14
Mansher Singh, Raquel Minasian, Matthew Jackson, E J Caterson
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection of ocular malignancies can result in complex craniofacial defects that can be difficult to reconstruct with conventional reconstruction techniques. Craniofacial prosthesis supported by bone-anchored implants has evolved as a reliable alternative in such scenarios. METHODS: The authors describe a patient who underwent extensive facial resection secondary to squamous cell carcinoma resulting in significant facial deformities. A bone-anchored osseointegrated implant was used to perform facial reconstruction...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999114/improved-management-of-harlequin-ichthyosis-with-advances-in-neonatal-intensive-care
#15
REVIEW
Jaimie B Glick, Brittany G Craiglow, Keith A Choate, Hugo Kato, Robert E Fleming, Elaine Siegfried, Sharon A Glick
Harlequin ichthyosis (HI) is the most severe phenotype of the autosomal recessive congenital ichthyoses. HI is caused by mutations in the lipid transporter adenosine triphosphate binding cassette A 12 (ABCA12). Neonates are born with a distinct clinical appearance, encased in a dense, platelike keratotic scale separated by deep erythematous fissures. Facial features are distorted by severe ectropion, eclabium, flattened nose, and rudimentary ears. Skin barrier function is markedly impaired, which can lead to hypernatremic dehydration, impaired thermoregulation, increased metabolic demands, and increased risk of respiratory dysfunction and infection...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994363/bilateral-abducens-and-facial-nerve-palsies-as-a-localizing-sign-due-to-reduction-in-intracranial-pressure-after-fourth-ventriculoperitoneal-shunting
#16
Boby Varkey Maramattom, Dilip Panikar
A trapped fourth ventricle often requires fourth ventriculoperitoneal shunting (4VP). Complications of this procedure include shunt blockage, infection, shunt migration, and overdrainage. Cranial nerve palsies are very rare after 4VP shunting and have been described with over drainage and brainstem distortion. We present an unusual case of bilateral abducens and facial nerve palsies after 4VP shunting after normalization of 4(th) ventricular parameters. Measurement of various brainstem angles presented us with a plausible hypothesis to explain the cranial nerve dysfunction...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989977/a-review-of-the-literature-on-the-transciliary-supraorbital-keyhole-approach
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Walter Zumofen, Jonathan Rychen, Michel Roethlisberger, Ethan Taub, Daniel Kalbermatten, Erez Nossek, Matthew Potts, Raphael Guzman, Howard Antony Riina, Luigi Mariani
BACKGROUND: Conventional craniotomy approaches involve substantial soft tissue manipulation that can cause complications. The transciliary supraorbital keyhole approach was developed to avoid these complications. OBJECTIVE: To review the safety and effectiveness of the transciliary supraorbital keyhole approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed/Medline database for full-text publications from 1996 onward containing data on 100 or more cases of aneurysm clipping or tumor resection by the transciliary supraorbital approach...
October 27, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988149/a-technique-for-facial-reanimation-the-partial-temporalis-muscle-tendon-transfer-with-a-fascia-lata-sling
#18
Thomas Edward Pidgeon, Radovan Boca, Fazel Fatah
BACKGROUND: This report describes the results of a surgical procedure for facial reanimation. This single-stage technique involves the orthodromic transfer of only a superficial segment of the temporalis tendon. This is extended with fascia lata to achieve elevation of the oral commissure along the desired vector in the paralysed hemi-face. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was performed. Patients' photographs were objectively evaluated with Facial Assessment by Computer Evaluation (FACE) software...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987519/-autoimmune-disorder-secondary-to-digeorge-syndrome-a-long-term-follow-up-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Y Xie, J Q Guo, Y Hua, W H Zhao, Q Sun, X T Lu
DiGeorge syndrome is the most common chromosome microdeletion disease. The classical complications include congenital heart disease, hypothyroidism, immunodeficiency, facial abnormalities, and hypocalcemia. According to whether there is an absence or hypoplasia of the thymus, DiGeorge syndrome can be divided into two types, complete DiGeorge syndrome and partial DiGeorge syndrome. The patient was a female born with congenital heart disease, facial abnormalities and cleft palate. When the patient went to school, she had learning difficulty and had problems in communication and personal social behavior...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979363/-aplasia-cutis-congenita-associated-with-epidermolysis-bullosa
#20
Félix Muñoz-Guerrero, Adrián Antonio Muñoz-Solís, José Manuel Ornelas-Aguirre
INTRODUCTION: Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a skin condition of rare presentation, this disease is characterized by absence of skin at birth and associated with facial, skin and bone skull deformities. The diagnosis is mainly clinical. CASE REPORT: Male 5 days after birth, unique product of primigravida mother and no family history of relevance. Physical examination revealed bilateral and symmetrical skin defects of both lower extremities, the disease is characterized by skin fragility, scabs, and coated pseudomembrane ulcers, decreased interdigital space between toes of the left foot, retraction of the foot and genu varum...
December 12, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
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