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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802297/breastfeeding-and-early-childhood-caries-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#1
Lingling Cui, Xing Li, Yalan Tian, Juntao Bao, Ling Wang, Dongmei Xu, Bing Zhao, Wenjie Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The associations of breastfeeding and early childhood caries (ECC) risk have been evaluated in several epidemiological studies with conflicting results. We performed an update meta-analysis to estimate the association of feeding patterns, breastfeeding durations and ECC risk. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Studies were identified through searching Pubmed, Web of Science, and Embase from January 1990 to December 2015. RESULTS: Thirty-five studies involving 73,401 participants aged 0-71 months were included...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801347/a-simple-algorithmic-approach-using-histology-and-immunohistochemistry-for-the-current-classification-of-adult-diffuse-glioma-in-a-resource-limited-set-up
#2
R T Rajeswarie, Shilpa Rao, Bevinahalli N Nandeesh, T Chickabasaviah Yasha, Vani Santosh
AIMS: The WHO 2016 classification of diffuse gliomas combines histological and molecular parameters for diagnosis. However, in view of cost constraints for molecular testing, an economical working formula is essential to reach a meaningful diagnosis in a resource-limited setting. The aim of this study was to establish a practical algorithmic approach using histology and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in the classification of diffuse gliomas in such a set-up. METHODS: Diffuse gliomas of WHO grade II and III diagnosed in our institute in the year 2016 were analysed for histological and IHC features, using the markers isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1R132H) and α thalassemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked gene (ATRX)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800639/mitochondrial-impairment-and-melatonin-protection-in-parkinsonian-mice-do-not-depend-of-inducible-or-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthases
#3
Ana López, Francisco Ortiz, Carolina Doerrier, Carmen Venegas, Marisol Fernández-Ortiz, Paula Aranda, María E Díaz-Casado, Beatriz Fernández-Gil, Eliana Barriocanal-Casado, Germaine Escames, Luis C López, Darío Acuña-Castroviejo
MPTP-mouse model constitutes a well-known model of neuroinflammation and mitochondrial failure occurring in Parkinson's disease (PD). Although it has been extensively reported that nitric oxide (NO●) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of PD, the relative roles of nitric oxide synthase isoforms iNOS and nNOS in the nigrostriatal pathway remains, however, unclear. Here, the participation of iNOS/nNOS isoforms in the mitochondrial dysfunction was analyzed in iNOS and nNOS deficient mice. Our results showed that MPTP increased iNOS activity in substantia nigra and striatum, whereas it sharply reduced complex I activity and mitochondrial bioenergetics in all strains...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799861/absence-of-cortical-vein-opacification-is-associated-with-lack-of-intra-arterial-therapy-benefit-in-stroke
#4
Ivo G H Jansen, Annemieke B van Vuuren, Wim H van Zwam, Ido R van den Wijngaard, Olvert A Berkhemer, Hester F Lingsma, Cornelis H Slump, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Kilian M Treurniet, Diederik W J Dippel, Marianne A A van Walderveen, Aad van der Lugt, Yvo B W E M Roos, Henk A Marquering, Charles B L M Majoie, René van den Berg
Purpose To assess the degree of cortical vein opacification in patients with internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke and to evaluate the relationship with treatment benefit from intra-arterial therapy (IAT). Materials and Methods Written informed consent was obtained from all patients in the Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands. From the trial's database, all patients (recruited from December 2010 until March 2014) with baseline computed tomographic (CT) angiograms were retrospectively included...
August 11, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797780/clinical-practice-recommendations-on-indication-and-timing-of-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-mature-t-cell-and-nk-t-cell-lymphomas-an-international-collaborative-effort-on-behalf-of-the-guidelines-committee-of-the-american-society-for-blood-and-marrow
#5
Mohamed A Kharfan-Dabaja, Ambuj Kumar, Ernesto Ayala, Mehdi Hamadani, Peter Reimer, Christian Gisselbrecht, Francesco d'Amore, Esa Jantunen, Takashi Ishida, Ali Bazarbachi, Francine Foss, Ranjana Advani, Timothy S Fenske, Hillard M Lazarus, Jonathan W Friedberg, Mahmoud Aljurf, Lubomir Sokol, Kensei Tobinai, Eric Tse, Linda J Burns, Julio C Chavez, Nishitha M Reddy, Ritsuro Suzuki, Sairah Ahmed, Auayporn Nademanee, Mohamad Mohty, Ajay K Gopal, Michelle A Fanale, Barbara Pro, Alison J Moskowitz, Anna Sureda, Miguel Angel Perales, Paul A Carpenter, Bipin N Savani
Recognizing the significant biologic and clinical heterogeneity of mature T-cell and NK/T-cell lymphomas, the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation invited experts to develop clinical practice recommendations related to the role of auto-HCT and allo-HCT for specific histologic subtypes. We used the GRADE methodology to assist in moving from evidence to decision-making and ultimately generating final recommendations. Auto-HCT in front-line consolidation is recommended in PTCL-NOS, AITL, ALCL-ALK negative, NK/T-cell (disseminated), EATL and hepatosplenic lymphomas...
