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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820621/-doctors-killed-my-baby-argumentative-patterns-in-medical-disputes-in-china
#1
Dawei Pan
The recent surge in medical disputes requires that more attention be paid to the voices of laypeople. This article explores the argumentative nature of the public discourse of the reported "malpractice mobs" that strive to convince members of the public (in the place of health or legal experts) that they have been victims of medical errors and injustice. This case-based qualitative empirical study uses a pragma-dialectical approach to suggest a prototypical pattern of such public appeals that contains a basic argumentative pattern and various types of extensions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801071/comparison-of-two-lumbar-manual-therapies-on-temporal-summation-of-pain-in-healthy-volunteers
#2
Charles W Penza, Maggie E Horn, Steven Z George, Mark D Bishop
The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate change in temporal summation of heat pain (TSP) between spinal manipulation (SMT) and spinal mobilization (MOB) in healthy volunteers. Ninety-two volunteers (24 males; 23.8 ± 5.3 years) were randomized to receive SMT, MOB or no treatment (REST) for one session. Primary outcomes were changes in TSP, measured at the hand and foot, immediately following the session. A planned subgroup analysis investigated effects across empirically derived TSP clusters. PRIMARY OUTCOME: There were no differences in the immediate change in TSP measured at the foot between SMT and MOB, however both treatments were superior to the REST condition...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800359/the-selective-pi3k%C3%AE-inhibitor-byl719-as-a-novel-therapeutic-option-for-neuroendocrine-tumors-results-from-multiple-cell-line-models
#3
Svenja Nölting, Jakob Rentsch, Helma Freitag, Katharina Detjen, Franziska Briest, Markus Möbs, Victoria Weissmann, Britta Siegmund, Christoph J Auernhammer, Elke Tatjana Aristizabal Prada, Michael Lauseker, Ashley Grossman, Samantha Exner, Christian Fischer, Carsten Grötzinger, Jörg Schrader, Patricia Grabowski
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The therapeutic options for metastatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are limited. As PI3K signaling is often activated in NETs, we have assessed the effects of selective PI3Kp110α inhibition by the novel agent BYL719 on cell viability, colony formation, apoptosis, cell cycle, signaling pathways, differentiation and secretion in pancreatic (BON-1, QGP-1) and pulmonary (H727) NET cell lines. METHODS: Cell viability was investigated by WST-1 assay, colony formation by clonogenic assay, apoptosis by caspase3/7 assay, the cell cycle by FACS, cell signaling by Western blot analysis, expression of chromogranin A and somatostatin receptors 1/2/5 by RT-qPCR, and chromogranin A secretion by ELISA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799002/intolerance-and-violence-against-doctors
#4
REVIEW
Meharban Singh
Intolerance and grouse against doctors is a global phenomenon but India seems to lead the world in violence against doctors. According to World Health Organization, about 8-38% healthcare workers suffer physical violence at some point in their careers. Many more are verbally abused or threatened. Public is almost behaving like health sector terrorists. The spate of increasing attacks on doctors by damaging their property and causing physical injury is not acceptable by any civilized society. The public is becoming increasingly intolerant to a large number of social issues because of poor governance and vote bank politics...
August 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794453/varying-sensitivity-of-mountainous-streamwater-base-flow-formula-see-text-concentrations-to-n-deposition-in-the-northern-suburbs-of-tokyo
#5
Kazuya Nishina, Mirai Watanabe, Masami K Koshikawa, Takejiro Takamatsu, Yu Morino, Tatsuya Nagashima, Kunika Soma, Seiji Hayashi
Ecosystems of suburban landscapes (i.e., forest, inland water ecosystem) are threatened by high nitrogen (N) loadings derived from urban air pollutants. Forest ecosystems under high chronic N loadings tend to leach more N via streams. In the northern suburbs of Tokyo, N deposition loading on terrestrial ecosystems has increased over the past 30 years. In this region, we investigated nitrate concentrations in 608 independent small forested catchment water samples from northeastern suburbs of Tokyo. The nitrate concentrations varied from 0...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783780/activity-of-type-i-methanotrophs-dominates-under-high-methane-concentration-methanotrophic-activity-in-slurry-surface-crusts-as-influenced-by-methane-oxygen-and-inorganic-nitrogen
#6
Yun-Feng Duan, Sabine Reinsch, Per Ambus, Lars Elsgaard, Søren O Petersen
Livestock slurry is a major source of atmospheric methane (CH), but surface crusts harboring methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) could mediate against CH emissions. This study examined conditions for CH oxidation by in situ measurements of oxygen (O) and nitrous oxide (NO), as a proxy for inorganic N transformations, in intact crusts using microsensors. This was combined with laboratory incubations of crust material to investigate the effects of O, CH, and inorganic N on CH oxidation, using CH to trace C incorporation into lipids of MOB...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773831/a-new-superhard-phase-and-physical-properties-of-zrb%C3%A2-from-first-principles-calculations
#7
Gangtai Zhang, Tingting Bai, Yaru Zhao, Yanfei Hu
Using the first-principles particle swarm optimization algorithm for crystal structural prediction, we have predicted a novel monoclinic C2/m structure for ZrB₃, which is more energetically favorable than the previously proposed FeB₃-, TcP₃-, MoB₃-, WB₃-, and OsB₃-type structures in the considered pressure range. The new phase is mechanically and dynamically stable, as confirmed by the calculations of its elastic constants and phonon dispersion curve. The calculated large shear modulus (227 GPa) and high hardness (42...
