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Serpiginous

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222811/recurring-septic-shock-in-a-patient-with-blunt-abdominal-and-pelvic-trauma-how-mandatory-is-source-control-surgery-a-case-report
#1
Antonella Frattari, Giustino Parruti, Rocco Erasmo, Luigi Guerra, Ennio Polilli, Rosamaria Zocaro, Giuliano Iervese, Paolo Fazii, Tullio Spina
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients with colonization/infection of multidrug-resistant organisms, source control surgery is one of the major determinants of clinical success. In more complex cases, the use of different tools for sepsis management may allow survival until complete source control. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old white man presented with traumatic hemorrhagic shock. Unstable pelvic fractures led to emergency stabilization surgery. Fever ensued with diarrhea, followed by septic shock...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112131/polymerase-chain-reaction-for-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-dna-detection-from-ocular-fluids-in-patients-with-various-types-of-choroiditis-in-a-referral-eye-center-in-india
#2
Jyotirmay Biswas, Mohmmad Salman Kazi, Vishvesh Ashokkumar Agarwal, Md Shahid Alam, K Lily Therese
AIMS: The aim of this study was to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) DNA with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in aqueous or vitreous samples of patients suffering from choroiditis presumed to be infectious origin. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Hospital-based, retrospective case-control study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In all, forty eyes of forty patients with choroiditis divided into two groups - Group A (serpiginous-like choroiditis, ampiginous choroiditis, multifocal choroiditis) and Group B (choroidal abscess, miliary tuberculosis (TB), choroidal tubercle) were analyzed retrospectively...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078983/cutaneous-larva-migrans
#3
Alexander K C Leung, Benjamin Barankin, Kam Lun Hon
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans is one of the most common skin diseases reported in travelers returning from tropical regions. Western physicians, however, are often not familiar of this condition. OBJECTIVE: To review in depth the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications, and treatment of cutaneous larva migrans. METHODS: A PubMed search was completed in Clinical Queries using the key term "cutaneous larva migrans"...
January 10, 2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058156/paradoxical-worsening-of-tubercular-serpiginous-like-choroiditis-after-initiation-of-antitubercular-therapy
#4
Ebru Esen, Selçuk Sızmaz, Zeynep Kunt, Nihal Demircan
In this study, a case with tubercular choroiditis showing severe macular edema and progression of choroidal lesions following initiation of antitubercular treatment is presented and the management of posterior uveitis associated with tuberculosis is evaluated. A 40-year-old female patient was admitted with decreased vision in her right eye and her fundoscopic examination revealed serpiginous choroiditis. It was learned from her medical history that she had taken antitubercular therapy 9 years ago. Mantoux tuberculin skin test showed an area of induration measuring 15 mm and a positive interferon-gamma release assay was documented...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033230/serpiginous-choroiditis-imaged-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#5
Alaʼa El Ameen, Carl P Herbort
PURPOSE: To report a case of serpiginous choroiditis imaged with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Multimodal imaging and OCT-A were performed to investigate serpiginous choroiditis in a 65-year-old patient. Comparison between OCT-A images and intermediate and late phase indocyanine green angiography revealed that the hypofluorescent areas on indocyanine green angiography corresponded topographically to the dark areas seen in the choriocapillaris layer of OCT-A...
December 28, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930457/novel-findings-on-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-tubercular-serpiginous-like-choroiditis
#6
Spoorti Krishna Reddy Mandadi, Aniruddha Agarwal, Kanika Aggarwal, Bruttendu Moharana, Ramandeep Singh, Aman Sharma, Reema Bansal, Mangat R Dogra, Vishali Gupta
PURPOSE: To analyze and describe the imaging characteristics of tubercular serpiginous-like choroiditis using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and to compare these findings with multimodal imaging. METHODS: In this prospective cross-sectional study, multimodal imaging was performed in subjects with tubercular serpiginous-like choroiditis using OCTA (Optovue RTVue XR Avanti), enhanced-depth imaging OCT (Heidelberg Spectralis), fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green angiography...
