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Facial infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775027/-clinical-research-of-different-characteristics-of-fungal-ball-sinusitis
#1
M J Wang, B Zhou, Y C Li, S J Cui, Q Huang
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical features of different subtypes of fungal ball sinusitis. Method: Four hundred and forty-nine cases with fungal ball rhinosinusitis (FBS) were involved in this retrospective analysis. The clinical features including symptoms, signs, and imaging scans, pathological results were all collected for each patient and the patients were classified into different subtypes according to these clinical features and the follow-up treatment. Result: In this retrospective study, 449 patients who diagnosed with fungal ball sinusitis were involved...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775011/-hyper-ige-syndromes
#2
REVIEW
Y Y He, B Liu, X P Xiao
A hyper-IgE syndrome is a rare immunodeficiesncy disease, often accompanied by high serum IgE. It often characterized by facial features, repeated skin infections, eczema and pulmonary infection, including autosomal dominant HIES (AD-HIES) and autosomal recessive HIES (AR-HIES). AR-HIES is caused by mutations in STAT3, which is presented as connective tissue, bone, vascular disease, and high brain white matter signal. AD-HIES is mainly caused by mutations in DOCK8 and TYK2, which is presented as severe viral infection and poor prognosis...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773279/-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-cervical-adenitis-in-children-2-cases
#3
N Sigg, S Bailleul, J-M Turmel, G Legrand, S Kettani, L Martin
BACKGROUND: Cervical lymphadenitis is the most common manifestation of infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in immunocompetent children. Nevertheless, it is poorly known by dermatologists. Its incidence, which is currently increasing since the cessation of BCG vaccination in 2007, raises several issues regarding its pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report two cases of NTM adenitis: one in a 2-year-old girl vaccinated with BCG and one in an unvaccinated 22-month-old boy, in whom a misleading presentation led to delayed diagnosis...
May 14, 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768259/precise-intradermal-injection-of-nanofat-derived-stromal-cells-combined-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-improves-the-efficacy-of-facial-skin-rejuvenation
#4
Zhi-Jie Liang, Xiang Lu, De-Quan Li, Yi-Dan Liang, Dan-Dan Zhu, Fang-Xiao Wu, Xiao-Lin Yi, Ning He, Yan-Qing Huang, Chao Tang, Hong-Mian Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The rejuvenation properties of nanofat grafting have been described in recent years. However, it is not clear whether the clinical efficacy of the procedure is attributable to stem cells or linked to other components of adipose tissue. In this study we isolated nanofat-derived stem cells (NFSCs) to observe their biological characteristics and evaluate the efficacy of precise intradermal injection of nanofat combined with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in patients undergoing facial rejuvenation treatment...
May 11, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764030/-neuroendoscopy-assisted-microneurosurgery-for-posterior-cranial-fossa-lesion
#5
J Li, D Zhong, D Lü, H Y Huang, W Du, J Yang, Y T Wu, H J Xia, W Y Tang, X C Sun
Objective: To study the value of neuroendoscopy assisted microneurosurgery technique in the treatment of posterior cranial fossa lesion. Methods: Clinical data of 36 patients with posterior fossa lesions who accepted neuroendoscopy assisted microneurosurgery (NEAM group) in the department of neurosurgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, from January 2014 to December 2016, were retrospectively enrolled. A total of 113 cases diagnosed with the same lesions and accepted conventional microneurosurgery (non-NEAM group) in the same period were analyzed as control group...
May 8, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763576/g-i-protein-functions-in-thalamic-neurons-to-decrease-orofacial-nociceptive-response
#6
Jennifer Strand, Crystal Stinson, Larry L Bellinger, Yuan Peng, Phillip R Kramer
Orofacial pain includes neuronal pathways that project from the trigeminal nucleus to and through the thalamus. What role the ventroposterior thalamic complex (VP) has on orofacial pain transmission is not understood. To begin to address this question an inhibitory G protein (Gi) designer receptor exclusively activated by a designer drug (DREADD) was transfected in cells of the VP using adeno-associated virus isotype 8. Virus infected cells were identified by a fluorescent tag and immunostaining. Cells were silenced after injecting the designer drug clozapine-n-oxide, which binds the designer receptor activating Gi ...
