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Facial infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338372/the-modified-temporalis-muscle-flap-in-reconstruction-of-palate-and-temporal-deformity
#1
Wei Liu, Xiaohong Chen, Xin Ni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to introduce a modified temporalis muscle flap (TMF) which was used to reconstruct palate and temporal deformity. PATIENT AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of the use of the modified TMF in reconstruction of palate and temporal deformity. We evaluated the result which included operative time, bleeding, necrosis, infection, facial nerve deficit, and cosmetic deformity. RESULTS: All the 16 patients accepted the modified TMF surgery successfully...
March 24, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334327/autologous-vs-irradiated-homologous-costal-cartilage-as-graft-material-in-rhinoplasty
#2
Jee Hye Wee, Sue Jean Mun, Woo Sung Na, Heejin Kim, Joo Hyun Park, Dong-Kyu Kim, Hong-Ryul Jin
Importance: Studies comparing surgical results of rhinoplasty using autologous costal cartilage (ACC) and irradiated homologous costal cartilage (IHCC) are rare. Objectives: To compare the clinical results of major augmentation rhinoplasty using ACC vs IHCC and analyze the histologic properties of both types of cartilage. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective clinical study was conducted among patients who had undergone rhinoseptoplasty using ACC or IHCC from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2014...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330572/-combined-approach-for-parotid-lithiases-a-9%C3%A2-cases-retrospective-study
#3
M Arnaud, A Gallucci, N Graillon, L Guyot, C Chossegros, J M Foletti
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive techniques (MIT), including sialendoscopy, extracorporeal lithotripsy and intraoral approach, have to be preferred in parotid stones removal. In case of MIT failure, a combined intra- and extra-oral approach can be achieved. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and the complications of these combined approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study has been conducted on patients treated between 2006 and 2015...
February 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328598/simple-percutaneous-transbuccal-approach-for-management-of-mandibular-angular-fracture
#4
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmed Hassan Sweed
OBJECTIVE: To describe a relatively simple, easy, and safe technique for open reduction and internal fixation of the mandibular angle fracture using the combined modified percutaneous and oral approach with no special instrumentation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was carried out on 10 patients who had traumatic mandibular angle fractures. All patients were managed by open reduction and internal fixation. Intraoral exposure and reduction of the fracture was performed through the gingivolabial incision...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326731/-complications-of-supratemporalis-approach-with-scalp-coronal-incision-for-orbital-zygomatic-fracture
#5
Wang Yanan, Huang Yanli, Dilnur Dilxat, Liu Weilong, Li Hui, Wang Yi, Liu Lei
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the complications of supratemporalis approach with scalp coronal incision for the treatment of orbital-zygomatic fractures. METHODS: A total of 206 patients with orbital-zygomatic fractures were treated with scalp coronal incision through the supratemporalis approach. The effects and complications of the treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: The degree of fracture of the 206 patients was successfully reduced...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326669/limited-endoscopic-high-septoplasty-prior-to-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-our-experience-of-nine-cases
#6
Sang-Wook Kim, Seong Chul Yeo, Yeon-Hee Joo, Hyun-Jin Cho, Seong Wook Seo, Sea-Yuong Jeon
Primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction is a clinical syndrome of unknown cause, manifested by epiphora, infection, blurred vision, and ocular and facial pain. Conservative care is usually ineffective in patients with chronic conditions; thus, dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) has become the gold standard of treatment for such patients. Since the advent of endoscopic technologies, most patients have undergone endonasal (EN-)DCR; the success rate is comparable to that of external (EX-)DCR. This article is protected by copyright...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326184/unilateral-demodicidosis-of-face-mimicking-hansens-disease
#7
Deepak Vashisht, Jatinder Singh, Sukriti Baveja, Rohit Tiwari, Anuj Bhatnagar
Demodicosis is a common parasitic infection of the hair follicles and the pilosebaceous unit by the Demodex mites viz. Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis. Infection by this parasite is common among immunocompromised and elderly. We report a case of facial Demodicosis which presented like atypical rosacea with a gradually progressing swelling and redness on right side of face which was initially diagnosed as a case of Hansen's disease. Skin biopsy revealed follicular dilatation with presence of Demodex mite along with intense perifollicular lymphomononuclear infiltrate...
