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Facial infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208874/topical-corticosteroid-misuse-the-scenario-in-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi
#1
Santwana Mahar, Khushbu Mahajan, Swati Agarwal, Hemanta Kumar Kar, Swapan Kumar Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: Irrational use of Topical Corticosteroid (TC) is quite common in India due to unrestricted availability and use of TC not only by general public but also by physicians and chemists due to quick relief of symptoms in different dermatological conditions. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate and analyse the prevalence of misuse of TC and the causes behind misuse of TC among patients in a dermatology outpatient department in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study conducted over a period of 5 months (1(st) June 2015 to 30(th) November 2015)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197791/clinical-manifestations-and-genetic-analysis-of-17-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-hyper-ige-syndrome-in-mainland-china-new-reports-and-a-literature-review
#2
Jing Wu, Ji Chen, Zhi-Qing Tian, Hao Zhang, Ruo-Lan Gong, Tong-Xin Chen, Li Hong
PURPOSE: Autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome (AD-HIES) is a rare complicated primary immunodeficiency disease (PID). Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) gene mutation is found to cause AD-HIES. The distribution of AD-HIES patients with STAT3 deficiency in the Chinese population is not clear. Herein, we retrospectively report 17 AD-HIES patients with STAT3 deficiency and demonstrate their clinical, immunological, and genetic features. METHODS: Patients' clinical data were collected from their medical records...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195860/challenging-airway-secondary-to-purpura-fulminans-with-face-and-neck-bullae-in-a-premature-infant-a-case-report
#3
Rhashedah A Ekeoduru, Matthew R Greives, Eric A Nesrsta
A former 25-week-old neonate presented at 34 weeks postconceptual age with necrotizing fasciitis and purpura fulminans because of Group B Streptococcus infection. He was septic and coagulopathic when he was intubated, and the endotracheal tube was secured with adhesives. When he subsequently developed large purpuric, bullous lesions on the face and neck, he presented to the operating room for excision and debridement of his facial lesions. No change was made in how the endotracheal tube was secured. Midprocedure, an unintentional extubation occurred...
February 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192265/microsurgical-outcomes-after-gross-total-resection-on-vestibular-schwannoma-in-the-elderly-a-matched-cohort-study
#4
Nian Jiang, Zaibin Wang, Wen Chen, Yuanyang Xie, Zefeng Peng, Jian Yuan, Siyi Wanggou, Yandong Su, Xuejun Li, Xianrui Yuan
OBJECTIVES: To compare and analyze the differences in clinical manifestations and surgical outcomes after gross total resection (GTR) for vestibular schwannoma (VS) between elderly and younger patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 40 elderly (≥65 years) and 40 younger (< 65 years) patients, and matched operation dates and tumor size in the 2 groups were matched. All 80 patients underwent microsurgical resection though the sigmoid approach, by the same surgeon (Professor Xianrui Yuan, M...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187791/primary-mediastinal-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-woman-who-is-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-presenting-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-a-case-report
#5
Pedro Pallangyo, Paulina Nicholaus, Frederick Lyimo, Elikaanany Urio, Peter Kisenge, Mohamed Janabi
BACKGROUND: The risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is increased 200-fold in individuals seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus compared to those free from human immunodeficiency virus. Human immunodeficiency virus-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma is known for its atypical presentation, aggressive ability, widespread involvement, poor response to chemotherapy, and high relapse potential which makes both the diagnosis and management a difficult undertaking especially in resource-poor settings...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185781/classification-of-orbital-exenteration-and-reconstruction
#6
Marco R Kesting, Steffen Koerdt, Niklas Rommel, Thomas Mücke, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Christopher P Nobis, Florian Ringel, Gesche Frohwitter
Orbital exenteration (OE) is considered to be a mutilating surgical procedure reserved for relentlessly progressive neoplastic disorders or extensive facial trauma with unfavourable eye involvement. Malignant tumours, accounting for the majority of ablative orbital surgeries, may be caused by primary orbital tumours or secondarily by neoplasias from the surrounding skin, the maxillary sinus or intracranial malignomas. Orbital exenteration following trauma is mostly caused by penetrating globe defects or extended infections with the danger of intracranial effects...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166559/should-we-prescribe-antibiotics-to-this-patient-with-persistent-upper-respiratory-symptoms-grand-rounds-discussion-from-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center
#7
Howard Libman, Diane M Brockmeyer, Howard S Gold
The American College of Physicians (ACP) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently published advice for high-value care on the appropriate use of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections. They conducted a narrative literature review of evidence for antibiotic use in this setting that included recent clinical guidelines from professional societies supplemented by randomized, controlled trials; meta-analyses; and systematic reviews. They concluded that clinicians should reserve antibiotic treatment for acute rhinosinusitis in patients with persistent symptoms for more than 10 days, high fever and purulent nasal discharge or facial pain lasting for at least 3 consecutive days, or worsening symptoms after a typical viral illness that lasted 5 days and had initially improved ("double-sickening")...
