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Facial infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632885/restoring-facial-symmetry-through-non-surgical-cosmetic-procedures-after-permanent-facial-paralxsis-a-case-report
#1
Ali Sahan, Funda Tamer
Facial nerve paralysis can occur due to infection, inflammation, trauma, surgery, and tumors. It leads to facial asymmetry, impaired oral competence, articulation deficits, and psychological problems. Treatment options include physical therapy, static slings, nerve and muscle transfers, blepharoplasty, brow lift, and chemodenervation with botulinum toxin. We report the case of a 66-year-old Caucasian female with permanent facial paralysis following middle ear surgery. The facial asymmetry was treated successfully with botulinum toxin A injection, hyaluronic acid dermal filler injection, and a thread-lift procedure...
June 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628686/off-face-usage-of-poly-l-lactic-acid-for-body-rejuvenation
#2
Ahmad Jabbar, Suleima Arruda, Neil Sadick
<p>Injectable soft-tissue augmentation agents have become popular alternatives to surgical procedures for the aging face and body. In contrast to temporary, space-occupying replacement fillers such as collagen-based and hyaluronic acid products, poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) has been demonstrated to gradually promotes deposition of collagen via a biostimulatory response, with therapeutic effects lasting approximately two years. In 2004, the FDA approved its use for rejuvenation of facial contours secondary to lipoatrophy associated with antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628445/mycobacterium-gordonae-in-patient-with-facial-ulcers-nosebleeds-and-positive-t-spot-tb-test-china
#3
Yanqing Chen, Juan Jiang, Haiqin Jiang, Jun Chen, Xiaopo Wang, Weida Liu, Zhiming Chen, Ying Shi, Wenyue Zhang, Hongsheng Wang
Mycobacterium gordonae is often regarded as a weak pathogen that only occasionally causes overt disease. We report a case of M. gordonae infection in the facial skin, nasal mucosa, and paranasal sinus in an immunocompetent patient and review previous cases. The T-SPOT.TB test might be useful in diagnosing such cases.
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618110/intravesical-vanilloids-for-treating-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-a-report-from-the-neuro-urology-promotion-committee-of-the-international-continence-society-ics
#4
REVIEW
Véronique Phé, Marc P Schneider, Benoit Peyronnet, Nadim Abo Youssef, Livio Mordasini, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler, Lucas M Bachmann, Thomas M Kessler
AIMS: To systematically assess all available evidence on efficacy and safety of vanilloids for treating neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Studies were identified by electronic search of Cochrane register, Embase, Medline, Scopus, (last search January 8, 2016)...
June 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616411/identification-of-etiologic-agents-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-palpebral-position-followed-by-effective-therapy
#5
Sedigheh Saberi, Reza Arjmand, Ali Khamesipour, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh, Shaghayegh Sayareh, Seyed Hossein Hejazi
CONTEXT: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is a self-healing lesion but prevention of complications and involvement of vital organs such as palpebra requires proper treatment. AIMS: The main objectives were to detect agents of CL in palpebral region and estimate the proportion of palpebral lesion also possible complications among CL patients in a zoonotic CL endemic area. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was performed from April 2012 to March 2013 in a total of 1613 CL suspected patients by interview and physically exam...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614529/facial-paralysis-due-to-ramsay-hunt-syndrome-a-rare-condition
#6
Aline Lariessy Campos Paiva, João Luiz Vitorino Araujo, Vinicius Ricieri Ferraz, José Carlos Esteves Veiga
Ramsay Hunt syndrome (or herpes zoster oticus) is a rare complication of herpes zoster in which reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus infection in the geniculate ganglion occurs. Usually, there are auricular vesicles and symptoms and signs such otalgia and peripheral facial paralysis. In addition, rarely, a rash around the mouth can be seen. Immunodeficient patients are more susceptible to this condition. Diagnosis is essentially based on symptoms. We report the case of a diabetic female patient who sought the emergency department with a complaint of this rare entity...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614007/ectopic-cushing-s-syndrome-a-ten-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india
#7
Samantha Sathyakumar, Thomas Vizhalil Paul, Hesargatta Shyamsunder Asha, Birla Roy Gnanamuthu, M J Paul, Deepak Thomas Abraham, Simon Rajaratnam, Nihal Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic ACTH secretion is a less common cause of Cushing's syndrome, and is seen in 5 to 10% of cases with endogenous hypercortisolemia. We hereby describe our experience of patients with ectopic ACTH syndrome, who have been managed over the past 10 years at a tertiary care centre in Southern India. METHODS: The inpatient and outpatient records of patients from 2006 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features, clinical history, biochemical values, imaging features which included radiological findings and PET scans, management, details of follow-up and outcomes were documented...
