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Michael Bishara, Michael Jiaravuthisan, Miriam Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Angioma serpiginosum (AS) is a rare vascular abnormality consisting of proliferation and dilation of superficial blood vessels in the skin. AS typically presents in the first 2 decades of life and remains stable with time. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a 13-year-old female with an acquired, recurrent erythematous lesion with serpiginous borders on her left upper arm. Over several years, the lesion reappeared then disappeared 12 to 15 times. At one point, she developed a tender red nodule within the lesion; consequently, a biopsy was taken, revealing dilated telangiectatic vessels in the dermal papillae with mild, focal extravasation of erythrocytes...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
William L Hamilton, Daniel Agranoff
Here, we report an unusual case of invasive gnathostomiasis in a returning traveller, with a shifting pattern of relapsing cutaneous disease. The previously fit and well 32-year-old man first presented with serpiginous, pruriginous erythematous tracks characteristic of cutaneous larva migrans shortly after returning from South-East Asia. He was systemically well with no other symptoms. After ivermectin therapy, he re-presented with respiratory symptoms, peripheral eosinophilia and transient pulmonary infiltrates; the classic triad of Löffler's syndrome associated with invasive helminth infection...
February 2, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Abhinav Dhami, Ranju Kharel Sitaula, Jyotirmay Biswas
We report a case of a 47-year-old male patient presenting with diminution of vision in the left eye. The left eye fundus showed yellowish lesions with indistinct geographical margin extending over the posterior pole just abutting the macula, suggestive of diffuse choroiditis. The patient gave a history of testicular swelling for the past 2 years. Aqueous tap for polymerase chain reaction analysis was positive for IS6110 mycobacterial tuberculosis (TB) genome, and a biopsy of testicular sac was suggestive of tubercular epididymitis...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Diana Glovaci, Ali Naqvi, Katherine Yu, Pranav Patel, Mayil Krishnam
AIM: Postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare complication that can lead to rapid hemodynamic patient decompensation. The type of VSD repair relies on several factors including: size, location, timing and surgical expertise. CASE: A 63-year-old man with a ST-elevation myocardial infarction underwent percutaneous coronary intervention of the right coronary artery. A holosystolic murmur was notable postcatheterization, and transthoracic echocardiogram confirmed a VSD...
January 22, 2018: Future Cardiology
C Liu, X Li, H Li, Q X Gong, Y Li, Z Wang, Z H Zhang
Objective: To study the clinicopathological features of primary hepatic extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) and hepatic pseudolymphoma, and to discuss their differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Methods: Three primary hepatic MALT lymphomas and two hepatic pseudolymphomas collected from January 2012 to March 2017 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were evaluated by HE and immunohistochemistry(IHC), in-situ hybridization and immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangement detection, and the relevant literature reviewed...
January 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Lotte Themstrup, Nathalie De Carvalho, Sabrina M Nielsen, Jonas Olsen, Silvana Ciardo, Sandra Schuh, Birgit M-H Nørnberg, Julia Welzel, Martina Ulrich, Giovanni Pellacani, Gregor B E Jemec
The subtype of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) influences the choice of treatment. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive imaging tool, and a recent development of an angiographic version of OCT has extended the application of OCT to image the cutaneous microvasculature (so-called dynamic OCT, D-OCT). This study explores D-OCT's ability to differentiate the common BCC subtypes by microvascular and structural imaging. Eighty-one patients with 98 BCC lesions, consisting of three subtypes: 27 superficial BCC (sBCC), 55 nodular BCC (nBCC) and 16 infiltrative BCC (iBCC) were D-OCT scanned at three European dermatology centres...
February 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Sukhum Silpa-Archa, Janine M Preble, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To report the novel application of nontreponemal and treponemal antibody to confirm diagnosis of ocular syphilis from vitreous samples. METHODS: Two distinct case reports emphasizing the importance of confirmatory vitreous treponemal antibody. Multimodal imaging of patients was also applied. RESULTS: We report two distinct cases with positive serum treponemal antibody but opposing vitreous treponemal antibody results. One case with a positive vitreous test responded well to antisyphilitic treatment...
