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Anti paging

Hiroki Wakabayashi, Takahiko Hamaguchi, Nobuto Nagao, Sho Kato, Takahiro Iino, Tomoki Nakamura, Akihiro Sudo
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a potent inflammatory cytokine that appears to play a key role in cancer growth and metastasis. In the present study, the effects of IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) on breast cancer aggressiveness and bone metastases were investigated. METHODS: MDA-MB-231 (MDA-231) cells were treated in the presence or absence of anti-human IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) monoclonal antibody and examined with respect to cell survival. The expressions of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting...
March 19, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Vincent Lôme, Jean-Michel Brunel, Jean-Marie Pagès, Jean-Michel Bolla
Antibiotic resistance is now a worldwide therapeutic problem. Since the beginning of anti-infectious treatment bacteria have rapidly shown an incredible ability to develop and transfer resistance mechanisms. In the last decades, the design variation of pioneer bioactive molecules has strongly improved their activity and the pharmaceutical companies partly won the race against the clock. Since the 1980s, the new classes of antibiotics that emerged were mainly directed to Gram-positive bacteria. Thus, we are now facing to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, with no therapeutic options to deal with them...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
K Jena, J P Pandey, Ruchi Kumari, A K Sinha, V P Gupta, G P Singh
The present study, investigates the properties of sericin extracted from tasar silk fiber waste (TSFW). Separation of residual sericin from TSFW was confirmed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The molecular weight distribution of sericin was examined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The results suggested that TSFW sericin represented a family of proteins with wide-ranging molecular weight distribution (11-245 kDa). Structural determination by FTIR revealed the presence of both α-helical and β-sheet structures...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Babak Barati, Firouz Ebrahimi, Shahram Nazarian
BACKGROUND: Cholera toxin (CT), responsible for the harmful effects of cholera infection, is made up of one A subunit (enzymatic), and five B subunits (cell binding). The release of cholera toxin is the main reason for the debilitating loss of intestinal fluid. Inhibition of the B subunit (CTB) may block CT activity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of anti CTB-IgY against oral challenge with V. cholera in suckling infant mice. METHODS: The binding domain of cholera toxin was amplified and ligated into pET28a vector...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
Syed Hidayathulla, Abdelaaty A Shahat, Mansour S Alsaid, Abdullah A Al-Mishari
The present study investigates the optimization of tannase production from A. nidulans for various physicochemical parameters and harvests tannase for its chemical characterization. The maximum tannase activity was observed on the third day of incubation at 35°C and the stability was observed at pH 5.5 to 6.0 by holding its 100% activity. The tannase was partially purified from A. nidulans [FT10] by ammonium sulfate precipitation at different concentrations and it was found that at 80% of ammonium sulfate concentration, the precipitate exhibited the maximum activity for tannase of 96 U/ml...
February 26, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Ruchi Omar, Arpita Yadav
In this opinion article, the authors discuss a number of interesting, beneficial properties of naturally occurring and synthetic cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with the prospective aim of bringing these compounds into therapeutic use to avoid antibiotic resistance and utilize their numerous properties. The structural diversity and the conformational freedom of these compounds adversely affects their mechanistic elucidation. Our molecular level mechanistic exploration of these peptides has shown their ion carriage properties and systematically explains their antibiotic activity through disruption of bacterial cell homeostasis and inhibition of 14-α demethylase enzyme...
2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Xian-Rong Shen, Xiu-Li Chen, Hai-Xia Xie, Ying He, Wei Chen, Qun Luo, Wei-Hong Yuan, Xue Tang, Deng-Yong Hou, Ding-Wen Jiang, Qing-Rong Wang
BACKGROUND: Wounded personnel who work at sea often encounter a plethora of difficulties. The most important of these difficulties is seawater immersion. Common medical dressings have little effect when the affected area is immersed in seawater, and only rarely dressings have been reported for the treatment of seawater-immersed wounds. The objective of this study is to develop a new dressing which should be suitable to prevent the wound from seawater immersion and to promote the wound healing...