December 7, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900835/treatment-of-cutaneous-larva-migrans-with-a-single-session-of-carbon-dioxide-laser-a-study-of-ten-cases-in-the-philippines
#7
Livia Francine Soriano, Miriam Emily Piansay-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) has a detrimental effect on patients' emotional and physical quality of life. Due to local unavailability of gold standard oral treatments for CLM, carbon dioxide laser was attempted. We present a case series where a single session of carbon dioxide laser treatment was associated with cessation of signs and symptoms of CLM. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a single session of carbon dioxide laser in the treatment of CLM...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857759/stem-cell-ophthalmology-treatment-study-scots-improvement-in-serpiginous-choroidopathy-following-autologous-bone-marrow-derived-stem-cell-treatment
#8
Jeffrey N Weiss, Susan C Benes, Steven Levy
We report results in a 77-year-old male patient with visual loss from long-standing serpiginous choroidopathy treated with bone marrow derived stem cells (BMSC) within the Stem Cell Ophthalmology Treatment Study (SCOTS). SCOTS is an Institutional Review Board approved clinical trial and the largest ophthalmology stem cell study registered at the National Institutes of Health to date (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01920867). Eight months after treatment by a combination of retrobulbar, subtenon, intravitreal and intravenous injection of BMSC, the patient's best corrected Snellen acuity improved from 20/80(-) to 20/60(+1) in the right eye and from 20/50(-) to 20/20(-3) in the left eye...
September 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853021/efficacy-of-reduced-dose-of-intravitreal-triamcinolone-acetonide-in-a-case-of-active-serpiginous-choroiditis
#9
Avirupa Ghose, Promod S Bhende, Jyotirmoy Biswas
Active serpiginous choroiditis (SC) is a vision-threatening condition which requires intensive treatment using corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressives, especially if the lesions are involving or encroaching on the macula. Use of oral and intravenous high-dose steroids are contraindicated in uncontrolled diabetics. Intravitreal steroid delivers a localized dose in such situations. This case report highlights the efficacy of reduced dose of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (2 mg) in the treatment of active SC...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849419/short-term-intensive-immunosuppression-a-randomized-three-arm-study-of-intravenous-pulse-methylprednisolone-and-cyclophosphamide-in-macular-serpiginous-choroiditis
#10
Pradeep Venkatesh, Akshay Tayade, Varun Gogia, Shikha Gupta, Bhavin M Shah, Rajpal Vohra
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of pulse cyclophosphamide with pulse dexamethasone in acute macular serpiginous choroiditis (SC). METHODS: A total of 30 patients with macular SC were prospectively randomized into three treatment groups: group D (pulse dexamethasone); group C (pulse cyclophosphamide); and combination (pulse group DCP) administered for 3 days. Macular SC was defined as any active lesion involving/threatening macula. RESULTS: A total of 30 patients were enrolled, with 10 patients in each group...
November 16, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819873/hydrophilic-polymer-associated-ischemic-enterocolitis
#11
Jesus A Chavez, Wei Chen, Wendy L Frankel, Christina A Arnold
Hydrophilic polymer coating of medical devices serves to lubricate the device and prevent device-related complications. The coating can be mechanically disrupted and result in downstream injury via presumed thromboembolism. This process has been reported in the brain, heart, lung, and skin, and has been replicated through animal studies and in vitro histologic processing of the polymer coating. We report the first description of hydrophilic polymer-associated ischemic enterocolitis in a series of 7 specimens (small bowel=2, colon=4, aortic thrombus=1) from 3 patients...
February 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779556/multimodal-imaging-of-serpiginous-choroiditis
#12
Hashim Ali Khan, Muhammad Aamir Shahzad
PURPOSE: To report a case of atypical serpiginous choroiditis with previously unreported findings on optical coherence tomographic angiography. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old otherwise healthy man had a 1-week history of vision loss in his right eye. The visual acuity in right eye was counting fingers at 1 meter. Fundoscopy showed a classic peripapillary serpiginous lesion and a solitary macular lesion. Fundus fluorescein angiography revealed early hypofluorescence of active lesions with gradual increase in fluorescence across the phase of angiogram...
February 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754769/treatment-of-serpiginous-choroiditis-with-chlorambucil-a-report-of-17-patients
#13
Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Bobeck S Modjtahedi, Samaneh Davoudi, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of chlorambucil in the treatment of serpiginous choroiditis. METHODS: Patient records from the Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institution (MERSI) were reviewed from over the past 10 years. In total, 17 patients with the diagnosis of serpiginous choroiditis treated with chlorambucil were identified. QuantiFERON gold was negative in all of them. Chlorambucil was started at 0.15 mg/kg and dosage was titrated up using weekly white blood cell (WBC) count to achieve a target cell number of 3...