August 7, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797638/a-novel-tnfaip8-gene-mediates-l-arginine-metabolism-in-apostichopus-japonicus
#6
Yina Shao, Huahui Chen, Miao Lv, Chenghua Li, Weiwei Zhang, Ye Li, Xuelin Zhao, Yongbo Bao
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced protein 8 (TNFAIP8) family is a newly identified protein with vital roles in maintaining immune homeostasis. In the current study, we first cloned and characterized a TNFAIP8 gene from the invertebrate sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus. The gene was designated as AjTNFAIP8. The full-length cDNA of AjTNFAIP8 was 1455 bp long and encoded a matured protein of 201 amino acid residues. Structural analysis indicated that AjTNFAIP8 had a death effector domain (DED)-like domain and composed of six α-helices...
August 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797518/telemedicine-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Mariam Aguas, Javier Del Hoyo, Raquel Faubel, Bernardo Valdivieso, Pilar Nos
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic and relapsing disorder with significant medical, social and financial impacts. IBD patients require continuous follow-up, and healthcare resource use in this context increases over time. In the last decade, telemedicine has influenced the treatment of chronic diseases like IBD via the application of information and communication technologies to provide healthcare services remotely. Telemedicine and its various applications (telemanagement, teleconsulting and tele-education) enable closer follow-up and provide education resources that promote patient empowerment, encouraging treatment optimisation over the entire course of the disease...
August 7, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796461/ce-que-peut-la-sociologie
#8
Bernard Lahire
When it is relational, processual, and it articulates the incorporated dispositions of the actors and the contexts of their actions, sociology "desevidentialize," denaturalize, desubstantialize, and historicize the social world by contributing to do away with spontaneous representations that distort the reality of things. Besides, when sociology studies the social at the level of the individuals and individual actions, it destroys the fictions (juridical and philosophical) of the isolated individuals, enclosed on himself, free and fully conscious of everything...
August 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796448/matters-of-scale-sociology-in-and-for-a-complex-world
#9
Olli Pyyhtinen
The article proposes that if sociology is to make sense of a world that is ever more complex and complicated, it is important to reconsider the scale(s) of our relations and actions. Instead of assuming a nested vertical hierarchy of the micro to macro binary, scale should be treated not only as multiple, but also as something produced and sustained in practice. Coming to grips with the complex world, we are living in also necessitates attending to the conduits and connections between various sites, fields, and terrains to which our lives are entangled...
August 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796110/surgery-navigation-in-treating-congenital-midfacial-dysplasia-of-patients-with-facial-cleft
#10
Dong Li, Shanshan Bai, Zheyuan Yu, Liang Xu, Jie Yuan, Haisong Xu, Min Wei
AIM: To explore a new accurate way for the treatment of congenital midfacial dysplasia in facial cleft patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between November 2015 and November 2016, 8 patients with nasal deformity and midfacial dysplasia (Tessier Nos. 3-11 cleft) were collected (median age, years; range = 15-20 years). Expanded frontal flap for nasal reconstruction and image-guided navigation-assisted surgery for modified nasal-maxillary-hard palatine osteotomy to advance the peri-pyriform bone structure were performed in all the patients...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795583/regulation-of-cell-survival-apoptosis-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-by-nitric-oxide-dependent-post-translational-modifications
#11
Raul González, Francisco J Molina-Ruiz, Jose Antonio Barcena Ruiz, C Alicia Padilla, Jordi Muntané
SIGNIFICANCE: Nitric oxide (NO) is a physiopathological messenger generating different reactive nitrogen species (RNS) according to hypoxic, acidic and redox conditions. Recent Advances: RNS and reactive oxygen species (ROS) promote relevant post-translational modifications, such as nitrosation, nitration and oxidation, in critical components of cell proliferation and death, epithelial to mesenchymal transition and metastasis. CRITICAL ISSUES: The pro- or antitumoral properties of NO are dependent on local concentration, redox state, cellular status, duration of exposure and compartmentalization of NO generation...
August 10, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793917/molluscicidal-activity-and-mechanism-of-toxicity-of-a-novel-salicylanilide-ester-derivative-against-biomphalaria-species
#12
Ping He, Weisi Wang, Benjamin Sanogo, Xin Zeng, Xi Sun, Zhiyue Lv, Dongjuan Yuan, Liping Duan, Zhongdao Wu
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis mansoni is one of the most important, but often neglected, tropical diseases transmitted by snails of the genus Biomphalaria. Control of the intermediate host snail plays a crucial role in preventing the spread of schistosomiasis. However, there is only one molluscicide, niclosamide, recommended by the World Health Organization. Niclosamide has been used for several decades but is toxic to non-target organisms. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize the scaffold of niclosamide and develop novel molluscicides with enhanced potency and decreased toxicity to non-target organisms...