May 12, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756726/-neonatal-facial-palsy-identification-of-herpes-simplex-virus-1-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-case-report
#7
Simón Lubián López, Juan J Pérez Guerrero, Patricia Salazar Oliva, Isabel Benavente Fernández
Neonatal facial palsy is very uncommon and is generally diagnosed at birth. We present the first published case of neonatal facial palsy with identification of herpes simplex virus 1 in cerebrospinal fluid. A 35-day-old male was presented at the Emergency Department with mouth deviation to the left and impossibility of full closure of the right eye. There were no symptoms of infection or relevant medical history. Physical examination was compatible with peripheral facial palsy. Studies performed at admission were normal (blood count, biochemical analysis and coagulation blood tests and cerebrospinal fluid analysis)...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756330/postoperative-prophylactic-antibiotics-for-facial-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Andy M Habib, Alexander D Wong, Geoffrey C Schreiner, Komal F Satti, Natalie B Riblet, Heather A Johnson, Jacob P Ossoff
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing surgery for maxillofacial fractures is standard practice. However, the use of postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis remains controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effect of postoperative antibiotic therapy on the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) in patients with maxillofacial fractures. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception through October 2017...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754158/-a-phd-completed-midfacial-trauma-patients-in-amsterdam-an-epidemiological-survey
#9
E G Salentijn
A population of patients in Amsterdam with midfacial fractures was studied. Traffic accidents were found to be the most common cause, followed by violence and falls. The zygomatic complex was the most common fracture site. The majority of surgically treated patients consisted of men between 20 and 29 years of age. In addition to fracture displacement, indicative factors for surgery appear to be age, comorbidity and the presence or absence of functional problems. 8.1% of the surgically treated patients appear to have suffered brain damage...
May 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750825/cyclamen-europaeum-extract-for-acute-sinusitis
#10
REVIEW
Anca Zalmanovici Trestioreanu, Ankur Barua, Barak Pertzov
BACKGROUND: Acute sinusitis is a common reason for primary care encounters. It causes significant symptoms including facial pain, congested nose, headache, thick nasal mucus, fever, and cough and often results in time off work or school. Sinusitis treatment focuses on eliminating causative factors and controlling the inflammatory and infectious components. The frozen, dried, natural fluid extract of the Cyclamen europaeum plant delivered intranasally is thought to have beneficial effects in relieving congestion by facilitating nasal drainage, and has an anti-inflammatory effect...
May 11, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747055/multiple-brain-abscess-after-professional-tooth-cleaning-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Massimo Viviano, Serena Cocca
Brain abscess (BA) is an encapsulated infection and can be the consequence of head and cranio-maxillo-facial surgery or trauma, or may be secondary to cavernous thrombophlebitis, but is most frequently due to hematogenous septic dissemination from an adjacent site of infection, such as the paranasal sinuses, middle ear or oral cavity. We report a rare and unfortunate case of multiple BA caused by dental procedures in a young man with undiagnosed patent foramen ovale (PFO). Simple routine dental procedures, such as tooth brushing and professional oral hygiene, can predispose to life-threatening conditions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746378/acute-encephalitis-syndrome-in-gorakhpur-uttar-pradesh-2016-clinical-and-laboratory-findings
#12
Mahima Mittal, Vijay Bondre, Manoj Murhekar, Hirawati Deval, Winsley Rose, Valsan Philip Verghese, Mahim Mittal, Gajanan Patil, R Sabarinathan, Jeromie Wesley Vivian Thangaraj, K Kanagasabai, John Antony Jude Prakash, Nivedita Gupta, Manish Gupte, Mohan D Gupte
BACKGROUND: Seasonal outbreaks of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) with high fatality have been occurring in Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India for several years. We conducted investigations during the 2016 outbreak, to identify the etiology. METHODS: We included 407 hospitalized AES patients with CSF pleocytosis (>5 cells/cmm) in our study. These patients were clinically examined; their blood and CSF samples were collected and investigated for scrub typhus (ST), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), dengue virus and spotted fever group of rickettsia (SFGR) by serology and/or PCR...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744456/facially-amphiphilic-polyionene-biocidal-polymers-derived-from-lithocholic-acid
#13
Mitra S Ganewatta, Md Anisur Rahman, Louis Mercado, Tinom Shokfai, Alan W Decho, Theresa M Reineke, Chuanbing Tang
Bacterial infections have become a global issue that requires urgent attention, particularly regarding to emergence of multidrug resistant bacteria. We developed quaternary amine-containing antimicrobial poly(bile acid)s that contain a hydrophobic core of lithocholic acid in the main-chain. Interestingly, by choosing appropriate monomers, these cationic polymers can form core-shell micelles. These polymers exhibited biocidal activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial species. It is demonstrated that the micelles can deliver hydrophobic antibiotics that functionally have dual antimicrobial activities...