June 15, 2016: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303354/odontogenic-orbital-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Pasquale Procacci, Alessandro Zangani, Alberto Rossetto, Alessandro Rizzini, Giovanni Zanette, Massimo Albanese
Odontogenic orbital abscess is a rare but well-documented complication of sinusitis and infections spreading from dental apical lesion. We report a case of orbital abscess with periorbital cellulitis, in a 35-year-old man with positive recent dental history of a periapical dental infection arising from the second upper left premolar spread into maxillary sinus. The patient has shown facial edema, ocular pain, ophthalmoplegia, proptosis, and initial visual symptoms. A surgical intervention to drain the abscess and a revision of the dental lesion and maxillary sinus were required...
March 16, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302316/defining-nervous-system-susceptibility-during-acute-and-latent-herpes-simplex-virus-1-infection
#9
REVIEW
Chandra M Menendez, Daniel J J Carr
Herpes simplex viruses are neurotropic human pathogens that infect and establish latency in peripheral sensory neurons of the host. Herpes Simplex Virus-1 (HSV-1) readily infects the facial mucosa that can result in the establishment of a latent infection in the sensory neurons of the trigeminal ganglia (TG). From latency, HSV-1 can reactivate and cause peripheral pathology following anterograde trafficking from sensory neurons. Under rare circumstances, HSV-1 can migrate into the central nervous system (CNS) and cause Herpes Simplex Encephalitis (HSE), a devastating disease of the CNS...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299270/6-0-nylon-versus-6-0-vicryl-rapide-in-chieloplasty
#10
J K Dayashankara Rao, Payal Luthra, Varun Arya, Vijay Siwach, Anil K Sheorain, Megha Gupta
CONTEXT: Facial cosmetic result is one of the most concerning issues for the parents who get their children operated for cleft lip. Moreover, the discomfort associated with the suture removal encourages one to use any new technology that may replace the need for suture placement. The type of suture material used in surgery has been a long-standing debate among surgeons. In this study, we compared rapidly absorbable suture material (Vicryl Rapide™) with nonabsorbable suture material (nylon)...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292286/exome-sequencing-identifies-a-novel-ttc37-mutation-in-the-first-reported-case-of-trichohepatoenteric-syndrome-the-s-in-south-africa
#11
Craig Kinnear, Brigitte Glanzmann, Eric Banda, Nikola Schlechter, Glenda Durrheim, Annika Neethling, Etienne Nel, Mardelle Schoeman, Glynis Johnson, Paul D van Helden, Eileen G Hoal, Monika Esser, Michael Urban, Marlo Möller
BACKGROUND: Trichohepatoenteric syndrome (THE-S) or phenotypic diarrhoea of infancy is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by severe infantile diarrhoea, facial dysmorphism, immunodeficiency and woolly hair. It was first described in 1982 in two infants with intractable diarrhoea, liver cirrhosis and abnormal hair structure on microscopy. We report on two siblings from a consanguineous family of Somali descent who, despite extensive clinical investigation, remained undiagnosed until their demise...
March 14, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291498/emergency-department-wounds-managed-by-combat-medics-a-case-series
#12
Steven G Schauer, James A Pfaff
BACKGROUND: Combat medics are an integral part of their unit helping to conserve the fighting strength. Minor wounds are a common problem in the deployed settings that affect a soldier's ability to partake in operations. While the medics often manage wound care, there is very little data on the outcomes. METHODS: Cases were acquired as part of a quality assurance project providing training feedback to medics on wound management. Laceration management is delegated to the medic at the direction of the provider...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285827/our-auditory-results-using-the-vibrant-soundbridge-on-the-long-process-of-the-incus-20-years-of-data
#13
Anaïs Grégoire, Jean-Philippe Van Damme, Chantal Gilain, Benoit Bihin, Pierre Garin
OBJECTIVE: After 20 years of experience with different types of middle ear implants, we analyzed our database about the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) to know the rate of complications, the effect on the residual hearing and the audiometric gain in our center. METHOD: The study was retrospective and included all VSB implants bound to the long process of the incus in our tertiary medical center between january 1999 and february 2015. We observed the effect of surgery on residual hearing by comparing bone and air conduction thresholds before and after implantation...
