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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334429/superhydrophobic-superhydrophilic-janus-fabrics-reducing-blood-loss
#1
Tang Zhu, Junrong Wu, Ning Zhao, Chao Cai, Zhenchao Qian, Fangfang Si, Heng Luo, Jing Guo, Xuan Lai, Longquan Shao, Jian Xu
Hemostatic fabrics are most commonly used in baseline emergency treatment; however, the unnecessary blood loss due to the excessive blood absorption by traditional superhydrophilic fabrics is overlooked. Herein, for the first time, superhydrophobic/superhydrophilic Janus fabrics (superhydrophobic on one side and superhydrophilic on the other) are proposed: the superhydrophilic part absorbs water in the blood to expedite the clotting while the superhydrophobic part prevents blood from further permeating. Compared with the common counterparts, effective bleeding control with reducing blood loss more than 50% can be achieved while the breathability largely remain by using Janus fabrics...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334380/light-activated-chemical-probing-of-nucleobase-solvent-accessibility-inside-cells
#2
Chao Feng, Dalen Chan, Jojo Joseph, Mikko Muuronen, William H Coldren, Nan Dai, Ivan R Corrêa, Filipp Furche, Christopher M Hadad, Robert C Spitale
The discovery of functional RNAs that are critical for normal and disease physiology continues to expand at a breakneck pace. Many RNA functions are controlled by the formation of specific structures, and an understanding of each structural component is necessary to elucidate its function. Measuring solvent accessibility intracellularly with experimental ease is an unmet need in the field. Here, we present a novel method for probing nucleobase solvent accessibility, Light Activated Structural Examination of RNA (LASER)...
January 15, 2018: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334261/lignans-flavonoids-and-coumarins-from-viola-philippica-and-their-%C3%AE-glucosidase-and-hcv-protease-inhibitory-activities
#3
Ya-Li Wang, Lin Zhang, Meng-Yan Li, Li-Wei Wang, Chao-Mei Ma
Two lignans including a new one, five flavonoids and five coumarins were isolated from the whole plant of Viola philippica (synonymised as Viola yedoensis Makino). The new compound was structurally determined as (7R,8S,8'S) -3,3'-dimethoxy- 4,4',9-trihydroxy- 7,9'-epoxy-8,8'-lignan 9-O-rutinoside by analysis of its NMR, MS and CD spectroscopic data. The known compounds were characterised by comparing their NMR and MS data with those reported. Among the known compounds, 5-hydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone-7-O- rutinoside, 6,7-di-O-β-D- glucopyranosylesculetin, and 7R,8S-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D- glucopyranoside were isolated and identified from this genus for the first time...
January 15, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334259/development-of-three-dimensional-brain-arteriovenous-malformation-model-for-patient-communication-and-young-neurosurgeon-education
#4
Mengqi Dong, Guangzhong Chen, Kun Qin, Xiaowen Ding, Dong Zhou, Chao Peng, Shaojian Zeng, Xianming Deng
PURPOSE: Rapid prototyping technology is used to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) models and facilitate presurgical patient communication and medical education for young surgeons. METHODS: Two intracranial AVM cases were selected for this study. Using 3D CT angiography or 3D rotational angiography images, the brain AVM models were reconstructed on personal computer and the rapid prototyping process was completed using a 3D printer...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334195/exoproteome-profiling-reveals-the-involvement-of-the-foldase-prsa-in-the-cell-surface-properties-and-pathogenesis-of-staphylococcus-aureus
#5
Mei-Hui Lin, Chi-Chun Li, Jwu-Ching Shu, Hao-Wei Chu, Chao-Chin Liu, Chih-Ching Wu
Staphylococcus aureus is a bacterial pathogen that produces and exports many virulence factors that cause diseases in human. PrsA, a membrane-bound foldase, is expressed ubiquitously in Gram-positive bacteria and required for the folding of exported proteins into a stable and active structure. To understand the involvement of PrsA in post-translocational protein folding in S. aureus, a PrsA-deficient mutant of S. aureus HG001 was constructed. Using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ)-based mass spectrometry analyses, the exoproteomes of PrsA mutant and wild type S...
