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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221727/docetaxel-bevacizumab-and-gemcitabine-for-very-high-risk-sarcomas-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-single-center-experience
#1
Christopher Kuo, Paul M Kent, Antonio D Logan, Karen B Tamulonis, Kristen L Dalton, Marta Batus, Karen Fernandez, Rebecca E Mcfall
BACKGROUND: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with very high risk sarcomas have poor outcomes and are in need of novel therapies. PROCEDURE: From January 2005 to February 2016, we retrospectively identified all AYA patients with relapsed or metastatic high-grade sarcomas, who were treated with at least one cycle of docetaxel (T), bevacizumab (A), and gemcitabine (G) (TAG ; T = 100 mg/m(2) Day 8, A = 15 mg/kg Day 1, G = 1,000 mg/m(2) Days 1 and 8). RESULTS: Fourteen patients, median age of 20 (15-30), received a total of 80 cycles of TAG, and were followed for a median of 83 months...
April 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218400/growth-references-for-tsimane-forager-horticulturalists-of-the-bolivian-amazon
#2
Aaron D Blackwell, Samuel S Urlacher, Bret Beheim, Christopher von Rueden, Adrian Jaeggi, Jonathan Stieglitz, Benjamin C Trumble, Michael Gurven, Hillard Kaplan
OBJECTIVES: Growth standards and references currently used to assess population and individual health are derived primarily from urban populations, including few individuals from indigenous or subsistence groups. Given environmental and genetic differences, growth may vary in these populations. Thus, there is a need to assess whether international standards are appropriate for all populations, and to produce population specific references if growth differs. Here we present and assess growth references for the Tsimane, an indigenous population of Bolivian forager-horticulturalists...
March 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216458/incidence-of-malignancy-and-fibroid-variants-at-surgery-for-presumed-benign-symptomatic-fibroids
#3
Monique Ramos Damasco, Pui-Wan Kiri Chan, Marnie Slonim, Woun-Eng Catarina Ang, Martin Graham Healey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In women undergoing hysterectomy or myomectomy for benign gynecology indications, where fibroids were present, to estimate the incidence of (1) leiomyosarcoma (LMS), (2) other uterine pathology (3) the frequency of use of morcellation, both mechanical and manual in laparoscopic, vaginal and laparotomy operative routes. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne Australia...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213703/proximal-tibial-bony-and-meniscal-slopes-are-higher-in-acl-injured-subjects-than-controls-a-comparative-mri-study
#4
Ashraf Elmansori, Timothy Lording, Raphaël Dumas, Khalifa Elmajri, Philippe Neyret, Sébastien Lustig
PURPOSE: Increased tibial slope is reported as a risk factor of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, but the effect of the soft tissues on slope remains unclear. The primary aims of this study were to compare the tibial bony and soft tissue slopes between patients with and without ACL injury, and to investigate the relationship between the meniscal slopes (MS) and the tibial bony slope. Our hypothesis was that the menisci would correct the inclination of the bony tibial slope towards the horizontal...
February 17, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210409/primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-mandibular-alveolar-mucosa-of-a-12-year-old-child-from-ethiopia-a-case-report
#5
Tewodros Tefera Kenea, Betel Abebe Kebede, Fekadu Mesele Gozjuze, Hagos Kiros, Frank Wilde
Leiomyosarcomas (LMSs) are rare malignant mesenchymal tumors which show smooth-muscle differentiation. Most LMSs involving the oral tissues primarily affect the maxillary sinus, the maxillary or mandibular bone. We present a case of LMS of the mandibular alveolar mucosa, arising in a 12-year-old male child from Ethiopia. A malignant spindle cell-like neoplasm was diagnosed on clinical and radiographic findings as well as on incisional biopsy. The tumor was resected with wide margins. The following histopathologic examination with additional immunohistochemical studies secured the diagnosis LMS...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203089/impact-of-tumor-volume-doubling-time-on-post-metastatic-survival-in-bone-or-soft-tissue-sarcoma-patients-treated-with-metastasectomy-and-or-radiofrequency-ablation-of-the-lung
#6
Tomoki Nakamura, Akihiko Matsumine, Motoshi Takao, Atsuhiro Nakatsuka, Takao Matsubara, Kunihiro Asanuma, Akihiro Sudo
Metastasectomy represents the standard treatment for improving survival in patients with lung metastases (LMs) from bone (BS) or soft-tissue sarcoma (STS). Recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the LMs has been proved to be a useful option which can promise the similar effect to metastasectomy. The aim of this study was to determine prognostic factors, including tumor volume doubling time (TVDT), for post-metastatic survival in BS and STS patients treated with metastasectomy and/or RFA of the lung. Forty-eight patients with LMs were retrospectively reviewed...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184331/verticillin-a-inhibits-leiomyosarcoma-and-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-growth-via-induction-of-apoptosis
#7
A Zewdu, G Lopez, D Braggio, C Kenny, D Constantino, H K Bid, K Batte, O H Iwenofu, N H Oberlies, C J Pearce, A M Strohecker, D Lev, R E Pollock
OBJECTIVE: The heterogeneity of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) represents a major challenge for the development of effective therapeutics. Comprised of over 50 different histology subtypes of various etiologies, STS subsets are further characterized as either karyotypically simple or complex. Due to the number of genetic anomalies associated with genetically complex STS, development of therapies demonstrating potency against this STS cluster is especially challenging and yet greatly needed...