June 14, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#8
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594848/examining-the-correlation-between-diabetes-and-odontogenic-infection-a-nationwide-retrospective-matched-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#9
Hui-Hsin Ko, Wu-Chien Chien, Yen-Hung Lin, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Shih-Jung Cheng
More than 90% of head and neck infections are caused by pathological changes originating in the teeth. When odontogenic infections are not properly treated, infections may spread to distant spaces and cause more serious infections in fascial spaces, ultimately leading to deep neck infections. Clinical experience has indicated that patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) may be more susceptible to facial cellulitis and deep neck infections caused by odontogenic infections. This study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database (NHIRD) to analyze and examine the correlation between DM and odontogenic infections in patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594843/microbes-and-masculinity-does-exposure-to-pathogenic-cues-alter-women-s-preferences-for-male-facial-masculinity-and-beardedness
#10
Toneya L McIntosh, Anthony J Lee, Morgan J Sidari, Rebecca E Stower, James M Sherlock, Barnaby J W Dixson
Women's preferences for men's androgen dependent secondary sexual traits are proposed to be phenotypically plastic in response to exposure to pathogens and pathogen disgust. While previous studies report that masculinity in facial shape is more attractive to women who have recently been exposed to pathogenic cues and who are high in self-reported pathogen disgust, facial hair may reduce male attractiveness under conditions of high pathogens as beards are a possible breeding ground for disease carrying ectoparasites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589415/noma-in-an-hiv-infected-patient-in-guinea-bissau-a-case-report
#11
Tina Madsen, Candida Medina, Sanne Jespersen, Christian Wejse, Bo Langhoff Hønge
BACKGROUND: Noma is a multifactorial and multibacterial opportunistic infection that initially causes necrotic gingivitis but rapidly spreads to the nearby orofacial tissue resulting in sloughing and severe deformation of the facial structures. The majority of cases are seen in young children under the age of 6 years. Noma is strongly associated with poverty, malnutrition and immunosuppression, and is often preceded by severe systemic infections such as measles and malaria. Only few cases of noma infection in adults have been described...
June 6, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589319/the-transotic-approach-for-vestibular-schwannoma-indications-and-results
#12
Yin Xia, Wenyang Zhang, Yi Li, Xiaobo Ma, Qiang Liu, Jinghua Shi
To analyze retrospectively the indications and the results obtained with the transotic approach in a series of patients with vestibular schwannoma. The study included 36 patients from 2007 to 2013 with a vestibular schwannoma that was removed with a transotic approach. All patients underwent preoperative pure tone audiometry, evaluation of facial function and CT and MR imaging. All patients having (1) a hearing loss of more than 50 dB, (2) an average tumor size of 2.7 cm (range 0.5-5.0 cm) and (3) signs of a contracted mastoid (high jugular bulb, anteriorly located sigmoid sinus, low middle cranial fossa, or reduced pneumatization) were selected...
June 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584970/morphometric-evaluation-of-facial-and-vestibulocochlear-nerves-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging-comparison-of-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-ears-with-normal-hearing-ears
#13
Annika Henneberger, Birgit Ertl-Wagner, Maximilian Reiser, Robert Gürkov, Wilhelm Flatz
Loss of neural structures (such as hair cells or neurones within the spiral ganglion) has been proposed to be involved in Menière's disease (MD) (Spoendlin et al. Acta oto-laryngologica Supplementum 499:1-21, 1; Merchant et al. Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Off J Eur Feder Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Soc (EUFOS) Affil German Soc Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Head Neck Surg 252(2):63-75, 2; Tsuji et al. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Suppl 81:26-31, 3; Kariya, Otol Neurotol Off Publ Am Otol Soc Am Neurotol Soc Eur Acad Otol Neurotol 28(8):1063-1068, 4; Megerian Laryngoscope 115(9):1525-1535, 5) but this has yet to be confirmed...