August 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793115/geriatric-care-ways-and-means-of-providing-comfort
#13
Patricia Cruz Pontifice Sousa Valente Ribeiro, Rita Margarida Dourado Marques, Marta Pontifice Ribeiro
Objective: To know the ways and means of comfort perceived by the older adults hospitalized in a medical service. Method: Ethnographic study with a qualitative approach. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 22 older adults and participant observation of care situations. Results: The ways and means of providing comfort are centered on strategies for promoting care mobilized by nurses and recognized by patients(clarifying/informing, positive interaction/communication, music therapy, touch, smile, unconditional presence, empathy/proximity relationship, integrating the older adult or the family as partner in the care, relief of discomfort through massage/mobilization/therapy) and on particular moments of comfort (the first contact, the moment of personal hygiene, and the visit of the family), which constitute the foundation of care/comfort...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793112/social-representations-of-older-adults-regarding-quality-of-life
#14
Marielle Cristina Gonçalves Ferreira, Luiz Fernando Rangel Tura, Rafael Celestino da Silva, Márcia de Assunção Ferreira
Objective: to identify the social representations of older adults regarding quality of life, and to analyze the care practices adopted to promote it. Method: qualitative, exploratory, descriptive research, applying the Theory of Social Representations. Thirty older people from a Health Academy of Rio de Janeiro participated in the study. The software Alceste was used, and lexical analysis of data was performed. Results: social representations of quality of life are based on the social determinants of health; they evidence knowledge and practices of care by valuing physical activities...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793109/older-adults-abuse-in-three-brazilian-cities
#15
Rosalina Aparecida Partezani Rodrigues, Edilene Araújo Monteiro, Ana Maria Ribeiro Dos Santos, Maria de Lourdes de Farias Pontes, Jack Roberto Silva Fhon, Alisson Fernandes Bolina, Fernanda Laporti Seredynskyj, Vanessa Costa Almeida, Suelen Borelli Lima Giacomini, Giovanna Partezani Cardoso Defina, Luipa Michele Silva
Objective: To analyze the police reports filed by older adults who suffered abuse in order to identify the socio-demographic characteristics of victims and aggressors, type of violence, location, as well as to compare rates in three Brazilian cities in the period from 2009 to 2013. Method: Ecological study, in which 2,612 police reports registered in Police Stations were analyzed. An instrument was used to obtain data from the victim, the aggressor and the type of violence...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793104/frailty-in-the-elderly-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#16
Jair Almeida Carneiro, Rafael Rodrigues Cardoso, Meiriellen Silva Durães, Maria Clara Araújo Guedes, Frederico Leão Santos, Fernanda Marques da Costa, Antônio Prates Caldeira
Objective: to know the prevalence and factors associated with frailty in elderly assisted by the Centro Mais Vida de Referência em Assistência à Saúde do Idoso (Mais Vida Health Reference Center for the Elderly) in the North of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Method: cross-sectional study, with sampling by convenience. Data collection occurred in 2015. Demographic and socioeconomic variables, morbidities, use of health services and the score of the Edmonton Frail Scale were analyzed...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793099/factors-associated-with-the-functional-capacity-of-older-adults-with-leprosy
#17
Paula Sacha Frota Nogueira, Marilia Braga Marques, Janaina Fonseca Victor Coutinho, Juliana Cunha Maia, Maria Josefina da Silva, Escolástica Rejane Ferreira Moura
Objective: to investigate the association between socio-demographic and clinical factors and the functional capacity of older adults with leprosy. Method: cross-sectional analytical study conducted in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, with 77 older adult patients with leprosy in a referral service, through interview, medical records and application of the Katz Index and the Lawton and Brody Scale. Results: the mean age was 68.23 years, with prevalence of men, in stable union/married, with mean monthly family income of 2...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793046/influence-of-the-tilt-angle-of-percutaneous-aortic-prosthesis-on-velocity-and-shear-stress-fields
#18
Bruno Alvares de Azevedo Gomes, Gabriel Cordeiro Camargo, Jorge Roberto Lopes Dos Santos, Luis Fernando Alzuguir Azevedo, Ângela Ourivio Nieckele, Aristarco Gonçalves Siqueira-Filho, Glaucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira
Background: Due to the nature of the percutaneous prosthesis deployment process, a variation in its final position is expected. Prosthetic valve placement will define the spatial location of its effective orifice in relation to the aortic annulus. The blood flow pattern in the ascending aorta is related to the aortic remodeling process, and depends on the spatial location of the effective orifice. The hemodynamic effect of small variations in the angle of inclination of the effective orifice has not been studied in detail...
August 7, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782150/mri-assessment-of-coronary-microvascular-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-function-using-myocardial-t1-mapping
#19
Sophia X Cui, Frederick H Epstein
PURPOSE: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) plays a central role in regulating vascular tone, blood flow, and microvascular permeability. Endothelial dysfunction, including eNOS dysfunction, is an early biomarker of vascular disease. This study aimed to show that myocardial T1 mapping during nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition could assess coronary microvascular eNOS function. METHODS: Wild-type mice, eNOS(-/-) mice, and wild-type mice fed a high-fat diet underwent T1 mapping at baseline and for 20 min after injection of N(G) -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (LNAME), a NOS inhibitor...
August 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777511/from-the-archives-vol-6-nos-5-6
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
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