August 22, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756952/wild-birds-use-an-ordering-rule-to-decode-novel-call-sequences
#8
Toshitaka N Suzuki, David Wheatcroft, Michael Griesser
The generative power of human language depends on grammatical rules, such as word ordering, that allow us to produce and comprehend even novel combinations of words [1-3]. Several species of birds and mammals produce sequences of calls [4-6], and, like words in human sentences, their order may influence receiver responses [7]. However, it is unknown whether animals use call ordering to extract meaning from truly novel sequences. Here, we use a novel experimental approach to test this in a wild bird species, the Japanese tit (Parus minor)...
August 7, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755825/mobbing-in-health-workplace
#9
Antonio Ares Camerino, Manuel María Ortega Marlasca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754671/src-inhibits-the-hippo-tumor-suppressor-pathway-through-tyrosine-phosphorylation-of-lats1
#10
Yuan Si, Xinyan Ji, Xiaolei Cao, Xiaoming Dai, Lingyi Xu, Hongxia Zhao, Xiaocan Guo, Huan Yan, Haitao Zhang, Chu Zhu, Qi Zhou, Mei Tang, Zongping Xia, Li Li, Yu-Sheng Cong, Sheng Ye, Ting-Bo Liang, Xin-Hua Feng, Bin Zhao
The Hippo pathway regulates cell proliferation, apoptosis and stem cell self-renewal and its inactivation in animal models causes organ enlargement followed by tumorigenesis. Hippo pathway deregulation occurs in many human cancers but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Here we report tyrosine phosphorylation of the Hippo pathway tumor suppressor LATS1 as a mechanism underlying its regulation by cell adhesion. A tyrosine kinase library screen identified Src as the kinase to directly phosphorylate LATS1 on multiple residues, causing attenuated Mob kinase activator binding and structural alteration of the substrate-binding pocket in the kinase domain...
July 28, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734574/early-reduction-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-serum-levels-is-associated-with-leptin-drop-and-predicts-diabetes-remission-after-bariatric-surgery
#11
Luca Liberale, Aldo Bonaventura, Federico Carbone, Maria Bertolotto, Paola Contini, Nicola Scopinaro, Giovanni Bruno Camerini, Francesco Saverio Papadia, Renzo Cordera, Giovanni Guido Camici, Franco Dallegri, Gian Franco Adami, Fabrizio Montecucco
BACKGROUND: We aimed at investigating whether the acute abrogation of leptin after bariatric surgery is able to reduce neutrophil activation and potentially affect type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remission. METHODS: Metabolic and inflammatory parameters (i.e. leptin, IL-6 and neutrophil products) were compared at baseline (before bariatric surgery), one month, one and three years after surgery in morbid obese (MOB) T2DM patients (n=12) and non-MOB controls (n=32)...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731029/nrp2-is-sufficient-to-instruct-circuit-formation-of-mitral-cells-to-mediate-odour-induced-attractive-social-responses
#12
Kasumi Inokuchi, Fumiaki Imamura, Haruki Takeuchi, Ryang Kim, Hiroyuki Okuno, Hirofumi Nishizumi, Haruhiko Bito, Takefumi Kikusui, Hitoshi Sakano
Odour information induces various innate responses that are critical to the survival of the individual and for the species. An axon guidance molecule, Neuropilin 2 (Nrp2), is known to mediate targeting of olfactory sensory neurons (primary neurons), to the posteroventral main olfactory bulb (PV MOB) in mice. Here we report that Nrp2-positive (Nrp2(+)) mitral cells (MCs, second-order neurons) play crucial roles in transmitting attractive social signals from the PV MOB to the anterior part of medial amygdala (MeA)...
July 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728998/sialylation-of-igg-antibodies-inhibits-igg-mediated-allergic-reactions
#13
Alexandra Epp, Juliane Hobusch, Yannic C Bartsch, Janina Petry, Gina-Maria Lilienthal, Carolien A M Koeleman, Simon Eschweiler, Christian Möbs, Ashley Hall, Suzanne C Morris, Dominique Braumann, Christine Engellenner, Josephine Bitterling, Johann Rahmöller, Alexei Leliavski, Robina Thurmann, Mattias Collin, Kelley W Moremen, Richard T Strait, Véronique Blanchard, Arnd Petersen, Timo Gemoll, Jens K Habermann, Frank Petersen, Andreas Nandy, Helga Kahlert, Michael Hertl, Manfred Wuhrer, Wolfgang Pfützner, Uta Jappe, Fred D Finkelman, Marc Ehlers
In presence of high allergen dosis besides IgE also IgG antibodies can induce allergic reactions, whose severity is dependent on the induced type of IgG Fc glycosylation, what should be considered for new AIT protocols containing new adjuvants.