January 15, 2018: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334122/inhibition-of-hsp90%C3%AE-protects-cultured-neurons-from-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-induced-necroptosis-by-decreasing-rip3-expression
#6
Zhen Wang, Li-Min Guo, Yong Wang, Hong-Kang Zhou, Shu-Chao Wang, Dan Chen, Ju-Fang Huang, Kun Xiong
Heat shock protein 90α (HSP90α) maintains cell stabilization and regulates cell death, respectively. Recent studies have shown that HSP90α is involved in receptor interacting protein 3 (RIP3)-mediated necroptosis in HT29 cells. It is known that oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) can induce necroptosis, which is regulated by RIP3 in neurons. However, it is still unclear whether HSP90α participates in the process of OGD-induced necroptosis in cultured neurons via the regulation of RIP3. Our study found that necroptosis occurs in primary cultured cortical neurons and PC-12 cells following exposure to OGD insult...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333649/detection-of-gene-environment-interactions-in-a-family-based-population-using-scad
#7
Gwangsu Kim, Chao-Qiang Lai, Donna K Arnett, Laurence D Parnell, Jose M Ordovas, Yongdai Kim, Joungyoun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332820/a-strategy-for-screening-of-%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibitors-from-morus-alba-root-bark-based-on-the-ligand-fishing-combined-with-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometer-and-molecular-docking
#8
Zhen Wang, Xiaoqing Li, Menghan Chen, Feiyan Liu, Chao Han, Lingyi Kong, Jianguang Luo
A new method based on ligand fishing combined with high-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometer and molecular docking was established to screen α-glucosidase inhibitors from a traditional Chinese medicine Morus alba root bark. α-Glucosidase was immobilized on magnetic nanoparticles, used as a solid support to incubate with crude extract. After ligand fishing, the eluates were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometer, obtaining eleven ligands (1-4, 6-12) eventually...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332353/aesculetin-6-7-dihydroxycoumarin-exhibits-potent-and-selective-antitumor-activity-in-human-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells-thp-1-via-induction-of-mitochondrial-mediated-apoptosis-and-cancer-cell-migration-inhibition
#9
Jian Gong, Wei-Guo Zhang, Xiao-Fen Feng, Mei-Juan Shao, Chao Xing
PURPOSE: The main target of the present research was to examine the antitumor properties of aesculetin in human acute myeloid leukemia cancer cells (THP-1) and peripheral blood mono-nucleated cells (PBMCs) (used as normal cell line model) along with the determination of its effects on induction of apoptosis, inhibition of cancer cell migration and changes in Bcl-2/Bax protein expressions. METHODS: MTT colorimetric bioassay was performed to study the impact of this natural compound on cytotoxicity of both cell types...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331980/dmc1-mutation-that-causes-human-non-obstructive-azoospermia-and-premature-ovarian-insufficiency-identified-by-whole-exome-sequencing
#10
Wen-Bin He, Chao-Feng Tu, Qiang Liu, Lan-Lan Meng, Shi-Min Yuan, Ai-Xiang Luo, Fu-Sheng He, Juan Shen, Wen Li, Juan Du, Chang-Gao Zhong, Guang-Xiu Lu, Ge Lin, Li-Qing Fan, Yue-Qiu Tan
BACKGROUND: The genetic causes of the majority of male and female infertility caused by human non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) and premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) with meiotic arrest are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To identify the genetic cause of NOA and POI in two affected members from a consanguineous Chinese family. METHODS: We performed whole-exome sequencing of DNA from both affected patients. The identified candidate causative gene was further verified by Sanger sequencing for pedigree analysis in this family...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331977/clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-two-chinese-centres
#11
Yongjie Ma, Sichang Chen, Chao Peng, Chunxiu Wang, Guilin Li, Chuan He, Ming Ye, Tao Hong, Lisong Bian, Jiang Liu, Zhichao Wang, Adnan I Qureshi, Feng Ling, Hongqi Zhang