October 27, 2017: Military Medical Research
Susanne Roser-Page, Tatyana Vikulina, Daiana Weiss, Mark M Habib, George R Beck, Roberto Pacifici, Timothy F Lane, M Neale Weitzmann
Activated lymphocytes promote inflammation and bone destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), making T cells and B cells therapeutic targets. Indeed, pharmacological blockade of CD28 costimulation using CTLA-4Ig (abatacept), approved for amelioration of RA, renders T cells dormant (anergic). CTLA-4Ig also promotes bone accretion in healthy mice; surprisingly, however, this effect is driven exclusively through upregulation of bone formation, rather than anti-inflammatory effects on resorption. In the study presented here, we utilized T cell receptor β gene and Wnt-10b gene knockout mice to investigate the roles of T cells and Wnt-10b in CTLA-4Ig-induced bone anabolism...
March 3, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
L Martin, N Zouhiri, M Audran, A Marchand
New therapeutic proteins that trap circulating members of the TGF beta superfamily (activins and growth differentiation factors) show promising effects on erythropoiesis and muscular growth. They are dimeric recombinant fusion proteins composed of the extracellular domain of a human activin receptor (ActRIIA or IIB) linked to the Fc part of human IgG1. Sotatercept (ActRIIA-Fc) and Luspatercept (a modified ActRIIB-Fc) in particular are now in phase 2/3 of clinical trials against anemia and included in the prohibited list established by the World Anti-Doping Agency...
March 2, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Hanif Esmail, Catherine Riou, Elsa du Bruyn, Rachel Pei-Jen Lai, Yolande X R Harley, Graeme Meintjes, Katalin A Wilkinson, Robert J Wilkinson
Globally, about 36.7 million people were living with HIV infection at the end of 2015. The most frequent infection co-occurring with HIV-1 is Mycobacterium tuberculosis-389,000 deaths per annum are attributable to HIV tuberculosis, 75% of those occurring in Africa. HIV-1 infection increases the risk of tuberculosis by a factor of up to 26 and alters its clinical presentation, complicates diagnosis and treatment, and worsens outcome. Although HIV-1-induced depletion of CD4+ T cells underlies all these effects, more widespread immune deficits also contribute to susceptibility and pathogenesis...
February 28, 2018: Annual Review of Immunology
Tomoyuki Sasaki, Toshiaki Shirai, Nagaharu Tsukiji, Shimon Otake, Shogo Tamura, Jiro Ichikawa, Makoto Osada, Kaneo Satoh, Yukio Ozaki, Katsue Suzuki-Inoue
BACKGROUND: Rhodocytin, a disulfide-linked heterodimeric C-type lectin consisting of α- and β-subunits from Calloselasma rhodostoma, induces platelet aggregation through C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2). CLEC-2 is a physiological binding partner of podoplanin (PDPN) expressed on some tumor cell types and is involved in tumor cell-induced platelet aggregation and tumor metastasis. Thus, modified rhodocytin may be a possible source for anti-CLEC-2 medicine in both anti-platelet and anti-metastasis therapy...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Zhe Liu, Matthew Page
Complex diseases have heterogeneous underlying molecular mechanisms. In order to improve the diagnosis and treatment of disease, it is vital to stratify patients into homogeneous subgroups that share a similar disease etiology. In this study, we performed gene-level subtyping analysis on two independent Rheumatoid Arthritis gene expression cohorts from different ethnic groups to discover the possible disease mechanisms associated with each subtype. Also, a novel pathway-level analysis is proposed to increase the subtyping robustness and facilitate biological interpretation...
February 23, 2018: Genomics
Haixia Zhang, Xinglong Wang, Xiangrong Li, Zhongren Ma, Ruofei Feng
Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) is as a potential zoonotic agent with a wide host range. Here, applying gene splicing by overlap extension PCR (SOE-PCR), we describe a simple method for producing single-chain variable fragment (scFv) antibody against EMCV that configurates in the orientation of VH-(GGGGS)4 -VL. DNA template was resverse transcribed by total RNA that derived from hyperimmunized antibody positive mice spleen after inoculation inactivated EMCV-PV21 as antigen. Using the degenerate primers designed for the variable regions of IgG of murine antibody, the 417 bp of gene encoding VH-linker (VHL) and 360 bp of gene encoding linker-VL (LVL) of the anti-EMCV was individually amplified from DNA template by PCR, repectively...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Zhongbing Liu, Xiaoduan Sun, Shuangli Xiao, Yan Lin, Chunhong Li, Na Hao, Meiling Zhou, Ruolan Deng, Siyun Ke, Zhirong Zhong
Liver cancer is a fatal disease with limited therapy options. The recombinant adenovirus expressing tumor-suppressor gene of PTEN (Ad5-PTEN) showed effective antitumor activity against liver cancer. However, its disadvantages produced great limitation on its application, especially its nonspecific and toxicity to normal cells and tissues. The epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is over-expressed in some liver cancer cells and an RNA aptamer EpDT3 could specially target to EpCAM-positive cells. Based on this founding, we aimed to design a kind of gene delivery system of EpDT3-mediated Ad5-PTEN (EpDT3-PEG-Ad5-PTEN, EPAP) in which polyethylene glycol was used to be a linker to conjugate EpDT3 with Ad5-PTEN...