July 17, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724776/inhibitory-circuits-of-the-mammalian-main-olfactory-bulb
#14
Shawn D Burton
Synaptic inhibition critically influences sensory processing throughout the mammalian brain, including the main olfactory bulb (MOB), the first station of sensory processing in the olfactory system. Decades of research across numerous laboratories have established a central role for granule cells (GCs), the most abundant GABAergic interneuron type in the MOB, in the precise regulation of principal mitral and tufted cell (M/TC) firing rates and synchrony through lateral and recurrent inhibitory mechanisms. In addition to GCs, however, the MOB contains a vast diversity of other GABAergic interneuron types, and recent findings suggest that, while fewer in number, these oft-ignored interneurons are just as important as GCs in shaping odor-evoked M/TC activity...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702724/acoustic-structure-of-alarm-calls-in-indian-sambar-rusa-unicolor-and-indian-muntjac-muntiacus-vaginalis-in-south-vietnam
#15
I A Volodin, E V Volodina, R Frey, S S Gogoleva, I V Palko, V V Rozhnov
The alarm call acoustic structure and nonlinear vocal phenomena of the Indian sambar (Rusa unicolor) and northern Indian muntjac (Muntiacus vaginalis) have been analyzed in detail as well as their vocal behavior in response to mobbing humans under natural conditions of southern Vietnam. The alarm calls of sambars, tonal barks separated by large intervals, were produced by animals standing on the place and gazing at a potentially dangerous object. Muntjacs flee off in danger and produced a series of dull barks interrupted with short intervals from a distance...
May 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701085/book-review-misbehavior-in-organizations-a-dynamic-approach-cyberbullying-where-are-we-now-a-cross-national-understanding-infostorms-why-do-we-like-explaining-individual-behavior-on-the-social-net-stalker-hacker-voyeur-spy-a-psychoanalytic-study-of-erotomania
#16
Martin Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687652/high-temporal-and-spatial-variability-of-atmospheric-methane-oxidation-in-alpine-glacier-forefield-soils
#17
Eleonora Chiri, Philipp A Nauer, Edda-Marie Rainer, Josef Zeyer, Martin H Schroth
Glacier-forefield soils can provide a substantial sink for atmospheric CH4, facilitated by aerobic methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB). However, MOB activity, abundance, and community structure may be affected by soil age, location in different forefield landforms, and temporal fluctuations in soil-physical parameters. We assessed spatial and temporal variability of atmospheric CH4 oxidation in an Alpine glacier forefield during the snow-free season 2013. We quantified CH4 flux in soils of increasing age and in different landforms (sandhill, terrace, floodplain) using soil-gas-profile and static flux-chamber methods...
July 7, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646182/high-intensity-interval-training-improves-mitochondrial-function-and-suppresses-thrombin-generation-in-platelets-undergoing-hypoxic-stress
#18
Li-Hua Wu, Shao-Chiang Chang, Tieh-Cheng Fu, Ching-Hui Huang, Jong-Shyan Wang
This study elucidates how high-intensity interval training (HIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) affect mitochondrial functionality and thrombin generation (TG) in platelets following hypoxic exercise (HE, 100 W under 12% O2 for 30 min). Forty-five healthy sedentary males were randomized to engage either HIT (3-minute intervals at 40% and 80%VO2max, n = 15) or MCT (sustained 60%VO2max, n = 15) for 30 minutes/day, 5 days/week for 6 weeks, or to a control group (CTL, n = 15) that did not received exercise intervention...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636868/deadly-liver-mob-opening-the-door-improving-sexual-health-pathways-for-aboriginal-people-in-western-sydney
#19
Karen Biggs, Jennifer Walsh, Catriona Ooi
BACKGROUND: The Deadly Liver Mob project (DLM) is an incentive-based, peer-driven health promotion intervention for Aboriginal people, focusing on hepatitis C and offering education and screening for sexually transmissible infections (STI) and blood-borne viruses (BBV). This study aims to assess the DLM effect on attendance and STI/BBV screening, describe BBV risk factors and report infection rates among Aboriginal people attending Western Sydney Sexual Health Centre (WSSHC). METHODS: A retrospective review of Aboriginal clients during the first year of the DLM project was compared with Aboriginal clients who attended during the 5...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593095/load-enhanced-movement-quality-screening-and-tactical-athleticism-an-extension-of-evidence
#20
Stephen M Glass, Randy J Schmitz, Christopher K Rhea, Scott E Ross
BACKGROUND: Military organizations use movement quality screening for prediction of injury risk and performance potential. Currently, evidence of an association between movement quality and performance is limited. Recent work has demonstrated that external loading strengthens the relationship between movement screens and performance outcomes. Such loading may therefore steer us toward robust implementations of movement quality screens while maintaining their appeal as cost effective, field-expedient tools...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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