BACKGROUND: The short-term outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) have not been defined in large cohorts. OBJECTIVE: To define the short-term clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with SDAVFs. METHODS: A prospective cohort of 112 patients with SDAVFs were included consecutively in this study. The patients were serially evaluated with the modified Aminoff and Logue's Scale (mALS) one day before surgery and at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after treatment...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331420/dacomitinib-antagonizes-multidrug-resistance-mdr-in-cancer-cells-by-inhibiting-the-efflux-activity-of-abcb1-and-abcg2-transporters
#12
Ying-Fang Fan, Wei Zhang, Leli Zeng, Zi-Ning Lei, Chao-Yun Cai, Pranav Gupta, Dong-Hua Yang, Qingbin Cui, Zuo-Dong Qin, Zhe-Sheng Chen, Louis D Trombetta
The development of multidrug resistance (MDR) to chemotherapy remains a major challenge in the treatment of cancer. Numerous mechanisms have been recognized that cause MDR, but one of the most important mechanisms is overexpression of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, through which the efflux of various anticancer drugs against their concentration gradients is powered by ATP. In recent years, small molecular tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been developed for treatment in various human cancers overexpressing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)...
January 10, 2018: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331396/autophagy-in-ischemic-stroke
#13
REVIEW
Pei Wang, Bo-Zong Shao, Zhiqiang Deng, Shi Chen, Zhenyu Yue, Chao-Yu Miao
Autophagy is a self-eating cellular catabolic pathway, through which long-lived proteins, damaged organelles and misfolded proteins are degraded and recycled for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and normal cellular functions. Autophagy plays an important homeostatic role in the regulation of cell survival. Accumulating evidence shows that autophagy is activated in various cell types in the brain such as neurons, glia cells, and brain microvascular cells upon ischemic stroke. However, the exact role and molecular mechanisms of autophagy process that is implicated in ischemic stroke have yet to be elucidated...
January 10, 2018: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331388/e4bp4-inhibits-angii-induced-apoptosis-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts-by-activating-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-and-promoting-calcium-uptake
#14
Bih-Cheng Chen, Marthandam Asokan Shibu, Chia-Hua Kuo, Chia-Yao Shen, Shu Nu Chang-Lee, Chao-Hung Lai, Ray-Jade Chen, Chun-Hsu Yao, Vijaya Padma Viswanadha, Jian-Shen Liu, Wei-Kung Chen, Chih-Yang Huang
The bZIP transcription factor E4BP4 is a survival factor that is known to be elevated in diseased heart and promote cell survival. In this study the role of E4BP4 on angiotensin-II (AngII)-induced apoptosis has been examined in in vitro cell model. H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells that overexpressed E4BP4 were exposed to AngII to observe the cardio-protective effects of E4BP4 on hypertension related apoptosis. The results from TUNEL assays revealed that E4BP4 significantly attenuated AngII-induced apoptosis. Further analysis by Western blot and RT-PCR showed that E4BP4 inhibited AngII-induced IGF-II mRNA expression and cleavage of caspase-3 through the PI3K-Akt pathway...
January 10, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331105/dietary-factors-modulate-colonic-tumorigenesis-through-the-interaction-of-gut-microbiota-and-host-chloride-channels
#15
Yong Zhang, Chao Kang, Xiao-Lan Wang, Min Zhou, Meng-Ting Chen, Xiao-Hui Zhu, Kai Liu, Bin Wang, Qian-Yong Zhang, Jun-Dong Zhu, Man-Tian Mi
SCOPE: In recent decades, the association between diet, gut microbiota and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been established. Gut microbiota and associated metabolites, such as bile acids and butyrate, are now known to play a key role in CRC development. The aim of this study was to identify the progression to CRC is influenced by cholic acid, sodium butyrate, a high-fat diet or different dose of dihydromyricetin (DMY) interacted with gut microbiota. METHODS AND RESULTS: An AOM/DSS (azoxymethan/dextran sodium sulfate) model was established to study the gut microbiota compsition before and after tumor formation during colitis-induced tumorigenesis...