November 2016: Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177299/development-of-an-improved-wearable-device-for-core-body-temperature-monitoring-based-on-the-dual-heat-flux-principle
#8
Jingjie Feng, Congcong Zhou, Cheng He, Yuan Li, Xuesong Ye
In this paper, a miniaturized wearable core body temperature (CBT) monitoring system based on the dual heat flux (DHF) principle was developed. By interspersing calcium carbonate powder in PolyDimethylsiloxane (PDMS), a reformative heat transfer medium was produced to reduce the thermal equilibrium time. Besides, a least mean square (LMS) algorithm based active noise cancellation (ANC) method was adopted to diminish the impact of ambient temperature fluctuations. Theoretical analyses, finite element simulation, experiments on a hot plate and human volunteers were performed...
February 8, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165312/incidence-of-lameness-and-association-of-cause-and-severity-of-lameness-on-the-outcome-for-cattle-on-six-commercial-beef-feedlots
#9
Shane P Terrell, Christopher D Reinhardt, Connie K Larson, Christopher I Vahl, Daniel U Thomson
OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence of specific causes of lameness and the associations of cause and severity of lameness on the outcome for cattle on commercial feedlots. DESIGN Dynamic population longitudinal study. ANIMALS Cattle on 6 commercial feedlots in Kansas and Nebraska during a 12-month period (mean daily population, 243,602 cattle; range, 223,544 to 252,825 cattle). PROCEDURES Feedlot personnel were trained to use a standardized diagnostic algorithm and locomotion score (LMS) system to identify and classify cattle by cause and severity of lameness...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161451/feasibility-of-laser-marking-in-barrett-s-esophagus-with-volumetric-laser-endomicroscopy-first-in-man-pilot-study
#10
A Swager, A J de Groof, S L Meijer, B L Weusten, W L Curvers, J J Bergman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Volumetric laser endomicroscopy (VLE) provides a circumferential scan of the esophageal wall layers, and has potential to improve neoplasia detection in Barrett's esophagus (BE). The novel VLE laser marking system enables direct in vivo marking of suspicious areas as identified on VLE. These laser marked areas can subsequently be targeted for biopsies. The aim was to evaluate the visibility and positional accuracy of laser marks in different esophageal tissue types on white-light endoscopy (WLE) and VLE...
February 1, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160963/new-birthweight-charts-according-to-parity-and-type-of-delivery-for-the-spanish-population
#11
José Manuel Terán, Carlos Varea, Cristina Bernis, Barry Bogin, Antonio González-González
OBJECTIVE: Birthweight by gestational age charts enable fetal growth to be evaluated in a specific population. Given that maternal profile and obstetric practice have undergone a remarkable change over the past few decades in Spain, this paper presents new Spanish reference percentile charts stratified by gender, parity and type of delivery. They have been prepared with data from the 2010-2014 period of the Spanish Birth Statistics Bulletin. METHODS: Reference charts have been prepared using the LMS method, corresponding to 1,428,769 single, live births born to Spanish mothers...
February 1, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154930/association-between-computed-tomography-findings-and-clinical-symptoms-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-and-without-nasal-polyps
#12
Tomislav Gregurić, Vladimir Trkulja, Tomislav Baudoin, Marko Velimir Grgić, Igor Šmigovec, Livije Kalogjera
Objective of this study was to test whether there is a difference between chronic rhinosinusitis patients with (CRSwNP) and without (CRSsNP) nasal polyps in the association of extent of disease on CT scans with symptom severity and health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) impairment. Data sets from 271 chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients who completed the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test 22 (SNOT-22) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) to identify a symptom components related to CRS...
February 2, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128524/uterine-leiomyosarcoma-a-review-of-recent-advances-in-molecular-biology-clinical-management-and-outcome
#13
REVIEW
Rosa R Cui, Jason D Wright, June Y Hou
Uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) are rare but aggressive tumors with poor clinical outcomes regardless of stage. Most tumors are identified by histopathology at time of surgery, and pre-operative diagnosis remains a clinical challenge. Management of early-stage LMS relies on surgical resection. Cytotoxic chemotherapy remains the mainstay of therapy for advanced-stage, recurrent, or metastatic LMS, and includes single or combination doxorubicin-, ifosfamide-, or gemcitabine-based regimens. Recent interest in genetic biomarkers led to developments of targeted therapies for LMS, although more research is needed to understand the molecular complexities underlying LMS to guide the development of novel treatment strategies...