November 22, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Miloš Mitrašević, Svetlana Jovanović, Filip Radotić, Snežana Pešić, Zorica Jovanović
Multifocal serpiginoid choroiditis is an infectious variety of serpiginous choroiditis. The disease is characterized by infectious etiology and overlapping clinical features in an intermediary form of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy and serpiginous choroiditis. In a 33-year-old patient, bilateral multiple placoid partially confluent chorioretinal lesions were diagnosed after a febrile flu-like episode. On the right eye, there was a progressive decrease in visual acuity. Later, the lesions had a prolonged progressive devastating clinical course and widespread distribution of placoid lesions, and took the form of serpiginoid choroiditis...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
Kristin Totoraitis, Cynthia M Magro, Adam Friedman
A previously healthy 68-year-old male presented with a rash on his right lower leg. The lesions had spread along the leg since onset 9 days prior, and the patient reported localized soreness and pruritus. He denied systemic symptoms including fever, fatigue, myalgia, joint pain, and recent illness. Physical examination revealed a serpiginous, purpuric eruption on the anterior and posterior right thigh and lower leg. A 4mm punch biopsy from the right lower leg revealed a Th2 dominant process reflective of a type IV delayed hypersensitivity reaction...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Daniela Montorio, Chiara Giuffrè, Elisabetta Miserocchi, Giulio Modorati, Riccardo Sacconi, Stefano Mercuri, Lea Querques, Giuseppe Querques, Francesco Bandello
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To analyse choroidal vascular density of affected and non-affected areas in active and inactive serpiginouschoroiditis (SC) by means of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). METHODS: In this cross-sectional and observational study, 22 eyes of 11 patients diagnosed with SC were included. All patients underwent blue-light fundus autofluorescence (spectralis Heidelberg retinalangiography+OCT) and swept-source OCT-A (AngioPlex Elite 9000 SS-OCT, Carl Zeiss Meditech) to analyse qualitative features and choroidal vessel density of areas considered affected, and the inner and the outer border of the lesions...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Michel C Shamy, Vignan Yogendrakumar, Daniela Iancu, Pierre R Bourque
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Neurology
Rupak Roy, Kumar Saurabh, Chinmayi Vyas, Preeti Sharma, Aditya Bansal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Monique Mangeon, Claudio Zett, Camila Amaral, Eduardo Novais, Cristina Muccioli, Gabriel Andrade, Heloisa Nascimento, Rubens Belfort
PURPOSE: To evaluate retinal and choroidal changes in patients with non-granulomatous choroiditis using the multimodality imaging (MMI). METHODS: Eight eyes of four patients were analyzed. Three patients (six eyes) were diagnosed with serpiginous choroiditis (SC) and one patient (two eyes) with acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE). The patients were imaged on the same day using the RTVue Avanti XR instrument OCT/OCTA (Optovue Inc, Fremont, CA), Heidelberg Retina Angiograph 2 FAF and FA (Heidelberg Engineering, Germany), and TRC50DXi Topcon FP (Topcon Medical Systems, Oakland, NJ)...
September 29, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Stefano Veraldi, Ermira Çuka, Paolo Pontini, Fabrizio Vaira
Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (HRCLM) is caused by the penetration and migration in the epidermis of larvae of Ancylostoma braziliense and Ancylostoma caninum. It is characterized by slightly raised and erythematous tracks, located especially on the feet. These tracks may be single or multiple, serpiginous or linear, ramified and intertwined, accompanied by pruritus. Atypical clinical presentations of HRCLM are currently more frequent than in the past. We present six patients with bullous HRCLM and discuss the possible pathogenetic factors...
October 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Erica Darian-Smith, Ming-Lee Lin, Lyndell L Lim, Peter McCluskey, Anthony J Hall
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and clinical phenotype of ocular tuberculosis in Australia based on the mandatory jurisdictional health notification records for TB. METHODS: A whole population retrospective case series (Australia). Patients diagnosed with ocular tuberculosis were identified over the past 10 years (1 January 2006 to 31 December 2015) as recorded by individual Health Department jurisdictions per mandatory health notifications. The incidence rates were calculated based on the available Australian census data...
December 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Sudha K Ganesh, B Sowkath Ali
A 37-year-old immunocompetent male patient presented with the blurring of vision, both eyes for the past1 year. Fundus examination revealed bilateral multiple subretinal abscesses with areas of healed serpiginous-like choroiditis. Laboratory investigations showed positive tuberculin skin test, positive QuantiFERON TB-Gold Test, and high resolution computed tomography chest showed enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. The aqueous sample revealed polymerase chain reaction (PCR) positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) (MPB64 genome)...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Ramona Vesna Untanu, Jason Back, Burton Appel, Qinglin Pei, Lu Chen, Allen Buxton, David C Hodgson, Peter F Ehrlich, Louis S Constine, Cindy L Schwartz, Robert E Hutchison
BACKGROUND: Histologic prognostic factors have been described for nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL). This study examines histologic and immunophenotypic variants in a clinical trial for pediatric NLPHL. PROCEDURE: One hundred sixty-eight cases of localized NLPHL were examined for histologic variants, CD30 and immunoglobulin D (IgD) expression, and outcome. Histologic types were scored categorically as 0 = 0, 1 ≤ 25%, and 2 > 25% of the sample...
January 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
N Krassas, J Wells, C Bell, M Woodhead, N Jones
PurposeTo assess the incidence, clinical ocular involvement and effectiveness of anti-tuberculous treatment in patients with chronic uveitis presumed to be associated with tuberculosis in a non-endemic community.Patients and methodsRetrospective case series of patients with uveitis and evidence of tuberculosis, with no other identified cause of uveitis, who underwent a 6-month course of standard anti-tuberculosis treatment between 2008 and 2015. The response to treatment was assessed at 6 and 12 months after initiation of treatment...
August 4, 2017: Eye
Lin Cong, Yue Zhu, Qi Yan, Guanjun Tu
OBJECTIVE: Symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS), which leads to severe socioeconomic consequences and places a heavy burden on global healthcare system, is a relatively frequent spine disorder. Redundant nerve roots (RNRs) are a relatively common finding in which slender, serpiginous, or tortuous nerve roots are found in the subarachnoid space of the lumbar spine. Previous studies that evaluated the prognostic assessment of RNRs in patients with symptomatic LSS are composed of doubtful results...
September 2017: World Neurosurgery
Danielle Neal, Jason Arnold, Tyler Moss
Corticosteroids have been a mainstay of therapy for the treatment of many inflammatory diseases for well over 50 years. Cutaneous side effects of local corticosteroid therapy include striae, thinning of the skin, hypopigmentation, and atrophy, which are well known complications of this treatment modality.Herein, we present an unusual cutaneous adverse side effect rarely seen in intra-articular corticosteroid injections.
April 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
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