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163464/o-to-z-local-skin-flap-the-role-for-managing-depressed-facial-scar-after-resolution-of-odontogenic-source-of-infection
#8
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162855/histopathological-and-scanning-electron-microscopy-findings-of-retrieved-porous-polyethylene-implants
#9
S-Y Choi, H-I Shin, T-Y Kwon, T-G Kwon
Porous polyethylene (PPE) implants are biocompatible alloplastic materials commonly used for facial augmentation. However, the effect of sub-periosteal PPE application on the surrounding tissues has not been analyzed clearly. This report documents the case of a 22-year-old woman who underwent peri-alar augmentation with PPE to improve midface retrusion. Although no infection or inflammation occurred at the surgical site, the patient requested removal of the PPE implant for aesthetic reasons alone at 1 year after the surgery...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157685/facial-actinomycosis-mimicking-a-cutaneous-tumor
#10
Adem Özkan, Adem Topkara, Ramazan Hakan Özcan
Actinomycosis is a chronic granulomatous infection that commonly occurs in the cervicofacial region. Although Actinomcyes is an element of the normal oral flora, infections of the facial skin are very rare because of the entirely endogenous habitation of the organism. The authors report a case of facial actinomycosis, which mimicked a cutaneous tumor both clinically and surgically in a 44-year-old woman with chronic renal failure and Hepatitis C viral infection. The majority of cases can be treated with long-term antibiotics...
January 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153465/-prevention-and-treatment-of-skin-lesions-associated-with-non-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-recommendations-of-experts
#11
M Raurell-Torredà, A Romero-Collado, M Rodríguez-Palma, M Farrés-Tarafa, J D Martí, B Hurtado-Pardos, L Peñarrubia-San Florencio, P Saez-Paredes, A M Esquinas
INTRODUCTION: In the last two decades, non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) has been consolidated as an initial strategy for the management of respiratory failure in critical adult and paediatric patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors and preventive strategies to reduce the incidence of skin lesions associated with clinical devices (LESADIC) related to NIV, as well as the most effective treatment for injuries that cannot be avoided. METHODOLOGY: Review in the MEDLINE, CINAHL and Cochrane databases of studies published in the last 10years to reach consensus through an expert panel...
January 30, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149229/face-and-or-neck-burns-a-risk-factor-for-respiratory-infection
#12
D Costa Santos, F Barros, N Gomes, T Guedes, M Maia
Infections are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in burn patients, and almost 50% of infection-related deaths in burn patients are caused by pneumonia. The proportion of facial and/or neck burns (FNB) in burn centre admissions is high, and these patients have a well known respiratory risk. However, it is not well established in the literature if the occurrence of a FNB is a risk factor for respiratory infection during hospitalization. A retrospective, single-centre trial at the burn unit of the Prelada Hospital was conducted, including patients admitted between January 2011 and December 2014...
June 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141655/an-analysis-of-independent-variables-affecting-surgical-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-repair-of-maxillofacial-trauma-an-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-study
#13
Stephanie M Cohen, Brian E Rosett, David A Shifrin
INTRODUCTION: Facial fractures, from straightforward closed nasal reductions to complex pan facial fractures, are commonly encountered in the Plastic Surgical community. However, very little has been discussed in the literature regarding the outcomes of facial fractures relating to contributing factors. Our aim was to evaluate a battery of independent variables in order to identify, which, if any, factors correlate with suboptimal outcomes in patients who have undergone facial fracture surgery...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137246/functional-outcome-and-complications-after-the-microsurgical-removal-of-giant-vestibular-schwannomas-via-the-retrosigmoid-approach-a-retrospective-review-of-16-year-experience-in-a-single-hospital
#14
Xiang Huang, Jian Xu, Ming Xu, Mingyu Chen, Kaiyuan Ji, Junwei Ren, Ping Zhong
BACKGROUND: Intracranial vestibular schwannoma still remain to be difficulty for its unique microsurgical technique and preservation of neuro-function, as well as reducing common complications that may arise in surgery. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 657 unilateral giant (>4 cm diameter) vestibular schwannoma patients treated in Huashan Hospital via the suboccipital retrosigmoid approach in the past 16 years. The extension of tumor removal, surgical mortality, facial nerve function, hearing, and the other main short and long-term complications were the studied parameters...