January 27, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127188/primary-testicular-leiomyosracoma-with-local-recurrence-a-case-report
#14
Yeshwanth Rajagopal, Rahul Roy, Raj Govind Sharma, Naresh Kumar Garg, Suresh Singh
Primary testicular leiomyosarcomas (LMS) are very rare tumours, with only 20 cases reported so far in the literature (Abdullazade et al. Turk Patoloji Derg 29:227-230, 2013; Komeya et al. Indian J Urol 28:343-346, 2012). We present a case of a 70-year-old male patient who presented with recurrence in the right hemiscrotum 10 weeks after right inguinal orchidectomy for a testicular mass which diagnosed as primary intratesticular leiomyosarcoma. He was treated with wide local excision and adjuvant radiotherapy...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120430/morcellating-uterine-mesenchymal-tumors-the-pathologist-s-view
#15
Kitty Pavlakis, Irini Messini, Petros Yiannou, Theofani Gavresea, Dimitris Chrysanthakis, Georgios Hilaris, Theodoros Panoskaltsis
AIM: The study was conducted to delineate the histological problems in diagnosing uterine mesenchymal tumors in morcellated material. METHODS: All cases of morcellated uteri performed between 2008 and 2014 were reviewed. The incidence of unexpected malignancy, defined as any neoplasm with a clear-cut diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma (LMS) or endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS), was noted. Cases with absolute discrepancy between the diagnosis of the morcellated tumor and the subsequent diagnosis were also included in the study...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118866/quantifying-leg-movement-activity-during-sleep
#16
REVIEW
Raffaele Ferri, Stephany Fulda
Currently, 2 sets of similar rules for recording and scoring leg movement (LM) exist, including periodic LM during sleep (PLMS) and periodic LM during wakefulness. The former were published in 2006 by a task force of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group, and the second in 2007 by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. This article reviews the basic recording methods, scoring rules, and computer-based programs for PLMS. Less frequent LM activities, such as alternating leg muscle activation, hypnagogic foot tremor, high-frequency LMs, and excessive fragmentary myoclonus are briefly described...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116485/somatic-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-soft-tissues-a-single-institutional-analysis-of-factors-predictive-of-survival-in-164-patients
#17
Kamran Harati, Adrien Daigeler, Kim Lange, Hiltrud Niggemann, Ingo Stricker, Hans-Ulrich Steinau, Marcus Lehnhardt, Ole Goertz
BACKGROUND: Somatic leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma entity with a high metastatic potential. The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic indicators of survival in patients with somatic LMS of the soft tissues. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the relationship between local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), overall survival (OS) and potential prognostic factors in 164 patients who were suitable for surgical treatment in curative intent...
January 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111000/seasonal-variability-of-different-biomarkers-in-mussels-mytilus-galloprovincialis-farmed-at-different-sites-of-the-gulf-of-la-spezia-ligurian-sea-italy
#18
Teresa Balbi, Rita Fabbri, Michele Montagna, Giulia Camisassi, Laura Canesi
Mussels (Mytilus spp.) are worldwide utilized in marine biomonitoring by a multi-biomarker approach. However, for a correct interpretation of different biomarker responses, information is needed on their natural seasonal variability due to environmental/physiological factors. In this work, the seasonal variations of different biomarkers were investigated in M. galloprovincialis from 4 different sites from the gulf of La Spezia (Ligurian sea, Italy), an intensive rearing area in the north-western Mediterranean near La Spezia harbor, an important commercial and touristic port...
January 20, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109626/significance-of-lymph-node-metastasis-on-survival-of-women-with-uterine-adenosarcoma
#19
Hiroko Machida, Michael J Nathenson, Tsuyoshi Takiuchi, Crystal L Adams, Jocelyn Garcia-Sayre, Koji Matsuo
OBJECTIVE: Uterine adenosarcoma (UAS) is a rare gynecologic malignancy and the significance of lymph node metastasis on survival has not been well studied. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed utilizing the Surveillance, Epidemiology, End Results Program to examine UAS (n=994), endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS, n=2910), and uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS, n=5506) diagnosed between 1973 and 2013. The impact of lymph node metastasis on cause-specific survival (CSS) was cross-compared by multivariable analysis...
January 18, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093934/efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-sildenafil-in-treatment-of-pediatric-head-and-neck-lymphatic-malformations
#20
Shengcai Wang, Jie Zhang, Wentong Ge, Yuanhu Liu, Yongli Guo, Yue Liu, Ning Wang, Yuzhu He, Jun Tai, Xin Ni
CONCLUSIONS: Low dose oral sildenafil citrate tablets are safe and effective to decrease the lesions volume in some LMs children, especially with macrocystic lesion or mixed type. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral sildenafil in treatment of pediatric head and neck lymphatic malformations (LMs). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this open-label study, 21 children diagnosed with LMs were given oral sildenafil and stopped at week 24...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
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