March 9, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278190/sickness-behavior-in-feverish-children-is-independent-of-the-severity-of-fever-an-observational-multicenter-study
#14
François Corrard, Christian Copin, Alain Wollner, Annie Elbez, Véronique Derkx, Stéphane Bechet, Corinne Levy, Michel Boucherat, Robert Cohen
BACKGROUND. OBJECTIVES: Behavioral changes in a febrile child are usually considered to stem from the fever. We studied sickness behavior (SB) in terms of its clinical components and its relation to fever. METHODS: This observational, multicenter study included children aged 6 months to 3 years who were either febrile (fever ≥12 hours, ≥ 39°C and ≥38°C at inclusion) or non-febrile and well. The child had to have been awake for the 2 hours preceding the consultation and cared for by the parent who brought him/her to the doctor...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275282/additive-manufacturing-for-surgical-planning-of-mandibular-fracture
#15
Nadja Maria da Silva Oliveira Brito, Renata de Souza Coelho Soares, Erik Lafitt Tavares Monteiro, Sergio Charifker Ribeiro Martins, Josuel Raimundo Cavalcante, Rafael Grotta Grempel, José Augusto de Oliveira Neto
Currently, imaging techniques such as Computed Tomography with three-dimensional reconstruction (3D) and Magnetic Resonances are being routinely used in pre-surgical planning in all fields of medicine. Nowadays, virtual three-dimensional images, commonly displayed on two-dimensional surfaces, such as the computer screen, can be used to produce rapidly prototyped models, with excellent dimensional accuracy and fine reproduction of anatomical structures, providing professionals with the ability to use the biomodel in planning and simulating medical and dental procedures (oral and maxillofacial surgery, making individualized facial implants and prostheses, measurements and previous adaptations of prefabricated fixation plates), thus contributing to considerable reductions in surgical time and consequently the duration of anesthesia, minimizing infection risks and reducing hospital costs...
December 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272080/pulsed-dye-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-warts-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
David Veitch, Georgios Kravvas, Firas Al-Niaimi
BACKGROUND: Warts or verrucae vulgaris are common cutaneous infections with currently no definitive curative treatments available. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of pulsed dye laser (PDL) in the treatment of warts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed using the PubMed and MEDLINE databases. A search using {(Wart[s], verruca or condylomata)} AND [(Pulsed dye laser)] was used. Forty-four articles were identified as relevant to this review...
March 7, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268107/prosthetic-bypass-for-restenosis-after-endarterectomy-or-stenting-of-the-carotid-artery
#17
Giulio Illuminati, Romain Belmonte, Fabrice Schneider, Giulia Pizzardi, Francesco G Calió, Jean-Baptiste Ricco
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of prosthetic carotid bypass (PCB) with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in treatment of restenosis after CEA or carotid artery stenting (CAS). METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2014, 66 patients (57 men and 9 women; mean age, 71 years) presenting with recurrent carotid artery stenosis ≥70% (North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial [NASCET] criteria) were enrolled in a prospective study in three centers...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262381/pediatric-sepsis-secondary-to-an-occult-dental-abscess-a%C3%A2-case-report
#18
Peter Holmberg, Thomas Hellmich, James Homme
BACKGROUND: In general, hematogenous spread of bacteria in children is uncommon. Bacteremia, however, is a known complication of dental procedures and severe caries, but is infrequently associated with primary, asymptomatic, non-procedural-related, dentoalveolar infection. CASE REPORT: The patient is a 7-year-old previously healthy boy who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with "fever, mottling, and shaking chills." In the ED, he appeared systemically ill with fever, mottling, delayed capillary refill, and rigors...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258920/odontogenic-sinusitis-maxillaris-a-retrospective-study-of-121-cases-with-surgical-intervention
#19
Matthias Zirk, Timo Dreiseidler, Matthias Pohl, Daniel Rothamel, Johannes Buller, Franziska Peters, Joachim E Zöller, Matthias Kreppel
PURPOSE: Otolaryngologists, dentists and maxilla-facial surgeons see patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis on a daily routine. The study was performed to investigate the different origins of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis ranging from periodontitis to augmentative implant surgery. Furthermore, the microbial flora of purulent odontogenic maxillary sinusitis was analyzed in order to present a proper antibiotic treatment in addition to a surgical approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed, analyzing the clinical trials of 121 patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis who undergone surgery...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255132/extra-anatomical-veno-venous-surgical-bypass-for-central-vein-occlusion-in-patients-with-ipsilateral-arterio-venous-fistula-avf-for-haemodialysis-a-single-centre-experience
#20
K S Saravana, A A Zainal
OBJECTIVE: Central vein occlusion is a common complication related to central vein catheter insertion for haemodialysis which can be unmasked by an ipsilateral fistula creation, leading to a dysfunctional arteriovenous fistula (AVF). We describe an extra-anatomical venous bypass surgical procedure performed to maintain vascular access and reduce the symptoms of swelling of the ipsilateral upper limb, neck and face. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report 20 consecutive patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRF) who had central vein occlusion and were not amenable to endovascular intervention...
February 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
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