January 31, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132863/immune-endocrine-interactions-in-marsupials-and-monotremes
#15
E Peel, K Belov
Interactions between the immune and endocrine systems are not well studied in marsupials and monotremes. One exception to this is the phenomenon of semelparity, which is well covered in the literature as this is an unusual reproductive strategy amongst mammals and is only observed in some dasyurid and didelphid marsupials. Thymus involution provides a direct link between the endocrine and immune systems and warrants further study in marsupials and monotremes. The thymus is a primary immune tissue which is essential for overall immune function...
January 27, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132566/long-term-comparative-pharmacovigilance-of-orally-transmitted-chagas-disease-first-report
#16
Belkisyolé Alarcón de Noya, Raiza Ruiz-Guevara, Oscar Noya, Julio Castro, John Ossenkopp, Zoraida Díaz-Bello, Cecilia Colmenares, José Antonio Suárez, Oscar Noya-Alarcón, Laura Naranjo, Humberto Gutiérrez, Giuseppa Quinci, Jaime Torres
BACKGROUND: Two old drugs are the only choice against Trypanosoma cruzi and little is known about their secondary effects in the acute stage of oral-transmitted Chagas disease (ChD). METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical surveillance study was conducted in a sizable cohort of patients seen during the largest acute foodborne ChD microepidemic registered so far. Individuals were treated with benznidazole (BNZ) or nifurtimox (NFX). "Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events" was assessed to categorize side effects according to severity...
January 30, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128455/expanding-the-mutation-spectrum-in-icf-syndrome-evidence-for-a-gender-bias-in-icf2
#17
Marlinde L van Boogaard, Peter E Thijssen, Caner Aytekin, Francesco Licciardi, Ayça A Kıykım, Lucia Spossito, Virgil A S H Dalm, Gertjan J Driessen, Rogier Kersseboom, Femke de Vries, Monique M van Ostaijen-Ten Dam, Aydan Ikinciogullari, Figen Dogu, Matias Oleastro, Edgardo Bailardo, Lucia Daxinger, Ercan Nain, Safa Baris, Maarten J D van Tol, Corry Weemaes, Silvère M van der Maarel
Immunodeficiency, centromere instability and facial anomalies (ICF) syndrome is a rare, genetically heterogeneous, autosomal recessive disorder. Patients suffer from recurrent infections caused by reduced levels or absence of serum immunoglobulins. Genetically, four subtypes of ICF syndrome have been identified to date: ICF1 (DNMT3B mutations), ICF2 (ZBTB24 mutations), ICF3 (CDCA7 mutations) and ICF4 (HELLS mutations). In this study we describe seven ICF1 patients and six novel missense mutations in DNMT3B, affecting highly conserved residues in the catalytic domain...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125532/the-modern-male-rhytidectomy-lessons-learned
#18
Rod J Rohrich, James M Stuzin, Smita Ramanadham, Christopher Costa, Phillip B Dauwe
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic surgery among male patients has become increasingly popular. The face-lift technique is different in male patients, specifically regarding preservation of hair follicles, restoration of a youthful and well appearance, and reduction of the risk of hematoma. METHODS: A retrospective review of a single surgeon's past 20 years of consecutive male rhytidectomies revealed a cohort of 83 patients. A control group was created by random selection of 83 age-matched female rhytidectomy patients during the same period...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123297/a-decomposable-silica-based-antibacterial-coating-for-percutaneous-titanium-implant
#19
Jia Wang, Guofeng Wu, Xiangwei Liu, Guanyang Sun, Dehua Li, Hongbo Wei
Although percutaneous titanium implants have become one of the best choices as retainers in the facial defects, peri-implantitis still occurs at a significant rate. This unwanted complication occurs due to adhesion of bacteria and subsequent biofilm formation. To solve this problem, we have developed a novel antibiotic nanodelivery system based on self-decomposable silica nanoparticles. In this study, silica-gentamycin (SG) nanoparticles were successfully fabricated using an innovative one-pot solution. The nanoparticles were incorporated within a gelatin matrix and cross-linked on microarc-oxidized titanium...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118231/higher-dose-of-dexamethasone-does-not-further-reduce-facial-swelling-after-orthognathic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial-using-3-dimensional-photogrammetry
#20
Hsiu Hsia Lin, Sun-Goo Kim, Hye-Young Kim, Lien-Shin Niu, Lun-Jou Lo
PURPOSE: The objective of this prospective, double-blind, randomized clinical trial was to compare the effect of 2 dexamethasone dosages on reducing facial swelling after orthognathic surgery through 3-dimensional (3D) photogrammetry. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were classified into group 1 (control group) and group 2 (study group), depending on the administered dexamethasone dosage (5 and 15 mg, respectively). Three-dimensional images were recorded at 5 time points: preoperative (T0) and postoperative at 48 ± 6 hours (T1), 1 week (T2), 1 month (T3), and 6 months (T4)...
January 23, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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