January 13, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330902/conformers-properties-and-docking-mechanism-of-the-anticancer-drug-docetaxel-dft-and-molecular-dynamics-studies
#16
Chuancai Sun, Lijuan Zhu, Chao Zhang, Ce Song, Cuihong Wang, Meiling Zhang, Yaoming Xie, Henry F Schaefer
The conformational structures and properties of the anticancer drug docetaxel (DTX) are studied theoretically. A total of 3888 trial structures were initially generated by all combinations of internal single-bond rotamers and screened with the B3LYP/3-21G* method. A total of 31 unique conformers were further optimized at the B3LYP/6-311G* method. Their relative energies, dipole moments, rotational constants, and harmonic vibrational frequencies were predicted. Single-point relative energies were then determined at the M06-L/6-311G(2df,p) level...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330836/pathogenesis-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-mediated-by-yap
#17
Ping Chen, Qihui Luo, Chao Huang, Qi Gao, Like Li, Jingfei Chen, Bing Chen, Wentao Liu, Wen Zeng, Zhengli Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of the interaction between Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/Smad signaling pathways in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: Serum samples of monkeys with biopsy-proven NAFLD and healthy normal monkeys were used to measure fasting plasma glucose (FPG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglyceride (TG) and albumin (ALB) with the BECKMAN CX5 PRO...
January 12, 2018: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330702/ptac10-an-s1-domain-containing-component-of-the-transcriptionally-active-chromosome-complex-is-essential-for-plastid-gene-expression-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-and-is-phosphorylated-by-chloroplast-targeted-casein-kinase-ii
#18
Qing-Bo Yu, Tuan-Tuan Zhao, Lin-Shan Ye, Ling Cheng, Ying-Qian Wu, Chao Huang, Zhong-Nan Yang
In higher plant chloroplasts, the plastid-encoded RNA polymerase (PEP) consists of four catalytic subunits and numerous nuclear-encoded accessory proteins, including pTAC10, an S1-domain-containing protein. In this study, pTAC10 knockout lines were characterized. Two ptac10 mutants had an albino phenotype and severely impaired chloroplast development. The pTAC10 genomic sequence fused to a four-tandem MYC tag driven by its own promoter functionally complemented the ptac10-1 mutant phenotype. pTAC10 was present in both the chloroplast stroma and thylakoids...
January 12, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330617/characterizing-genomic-differences-of-human-cancer-stratified-by-the-tp53-mutation-status
#19
Mengyao Wang, Chao Yang, Xiuqing Zhang, Xiangchun Li
The key roles of the TP53 mutation in cancer have been well established. TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene, and its inactivation is widespread among human cancer types. However, the landscape of genomic alterations in human cancers stratified by the TP53 mutation has not yet been described. We obtained somatic mutation and copy number change data of 6551 regular-mutated samples from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and compared significantly mutated genes (SMGs), copy number alterations, mutational signatures and mutational strand asymmetries between cancer samples with and without the TP53 mutation...
January 12, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330445/a-novel-approach-for-correction-of-crosstalk-effects-in-pathway-analysis-and-its-application-in-osteoporosis-research
#20
Yu Zhou, Yunlong Gao, Chao Xu, Hui Shen, Qing Tian, Hong-Wen Deng
Osteoporosis is a prevalent bone metabolic disease and peripheral blood monocytes represent a major systemic cell type for bone metabolism. To identify the key dysfunctional pathways in osteoporosis, we performed pathway analyses on microarray data of monocytes from subjects with extremely high/low hip bone mineral density. We first performed a traditional pathway analysis for which different pathways were treated as independent. However, genes overlap among pathways will lead to "crosstalk" phenomenon, which may lead to false positive/negative results...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
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