June 2018: Bioactive Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743772/atypical-neurological-manifestations-of-chikungunya-fever-two-case-reports
#14
Subodh Kumar Mahto, Pulin Kumar Gupta, Akanksha Singh, Ramesh Chand Meena
Chikungunya fever (CHIK) is an arboviral disease which is transmitted by a mosquito bite ( Aedes aegypti ). Fever, polyarthralgia, and maculopapular rash are hallmark clinical manifestations of this disease. These manifestations are self-liming and complete recovery is seen in most of the cases. However, atypical and lethal complications such as myocarditis, hepatitis, Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS), and meningoencephalitis have been reported in few cases of CHIK. We hereby report two cases of chikungunya infection where rare and atypical manifestations of CHIK, i...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741592/ocular-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-under-the-safe-strategy-in-amhara-ethiopia-2011-2015
#15
Scott D Nash, Aisha E P Stewart, Mulat Zerihun, Eshetu Sata, Demelash Gessese, Berhanu Melaku, Tekola Endeshaw, Melsew Chanyalew, Ambahun Chernet, Belay Bayissasse, Jeanne Moncada, Thomas M Lietman, Paul M Emerson, Jonathan D King, Zerihun Tadesse, E Kelly Callahan
Background: WHO recommendations for starting and stopping mass antibiotic distributions are based on a clinical sign of trachoma, which is indirectly related to actual infection with the causative agent, Chlamydia trachomatis. Methods: This study aimed to understand the effect of SAFE (surgery, antibiotics, facial cleanliness, and environmental improvement) interventions on ocular chlamydia in Amhara, Ethiopia by describing the infection prevalence in a population-based sample of children ages 1-5 years...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737458/dental-pulp-stem-cells-exploration-in-a-novel-animal-model-the-tasmanian-devil-sarcophilus-harrisii
#16
REVIEW
Chelsea M Graham, Karlea L Kremer, Simon A Koblar, Monica A Hamilton-Bruce, Stephen B Pyecroft
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) are a heterogeneous population of highly proliferative stem cells located in the soft inner pulp tissue of the tooth. Demonstrated to have an affinity for neural differentiation, DPSC have been reported to generate functional Schwann cells (SC) through in vitro differentiation. Both DPSC and SC have neural crest origins, recently a significant population of DPSC have been reported to derive from peripheral nerve-associated glia. The predisposition DPSC have towards the SC lineage is not only a very useful tool for neural regenerative therapies in the medical field, it also holds great promise in the veterinary field...
May 8, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735507/a-severe-deep-neck-odontogenic-infection-not-prioritised-by-the-emergency-department-triage-system-and-national-early-warning-score
#17
Emma Wates, James Higginson, Andre Kichenaradjou, Kieron McVeigh
A 62-year-old man with a background of type 2 diabetes mellitus presented to the emergency department (ED) with a 5-day history of dental pain, progressive right facial swelling, trismus, dysphagia and voice changes. The oropharynx could not be directly examined completely due to trismus. The patient had a National Early Warning Score of 0 and so was triaged into the 'minors' section of ED. Following assessment by the on-call oral and maxillofacial surgeon, an urgent contrast-enhanced CT demonstrated a large parapharyngeal collection, which required urgent anaesthetic and surgical intervention...
May 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724746/a-descriptive-study-of-chlorhexidine-as-a-disinfectant-in-cleft-palate-surgery
#18
Gieljam Johannes Roode, Kurt-Wilhelm Bütow
OBJECTIVES: Chlorhexidine is seen as the golden standard of disinfectants. It is widely used to clean surgical sites. Many articles indicate resistance of pathogens to chlorhexidine. One study indicated that pathogenic micro-organisms were isolated from the soft palate cleft region in 57% of patients with facial clefts. The objective was to determine if chlorhexidine application is effective in removing pathogens from the surgical site in these patients. Secondly, if any pathogens were isolated, are they resistant to any other antimicrobials...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707197/case-report-acute-amyopathic-dermatomyositis-presenting-with-isolated-facial-edema
#19
Efthymia Pappa, Marina Gkeka, Asimina Protogerou, Leonidas Marinos, Chariclia Loupa, Constantinos Christopoulos
A 45-year-old Asian man presented with acute-onset periorbital and facial edema associated with pyrexia. Muscle weakness was absent. Initial laboratory investigations showed an inflammatory reaction, while screening for infections was negative. Serum muscle enzyme levels were normal. He was hospitalized and treated empirically with antibiotics and corticosteroids, pending the result of facial skin and muscle biopsy. He showed a good clinical and laboratory response but an attempt to discontinue corticosteroids led to a prompt relapse of facial edema and pyrexia, associated with rising laboratory indices of inflammation...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693642/antibiotic-prescribing-for-oro-facial-infections-in-the-paediatric-outpatient-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Najla Dar-Odeh, Hani T Fadel, Shaden Abu-Hammad, Rua'a Abdeljawad, Osama A Abu-Hammad
There are many reports on the complications associated with antibiotics abuse during the treatment of paediatric patients, particularly those related to antimicrobial resistance. The dental profession is no exception; there is growing evidence that dental practitioners are misusing antibiotics in the treatment of their paediatric patients. This review is directed to dental practitioners who provide oral healthcare to children. It is also directed to medical practitioners, particularly those working in emergency departments and encountering children with acute orofacial infections...
April 25, 2018: Antibiotics
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