January 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Taeko Kimura, Govinda Sharma, Koichi Ishiguro, Shin-Ichi Hisanaga
Tau is a microtubule-associated protein which regulates the assembly and stability of microtubules in the axons of neurons. Tau is also a major component of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), a pathological hallmark in Alzheimer's disease (AD). A characteristic of AD tau is hyperphosphorylation with more than 40 phosphorylation sites. Aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau are also found in other neurodegenerative diseases which are collectively called tauopathies. Although a large number of studies have been performed on the phosphorylation of AD tau, it is not known if there is disease-specific phosphorylation among tauopathies...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Sang Won Choi, Rudra Pangeni, Dai Hyun Jung, Su Jung Kim, Jin Woo Park
The exogenous administration of growth factors has been examined for treating wounds and such factors serve as cosmetic agents for skin regeneration. However, the topical application of growth factors is hampered by their limited percutaneous absorption. In this study, we genetically modified basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) using a cell-penetrating peptide to facilitate their permeation into skin and to avoid multiple steps in the chemical or physical modification of biomaterials...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Ziaur Rahman, Yuta Tsujimori, Megumi Maeda, Anowar Hossain, Takeshi Ishimizu, Yoshinobu Kimura
In a previous study, we molecular-characterized a tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) α1,3/4-fucosidase (α-Fuc'ase S1-1) encoded in a tomato gene (Solyc03g006980), indicating that α-Fuc'ase S1-1 is involved in the turnover of Lea epitope-containing N-glycans. In this study, we have characterized another tomato gene (Solyc11g069010) encoding α1,3/4-fucosidase (α-Fuc'ase S1-2), which is also active toward the complex type N-glycans containing Lea epitope(s). The baculovirus-insect cell expression system was used to express that α-Fuc'ase S1-2 with anti-FLAG tag, and the expression product (rFuc'ase Sl-2), was found as a 65 kDa protein using SDS-PAGE and has an optimum pH of around 5...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
Tae-Dong Jung, Sun-Il Choi, Seung-Hyun Choi, Bong-Yeon Cho, Wan-Sup Sim, Sang Jong Lee, Seon Ju Park, Dan-Bi Kim, Young-Cheul Kim, Jin-Ha Lee, Ok-Hwan Lee
Sesame is an important oilseed crop, which has been used as a traditional health food to ameliorate the prevention of various diseases. We evaluated the changes in the anti-allergic activities of sesame by bioconversion. SDS-PAGE of non-fermented sesame proteins showed major allergen bands, while that of fermented sesame showed only a few protein bands. Additionally, we investigated the effectiveness of fermented sesame by bioconversion in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)- and interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-induced HaCaT cells...
February 14, 2018: Nutrients
Zachary Frangos, Maryke Steffens, Julie Leask
BACKGROUND: The Internet has transformed the way in which people approach their health care, with online resources becoming a primary source of health information. Little work has assessed the quality of online information regarding community water fluoridation. This study sought to assess the information available to individuals searching online for information, with emphasis on the credibility and quality of websites. METHODS: We identified the top 10 web pages returned from different search engines, using common fluoridation search terms (identified in Google Trends)...
February 13, 2018: International Dental Journal
Nivedita Page
A 23-year-old female presented to our palliative care center with Ewing's sarcoma of the humerus with lung metastases. Pain in her arm was unrelieved by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, neuropathic medication as well as morphine. She could not tolerate any further increase in opioid dose but was so distraught due to the pain that she wanted to die. An intravenous lignocaine infusion in a dose of 2 mg/kg was given over an hour for three successive days. This successfully relieved her pain after which she was settled with her original medication...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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