June 5, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578603/aav-gene-therapy-for-alcoholism-inhibition-of-mitochondrial-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-enzyme-expression-in-hepatoma-cells
#14
Anamaria C Sanchez, Chengwen Li, Barbara A Andrews, Juan A Asenjo, R Jude Samulski
Most of the ethanol is broken down in the liver, through two-step by Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) enzymes, which metabolized down ethanol into acetaldehyde and then acetate. Some individuals of the Asian population who carry a mutation in the Aldehyde dehydrogenase gene (ALDH2*2) cannot metabolize acetaldehyde as efficiently, producing strong effects including facial flushing, dizziness, hypotension, and palpitations. This results in an aversion to alcohol intake and protection against alcoholism...
June 3, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576691/recurrent-elevated-liver-transaminases-and-acute-liver-failure-in-two-siblings-with-novel-bi-allelic-mutations-of-nbas
#15
Frederico S Regateiro, Serkan Belkaya, Nélson Neves, Sandra Ferreira, Paula Silvestre, Sónia Lemos, Margarida Venâncio, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Isabel Gonçalves, Emmanuelle Jouanguy, Luísa Diogo
BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) in children can be life-threatening. Although many causes are known, ALF remains unexplained in about half of the cases. Recently, bi-allelic mutations in NBAS were reported to underlie recurrent episodes of elevated liver transaminases (ELT) and ALF in the context of diverse extrahepatic phenotypes. RESULTS: We here describe two sisters, born to non-consanguineous Portuguese parents, who had short stature and presented with recurrent episodes of severe ELT triggered by febrile respiratory viral infections from early childhood...
May 30, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576515/a-case-report-of-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-after-trauma
#16
Karen Y Choi, Christina J Yang
Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare but well-documented complication of sinus disease, propagated by intracranial spread of infection via valveless veins of the midface, with facial cellulitis as an uncommon source of infection. We present a case of significant intracranial thromboses secondary to nasal dorsal abscess after trauma that was successfully treated with bedside drainage of the abscess in addition to broad-spectrum antibiotics, anticoagulation, and steroids, and remains asymptomatic with seven months follow-up...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573102/late-onset-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-after-facial-poly-l-lactic-acid-injection
#17
Min Choi, Ji Seon Cheon, Woo Young Choi, Kyung Min Son
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566179/acute-unilateral-peripheral-vestibulopathy-in-neurosyphilis
#18
Allison S Young, Antonia S Carroll, Miriam S Welgampola, Peter J McCluskey, Sebastian J van Hal, Elizabeth O Thompson, Juliet Burn, Michael J Fulham, G Michael Halmagyi
INTRODUCTION: Neurosyphilis producing basal meningitis presenting as sequential transient cranial nerve palsies was well recognized before the antibiotic era. OBJECTIVE: To report two patients presenting with acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy due to syphilitic basal meningitis. RESULTS: In Case 1 basal meningitis occurred early in the secondary phase of the infection, in Case 2 in the late latent phase. The diagnosis was not made immediately in either case; in Case 1 after previous presentation with increasing hearing loss and then with facial palsy and then a subsequent presentation with optic neuritis; in Case 2 after investigation for possible lymphoma...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565774/effects-of-ankaferd-bloodstopper-on-bone-healing-in-an-ovariectomized-osteoporotic-rat-model
#19
Şeref Ezirganli, Hakki Oğuz Kazancioğlu, Ahmet Hüseyin Acar, Hakan Özdemir, Emre Kuzu, Deniz Şahin İnan
Bone defects resulting from oncological surgical resections, congenital facial anomalies, trauma or infection represent a significant and common clinical problem. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of a commercially-available medicinal plant extract product, Ankaferd BloodStopper (ABS), on bone healing. The present study was performed on 24 female ovariectomized (OVX) rats. A defect on each rat calvarium was created using a trephine burr prior to the rats being divided into two groups. Defects were grafted with a gelatin sponge soaked with normal saline (control group) or plant extract (experimental group)...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562771/facial-botryomycosis-like-pyoderma-in-an-hiv-infected-patient-remission-after-initiation-of-darunavir-and-raltegravir
#20
Walter de Araujo Eyer-Silva, Guilherme Almeida Rosa da Silva, Fernando Raphael de Almeida Ferry, Jorge Francisco da Cunha Pinto
Botryomycosis is an uncommon, chronic, suppurative, bacterial infection that primarily affects the skin and subcutaneous tissues. It has long been associated with defects of cellular immunity. We report a 28-year-old woman who presented with a chronic, ulcerated lesion with draining sinuses in the right malar region. Predisposing factors were HIV infection with poor immunological control, alcoholism, and a previous trauma to the right cheek. Several courses of antimicrobial therapy provided only partial and temporary remission...
March 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
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