October 18, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646753/a-man-with-a-serpiginous-eruption
#14
Seok Hoon Moon, Sang Hyun Cho, Jeong Deuk Lee, Hei Sung Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579734/geographic-tongue-and-psoriasis-clinical-histopathological-immunohistochemical-and-genetic-correlation-a-literature-review
#15
Bruna Lavinas Sayed Picciani, Tábata Alves Domingos, Thays Teixeira-Souza, Vanessa de Carla Batista Dos Santos, Heron Fernando de Sousa Gonzaga, Juliana Cardoso-Oliveira, Alexandre Carlos Gripp, Eliane Pedra Dias, Sueli Carneiro
Geographic tongue is a chronic, inflammatory, and immune-mediated oral lesion of unknown etiology. It is characterized by serpiginous white areas around the atrophic mucosa, which alternation between activity, remission and reactivation at various locations gave the names benign migratory glossitis and wandering rash of the tongue. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease with frequent cutaneous involvement and an immunogenetic basis of great importance in clinical practice. The association between geographic tongue and psoriasis has been demonstrated in various studies, based on observation of its fundamental lesions, microscopic similarity between the two conditions and the presence of a common genetic marker, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) HLA-C*06...
July 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562247/imaging-features-of-undifferentiated-embryonal-sarcoma-of-the-liver-a-series-of-15-children
#16
Flaviu Gabor, Stephanie Franchi-Abella, Laura Merli, Catherine Adamsbaum, Daniele Pariente
BACKGROUND: Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver is a rare malignant mesenchymal tumour occurring mostly in children ages 6-10 years. The discrepancy between its solid appearance on US and cystic-like appearance on CT has been described. OBJECTIVE: To study the imaging particularities and similarities among our cases of undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma and to report the errors in initial diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 15 children with undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma diagnosed or referred to our hospital during 1997-2015 and analysed the clinical, biological and imaging data...
November 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554385/hemangioma-of-the-rectum-how-misleading-can-hematochezia-be
#17
Sofia Vitor, Alexandre Oliveira Ferreira, João Lopes, José Velosa
We present the case of an 18-year-old male patient that was referred to our gastrenterology department with history of intermittent painless hematochezia since childhood. During such instances, he was diagnosed with bowel intussusception, eosinophilic gastroenteritis and inflammatory bowel disease at 4, 6 and 8 years old, respectively. He underwent treatment with 5-aminosalicylic acid for two years, without improvement of symptoms. He was then lost to follow-up until our observation. His physical examination was unremarkable except for digital rectal examination which found a nodular compressible mass by the palpating finger...
August 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437932/observed-patterns-of-systemic-disease-on-pet-ct-scan-in-patients-with-presumed-ocular-tuberculosis-findings-and-hypotheses
#18
Salil Mehta
PURPOSE: To report the clinical, investigational and PET/CT scan findings of patients with presumed ocular tuberculosis and suggest a hypotheses for the pathogenesis. METHODS: Retrospective case review. Included were 10 males and 17 females with an age range: 23-71 years. RESULTS: Clinical findings include granulomatous or non-granulomatous anterior uveitis, intermediate uveitis, panuveitis, vasculitis, and multifocal serpiginous-like choroidopathy...
July 20, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399859/a-serpiginous-itchy-rash-on-the-foot
#19
Elisabeth Gomez-Moyano, Leandro Martinez Pilar, Sara Bjerg Simonsen, Angel Vera-Casaño
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391556/esophagectomy-for-end-stage-achalasia
#20
Valter Nilton Felix
End-stage achalasia is rarely effectively addressed with conservative treatments, as food must traverse a serpiginous route to reach the stomach. Botox injections in the setting of end-stage achalasia will likely provide minimal temporary palliation at best, pneumatic dilation has higher risks of perforation, and laparoscopic myotomy, while minimally invasive, has presented poor results. Under these circumstances, there are many proposed procedures to restore a viable alimentary condition to patients, from partial to subtotal resection of the esophagus; each of procedures confers both advantages and specific risks...
July 8, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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